Course contents
• GPRS Background and Evolution • GSM/GPRS network • GPRS Architecture • IP Addressing in GPRS • GPRS Air Interfaces • MS types and Coding Schemes • Mobility Management • PDP Context Activation Sequence

• GPRS Roaming
• GPRS Charging • Practical Demonstration of GPRS


GPRS BACK GROUND . • The main Objective of GPRS is to offer the access to standard data networks. using protocols e. • GPRS enables efficient use of radio resources by allowing many data users to share the same interface on a statistical basis. GPRS gives Mobile operators competitive edge and optimum use of the infrastructure.g.• With Mobile penetration reaching its full potential.25 • Transactions such as Credit Card checks and a variety of telemetric applications benefit from the fast session set-ups. he can stay connected all day. •SMS is a good example of just how hungry users are for data services. TCP/IP and X. •The main benefits of GPRS are that it reserves radio resources only when there is data to be sent • Mobile users doesn’t have to connect to the network each time he wants to transfer the data.

5G HSCSD GSM 2G .Evolution from GSM to 3G The GSM Growth Phases 3G EDGE GPRS 2.

GSM Evolution 2G 2.5G 3G GSM GPRS EDGE UMTS GSM 200 KHz carrier 8 full-rate time slots 16 half-rate time slots GPRS 200 KHz carrier 115 Kbps peak data rates EDGE 200 KHz carrier Data rates up to 384 Kbps 8-PSK modulation Higher symbol rate UMTS 5 MHz carrier 2 Mbps peak data rates New IMT-2000 2 GHz spectrum HSCSD HSCSD Circuit-switched data 64 Kbps peak data rates .

• Fast Roll-out and Continuous Network Expansion : GPRS is an integral part of GSM. free periods between busy hour calls. Also operator can charge on the basis of type and amount of content accessed. both are fastest growing technologies and GPRS is the merger of two. . • GPRS uses excess voice capacity for data : GPRS Packets are transmitted in short.MAIN ADVANTAGES FOR OPERATORS • More Revenue : By providing more than a mobile connection. • Huge Potential Market for Data Sevices : Mobile Phone and Internet.

Free GSM Capacity GPRS packets can be transmitted in the short free periods between busy hour calls 2TRX = 14 Speech TS 2% blocking means 16 14 12 10 TCH 8 6 4 16 14 12 10 TC H 8 6 4 2 0 03:00 06:00 09:00 12:00 15:00 18:00 21:00 00:00 8 Erlang speech traffic  On average 6 TS free ! 2 0 1:00 PM 1:15 PM 1:30 PM 1:45 PM .

Q. Single time slot per user.GPRS Vs GSM GPRS 1. One time slot can be allotted to several users. No re-transmission is provided. MS Utilizes Automatic retransmission (ARQ) at data link layer to re-transmit error frames. Charging/ billing more complex (Volume based. . 5. SWITCHED as well as packet switched service.S. 2. based) Vs GSM Only circuit switched. SUPPORTS BOTH CKT. Simple time-based billing. 3. Single time slot per user. Multiple time slots can be allotted to a single user 4.O.

e-commerce. sales-force automation A user nearing a cinema hall or a restaurant receives flashes of advertisement . intranet/ internet access. Information services.TYPICAL GPRS SERVICES * Communications* Value added services E-mail.Navigation. traffic conditions. * Location-based applications . airline/rail schedule. * Vertical applications * Location sensitive Advertising Freight delivery. games. fleet management. location finder. fax.


GSM NETWORK ELEMENTS The Main elements of GSM are: • NSS : •MSC •VLR •HLR (Includes Authentication Center and Equipment Identity Register) • BSS : •BSC •BTS •Transcoder • NMS •Fault Management •Configuration Management •Performance Management .

20 Border Gateway BGP4 DHCP HP-UX 11.00 CG HP-UX 10.GPRS Network Elements • • • • • • • • • Network Element Software SGSN SG1 GGSN G1 Firewall Checkpoint Ethernet Switch N/A DNS HP-UX 11.00 Hardware DX Platform IP650 IP650 Cisco Catalyst HP 9000 A class HP K class IP650 HP 9000 A class .


GPRS Interface MSC/ VLR HLR EIR SMSGMSC Signalling and data Gs SGSN BSC Gr Gf Gd Signalling GGSN Gb Gn Gi External packet network Air (Um) Gn GGSN Gp Inter-PLMN GPRS Backbone .

Authorization • GTP tunneling to GGSN • Ciphering & compression • Mobility Management • Session Management • Interaction with HLR. MSC/VLR • Charging & statistics • NMS interfaces .SGSN Role • Authentication.

GGSN Role • Interface to external data networks • Encapsulate in GTP and forwards end user data to right SGSN • Routes mobile originated packets to right destination • Filters end user traffic • Collects charging and statistic information for data network usage .


Different GPRS Capacity Types Circuit Switched Territory Packet Switched Territory TRX 1 CCCH TRX 2 TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS Additional GPRS Capacity Dedicated GPRS GPRS Capacity Capacity Territory border moves based on Circuit Switched traffic load .


The selection of the appropriate service is performed automatically • CLASS C: Supports only non-simultaneous attach. • CLASS B: Simultaneous traffic shall is not supported. simultaneous monitor. The mobile user can make and/or receive calls on either of the two services sequentially but not simultaneously.MS Class • CLASS A: Supports simultaneous attach. simultaneous activation. and simultaneous traffic. Alternate use only. that is. • The status of the service which has not been selected is detached. . simultaneous invocation. not reachable.

GPRS Channel Coding Schemes .


MS is capable of receiving Point-to-Point data and Point-to-Multipoint data. Subscriber is not reachable by the GPRS NW.Mobility Management State GPRS Attach / Detach Idle READY Timer Expiry Standby Ready STANDBY Timer Expiry Packet TX/RX MS location not known. MS is capable of receiving Point-to-Multipoint data and being paged for Point-to-Point data MS location known to cell level. MS is transmitting or has just been transmitting. . MS location known to SGSN level.

Routing Area RAI = MCC+MNC+LAC+RAC .

Cell =< RA =< LA served by one SGSN RAI = MCC + MNC + LAC + RAC Every time the MS sees the new RAI is has to initiate the RA update procedure. .GPRS Mobility Management Routing Area : The RA is a new concept for tracing the MS location.

from the network and from the timers set.GPRS Mobility Management Mobility Management States : •The IDLE State is when the MS is not connected. •The Standby State is when the MS is connected to the GPRS Network •The Ready State is when the MS is ready to connect to the external IP Network. Changing between states can be initiated from the MS. .


com" • SGSN DNS GPRS Backbone IP Network (2) SGSN checks against HLR •Access Point Name •Dynamic / static IP address Access Point Intranet GGSN Internet • Access Point Name = Reference to an external packet data network the user wants to connect to .PDP Context Activation Accessing the HLR • HLR BTS BSC (1) MS sends "Activate PDP Context Request" to SGSN •Access Point Name •PDP Type (IP) •PDP Address (empty == dynamic) 2.Ltd. APN= "Intranet. SS7 1.

(P-TMSI is used to derive the Temp Logical Link Identity (TLLI)) .SECURITY IN GPRS GPRS SYSTEM HAS INHERITED THE GSM PH-2 SECURITY FUNCTIONS • Authentication of the subscriber • IMEI Checking • User Identity Confidentiality (TMSI in GSM. • Ciphered links and authentication between nodes in the GPRS Backbone. P-TMSI in GPRS) • Ciphering of the data traffic between MS and SGSN ADDITIONAL GPRS SECURITY FEATURES ARE • Private IP Addressing in the GPRS backbone. • Screening of packets coming from the external networks (Firewall).

The Abbreviation GPRS = General Packet Radio System EGPRS = GPRS + EDGE modulation .

frequency planning and protocol as today’s GSM .EDGE – Provide 3G services today • Provide 3G services with existing licenses • New modulation optimized for wireless data services • Link adaptation: Take highest possible rate • Covered by existing GSM licenses • Same channel structure. network infrastructure.

Evolution to EDGE SMS G/IW MSC Gd M S HLR AUC BTS P U C BSC Gb MSC/VLR Gr Gs ISP Network M S EDGE TRU SGSN Gn GGSN Gn Gi Backbone Network Corporate Network .

EDGE increases capacity voice voice voice voice voice Standard GSM Transceiver voice voice voice voice voice Free TS Free TS Data EDGE Transceiver .

System upgrade for EDGE EDGE TRU B S C R B S BSC Software Upgrade EDGE enabled RBS .

What EDGE would mean to subscribers • Streaming Applications • Very high speed downloads • Corporate Intranet connections • Quicker MMS • Video Phone • Vertical corporate applications – Video Conference. Remote presentations .

Thank You! .

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