I.J.

Information Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59
Published Online August 2013 in M ECS (http://www.mecs-press.org/) DOI: 10.5815/ ijieeb.2013.02.08

On Fuzzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function
Said Brou mi Facu lt y o f A rts an d Hu man it ies, Hay El Baraka Ben M's ik Casab lanca B.P. 7951, HassanII Un ivers ity Moh ammed ia-Casab lanca, Mo ro cco 1 broumisaid78@g mail.co m Florentin Smarandache Depart ment of Mathemat ics, University of New Mexico, 705 Gurley Avenue, Gallup, NM 87301, USA fsmarandache@gmail.co m Mamoni Dhar Depart ment of Mathemat ics, Science College, Kokrajhar-783370, Assam, India mamon idhar@g mail.co m

Abstract—In this paper we study fuzzy soft mat rix based on reference function.Firstly, we define some new operations such as fuzzy soft complement matrix and trace of fuzzy soft mat rix based on reference function.Then, we introduced some related properties, and some examp les are given. Lastly, we define a new fuzzy soft matrix decision method based on reference function. Index Terms—Soft set, fuzzy soft set, fuzzy soft set based on reference function, fuzzy soft matrix based on reference function.

discussed about the convergence of powers of fuzzy matrix. In [15,16,17],some important results on determinant of a square fuzzy mat rices are discussed .Also,Ragab et al. [18,19] presented some properties of the min-max composition of fuzzy matrices. Later on, several studies and some applications of fuzzy matrices are defined in
[20,21].

I.

INTRODUCTION

Fuzzy set theory was proposed by LotfiA.Zadeh [1] in 1965,where each element ( real valued ) [ 0, 1] had a degree of membership defined on the universe of discourse X, the theory has been found extensive application in various field to handle uncertainty. Therefore,several researches were conducted on the generalization on the notions of fu zzy sets such as intuitionistic fuzzy set proposed by Atanassov [2,3], interval valued fuzzy set [5 ]. In the literature we found many well – known theories to describe uncertainty: rough set theory [6]..etc, but all of these theories have their inherit difficulties as pointed by Molodtsov in his pioneer wo rk[7].The concept introduced by Molodtsov is called “soft set theory” which is set valued mapping. This new mathematical model is free fro m the difficult ies mentioned above.Since its introduction, the concept of soft set has gained considerable attention and this concept has resulted in a series of wo rk [8, 9,10,11,12, 13, 14] . Also as we know, mat rices play an important ro le in science and technology. However, the classical mat rix theory sometimes fails to solve the problems involving uncertainties,occurring in an imprecise environ ment. In [4] Thomason, introduced the fuzzy mat rices to represent fuzzy relat ion in a system based on fuzzy set theory and Copyright © 2012 M ECS

In 2010,Cagmanet al [13] defined soft matrix wh ich is representation of soft set, to make operations in theoretical studies in soft set more functional. Th is representation has several advantages, it‘s easy to store and manipulate matrices and hence the soft sets represented by them in a co mputer. Recently severalresearch have been studied the connection between soft set and soft matrices [ 13,14,22]. Later,Maji et al [9 ] introduced the theory of fuzzy soft set and applied it to decision making problem. In 2011, Yang and C.Ji[22],defined fuzzy soft matrix (FSM) which is very useful in representing and computing the data involving fuzzy soft sets. The concept of fuzzy set based on reference function was first introduced by Baruah [23,24,25] in the following manner - According to him, to define a fuzzy set, two functions namely fuzzy membership function and fuzzy reference function are necessary. Fuzzy membership value is the difference between fuzzy membership function and reference function. Fuzzy membership function and fuzzy membership value are two different things. In [26, 27] M.Dhar applied this concept to fuzzy square matrix and developed some interesting properties as determinant, trace and so on. Thereafter, in [28], T.J.Neog, D. K.Sutwere extended this new concept to soft set theory, introducing a new concept called “fuzzy soft set based on fuzzy reference function”. Recently,Neog . T.J, Sut D. K,M .Bora[29] combinedfu zzy soft set based on reference function with soft matrices. The paper unfolds as follows. The next section briefly introduces some definit ions related tosoft set,fuzzy soft set, and fuzzy soft setbased on reference function. Section 3 presents fuzzy soft complement

I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

53

matrix based on reference function. Sect ion 4presentstrace of fuzzy soft matrix based on reference function..Section5presentsnew fuzzy soft mat rix theory in decision making .Conclusions appear in the last section.

that this definition sometimes gives degenerate cases and revised the above definition as follows: 2.5 .Definition [29] Let A ( μ1 , μ2 )={x, μ1 (x) , μ2 (x) ; x ∈ U } and B ( μ3 ,μ4 ) ={x, μ3 (x) , μ4 (x) ; x ∈ U } be two fuzzy sets defined over the same universe U. Then the operations intersection and union are defined asA ( μ1 , μ2 ) ⋂ B ( μ3 , μ4 )= {x, min( μ1 (x), μ3 (x) ) ,max( μ2 (x) , μ4 (x) ) ; x ∈ U } and A {x, ( μ1 , μ2 ) ⋃ B ( μ3 , μ4 )= max( μ1 (x) ,μ3 (x) ) ,min( μ2 (x) ,μ4 (x) ) ; x ∈ U } 2.6.Definition [29] Let A ( 𝜇𝜇 1 , 𝜇𝜇 2 )={x, 𝜇𝜇 1 (𝑥𝑥) , 𝜇𝜇 2 (𝑥𝑥 ) ; x ∈ U } and B ( 𝜇𝜇 3, 𝜇𝜇 4 )={x, 𝜇𝜇 3 (𝑥𝑥) , 𝜇𝜇 4 (𝑥𝑥 ) ; x ∈ U } be two fuzzy sets defined over the same universe U.To avoid degenerate cases we assume that min( 𝜇𝜇 1 (𝑥𝑥) , 𝜇𝜇 3 (𝑥𝑥) ) ≥ max( 𝜇𝜇 2 (𝑥𝑥) ,𝜇𝜇 4 (𝑥𝑥 )) for all x ∈ U. Then the operations intersection and union are defined as A ( μ1 , μ2 ) ⋂ B ( μ3 , μ4 )= {x, min( μ1 (x), μ3 (x) ) ,max( μ2 (x) ,μ4 (x) ) ; x ∈ U } and A ( 𝜇𝜇 1 , 𝜇𝜇 2 ) ⋃ B ( 𝜇𝜇 3 , 𝜇𝜇 4 )= {x, max( 𝜇𝜇 1 (𝑥𝑥) ,𝜇𝜇 3 (𝑥𝑥 )) ,min( 𝜇𝜇 2 (𝑥𝑥) ,𝜇𝜇 4 (𝑥𝑥) ) ; x ∈ U }

II.

PRELIMINA RIES

In this section first we review some concepts and definitions of soft set,fuzzy soft set, and fuzzy soft set based on reference functionfrom [9,12,13,29], which will be needed in the sequel. Remark: For the sake of simplicity we adopt the following notation of fuzzy soft set based on reference function defined in our way as: Fuzzy soft set based on reference =(F, A) rf To make the difference between the notation (F, A) defined for classical soft set or its variants as fuzzy soft set. 2.1.Definition (Soft Set [13]) Suppose that U is an initial universe set and E is a set of parameters, let P(U) denotes the power set of U.A pair(F,E) is called a soft set over U where F is a mapping given by F: E→P(U).Clearly, a soft set is a mapping from parameters to P(U),and it is not a set, but a parameterized family of subsets of the universe. 2.2. Example. Suppose that U={s1,s2,s3,s4} is a set of students and E={e1,e2,e3} is a set of parameters, which stand for result, conduct and sports performances respectively. Consider the mapping from parameters set E to the set of all subsets of power set U.Then soft set (F,E) describes the character of the students with respect to the given parameters, for finding the best student of an academic year. (F, E) = {{result = s1, s3, s4} {conduct = s1,s2 } {sports performances = s2,s3,s4 }} 2.3. Definition (FuzzySoft Set [9 , 12 ] ) Let U be an initial universe set and E be the set of parameters. Let A ⊆E .A pair (F,A) is called fuzzy soft set over U where F is a mapping given by F: A →F u ,whereF u denotes the collection of all fu zzy subsets of U. 2.4.Example. Consider the example2.2,in soft set(F,E),if s1 is mediu m in studies, we cannot expressed with only the two numbers 0 and 1,we can characterize it by a membership function instead of the crisp number 0 and 1,which associates with each element a real number in the interval [0,1].Then fuzzy soft set can describe as (F, A)={F(e1) = {(s1,0.9), (s2,0.3), (s3,0.8), (s4,0.9)}, F(e2) = {(s1,0.8), (s2,0.9), (s3,0.4), (s4,0.3)}},where A={ e1,e2}. In the following, Neog et al. [29] showed by an example Copyright © 2012 M ECS

2.8. Definition[29] Let A ( 𝜇𝜇 1, 𝜇𝜇 2 )={x, 𝜇𝜇 1 (𝑥𝑥) , 𝜇𝜇 2 (𝑥𝑥 ) ; x ∈ U } and B (𝜇𝜇 3, 𝜇𝜇 4)={x, 𝜇𝜇 3 (𝑥𝑥 ) , 𝜇𝜇 4 (𝑥𝑥) ; x ∈ U } be two fuzzy sets defined over the same universe U.The fuzzy setA (𝜇𝜇 1, 𝜇𝜇 2)is a subset of the fuzzy set B (𝜇𝜇 3,𝜇𝜇 4)if for all x ∈ U , 𝜇𝜇 1 (𝑥𝑥) ≤ 𝜇𝜇 3 (𝑥𝑥 ) and 𝜇𝜇 4 (𝑥𝑥) ≤ 𝜇𝜇 2 (𝑥𝑥) . Two fuzzy sets C={x, 𝜇𝜇 𝐶𝐶 (𝑥𝑥 ) x ∈ U }and D={x, 𝜇𝜇 𝐷𝐷 (𝑥𝑥 ); x ∈ U } in the usual definition would be expressed asC(𝜇𝜇 𝐶𝐶 , 0) ={x, 𝜇𝜇 𝐶𝐶 ( 𝑥𝑥) , 0; x ∈ U }and D ( 𝜇𝜇 𝐷𝐷 , 0) ={x, 𝜇𝜇 𝐷𝐷 (𝑥𝑥 ),0; x ∈ U } Accordingly, we have C(𝜇𝜇 𝐶𝐶 , 0) ⊆ D( 𝜇𝜇 𝐷𝐷 , 0) if for all x ∈ U, 𝜇𝜇 𝐶𝐶 (𝑥𝑥 ) ≤ 𝜇𝜇 𝐷𝐷 (𝑥𝑥) , wh ich can be obtained by putting𝜇𝜇 2 (𝑥𝑥) = 𝜇𝜇 4 (𝑥𝑥 )=0 in the new definition. 2.9 .Defintion [29] (Fuzzy soft matrices (FSMs) based on reference function) Let U be an initial universe, E be the set of parameters and A ⊆ E. Let ( 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 , E) be fu zzy soft set (FS) over U. Then a subset of U × E is uniquely defined by 𝑅𝑅𝐴𝐴 = {(u, e); e ∈ A, u ∈ 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 ( 𝑒𝑒 ) } which is called a relation form of (𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 , E).

2.7. Definition[29] For usual fuzzy setsA (𝜇𝜇 , 0)={x, 𝜇𝜇 (𝑥𝑥 ), 0 ; x ∈ U }and B ( 1, 𝜇𝜇)={x, 1 , 𝜇𝜇( 𝑥𝑥) ; x ∈ U } defined over the same universe U, we have A ( 𝜇𝜇 , 0 ) ⋂ B (1, 𝜇𝜇 )= {x, min( (𝑥𝑥 ) , 1 ) ,max(0 , 𝜇𝜇 (𝑥𝑥 )) ; x ∈ U }= {x, 𝜇𝜇( 𝑥𝑥) , 𝜇𝜇 (𝑥𝑥 ) ; x ∈ U }, which is nothing but the null set𝜑𝜑 and A (𝜇𝜇 , 0 ) ⋃ B (1, 𝜇𝜇 )= {x, max( 𝜇𝜇( 𝑥𝑥) , 1 ) ,min( 0, 𝜇𝜇( 𝑥𝑥) ) ; x ∈ U } = {x, 1, 0 ; x ∈ U }, which is nothing but the universal set U. This means if we define a fuzzy set(A (𝜇𝜇 , 0) ) 𝒄𝒄 ={x, 1, 𝜇𝜇 (𝑥𝑥 ) ; x ∈ U } it is nothing but the complement ofA ( 𝜇𝜇, 0) ={x, 𝜇𝜇 (𝑥𝑥 ) , 0 ; x ∈ U }.

I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

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On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

2.10. Example Assume that U ={u1 , u2 ,u3 ,u4 } is a universal setand E ={ e1 , e , e3 , e4 , e5 } be the set of parameters and A={e1 , e2 ,e3 } ⊆ E and

thatmi n ( 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ,𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ) ≥max ( 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ,𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ) for all i and j .Th e op erat ion o f ‘add it ion (+)’ b et ween A and B is d efined as A+ B =C ,where C= [ 𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ] 𝑚𝑚 × 𝑛𝑛 ,𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 =(max ( 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ,𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ), min ( 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) , 𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ) ) 2.14. Example Let U={ 𝑐𝑐1 ,𝑐𝑐2 , 𝑐𝑐3 ,𝑐𝑐4 } be the un iversal set and Eb e the set of parameters g iven by E={ 𝑒𝑒 1, 𝑒𝑒 2 ,𝑒𝑒 3 } We cons ider th e fu zzy soft sets based on reference funct ion. (F,E)={F( 𝑒𝑒 1)={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.3, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.5, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.6, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.5,0)},F( 𝑒𝑒 2 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.7, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.9, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.7, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.8,0)},F( 𝑒𝑒 3 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.6, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.7, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.7, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.3,0)}}. (G,E)={G( 𝑒𝑒 1)={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.8, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.7, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.5, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.4,0)}, G( 𝑒𝑒 2 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.9, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.9, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.8, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.7,0)},G( 𝑒𝑒 3 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.5, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.9, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.6, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.8,0)}}. The fu zzy soft mat rices based on reference funct ion rep resenting these t wo fu zzy soft sets are respect ively
(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎) ⎡(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)⎤ ⎡(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗, 𝟎𝟎) ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ =⎢(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)⎥,B =⎢(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎) ⎥ ⎥ ⎢(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)⎥ ⎢(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎) ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗, 𝟎𝟎) HereA+B = �( � (𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)

⁄ ⁄ ⁄ 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 ( 𝑒𝑒1 ) ={ 𝑢𝑢 1 (0.7 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 2 (0.1 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 3 (0.2 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 4 ⁄(0.6 , 0) } ⁄ ⁄ ⁄ ( ) 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 𝑒𝑒2 ={ 𝑢𝑢 1 (0.8 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 2 (0.6 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 3 (0.1 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 4 ⁄(0.5 , 0) } ⁄ ⁄ ⁄ 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 (𝑒𝑒3 ) ={ 𝑢𝑢 1 (0.1 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 2 (0.2 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 3 (0.7 , 0) , 𝑢𝑢 4 ⁄(0.3 , 0) } Then the fuzzy soft set ( 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 , E) is a parameterized ( ) 𝐴𝐴 (𝑒𝑒2 ) , 𝑓𝑓 family { 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 𝑒𝑒1 , 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 (𝑒𝑒3 ) } of all fuzzy soft sets over U. Then the relation form of ( 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 , E) is written as 𝑅𝑅𝐴𝐴
u1 u2 u3 u4 e1 (0.7, 0) (0.1, 0) (0.2, 0) (0.6, 0)

TABLE 1.The relation form of ( 𝑓𝑓 𝐴𝐴 , E)
e2 (0.8, 0) (0.6, 0) (0.1, 0) (0.5, 0) e3 (0.1, 0) (0.2, 0) (0.7, 0) (0.3, 0) e4 (0, 0) (0, 0) (0, 0) (0, 0)

Hence,the fuzzy soft matrix representing this fuzzy soft set would be represented as A=
(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎, 𝟎𝟎) � � (𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎, 𝟎𝟎)

A

2.12. Definition [29] Let the fuzzy soft matrices corresponding to the fuzzy soft sets (F,E), and (G,E) beA=[ aij ] ∈ FSM m ×n , and bij B=[ bij ]where aij = ( μj1 (ci ) , μj2 (ci ) ) =( χj1 (ci ) , χj2 (ci ) ),i =1,2,3,…, m ;j =1,2,3,…,n ;Then Aand Bare called fuzzy soft equal matrices denoted byA=B, if 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) = 𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) and 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) = 𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 1 ( 𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) for all i,j. In [13], the ‘add it ion (+)’ op eration bet ween t wo fu zzy soft mat rices is defined as fo llo ws 2.13. Definition [29] Let U={ 𝑐𝑐1 , 𝑐𝑐2 ,𝑐𝑐3 , … . . , 𝑐𝑐𝑚𝑚 } be the un iversal set and Ebe th e set of parameters g iven by E={ 𝑒𝑒 1, 𝑐𝑐2 ,𝑒𝑒 3 , … . . , 𝑒𝑒 𝑛𝑛 }.Let the set of all m× n fu zzy soft matrices ov er U b e FSM 𝑚𝑚 × 𝑛𝑛 . Let A , B ∈ FSM m ×n ,where A= [ 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ] 𝑚𝑚 × 𝑛𝑛 , 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = and B= [ 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ] 𝑚𝑚 × 𝑛𝑛 , 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ( 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) , 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ) =( 𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ,𝜒𝜒 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ).To avoid degenerate cases we assume Copyright © 2012 M ECS

2.11. Definition[29 ] We define the membership value matrix corresponding to the matrix A as MV(A) =[ 𝛿𝛿𝑗𝑗𝑗𝑗 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 )] Where 𝛿𝛿(𝐴𝐴)𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) - 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) i= 1,2,3,…,m and j =1,2,3…..,n ,where 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) and 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) represent the fuzzy membership function and fuzzy reference function respectively of𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 in the fuzzy set F( 𝑒𝑒𝑗𝑗 ).

III. FUZZY SOFT COMPLEM ENT MATRIX BASED ON REFERENCE FUNCTION In this section ,westart by introducing the notion of the fuzzy soft complement matrix based on reference function,and we prove some formal properties. 3.1. Definition Let A= �(aij , 0)�

definition in [26], then A is calledfuzzy soft complement for all aij ∈ [0 , 1]. matrix if Ac = �(1 , aij )� 3.2 .Example
m ×n

m ×n

c

∈ FSM m ×n

according to the

� be fuzzy soft matrix based on Let A = �( 0.1, 0)(0.6,0) reference function, then the complement of this matrix is �. 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 = � ( 1, 0.1)(1, 0.6) (1, 0.7)(1, 0.8)

(0.7, 0)(0.8,0)

3.3. Proposition

Let A, B be two fuzzy soft matrix based on fuzzy reference function .Then (i) (𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 ) 𝑇𝑇 = ( 𝐴𝐴𝑇𝑇 )𝑐𝑐 (1)

I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

55

Proof: To show (i) ( 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 )𝑇𝑇 = ( 𝐴𝐴𝑇𝑇 )𝑐𝑐

(ii) ( 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 + 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 )𝑇𝑇 = ( 𝐴𝐴𝑇𝑇 )𝑐𝑐 +( 𝐵𝐵 𝑇𝑇 )𝑐𝑐

(2)

and

fu zzy so ft matrices trA= (max 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ,min 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 )
′ ) trB= (max 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ,min 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖

we have

We have, let A ∈ 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝑚𝑚 × 𝑛𝑛 , then A= [( 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ,𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 2 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ] 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 = [ 1 , 𝜇𝜇 𝑗𝑗 1 (𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 ) ] ( 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 )𝑇𝑇 = [ 1 , 𝜇𝜇 𝑖𝑖1 (𝑐𝑐𝑗𝑗 ) ] For 𝐴𝐴𝑇𝑇 = [( 𝜇𝜇 𝑖𝑖1 (𝑐𝑐𝑗𝑗 ) ,𝜇𝜇 𝑖𝑖2 (𝑐𝑐𝑗𝑗 ) ], ( 𝐴𝐴𝑇𝑇 )𝑐𝑐 = [ 1 , 𝜇𝜇 𝑖𝑖1 (𝑐𝑐𝑗𝑗 ) ] Hen ce ( 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 )𝑇𝑇 = (𝐴𝐴𝑇𝑇 ) 𝑐𝑐

then

Following the defin it ion o f add it ion of t wo fu zzy soft mat rices, we hav e ′ )) 𝐶𝐶𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = (max( 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 , 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ),min(𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ,𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖

A+B= C where C=[ 𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ]

According to definition 4.1 the trace of fuzzy soft matrixbased on reference function would be:

The proof of (ii) follows similar lines as above. 3.4. Example 𝟎𝟎
. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎) Let A=�( �, B=� � (𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎) 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑) 𝑐𝑐 (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒) 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 =�( �, 𝐵𝐵 =� � (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒) (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐) (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏) � � (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)

0.2)(1,0.1) (1, 0.5)(1, 0.6) 𝑇𝑇 𝑐𝑐 𝑇𝑇 𝑐𝑐 (𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 )𝑇𝑇 =�(1, �, (𝐵𝐵𝑐𝑐 )𝑇𝑇 = � �, (𝐴𝐴 ) +(𝐵𝐵 ) = (1, 0.3)(1,0.4) (1, 0.4)(1, 0.2)

′ )}] tr (C) = [ max {max( 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 , 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ) }, min {min( 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 , 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ′ )}] = [ max {max( 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ) ,max( 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 )} , min {min(𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ), min( 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 = trA+trB, Conversely, trA+trB = [ max {max( 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ) ,max( 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 )} , min {(min( 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ), ′ ))}] min(𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ′ )}] = [ max {max( 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 , 𝑏𝑏𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ), min (min( 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ,𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 =tr(A+B) hence the resulttrA+trB =tr(A+B)

4.3. Example: Let us consider the following two fuzzy soft matrices A and Bbased on reference function for illustration purposes A =�(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)�andB= �(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟖𝟖,𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎)�
(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)

Then 𝐴𝐴

+ 𝐵𝐵 = 𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐

(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑) � � (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)

, ( 𝐴𝐴 + 𝐵𝐵 ) = 𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐

𝑇𝑇

(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏) � � (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)

(𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 + 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 )𝑇𝑇 = ( 𝐴𝐴𝑇𝑇 )𝑐𝑐 +( 𝐵𝐵 𝑇𝑇 )𝑐𝑐.

IV. TRA CE OF FUZZY SOFT MATRIXBASED ON REFERENCE FUNCTION In this section we extend the concept of trace of fuzzy square matrix proposed M. Dhar[26] to fuzzy soft square matrix based on reference function, and we prove some formal properties. 4.1. Definition Let A be a square matrix. Then the trace ofthe matrix A is denoted by tr A and is defined as: trA= (max( 𝜇𝜇 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ),min(𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 )) (3)

The addition of two soft matrices would be: A+B = �(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)�
(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)

Using the defin it ion of trace of fu zzy soft matrices, we see the following results: tr A = { max(0.3, 0.5, 0.4), min (0, 0, 0)}=(0.5 , 0) tr B = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8), min (0, 0, 0)}=(1 , 0) Thus we have trA+trB = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8) , min (0, 0, 0)}=(1 , 0) And tr (A+B) = { max(1, 0.5, 0.8) , min (0, 0, 0)}= (1, 0) Hence the result trA+trB =tr(A+B) 4.4.Proposition Let A = [ 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 , 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ] ∈ FSM 𝑚𝑚 × 𝑛𝑛 be fuzzy soft squarematrix of order n, if 𝜆𝜆 is a scalar such that 0 ≤ 𝜆𝜆 ≤ 1 . Then

where μii stands for the membership functions lying along the principal diagonal and rii refers to the reference function of the corresponding membership functions. 4.2. Proposition Let A and B be t wo fu zzy softsquare matrices each of order n. Then tr (A+B) =t rA+ trB (4) proof. We h ave fro m th e p roposed defin it ion o f trace o f Copyright © 2012 M ECS

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56

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

tr( 𝜆𝜆 A)= 𝜆𝜆 tr(A)

(5)

soft matrices based on reference function, we have. 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 + 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 = �(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)�
(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒) (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)

4.5. Example

proof. to prove tr(𝜆𝜆 A) = 𝜆𝜆trA0 ≤ 𝜆𝜆 ≤ 1 we have tr(𝜆𝜆 A) ={ max( 𝜆𝜆𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ), min ( 𝜆𝜆𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 )} =𝜆𝜆{ max( 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ), min(𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 )} = 𝜆𝜆tr (A) Let A = �(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)�and 𝜆𝜆 =0.5
(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)

tr (𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 + 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 ) ={max(1,1,1),min (0.3, 0.5, 0.4)} = (1, 0.3) V. NEW FUZZY SOFT MATRIX THEORY IN DECISION MAKING

Then

4.6. Proposition:

tr(𝜆𝜆 A) = { max(0.15, 0.25, 0.20), min ( (0, 0, 0)} = (0.25,0) Again tr A=(0.5,0) and hence tr(𝜆𝜆 A) =0.5 (0.5, 0) = (0.25,0) Let A =[ 𝑎𝑎𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 , 𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ] ∈ FSM 𝑚𝑚 × 𝑛𝑛 be fuzzy soft square matrices each of order n . Then trA=tr( 𝐴𝐴𝑡𝑡 ),where 𝐴𝐴𝑡𝑡 is the transpose of A Let 𝐴𝐴𝑡𝑡 =�(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)�
(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎) 𝜆𝜆

A =� (𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐 ,𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐 , 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎)�
(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 , 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 , 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐 , 𝟎𝟎)

(𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 , 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒 , 𝟎𝟎)

In th is section we adopted the defin it ion o f fu zzy soft mat rix decis ion method p roposed by P. Rajarajes wari,P. Dh analaks h mi in [30] to the case of fu zzy soft mat rix based on referen ce funct ion in o rder to define a new fu zzy soft mat rix decis ion method based on reference funct ion . 5.1. Definition: (Value Matrix) Let A =[ a ij , 0 ] ∈ [ FSM ] m ×n .Then we defin e the value mat rix of fu zzy soft matrix A based on reference funct ion as V(A )=[ a ij ] =[ a ij - r ij ], i=1, 2, ,….,m , j= 1,2,3,…, n, where r ij = [ 0] m ×n . 5.2. Definition:(Score Matrix) If A =[ a ij ] ∈ FSM,B=[ bij ] ∈ [ FSM ] m ×n .Th en we define sco re matrix of A and B as : s A ,B =[ dij ]mxn where [ dij ]=V(A )-V(B)

4.7.Example

Then tr( 𝐴𝐴𝑡𝑡 )= { max(0.3, 0.5, 0.4) , min (0, 0, 0)} =(0.5, 0) HencetrA=tr( 𝐴𝐴𝑡𝑡 )
(𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)(𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖) (𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔)(𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒)

5.3. Definition:(Total Score) If A =[ a ij , 0 ] ∈ [ FSM ] m ×n ,B=[ bij , 0 ] ∈ [ FSM ] m ×n .Let the correspond ing valu e mat rices be V(A ),V(B) and their score matrix is s A,B =[ dij ] mxn then we define total score fo r each ci in U as s i = ∑ n j=1 dij .

The same result will hold if we consider the complements of fuzzy soft square matrices. 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 = �(𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎.𝟒𝟒)(𝟏𝟏 ,𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)�

tr 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 ={max (1, 1, 1), min (0.3, 0.5, 0.4)}=(1, 0.3) If we consider another fuzzy soft matriceB: B = � (𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖,𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓,𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟐𝟐,𝟎𝟎) �
(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎) (𝟏𝟏 , 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)

Then the trace of 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 will be the following: tr(𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 )={max(1,1,1),min (1, 0.5, 0.8)}=(1, 0.5) Copyright © 2012 M ECS 𝐵𝐵

𝑐𝑐 = � (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎.𝟐𝟐) �
(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖)

(𝟏𝟏, 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)

Following the definition 2.13 of addition of two fuzzy

I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

Methodology and algorith m Assume th at there is a set of candid ates( p rog rammer), U={ c1 , c2 , ,…, cn } is a set of cand idates to be recru ited by soft ware develop ment org anizat ion in p rogrammer post.Let E is a set of paramet ers related to innovat ive att itude o f the prog rammer. We construct fu zzy soft set (F,E)over U rep resent the select ion o f cand idate by field expert X,where F is a mapp ing F:E→ F u , F u is the collection o f all fu zzy subsets of U. We further construct another fu zzy soft set (G,E)over Urepresent the select ion o f cand idat e by field expert Y,where G is a mapp ing G:E → 𝐹𝐹𝑢𝑢 , 𝐹𝐹𝑢𝑢 is the co llection of all fu zzy subsets of U.The mat ricesA and B corresponding to the fu zzy softsets (F,E) and (G,E) are constructed,we co mpute the co mp lementsand theirmatrices 𝐴𝐴 𝑐𝑐 and 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 corresponding to (F, E) 𝑐𝑐 and (G, E) 𝑐𝑐 respectively . Co mpute A +B wh ich is themaxi mu m memb ersh ip o f select ion of cand idat es by the judges. Co mpute 𝐴𝐴 𝑐𝑐 + 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 wh ich is the maxi mu m membership o f non selection o f cand idat es by the judges. us ingdef (5.1) ,Co mpute V(A +B),V( 𝐴𝐴 𝑐𝑐 + 𝐵𝐵 𝑐𝑐 ) 𝑠𝑠 ((𝐴𝐴 +𝐵𝐵 ),( 𝐴𝐴𝑐𝑐 +𝐵𝐵𝑐𝑐 )) and the total

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

57

score 𝑆𝑆𝑖𝑖 for each cand idate in U.Finally find 𝑆𝑆𝑗𝑗 = max( 𝑆𝑆𝑖𝑖 ),then conclud e that the cand id ate 𝑐𝑐𝑗𝑗 has selected by the judg es.If 𝑆𝑆𝑗𝑗 has mo re than on e v alu e the process is repeated by reassessing the parameters. No w, us ing defin it ions 5-1, 5-2 and 5-3 we can construct a fu zzy soft matrix decis ion making method based on reference funct ion by the fo llo wing algo rith m. Alg ori thm Step1 :Input th e fu zzy soft set (F, E), (G,E) and obtain the fu zzy soft mat rices A ,B correspond ing to (F,E) and (G, E) respectiv ely. Step2 :W rite the fu zzy soft co mplement set (F, E) c , (G, E) c and obtain the fu zzy soft mat rices Ac , B c corresponding to (F, E) c ,and (G, E) c respect ively. Step3 : Co mpute (A +B),( Ac + B c ), V(A +B),V( Ac + B c ) and s ((A +B),( A c + B c )) . Step4 : Co mpute the total score S i for each ci in U. Step5 : Find ci fo r wh ich max ( S i ) .

Then the add it ion mat rices are 𝑐𝑐
𝑐𝑐 ⎢ ⎥ ⎥ A+B= ⎢ ⎢(0.2, 0)(0.6, 0)(0.7, 0) ⎥,𝐴𝐴 + 𝐵𝐵 = ⎢(1, 0.1)(1, 0.5)(1, 0.6) ⎥
⎢(0.4, 0)(0.8, 0)(0.5, 0) ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 ⎡ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔 𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕 ⎥ ⎢ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒 𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢(1, 0.3)(1, 0.7)(1, 0.5) ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ (0.2, 0)(0.6, 0)(0.5, 0) ⎡(0.6, 0)(0.5, 0)(0.8, 0) ⎤ (1, 0.1)(1, 0.6)(1, 0.5) ⎡(1, 0.5)(1, 0.4)(1, 0.7) ⎤

V(A +B) =

,V( 𝐴𝐴 + 𝐵𝐵 ) = 𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐 𝟎𝟎

. 𝟗𝟗 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 ⎡𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟗𝟗 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒 ⎥ ⎢ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥

Calcu late the score matrix and the total sco re for select ion 𝑠𝑠
( (𝐴𝐴 + 𝐵𝐵 ),( 𝐴𝐴 𝑐𝑐 + 𝐵𝐵𝑐𝑐 ))

=

−𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐 𝟎𝟎 ⎡𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏 − 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 ⎤ ⎢ −𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 𝟎𝟎 ⎥ ⎢ −𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑 ⎢ ⎥ ⎡ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ −𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓 ⎤ ⎥ −𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑 ⎥ 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐 ⎥ ⎥

Total score =

Then we con clud e that the cand idate 𝑐𝑐𝑖𝑖 is selected for the post. Incase max 𝑆𝑆𝑖𝑖 occurs for more than one v alu e, then repeatthe pro cess by reassessing the parameters. Case S tudy

We see that the second candidate has the maximu m value and thus conclude that from both the expert’s opinion, candidate𝑐𝑐2 is selected for the post. VI. CONCLUSIONS In ou r work, we hav e put fo rward so me new concepts such as co mp lement , t race o f fu zzy soft mat rix based on reference fun ction . So me related properties have been established with examp le. Finally an applicat ion of fu zzy soft mat rix based on reference funct ion in decis ion making p roblem is given . It ‘s hoped that ou r work will enhance th is study in fu zzy soft mat rix.

Let (F,E) and (G,E) be t wo fu zzy so ft set based on reference funct ion rep resenting the select ion o f four cand idat es fro m the un iversal set U= { c1 , c2 ,c3 , c4 } by the experts X,and Y.Let E = { e 1 , e 2 , e 3 } be the set of parameters wh ich stand fo r intelligence,innovat ive and analysis . (F,E)={F( 𝑒𝑒 1)={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.1, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.5, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.1, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.4,0)},F( 𝑒𝑒 2 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.6, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.4, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.5, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.7,0)},F( 𝑒𝑒 3 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.5, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.7, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.6, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 , 0.5, 0)}}. (G,E)={G( 𝑒𝑒 1)={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.2, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.6, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.2, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.3,0)}, G( 𝑒𝑒 2 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.6, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.5, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.6, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.8,0)}, ,G( 𝑒𝑒 3 )={( 𝑐𝑐1 ,0.5, 0) ),( 𝑐𝑐2 ,0.8, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐3 , 0.7, 0), ( 𝑐𝑐4 ,0.5,0)}}.

VII. ACKNOW LEDGM ENTS The authors wou ld like to than k the anony mous rev iewers fo r their carefu l read ing o f th is paper and for their help fu l co mments.

REFERENCES [1] Zad eh Lo t fiAh med . Fu zzy Sets , In fo rmat ion an d Co nt ro l, 8 (19 65), p p. 33 8-3 53. [2] Krass i mirA tan assov . Int u it ion ist ic fu zzy sets , Fu zzy Sets an d Syst ems , 20, (19 86), pp .87- 96. [3] Krass i mirA tan assov . Int u it ion ist ic fu zzy sets , Theo ry and A pp licat ions , Phys ica -Verlag , W y rzbu rg, 199 9. [4] M ichael G. Tho mas on .Co nv erg en ce o f po wers o f a fu zzy mat rix, J. M ath A n al.A pp l. 57 (1 977), p p .476-4 80. [5] I.Bu rhan Tu rks en. Int erv al v alu ed fu zzy s ets bas ed on n o rmal fo rms . Fu zzy Sets and

These t wo fu zzy soft sets based on reference funct ion are rep resented by th e follo wing fu zzy soft mat rices based on referen ce funct ion respect ively
(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎) ⎡(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)⎥ ⎢(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟒𝟒, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)⎥ ⎢ ⎥ (𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎. )(𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎) ⎡ (𝟎𝟎 . 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎) ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ (𝟎𝟎 . 𝟐𝟐, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟔𝟔, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕, 𝟎𝟎) ⎥ ⎢ (𝟎𝟎 . 𝟑𝟑, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎 . 𝟖𝟖, 𝟎𝟎)(𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓, 𝟎𝟎) ⎥ ⎢ ⎥

A=

B=

Then, th e fu zzy soft co mp lement matricesbased on reference funct ion are 𝑐𝑐
⎢ ⎥ ⎥ 𝐴𝐴 𝑐𝑐 =⎢ ⎢(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔)⎥, 𝐵𝐵 =⎢(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕)⎥
⎢(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟑𝟑)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)⎥ ⎢ ⎥ (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟏𝟏)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓) ⎡(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟒𝟒)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟕𝟕)⎤ (𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟐𝟐)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓) ⎡(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟔𝟔)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟓𝟓)(𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟎. 𝟖𝟖)⎤

Copyright © 2012 M ECS

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On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

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[23]

[24]

[25]

[26]

[27]

[28]

[29]

[30]

in Co mp ut er Science Vo lu me 70 02 ( 20 11), p p . 618- 62 7. Baru ah He mant a Ku mar. The Theo ry o f Fu zzy Sets : Beliefs an d Realit ies , In ternat io nal Jou rnal o f En erg y , In fo rmat ion an d Co mmu n icat io ns, Vo l. 2, Issu e 2, (20 11), pp . 1-2 2. Baru ah He mant a Ku mar. To wards Fo r min g A Field Of Fu zzy Sets , Internat io nal Jou rnal o f En ergy , In fo rmat ion and Co mmu n icat ions , Vo l. 2, Issue 1 (20 11), p p. 16-2 0. Baru ah He mant a Ku mar. Fu zzy M e mb ersh ip wit h respect to a Referen ce Fun ct io n , Jo u rn al of t he Assam Scien ce Societ y , 40( 3)(19 99), pp .65-73. M a mon iDh ar. Rep res ent at ion o f Fu zzy M at rices Based on Referen ce Fun ct io n , I.J. In tellig ent Syst ems and Ap p licat io ns,02(2 01 3), p p.84- 90 , D OI: 10.5 81 5/ ijis a.20 13.0 2.10. M a mon iDh ar.A Not e o n Det er min ant and Ad jo in t o f Fu zzy Sq uare M at ri x, I.J. In tellig ent Syste ms and Ap p licat ions , 05(2 01 3), p p.58- 67 ,D OI: 10.5 81 5/ ijis a.20 13.0 5.07. Neog Trid ivJyo t i,Sut Dus mant aKu mar. Fu zzy So ft Sets fro m a New Persp ect iv eInt . J Lat est Tren ds Co mp ut ing , Vo l-2 No 3 ( 201 1) , pp .439-4 50. Neog Trid ivJyo t i,Sut Dus mant aKu mar,M . Bo ra.o n Fu zzy So ft M at ri x Theo ry , In ternat io nal Jou rnal of M ath e mat ical A rch iv e ISS N 2 229- 50 46, 3(2)v (20 12),p p .491-5 00. P. Rajarajes wari, P. Dh an alaks h mi, “Int u it ion ist ic Fu zzy So ft M at ri x Theo ry A nd Its A pp licat io n In Decis ion M aking ,Internat io nal Jo u rn al o f En g ineering Res earch & Techn o lo gy (IJERT), ISSN :22 78- 01 81, Vo l. 2 Iss ue 4 ( 20 13), pp .110 0-11 11.

Dr. FlorentinS marandacheis a Professor of Mathematics at the University of New Mexico in USA. He published over 75 books and 200 articles and notes in mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, rebus, literature. In mathematics his research is in number theory, non-Euclidean geomet ry, synthetic geometry, algebraic structures, statistics, neutrosophic logic and set (generalizations of fuzzy logic and set respectively), neutrosophic probability (generalizat ion of classical and imp recise probability).A lso, small contributions to nuclear and particle physics, informat ion fusion, neutrosophy (a generalization of dialectics), law of sensations and stimu li, etc. He got the 2010 Telesio-Galilei Academy of Science Go ld Medal,

I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

On Fu zzy Soft Matrix Based on Reference Function

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Adjunct Professor (equivalent to Doctor HonorisCausa) of Beijing Jiaotong University in 2011, and 2011 Ro manian Academy Award for Technical Science (the highest in the country). Dr. W. B. VasanthaKandasamy and Dr.Flo rentinSmarandache got the 2012 and 2011 New Mexico-Arizona Book Award for A lgebraic Structures.

Said Broumi is an Admin istrator of Hassan II university Mohammedia- Casablanca. He worked in University for five years. He received his M.Sc in Industrial Automatic fro m Hassan II University Ainchok- Casablanca. His research concentrates on soft set theory, fuzzy theory, intuition istic fuzzy theory ,neutrosophic theory, control systems .

Mamoni Dhar is an Assistant Professor in the department of Mathematics, Science College, Kokrajhar, Assam, India. She received M.Sc degree fro m Gauhati University, M.Ph il degree from Madurai Kamraj University, B.Ed fro m Gauhati University and PGDIM fro m India Gandhi National Open University. Her research interest is in Fuzzy Mathematics. She has published eighteen articles in different national and international journals .

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I.J. In formation Engineering and Electronic Business, 2013, 2, 52-59

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