Formule trigonometrice a b a b 1. sin α = ; cos α = ; tg α = ; ctg α = ; c c b a (a, b - catetele, c - ipotenuza triunghiului dreptunghic, α - unghiul, opus catetei a). 2.

tg α = sin α ; cos α ctg α = cos α . sin α

3. tg α ctg α = 1. 4. sin 5. cos 6. tg 7. sec π ± α = cos α; 2 π ± α = ∓ sin α; 2 π ± α = ∓ ctg α; 2 sin(π ± α) = ∓ sin α. cos(π ± α) = − cos α. ctg π ± α = ∓ tg α. 2 π ± α = sec α. 2

π ± α = ∓ cosec α; 2

cosec

8. sin2 α + cos2 α = 1. 9. 1 + tg2 α = sec2 α. 10. 1 + ctg2 α = cosec2 α. 11. sin(α ± β ) = sin α cos β ± sin β cos α. 12. cos(α ± β ) = cos α cos β ∓ sin α sin β. 13. tg(α ± β ) = tg α ± tg β . 1 ∓ tg α tg β ctg α ctg β ∓ 1 . ctg β ± ctg α

14. ctg(α ± β ) =

15. sin 2α = 2 sin α cos α. 16. cos 2α = cos2 α − sin2 α. 17. tg 2α = 2 tg α . 1 − tg2 α

18. ctg 2α =

ctg2 α − 1 . 2 ctg α

19. sin 3α = 3 sin α − 4 sin3 α. 20. cos 3α = 4 cos3 α − 3 cos α.
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2 1 + cos α sin α α = 2 1 + cos α . sin α sin β = [cos(α − β ) − cos(α + β )]. sin α sin β 33. 2 1 35. cos α cos β = [cos(α + β ) + cos(α − β )]. tg α = 2 α sin α 1 − cos α = = . sin α cos β = [sin(α + β ) + sin(α − β )]. 2 2 30. 1 + cos α = 2 cos2 . ctg α ± ctg β = 1 34. 2 α 28. 2 2 α−β α+β cos . ctg α sin α 1 + cos α = = . sin α = 2 α = 2 1 − cos α . tg 24. tg α ± tg β = sin(α ± β ) . cos α − cos β = −2 sin 32. 2 1 36. 2 1 − cos α sin α α 27. 1 − cos α = 2 sin2 . cos 23. ctg 26.md 2 .ournet. 1 − cos α 25. 2 29. 1 + cos α 22. 2 1 + cos α .21. 2 1 − cos α . sin α ± sin β = 2 sin α±β α∓β cos . cos α cos β sin(β ± α) . 2 2 α+β α−β sin . cos α + cos β = 2 cos 31. 2 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.

arcsin x + arccos x = 41. 42. arcsec x + arccosec x = . 2 π 40. arctg(tg x) = x. 0 < x < 1. arctg x = arcsin √ = arccos √ = arcctg . tg(arctg x) = x. 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.  √ √ −π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 + y 1 − x2 ). 48. |x| ≥ 1. . sin(arcsin x) = x. Ecuatii trigonometrice elementare: sin x = a. 2 2 x 1+x 1+x √ √  daca xy ≤ 0 sau x2 + y 2 ≤ 1. x = arcctg a + πn π . |a| ≤ 1. x ∈ [0. 43. 45. arcsin(sin x) = x. arccos(cos x) = x. 2 38. y > 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1. x 1 − x2 √ √ 1 − x2 x 2 50. x ∈ (0. 2 2 x 1+x 1+x 52. 47.    cos x = a.             tg x = a. π π x∈ − . √ √ 1 − x2 x 2 49. +1]. n ∈ Z.37. π π x∈ − . +1]. x = ± arccos a + 2πn. arcctg x = arcsin √ 0 < x < 1.md 3 . daca x > 0. arcsin x = arccos 1 − x = arctg √ = arcctg . . cos(arccos x) = x. arcsin x+arcsin y =   π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 + y 1 − x2 ).  √ √ 53. x = (−1)n arcsin a + πn. x ∈ R. 44. π ]. π ). y < 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1. 46. ctg x = a. x = arctg a + πn. arcctg(ctg x) = x. 2 2 x ∈ R. x 1 − x2 x 1 1 51. 2 π 39. |a| ≤ 1. arccos x = arcsin 1 − x = arctg = arcctg √ . 1 x 1 = arccos √ = arctg . 0 < x < +∞. 2 2 x ∈ [−1.ournet. daca x < 0. arctg x + arcctg x = . arcsin(x 1 − y 2 + y 1 − x2 ). ctg(arcctg x) = x. |x| ≤ 1. 0 < x < +∞. x ∈ [−1.

2 arccos x =   arccos(2x2 − 1)  2π − arccos(2x2 − 1) cand − 1 ≤ x < 0. 1 + xy  √ √ 2 2  arcsin(2x 1 − x ).54. arctg x − arctg y = π + arctg 1 + xy x−y −π + arctg . cand 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. arccos(xy − (1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). arcsin x−arcsin y =      55. 1 − xy x+y −π + arctg . arctg x + arctg y = x−y . arccos x − arccos y =              2π − arccos(xy − − arccos(xy + arccos(xy + (1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). daca xy ≥ 0 sau x2 + y 2 ≤ 1. −π + arctg 1 − x2 http://math. 1 − xy arctg arctg 60. daca x < 0 si xy < −1. daca x < 0 si xy > 1. daca x + y ≥ 0.md 4 . daca x < y. daca < x ≤ 1. 2           x+y . √ √ π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 − y 1 − x2 ). daca − 1 ≤ x < − . daca x ≥ y . (1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). y < 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1. daca x > 0 si xy < −1. daca x > 0 si xy > 1. 1 − xy x+y π + arctg .  2  √  √  2 −π − arcsin(2x 1 − x2 ).  2  √  √ 2 59. 2 arctg x = 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician          arctg 2x . daca x > 0. 1 − x2 2x . daca xy > −1. daca x > 1. daca x < −1. daca x < 0. daca xy < 1. 56. √ √ −π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 − y 1 − x2 ). y > 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1. daca |x| ≤ . 61. 57. 1 + xy x−y . 58. 2 arcsin x =   π − arcsin(2x 1 − x2 ). 1 − x2 2x π + arctg . daca |x| < 1. (1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). arccos x + arccos y =    √ √ arcsin(x 1 − y 2 − y 1 − x2 ). daca x + y < 0.ournet.

arcsin x =    2    arcsin − arcsin 1− √ 1 − x2 . daca x = 0.md 5 . x 0. daca − 1 ≤ x ≤ 1. daca − 1 ≤ x < 0. 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math. 1 62. daca x = 0. 1 arccos x = arccos 2  1 arctg x =   2  64. 2 √ 1 + x2 − 1 arctg . daca 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.ournet. 1+x . 2 63. 2 √ 1 − 1 − x2 .