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VIDYADHAR NAGAR

In the 1980s, B.V.Doshi was commissioned to Plan a vast new township named Vidyadhar nagar,Situated in the north-west of the walled city.
Le- Corbusier had been Doshis master, someone he admired and worked with. He participated alongside him in a significant moment of Indias Modern architectural historyThe building of Chandigarh (1950s). Architects belief- The built form must be rooted in the land where it stands. Therefore a team was set up to analyze old Jaipur and to distil its essential principles.

Sun , Moon Purushas Mandalas

Sketches showcasing :fingers of greenery

The gateways Slogan

Shiva Linga

Concept sheet: March 1977 (Arts Magazine) The concept silkscreen presented by B.V. Doshi with the proposal satellite town(1986). The symbols of sun moon ,purushas and the mandalas,Shiva linga and the gateways; Le-Corbusier-style Rough sketches of the site and a layout of the fingers of greenery meandering within a geometric pattern of roads. Slogan: Vidyadhar Nagar A City Symbolic of Permanence and Order Faith Safety Security and social Economic Technical Opportunities Main influences on Doshis design: oIn effect, his plan crossbred aspects of Le-Corbusier with Aspects of old Jaipur. oPowerful types based on different spiritual and intellectual ideals.

As a result of the findingsThe broad central avenue and the necklaces of greenery recall Chandigarh, while the tight Street patterns and protective Approach roads reflect ancient Indo-Aryan practice as gleaned from a reading of sculptures.

PLANNING 1984-86
For many years B.V. Doshi argued in favor of smaller, Regional urban units so as to stem the economic demise of the country side and stop the flow of people Into the biggest cities. he has tried to synthesize the best of modern planning with the wisdom of traditional settlements. Vidhyadar Nagar is projected as a satellite town In the city of Jaipur. He called it an energy conscious plan because it tries to be less wasteful of natural resources, fuel and even human effort than the usual development. The perimeter is square and there is a main axis running North-east to south-west, crossed by a secondary axis along the main transversal road. Orientation is determined by the path of the sun so as to minimize solar contact with built surfaces. Vidhyadar Nagar is broken down into sectors and the road Pattern is designed to infiltrate traffic gradually. Each area has its own character and quality of enclosure. Buildings do not exceed four storey's and tallest face into larger roads. Doshi has interpreted the lessons of traditional desert towns with their tight clusters,courtyards,havelis and lanes of transition from public to private space. And also he has incorporated certain areas from the modern town planning tradition. The geometry of plan relies upon mandala form. The streets work in hierarchy: broad avenues there is a harmonious relationship between built form and open spaces. His plans give details guidelines for the dispositions, plans, sections and even facades of individual structures. Constraint by pattern. Strong rationale and hierachy,and then the city continues to evolve over this armature.

STANDARDS FROM BYE LAWS


Group housing :5000 m residential land situated at 18m wide road Flats : 750 m residential land situated on 12m wide road Housing unit : one room ,toilet, kitchen Parapet : >1.5m and not less than .75m high wall Road level : higher middle point of main road in front of ground Multistorey : more than 15m in height Mezzanine level : a middle storey in between two levels above ground level with entry only from lower level ;area not more than 1/3 of the associated area and height not more than 2.4 m. For unplanned areas planned without affecting the integrity of the area and keeping in mind the form of ground 1.Residential buildings group housing , flats , farm houses , independent unit 2. Commercial buildings hotel, motel, resorts, amusement park, multiplex, cinema, petrol pump 3. Community center 4. Administrative area and warehouse 5.special buildings In building on any level 25% of personnel residence area can be used for self employment purposes. In every 100 m a tree of atleast 6m height should be planted. Distance between two blocks is 1/3 of the height of the highest block. For community center and common services and club house the allowed F.A.R. area plus 5%of the total area is given. 15% of the total residential area to be allocated for the low caste people. For solid waste disposal ,after every 30 residential units 2 dustbins should be there one bin .67 m non biodegradable and 1.33 m biodegradable. Multistory Commercial buildings allowed on 24 m wide road. On less than 12 m wide road the height of building is restricted to 12 m(on the provision of stilt height should be 15m) 12 to 18m wide road height of building without stilt 15m 18 to 30m wide road height of building 1.5 times the width of the road

STANDARDS FROM BYE LAWS


>30m wide road 1.5 times the width of road + the front setback In a building - Slope of land not more than 1:8 for the two way ramp; separated access and exit width of ramp should be 3.3m but for combined one it should be 6m Circulation lane 3.6m for evacuation in case of breakdown of fire ;also to allow the access for fire fighting vehicle E.C.U. - For commercial buildings one E.CU. for 50 m2 ; in the open 25m2 ,stilts 30m2 ,in the basement 35m2 Transformers : 20m2 for transformer/substation 3m away from main building.