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Hydrocarbon Classification and EOR 101, 2012

Hydrocarbon Classification and EOR 101, 2012

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Published by SolarWind49
Primer on Hydrocarbon Accumulation Classification and EOR: natural gas, LNG, condensates, plant products, volatile oils, crude oils, API Gravity, viscosity. Reservoir Engineering: Enhanced oil recovery (EOR): miscible and immiscible displacement, thermal recovery, chemical flooding, conformance. US National Energy Policy: clean coal combustion, natural gas conservation.
US Environmental Policy: greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide sequestration, pollution, emissions. Horizontal drilling.
Primer on Hydrocarbon Accumulation Classification and EOR: natural gas, LNG, condensates, plant products, volatile oils, crude oils, API Gravity, viscosity. Reservoir Engineering: Enhanced oil recovery (EOR): miscible and immiscible displacement, thermal recovery, chemical flooding, conformance. US National Energy Policy: clean coal combustion, natural gas conservation.
US Environmental Policy: greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide sequestration, pollution, emissions. Horizontal drilling.

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Published by: SolarWind49 on Jul 15, 2009
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04/14/2013

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Wet gas reservoirs produce condensate stock
tank liquids, with GOR’s above 5,000 (even
50,000) scf/STB. The gravity of the stock tank
liquid is in the 40-50°API range and does not
change during reservoir life; GOR is also
constant during reservoir life. This liquid is
usually clear as water.

No hydrocarbon liquid exists in the wet gas
reservoir downhole.

The pressure path line in a wet gas phase
diagram does not enter the liquid phase
envelope. Separator conditions lie within the
phase envelope, however, causing liquid to be
formed at the surface.

Figure 4. Phase diagram for a wet gas reservoir. McCain, 1990.

The hydrocarbon accumulations in most petroleum reservoirs are saturated with water
due to their contact and equilibrium with water. Luckily the solubility of water in
hydrocarbons is low.
As a classification, the term “wet gas reservoir” is named, not for water, but for their rich
cocktails of downhole hydrocarbons in gaseous form. Those downhole gases that
condense in separators at surface facilities are called condensates.
These volatile, (brown, orange, or green) translucent and perhaps almost transparent
stock tank liquids may contain hexanes and above, pentanes, butanes and limited
evaporating propane. In the early oil and gas business these were sometimes called “drip
gas
” because they might be burned as gasoline in a vehicle. Gasoline’s API Gravity
averages 50°, so its SG= 141.5 / (50° + 131.5) = 0.778.

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