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Criteria for classification Number of languages (1.2. +) Linguistic model used Approach to linguistic phenomena Techniques employed Scope/width of analysis Application of results .
Number of languages One language only : Intralingual research ○ Philogenetic (comparison between varieties and variants of L): sociolinguistic in nature ○ Ontogenetic(comparison between stages of learning – interlinguas or approximate systems) Two or more languages Interlingual comparisons .
. Linguistic Model defines the type of contrastive research Structural or ‘Taxonomic’ Model Transformational-generative Grammar Stratificational Model Cognitive linguistic Model .. .. ..2.
Approach to linguistic phenomena defines the type of contrastive research: Microlinguistic (systemic) Paradigmatic syntagmatic Macrolinguistic Psycholinguistic Sociolinguistic Ethnolinguistic Etc. .
intuitive Objective Group test Translation (both ways) Working with corpora (comparable. parallel etc.) .Techniques used define the type of contrastive research Subjective Individual.
CA research can be: Narrow: Partial Selective One way CA (from L1 -> L2) Broad: Global Systemic Two way CA (L1-> L2 and L2-> L1) .According to scope.
Depending on how results are used: Theoretical CA Contrastive grammars Linguistic typology Language Universals Applied CA Teaching material selection Teaching material grading Curriculum design Test design Pedagogical grammars Training translators and interpreters .