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2012 Mathematical Methods (CAS) Exam 2

# 2012 Mathematical Methods (CAS) Exam 2

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2012 Mathematical Methods (CAS) Exam 2
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# Victorian Certificate of Education 2012

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SUPERVISOR TO ATTACH PROCESSING LABEL HERE

Letter

MATHEMATICAL METHODS (CAS) Written examination 2
Thursday 8 November 2012
Reading time: 11.45 am to 12.00 noon (15 minutes) Writing time: 12.00 noon to 2.00 pm (2 hours)

Structure of book
Section Number of questions Number of questions to be answered Number of marks

1 2

22 5

22 5

22 58 Total 80

© VICTORIAN CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY 2012

2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2

2

SECTION 1 Instructions for Section 1
Answer all questions in pencil on the answer sheet provided for multiple-choice questions. Choose the response that is correct for the question. A correct answer scores 1, an incorrect answer scores 0. Marks will not be deducted for incorrect answers. No marks will be given if more than one answer is completed for any question.

Question 1 πx The function with rule  f (x) = –3 sin    has period  5  A.   3 B.   5 C. 10 D. E.

π 5 π 10

Question 2 For the function with rule  f (x) = x3 – 4x, the average rate of change of  f (x) with respect to x on the interval [1, 3] is A. 1 B. 3 C. 5 D. 6 E. 9 Question 3 The range of the function  f :[–2, 3) → R,  f (x) = x2 – 2x – 8 is A. R B. (−9, –5] C. (–5, 0) D. [−9, 0] E. [–9, –5)

SECTION 1 – continued

f  (x) = tan  2  x −   2    1 π  E. maximal domain = R\{2} and range = R C. ∞) and range = [0.3 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 Question 4 Given that g is a differentiable function and k is a real number. ∞) D. maximal domain = [2. ∞) E. e g′(ekx) k Question 5 Let the rule for a function g be g  (x) = loge((x – 2)2). f (x) = tan  x −  4    π  C. maximal domain = R+ and range = R B. For the function g. the derivative of the composite function g  (ekx) is A. f (x) = tan (x) π  B. maximal domain = [2. kg  (ekx) C. ∞) Question 6 A section of the graph of  f is shown below. ∞) and range = (0. kekx g  (ekx) D. f  (x) = tan  2  x −   4      π  D. the A. f  (x) = tan   x −   2   2 SECTION 1 – continued TURN OVER . kekx g′(ex) 1 kx E. y 3π − 4 − π 2 − π 4 O π 4 π 2 x The rule of  f could be A. maximal domain = R\{2} and range = (–2. kg′(ekx) ekx B.

is A. 0) ∪ (q. n) C.4. 9 C. 32 °C Question 8 The function  f : R → R. ∞) B.046 SECTION 1 – continued . (– ∞. 24] → R.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 4 Question 7 The temperature. ( p. 12 °C C. we have f (p) = f (q) = 0 and f ′(m) = f ′(n) = 0. q) Question 9 The normal to the graph of y = b − x 2 has a gradient of 3 when x = 1. 1. ∞) D. f (x) = ax3 + bx2 + cx.164 C. m) ∪ (n. ( p. m) ∪ (0. to three decimal places. ( p.   4 D. For the real numbers p < m < 0 < n < q. 1.339 E. 11 Question 10 The average value of the function f : [0. The gradient of the graph of y = f (x) is negative for A. 10 E. T(t) = 22 – 10 cos  ( t − 2 )    12 The average temperature inside the building between 2 am and 2 pm is A. a] is 0.850 B. q) E. The value of a. 0. 20 °C D. f (x) = sin2(x) over the interval [0. − 9 10 B. 22 °C E. The value of b is 10 A. (m. 2π] → R. 4. where a is a negative real number and b and c are real numbers. 1. inside a building t hours after midnight is given by the function  π f :[0. 10 °C B.298 D. T °C.

35 15 B. 251. 5 7 SECTION 1 – continued TURN OVER . 249. If she loses a game.82 Question 13 A and B are events of a sample space S.5 D. 253.5 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 Question 11 The weights of bags of flour are normally distributed with mean 252 g and standard deviation 12 g. 29 14 C.35 C.6. If she wins a game. the probability that she will win the next game is 0. 35 29 D. 0. Pr(A ∩ B) = Pr(B′ |A) is equal to 6 A.49 E.7.42 D. 35 2 E. 255. 3 2 3 and Pr(A ∩ B′ ) = . 0. The manufacturer says that 40% of bags weigh more than x g. The maximum possible value of x is closest to A. 0. 0.33 B. The probability that she will win exactly one of her next two games is A. the probability that she will lose the next game is 0.0 Question 12 Demelza is a badminton player.5 C. 0. Demelza has just won a game. 254.5 E.0 B.

as shown. In order to find an approximation to the area of the region bounded by the graph of  f.  f (x) = x is shown below. y 4 3 2 1 O Zoe’s approximation to the area of the region is A. Zoe draws four rectangles.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 6 Question 14 The graph of  f : R+∪{0} → R. 21 C. 30 64 E. 3 y= x x SECTION 1 – continued . and calculates their total area. the y-axis and the line y = 4. 29 D. 14 B.

7 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 Question 15 If  f ′(x) = 3x2 – 4. 3 < c < 8 B. c < –8 SECTION 1 – continued TURN OVER . y x x C. y x Question 16 The graph of a cubic function  f has a local maximum at (a. are A. The values of c. –3) and a local minimum at (b. which one of the following graphs could represent the graph of y = f (x)? A. –8 < c < –3 D. such that the equation  f (x) + c = 0 has exactly one solution. c < 3 or c > 8 E. y B. y x x E. c > –3 or c < –8 C. –8). y D.

0). where b < 0. m ∈ {1. 1 – p2 C. f (π – θ ) = –f (θ ) and  f (π – θ ) = –f (–θ ) A possible rule for  f  is A. 1 – p + p2 B. The gradient of the tangent is E. f (x) = cos (x) C. 3} Question 18 The tangent to the graph of y = loge(x) at the point (a. p – p2 D. 2p – p2 E. m ∈ R\{1} E. m = 1 B. m ∈ {1. –3} D. (1 – p)2 SECTION 1 – continued . The gradient of the tangent is positive C. f (x) = tan (x) x D. 1 < a < e B. Which of the following is false? A. f (x) = sin    2   E. f (x) = sin (x) B. where k is a non-negative integer. loge(a)) crosses the x-axis at the point (b. a > 0 1 a Question 19 A function  f  has the following two properties for all real values of θ . a > e D. Pr(X > 1) is equal to A.      The system of equations will have no solution when A. f (x) = tan (2x) Question 20 A discrete random variable X has the probability function Pr(X = k) = (1 – p)kp. m = –3 C.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 8 Question 17 A system of simultaneous linear equations is represented by the matrix equation 3   x  1  m  1 m + 2  y  = m  .

when h = 5 is A. of water in a container is given by V = πh3 where h cm is the depth of water in the 3 container at time t minutes. The rate of decrease of h. d ) C. 12 π 4 π C. where a < 0 and b > 0. local minima at (a + 2. B. b). d ) B. local maxima at (a + 2. The graph of y = –  | f (x – 2)| has A. in cm/min. – d ) and (a + 2. d ). – d ) D. Water is draining from the container at a constant rate of 300 cm3/min. a local minimum at (a – 2. a local minimum at (a – 2. –b) END OF SECTION 1 TURN OVER . V cm3. –b) and a local maximum at (a – 2. b) and (c + 2. 60 π E. –b) and a local maximum at (c – 2. where c > 0 and d < 0. and a local minimum at (c. –b) and (c + 2. – d ) E. 25π D.9 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 Question 21 1 The volume. local minima at (c + 2. 30π Question 22 The graph of a differentiable function  f has a local maximum at (a.

In questions where more than one mark is available. h = 6480 − 5 x 2 . Unless otherwise indicated. the diagrams in this book are not drawn to scale. h cm x cm 5x cm 2 The block has a total surface area of 6480 sq cm. Question 1 A solid block in the shape of a rectangular prism has a base of width x cm. 7x 2 marks SECTION 2 – Question 1 – continued . The length of the base is two-and-a-half times the width of the base. a. Show that if the height of the block is h cm.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 10 SECTION 2 Instructions for Section 2 Answer all questions in the spaces provided. In all questions where a numerical answer is required an exact value must be given unless otherwise specified. appropriate working must be shown.

Find the exact values of x and h if the block is to have maximum volume. where a and b are real numbers. 14 Given that V(x) > 0 and x > 0. find the possible values of x. expressing your answer in the form = ax2 + b. dx dx 3 marks d. Find dV dV . of the block is given by V (x) = 5 x(6480 − 5 x 2 ) . The volume.11 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 b. 2 marks c. V cm3. 2 marks SECTION 2 – continued TURN OVER .

Using the result of part ii. y O x 3 marks b. 1 + 3. 2x − 4 Sketch the graph of y = f (x) on the set of axes below.  f (x) = a. 1 + 1 + 1 = 3 marks SECTION 2 – Question 2 – continued . explain why  f has no stationary points. iii. Label the axes intercepts with their coordinates and label each of the asymptotes with its equation. Find  f ′(x).2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 12 Question 2 Let  f : R\{2} → R. ii. State the range of  f ′. i.

show that the equation of the tangent to y = f (x) at this point can be written as (2p – 4)2(y – 3) = –2x + 4p – 4. q) is any point on the graph of y = f (x). If ( p. 2 marks SECTION 2 – Question 2 – continued TURN OVER .13 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 c.

Find the coordinates of the points on the graph of y = f (x) such that the tangents to the graph at these 7  points intersect at  −1. 2  4 marks SECTION 2 – Question 2 – continued .2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 14 d.  .

c and d. 2 marks SECTION 2 – continued TURN OVER .15 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 e. c and d are non-zero real numbers. g  (x) = Find the values of a. where a. A transformation T: R2 → R2 that maps the graph of  f  to the graph of the function 1 has rule T x x y = a0 01 x c . + y d g: R\{0} → R.

to four decimal places. Find. B. n. Use the fact that the variance of X is 75 to show that the value of n is 25. 16 1 + 2 + 1 = 4 marks SECTION 2 – Question 3 – continued . C or D at random. where n is a number greater than 20. i. Each set has the same number of questions. a. Let the random variable X be the number of questions that Steve answers correctly in a particular set. Each student is to answer several sets of multiple-choice questions.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 16 Question 3 Steve. Steve decides to guess the answer to every question. B. of which only one is correct. What is the probability that Steve will answer the first three questions of this set correctly? ii. so that for each question he chooses A. Katerina and Jess are three students who have agreed to take part in a psychology experiment. the probability that Steve will answer at least 10 of the first 20 questions of this set correctly. iii. C or D). For each question there are four possible options (A.

Find the probability that Katerina will answer Question 25 correctly. the probability that she will answer the next question 4 incorrectly is 2 . Give your answer correct to four decimal places. ii. Katerina answers Question 1 incorrectly. 3 + 2 = 5 marks SECTION 2 – Question 3 – continued TURN OVER .17 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 If Katerina answers a question correctly. 3 In a particular set. b. Calculate the probability that Katerina will answer Questions 3. the probability that she will answer the next question correctly is 3 . i. If she answers a question incorrectly. 4 and 5 correctly.

Let the random variable Y be the number of questions that Jess answers correctly in any set of 25. Pr(Y ≥ 18) = Pr(W ≥ 20) and also Pr(Y ≥ 22) = Pr(W ≥ 25). that any student takes to answer each set of 25 questions is another random variable. in minutes. 5 If Pr(Y > 23) = 6Pr(Y = 25). is p (p > 0). for Jess. W. The probability that Jess will answer any question correctly. correct to three decimal places. 4 marks SECTION 2 – continued . 6 2 marks d. It turns out that. Calculate the values of a and b.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 18 c. which is normally distributed with mean a and standard deviation b. it has been found that the time. independently of her answer to any other question. From these sets of 25 questions being completed by many students. show that the value of p is .

The emerald is on a shelf. with a height of 10 metres and a diameter of 4 metres (as shown below). of the surface of the liquid in terms of h ii. find the radius. The tank has a poisonous liquid in it. Tasmania has heard that the emerald has been hidden in a tank shaped like an inverted cone. show that the volume of the liquid in the tank is π h3 3 m. 75 1 + 1 = 2 marks SECTION 2 – Question 4 – continued TURN OVER . 4m rm 10 m hm 2m shelf tap a. searching for the Quetzalotl tribe’s valuable emerald that has been stolen and hidden by a neighbouring tribe.19 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 Question 4 Tasmania Jones is in the jungle. If the depth of the liquid in the tank is h metres i. r metres.

h metres. 1600 where t minutes is the length of time after the tap is turned on until the tank is empty. 1 mark c. the depth of the liquid in the tank ii.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 20 The tank has a tap at its base that allows the liquid to run out of it. of the liquid in the tank is given by h = 10 + 1 (t 3 − 1200t ). find i. When the tap is turned on. The tank is initially full. Show that the tank is empty when t = 20. When t = 5 minutes. correct to one decimal place. the rate at which the volume of the liquid is decreasing. the liquid flows out of the tank at such a rate that the depth. b. 1 + 3 = 4 marks SECTION 2 – Question 4 – continued .

As soon as the tank is empty. How long. From the moment the liquid starts to flow from the tank. in minutes. The shelf on which the emerald is placed is 2 metres above the vertex of the cone. correct to one decimal place.21 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 d. 1 mark SECTION 2 – continued TURN OVER . Find the length of time. in minutes. in minutes. the tap turns itself off and poisonous liquid starts to flow into the tank at a rate of 0.) 2 marks e. it takes until h = 2. (Give your answer correct to one decimal place. Tasmania Jones enters the tank using a vine to climb down the wall of the tank as soon as the depth of the liquid is first 2 metres. after the tank is first empty will the liquid once again reach a depth of 2 metres? 2 marks f.2 m3/minute. that Tasmania Jones has from the time he enters the tank to the time he leaves the tank. find how long. In order to obtain the emerald. He must leave the tank before the depth is again greater than 2 metres.

2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 22 Question 5 The shaded region in the diagram below is the plan of a mine site for the Black Possum mining company. and the line y = –2. the x and y axes. Hence. Two of the boundaries of the mine site are in the shape of the graphs of the functions f : R → R. Evaluate  −2 ∫ f ( x)dx . All distances are in kilometres. i. ii. find the area of the region bounded by the graph of g. g(x) = loge (x). y 3 2 1 y = f (x) –3 –2 –1 O –1 x=1 y = g(x) 1 2 3 x y = –2 –2 –3 0 a. SECTION 2 – Question 5 – continued . or otherwise.  f (x) = ex  and  g: R+ → R.

Find the total area of the shaded region. find the set of values of a. k(x) = –loge(a – x). the x-coordinates of the points of intersection of the graphs of g and k. for which the graphs of g and k have two distinct points of intersection. a) → R. in terms of a. 1 + 1 + 1 = 3 marks b. The mining engineer.23 2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 iii. Hence. i. Find. decides that a better site for the mine is the region bounded by the graph of g and that of a new function k: (–∞. ii. Victoria. 2 + 1 = 3 marks SECTION 2 – Question 5 – continued TURN OVER . where a is a positive real number.

which joins the two points of intersection. the graphs of g and k intersect at two distinct points.2012 MATHMETH(CAS) EXAM 2 24 c. Find the value of a in this case. It is proposed to start mining operations along the line segment AB. Victoria decides that the graph of k will be such that the x-coordinate of the midpoint of AB is 2 . For the new mine site. 2 marks END OF QUESTION AND ANSWER BOOK . A and B.

MATHEMATICAL METHODS (CAS) Written examinations 1 and 2 FORMULA SHEET Directions to students Detach this formula sheet during reading time. This formula sheet is provided for your reference. © VICTORIAN CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY 2012 .