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Practical Introduction to Power System Protection & Control

Practical Introduction to Power System Protection & Control

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Published by: riogomes on Jul 15, 2009
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04/22/2015

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When a power transformer is re-energized after along time of de-

energizing and when the primary side circuit breaker is switched on,

Inrush current will be only in the primary side of power transformer. This

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current may lead to relay operation and circuit breaker tripping .In fact,

the inrush current is a current with a frequency equal to twice the normal

frequency (second harmonic). This current is separated from the

fundamental current and used to resist the operation of the differential

relay. figure (42) shows a second harmonic blocking diagram .

Figure 42 : Tripping and Blocking Characteristics due to

Second Harmonics

IN= Rated current of power transformer.

IFN=Rated frequency current.

I100=Second harmonic current.

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Restricted Earth Fault

Restricted earth fault relay is that relay which can be defined as

half differential relay. Figure (43) Shows a connection diagram for the

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