Nanotechnology In Textile Industry

By: Dr. V K Tripathi

nanotechnology. bearings and shaft Biomimicry and nanotechnology are the technologies used by God or nature to create the life on earth. through it contains no living cell • .000 patent applications have been filed globally. without giving toxic nightmares.a sea-creature produces 'adhesive. Move towards nanotechnology Of late. which can work in moist conditions Rhino horn manages to self repair itself. (National Center for Manufacturing Systems. cleaner. Commercialisation timelines indicate that many new nano product introductions in 2007-2011. as well as on the housing bore. fly on our face when we realise that our advanced technology products have limitations as compared to nature's own products. Nature stacks and builds molecule by molecule. to stick itself to anything in the tidal zone for eating or mating. and decided to copy the indisputable 'technology-wisdom' of nature. was used to build up the tolerances in all moving parts of the machines. right inside water. ounce to ounce. Nature's production technology is set at life-loving temperature .. and without depleting the natural resources. a first generation nanotechnology. lighter and more precise.e. All Fortune 500 companies have launched nano initiative programmes. A 2005 National Technology Initiative (NNI) survey in the US shows the growth of nanotechnology in manufacturing (refer figure 1). It can elongate 40 per cent (unlike steel) and spring back to the original length. This adhesive needs no primer and such a sticking power is unachieved by man-made adhesives. Some of the nano-products available today are faster. uses it and cures it in 3 min. however.without the man-made technologies of heating. January 2006). As a result of the ongoing research in this arena. a total of 15. All these hectic global activities. beating and treating. when released of load Mussel . stronger. without any input of electrical power. V K Tripathi Reducing Machine Vibrations The challenge Reduce vibrations in spinning and weaving machines. more efficient. and the high level of long-term expectations. Limitations of human technology in comparison with nature become evident from the following examples: • • Spider silk is five times stronger than steel.Nanotechnology In Textile Industry By: Dr. human beings have shown an inclination to shun the roadmap of victory over nature. till 2005. thereby reduce the breakage of threads and consequently reduce stoppages and increase productivity The solution Sputtering. i. We are only dreaming of inventing one.

guides and slides. ie. etc. was used to build up the tolerances in all the moving parts of the spinning and weaving machines. Case study The application and benefits of nanotechnology in the textile industry can be explained through the following example: Problem statement: A critical problem in the textile industry is the vibrations in spinning and weaving machines.• The inner shell of a sea creature called 'abalone' is twice as tough as our highesttech ceramics. it is subjected to high pressure drawing. the nature uses most ordinary materials like carbon. Each individual cable is itself a twisted bundle of even thinner cables. Additional benefits included significant reduction in the wear of mechanical parts as well as reduction in the power consumption. and this process results in toxic byproducts. Biomimicry Nano technology could bring us so far. through the grand cycle of death and renewal.a fibre so tough that it can stop bullets.fully charged and able to direct crystallisation and multiplying itself in a proper environment. But to make Kevlar. Then. The same process was repeated for bushes. The engineering technologists do not yet see the need of mixing or dosing protein cells with mineral and metal molecules for self-building of machine parts like stem-cells. Stand alone nano technologies of the first generation like 'sputtering. The protein separated from a living cell is still a living protein . water. rearranging and dosing the top surface of existing products. which is absent in the man-made products. in order to force it into a liquid crystal form. Poreless impregnation nanotechnology was also used in some parts to improve the tolerances.are made to live long and then disintegrate to be reabsorbed by another kind of life. . Sputtering was also done on the housing bore. Bone. The nearest tougher material made by man is polyaramid Kevlar . petroleum molecules are poured into a pressurised vat of concentrated sulphuric acid and boiled at several 1 00 of. which are again a twisted. biomimicry is taking over. The 'tendon' in our forearm is a twisted bundle of cables (composite) like the cables used in a suspension bridge. Despite the miraculous superiority. This is being done by biomimics. The one common base of all the miracles of nature's creation is a 'protein cell. Each of these thinner cables is a twisted bundle of cables (composite) like the cables used in a suspension bridge. Now. and heart muscle all miracle materials . Results: The use of nanotechnology resulted in drastic reduction in the vibration levels and the breaking of the threads was reduced by more than 95 per cent. can give solutions to the global concern of finite natural resources. water and phosphate. tusks. These vibrations are the root cause for breaking of the threads. antlers. skin. Nanotechnology researchers are now trying to learn as to how to rearrange/twist these molecules. inner diameter and outer diameter of the bearings and journal of the shaft. sputtering process. Such interruptions cause loss of productivity due to repeated stoppages and restarting. Solution: Nanotechnology. ie. pins. Each of these thinner cables is a twisted bundle of molecules. helical bundle of atoms. rapier and guide. calcium. to create most complex and composite materials. The energy input is extreme. This is the greatest contribution of nanotechnology to the existing manufacturing of every product.

About the author: Dr V K Tripathi is the managing director of Virtus Techno Innovations. a company dedicated to the R&D in nanotechnology. He can be contacted at vaubt@vsnl.asp . Technology.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/ To promote your company. product and services via promotional article. Siyaram Silk Mills at Tarapur and Neosack in Indore. Apparel.Clients: The above technology was implemented at Bhivani Textile Ltd in Haryana.com/services/featrued-article/featured_article.fibre2fashion. Retail and General please visit www. His group companies have so far filed 23 patent applications in nanotechnology. Fashion.com To read more articles on Textile. Tripathi is also the inventor of right brain management (RBM). He is working in the field of applied nanotechnology since 1984. follow this link: http://www. a patent-pending technique that can be practiced to raise the right brain utilisation of people beyond the current 1 percent.

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