Burning Environmental Issues of Assam or North-East

Presented by Mrs. Manisha Chaliha (M.A.) Deptt. Of Education D.R. College; Golaghat

Content of the Seminar
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Introduction. Background of NE region. Environmental Issues. Hazards from pollution. Conclusion. References.

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Introduction

“Environment” is derived from the word “Environner” which means to “encircle or surround”. Thus, environment is seen total of water, air & land, inter-relationships among themselves & also the human beings, other living organisms & property.

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Background of NE region

The 7 states of NE region supports all sorts of natural diversities, the NE supports people and economics from primitive to modern. While the traditional, “Jhumings” predominates in the hill-slopes, the capitalist tea-plantation, modernized grain-farming characterized plain landscapes. Thus ,livelihood of most of the people are directly linked with economics & the natural resources easily available in the region.
BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Environmental issues
Water resources  Sustainable utilization of water resources shall definitely contribute to the economy both at regional & national level.  The agricultural sector which is the backbone of economy of this region suffers the most. As a result of gross under-utilization of existing water resources & the impact of managing flood & erosion hazards.
BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Contd.

All the hills of NE region are having very high rainfall from 2300-5000 mm in some areas. Because of heavy rainfall, recurrent problems of flood; soil, river-bank erosion & drainage congestion occurs.

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Forest resources

The livelihood of the people of the region greatly depends upon forest resources. But in spite of having a legacy of rich biodiversity & food-chain these areas haven’t been conducive to sustainable development. Therefore, a strategy of action should be taken for their protection & production.

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Pressure of population

It concerns with the population growth, density, occupational structures, & carrying capacity of the area concerned. During the period of last 100 yrs(19012001), the population of NE increased from around 4 million to 38.5 million. It creates problems viz. degradation of land & forest, Loss of biodiversity.

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Contd.
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The region was known to the rest of the country for its rich forest resources. So, systematic deforestation & land degradation were outside the interest of the people. But in recent period, factors like population growth, urbanization, industrialization, growing trade & commerce, tendency for immediate economic gain have led to a substantial decline in the “forest cover”.
BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Hazards from pollution

It causes bad effect on various forms of life or property. We should change our life-style to reduce pollution & should take different action plans. e.g. the Deopahar reserves forest near NRL in Golaghat district is presently ruling under pollution due to dumping of plastic garbage. The local conscious people have appealed to the NRL authority to consider the problem as burning one & to take proper measure.
BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Land degradation
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It means a reduction in the productive capacity of land. Deforestation has mainly lead to accelerated erosion & land sliding. The shifting cultivation is held responsible for accelerated erosion in many parts of N.E. However, the terrace cultivation has rendered the areas less susceptible to soil erosion. Framing of national policies, development of wetland inventory, monitoring, research, training, education & public awareness help in the management of the wetlands.
BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Human-animal Conflict

It is the another burning issue because of population growth, occupational shift, infrastructural spread, deforestation, flood & bank erosion, application of agrochemicals etc. The loss of one-horned rhinos from Kaziranga National Park to tune of 20 in a year 2006-07 by antisocials. There is some kind of competition between the people & the wild elephant for relatively level space in many elephant corridors. During recent years the problem of human-elephant conflict an acute one.

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

Conclusion

All the natural resources are interlinked. Disturbing one will affect the other. The spread of value-education can play an important role in bringing awareness about the environmental issues.

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

References
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North-East India Geo-environmental Issues- Deka Sujit. Environmental Studies- Arumugam N., Kumaresan V. Environmental managements- Krishnamoorthy, Bora. Environment :-Problems & Solutions- Asthana D.K., Asthana Meera.

Population Education for developing CountriesSalkar R.K. Perspective in environmental Studies- Kaushik & Kaushik
BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST

BURNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF ASSAM OR THE NORTH-EAST