# KC TUITION: 012 – 3877 265

Chapter Five: Air Around Us 1. Air is a mixture of several gas: Nitrogen Oxygen Carbon dioxide Inert/rare gases (0.93 %) + water vapour + microorganisms • • 78 % 21 % 0.03 % 1%

3.

Experiment to show that air contains: i) Water vapour

Each gas is present in a certain average percentage The word ‘average’ is used because the percentages of these gases in the air is different from place to place and from time to time

2.

Experiment to estimate the percentage of oxygen in the air = 21 %: i) Mark the measuring cylinder into 5 parts and light up the candle (bottom part in the water) until it extinguishes

At the end of experiment, liquids formed on the external surface of the boiling tube test with dry cobalt chloride paper (blue pink) Water vapour in the air condenses on the cool surface to form water

ii) Micro organisms

• Observation: Water level rises up 1/5 = 20 %. ii) Cover a burning candle with measuring cylinder

Micro organisms in the air obtain their food from the nutrient agar

iii) Dust a

Dust is seen on the sticky side

Let’s Test Yourself 5.1 1. a) State the average percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and oxygen in air. b) Why is the term ‘average’ used? Observation: Water level rises up and the percentage of oxygen in air = x – y × 100 % x 2. Name the class of living things that can be found in the air. Give examples. Why is air a mixture?

3.

Prepared By: K.C. Ngu

Form 1: Chapter 5 – Week 16