FORMATIVE EVALUATION

Mohamed Salah ABIDI *Regional Summer School* 2008- 2009

Why raising this issue?
• Activity1: Brainstorming Answer the following questions • - How do you know that your learners are making progress in their language learning? - How do you know that your lesson is going well? - What do you do if you realize that your lesson is not going well? - On what basis do you make changes in your lessons in order to meet the needs of your learners?

EXPECTATIONS & POSSIBLE OUTCOMES
• the difference between formative and summative evaluation • the benefits of formative evaluation • tools and strategies to apply formative evaluation • applying formative evaluation in the Tunisian classroom

Developing definition of concepts
• Activity2: Read in your group the mixed up notes and develop definitions of formative/ summative assessment. (See Word doc1.)

Discuss the following caption
Robert Stakes:

• "When the cook tastes the soup, that’s formative; when the guests taste the soup, that’s summative."

• Activity3: Discuss the difference between Assessment of learning and Assessment for learning

BENEFITS OF FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT

PRINCIPLES & BENEFITS
• Activity4: Read the principles set out by the Assessment Reform Group in the UK. Focus on one principle and explain it with reference to real assessment sequence you conducted in your classroom.(Word doc.2)

The Assessment Reform Group Principles
• • • • • • • • • be part of effective planning of teaching and learning focus on how students learn be recognised as central to classroom practice be regarded as a key professional skill for teachers be sensitive and constructive because any assessment has an emotional impact take account of the importance of learner motivation enable learners to receive constructive guidance about how to improve develop learners’ capacity for self-assessment so that they can become reflective and self-managing recognise the full range of achievements of all learners

WHO BENEFITS FROM FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT?1
• Benefits of Formative Assessments for Teachers • Teachers are able to determine what standards students already know and to what degree. • Teachers can decide what minor modifications or major changes in instruction they need to makes so that all students can succeed in upcoming instruction and on subsequent assessments. • Teachers can create appropriate lessons and activities for groups of learners or individual students. • Teachers can inform students about their current progress in order to help them set goals for improvement.

WHO BENEFITS FROM FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT?2
• Benefits of Formative Assessments for Students • Students are more motivated to learn. • Students take responsibility for their own learning. • Students become users of assessment. • Students learn valuable lifelong skills such as self-evaluation, self-assessment, and goal setting.

Formative/Summativecompared1
• Activity5: With reference to the Word doc.3, individually complete the chart(Word doc.4) check in the group and discuss with the rest of the group.

ANALYSIS OF PROCESSES
Activity6: Participants in their groups complete the chart, analyse the process and discuss the intentions of the teacher and the benefits for the learner.(Word doc.5)

OBSERVATION
• Activity7: How can you find answers to the following questions? -How hard-working is a student?- Can the student stay on task even when it proves to be difficult? – Does the student make connection between his learning and what he needs in his own life? – What strategies does he use in learning? – What is his attitude to learning English?

TOOLS FOR FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT
• • • • • • • • • • Homework assignments Quick class tests Observation of students behaviour in class. Questionnaires Evaluation checklists and grids Self and Peer-assessment of learning Take-home tests Interviews and conferences Project work Students portfolios

Analysis of the practice of formative assessment in the Tunisian context
• Three groups are formed to analyse the tools of formative assessment used in the 1st,2nd, and 3rd Year Secondary.(Word doc.6)

Conducting a survey
• Participants are invited to complete the survey (Word doc.7) and analyse its results so as to develop the skill of conducting a survey in class and use the results to foster learning and improve teaching.

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