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Lucid Dreaming

Lucid Dreaming

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Lucid Dreaming

By R. Wy. Fra. Timothy Edwards, VIII° June 20, 2008

Introduction Lucid Dreaming is the ability to have control of the events that happen in your dreams. with his neuro-physiological approach to dream research have helped to push the understanding of lucid dreaming into a less speculative realm4. it is sometimes possible to exert conscious control over the dream characters and environment. They talk of an Out of body experience (OBE) and contacting your holy guardian angel (HGA). also known as a conscious dream. We are called on to interpret without trying to understanding because the reasoning is fluid in the dream world8. A lucid dream. Lucid dreaming has been researched scientifically. and its existence is well established. and have them perform feats which would be physically impossible in the waking world. . is a dream in which the person is aware that he or she is dreaming while the dream is in progress. Lucid dreams can be extremely real and vivid depending on a person's level of self-awareness during the lucid dream. the Golden Dawn system of Magic5 and the Works of Franz Bardon6. while a wake-initiated lucid dream (WILD) occurs when the dreamer goes from a normal waking state directly into a dream state with no apparent lapse in consciousness. However we should not limit ourselves to the constructs of these old forms of thought because the realm of the unconscious mind is still Tarra incognito. and the dreamer eventually concludes that he or she is dreaming. The projection of thoughts has always been a part of hermetic teachings in the Kabalah and the Corpus Hermeticum. During lucid dreams. A dream-initiated lucid dream (DILD) starts as a normal dream. 1 Hypnos and Thanatos “Sleep and his half-brother death”– John Williams Waterhouse A lucid dream can begin in one of two ways. What better approach than to use the existing visualization skills that you possessed since birth7.2 3 Scientists such as Allan Hobson.

he lived in a cave underneath a Greek island. sentenced by Zeus to eternal sleep. His twin was Thanatos ("death"). sometimes with a beard. through this cave flowed Lethe. received the power to sleep with his eyes open from Hypnos in order to constantly watch his beloved Selene. Hypnos was portrayed as a naked youthful man. Hypnos's three sons or brothers represented things that occur in dreams (the Oneiroi). Morpheus. He is sometimes shown as a man asleep on a bed of feathers with black curtains about him. it was Hypnos himself who fell in love with the young shepherd Endymion. Phobetor and Phantasos appear in the dreams of kings. His palace was a dark cave where the sun never shines. Chaos Born of the 4 elements Nyx (Night) Hypnos = Somnus (Sleep) Oneiroi (Tribe of Dreams) Morpheus Thanatos (Death) Phobetor (fear) Phantasos (Fantasy unreal inanimate objects) Family Tree . the image of Hypnos was always put near that of death. Morpheus is his chief minister and prevents noises from waking him. the better for the god to enjoy the beauty of his beloved boy. At the entrance were a number of poppies and other hypnogogic plants. According to one story. But according to the poet Licymnius of Chios. the river of forgetfulness. and wings attached to his head. In Sparta. and allowed him to sleep with his eyes open. their mother was the goddess Nyx ("night"). the Roman equivalent was known as Somnus. Endymion. In art.Greek Mythology9 Hypnos (Ύπνος) was the personification of sleep.

. Whereas Freud believed that dreams were frequently distorted in a subconscious attempt at repression. The rise of rationalism and science further undermined the value of the dream. Homer's Iliad (8th century BC) tells the story of Agamemnon who receives instruction from Zeus through a dream. The dream was a direct message from the personal unconscious. This idea of the divinity of the dream can also to be found in ancient Egyptian and Greek society. In the early part of this century. By exploring the dream one was forced to face that which was suppressed and rejected within oneself. which was now studied by only the superstitious. In Egypt and Greece the dream was considered as a message from the gods. Hippocrates. Jung believed that dreams are important gateways to unknown parts of our self11. Originally the dream was held to be the voice of God. Most indigenous cultures hold that the dream is sent by the Great Spirit and serves to offer advice and instruction. Jacob has a dream of a ladder12 also Jacob explains that God has spoken to the pharaoh and warned of seven years of prosperity to be followed by seven years of famine13. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. To this day skepticism toward the value dream remains the predominant attitude. Jung believed that any such distortion was usually unintentional. For Freud the dream revealed that which the dreamer would rather keep hidden. the father of modern medicine. There existed temples that one would dream in to receive healing and instruction from the gods in both Egyptian14 and Greek15 society. The dominance of Christianity obscured the divinity of the dream. however. Dreams are an expression of the personal unconscious through the archetypes of the collective unconscious. In the Old Testament Jacob interprets a dream for the Egyptian pharaoh. the dream was championed by two great psychologists. In the Christian epoch the church and its scriptures supplanted the importance of the dream. used dreams as a diagnostic aid.Jungian Dream Analysis10 Like Freud.

and newborns experience 80% REM sleep starts with Sleep paralysis – Hynogogic hallucinations Tonic tonic REM sleep and effort involve an increase in the metabolism of cerebral glycogen the stage where lucid dreaming occurs Phasic (delta REM activity and delta REM density) involve the transfer of glucose from the body to the brain.Stages of Sleep Non – REM Stage 1: Disappearance of Alpha waves. High level of phasic REM sleep is linked to depression. 20 – 25% of sleep. Theta wave of the EEG. Bernhard. sleep spindles and K complexes on the EEG Stage 3: Delta waves deep sleep Stage 4: slow wave sleep Delta waves. The primary functions of REM sleep Andrew E. it seems clear that the primary function of REM sleep is to re-energize the brain. the river of forgetfulness). Parasomnia: caught in between a sleep and waking state include Confusional arousals (uncontrolled crying in children) Sleepwalking (somnambulism) Sleep terrors (night terrors) REM (Rapid Eye Movement) starts in 90 min. Hypnic jerks or “Flibbity Gibbets” Stage 2: unconscious sleep (Lethe. 4 -5 periods. 90 -120 in duration. . The Nightmare by John Henry Fuseli.

as well as suppressed REM sleep and phasic REM activity to comparable extent in both adolescents and adults19. . Active part of the brain pontine tegmentum Æ pons The monoamines are shut down Anti depressants inhibit REM Morphine increases REM Benadryl increases the chances of Lucid Dreaming17 Scopolamine delayed the onset of REM sleep18. REM phase: mixed but mostly high-frequency waves.5-2 Hz) at 20-50% and more than 50%. Stage II: sleep spindles and K-complexes appear. Stage I: alpha waves (8-12 Hz) dominate.Method used to measure sleep metrics EEG16 The awake state: beta frequency (>13 Hz) dominates. Stage III and IV (slow-wave sleep): delta waves (0. respectively.

Wake-Initiated Lucid Dream (WILD) method Stay up all night. Be aware of the stages of sleeping and where you are at the moment23 Staying Lucid As soon as you realize that you are dreaming you get so excited that you force yourself out of the dream and wake up. Signal-verified lucid dreams (SVLDs)21 Once the dreamer recognizes that he is dreaming then an agreed upon eye signal is used. extra fingers or toes.Methods to induce lucid dreaming20 Dream Journal The act of keeping a journal will induce lucid dreaming and is necessary because you may have a lucid dream and yet forget you had one. Go to bed early enough so that you are not stressed at waking. Dream signs If your reality is distorted you may be dreaming. becoming incorporated just like an alarm or radio will sometimes work its way into a dream. Reality Testing Technique Even during the day check if you are dreaming by looking at your hands. Focus you conscience on staying conscience. Look at the digital alarm clock. Find a ritual or object that satisfies your imagination so that you can convince yourself that you will have a lucid dream. Here are some methods to stay lucid. I will have a lucid dream. thing that are impossible in waking life. Meditate on the Pons of the middle brain that are attributed luced dream brain activity. Cues enter your dream. and then gives you a cue (flashing lights or sounds) to remind you to recognize you are dreaming. NovaDreamer22 The NovaDreamer detects when you’re in REM sleep. Try to avoid this in waking life and you my do so in your dream world. One lucid dreamer played her favorite CD and the Music was gibberish. Upon waking keep the stress low wake up naturally without an alarm clock. So exercising your short term memory is necessary to your progress. superman type flying traveling at high speeds. looking at the words in a book then looking back. . Mnemonic Induction of Lucid Dreams (MILD) Chant a request I want to have a lucid dream. These things are hard to recognize because we want them to be true and we enjoy the deception. Say to your self what you are thinking moment to moment. He starts the signal then counts to ten then ends signal using Morse code. As soon as you think you are awake keep your eyes closed and reach for the journal let you mind recall the dream and write them down.

Now analyze the mind set required to stay calm while holding your breath. False Awakenings You dream that you are awake but you are not. This way of thinking helps you stay in the lucid dream25. . Try flight of the bumble bee in one breath24. if you are a trumpet player try to play a song on a single breath. Always perform your reality check when you appear to wake up. Breath Control Practice holding your breath and timing how long you can do it with the aim to increase this time.Dream Spinning When you are lucid and your dream seems to be ending start spinning in the dream after you stop the clarity returns.

] provided the necessary verification by instructing subjects to signal the onset of lucid dreams with specific dream actions that would be observable on a polygraph (i. and SP for lucid vs. Using this approach. A regression analysis clearly demonstrated that relative lucidity probability was a linear function of ordinal REM period number (r = . subjects report having been in the midst of a dream when a bizarre occurrence causes sufficient reflection to yield the realization that they are dreaming. and Dement (1986) analyzed physiological data from 76 signalverified lucid dreams (SVLDs) of 13 subjects. Nagel. Dement & Zarcone (1981) reported that the occurrence of lucid dreaming during unequivocal REM sleep had been demonstrated for five subjects. LaBerge. Lucid dreaming occurs during tonic REM sleep LaBerge. There are two distinct ways in which lucid dreams are initiated. the sleep stage was unequivocal REM in 70 cases (92%). For the first lucid epoch.. beginning with the initiation of the signal. Physiological comparison of EM. After being instructed in the method of lucid dream induction (MILD) described by LaBerge (1980b) the subjects were recorded from 2 to 20 nights each. subjects report having briefly awakened from a dream and then falling back asleep directly entering the dream with no (or very little) break in consciousness. all SVLDs qualified as REM. sleep stage was scored and rapid eye movements (EM) were counted. Lucid dreams have been frequently reported to occur most commonly late in the sleep cycle. to think clearly. 35 lucid dreams were reported subsequent to spontaneous awakening from various stages of sleep. In the course of the 34 nights of the study. non-lucid epochs revealed that the lucid epochs of the SVLD REM periods had significantly higher levels of physiological activation than the preceding epochs of nonlucid REM from the same REM period. if scalp skin-potential responses were observable as artifacts in the EEG.Steven LaBerge’s Research26 LaBerge (1990): "Lucid" dreamers (the term derives from van Eeden. and to act deliberately upon reflection. eye movements and fist clenches). Levitan. HR. 1913) report being able to freely remember the circumstances of waking life. RR. p < . For each epoch.e. less frequent case. We [LaBerge et al. The remaining six SVLDs were less than 30 s long and hence technically unscorable "by the book". The polysomnograms corresponding to each of the SVLDs were scored for sleep stages and every SVLD REM period was divided into 30 s epochs aligned with the lucidity onset signal. Heart rate (HR) and respiration rate (RR) were determined for SVLDs recorded with these measures. the entire SVLD was scored as a single epoch.98. In the usual case. . About 20% of the population reports having lucid dreams once a month or more. with this modification. For these cases. these were also counted (SP). The lucid dream signals were followed by an average of 115 s (range: 5 to 490 s) of uninterrupted REM sleep.0001). all while experiencing a dream world that seems vividly real. In the other.

The Interpretation of Dreams O'Flaherty. a Christian bishop of Ptolemais in the early fifth century a. New York: Avon Books (1965). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Wilkinson). Wendy Doniger. edited by Gaspare Giudice and Michael Müller). . Swedenborg's Dream Diary (2001. Odhner). Swedenborg's Dreams. 1984. and Other Realities. Illusion. 1744 (1859). G. the sacred Hindu texts that reach back to the seventh century b. Jack Kerouac (1922-1969). Burroughs (1914-1997). Emanuel Swedenborg's Journal of Dreams and Spiritual Experiences (1918. translated by Anders Hallengren). (O'Flaherty 1984) The treatise On Dreams. First published as Swedenborgs Drömmar. Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772). 1744 (1860. Translated by James Strachey. Th. Träume: "Ringkämpfe jede Nacht" (1993. Sigmund. The Interpretation of Dreams. 1900. J.Famous Dream Journals27 William S. (Lewis 1976). A dream diary compiled from Kafka's diaries and letters. Dreams. Freud. Book of Dreams (1961). My Education: A Book of Dreams (1995). translated by J. written by Synesios. We discover intriguing phenomenological descriptions of dreaming experience in the Upanishads.d. Franz Kafka (1883-1924).c. translated by C.

The Art of Dreaming Carlos Castaneda Harper Paperbacks Dream Yoga: Writings on Dreams and Astral Travel by Samael Aun Weor The Yoga of Sleep and Dreams by Aurobindo and The Mother The Tibetan Yogas of Dream and Sleep by Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche and Mark Dahlby .here-be-dreams.dreamanalysis. Bollingen Series 17 http://www.127 pages C.htm Private Myths: Dreams and Dreaming (Paperback) God Dreams Revelation Christian Interpretation http://www.G.lucidipedia.Further reading http://www.web-us.lucidipedia.cgjungpage. "The Practical Use of Dream-analysis".com/ http://www.1983 .htm http://en.Self-Help .html http://www.org http://kybele.dreamhawk. Jung: Lord of the Underworld by Colin Wilson Jung.html Between the Gates Mark Stavish Feb 2008 Suggested reading from the fratres after the paper was presented. The Practice of Psychotherapy.psych.org/wiki/Stephen_LaBerge http://www.com/bible.wikipedia.com/lucid/luciddreamingFAQ.com/psychology/jung. Hall .edu/~edelman/Psych-231/week7.php The Lucid Dream Manifesto The Interpretation of Dreams and LUCID DREAMS http://www. 147.com/misc/index.php?section=applications http://www.info/ Jungian dream interpretation: a handbook of theory and practice by James A. Carl (1934).org/wiki/Lucid_Dreaming http://en.com/misc/index.cornell.wikibooks.lucidity. ISBN 071001645X.

Appendix .

Source28 .

Ph.Jan 2001) pp 53-54 24 YouTube Zooter1940s (January 29.org/wiki/List_of_dream_diaries 28 NEW HORIZONS By /par Cdr A. Feynman (Paperback .1395391.R. Wamback http://wps.forces.2. and . when someone comes to consult Amphiaraos.info/ note: because this article doesn’t site its sources and I was not able to verify the attribution Martin Luther or St.net/featurestories/dream. D. Uma Rao1.ca/papers/csc/csc30/exnh/wamback. "Lucid Dreaming: Its Experimental Proof and Psychological Conditions".2. he set up an oracle of dreams. For instance I found Project Wittenberg silent on this and nothing on the Homilies of or St. lie down waiting for the revelation of a dream. 109 – 126. Stephen (1990). John Chrysostom on dreams. when he was considered a god. and people sacrifice to him and to all those whose names are on (the altar). And the first thing is to purify oneself. Washington.lucidity. Ralph Leighton. 2007 25 YouTube anamomda (January 17. 11 Carl Gustaf Jung “The practice of Psychotherapy” Collected Works 16 chapter on the application of dream analysis 12 Genesis 28:11-19 13 Genesis 41 14 Perchance to Dream by Anita Stratos http://www.cfc.lucidity.3 Ph.): Lucid Dreaming: Psychophysiological Studies of Consciousness during REM Sleep Sleep and Cognition. Pausanias Description of Greece 1. and Richard P. and the purification ritual is to sacrifice to the god. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science 21 (1): 159-162. (2004).htm 15 http://en.10.com/ Dream Views http://www.html 23 What Do You Care What Other People Think?: Further Adventures of a Curious Character by Richard Phillips Feynman. Franz Bardon “Introduction to Hermetics” 7 Ibid page 2 8 Carl Gustaf Jung “The practice of Psychotherapy” Collected Works 16 chapter on the application of dream analysis 9 Hypnos Wiki http://en.lucidity.Lucid Dreaming FAQ LaBerge.html 22 NovaDreamer http://www.com 21 Lucid dreaming: Evidence that REM sleep can support unimpaired cognitive function and a methodology for studying the psychophysiology of dreaming http://www.com/novadreamer. & Schacter..: American Psychological Association.org/wiki/Amphiareion_of_Oropos I think that Amphiaraos most of all dedicated himself to interpreting dreams: it is clear that. (Eds.D.D 19 ibid 20 LUCIDITY INSTITUTE http://www. Neuropsychopharmacology (1999) 21 723730. R.com/SleepAndCognition.L.gc.org/wiki/Electroencephalography 17 : YouTube anamomda “vlog 18: my favorite lucid dream” 18 Age-Related Effects of Scopolamine on REM Sleep Regulation in Normal Control Subjects: Relationship to Sleep Abnormalities in Depression.htm 2 1 .3 MD. Kihlstrom. L.. pp.org/wiki/Hypnos 10 Jung's Rediscovery of the Dream http://www. Version 2.1038/sj.34.html Electroencephalography http://en.com/slbbs/index. in Bootzen.html 27 List of dream diaries http://en.wikipedia.dreamanalysis.when these things are finished – they sacrifice a ram and spread out its skin under themselves.cornell. 4 Wikipedia “Lucid Dreaming” 5 Mark Stavish (Feb 2008) “Between the Gates” page 1 6 Richard Tschudi’s paper on Franz Bardon. 2007) “VLog 17 Lucid Dreaming” 26 Lucid Dreaming: Psychophysiological Studies of Consciousness during REM Sleep by Stephen LaBerge.npp.lucidity. R.edu/~edelman/Psych-231/pp-week7.D and Russell E Poland1.dreamviews. S. Preetam Lutchmansingh1 Ph.wikipedia.3 Watanabe Tsuneo (March 2003). http://www.wikipedia. J. 3 LaBerge. & Levitan.C.5 16 Lecture 7: dreaming http://kybele.wikipedia.Flight of the Bumble Bee & Mexican Hat Dance” January 29..psych.F.touregypt. D. 2007) “Rafael Mendez . John Chrysostom.

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