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201
Assess
Rep
2011
GENERA
In 2011, 15 4
While the qu
of their writt
were less like
Several ques
alternatives d
Students nee
questions, bu
Time manage
attempted. St
completing a
questions.
In 2011, stud
ratios; simpli
irregular poly
Students sho
A =0, B =0
cases. In add
through by f
impossible so
approach in s
example, f (
Students sho
values in trig
determine fea
distribution f
simultaneous
When answe
approach is t
equal to the r
work separat
have the sam
of the questio
used is clear.
Question 10c
worked out th
well) they wo
BD =2CD.
The necessity
penalised for
It should be u
presented wi
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
AL COM
494 students s
uality of respon
en logic/reaso
ely to lose ma
tions had a va
discussed belo
d to make goo
ut they should
ement appeare
tudents are rem
as much as the
dents would ha
ification of fra
ygons; area of
uld be aware t
or both could
dition to this, w
( ) f x unless th
olutions indic
such situation
(x)× g(x) = f (
uld be able to
gonometry; an
atures of circu
functions; dete
s linear equati
ering a ‘show t
to start with th
righthand sid
tely on the righ
me result. The w
on, the studen
.
c. required stu
he rule for the
ould get 0 as t
y to write ‘dx’
r omitting this
understood th
thout working
Exam ©
MMENTS
sat Mathemati
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arks for carele
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od use of the 1
try to identify
ed to be an iss
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ey can of the s
ave drawn on
actions, ratios
f triangles; ba
that when solv
be 0. Similar
when solving
hey have consi
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ns is to collect
(x)×k(x) ¬ f
o use the chain
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ular function g
ermine when n
ions; formulat
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the answer. Th
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AND ASSESSME
ethods (C
nation 1.
hat students pa
use of the con
efficient than o
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oncepts and ro
year and Ques
questions sequ
efore they em
ed to: algebrai
terms; factoris
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actored expres
hat if ( ) f x g ×
( ) ( ) x g x f × =
be equal to ze
t they understa
ull factor law a
f (x) = 0and/o
combination w
1
ax +l
; recogni
al domain; uti
ny solutions or
tween two cur
es students ca
pulate it to obt
left side and s
fication can be
to the approac
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ct that BD =2
tart with the d
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ENT AUTHORIT
CAS) 1: G
aid attention to
nventions and
others. Questi
ould they read
outines.
tion 10 was ei
uentially. They
mbark on the lo
ic manipulatio
sation of quad
null factor law
ssions if A × B
( ) 0 g x = then t
( ) ( ) x k x × the
ro. The explic
and what is ha
and eliminate
or g(x) = k(x)
with the produ
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ilise the prope
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tain the right
simplify it as
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ch that can be
ecisions are m
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CD in their de
derivative equa
rity of student
rrect working.
mark for the an
TY 2012
GA 2: Exam
o the clarity an
notation of m
ons 5, 6, 8 and
to make sens
ither rushed o
y should think
onger, more in
on; use of trig
dratics; perime
w.
B =0 then eith
they need to te
y should not d
cit elimination
appening. A re
or accept solu
.
uct rule; find a
omposite quad
erties of proba
tions occur for
wer a ‘show th
nding on the qu
side (but not a
much as possi
hus showing th
used. Whatev
made and so th
mplies that aft
erivative and
al to 0 and pro
ts. Fewer stud
When a corre
nswer. The m
mination
nd legibility
mathematics
d 9 have
e of the
or not
k about
nvolved
gonometric
eter of
her
est both
divide
n of
ecommended
utions; for
and use exact
dratic form;
ability
r systems of
hat’ question.
uestion. One
assume it
ible, then
hat they both
ver the nature
he process
ter having
(if all was
ove that
dents were
ect answer is
marks awarded
1
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
are an indica
seemingly co
In general, st
( 8)( 2) x x + +
the quadratic
BCD had sid
SPECIFI
Question 1a
Marks
%
d 4÷ x
( )
dx
=
d
This was a di
transcribed th
3
2
÷ .
Question 1b
Marks
%
' g (x) = 2xsin(
' g
t
6

\

.
 = 2×
t
6
sin
t
3

\

.
 =
3
2
Answer: ' g
t
6

\
The product
students with
cos
t
3

\

.

.
Question 2a
Marks
%
1
3
log
e
(3x ÷4
(The constan
Common err
the general a
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
ation of workin
orrect answer
tudents strugg
) 0 > but also
c graph. Quest
des in the ratio
IC INFOR
.
0
40
d((4÷ x)
1
2
)
dx
=
1
2
ifferentiation
heir final answ
b.
0
14
(2x)+2x
2
cos(2
t
6
×sin
t
3

\

.
+2×
and cos
t
3

\

.
 =
t
6

.
 =
t 3
6
+
t
2
36
rule was gene
h the correct d
.
0
57
) +c or
1
3
log
nt c is not nece
rors included m
antiderivative
Exam
ng involved. S
from incorrec
gled with Ques
that this mean
tion 10d. relie
o of 1:2: 5 (b
RMATIO
1 Ave
60 0
2
(4÷ x)
÷1
2
×÷1=
question invo
wer incorrectly
1 2
42 4
2x)
×
t
2
36
×cos(
t
3
)
1
2
erally used we
derivative did n
1 Ave
43 0
g
e
( x ÷
4
3
) +c
essary. It can b
missing the
1
3
e, ( ) f x dx
}
, re
Students attem
ct working and
stions 4b. and
ns 8 0 or x + s
d on the stude
by using Pytha
ON
rage
.6
=
÷1
2 4÷ x
olving the use
y, omitting th
2 Avera
44 1.3
ell by students
not get the sec
rage
.4
be any real nu
and omitting
equires an arb
Published: 8
mpting Questio
d so have a ze
d 10d. Questio
r 2 0 x + > . Th
ent using the k
agoras’ theore
of the chain ru
e negative sig
age
s. However, th
cond mark be
umber, includi
g the modulus
bitrary constan
March 2012
on 2b. and Qu
ro score for th
n 4b. required
his could be re
knowledge fro
em).
rule. Some stu
gn. Some had d
he determinati
cause they lef
ing zero.)
(absolute valu
nt to be includ
uestion 9 could
hese questions
d them not onl
eadily observe
om 10c. to ded
udents differen
difficulty with
on of exact va
ft their answer
ue) signs. Stu
ded.
d end up with
s.
ly to understan
ed by looking
duce that the r
ntiated correct
h the index, sh
alues was poo
rs containing
dents should b
the
nd that
at a sketch of
right triangle
tly but
howing it as
or. Many
sin
t
3

\

.

and
be aware that
2
f
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
Question 2b
Marks
%
( )(
2
2
4 15 2 =1
2 15 2
let 2
15
16
2 16 sin
4
x x
x
x
x
a
a a
a a
x
÷ ×
¬ ÷ ×
=
¬ ÷ ÷
¬ ÷
¬ =
¬ =
This question
Several stude
Question 3a
Marks
%
: [1,7]
4
range
period =
Common inc
Question 3b
Marks
%
sin 2 +
3
(2 + ) =..
3
11
= , a
4 12
x
x
x
t
t
t t
 

\ .
Most student
in radians. Th
of poor algeb
Question 4a
Marks
%
( ( )) (
(
so 2 an
f g x x
x
c
=
=
=
The majority
factorised inc
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
b.
0
61
)
16
2 16 0
16 0
1 0
nce 2 1 0
x
x
÷ =
=
+ =
+ >
n was poorly d
ents resorted t
.
0
20
correct respon
b.
0
26
.
1
= , is ba
2 6
5 13
. , ,
6 6 6
are the only so
t
t t t


.
ts could deter
he majority of
bra, poor arith
.
0
8
2
5) 9
2)( 8)
nd 8 or
x
x x
d c
+ ÷
+ +
=
y of students g
correctly or di
Exam
1 2
6 5
done. Many st
to guessing an
1 2
29 5
ses were a per
1 2
43 3
ase angle
..
lutions within
rmine the base
f students who
hmetic, choosi
1 2
17 7
8 and 2 c d = =
gained full mar
id not expand
2 3
5 28
tudents started
nd checking th
2 Avera
1 1.3
riod of 4π or
2 Avera
1 1.1
n domain
e angle. With
o did get the b
ing a value ou
2 Avera
5 1.7
rks for this qu
(x +5)
2
corre
Published: 8
Average
1
d by writing a
hat x =4. Attem
age
4t
t
and a rang
age
some preferri
base angle did
utside the requ
age
uestion. Howe
ectly.
March 2012
e
a = 2
x
¬4
x
=
mpts involvin
ge of [÷1,7] o
ing to work in
d not get both
uired domain o
ever, many did
2a
rather tha
ng logarithms
r [7,1].
n degrees, the
correct answe
or not looking
d not state a va
an 2 4
x
a = ¬
rarely helped.
e final answer
ers. This was
for multiple s
alue for c and
2
4
x
a = .
.
r was required
either a result
solutions.
d d, and others
3
d
t
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
Question 4b
Marks
%
( , 8]
maximal dom
x e ÷· ÷
This question
‘intersection
properties of
square root fu
Question 5a
Marks
%
Pr(X < 3.5) =
Method 1.usin
3
2
Method 2.
(3 )
0.625
By
x dx = ÷
=
}
This question
probability (g
values and va
The followin
3.5
2
3  x dx ÷
}
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
b.
0
84
when (
[ 2, ) or
main x
R
+
÷ ·
n was very po
’ of x > ÷8 wi
f composite fu
function work.
.
0
71
Pr(X < 3)+ Pr(
ng triangles :(0
2
3.5
3
:
( 3)
y integration
x x dx + ÷
}
}
n was very po
given by the a
alues greater t
ng incorrect de
3.5
2
2
3
2
x
x x
(
= ÷ (
(
¸ ¸
1.5
y
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
Exam
1 2
6 1
)( ) 0
\ ( 8, 2)
c x d
R
+ + >
÷ ÷
oorly done. Co
th x > ÷2); or
unctions tende
.
1 2
11 1
(3< X < 3.5)
0.5×1×1)+(0.5
3.5
2
3
2
2
3 
3
2
x dx
x
x x
÷
(
= ÷ (
(
¸ ¸
oorly done. Few
area under the
than 1.
etermination o
5
0.375 =
2 2
2 Avera
0 0.3
ommon incorre
x > ÷8 (as the
d to get confu
2 Avera
8 0.5
×0.5×0.5) = 0.
3.5
2
3
3
2
x
x
(
+ ÷ (
(
¸ ¸
w students un
graph) had to
of the area wa
2.5 3
Published: 8
age
ect responses
e ‘union’ of x
used. Students
age
5+0.125= 0.62
nderstood wha
o be between 0
s common.
3.5
March 2012
included [÷3,
> 8 with x >
s needed to loo
25
at the graph of
0 and 1. Many
4 4.5
,3], (the doma
÷2). Those wh
ok for a doma
f the function
y students gav
x
ain of f(x)); x >
ho attempted
ain that would
looked like or
ve answers wit
> ÷2 (as the
to use the
make the
r that the
th negative
4
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
Question 5b
Marks
%
Pr( 2.5
Pr( 2.5
Pr(
0.375 3
0.625 5
X X
X
X
<
< ·
=
<
= = =
The majority
Pr( 2.5) X < ·
denominator
Question 6a
Marks
%
The followin
Method 1: U
1 1
2 2
,
3
4
,
7
fromthe grad
4
fromthe inter
4
k
m c
m c
k
k or
k c
= = ÷
÷
=
+
= ÷
= ÷ ¬
Answer: k = ÷
Method 2: U
Comparison o
k
4
=
÷3
k +7
=
k +
1
Using
k
4
=
÷
k +
k
2
+7k = ÷12
Using
÷3
k +7
=
k
2
+10k +21=
Using
k
4
=
k +
1
k = ÷4 satisfie
Answer: k = ÷
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
b.
0
54
3.5)
3.5) P
3.5) P
0.6
X
X
<
· <
=
<
=
y of students w
Pr( 3.5) X · <
.
.
0
43
ng are three di
Using gradien
2
1 2
3
3
1
7
dient ( 7)
3
rcepts 3
1
so th
3
k
k
k k
k
k
c c
+  

\ .
=
+
+ =
= ÷
= ÷ ¬
= =
4 ÷
Using ratios
of coefficients a
+3
1
3
+7
¬ k = ÷4 or k =
=
k +3
1
= ÷3¬ k = ÷4 o
+3
1
¬ k = ÷4
es all 3 ratios an
÷4
Exam
1 2
32 1
Pr( 2.5)
Pr( 3.5)
X
X
<
<
were aware tha
), which is no
1 2
22 1
fferent metho
nt, m, and yin
1 2
12 so
0 and
here are infin
c c
÷
¬ = =
ite
as common ratio
= ÷3
or k = ÷6
nd the lines will
2 Avera
4 0.6
at Pr( 2.5 X <
ot correct. Mor
2 3
0 25
ds that can be
ntercept, c.
1
so there are
4
=
ely many solutio
os (all ratios wo
l be identical.
Published: 8
age
3.5) X · < w
re correct exp
Average
1.2
e used to ident
eno solutions i
ons in this case
ould require the
March 2012
wasPr( 2.5 X <
ressions for th
e
tify and justify
n this case
same value of
5) . However, a
he numerator w
y k= 4.
k to have infini
a few express
were evident
ite solutions).
ed it as
than for the
5
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
Method 3: U
determinant=
determinant=
k
2
+7k +12=
¬ k = 4 or k
when k = ÷3 t
÷3x ÷3y
when k = ÷4 t
÷4x ÷3y
Answer: k = ÷
Many studen
seen. Whiche
Question 6b
Marks
%
For unique so
2
7 12 k k ÷ + =
\{ 4, k R e ÷
Most student
was using the
Question 7a
Marks
%
3
p
This questio
also a numb
Question 7a
Marks
%
2
3 (1 ) p p ÷
The majority
Question 7b
Marks
%
p
3
= 3p
2
÷3p
4p
3
÷3p
2
= p
p = 0 and p =
The cancellin
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
Using determi
= k(k +7)+12
= 0 for infinitely
(k +4)(k +3) =
k = ÷3
the two equation
= 0 and 4x +4
the two equation
= ÷1 and 4x +
÷4
nts who tried t
ever method w
b.
0
67
olutions
0 =
3} ÷
ts were aware
e determinant
i.
0
29
on was mostl
ber of respon
ii.
0
59
y of incorrect r
b.
0
24
p
3
p
2
(4p ÷3) = 0
=
3
4
ng out of p wa
Exam
inant
y many solution
0
ns become
y =1 so there ar
ns become
3y =1 so there
o solve simult
was chosen, st
1 Ave
33 0
of the two va
t. Many studen
1 Ave
71 0
ly well done
nses where st
1 Ave
41 0
responses neg
1 2
58 1
as rarely supp
ns or no solution
re no solutions
are infinitely m
taneous equat
tudents had to
rage
.4
alues of k that
nts chose a va
rage
.7
, although p
tudents incor
rage
.4
glected the 3 (f
2 Avera
8 1
orted. Many s
Published: 8
ns
in this case
many solutions i
tions rarely su
o justify their s
led to either n
alue of k that w
p× p× p = 3p
rrectly assign
for the numbe
age
students incorr
March 2012
in this case
ucceeded. Othe
selection of k.
no or infinite s
was not selecte
was a comm
ned a numeri
er of possible a
rectly assume
er variations o
solutions. The
ed as the answ
mon incorrect
ical value to p
arrangements)
ed p could not
of these metho
e most success
wer to part a.
t response. T
p.
).
be zero.
ods were
sful approach
There were
6
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
Question 8a
Marks
%
Pr( ' A ·B)=Pr
Alternatively
Pr(AB) = Pr(
¬Pr(A·B) =
B
B'
From the table
Pr( ') A B · =
A simple Ven
varying meas
who used thi
Question 8b
Marks
%
Pr( ) =0 A B ·
The most com
Question 9
Marks
%
0
0
4
2
Point of inters
Area= (
or Area =
4
8 as
m
ax
x
ax
a m
÷
(
¬ ÷ (
(
¸ ¸
¬ =
}
}
The majority
of the point o
curves’ by re
definite integ
incorrectly ca
point of inter
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
.
0
34
r(AB)÷ Pr(A) =
:
(A)+ Pr(B) ÷ Pr(A
= Pr(A)+ Pr(B) ÷
A
1
10
3
5
e
1 1 3
4 10 20
÷ =
nn diagram w
sures of succe
is but wrote P
b.
0
56
0 Pr( ) = A B ' ¬ ·
mmon incorre
0
27
3
2
3
2
2
0
section ( , )
( ))
(2 )
4
(2
16 4 sinc
a
a
m am
x ax dx
ax x dx
a
m
÷ ÷ =
÷
(
= ÷
¸
= =
y of students c
of intersection
elating all area
grals or the are
ancelling ax in
rsection in term
Exam
1 2
29 3
=
3
4
÷
3
5
=
3
20
(A·B)
Pr(AB) =
3
5
+
A'
Pr(A B) ' ·
would have ass
ess, to utilise t
Pr( ' A ·B)when
1 Ave
44 0
1
=Pr( ) =
4
B
ect response w
1 2
21 2
3
2
2
64
64
4
) 64
4
ce both and
am m a
x
a
a
a m
¬ = ÷
=
=
= =
could set up th
n to achieving
as back to the
ea of a triangl
n the integral
ms of x witha
2 Avera
8 1.1
1
4
÷
3
4
=
1
10
1
4
1.0
sisted many st
the relation Pr
n rearranging
rage
.5
was due to stud
2 3
7 8
, 0
are greater tha
am m m
m
> ¬
he correct integ
the final answ
xaxis. Instea
le and two def
and then quic
3
, ax x ax = ÷ ¬
Published: 8
age
tudents in answ
r(AB) = Pr(A)
it. Arithmetic
dents interpret
4
16
2
2
an zero
m a =
gral equation
wers. Many stu
ad of a single d
finite integrals
ckly getting th
2
2 x a a ¬ = ¬ =
March 2012
wering this qu
+ Pr(B)÷ Pr(A·
was a weakn
ting ‘mutually
Average
1.7
for the area, b
udents spent t
definite integr
s. Poor use of
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2
2
x
= and subs
uestion. Most
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ess for some s
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but only a few
time determin
ral to determin
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4. Some stud
stituted this di
students tried
were a number
students.
s ‘independen
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ning the ‘area b
ne the area, the
to a number of
dents incorrect
irectly into the
d, with
of students
nt’.
significance
between two
ey had three
f students
tly left the
e integral.
7
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
Question 10
Marks
%
cos( ) BD a u =
This question
students tried
few students
Question 10
Marks
%
2 2
4 2
L a
L a B
= + + +
= + +
The second h
question.
Question 10
Marks
%
dL
du
= ÷2asin(u
When BD =2
substitute in
¬
dL
du
= ÷2as
Most student
differentiatin
aucos(u). Th
but making n
Question 10
Marks
%
Using trigono
tan(u) =
1
2
¬
BD= acos(u)
CD= asin(u)
L = 4+a +2BD
L =19+3 5
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
a.
0
34
) and sin CD a =
n required a st
d to use Pytha
had only one
b.
0
42
4
BD CD AE
BD CD a
+ + +
+ = +
horizontal leng
c.
0
58
u)+acos(u)
2CD ¬ acos(u)
(1)
sin(u)+2asin(u
ts who had L i
ng with respec
he ‘show that’
no mention of
d.
0
95
ometry:
sin(u) =
1
5
,co
) = 3 5×
2
5
= 6
= 3 5×
1
5
= 3
BD+CD= 4+3
Exam
1 2
4 6
n( ) u
traightforward
agoras’ theorem
of the correct
1 Ave
58 0
2 cos( )
E
a a u + +
gth of wire (A
1 2
14 2
(1)
) = 2asin(u)
u) = 0 as require
in terms of u c
ct to a, attemp
part of the qu
f either BD or
1 Ave
5 0
os(u) =
2
5
6
3
5+2×6+3
2 Avera
2 1.3
d application o
m, reciprocal
t answers. Som
rage
.6
sin( ) a u
AE or BD) was
2 Avera
8 0.7
ed
could differen
ting to differe
uestion was rar
CD.
rage
.1
Published: 8
age
of trigonometr
or inverse fun
me students di
s missing from
age
ntiate it correct
entiate with re
rely done wel
u
March 2012
ry for a right
nctions. Other
id not answer
m some respon
tly. Some inco
spect to a and
ll, with many
angled triangl
rs mixed varia
this question
nses, despite p
orrect respons
d u, or differen
students maki
1
2
le. However, s
ables as well a
.
particular men
ses were a con
ntiating asin(u
ing a direct su
1
1
some
as units. Very
ntion in the
nsequence of
u) as
ubstitution,
8
Maths Methods
201
Assess
Rep
Alternatively
Maximum L w
a
2
= (2CD)
2
+
If a = 3 5¬
L = 4+a +2BD
L =19+3 5
Few students
connection th
calculate the
(CAS) 1 GA 2 E
11
sment
port
y:
when BD =2CD
+(CD)
2
=5(CD)
a
2
= 45¬CD=
D+CD= 4+3
s obtained the
hat the conditi
lengths of all
Exam
CD,
)
2
= 3¬ BD= 6
5+12+3=19+
correct answe
ion stated in Q
l the sides nec
+3 5
er. It was not
Question 10c.
essary to dete
Published: 8
a simple one
provided enou
ermine the max
March 2012
step problem
ugh informati
ximum L.
and most stud
ion to use Pyth
dents did not m
hagoras’ theor
make the
rem and
9
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