In folklore and paranormal studies, a poltergeist phenomenon alludes to the appar ent yet unexplained manifestation of multiple force
reactions caused by a seemin gly invisible entity. Most accounts of poltergeist manifestations involve such f orce being triggered at objects, usually household (destruction and relocation o f furniture, levitation of cutlery, knocking on the doors), although some seem t o describe accompanying hallucinations, as well as physical attacks on human wit nesses. Such actions can include pinching, biting, hitting and tripping the vict im, or producing sentient noises (moaning, laughing, talking etc.) without clear source. Poltergeists occupy numerous niches in cultural folklore, and have traditionally been described as troublesome spirits who, unlike ghosts, haunt a particular pe rson instead of a specific location. Such alleged poltergeist manifestations hav e been reported in many cultures and countries including the United States, Japa n, Brazil, Australia, and most European nations. The earliest recorded cases date back to the 1st century. Look up poltergeist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Contents 1 Etymology 2 Observation 3 Interpretations 3.1 Science 3.2 Paranormal 4 Famous poltergeist cases 4.1 Lithobolia (1698) 4.2 Borley Rectory (1937) 4.3 Rosenheim, Germany (1967) 4.4 Other cases 5 Poltergeists in fiction 6 See also 7 References 8 External links Etymology The word poltergeist comes from the German words poltern ("to make sound") and G eist ("ghost"), and the term itself roughly translates as "noisy ghost" or "nois e-ghost". Observation Most reports of poltergeist manifestations involve noises and destruction that h ave no immediate or verifiable cause. Situations include inanimate objects being picked up and thrown; noises such as knocking, rapping, or even human voices; a nd physical attacks on human beings, such as pinching, biting, and hitting. Single poltergeist cases often range in duration from a few hours to several mon ths.