Form 2 Science

Chapter 2

FORM 2 CHAPTER 2
NUTRITION

1. Diagram 1 shows part of the human digestive system.

X
P: …………………………….

Q: …………………………….
R: …………………………….

Diagram 1

(a) Label structures P, Q and R using the following words.
Pancreas

Liver

Oesophagus
[3 marks]

(b) (i) Name the enzyme that is found in X.
……………………………………………………………………………….............................
[1 mark]
(ii) State the function of the enzyme in b(i).
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(c) State the function of R.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(d) Name the process by which food is moved along P.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

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66

Form 2 Science
Chapter 2

2. Diagram 2 shows some parts of the digestive system.

N

K

M
L
Diagram 2
(a) Name the following parts:
K : ………………………………. ….. ………………………………………………………..
L : ………………………………..… …………………………………………………………..
M : ………………………………………………………………………………………………
N : ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
[4 marks]
(b) What is stored in the part labelled K? Where is it produced?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]
(c) Digestion of food ends in part L. State the end products of digestion for:

(i)

carbohydrates : ………………………………………………………………………
…..

(ii)

protein

: ………………………………………………………………………….

(iii)

fats

: ………………………………………………………………………….
[3 marks]

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 2

3. Diagram 3 shows the classes of food. Complete Diagram 3.
Class of Food

Water

Vitamins

Fats

Diagram 3
(a) Name the classes of food in Diagram 3.
[4 marks]
(b) Draw lines to show the correct match between the class of food and its function.
Function

Class of food
Carbohydrate

To build new cells

Fibre
To supply energy
Protein
To prevent constipation
Mineral

[3 marks]
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Form 2 Science
Chapter 2

4. Diagram 4.1 shows the average energy requirement for different groups of people.

A
do
Male adults le
Female adults
sc
en
t
gir
ls

20000
18000
16000
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0

kilo/joule

Adol
esce
nt
boys

Ch
ildr
en

Babies

Average energy required per day
Diagram 4.1
(a) Based on Diagram 4.1, state the average energy required per day for:

(i)

babies : …….…………………………………………………. ………………………
…….

(ii)

male adults : …………………………………………………………………………
……
[2 marks]

(b) Who requires the most energy?
…………………….………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(c) Table 4.2 shows the calorific value of certain food.

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Food

Quantity

Calorific (kJ)

Fried rice

1 plate

2675

Coffee

1 cup

294

Kuih koci

1 piece

344

Banana

1 fruit

378

69

Form 2 Science
Chapter 2

Table 4.2

Calculate the calorific value of the following meal by referring to Table 1.
Fried rice

1 plate

Kuih koci

1 piece

Banana

2 fruits

Coffee

1 cup

[2 marks]

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 2

5. An experiment has been carried out as shown in Diagram 5. Some distilled water from each
boiling tube A and B is tested for starch and glucose respectively at the beginning and after
20 minutes.

Diagram 5
(a) What is the aim of the experiment?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

(b) Complete the table below based on the experiment..
Boiling tube

A
( Test for Starch )

B
(Test for glucose)

Absent

Absent

Beginning of experiment
After 20 minutes

[2 marks]

(c) What can be inferred from the results in 5 (b).
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
(d) State the variables in the experiment.
(i) Manipulated variable:…………………………………………………………………………

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 2

(ii) Responding variable: …………………………………………………………………………

(iii)

Control variable: …………………………………………………………………………
…..
[3 marks]

(e) Name the reagent used to test for the presence of
(i) starch: …………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) glucose: ………………………………………………………………………………………
(f)

Which part of the alimentary canal is represented by the:
(i) visking tube: …………………………………………………………………………………..
(ii) distilled water: …………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

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