ThreadsTerminology in threadsExternal thread


Internal threads

Whitworth threads Thread Conventions . Square Threads. 5. 2.Different Types of Thread profiles:- 1. 3. 4. V-threads. ACME Threads Buttress Threads.

threads .Square Threads V.

ACME threads Buttress threads .

Whitworth Threads .

hatching should be extended to the line defining the crest of the thread.For hidden screw threads. Sections of threaded parts – For threaded parts shown in section. Hidden screw threads. and the roots of threads by a continuous thin line (type B). the crests of threads should be defined by a continuous thick line (type A). the crests and the roots should be defined by dashed lines.STANDARD REPRESENTATION OF THREADS Visible screw threads . .For visible screw threads.

externally threaded parts should always be shown covering internally threaded parts and should not hidden by them . However. The above conventions apply to assemblies of threaded parts. of length approximately three-quarters of the circumference.On an end view of a visible screw thread. drawn with a continuous thin line (type B). the thread roots should be represented by a portion of a circle.End view of screw threads .



.Hexagonal headed bolt Square headed bolt Generally used when the head is to be accommodated in recess. Square neck to avoid rotation of Bolt while tightening a nut. Recess is also made up of square shape to prevent rotation of bolt.

Rotation of bolt is prevented by means of a pin T.headed bolt •Primarily used in machine tool tables. •Fits in T slot provided on them. . •Use of spanner is to be avoided.Cylindrical or cheese headed bolt Used when•Space for accommodating bolt head is less.

Counter sunk headed bolt. . •It may provided with the neck of square cross-section. other piece is gripped by the hook shaped bolt head. •Used in application where head of bolt must not project above the surface of connected piece. •This is used when it is not possible to drill hole in the piece adjoining bolt head. Hook Bolt •This bolt passes through a hole of one piece only.

The nut end N is threaded for a length slightly More than thickness of nut. Metal end M is threaded to length at least equal To diameter of stud.Eye Bolt•Bolt has circular ring as its head. Stud- It consists of a cylindrical shank threaded at both sides. •Used as an appliance to lift heavy machines. .

Fitting of stud Washer .

Dimensions T=D. R=1.5D Distance across diagonally opposite corners: 2D Drawing a hexagonal nut .4D Rough Rule Dimensions T=D.Hexagonal nut Approx Std. W=1.5D+3mm. R=1.

Nuts Tommy Bar / Pin spanner .

Locking arrangements for nuts •Due to vibrations. •Nut B carries all the load. there is always a tendency to for nuts to get slack. hence it is made thicker than nut A. Generally nut A thickness is kept 0. •The nut B is help by spanner and nut A is turned backwards through few degrees. •The nut A is first screwed on bolt as tightly as possible. •The two nuts are hence locked tightly due to wedging action against each other and bolt. •The nut B is then screwed on the bolt till it touches the top of nut A.8 times of thickness of nut B .



Foundation bolts Molten Lead / sulphur .

Foundation bolts .

feed check valve etc. Machine tool tables.Bolt type Square headed Picture Application Bearings of shaft Cylindrical headed Big end of connecting rods. eccentrics. Where the bolt head must not project above surface T-headed Counter-sunk headed Eye bolt For lifting heavy machines Connect cylinder cover to engine cylinder Situations where there is no space for bolt heads Stud . boiler mountings such as stop valve. etc.

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