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Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv

kvIqfpIƒ°v Gs‰Sp°mhp∂ Nne {]h¿Ø\


]cn]mSnIƒ
_me-imkv{X tIm¨{K v
Dt±-iy-߃
1. kmaq-ly-{]-Xn-_≤
- X D≠m-IØ
- ° {]h¿Ø-\ß
- ƒ Gs‰-Sp-°p-hm≥ Ip´n-Isf {]m]vXc- m-°p-I.
2. imkv{X-]T- \
- w hgn t\Sp∂ Adn-hp-Iƒ PohnX {]iv\ ]cn-lm-cØ
- n\v hn\n-tbm-Kn-°p-hm≥ Ip´n-Isf {]m]vX-
cm-°p-I.
kwLm-S\w
kvIqƒX-ew, ]©m-bØ
- X
v e
- w, _n.-B¿.kn Xew
1. ]cn-io-e\
- ß
- ƒ
Pn√m-Xew ˛Un.-B¿.Pn ]cn-io-e\w
kvIqƒXe _me-imkv{X tIm¨{Kkv hnj-\nwKv
Fkv.B
- ¿.Pn I¨ho-\¿am-cpsS GI-Zn\ ]cn-io-e\w
$ _me-imkv{X tIm¨{Kkv F¥v ?
$ kwLm-S\w Fßs\ ?
$ hnjbw F¥v ?
$ KpW-t`m-‡m-°ƒ Bcv ?
$ ]©mb-Øp-Xe Xøm-sd-Sp-∏p-Iƒ
(A-[ym-]IcpsS ]cn-io-e\ - Ø
- n¬ hnj-\nwKv \SØmw) (bp.]n. hn`mKw)
2. kvIqƒX-eØ - n¬ tPymXn-imkv{Xw F∂ hnj-bØ - n-eq∂n 4 t]¿ hoX-aS- ß- p∂ Soap-Iƒ t{]mPIvSv sNøp-
∂p. anI® coXn-bn¬ t{]mPIvSv sNbvX 2 {Kq∏p-Isf ]©m-bØ - p-Xe- Ø
- n-te°v sXc-s™-Sp-°W - w.
3. kvIqƒX-eØ - n¬ Xøm-dm-°nb t{]mP-IvSp-Iƒ sa®-s∏-SpØn ]©m-bØvXe-Øn¬ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-°p-∂p. (]-
s¶-SpØ Ip´n-Iƒ°v t{KUv \¬In sadn‰v k¿´n-^n-°‰v \¬I-Ww)
4. tUmIyp-sa-t‚-j≥ (kn.-Un)
5. Ip´n-If- psS t{]mPIvSv kw{Klw ]pkvXI- a- m-°¬ (Pn-√b
- nse bp.]n. kvIqfns‚ FÆw)
2. em_ns\ Adn-b¬
Dt±-iy-߃
$ 5,6,7 ¢m p-If- nse bqWn-‰p-If- psS A]-{K-Y\w \SØn Bh-iy-amb kma-{Kn-Iƒ Is≠-Øp-∂X
- n\v
$ kvIqƒem-_n¬ Fs¥√mw kma-{Kn-Iƒ Ds≠∂p Is≠-Øp-∂X
- n\v, enÃv Xøm-dm-°p-∂X
- n\v
$ C\n Bh-iy-ambh Is≠Øn enÃv sNøp-∂X
- n\v.

1
Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv

$ imkv{X-kw-_‘- a- mb d^-d≥kv {KŸ-߃ Is≠Øn ¢m n¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-hm≥ X°-hÆw {Iao-Ic- n-°p-∂-


Xn-\.v
$ Iºyq-´¿ {]h¿Ø-\£-aX - , Bh-iy-amb kn.-Un-If- psS e`yX (tPym-Xn-im-k{v X-hp-ambn _‘s∏´ kn.-Un-Iƒ)
$ A[ym-]I- ¿°v ]co-£Ww sNøp-∂X - n\v ]cn-io-e\w e`y-am-°p-∂X
- n\v
$ Ip´n-Iƒ ]co-£W- {- ]-h¿Ø-\ß - f- n¬ G¿s∏-Sp-∂X - n\v
1 bqWn‰v A]-{K-Y\w, enÃv sNø¬, kma-{Kn-Iƒ Is≠-ج
2 em_n-ep≈ kma-{Kn-Iƒ Is≠-ج, {Iao-Ic- n-°¬, C\n Bh-iy-am-bh enÃv sNø¬
3 imkv{X kw_-‘n-bmb {KŸ-߃ Is≠-ج, {Iao-Ic- n-°¬
4 C\n Bh-iy-amb d^-d≥kv {KŸ-߃ enÃv sNø¬
5. ]n.-Sn.F FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv ao‰nwKv ˛ Bh-iy-߃ t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥
6. ^≠v Is≠-ج ˛ F¬.-Fk
- .v P
- n-^≠
- ,v kvt]m¨k-dnwKv.....
7. tPymXn-im-k{v X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ ]co-£W
- ß
- f- psS ssI∏p-kX
v Iw \n¿ΩmWw (Ip-´n-Iƒ°pw A[ym-]I
- ¿°pw)
3. A[ym-]I ]cn-io-e\w
Dt±-iy߃
1 A[ym-]I
- ¿°v imkv{X-Øns‚ coXn-b\
- p-kc- n®v imkv{X-t_m-[\w \S-Øp-∂X
- n-\p≈ Ignhv h¿[n-∏n-°p-∂X
- n\v
2 ]co-£Ww sNøp-∂X
- n¬ sshZKv[yhpw Bfl-hn-izm-khpw t\Sp-∂X
- n\v
3. imkv{X-t_m-[\
- Ø
- n¬ hnh-ck
- m-t¶-XnI hnZy-bpsS D]-tbmKw Xncn-®d- n-bp-∂X
- n\v
Pn√m-Xe in¬∏-imeIƒ
$ ]mTy-]≤ - Xn Dt±-iy-ßf- n¬ \n∂pw ]T\ {]iv\ß - ƒ Is≠-ج
$ A\p-tbm-Py-amb ]T-\X - {- ¥-߃ Xøm-dm-°p-∂p.
$ ]co-£W - ß- ƒ enÃp sNøp-∂p.
$ ]co-£W - ß- ƒ A[ym-]I - ¿ kwL-ambn sNøp-∂p.
$ sNe-hp-Ip-d™ D]-Ic- W - ß - f- psS \n¿ΩmWw
$ ]n.-Sn.F t_m[-h¬°-cW samUyqƒ ]cn-Nb - s- ∏-Sp-∂p.
sF.Sn ]cn-io-e\w
(tPymXn imkv{X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´)v
$ ]h¿ t]mbn‚p kn.-Un-IfpsS \n¿ΩmWw
$ 2 t]c-Sß - p∂ kvIqƒ Soan\v ]cn-io-e\w
$ kn.Un hnj-b_ - ‘- n-Xa- mbn ]cn-Nb - s- ∏-Sp-∂p.
$ kn.Un D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂Xn\p≈ ]cn-io-e\w
$ sNe-hp-Ip-d™ D]-Ic- W - ß - f- psS \n¿ΩmWw
$ ]n.-Sn.F t_m[-h¬°-cW samUyqƒ ]cn-Nb - s- ∏-Sp-∂p.

2
Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv

4. kl-hmk Iymºp-Iƒ
Dt±-iy߃
$ Iq´m-bav b
- n-eqsS tPymXn-im-k{v X-]T- \
- m-\p-`h
- ß
- ƒ e`y-am-°p-∂X
- n\v
$ hy‡n-Xz-hn-Im-kØ
- n\v Ah-kc- a- p-≠m-°p-∂Xn\v.
$ tPymXn-im-k{v X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v sshhn-[y-am¿∂ ]T-\m-\p-`h
- ß
- ƒ Hcp°p-∂X
- n\v
$ ¢m v dqan¬ \¬Ip-hm≥ Ign-bmØ A\p-`h
- ß
- ƒ e`y-am-°p-∂X
- n\v
kwLm-S\w ˛ ]©m-bØ
- X
v ew
1. kwLm-SI kanXn
2. samUyqƒ \n¿ΩmWw (Un.-B¿.-Pn)
3. ]cn-io-e\w (A-[ym-]I
- ¿°v)
4. kl-hm-kI
- ymºv
5. Pooling of Experts ˛ hnZ-K[
v sc Is≠ج
Dt±-iy-߃
$ hnZ-K[
v sc Is≠Øn Ah-cpsS tkh\w {]tbm-P\
- s- ∏-Sp-ج
$ imkv{X-¢∫
- p-If- psS {]h¿Ø\w sa®-s∏-Sp-ج
kwLm-S\w ˛ kvIqƒX-ew, _n.-B¿.-kn-Xew
1. kvIqƒXe At\z-jW - Ø
- n-eqsS hnhn[ taJ-eb
- nse (Ir-jn, BtcmKyw, Ie, Imbn-Iw...-tPym-Xn-imkv{Xw)
hnZ-K[
v sc {]tZ-iØ
- p-\n∂p Is≠-Øp-∂p.
enÃv F.-C.Hbv°v / _n.-B¿.kn°v ssIam-dp-∂p.
2 ]©m-bØv Xe-Øn¬ enÃv t{ImUo-Ic- n-°p-∂p.
3. {]n‚Uv tUmIyp-sa‚m°n am‰p-∂p.
4. hnZ-K[
v cpsS tkh\w {]tbm-P\
- s- ∏-SpØn imkv{X ¢∫p-If- psS {]h¿Ø\w sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.
6. ]T-\-bm{X
Dt±-iy߃
t\cn-´p- ≈ A\p-`h
- ß
- f- n-eqsS {]iv\ ]cn-lc- W
- Ø
- n\pw kmaqly CS-s]-Se
- n-\pap≈ Ah-kcw Hcp-°p-∂X
- n\pw
]pXnb kml-Nc- y-ßf- n¬ s]cp-am-dp-∂s- X-ßs- \-sb∂p ]Tn-°p-∂X
- n\pw.
kwLm-S\w ˛ kvIqƒ Xew
^o¬Uv {Sn∏v
$ sXc-s™-Sp-°m-hp∂ ÿe-߃
˛ ^mIvSd- n-Iƒ
˛ \£-{X-\n-co-£W tI{µ-߃

3
Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv

˛ πm\-t‰-dn-bw
˛ imkv{X-ÿm-]\
- ß
- ƒ
˛ ]pcm-hk
- X
v p-tI-{µ-߃
˛ Ncn-{X-kav m-cI
- ß
- ƒ
A\p-tbm-Py-amb ÿew ap≥Iq´n Is≠Øn aps∂m-cp-°ß
- t- fmsS bm{X. dnt∏m¿´v {]tXyIw Xøm-dm-°¬
7. imkv-{X-taf
Ip´n-If- psS imkv{Xo-ba- mb Is≠-Øe
- p-Iƒ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-°p-I. Ahbv°v AwKo-Imcw t\Sn-sb-Sp-°m-\p≈ Ah-
kcw \¬Ip-I.
kwLm-S\w
F. kvIqƒXew
$ Fkv.B
- ¿.Pn tbmKw
$ kvIqƒ hnI-k\ kanXn ( PTA, MTA)
$ kb≥kv ¢∫v {]h¿Ø\Øns‚ `mK-ambpw ¢mkv dqw {]h¿Ø-\Ø - ns‚ `mK-ambpw h∂ t{]mP-IvSp-Iƒ,
D¬∏-∂ß - ƒ, ]co-£W - ß - ƒ, hni-Ie
- \
- t- c-JI
- ƒ, Is≠-Øe
- p-Iƒ, dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ F∂nh Dƒs∏-Sp-ØWw
(tPym-Xn-im-k{v X-Øn\p {][m-\yw \¬IWw)
F√m kvIqfnepw Htc Znhkw imkv{X-ta-fI
- ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°Ww
(im-k{v X-ta-fb
- psS kvtImdnwKn\v kmaq-ly-aq-ey-w IqSn IW-°nseSp°-Ww.)
_n. ]©m-bØv Xew
]n.-C.kn tbmKw
$ anI® hy‡n-K-X, {Kq∏p-Xe D¬]-∂-߃ (5 FÆw) kvIqfp-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]©m-b-Øp-Xe imkv{X-ta-f-bn-
te°v sXc-s™-Sp-°p-I.
$ kvIqƒ Xe-Øn¬ Xs∂ sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.
$ ]©m-bØ
- p-Xe
- Ø
- n¬ {]Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂p.
$ anI® 5 FÆw sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂p.
8. DW¿∆v
Dt±-iy߃
$ tPymXn-im-k{v X-h¿j-Øn-s‚ {]m[m\yw, {]k-‡n XpS-ßn-bh P\-ßf- n-se-Øn-°p-∂X
- n\v.
$ A\p-tbm-Py-amb {]N-mcW ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Bhn-j°
v c- n-°p-∂X
- n\pw P\-ßf- n-se-Øn-°p-∂X
- n\pw.
$ _n.-B¿.kn Xe Sow tamWn-´d- nw-Kn-eqsS imkv{X-]T- \w sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X
- n\v s{Sbn-t\gvkn\v X’-ab klmbw
\¬I¬.
$ kvIqfns‚ anI-hp-Iƒ hn\nabw sNøp-∂X
- n\v.

4
Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv

kwLm-S\w : _n.-B¿.kn
1. tPymXn-im-k{v X-hn-fw- _c PmY
2. t]mÿ & Ãn°-¿ Xøm-dm-°¬
3. tPymXn-imkv{X kn.Un Xøm-dm-°¬
(]h¿t]m-bn‚ ,v C‚-dm-ISv ohv hoUntbm kn.Un)
4. Sow tamWn-´d- nwKv kao-]\
- t- cJ Xøm-dm-°¬
5. tamWn-´d- nwKv Soap-Iƒ \n›-bn-°¬
6. Soap-Iƒ kvIqfp-Iƒ kµ¿in®v hn`h klmbw \¬I¬
7. hoUntbm Iem-Pm-Ybpw ]m\¬ {]Z¿i-\hpw
8. anIhv ˛ kvIqƒ X\-Xp-]c- n-]m-Sn-bpsS Ah-Xc- Ww
(kvIqƒX-ew, ]©m-bØ
- X
v e
- w, _n.-B¿.-kn-Xe
- w)
9. \nc-¥c aqey-\n¿Wbw
Dt±-iy߃
1. h¿°vjo‰v \n¿ΩmWw
2. kzbw hne-bn-cp-Øp-hm\pw c£n-Xm-°ƒ Ip´n-Isf hne-bn-cp-Øp-hm-\p-ap≈ t^m¿am-‰p-If- psS hni-Ie
- \
- w.
kwLm-S\w
A[ym-]I ]cn-io-e\
- Ø
- ns‚ `mK-ambn A\p-tbm-Py-am-b- h¿°vjo‰p-Iƒ cq]-s∏-Sp-∂p.
h¿°vjo‰v ˛ {]n‚nw-K,v hnX-cWw (¢Ã-dn-t\m-S\
- p-_‘
- n®v h¿°v jo‰v cq]-s∏-Sp-ج; {]n‚nwKv hnX-cW
- w)
10. ]T-t\m-]-I-c-W-߃ \n¿Ωn°mw ]pXnb Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ \S-Ømw.
1. ]pXnb ]T-t\m-]I
- c- W
- ß
- ƒ \n¿Ωn-°¬.
2. ]pXnb Is≠-Øe
- p-Iƒ \S-Øm≥ kµ¿`-sam-cp-°¬ Ah hn\n-abw sNø¬.
1. ]T-t\m-]I
- c- W
- i
- n-e]
v i
- me kwÿm-\X
- e
- w, Pn√m-Xew
(BRC Trainers & Teachers)
2. ]T-t\m-]I
- c- W
- i
- n-e]
v i
- me (Ip-´n-Iƒ + Sot®gvk)v ]T-\I
- n‰v cp]o-Ic- W
- w.
3. ]co-£W In‰p-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v Ip´n-im-k{v X-⁄≥am¿ kvIqfp-If- n¬ inev]i
- me kwL-Sn-∏n-°¬.
11. imkv{X-h¿jw 2009
kvIqƒXe X\Xv {]h¿Ø-\-߃
A¥m-cm-jv{S- tPym-Xn-im-kv{X-h¿j-Øns‚ `mK-ambn kvIqƒ Xe-Øn¬ Gs‰-Sp-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp∂
{]h¿Ø-\ß - f- psS \n¿t±-iß
- ƒ. (F√m {]h¿Ø-\ß - fpw Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠X - n-√. \n›-bn-°p∂ {]h¿Ø-\ß
- ƒ
Nn´-bmbpw IrXy-ambpw \S-°p∂psh∂v Dd-∏p-hc- p-Øp-Ib
- mWv th≠-X.v )

5
Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv

$ tPymXn-im-k{v X-]m¿e-sa‚ v
Ip´n-Iƒ ap≥Iq´n Xøm-dm-°nb tPymXn-im-k{v X-kw-_‘
- a- mb tNmZy-߃°v hnZ-K[ v ¿ DØcw \¬Ip-∂p.
(¢m v / kvIqƒX-eØ- n¬ \S-Ømw. apXn¿∂-hc- p-sSbpw A[ym-]I - c- p-sSbpw kwi-bß- ƒ D∂-bn-°mw.)
$ \£{X \nco-£Ww
c£n-Xm-°ƒ, Ip´n-Iƒ F∂n-h¿°v \£{X-\n-co-£W ¢m v (Ip´n-If- psS {]mtZ-inI Iq´m-bav I
- ƒ cp]o-I-
cn®v XpS¿ \nco-£Ww \S-Øp-∂X
- n\v \n¿t±-iß
- fpw klm-bhpw D≠m-hW- w.)
$ Hm∏¨ Iznkv
kvIqƒX-eØ- n¬ s]mXp-th-Zn-Iƒ D]-tbm-Ks- ∏-SpØn \S-Ømw. ¢mkv hyXym-ka- n-√msX Gh¿°pw ]s¶-
Sp°mw. ]s¶-Sp-°m-Øh
- ¿ tIgvhn°m-cmbn \n¿_-‘a- mbpw D≠m-hWw
$ tNmZy-s∏´n
kwi-bß
- ƒ s]´n-bn¬ \nt£-]n-°mw. DØ-cß
- ƒ Is≠Øn s]mXp-t_m¿Uv / Akw-ªn-bn¬ Ah-Xc- -
Ww.
$ Nn{X-Km-edn
{]i-kXv c- mb imkv{X-⁄cpsS Nn{X߃, t^mt´m-Iƒ, eLp-hn-hc- W
- ß
- ƒ F∂nh {]n‚ v sNbvXv kvIqƒ
`nØn-bn¬ {]Z¿in∏n-°¬.
$ imkv{X-Ie
- m-]c- n-]m-Sn-Iƒ
$ imkv{X-\m-SI
- °
- f- cn
$ imkv{X-am-knI
imkv{X-hn-`-h-ß-fp-ambn ¢mkv Xe-Øn¬ ssIsø-gpØv cq]-Øn¬. kvIqƒX-e-Øn¬ ¢m v-Xe
amkn-II
- f- nse anI® cN-\I
- ƒ Dƒs∏-SpØn {]n‚Uv amK-kn≥ Xøm-dm-°mw.
$ Zn\m-Nc- W
- ß
- ƒ
h¿j-Øns‚ {]m[m\yw Dƒs°m≠v Zn\m-Nc- W
- ß
- ƒ ]mT-`m-Kß- f- p-ambn _‘n-∏n®v \S-ØWw. kvIqƒ
hm¿jnI Ie-≠¿ Xøm-dm-°p-tºmƒ imkv{X-kw-_‘
- a- mb Zn\-߃ ]cn-KW - n-°W
- w.
$ ¢m v em_v
eLp-]c- o-£W
- ß- ƒ Hcp-°p-∂X
- n\v Bh-iy-amb kma-{Kn-Iƒ ¢m v Xe-Øn¬ tiJ-cn-°¬. Hmtcm Ip´n-
bpw hI-kn-∏n-°p∂ imkv{X-In‰v CXp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v \S-ØW - w.
$ AXnYn ¢m p-Iƒ
kvIqƒ / ¢mkv Xe-Øn¬ hnj-b-ta-J-e-I-fn¬ \n]p-W-cmb Bfp-I-fpsS ¢m p-Iƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°¬.
A`n-apJhpw \S-Ømw.
$ kl-hm-kI
- ymºv
imkv{X-Øn\v {]m[m\yw \¬In i\n, Rmb¿ Dƒs∏-SpØn ct≠m aqt∂m Znh-ksØ kl-hm-kI - ymºv
Hcp-°¬. \£-{X-\n-co-£W
- a- pƒs∏-sS-bp≈ Imcy-߃ kpK-aa- mbn \S-Øp-∂X
- n\v CXv klm-bI
- a- m-Ipw.

6
Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv

$ Ip´n-If- psS s]mXp-tbmKw


imkv{X-hn-jb- ß
- f- n¬ t\Snb Adn-hp-Iƒ kaq-lh- p-ambn ]¶pshbv°p-∂X- n\pw Ahsc t_m[y-s∏-Sp-
Øp-∂X- n\pw kvIqfn-\S- p-Øp≈ s]mXp-ÿe
- Øv Hcp tbmKw kwL-Sn-∏n-°¬. kwLm-SI- cpw \S-Øn∏pImcpw
{]mkw-Kn-Icpw F√mw Ip´n-Iƒ Xs∂-bm-hW - w.
$ ]cn-ÿnXn kulrZ hnZym-ebw
aen-\o-Ic- W
- hpw πmÃn°pw Hgn-hm°n at\m-lc- a- mb hnZym-eb
- a- mbn kvIqfp-Iƒ amd-Ww. CXn-\m-hi
- y-
amb coXn-bn¬ ¢∫p-If- psS {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°Ww. kvIqƒ kuµ-cy-h¬°-cWw {]mh¿Øn-
I-am-°W- w.
$ ]T-t\m-]I
- c- W \n¿ΩmW inev]i
- me
$ tem°¬ dntkmgvkv am∏nwKv
$ imkv{X ]pkvXI/ kn.Un sse{_dn
$ \m´-dn-hp-ti-Jc- Ww
$ F^v.F
- w. tdmUntbm km[y-XI
- ƒ Bcm-b¬