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ISTORIJSKI ^ASOPIS, kw. LV (2007) str.

99-111
HISTORICAL REVIEW, vol. LV (2007) pp. 99-111
UDK : 728.83:94](497.11)"13/14"

: 14.
15. ,
.
(castrum Nicodem)
1389. . , -
( ). 1459. ,
, - 1476.
12 .
Key words: Nekudim, Nekudim county, Nekudim nahiya, city, court, town,
Despot Stefan Lazarevi, Despot ura Brankovi.

,
, , , . -
.1

, .
,
1

. , i , i
, i, 6 (1854) 215-216,
, o (. 3).
1428. , , F.
Miklosich, Monumenta Serbica spectantia historiam Serbiae Bosniae Ragusii, Vindbonae
1858, 352-355. . ,
, 1876, 163-164.

99


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.2
,
.3

,

1476. .4

1389. .
, , 1389.
, ,
, .5
.
11. 1389. , ,
12. prope castrum Nicodem.
.6
, 21. ,
, .7
2

F. Raki, Prilozi za sbirku srbskih i bosanskih listina, Rad JAZU 1 (1967) 156; . ,
, , , , , , .,
3 (1890) 3-4; , I/2, -
1934, 11-21; . Lascaris, Actes serbes de Vatopdi, Byzantinoslavica 6 (1935-1936)
182-183; . , , . , 1950,
131-132; . , , 1962, 37.
3
. , , 164; . , ,
13 (1923) 221, 342; II,
, 1956, 86-87 (. -); . ,
,
, 17 (1966) 71-72.
4
Istanbul, Trkiye Cumhuriyeti Babakanlik Devlet Arivleri Genel Mdrlg, Osmanl Arivi,
Tapu tahrir defteri (= D) No. 16 (1476), ( ).
5
. , - 1402. , (=) 1-2 (1959)
96-100; . , .
, 1-2 (1985) 14-18; . ,
, 2006, , 148-149.
6
,
E. Mlyusz, Zsigmondkori oklevltr I, Budapest 1951,
. (Dl 7530),
P. Engel, Magyarorszg vilgi archontolgija 1301-1457
I, Budapest 1996, 375.
7
E. Mlyusz, Zsigmondkori oklevltr I, 150; . , - , 98-99; .
, , 18; . , .

100


,
, .
, 1. 1389. .8
Lownicha, ,
. ,
, .9
,
I,
, .10 .
,
.
, 23. 11. 1389.
, .11 1476. 1516.
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o.12 1523. 1528.
, .13
,
. 29.
1412. ( )
.14
, ,
8

E. Mlyusz, Zsigmondkori oklevltr I, 147, 150-151; . , - , 98-99.


A. Verancsics, sszes munki, Monumenta Hungariae Historica, Scriptores II, Pest 1857, 301302; P. Matkovi, Putovanja po Balkanskom poluotoku 16. vieka. Putovanje Antuna Vrania u
Carigrad 1553, Rad JAZU 71 (1884) 22.
10
. , , 2006, 36-37; G. Luccari, Copioso ristretto degli
annali di Ragusa, Ragusa 1790, 97.
11
E. Mlyusz, Zsigmondkori oklevltr I, 150, . 1265, 1266; . , -
, 98-99, , .
in Clementis , . (23. 11.).
12
D 16 (1476); D 1007 (1516); . ,
, (=) 49 (2003) 153.
13
. , (15. 16. ) I,
1984, 16-20; . -, 1476-1560. , ,
, 2004, 51.
14
. , , 57; . ,
1412. , , 2004, 170-172, , 13 ( 1390. ),
1390, 1412. .
9

101


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.15 27. 1428.
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1405.
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, 1428/29. ,
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.17 , 28. 1432. ,
,
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100 .
.18 ,
.19
1433.
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.
15

,
, : . , II, 1988, 353;
. , , 1994, 123, 148, 699.
16
: . ,
I/2, 11-21; . , , 114-116; . ,
, 1997, 137-138, 156, 241.
17
. , , 3-4; . ,
, 1912, 334; . ,
, , 1978, 60; . ,
, 20 (1973) 128-129; . ,
, 13 (1976) 13-14; . , , 116-117.
18
( )
: . Lascaris, Actes serbes de Vatopdi, 182-183; . ,
,
(=) 11 (1968) 254, 257; . , , 18; . ,
, 171-172.
19
. , , 60; . ,
, 14 (1984) 54; . ,
, 704-705.

102


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.20

, , .

, .

,
. Nicodem (ville champestre),
,

.
50 .
,
.
.
, . ,
,
, .
,
VIII,
. .21
, , ,
ville champestre.22
, ,23
, ,
.
, , .24
20

., , . , 3-5.
. , , 131-132; . , I, 354; . ,
15. , 1-2 (1993) 46-47; . , ,
168-169; . , , 2001, 153-154.
22
(tresgrande, asss grosse ville
champestre): . , , 130, 146, 148.
23
. , 14. 15.
, 14 (1894) 54.
24
. , ville champestre
, ,
/ / , : . , ,
1968, 101, 113-115, 120.
21

103



ville champestre , .25
, ,
. ,
, (ville, bonne ville).26 ,
,
,
,
oppidum, mezvros. ezvros ville champestre
.27
, 15.
.28 ville champestre ,
, .
.
,
. ,
1439. 1444. ,
.29

1458. .

,
.
,
.30
25

P. Matkovi, Putovanja po Balkanskom poluotoku za srednjega vieka, Rad JAZU 42 (1878)


172; . , I, 1880, 192.
26
13-15. , villes champestres
(bonnes villes), (citez fermes),
(chasteaux): Dictionnaire de la langue franaise, par . Litr de lAcademi francaise
I, IV, Paris 1873-1874, s. v. champtre, ville.
27
P. Engel, The Realm of St. Stepfen. A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526, London-New
York 2001, 244-245, 250-257, 262-264.
28
, ed. . . , 1999, s. v.
(. ), (. ), (. -).
29
. , , 699. ,
.
30

, : F. Raki,
Prilozi, 156; . , , 537-538.

104


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, 16. .
1523. 1528. .31
1476.
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, , 1389. ,
31
. , 15. 16. , 3-4 (1955) 61; .
, , 16-20; . -, , 46-51.
32
D 16 (1476).
33
, ,
- ,
, . : II, 109-111 (. );
. , , 1974, 96-97 (); . ,
(1459-1683), 1970, 21-30;
, . . , 2005, 56.

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1433. . ,
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,
.34
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.

, .35

,36
.

.37
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34
. , , 10-1 (1968) 237-244;
(=) 2, 1982, 125 (. ); . ,
, 2006, 254-256; . , , 296; ,
92-93, s. v. (. ).
35
, , .
.
, , ( ).
36
, (. ),
, , , , , : .
, , 127-135.
37

, : , 147-148.
38
, , ,
----
: . , , : ,
2006, 217-224; , , , 471-480; .
, , 20
(1984) 67-82; . , ,
- , , 2000, 233-245; .
, ,
- , 249-255.

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(, ).39
, , 1439.
, , .40
, ,
,
, .
, ,
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19.
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,
. 1828.
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.43
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39

. , : , , ,
, 1997, 430-434; . ,
, 43 (2006) 194-201.
40
, , , :
. , , 61-62; . , , 200.
41
. , , 164.
42
. , , 342; J. , ,
64, 1951, 62-63,
.
.
43
II, 86-87.
44
. , , 71-72.

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II, 190; . , , 70-71; . ,


, 15 (1991)
43-44; . ,
, 1,
1997, 249.
46
. , , 60,
,
.
47
BBA TTD 16 (1476).
48
,
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: , s. v. (. ).

108


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49

. , , 149-150; , , 3/4 (2006) 105-106.


50
BBA, TTD 16 (1476); . , , 237-244; , 92-93, s. v. (.
); . -, , 46.
51
BBA, TTD 16 (1476).
15. .

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BBA, TTD 16 (1476); . -, , 48.


. , , 2006, 31-55,
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2006.
.
: . , . ,
. , . , , 2007, 44-48.
53

110

Aleksandar Krsti
THE CITY OF NEKUDIM AND NEKUDIM'S COUNTY(VLAST)
Summary
In the sources from the late 14th and mid-15th centuries, Nekudim is
mentioned as the fort, settlement, and residence of Serb rulers, Despots Stefan
Lazarevi and ura Brankovi. The earliest and hitherto unknown information
about the Nikodim fort (castrum Nicodem) comes from a 1389 Charter of the
Hungarian King Zsigmond. Nekudim was located near the village of
Pridvorice, Southwest of Smederevska Palanka, and during the reign of the
despots was the center of the military-administrative county (Nekudim's
vlast). Following the Ottoman conquest of Serbia in 1459, the Nekudim
nahia was formed, while the settlement Nekudim itself was a smallish village
in 1476, it consisted of 12 houses.
111