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Influence of mealybug (Pseudococcus spp.

)-infested bunches on wine quality in Carmenere and Chardonnay grapes


1. 2. 3. Edmundo Bordeu, Diego O. Troncoso, Tania Zaviezo* Article first published online: 11 NOV 2011 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2011.02830.x
2011 The Authors. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 2011 Institute of Food Science and Technology

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International Journal of Food Science & Technology Volume 47, Issue 2, pages 232239, February 2012 Additional Information(Show All) How to CiteAuthor InformationPublication History SEARCH
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Carmnre; chardonnay; mealybug-infested bunches; pseudococcidae; wine quality

Summary
This study evaluated the effects of processing grape with different proportions of mealybug-infested bunches in wine quality in cultivars Chardonnay and Carmnre. No differences in chemical composition of musts were found. Basic chemical composition for white and red wines was similar. In both cultivars total polyphenols decreased as the proportion of infested bunches increased, from 266 to 239 (mg L1 gallic acid) in Chardonnay and 2124 to 1820 in Carmnre. The same trend was observed in Carmnre for anthocyanins and tannins, by spectrophotometry and high performance liquid chromatography. Dimethyl amino cinnamaldehyde index in Carmnre went from 28.6 in wines 100% healthy bunches to 22.0 for the 100% infested, and tannin galoilation went from 3.85 to 0.74%. Sensory analysis showed that wines with larger proportion of infested grapes were associated with negative descriptors and lower quality. These results show that mealybugs have the potential of negatively impacting wine quality and this deserves further attention. View Full Article with Supporting Information (HTML) Get PDF (701K) More content like this

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