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PVT ANALYSIS

FIVE RESERVOIR FLUIDS


1.

Black oil: GOR of 2000 scf/STB or less. stock tank oil gravity is usually below 45 API. stock tank oil is dark indicating of presence heavy hydrocarbons. Color is often black or brown.

PHASE DIAGRAM OF BLACK OIL:

EXERCISE 1:

The reported production from the discovery well of the Nancy Field is given below. How would you classify this reservoir fluid?

PRODUCTION DATA
Date(month) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 API 29 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 Oil ,STB 4276 16108 15232 15585 15226 14147 15720 15885 Gas , Mscf 1165 5270 4800 4960 4650 2335 4707 4904

9 10
11 12

28 28
28 28

15434 12862
14879 15192

4979 4339
4814 4270

PRODUCTION DATA
Date(month) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 API 29 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 Oil ,STB 4276 16108 15232 15585 15226 14147 15720 15885 15434 12862 14879 15192 Gas , Mscf 1165 5270 4800 4960 4650 2335 4707 4904 4979 4339 4814 4270 GOR 272 327 315 318 305 165 300 308 322 337 323 281

FIVE RESERVOIR FLUIDS


Volatile oil: Initial gas-oil ratios between 2000-3300 scf/STB. Stock-tank oil gravity is usually 40 API or more. Stock tank color is brown ,orange or green. Oil formation volume factor is usually greater than 2.0 res bbl/STB. Retrograde Gas: Initial gas-oil ratio is more than 3300scf/STB up. Practically gas-oil ratios more than 50000 scf/STB are usually treated as wet gases. Stock-tank oil gravity is between 40 API and 60 API. Liquid can be lightly colored, brown, orange greenish or waterwhite.

PHASE DIAGRAM OF GAS CONDENSATE:

PHASE DIAGRAM OF VOLATILE OIL:

FIVE RESERVOIR FLUIDS

Wet gas: A wet gas exists solely as a gas in the reservoir throughout the reduction in reservoir pressure. Produced stock tank liquid gravity is the same as retrograde gas however it doesnt change during the life of the reservoir. Dry Gas: is simply methane with some intermediates. No liquid is formed at the surface.

PHASE DIAGRAM OF WET GAS:

PHASE DIAGRAM OF DRY GAS:

EXERCISE 2:

The annual production statistics for west Oakvale field are given. Classify the reservoir fluid.
Date 1982 1983 1984 1985 API 46 50 47 48 Oil STB 4646 2608 1350 1430 Water STB 1484 1177 1215 932 Gas Mscf 463,265 342075 241048 221,020

1986 1987

50 51

1662 1110

1122 665

267,106 178,951

ANNUAL PRODUCTION
Date API Oil STB Water STB 1484 Gas Mscf GOR

1982

46

4646

463,265

99712

1983
1984 1985 1986 1987

50
47 48 50 51

2608
1350 1430 1662 1110

1177
1215 932 1122 665

342075
241048 221,020 267,106 178,951

131163
182612 154559 160713 161217

PHASE DIAGRAMS:

EXERCISE 3:

Laboratory analysis of a reservoir sample is given. The sample was obtained from the reservoir at 184 F and 3463 psig. Plot the formation volume factor and solution gas oil ratio.

OIL FORMATION VOLUME FACTOR:

SOLUTION GAS OIL RATIO:

COEFFICIENT OF ISOTHERMAL COMPRESSIBILITY

1.

The coefficient of isothermal compressibility is defined as the fractional change of volume as pressure is changed at constant temperature. Ideal gases:

2.

Real gases: