Extronics

Products • Explosion Proof & Pressurised Solutions •

Engineered Solutions, Bespoke Certification and Development • Training & Certification Services

ATEX Certification Definitions
Zoning Definitions
Zones Gas Dust
EN 60079-10 EN 61241-10

Categories
Definitions ATEX Cat. 1G 1D Typical Zone Suitability Equip. suitable for zone 0 Equip. suitable for zone 20

Non-electrical Equipment
EN 13463-1 EN 13463-2 EN 13463-3 EN 13463-5 EN 13463-6

(concepts)

Conformity Assessment ‘Quality Modules’
Module Annex Equipment Category *3 *1 *2 M1 M2 M2 1 2 2 3 (E) (N) (E) (N) Protective System

Basic methods & requirements Flow restricting enclosure Flame-proof enclosure Constructional safety Control of ignition sources Pressurisation Liquid immersion fr d c b p k

0

20

A place in which an explosive atmosphere is continually present A place in which an explosive atmosphere is likely to occur in normal operation occasionally A place in which an explosive atmosphere is not likely to occur in normal operation, but if it does only occurs for short periods

Design Phase
EC-Type Examination Internal Control of Production Unit Verification B A G III VIII IX O ✔ ✔ ✔*4 O O O ✔ ✔ ✔*4 ✔ O O O O ✔

1

21

2G 2D

Equip. suitable for zone 1 Equip. suitable for zone 21

EN 13463-7 EN 13463-8

2

22

3G 3D

Equip. suitable for zone 2 Equip. suitable for zone 22

Conformity Assessment ‘Quality Modules’ Table * Notes: 1 “Global Approach” OJEC No.L220, 1993 2 ATEX Directive 94/9/EC 3 Suffix (E) refers to electrical equipment and internal combustion engines Suffix (N) refers to non-electrical equipment 4 Technical Files to be deposited with a notified body KEY ✔ = mandatory unless Unit Verification is used O = optional as an alternative to other modules Y = one of two production phase modules for the equipment category to be chosen by the manufacturer

Production Phase
Production Quality Assurance Product Quality Assurance Product Verification Conformity to Type Internal Control of Production Unit Verification D E F C A G IV VII V VI VIII IX O Y Y ✔ O O O Y Y Y Y ✔ O O ✔ O O Y Y Y Y

IP Code
1st Numerical
Protection against Solid Bodies 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 No protection Objects > 50mm Objects > 12mm Objects > 2.5mm Objects > 1mm Dust-protected Dust-tight

Dusts
2nd Numerical
Protection against Liquid 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 No protection Vertically dripping water Drops of liquid (75° to 90°) Sprayed water Splashed water Water jets Heavy seas Effects of immersion Indefinite immersion

Zone
20 21 22

ATEX Category
Requires 1D equipment Requires 1D or 2D equipment Requires 3D, 2D or 1D equipment

IP Rating
IP6X IP6X IP5X*

Groups
* Must be IP6X if dust is electrically conductive I Electrical equipment intended for use in mines susceptible to firedamp Electrical equipment intended for use in places with an explosive gas atmosphere other than mines susceptible to firedamp Electrical equipment intended for use in places with an explosive dust atmosphere other than mines susceptible to firedamp*

US Enclosure Ratings
NEMA, UL & CSA type rating Approximate IEC/IP classification

NEMA 7 to 10 Hazardous Area Enclosures

Types of Protection
GAS Type of Protection
General Requirements Intrinsic Safety Increased Safety Flameproof Pressurisation Powder Filling Encapsulation Oil Immersion Type n

II

Abbreviated Protection Description
Indoor, from contact with contents Indoor, limited, falling dirt and water Outdoor, from rain, sleet, windblown dust & ice damage Outdoor, from rain, sleet & ice damage Indoor & outdoor, from windblown dust, rain, splashing & hose directed water & ice damage Indoor & outdoor, from corrosion, windblown dust, rain, splashing & hose directed water & ice damage Indoor & outdoor, from hose directed water, water entry during submersion & ice damage

ATEX Code
– Ex ia & ib Ex e Ex d Ex p Ex q

Standard
EN 60079-0 EN 60079-11 EN 60079-7 EN 60079-1 EN 60079-2 EN 60079-5

DUST Type of Protection
General Requirements Protection by Enclosures Protection Intrinsic Safety Encapsulation

ATEX Code
– tD pD iD mD

Standard
III EN 61241-0:2006 EN 61241-1:2004 EN 61241-4:2006 EN 61241-11:2006 EN 61241-18:2004 IIA IIB IIC
nC nC nC nC nC nL nR nA

1 2 3 3R 4 4X 6

IP20 IP22 IP55 IP24 IP66 IP66 IP67

Gas Groups
Propane Ethylene Hydrogen/Acetylene

Dust Groups*
IIIA IIIB IIIC Combustible Flyings Non-conductive Dust Conductive Dust

Ex ma & mb EN 60079-18 Ex o Ex n EN 60079-6 EN 60079-15

Mechanical Impacts (UK) Code EN50102
IK Code IK00 Impact Energy (Joules) * IK01 IK02 IK03 IK04 IK05 0.14 0.2 0.35 0.5 0.7 IK06 IK07 1 2 IK08 IK09 IK10 5 10 20

Temperature
T-Class Max surface temp in °C T1 T2 T3 450 300 200 135 100 85

Type n EN60079-15 Enclosed break device Non-incendive component Hermetically sealed device Sealed device Encapsulated device Energy limited apparatus & circuits Restricted breathing enclosure Non sparking

*Taken from the new IEC60079-0 2007

Simple Apparatus
Passive components

Other Useful Standards
BS6656 EN1127-1 EN1127-2 EN60079-10 EN60079-14 EN60079-17 Assessment of inadvertent ignition of flammable atmospheres by radio frequency radiation (guide) Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection. Part 1, Basic concepts & methodology for surface industry Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection. Part 2, Basic concepts & methodology for mining Classification of hazardous areas Electrical installations in hazardous areas (other than mines) Electrical installations inspection and maintenance Equipment repair, overhaul and reclamation Protection of equipment and transmission systems using optical radiation
NOT piezoelectric crystal protected components voltage or current enhancement Sources of generated energy not more than *1.5V, 100mA & 25mW Well defined sources of stored energy considered in safety analysis

Cable Gland Selection

START

T4 T5 T6

Yes

Is area zoned?

No

EN60079-19 EN60079-28

Is equipment Ex i concept?

No

Is equipment Ex d concept?

No

Zone 1?

No

Zone 2

5V in

Marking for Gas Hazards

XXXX
Complies with European Directive

II 2 G Ex d IIC T4
EC Mark

Yes

Yes

Yes

Equipment Group
Equipment Category

Gas Explosion Protection

Type of Protection

Use non-certified cable glands
*refer to note 1

Refer to Ex d cable selector chart

Ex e concept

Ex e concept

Ex n* or N concept

Notified Body Number

*If omitted suitable for all gas groups

Temperature Gas Group* Class A, B or C (T1-T6)

* Note: North America still uses 1.2V and 20 microjoules

Note 1: Non certified cable glands may be used provided that they maintain the minimum IP rating on the certified equipment of IP54 for outdoors and IP20 for indoor equipment. Note 2: Non certified cable glands may be used provided they meet the requirements of EN60079-0 and EN60079-7 or EN60079-15. Note 3: Internal sources of ignition include sparks or equipment temperatures occurring in normal operation which can cause ignition. An enclosure containing terminals only or an indirect entry enclosure is considered not to constitute an internal source of ignition. Does the hazardous gas require IIC apparatus?

Use non-certified cable glands Gland type Brass
*refer to note 2

Marking for Dust or Flyings and Fibres Hazards

XXXX
Complies with European Directive

III 2 D Ex tD A21 IP66 T80°C
EC Mark

Equipment Group
Equipment Category

Dust

Type of Protection Explosion Protection Ingress protection and max. surface temperature

Notified Body Number

Plastic

Radio Frequency Sources
Use certified cable glands

Yes

Does this enclosure contain an internal source of ignition?
*refer to note 3

No

The threshold power of radio frequency (10 kHz to 300 GHz) for continuous transmissions and for pulsed transmissions whose pulse durations exceed the thermal initiation time shall not exceed the values shown in Table 4. Programmable or software control intended for setting by the user shall not be permitted. For pulsed radar and other transmissions where the pulses are short compared with the thermal initiation time, the threshold energy values Zth shall not exceed those given in Table 5.

Table 4 from IEC 60079-0 Radio Frequency Power Thresholds
Equipment for
Is the area of installation of Zone 1?

Table 5 from IEC 60079-0 Radio-frequency Energy Thresholds
Equipment for Threshold Energy Zth (µJ)

Yes

No

Threshold power (W)

Thermal Initiation Time (averaging period) (µs)

Yes

No

Use a barrier gland

Yes

Is the volume of enclosure greater than 2 dm3?

No

Use a suitable flameproof cable gland with a sealing ring. (Gland with elastomeric seals)

Group I Group IIA Group IIB Group IIC Group III

6.0 6.0 3.5 2.0 6.0

200 100 80 20 200

Group I Group IIA Group IIB Group IIC Group III

1500 950 250 50 1500

Extronics Ltd · Meridian House · Roe Street · Congleton · Cheshire · CW12 1PG · Tel: +44 (0)1260 292651 · Fax: +44 (0)1260 297280 · www.extronics.com · info@extronics.com
The information in this wall chart is for guidance only. For detailed information see relevant Directives and Regulations.
© Extronics Ltd 2008 07/08