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oil and gas production handbook

oil and gas production handbook

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Published by Asep Herman

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Published by: Asep Herman on Jul 20, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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Subsea wells are essentially the same
as dry completion wells. However,
mechanically they are placed in a
Subsea structure (template) that
allows the wells to be drilled and
serviced remotely from the surface,
and protects from damage e.g. from
trawlers. The wellhead is placed in a
slot in the template where it mates to
the outgoing pipeline as well as
hydraulic and electric control signals.

Ill: Statoil

Control is from the surface where a hydraulic power unit (HPU) provides hydraulic
power to the subsea installation via an umbilical. The umbilical is a composite cable
containing tension wires, hydraulic pipes, electrical power and control and
communication signals. A control pod with inert gas and/or oil protection contains


control electronics, and
operates most equipment
Subsea via hydraulic
switches. More complex
Subsea solutions may
contain subsea
and electrical multiphase
pumping. This may be
necessary if reservoir
pressure is low, offset
(distance to main facility)
is long or there are flow assurance problems so that the gas and liquids will not
stably flow to the surface.

Product is piped back through pipelines and risers to the surface. The main choke
may be located topside.

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