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Chapter Three: Matter 1. Density = mass Volume = mass per unit volume of an object = g cm – 3 or kg m – 3 2. Denser object, large value of density. Substance Cork Ice Gold Pure water Sea water Glycerine Mercury Air Oxygen Density/g cm – 3 0.24 0.92 19.3 1.00 1.02 1.26 13.6 0.00129 0.00143
Submarine dives into the sea when ballast tank is filled with water Submarine floats up to the surface when ballast tank is empty out of water
Let’s Test Yourself 3.3 1. Density is the __________ of substance present in one unit __________ of the substance. If the density of an object is __________ than that of water, the object will float. When the volume of an object is increased but the mass remains the same, the density of the object will __________. 2. Besides the balance, list the other apparatus required to measure the densities of the following items. a) Cork b) A metal sphere c) Soy sauce The diagram below is wrongly drawn. Draw the correct diagram.
Denser object sinks; less dense object floats. 3.
Densities arranged in ascending order: i) object: P, Q, R ii) liquid: X, Y, Z iii) objects & liquids: P, X, Q, Y, R, Z 4. Application of density: i) submarine ii) sunken ship iii) hot air balloon iv) rafts v) killing mosquito larvae vi) transporting logs Structure of submarine:
Prepared By: K.C. Ngu
Form 1: Chapter 3 – Week 12