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THAILAND

• Industrial Growth

• Environmental
Challenges

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Thailand: Environmental Issues

• Topography
Meters
5000 +
3000-5000
• Climate 1000-3000
500-1000
Sea 0-500
Level Depression

Tropical; rainy, warm,


cloudy southwest monsoon
(mid-May to September);
Terrain:central plain; Korat Plateau in
dry, cool northeast
the east; mountains elsewhere
monsoon (November to
Elevation extremes:
mid-March); southern
isthmus always hot and lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 ft
humid highest point: Doi Inthanon 8,500 ft

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Thailand: Environmental Issues
• Industries
– Poor enforcement of environmental laws

• Air
– Contamination from cars, industry,
construction and open air burning
• Food
– Contamination with fecal pathogens
• Soil
– Localized contamination from industrial waste
• Water
– Contamination from untreated domestic and
industrial wastes 3
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THAILAND “SNAPSHOT”

• Environmental Health Risks • Infectious Diseases


– Contaminated food and water – Dengue fever
– High heat and humidity – Diarrhea
– Natural disasters – Hepatitis A and B
– Localized air pollution – Japanese encephalitis
– Leptospirosis
– Malaria
– Rabies

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