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Phonograms

(Word Families)

A phonogram, or rime, is a spelling pattern or word


family. These are the 37 most frequently used patterns
(Wylie and Durrell, 1970). From these patterns, a child
can master 500 primary words.

http://classroom.jc-schools.net/read/phonograms.htm
-ack
back black
lack crack
pack shack
quack slack
sack stack
tack track
-ail
ail rail
bail sail
fail tail
hail wail
jail flail
mail frail
nail snail
pail trail
-ain
main grain
pain plain
rain slain
vain Spain
brain sprain
chain stain
drain strain
gain train
-ake
bake drake
cake flake
lake shake
make snake
quake stake
take sake
brake
-ale
bale sale
dale tale
gale scale
hale shale
male stale
pale whale
-ame
came same
dame tame
fame blame
game flame
lame frame
name shame
-an
an van
ban bran
can clan
fan flan
man plan
pan scan
ran span
tan than
-ank
bank crank
lank drank
rank flank
sank plank
tank prank
yank shrank
blank spank
clank thank
-ap
cap chap
gap clap
lap flap
map scrap
nap slap
rap snap
sap strap
tap trap
yap wrap
-ash
ash hash
bash lash
cash mash
crash rash
dash sash
gash brash
-at
at rat
bat sat
cat tat
fat vat
gnat brat
hat chat
mat flat
pat that
-ate
ate rate
date crate
fate grate
gate plate
hate skate
late state
mate
-aw
gnaw claw
jaw draw
law flaw
paw slaw
raw squaw
saw straw
-ay
bay pay
day ray
hay say
jay way
lay bray
may clay
-eat
beat bleat
feat cheat
heat cleat
meat pleat
neat treat
peat wheat
seat
-ell
bell tell
cell well
dell yell
dwell quell
fell shell
jell smell
knell spell
sell swell
-est
best vest
guest west
jest zest
lest blest
nest chest
pest crest
rest quest
test wrest
-ice
dice price
ice slice
lice spice
mice splice
nice twice
rice thrice
vice
-ick
kick chick
lick click
pick flick
quick slick
sick stick
tick thick
wick trick
brick
-ide
bide chide
hide glide
ride pride
side slide
tide snide
wide stride
bride
-ight
knight blight
light bright
might flight
night fright
right plight
sight slight
tight
-ill
bill pill grill
dill quill skill
fill rill spill
gill sill still
hill till swill
ill will thrill
Jill chill trill
kill drill twill
mill frill
-in
bin win
din chin
fin grin
gin shin
kin skin
pin spin
sin thin
tin twin
-ine
dine wine
fine brine
line shine
mine shrine
nine spine
pine swine
tine whine
vine
-ing
ding fling
king sling
ping spring
ring sting
sing string
wing swing
zing thing
bring wring
cling
-ink
kink brink
link chink
mink clink
pink drink
rink shrink
sink slink
wink stink
blink think
-ip
dip tip ship
hip zip skip
lip blip slip
nip chip snip
quip clip strip
rip drip trip
sip flip whip
grip
-it
bit wit
hit flit
fit grit
kit skit
knit slit
lit spit
pit split
quit twit
sit
-ock
dock block
hock clock
knock crock
lock flock
mock frock
rock shock
sock smock
tock stock
-oke
joke choke
poke smoke
woke spoke
yoke stoke
broke stroke
-op
bop crop
cop drop
hop flop
mop plop
pop prop
sop shop
top slop
chop stop
-ore
bore wore
core chore
fore score
gore shore
more snore
pore spore
sore store
tore swore
-ot
cot rot
dot tot
got blot
hot clot
jot plot
knot shot
lot slot
not spot
pot trot
-uck
buck cluck
duck pluck
luck shuck
muck stuck
puck struck
suck truck
tuck
-ug
bug chug
dug drug
hug plug
jug shrug
lug slug
mug smug
pug snug
rug thug
tug
-ump
bump frump
dump grump
hump plump
jump slump
lump stump
pump thump
chump trump
clump
-unk
bunk flunk
dunk plunk
funk shrunk
hunk skunk
junk slunk
punk spunk
sunk stunk
chunk trunk

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