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Hydrocarbon Classification and EOR 101, 2012

Hydrocarbon Classification and EOR 101, 2012

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Published by SolarWind49
Primer on Hydrocarbon Accumulation Classification and EOR: natural gas, LNG, condensates, plant products, volatile oils, crude oils, API Gravity, viscosity. Reservoir Engineering: Enhanced oil recovery (EOR): miscible and immiscible displacement, thermal recovery, chemical flooding, conformance. US National Energy Policy: clean coal combustion, natural gas conservation.
US Environmental Policy: greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide sequestration, pollution, emissions. Horizontal drilling.
Primer on Hydrocarbon Accumulation Classification and EOR: natural gas, LNG, condensates, plant products, volatile oils, crude oils, API Gravity, viscosity. Reservoir Engineering: Enhanced oil recovery (EOR): miscible and immiscible displacement, thermal recovery, chemical flooding, conformance. US National Energy Policy: clean coal combustion, natural gas conservation.
US Environmental Policy: greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide sequestration, pollution, emissions. Horizontal drilling.

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Published by: SolarWind49 on Jul 15, 2009
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04/14/2013

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The incentives to reduce uphole heat loss, clay activation, and various environmental
issues have accumulated to motivate research and production personnel to seek
alternatives to the wet methods mentioned above.
So, the In-Situ Combustion (I-SC) process, also called fire flood or fireflood, has
benefited from considerable analysis, experiment, and discussion. In-situ combustion is a
flameless dry process. As a bare minimum, oxygen (O2) must be injected. O2 (pure,
atmospheric with Nitrogen, staged or otherwise combined) then reacts with a downhole
fuel flamelessly to heat the reservoir rock and HO.
Reliance upon reservoir HO alone as a downhole fuel is a convenient notion, but
probably impractical. Methane, a solvent, and/or other staged and/or optimized additives
are probably required to engineer this combustible injectant. Note that CH4 and O2
combine to form CO2 and H20 in combustion, along with at least traces of CO (carbon
monoxide) and perhaps O3 (ozone), so such a process is not completely dry! CO2 is, of
course, desirable since it will dissolve in water and oil at low pressures. Larger fuel
molecules would yield more complex combustion product compounds.
Theoretically, I-SC avoids wellbore heat loss, most of the water involved with CSI and
SF, and some surface environmental issues. I-SC introduces, however, many complex
physical issues like ignition method, choice of fuel(s), choice of O2 or mixture, sources of
these, the flameless processes visualized downhole, and the details of their effects on
rock and HO.

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