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CJUS 2030 Winter Session 2010 Study Guide EXAM 3

1. According to Herman Goldstein, traditional policing is: Incident driven 2. According to researcher James Q. Wilson, most police officers feel that the public: 3. According to the retroactive model, the investigation of almost all felonies and some misdemeanors was the sole responsibility of the detective division. 4. An example of a very early attempt at community policing involving the experiences of the development of decentralized neighborhood-based precincts that served as storefront police stations was tried in what city? Houston 5. Analyzing crime issues to determine the underlying problems and addressing those underlying problems is referred to as: Problem solving policing 6. By 1999, what percent of the United States population was served by community policing? 21% 7. Crime Stoppers originated in: Albuquerque, New Mexico 8. David L. Carter of Michigan State University explains that community policing: did not suddenly materialize as a new idea; rather, it evolved from researched conducted by a wide range of scholars and police research organizations. Beginning primarily in the early 1970s, a great deal of research was conducted on police patrol. 9. Dressing as and playing the role of a potential crime victim is known as: decoy 10. During what decade was the efficiency of foot patrols challenged? 1960s 11. Everything we do with, for, and to each other as citizens and human beings is the definition of: Human relations 12. In a case enhancement program: debrief suspects to obtain further

information, assist arresting officers in preparing a case for court, engage in liaison w/ district attorney
13. In an experiment, the group that is not acted upon, and where nothing is changed, is called: control group 14. In the yearly survey of the American public conducted by the National Institute of Justice regarding the publics opinion of the job their police do regarding crime, the majority answered that their police: 15. In Broken Windows and Police Discretion, Wilson and Kelling note that the community policing model expands the use of police discretion among officers at all levels of the organization. 16. It has now been discovered that most of what O. W. Wilson taught about police patrol was: wrong since he based his writings on faulty assumptions 17. Many believe that modern community policing began with James Q. Wilsons and George Kellings article Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety. 18. Most departments utilize: fleet vehicles 19. Nationally, police are only able to clear 16.5% of all property crimes reported to them: 20. Officers practicing incident-driven policing: tend to respond to similar incidences at the same location numerous times. 21. Prior to the Rand Study, it was common for police departments to have policies and procedures in place that emphasized: the retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives 22. Problem-solving policing can be attributed to: Herman Goldstein

CJUS 2030 Winter Session 2010 Study Guide EXAM 3

23. Programs concentrating investigative resources on career criminals are called: repeat offender programs 24. The 2005 Uniform Crime Report indicates that, nationally, violent crime was up/increased compared with the 2004 figures. 25. The almost official police practice of obtaining confessions by use of brutality and violence. Third degree 26. The Houston Police Department, faced with a spiraling crime rate, implemented a form of split-force patrol called: High Intensity Patrol (HIT) 27. The Law Enforcement Explorer program involves young men and women, ages 14-20 years old. 28. The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals recommended that detectives should only be assigned to preliminary investigations of: very serious crimes requiring complex investigations 29. The number of arrests made by police in the United States each year is: 13 million 30. The Police Community Relations Movement REF: pCR) developed out of the: 31. The Rand Study was called the criminal investigation process. 32. The real responsibility for proper police community relations rests with every police officer. 33. The recent measurable trend of police departments employing full-time community policing officers: 34. The Supreme Court ruled in Burdeau v. McDowell that 4 amendment applies only to the actions of government agents and does not apply to private citizens or security employees. 35. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a warrantless search of a vehicle is valid if the police have probable cause to believe that the car contains evidence that they are seeking. This decision is known as: Carroll Doctrine 36. The use of analytical methods to obtain pertinent information on crime patterns and trends that can then be disseminated to officers on the street is called compstat. 37. This case allowed searches during field interrogations, also known as pat downs. Terry v. Ohio 38. This case established the exclusionary rule in federal courts. Weeks v. United States 39. This national survey is based on a random survey of American homes. National Crime Victimization Survey 40. This national survey is based on reports made to the police from crime victims. Uniform Crime Reports 41. What departments would benefit most from differential response? Patrol officers 42. What was the role of the New York City Police Departments Community Patrol Officer Program? Identification of neighborhood problems and development of short- and long-term 43. Which of the following is a police program dealing with children? Juvenile court 44. Which of the following is not one of the parts of the problem-oriented police strategy? 45. Which of the following is not part of the problem-oriented policing strategy? 46. Which of the following provides the most expectation of privacy?

Residence or hotel, public places which have been specifically provided by business or the public sector to ensure privacy. Ex:

CJUS 2030 Winter Session 2010 Study Guide EXAM 3 restrooms, phone booth
47. Which of the following was not one of the beats established in the Kansas City Study? Variable testing groups 48. Who coined the term omnipresence? O.W. Wilson 49. Who founded the National Center for Community Policing in East Lansing, Michigan? Robert C. Trojanowicz 50. Who is the author of the classic Varieties of Police Behavior: The Management of Law and Order in Eight Communities? James Q Wilson