Problem 2: The following 2400-240-V , 60-Hz transformers are to be operated as a parallel bank: Transformer A B kVA 50 75 Nameplate Impedance 3.

53% 2.48%

Assume percent resistance is negligible. Can the bank be operated at its combined rating of 125-kVA without overheating? Show all work. Solution: We draw the equivalent circuit of the paralleled bank of transformers referred to primary.

IA Zeq,A Ibank Ibank


IB Zeq,B a ZL


Zeq,A= equivalent impedance of transformer A referred to primary Zeq, B= equivalent impedance of transformer B referred to primary


Primary current of transformer A IA,rated =๐‘‰๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘‘ Primary current of transformer B IB,rated =
75 ๐‘˜๐‘‰๐ด 2400 ๐‘†
,๐ด ๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘‘ ,๐ด


50 ๐‘˜๐‘‰๐ด 2400

= 20.83 A

= 31.25 ๐ด

Base impedance of transformer A referred to primary Zbase,A= ๐‘‰
๐ด ,๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐ผ๐ด ,๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘‘

= 20.83 = 115.22 ๐ด


Base impedance of transformr B referred to primary

6 A (less than the rated current IA.A= j4.) .53%)= (115.9A = โˆ’๐‘—0.A+ Xeq.08 A Now the bank current of transformer A |IA|= |Ibank| | ๐‘Œ๐‘’๐‘ž .rated) So the transformer B will be overheated.8) (2.A=0 and Req.rated) And bank current of transformer B |IB|= |Ibank| | ๐‘Œ๐‘’๐‘ž .A= ๐‘ 1 ๐‘’๐‘ž . A = j (Zbase.772 S If the transformer bank operates at 125 kVA load.๐ด ๐‘Œ๐‘ƒ | = 16.A+ Yeq.B = ๐‘ 1 ๐‘’๐‘ž . So Req.B+ Xeq.Zbase.0353)=j4.067 A Admittance can be found asYeq.A)(XPU. A= Req.48%)= (76.๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘‘ = 31. B= Req.B=0 Equivalent reactance of transformer A and B referred to primary can be found as Xeq.0248)=j1.526 ๐‘† YP= Yeq.9 A So Zeq. (Ans.B)(XPU.B)= j(76.25 = 76. bank current Ibank= 125 ๐‘˜๐‘‰๐ด 2400 ๐‘‰ = 52.22) (3.8 ๐ด 2400 Equivalent resistance of transformer A and B are negligible.22)(0.246 S and Yeq.067 A Xeq.8)(0. B = j (Zbase.๐ต ๐‘Œ๐‘ƒ | = 35.๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐ผ๐ต .๐ต = โˆ’๐‘—0.๐ด and Zeq.A)= j(115.48 A (larger than the rated current IB.B= j1. So the bank cannot be operated at the combined rating of 125 kVA without overheating.B = -j0. Transformer B will be overheated.B= It is given that ๐‘‰ ๐ต .

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