Question(1): Of those metals listed in Table

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(a) Which will experience the greatest percent reduction in area? Why? (2) (b) Which is the strongest? Why? (2) (c) Which is the stiffest? Why? (2)

Table : Tensile stress-strain data for several hypothetical metals to be used with

Answers: (a) Material B will experience the greatest percent area reduction since it has the highest strain at fracture, and, therefore is most ductile. (b) Material D is the strongest because it has the highest yield and tensile strengths. (c) Material E is the stiffest because it has the highest elastic modulus. Q1(d) Given here are the solidus and liquidus temperatures for the copper-gold system. Construct the phase diagram for this system and label each region. (3)

It is achieved given sufficient time. But the time to achieve equilibrium may be so long (the kinetics is so slow) that a state that is not at an energy minimum may have a long life and appear to be stable.ANS: Q1(e) what is metastable state? (1) Ans: Equilibrium is the state of minimum energy. This is called a metastable state.Explain the "Hall-Petch Relation". . Q2(a). (8) Ans: A fine-grained material is harder and stronger than one that is coarse grained since greater amounts of grain boundaries in the fine-grained material impede dislocation motion.

Q(3) 1. Which of the following is false? (1) a) Line defects are thermodynamically stable b) Dislocation can end inside a crystal without forming loop c) ABC ABC ABC…is stacking sequence for HCP crystal d) All 2. P+F=C+N=3+1=4 P=4–F Thus. three components are present. The minimum number of ions in the unit cell of an ionic crystal with FCC space lattice is (1) a) 4 b) 8 c) 12 d) 16 (2) . What is the maximum number of phases that may be present for a ternary system. temperature is also a variable. Gibbs phase rule. when F = 0. which means that the maximum number of phases present for this situation is 4. P will have its maximum value of 4.Q2(b) For a system. assuming that pressure is held constant? (2) Answer: For system (C = 3) at constant pressure (N = 1).

an active slip system means dislocations can move. . Having more slip systems will allow for more plasticity and lead to greater ductility. it can be also said that material A will be more ductile than material B. From the preceding statement.4 Material A has more active slip systems than material B. (2) Ans: True.

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