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Intro Modeling1

Intro Modeling1

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Modeling and Simulation
Modeling and Simulation

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10/09/2013

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INTRODUCTION TO MODELING AND SIMULATION

Lesson 1: Introduction to Modeling and simulation

1.0 Modeling Concepts 1.1 What is a Model? 1.2 Why models are developed? 1.3 Types of Model 1.4 When to use Model? 1.5 Characteristics of a good model 1.6 Principles of Modeling

INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITY Enumerate instances/situations/scenarios where you use/apply models and why? • Write a short essay (maybe 1-3 printed pages) answering the question “Why do we use a model? simulation to study something?” • .

1. Three (3) main types of models Process Physical Mathematical .

Things which can be modeled? System Environment Bahaviour .2.

3. Applications of simulation Aid to thought Communication Training Prediction Experimentation Entertainment .

5. Simulation Categories Live Constructive Virtual Analytic Engineering Testing .

Quick Review 1. 5. Things which can be modeled Types of models Applications of simulation Types/Categories of Simulation Advantages of simulation Categories of simulation . 6. 3. 2. 4.

1 What is a Model? The word model is derived from Latin word “modellus” and its meaning is mould or pattern (physical model). usually for the purpose of study or experimentation • . • A model is a set of assumptions/approximations about how the system works • A model is a simplified representation of a system at some particular point in time or space intended to promote understanding of the real system. • The representation of an object in some form other than the form of the object itself. • A representation of an object. a system.1. or an idea in some form other than that of the entity itself.

Mathematical: components are described mathematically.1. Descriptive: a verbal description 4. in the form of equations 5. algorithmic. computer based (monte-carlo simulation) 11 . Physical: an actual representation 2. Schematic: a pictorial representation 3. Heuristics: descriptive model based on rules.3 Classification of Models 1.

Physical (Prototypes) 12 .

Analytical (Mathematical)  Wq  W  1          Single Stage Queuing Model W  1   2    Lq  Wq          n  P( N  n)   1    L  W     13 .

Computer (Monte Carlo Simulation) 14 .

Descriptive (Performance analysis) Simulation vs. Real World 15 .

Schematic 16 .

Examples of Models in Vehicle Design 17 .

• For precisely this reason.1. models are used in industry. experimenting with them can save money. 18 . suffering and even time.4 When to use Model • To fly a simulator is safer and cheaper than the real airplane. dangerous and often impossible to make experiments with real systems. commerce and military: it is very costly. • Provided that models are adequate descriptions of reality (they are valid).

4 CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD MODEL – – – – – – Close approximation to the real system Simple to understand Goal directed Easy to control Complete on important issues Adaptive and easy to update 19 .1.

then developing a representation of the system that will allow for further study of or experimentation on the system. . 4.1. A model should never be taken too literally. Do not build a complicated model when a simple one will suffice.5 PRINCIPLES OF MODELING Modeling involves observing a system. 3. The deduction phase of modeling must be conducted rigorously (conclusions one draws from results). Beware of modeling the problem to fit the technique. Models should be validated prior to implementation. 2. noting the various components. 5. 1.

A model should never be pressed to do. 9. Some of the primary benefits of modeling are associated with the process of developing the model. 8. Models cannot replace decision makers.5 PRINCIPLES OF MODELING cont. A model cannot be any better than the information going into it. Beware of overselling a model. 10. that for which it was never intended. . nor criticized for failing to do.1. 7. 6.

Applications of simulation 2. Types/Categories of Simulation 3.Quick Review 1. Advantages of simulation .

IN A MATTER OF MINUTES. ESSENTIALLY ALLOWING ONE TO PERCEIVE.MODELING AND SIMULATION QUOTES “ONE OF THE GREAT VALUES OF SIMULATION IS ITS ABILITY TO EFFECT A TIME AND SPACE COMPRESSION ON THE SYSTEM. INTERACTIONS THAT WOULD NORMALLY UNFOLD OVER VERY LENTGHY TIME PERIODS…Gene Bellinger .

Summary: MODELING AND SIMULATION 24 .

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