You are on page 1of 38


(Word Families)

A phonogram, or rime, is a spelling pattern or word

family. These are the 37 most frequently used patterns
(Wylie and Durrell, 1970). From these patterns, a child
can master 500 primary words.
back black
lack crack
pack shack
quack slack
sack stack
tack track
ail rail
bail sail
fail tail
hail wail
jail flail
mail frail
nail snail
pail trail
main grain
pain plain
rain slain
vain Spain
brain sprain
chain stain
drain strain
gain train
bake drake
cake flake
lake shake
make snake
quake stake
take sake
bale sale
dale tale
gale scale
hale shale
male stale
pale whale
came same
dame tame
fame blame
game flame
lame frame
name shame
an van
ban bran
can clan
fan flan
man plan
pan scan
ran span
tan than
bank crank
lank drank
rank flank
sank plank
tank prank
yank shrank
blank spank
clank thank
cap chap
gap clap
lap flap
map scrap
nap slap
rap snap
sap strap
tap trap
yap wrap
ash hash
bash lash
cash mash
crash rash
dash sash
gash brash
at rat
bat sat
cat tat
fat vat
gnat brat
hat chat
mat flat
pat that
ate rate
date crate
fate grate
gate plate
hate skate
late state
gnaw claw
jaw draw
law flaw
paw slaw
raw squaw
saw straw
bay pay
day ray
hay say
jay way
lay bray
may clay
beat bleat
feat cheat
heat cleat
meat pleat
neat treat
peat wheat
bell tell
cell well
dell yell
dwell quell
fell shell
jell smell
knell spell
sell swell
best vest
guest west
jest zest
lest blest
nest chest
pest crest
rest quest
test wrest
dice price
ice slice
lice spice
mice splice
nice twice
rice thrice
kick chick
lick click
pick flick
quick slick
sick stick
tick thick
wick trick
bide chide
hide glide
ride pride
side slide
tide snide
wide stride
knight blight
light bright
might flight
night fright
right plight
sight slight
bill pill grill
dill quill skill
fill rill spill
gill sill still
hill till swill
ill will thrill
Jill chill trill
kill drill twill
mill frill
bin win
din chin
fin grin
gin shin
kin skin
pin spin
sin thin
tin twin
dine wine
fine brine
line shine
mine shrine
nine spine
pine swine
tine whine
ding fling
king sling
ping spring
ring sting
sing string
wing swing
zing thing
bring wring
kink brink
link chink
mink clink
pink drink
rink shrink
sink slink
wink stink
blink think
dip tip ship
hip zip skip
lip blip slip
nip chip snip
quip clip strip
rip drip trip
sip flip whip
bit wit
hit flit
fit grit
kit skit
knit slit
lit spit
pit split
quit twit
dock block
hock clock
knock crock
lock flock
mock frock
rock shock
sock smock
tock stock
joke choke
poke smoke
woke spoke
yoke stoke
broke stroke
bop crop
cop drop
hop flop
mop plop
pop prop
sop shop
top slop
chop stop
bore wore
core chore
fore score
gore shore
more snore
pore spore
sore store
tore swore
cot rot
dot tot
got blot
hot clot
jot plot
knot shot
lot slot
not spot
pot trot
buck cluck
duck pluck
luck shuck
muck stuck
puck struck
suck truck
bug chug
dug drug
hug plug
jug shrug
lug slug
mug smug
pug snug
rug thug
bump frump
dump grump
hump plump
jump slump
lump stump
pump thump
chump trump
bunk flunk
dunk plunk
funk shrunk
hunk skunk
junk slunk
punk spunk
sunk stunk
chunk trunk

Related Interests