COLEGIUL GRIGORE ANTIPA BACĂU

PROFESOR MĂDĂLINA BONDREA

Formule de calcul prescurtat
( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b + = + +
( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b ÷ = ÷ +
( )( )
2 2
a b a b a b + ÷ = ÷
( )
2
2 2 2
2 2 2 a b c a b c ab ac bc + + = + + + + +
( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b + = + + +
( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b ÷ = ÷ + ÷
( )( )
2 2 3 3
a b a ab b a b + ÷ + = +
( )( )
2 2 3 3
a b a ab b a b ÷ + + = ÷

Exerciţii rezolvate:
( )
2
2 2 2
1 2 1 1 2 1 x x x x x ÷ = ÷ · · + = ÷ +
( )
2
2 2 2
2 2 2 2 4 4 x x x x x + = + · · + = + +
( ) ( )
2 2
2
3 2 3 2 3 2 2 3 6 3 4 7 6 3 ÷ = ÷ · · + = ÷ + = ÷
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2 3 2 2 2 3 3 4 12 9 x x x x x + = + · · + = + +
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2
3 2 3 2 3 2 2 9 12 4 x y x x y y x xy y ÷ = ÷ · · + = ÷ +
( )( )
2 2 2
2 2 2 4 x x x x ÷ + = ÷ = ÷
( )( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
3 2 2 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 x y y x x y x y x y x y ÷ + = ÷ + ÷ = = ÷
2
2 2
1 1 1 1
2 2 2 4
4 4 4 16
x x x x
| || | | |
÷ + = ÷ = ÷
| | |
\ .\ . \ .

( )
2
2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 2 4 4 x y x y x y x y x y xy x y + + = + + + · · + · · + · · = + + + + + =
2 2
4 4 2 4 x y x y xy + + + + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 3 2 3 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 4 9 4 12 6 a b a b a b a b a b ab a b ÷ + = + ÷ + + · · ÷ + · · + · ÷ · = + + ÷ + ÷
2 2
4 12 6 4 9 a b a b ab + + ÷ ÷ + =

( )
3
3 2 2 3 3 2
1 3 1 3 1 1 3 3 1 x x x x x x x ÷ = ÷ · · + · · ÷ = ÷ + ÷
( )
3
3 2 2 3 3 2
2 3 2 3 2 2 6 12 8 x x x x x x x + = + · · + · · + = + + +
( ) ( )
3 3
3 2 2 3 3 2
2 2 3 2 3 2 2 6 12 8 x x x x x x x x ÷ + = ÷ = ÷ · · + · · ÷ = ÷ + ÷
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
3 3 2
2 3 3 2
2 5 2 3 2 5 3 2 5 5 8 60 150 125 x x x x x x x + = + · · + · · + = + + +
( )( )
2 3 3 3
3 3 9 3 27 x x x x x ÷ + + = ÷ = ÷
3
2 3
3
1
3 9 3 27
3 9 3 27
x x x
x x
| |
| | | |
+ ÷ + = + = +
| | |
\ . \ .
\ .
.

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