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Organelles (3.

2)

Transport (3.4)

Theory (3.1)

Compounds (3.3)

CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Chapter 3
California Standards

Chapter 3 – Self Check
1. Get out Chapter 3 info sheet 3. Read and mark your facts and definitions.
Need more practice

Have a question
Feel confident

Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cell Cell Theory Unicellular Multicellular Organelle Cell Wall Cell Membrane Nucleus Cytoplasm Mitochondria Ribosome Chloroplast Element Carbohydrate Protein Amino Acid Lipid Nucleic Acid DNA Diffusion Passive Transport Active Transport

Chapter 3 Practice Assignments
Workbook: Answer questions in your workbook. 1 point per correct answer. Cell Theory Display (3.1): Make classroom poster that includes the 3 parts of
the cell theory in writing and in pictures. Also identify which scientist(s) is associate with each component. (10 pts)

Cell Comparison (3.2): Choose 2 specific animal cells or 2 specific plant cells.
Create a graphic organizer (top hat would work well) that shows similarities and difference in the structures found in the 2 cells you chose. (10 pts)

Menu (3.3): Make menu for a meal that includes a food item high in
carbohydrates, one high in protein, and one high in lipids. Identify how your body uses each of these compounds . (10 pts)

IDK (3.4): I can’t think of anything for this section. Suggest your own
assignment.(10 pts)

Vocabulary: Make a foldable with the word, definition, and a picture. (10 pts)

33 - Definition

34 – Theory

35 - Organization

DISCOVERING CELLS
Section 3.1 Page 80
Next Slide

CELL THEORY NOTES
The cell theory is a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things  Schleiden, Schwann, and Virchow are credited with contributing to this theory

CELL THEORY NOTES

All living things are composed of cells

CELL THEORY NOTES

Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things

CELL THEORY NOTES

All cells are produced from other cells

CELL CHARACTERISTICS NOTES

Cells form the parts (structures) of an organism and carry out all of an organism’s processes (functions)

CELLS AND STRUCTURE

The structure of living things are determined by the amazing variety ways in which cells are put together

CELLS AND FUNCTION
Cells obtain oxygen, get rid of wastes, obtain food, grow, and carry out the basic processes of life in all living things  Cells function similarly in all living things

SIZE OF CELLS
 Cells

are measured in micrometers (one millionth of a meter)  They are usually only visible through microscopes
1

micrometer =0.000001 meters =0.001 millimeters
http://www.cellsalive.com/howbig.htm

LOOKING INSIDE CELLS
Section 3.2 Page 88
Next Slide


 

Cell Wall – Stiff outer layer that supports and protects Only in plants

 

Cell Membrane – Protects cell and controls movement of molecules into and out of cell

 

Nucleus – Controls all functions of cell, holds chromosomes

 

Nuclear Envelope – Controls movement into and out of nucleus


Chromatin – Thin strands of DNA and protein that contain genetic material The instruction for directing the cells’ functions


Nucleolus – Produces ribosomes

 

Mitochondria – Releases energy for cell to use by breaking down sugars (Respiration)


Chloroplasts – Stores energy for cell to use by producing sugars from sunlight (Photosynthesis)


Ribosomes – Read DNA to produce proteins

 

Endoplasmic Reticulum – Transports materials within the cell Can be smooth (without ribosomes) or rough (with ribosomes)


Golgi Body – Packs and distributes materials


Lysosome – Digests materials


Vacuole – Stores materials


Cytoplasm – Jelly-like fluid that fills up cell and holds organelles in place Area between the cell membrane and the nucleus


 

Cell Diversity Cells contain different amounts and types of organelles depending on the cell’s overall function. Cells can come in different shapes The variety of structures in cells reflects differences in cell functions.

Plant vs. Animal: Venn Diagram
Both Plant Cell
Rectangular Cell Wall Chloroplast Large central vacuole

Cell Membrane Animal Cell Nucleus Cytoplasm Round Mitochondria No cell wall Ribosome No chloroplast ER Golgi Body Scattered vacuoles

Section 3.3 Page 97

Next Slide

 Answer:

Elements are any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.  For example, oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen, are elements.

 Answer:

When two or more elements combine chemically, they form a compound. For example, carbon dioxide and water are compounds.

 Answer:

Water is used in most chemical reactions, it helps cells keep their size and shape, and helps keep the temperature of cells constant.

 Answer:

Inorganic compounds do not contain carbon. Organic compounds do contain carbon. For example water and salt are inorganic, while carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids are organic.

 Answer:

Carbohydrates provide the body with energy that cells can use. They also are important components of some cell parts.  Sugars (fruits, veggies) and starches (potatoes, pasta, bread) are carbohydrates.

 Answer:

Lipids are a long term energy source for cells. They also make up most of the cell membrane.  Fats, waxes, and oils are lipids

 Answer:

Many cell structures are made of proteins. Enzymes are a special type of protein that speed up chemical reactions.  Meats, eggs, fish, nuts, and beans are high in protein.

 Answer:

Proteins are made of smaller molecules called amino acids.

 Answer:

Nucleic acids contain the instructions that cells need to carry out all the functions of life.  DNA and RNA are examples of nucleic acids.

 Elements

are the smallest unit that substances can be broken into, but they can be chemically bonded together and become compounds. Organic molecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids all contain carbon. Water is an inorganic compound, it doesn’t contain carbon. Carbohydrates and lipids are used for cell construction and energy. Proteins are used for cell construction and speeding up chemical reactions. Proteins are made of amino acids. Nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA, are the instructions for building and running cells (instructions for life).

THE CELL AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

Section 3.4 Page 102

 The

movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane WITHOUT USING ENERGY

 Main

method of movement for small molecules  Molecules move from high concentration (crowded) to low concentration (spread out)  Oxygen can move by diffusion

 Diffusion

of water  Many cell processes depend on osmosis  Water molecules move from high concentration to low concentration

 The

movement of molecules through a cell membrane that DOES USE ENERGY

 Cell

membrane surrounds a particle  A vacuole is created to store the particle inside the cell  Cell uses energy in this process

 Protein

molecules in the cell membrane pick up and pump molecules across  Each protein transport moves a specific substance  Calcium, sodium and potassium move by protein transport