From Africa Development Indicators

08/09
Basic indicators National accounts Millennium Development Goals Paris Declaration indicators Private sector development Trade Infrastructure Human development Agriculture, rural development, and environment Labor, migration, and population HIV/AIDS Malaria Capable states and partnership Household welfare

The Little Data Book on Africa

2008 THE LITTLE DATA 2009 BOOK ON AFRICA

Copyright ©2009 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street NW Washington DC 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing December 2008 This volume is a product of the staff of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this volume do not necessarily reflect the views of the Executive Directors of The World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Rights and Permissions The material in this publication is copyrighted. Copying and/or transmitting portions or all of this work without permission may be a violation of applicable law. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank encourages dissemination of its work and will normally grant permission to reproduce portions of the work promptly. For permission to photocopy or reprint any part of this work, please send a request with complete information to the Copyright Clearance Center Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA; telephone: 978-750-8400; fax: 978-750-4470; Internet: www.copyright.com. All other queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202–522-2422; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org. For more information about the Africa Development Indicators suite of products, please visit our web site at www.worldbank.org/afr or email: adi@worldbank.org. To order The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09, Africa Development Indicators 2008/09, African Development Indicators 2008/09 CD-ROM, and Africa Development Indicators Online, please visit the publications web site at www.worldbank.org/publications, email books@worldbank.org, or call 1-800-645-7247 or 703-661-1580. Discounts apply for residents of Africa. To subscribe to Africa Development Indicators Online please visit: http://publications.worldbank.org/ADI ISBN: 978–0–8213–7788–8 e-ISBN: 978–0–8213–7814–4 DOI: 10.1596/978–0–8213–7788–8 SKU: 17788 The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09 is a product of the Africa Region. Editing, design, and layout by Word Express, Inc, Washington, D.C. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, UK. 1 2 3 4 12 11 10 09

Contents
Acknowledgments ................................................................................ iv Introduction .......................................................................................... v User Guide ........................................................................................... vi Country tables (in alphabetical order) ....................................................1 Algeria..........................................................................................2 Angola ..........................................................................................4 Benin............................................................................................6 Botswana .....................................................................................8 Burkina Faso ..............................................................................10 Burundi ......................................................................................12 Cameroon ...................................................................................14 Cape Verde .................................................................................16 Central African Republic..............................................................18 Chad ..........................................................................................20 Comoros .....................................................................................22 Congo, Rep. ................................................................................24 Congo, Dem. Rep. .......................................................................26 Côte d’Ivoire ...............................................................................28 Djibouti.......................................................................................30 Egypt, Arab Rep. .........................................................................32 Eritrea ........................................................................................34 Ethiopia ......................................................................................36 Equatorial Guinea........................................................................38 Gabon.........................................................................................40 Gambia, The ...............................................................................42 Ghana.........................................................................................44 Guinea ........................................................................................46 Guinea-Bissau .............................................................................48 Kenya .........................................................................................50 Lesotho ......................................................................................52 Liberia ........................................................................................54 Libya ..........................................................................................56 Madagascar................................................................................58 Malawi .......................................................................................60 Mali............................................................................................62 Mauritania ..................................................................................64 Mauritius ....................................................................................66 Morocco .....................................................................................68 Mozambique ...............................................................................70 Namibia ......................................................................................72 Niger ..........................................................................................74 Nigeria .......................................................................................76 Rwanda ......................................................................................78 São Tomé and Principe ................................................................80 Senegal ......................................................................................82 Seychelles ..................................................................................84 Sierra Leone ...............................................................................86 Somalia ......................................................................................88 South Africa................................................................................90 Sudan .........................................................................................92 Swaziland ...................................................................................94 Tanzania .....................................................................................96 Togo ...........................................................................................98 Tunisia......................................................................................100 Uganda .....................................................................................102 Zambia .....................................................................................104 Zimbabwe.................................................................................106 Glossary............................................................................................110
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Acknowledgments
The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09 is a product of the Africa Region. Jorge Saba Arbache was the manager of this book and its companions. Rose Mungai led the work on data gathering, consistency checks and compilation. The core team included Mehdi Akhlaghi, Mpho Chinyolo, Francoise Genouille, Jane Njuguna, and Christophe Rockmore. Shantayanan Devarajan, chief economist for the Africa Region, provided overall guidance and supervision. Word Express, Inc, provided design, editing, and layout. Dohatec New Media prepared the navigation structure and interface design of the Africa Development Indicators 2008/09 CD-ROM.

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Introduction
The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09 is a pocket edition of Africa Development Indicators 2008/09. It contains some 115 key indicators on economics, human development, governance, and partnership and is intended as a quick reference for users of the Africa Development Indicators 2008/09 book and African Development Indicators Online. The country tables present the latest available data for World Bank member countries in Africa.

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User Guide
Countries are listed alphabetically. Statistics Data are shown for economies as they were constituted in 2006, and historical data are revised to reflect current political arrangements. Exceptions are noted throughout the tables. Data will, however, be provided for doing business, investment climate, Governance and anticorruption indicators, and Country Policy and Institutional Assessment ratings (CPIA) for later years (2007–08). Data in the table are for 2006, 2007 or 2008, except where otherwise noted. Data in italics are the most recent values for the period 2000–2005. Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year. .. means that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data in the years shown means U.S. dollars means zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$ 0 or 0.0

Dash or hyphen in dates, as in 2004–06, means that the period of time straddles between those years. A blank means not applicable or, for an aggregate, not analytically meaningful. Data consistency, reliability and comparability Considerable effort has been made to harmonize the data, but full comparability cannot be assured, and care must be taken in interpreting indicators. Many factors affect data availability, comparability, and reliability. Data coverage may not be complete because of special circumstances affecting the collection and reporting of data, such as conflicts. Except where otherwise stated, growth rates are in real terms.

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Country tables

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1

Algeria
Country 33.4 Population (millions) 1.5 Population growth (%) 3,110 GNI per capita ($) 48,897 Economic density (current $/sq km) 116,459 GDP ($ millions) 1.8 GDP growth (%) 2,123 GDP per capita (2000 $) 0.3 GDP per capita growth (%) 164 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.5 CPI (% change) 7.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 57.4 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 28.1 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) 13.6 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 46.2 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 4.8 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 54.1 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 30.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.1 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 110.5 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 83.2 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 21.8 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 14 Starting a business, procedures (number) 24 Starting a business, time (days) 13.2 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 51 Registering property, time (days) 630 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 451 Paying taxes, time (hours) 74 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 9 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 17 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 48 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 49 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 5 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 70 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 45 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –3 Real interest rate (%) 12 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 64 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 21 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 47 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 50 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 48 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 14 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 37 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 6.9 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 144 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 134 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,503 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 48 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) North Africa 154.2 1.6 2,333 64,481 370,017 5.5 2,060 3.9 117 10.3 41.9 40.9 10.3 0.0 36.2 19.4 37.0 23.5 14.8 106.1 77.2 26.6 .. 9 14 15.4 83 705 5 447 57 3 10 47 34 4 .. 68 .. 38

.. 1,265 139 2,906 39

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 23 133 83 2 .. 0 36 1 51 72 .. .. 33 38 95 180 22 91 .. 0.10 1,000 0 85 24 90 99 62 84 39 87 81 87 98 .. .. 71 .. .. 7 .. .. .. .. –0.5 –1.0 –1.2 –0.5 –0.7 –0.7 2.0 209 0.2 6 205 7 –4 0.0 .. .. ..

North Africa 31 .. 85 .. 17,080 12,300 47 1 .. 71 .. .. 30 35 71 159 24 96 .. .. .. 0 .. 25 .. .. 54 80 28 96 87 60 90 .. .. 53 .. .. 10 ..

2,596 0.7 17 1,628 165 803 0.0 .. .. ..

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Angola
Country 16.6 Population (millions) 2.9 Population growth (%) 1,970 GNI per capita ($) 36,226 Economic density (current $/sq km) 45,163 GDP ($ millions) 18.6 GDP growth (%) 1,069 GDP per capita (2000 $) 15.3 GDP per capita growth (%) 255 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 11.7 CPI (% change) 8.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 69.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 21.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 23.7 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 46.4 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 21.2 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 49.5 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 13.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) .. Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 17.8 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.9 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 12 Starting a business, procedures (number) 119 Starting a business, time (days) 343.7 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 334 Registering property, time (days) 1,011 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 272 Paying taxes, time (hours) 53 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 16 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 28 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 69 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 60 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 8 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 10 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 41 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 4 Real interest rate (%) 7 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 36 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 32 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 37 23 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 55 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 46 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 21 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2.2 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 23 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 31 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 485 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 74 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 38 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) .. .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 1 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) –228 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 45 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 66 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 42 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 154 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 260 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 45 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,400 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 51 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 48 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 2.10 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 11,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) .. 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school .. 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 72 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school .. 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 84 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 92 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 76 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 62 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 39 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 16 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 79 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 14 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 1 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 2.7 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.0 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Combined polity score –2.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 171 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 0.4 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 10 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) –55 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 102 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 124 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) .. 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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Benin
Country 8.8 Population (millions) 3.2 Population growth (%) 530 GNI per capita ($) 41,796 Economic density (current $/sq km) 4,623 GDP ($ millions) 3.8 GDP growth (%) 323 GDP per capita (2000 $) 0.6 GDP per capita growth (%) 163 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 3.8 CPI (% change) 32.2 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 13.4 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 54.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –5.3 Current account balance (% of GDP) 0.3 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 19.5 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 17.8 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 6.9 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 19.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 95.9 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 32.5 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 5.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 82 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 7 Starting a business, procedures (number) 31 Starting a business, time (days) 195.0 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 120 Registering property, time (days) 825 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 270 Paying taxes, time (hours) 73 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 6 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 12 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 40 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 72 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 22 Access to electricity (% of total population) 10 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 172 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 17 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 84 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 47 88 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 73 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 69 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 35 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 26 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 1 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,125 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 13 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 26 92 .. 5 53 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

60 65 1 1 64 .. 56 50 .. .. 36 .. 88 94 148 157 79 .. 840 902 39 .. 89 72 7 .. 1.20 5.00 3,300 1,500,000 0 0 64 60 44 47 45 .. 73 87 71 74 86 86 55 63 78 81 57 46 11 24 59 42 51 .. 6 .. 13 19 10 .. 1 .. 1 3 32.0 .. 3.6 No 3 –0.5 0.3 0.4 –0.6 –0.4 –0.6 7.0 375 8.1 43 228 0 147 0.0 460 3 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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Botswana
Country 1.9 Population (millions) 1.2 Population growth (%) 5,680 GNI per capita ($) 19,421 Economic density (current $/sq km) 11,006 GDP ($ millions) 3.4 GDP growth (%) 4,511 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 131 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 11.6 CPI (% change) 1.7 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 50.9 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 39.6 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 17.6 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 39.9 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 3.7 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 52.4 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 30.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 9.6 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 106.7 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 76.5 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 5.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 78 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 108 Starting a business, time (days) 9.9 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 11 Registering property, time (days) 987 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 8 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 140 Paying taxes, time (hours) 17 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 1 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 3 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 20 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 25 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 2 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 33 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 43 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 1 Real interest rate (%) 19 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 23 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 70 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 24 25 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 41 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 7 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 9 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 20 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.3 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 122 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 159 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 341 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 51 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 28 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 98 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 2 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 536 7,671 79 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 42 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 58 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 50 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 90 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 124 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 94 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 380 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 29 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 90 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 23.90 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 11,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 95 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 24 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 94 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 101 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 59 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 71 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 48 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 100 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 90 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 30 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 60 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 51 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 4 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 5 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.9 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.5 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.8 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.7 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.5 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.7 Combined polity score 9.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 65 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 0.6 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 35 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 36 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) –2 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 30 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

9

Burkina Faso
Country 14.4 Population (millions) 3.1 Population growth (%) 420 GNI per capita ($) 21,094 Economic density (current $/sq km) 5,771 GDP ($ millions) 5.5 GDP growth (%) 258 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.4 GDP per capita growth (%) 156 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.3 CPI (% change) 32.8 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 22.0 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 43.7 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –10.3 Current account balance (% of GDP) –6.1 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 13.0 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 19.8 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 2.8 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 11.1 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 59.8 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 14.5 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.3 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 96 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 6 Starting a business, procedures (number) 18 Starting a business, time (days) 82.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 182 Registering property, time (days) 446 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 270 Paying taxes, time (hours) 48 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 3 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 5 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 51 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 20 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 10 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 10 Access to electricity (% of total population) 4 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 338 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 18 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 54 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 39 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 18 75 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 80 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 49 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 13 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 126 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 4 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,127 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 12 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

10

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 27 96 .. 2 8 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

81 65 1 1 66 .. 52 50 46 .. 40 .. 122 94 204 157 54 .. 700 902 43 .. 88 72 2 .. 1.60 5.00 9,200 1,500,000 0 0 31 60 46 47 33 .. 80 87 85 74 90 86 80 63 97 81 66 46 6 24 41 42 54 .. 1 .. 8 19 20 .. 0 .. 1 3 25.0 .. 3.7 No 3 –0.4 –0.3 0.1 –0.8 –0.3 –0.5 0.0 871 15.1 61 386 10 475 0.0 930 2 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

11

Burundi
Country 8.2 Population (millions) 4.0 Population growth (%) 100 GNI per capita ($) 35,172 Economic density (current $/sq km) 903 GDP ($ millions) 5.1 GDP growth (%) 102 GDP per capita (2000 $) 1.1 GDP per capita growth (%) 109 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.8 CPI (% change) 31.6 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 18.2 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 41.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –14.9 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 35.5 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 156.2 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth –20.2 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 16.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 1.7 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 103.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 14.3 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.2 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 98 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 43 Starting a business, time (days) 251.0 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 94 Registering property, time (days) 558 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 4 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 140 Paying taxes, time (hours) 279 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 11 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 30 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 24 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 12 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 10 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 480 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 14 Real interest rate (%) 25 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 20 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 41 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 20 36 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 51 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 72 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 4 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 1.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 35 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 2 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,330 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 11 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

12

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 48 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) .. .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 73 112 Export diversification index (%) 3 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 0 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 90 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 66 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 49 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 109 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 181 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 34 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 63 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 75 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 8 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 2.00 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 11,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 36 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 54 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 73 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 89 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 93 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 94 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 93 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 84 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 70 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 41 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 44 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 3 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 1 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.0 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.8 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Combined polity score 6.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 415 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 45.9 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 51 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 222 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 0 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 192 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 1,472 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 1 ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

13

Cameroon
Country 18.2 Population (millions) 2.1 Population growth (%) 980 GNI per capita ($) 38,576 Economic density (current $/sq km) 17,953 GDP ($ millions) 3.2 GDP growth (%) 686 GDP per capita (2000 $) 1.1 GDP per capita growth (%) 144 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 5.1 CPI (% change) 19.3 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 31.5 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 46.6 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –3.9 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 11.6 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 17.7 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 18.9 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 16.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 107.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 23.7 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 6.7 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 85 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 13 Starting a business, procedures (number) 37 Starting a business, time (days) 129.2 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 93 Registering property, time (days) 800 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 1,400 Paying taxes, time (hours) 52 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 12 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 46 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 79 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 13 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 46 Access to electricity (% of total population) 10 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 107 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 11 Real interest rate (%) 9 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 52 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 26 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 33 76 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 68 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 61 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 10 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 8 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 79 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 1 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,408 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 23 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 21 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 108 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 113 112 Export diversification index (%) 3 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 21 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 45 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 63 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 50 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 40 .. Gini index 45 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 87 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 149 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 63 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 35 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 73 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 1 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 5.10 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 39,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 52 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 45 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) .. .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 83 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 68 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 81 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 54 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 88 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 47 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 42 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 58 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 77 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 16 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 18 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 5 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 0 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 2 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) 20.0 .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.2 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Combined polity score –4.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 1,684 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 9.4 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 93 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 1,505 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 6 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 173 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 4,917 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

15

Cape Verde
Country 0.5 Population (millions) 2.3 Population growth (%) 2,190 GNI per capita ($) 293,210 Economic density (current $/sq km) 1,182 GDP ($ millions) 10.7 GDP growth (%) 1,383 GDP per capita (2000 $) 8.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 165 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 5.4 CPI (% change) 8.8 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 16.3 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 74.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –3.4 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 24.2 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 50.9 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 4.7 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 38.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 105.7 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 80.2 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 7.9 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 85 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 12 Starting a business, procedures (number) 52 Starting a business, time (days) 40.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 83 Registering property, time (days) 425 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 1 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 100 Paying taxes, time (hours) 54 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 11 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 44 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 8 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 13 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 69 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 335 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 4 Real interest rate (%) 48 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 16 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 62 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 28 50 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 39 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 65 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 15 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 16 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 6.1 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 48 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 12 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 355 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 19 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

16

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 53 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 59 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 9 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 123 7,671 136 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 42 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 62 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 71 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index 51 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 25 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 34 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 210 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) .. .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 65 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) .. 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS .. 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 92 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 25 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 96 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 103 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 56 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 78 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 37 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 86 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 73 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 19 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 61 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 35 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 6 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 4.2 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 5 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.8 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.9 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 1.0 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.6 Combined polity score .. Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 138 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 11.7 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 267 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 99 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 2 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 38 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

17

Central African Republic
Country 4.3 Population (millions) 1.8 Population growth (%) 370 GNI per capita ($) 2,371 Economic density (current $/sq km) 1,477 GDP ($ millions) 4.0 GDP growth (%) 223 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 155 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.9 CPI (% change) 53.4 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 14.8 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 27.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) –0.5 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 9.5 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 69.0 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 1.1 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 8.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 5.6 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 60.7 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 11.5 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 14 Starting a business, time (days) 205.4 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 75 Registering property, time (days) 660 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 504 Paying taxes, time (hours) 204 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 61 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 39 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 11 Real interest rate (%) 7 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.1 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 3 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 0 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,074 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 14 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 22 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 72 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 129 112 Export diversification index (%) 4 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 62 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 63 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 44 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 115 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 175 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 53 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 980 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 45 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 35 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 2 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 6.30 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 11,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 24 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school .. 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 59 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school .. 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 80 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 90 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 71 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 90 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 51 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 25 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 40 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 3 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 0 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 2.5 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.8 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Combined polity score –1.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 134 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 9.1 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 31 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 65 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 0 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 69 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 4 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

19

Chad
Country 10.5 Population (millions) 3.2 Population growth (%) 440 GNI per capita ($) 5,003 Economic density (current $/sq km) 6,300 GDP ($ millions) 0.2 GDP growth (%) 266 GDP per capita (2000 $) –2.9 GDP per capita growth (%) 227 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 8.0 CPI (% change) 20.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 55.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 25.1 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 11.1 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 28.1 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 39.8 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 22.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 75.6 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 15.2 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1.2 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 50 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 19 Starting a business, procedures (number) 75 Starting a business, time (days) 188.8 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 44 Registering property, time (days) 743 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 122 Paying taxes, time (hours) 64 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 46 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 4 Access to electricity (% of total population) 1 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 27 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 9 Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.8 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 49 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 0 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 750 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 61 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

20

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 40 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 100 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 127 112 Export diversification index (%) 1 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 74 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 66 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 51 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 124 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 209 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 14 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,500 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 45 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 23 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 1 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 3.50 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 14,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 31 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 63 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 38 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 61 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 72 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 77 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 66 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 71 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 40 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 4 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 23 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 20 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 0 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 5 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 4 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 0 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 1 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) 5.0 .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 2.6 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –2.0 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Combined polity score –2.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 284 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 4.5 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 27 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 153 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 3 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 128 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 260 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

21

Comoros
Country 0.6 Population (millions) 2.2 Population growth (%) 670 GNI per capita ($) 216,645 Economic density (current $/sq km) 403 GDP ($ millions) 1.2 GDP growth (%) 382 GDP per capita (2000 $) –0.9 GDP per capita growth (%) 172 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) .. CPI (% change) 45.2 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 11.8 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 38.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 13.6 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 69.9 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth –14.0 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 9.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 4.9 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 85.4 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 35.1 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.3 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 23 Starting a business, time (days) 188.4 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 24 Registering property, time (days) 506 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 100 Paying taxes, time (hours) 49 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 46 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 77 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 473 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 8 Real interest rate (%) 8 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 38 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 1 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,338 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 12 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

22

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The Little Data Book on Africa

Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 36 100 .. 6 .. 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

72 65 1 1 62 .. 63 50 .. .. .. .. 51 94 68 157 62 .. 400 902 47 .. 66 72 9 .. 0.10 5.00 100 1,500,000 0 0 50 60 35 47 .. .. 84 87 73 74 87 86 59 63 91 81 81 46 26 24 49 42 .. .. .. .. 9 19 .. .. .. .. 3 3 .. .. 2.4 No 3 –0.7 –0.5 –0.4 –1.8 –1.4 –0.9 9.0 30 7.5 50 20 1 10 0.0 .. .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

23

Congo, Rep.
Country 3.7 Population (millions) 2.2 Population growth (%) 1,370 GNI per capita ($) 22,639 Economic density (current $/sq km) 7,731 GDP ($ millions) 6.2 GDP growth (%) 1,145 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.9 GDP per capita growth (%) 183 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 3.4 CPI (% change) 4.0 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 70.2 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 25.8 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 14.8 Current account balance (% of GDP) 6.4 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 44.4 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 79.3 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 65.7 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 22.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 107.6 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 42.9 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3.7 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 91 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 37 Starting a business, time (days) 150.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 137 Registering property, time (days) 560 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 606 Paying taxes, time (hours) 65 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 69 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 35 Access to electricity (% of total population) 5 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 51 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –3 Real interest rate (%) 2 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 94 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 14 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 790 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 87 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

24

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 44 .. .. 1 724 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

39 65 1 1 62 .. 55 50 51 .. .. .. 79 94 126 157 86 .. 740 902 31 .. 66 72 6 .. 3.50 5.00 6,400 1,500,000 0 0 73 60 55 47 97 .. 90 87 72 74 88 86 57 63 95 81 35 46 21 24 19 42 51 .. 16 .. 14 19 2 .. 0 .. 2 3 .. .. 2.7 Yes 2 –1.0 –1.1 –0.8 –1.3 –1.2 –1.3 –4.0 254 3.3 69 169 1 84 0.0 2,881 .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

25

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Country 60.6 Population (millions) 3.2 Population growth (%) 130 GNI per capita ($) 3,769 Economic density (current $/sq km) 8,545 GDP ($ millions) 5.1 GDP growth (%) 91 GDP per capita (2000 $) 1.8 GDP per capita growth (%) 155 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 21.3 CPI (% change) 43.3 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 26.3 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 25.3 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) –0.1 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 18.0 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 131.1 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 4.7 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 16.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 10.0 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 60.9 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 22.0 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 13 Starting a business, procedures (number) 155 Starting a business, time (days) 487.2 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 57 Registering property, time (days) 685 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 3 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 308 Paying taxes, time (hours) 230 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 13 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 74 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 21 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 18 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 2 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 68 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 26 Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 20 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 20 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 23 52 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 60 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 70 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 9 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 13 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.1 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 16 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 4 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 785 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 29 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 41 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 140 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 33 112 Export diversification index (%) 6 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 67 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 67 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 46 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 129 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 205 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 61 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 44 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 73 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 3.20 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 90,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 38 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 34 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 70 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 73 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 77 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 91 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 63 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 82 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 29 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 25 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 42 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 7 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 0 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) 26.0 .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 2.8 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –2.3 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.7 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.7 Combined polity score 5.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 2,056 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 24.1 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 34 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 1,500 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) –1 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 556 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 10,389 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 4 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

27

Côte d’Ivoire
Country 18.9 Population (millions) 1.8 Population growth (%) 860 GNI per capita ($) 54,301 Economic density (current $/sq km) 17,268 GDP ($ millions) –0.3 GDP growth (%) 549 GDP per capita (2000 $) –2.0 GDP per capita growth (%) 166 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.5 CPI (% change) 23.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 26.8 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 50.2 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 2.8 Current account balance (% of GDP) –1.4 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 18.5 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 80.2 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 20.4 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 9.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 6.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 70.6 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 24.6 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 94 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 40 Starting a business, time (days) 135.8 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 62 Registering property, time (days) 770 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 270 Paying taxes, time (hours) 45 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 38 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 8 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 252 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 14 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 1.1 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 142 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 27 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,777 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 52 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 42 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 82 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 116 112 Export diversification index (%) 7 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 319 7,671 2 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 53 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 63 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 48 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index 45 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 90 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 127 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 57 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 810 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 34 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 73 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 4 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 3.90 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 38,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 43 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 46 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 61 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 68 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 65 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 89 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 40 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 98 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 66 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 12 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 38 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 23 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 2 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 2.6 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –2.1 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.0 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Combined polity score 4.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 251 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 1.5 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 13 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 199 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 0 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 52 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 5 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

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29

Djibouti
Country 0.8 Population (millions) 1.8 Population growth (%) 1,060 GNI per capita ($) 33,170 Economic density (current $/sq km) 769 GDP ($ millions) 4.8 GDP growth (%) 817 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.0 GDP per capita growth (%) 115 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) .. CPI (% change) 3.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 14.6 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 71.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –2.2 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 31.2 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 60.3 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 12.1 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 29.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.0 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 44.1 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 22.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.4 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 93 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 37 Starting a business, time (days) 206.6 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 40 Registering property, time (days) 1,225 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 114 Paying taxes, time (hours) 39 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 46 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 45 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 132 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 8 Real interest rate (%) 20 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) .. Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 80 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,500 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 40 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 57 100 .. 23 108 4

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

14 65 1 1 59 .. 54 50 .. .. .. .. 86 94 130 157 93 .. 650 902 39 .. 67 72 1 .. 3.10 5.00 1,100 1,500,000 0 0 35 60 34 47 .. .. 76 87 69 74 84 86 55 63 98 81 54 46 11 24 76 42 .. .. .. .. 7 19 .. .. .. .. 1 3 .. .. 3.1 .. .. –0.5 –1.1 –0.1 –1.0 –0.8 –0.5 2.0 117 15.2 143 89 2 26 0.0 .. .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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31

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Country 74.2 Population (millions) 1.8 Population growth (%) 1,360 GNI per capita ($) 107,975 Economic density (current $/sq km) 107,484 GDP ($ millions) 6.8 GDP growth (%) 1,724 GDP per capita (2000 $) 4.9 GDP per capita growth (%) 84 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 7.6 CPI (% change) 13.2 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 36.2 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 44.7 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 2.5 Current account balance (% of GDP) –5.8 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 37.6 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 27.3 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 17.1 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 11.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 103.5 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 87.8 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 34.7 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 7 Starting a business, procedures (number) 9 Starting a business, time (days) 28.6 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 193 Registering property, time (days) 1,010 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 7 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 711 Paying taxes, time (hours) 48 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 5 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 10 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 27 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 167 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 81 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 93 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 5 Real interest rate (%) 55 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 50 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 79 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 37 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 27 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 25 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 22 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 100.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 7,331 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 325 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 7,499 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 30 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) North Africa 154.2 1.6 2,333 64,481 370,017 5.5 2,060 3.9 117 10.3 41.9 40.9 10.3 0.0 36.2 19.4 37.0 23.5 14.8 106.1 77.2 26.6 .. 9 14 15.4 83 705 5 447 57 3 10 47 34 4 .. 68 .. 38

.. 1,265 139 2,906 39

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 32 112 .. 13 9,894 5,330 57 1 54 71 17 34 29 35 74 130 24 98 .. 0.10 500 0 94 26 85 95 49 77 22 99 98 52 85 .. .. 39 .. .. 8 .. .. .. .. –0.6 –1.2 –0.8 –0.4 –0.3 –0.1 –3.0 873 0.8 12 537 50 287 0.0 .. 6 2

Notrth Africa 31 .. 85 .. 17,080 12,300 47 1 .. 71 .. .. 30 35 71 159 24 96 .. .. .. 0 .. 25 .. .. 54 80 28 96 87 60 90 .. .. 53 .. .. 10 ..

2,596 0.7 17 1,628 165 803 0.0 .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

33

Eritrea
Country 4.7 Population (millions) 3.7 Population growth (%) 190 GNI per capita ($) 10,742 Economic density (current $/sq km) 1,085 GDP ($ millions) –1.0 GDP growth (%) 160 GDP per capita (2000 $) –4.5 GDP per capita growth (%) 145 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) .. CPI (% change) 16.0 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 21.1 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 54.5 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –16.5 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 53.1 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 73.7 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth –23.3 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 4.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 62.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 31.1 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1.0 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 73 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 13 Starting a business, procedures (number) 84 Starting a business, time (days) 125.8 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 101 Registering property, time (days) 405 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 4 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 216 Paying taxes, time (hours) 85 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 20 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 22 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 40 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 29 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 3.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 22 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 7 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 406 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 8 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 50 86 .. 17 28 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

80 65 1 1 64 .. 57 50 .. .. .. .. 48 94 74 157 28 .. 450 902 44 .. 95 72 4 .. 1.30 5.00 2,600 1,500,000 0 0 49 60 47 47 .. .. 72 87 75 74 91 86 60 63 74 81 57 46 3 24 14 42 .. .. .. .. 2 19 .. .. .. .. 2 3 .. .. 2.4 No 3 –0.6 –2.2 –1.0 –1.3 –2.0 –1.1 –7.0 129 11.9 28 63 –2 67 0.0 .. .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

35

Ethiopia
Country 77.2 Population (millions) 2.6 Population growth (%) 190 GNI per capita ($) 15,166 Economic density (current $/sq km) 15,166 GDP ($ millions) 10.9 GDP growth (%) 161 GDP per capita (2000 $) 8.0 GDP per capita growth (%) 122 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 12.3 CPI (% change) 44.4 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 11.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 36.5 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –11.8 Current account balance (% of GDP) –7.6 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 14.8 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 15.3 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 1.5 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 24.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 7.6 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 83.5 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 27.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.4 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 65 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 7 Starting a business, procedures (number) 16 Starting a business, time (days) 41.3 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 43 Registering property, time (days) 690 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 4 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 198 Paying taxes, time (hours) 31 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 14 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 34 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 44 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 5 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 12 Access to electricity (% of total population) 13 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 39 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –4 Real interest rate (%) 24 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 23 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 24 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 12 40 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 44 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 21 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 4 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 23 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 26 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 2 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,589 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 14 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 37 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 79 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 100 112 Export diversification index (%) 5 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 545 7,671 169 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 84 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 64 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 52 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 44 .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 77 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 123 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 6 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 720 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 51 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 63 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 2 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 2.10 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 67,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 43 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 59 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 50 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 81 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 82 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 91 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 74 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 96 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 31 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 8 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 27 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 86 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 2 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 2 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 35 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 0 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 0 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) 17.0 .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.4 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.7 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Combined polity score 1.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 1,947 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 12.8 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 25 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 1,024 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 25 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 898 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 3,275 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 2 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 1 ..

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37

Equatorial Guinea
Country 0.5 Population (millions) 2.4 Population growth (%) 8,510 GNI per capita ($) 305,359 Economic density (current $/sq km) 8,565 GDP ($ millions) –5.6 GDP growth (%) 7,470 GDP per capita (2000 $) –7.8 GDP per capita growth (%) 231 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 4.2 CPI (% change) 2.7 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 93.6 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 2.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 22.3 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 3.2 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 86.0 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 41.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.6 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 122.0 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 31.9 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.7 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 90 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 20 Starting a business, procedures (number) 136 Starting a business, time (days) 105.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 23 Registering property, time (days) 553 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 296 Paying taxes, time (hours) 60 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 66 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 103 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –3 Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) .. Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 16 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 95 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 50 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 168 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 151 112 Export diversification index (%) 1 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 61 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 61 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 51 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 124 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 206 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 65 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 680 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 43 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 51 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 1 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 3.40 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 1,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 58 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 32 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 95 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 83 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 73 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 94 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 53 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 45 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 42 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 46 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 60 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 22 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 2 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.9 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.4 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Combined polity score –5.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 27 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 0.3 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 54 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 19 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 0 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 8 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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39

Gabon
Country 1.3 Population (millions) 1.6 Population growth (%) 5,360 GNI per capita ($) 37,047 Economic density (current $/sq km) 9,546 GDP ($ millions) 1.2 GDP growth (%) 4,263 GDP per capita (2000 $) –0.4 GDP per capita growth (%) 171 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) –1.4 CPI (% change) 4.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 61.2 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 33.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 12.9 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 11.4 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 45.6 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 64.7 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 23.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 152.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 54.7 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 9 Starting a business, procedures (number) 58 Starting a business, time (days) 25.6 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 60 Registering property, time (days) 1,070 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 272 Paying taxes, time (hours) 45 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 52 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 75 Access to electricity (% of total population) 10 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 36 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 7 Real interest rate (%) 9 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 1.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 27 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 29 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,540 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 65 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 24 150 100 2 344 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

16 65 1 1 56 .. 57 50 .. .. .. .. 60 94 91 157 86 .. 520 902 26 .. 55 72 .. .. 5.90 5.00 2,300 1,500,000 0 0 75 60 36 47 96 .. 96 87 75 74 85 86 64 63 95 81 47 46 30 24 37 42 91 .. 31 .. 71 19 20 .. 2 .. 6 3 .. .. .. Yes 3 –0.9 –0.8 0.2 –0.7 –0.5 –0.6 –4.0 31 0.3 24 32 1 –1 0.0 .. 6 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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41

Gambia, The
Country 1.7 Population (millions) 2.8 Population growth (%) 270 GNI per capita ($) 51,069 Economic density (current $/sq km) 511 GDP ($ millions) 6.5 GDP growth (%) 326 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.5 GDP per capita growth (%) 94 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 3.2 CPI (% change) 29.6 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 11.9 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 49.2 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –12.8 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 23.0 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 142.0 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 4.4 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 24.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.9 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 74.0 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 44.9 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 86 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 9 Starting a business, procedures (number) 32 Starting a business, time (days) 279.0 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 371 Registering property, time (days) 434 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 2 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 376 Paying taxes, time (hours) 292 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 5 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 3 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 27 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 64 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 24 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 19 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 374 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 27 Real interest rate (%) 16 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 10 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 63 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 12 31 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 40 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 78 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 3 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.6 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 25 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 3 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,223 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 45 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 65 74 54 4 82 63

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

45 65 1 1 59 .. 59 50 61 .. 47 .. 84 94 113 157 57 .. 690 902 24 .. 95 72 15 .. 0.90 5.00 1,300 1,500,000 0 0 63 60 35 47 .. .. 102 87 73 74 87 86 60 63 91 81 81 46 55 24 50 42 .. .. .. .. 27 19 .. .. .. .. 5 3 .. .. 3.2 No 2 –0.8 –1.0 –0.1 –0.7 –0.4 –0.2 –5.0 74 14.5 45 25 6 43 0.0 90 .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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43

Ghana
Country 23.0 Population (millions) 2.1 Population growth (%) 510 GNI per capita ($) 55,881 Economic density (current $/sq km) 12,715 GDP ($ millions) 6.4 GDP growth (%) 294 GDP per capita (2000 $) 4.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 188 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 10.9 CPI (% change) 38.0 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 25.8 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 36.3 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –8.2 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.9 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 20.9 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 25.1 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 7.9 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 32.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 91.8 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 45.9 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 4.7 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 86 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 42 Starting a business, time (days) 41.4 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 34 Registering property, time (days) 487 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 7 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 304 Paying taxes, time (hours) 33 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 8 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 7 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 37 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 24 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 10 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 44 Access to electricity (% of total population) 18 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 253 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 18 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 10 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 60 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 11 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 31 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 66 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 86 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 5 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 75 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 9 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,334 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 40 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 65 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 103 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 115 112 Export diversification index (%) 4 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 435 7,671 105 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 51 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 60 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 60 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 29 .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 76 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 120 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 50 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 560 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 36 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 85 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 4 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 1.90 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 21,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 71 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 35 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 71 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 94 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 74 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 76 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 72 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 90 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 71 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 6 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 15 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 77 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 21 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 24 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 17 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 1 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 3 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 4.0 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 4 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.5 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.0 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.0 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.1 Combined polity score 8.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 1,176 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 9.2 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 51 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 595 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 1 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 580 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 3,500 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 2 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 1 ..

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45

Guinea
Country 9.2 Population (millions) 2.0 Population growth (%) 410 GNI per capita ($) 13,039 Economic density (current $/sq km) 3,204 GDP ($ millions) 2.2 GDP growth (%) 406 GDP per capita (2000 $) 0.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 86 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) .. CPI (% change) 12.7 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 36.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 45.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –4.1 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 12.5 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 102.4 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 10.5 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 13.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 10.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 88.3 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 34.9 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 5.3 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 13 Starting a business, procedures (number) 41 Starting a business, time (days) 138.3 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 104 Registering property, time (days) 276 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 416 Paying taxes, time (hours) 50 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 10 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 44 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 16 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 34 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 21 Access to electricity (% of total population) 10 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 180 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 7 Real interest rate (%) 5 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 48 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 26 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 30 39 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 58 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 84 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 5.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 28 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 46 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,436 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 33 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 36 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 93 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 4 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 79 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 67 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 63 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 56 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index 39 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 98 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 161 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 38 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 910 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 39 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 67 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 0 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 1.60 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 4,500 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 64 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 44 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 47 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 74 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 86 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 88 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 83 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 91 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 59 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 12 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 33 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 63 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 3 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 2 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 24 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 0 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 1 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.0 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –2.0 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Combined polity score –1.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 164 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 5.1 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 18 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 103 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 3 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 58 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 800 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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47

Guinea-Bissau
Country 1.6 Population (millions) 3.0 Population growth (%) 180 GNI per capita ($) 10,937 Economic density (current $/sq km) 308 GDP ($ millions) 1.8 GDP growth (%) 130 GDP per capita (2000 $) –1.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 143 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.0 CPI (% change) 60.3 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 11.2 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 26.2 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 5.1 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 25.8 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 231.3 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 6.3 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 17.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 6.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 69.7 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 17.7 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 0.4 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 17 Starting a business, procedures (number) 233 Starting a business, time (days) 255.5 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 211 Registering property, time (days) 1,140 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 208 Paying taxes, time (hours) 46 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 6 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 11 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 66 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 21 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 9 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 28 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 123 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 4 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 44 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 30 44 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 72 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 74 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 4 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 4.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 80 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 1 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,625 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 42 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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The Little Data Book on Africa

Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 53 97 .. 1 9 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

70 65 1 1 66 .. 46 50 66 .. .. .. 119 94 200 157 39 .. 1,100 902 36 .. 60 72 7 .. 1.80 5.00 1,100 1,500,000 0 0 27 60 44 47 .. .. 65 87 78 74 93 86 63 63 82 81 47 46 26 24 48 42 .. .. .. .. 10 19 .. .. .. .. 2 3 .. .. 2.6 No 2 –1.1 –0.5 –0.4 –1.2 –1.1 –1.4 6.0 82 26.8 50 39 0 43 0.0 790 .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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49

Kenya
Country 36.6 Population (millions) 2.7 Population growth (%) 580 GNI per capita ($) 40,024 Economic density (current $/sq km) 22,779 GDP ($ millions) 6.1 GDP growth (%) 439 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.3 GDP per capita growth (%) 142 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 14.5 CPI (% change) 24.0 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 16.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 48.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –2.3 Current account balance (% of GDP) 1.5 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 24.1 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 28.7 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 9.5 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 21.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 105.9 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 50.3 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.7 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 92 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 12 Starting a business, procedures (number) 44 Starting a business, time (days) 46.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 64 Registering property, time (days) 465 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 3 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 432 Paying taxes, time (hours) 51 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 5 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 9 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 21 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 51 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 13 Access to electricity (% of total population) 14 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 111 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 4 Real interest rate (%) 26 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 74 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 70 68 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 44 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 48 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 23 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 28 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 1.8 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 178 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 25 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,675 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 25 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 37 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 87 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 19 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 27 7,671 570 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 79 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 65 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 53 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 46 .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 79 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 121 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 42 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 560 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 36 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 77 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 5 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 6.10 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 140,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 93 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 40 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 80 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 96 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 81 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 90 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 72 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 85 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 49 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 48 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 19 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 51 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 4 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 21 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 37 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 6 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 8 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.6 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.1 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.0 Combined polity score 8.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 943 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 4.1 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 26 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 761 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 16 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 166 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

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51

Lesotho
Country 2.0 Population (millions) 0.7 Population growth (%) 980 GNI per capita ($) 49,236 Economic density (current $/sq km) 1,494 GDP ($ millions) 7.2 GDP growth (%) 528 GDP per capita (2000 $) 6.4 GDP per capita growth (%) 142 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 6.0 CPI (% change) 14.4 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 38.3 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 35.8 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 4.5 Current account balance (% of GDP) 4.1 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 50.8 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 44.8 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth –15.0 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 33.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.1 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 114.4 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 37.0 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3.6 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 85 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 8 Starting a business, procedures (number) 73 Starting a business, time (days) 37.4 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 101 Registering property, time (days) 695 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 2 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 342 Paying taxes, time (hours) 20 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 2 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 3 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 21 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 51 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 6 Access to electricity (% of total population) 18 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 196 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 8 Real interest rate (%) 9 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 36 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 47 42 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 39 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 36 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 18 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 30 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.9 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 344 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 61 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 654 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 51 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 99 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 116 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 129 112 Export diversification index (%) 8 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 78 7,671 4 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 76 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 64 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 43 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 102 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 132 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 55 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 960 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 45 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 85 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 23.20 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 18,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 78 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 40 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) .. .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 104 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 61 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 75 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 49 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 93 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 74 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 34 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 43 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 28 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 1 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 21 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 46 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 11 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 3 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.5 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.1 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.0 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Combined polity score 8.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 72 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 4.8 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 36 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 38 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) –1 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 34 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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Liberia
Country 3.6 Population (millions) 4.0 Population growth (%) 130 GNI per capita ($) 6,375 Economic density (current $/sq km) 614 GDP ($ millions) 7.8 GDP growth (%) 134 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.7 GDP per capita growth (%) 128 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) .. CPI (% change) 65.8 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 15.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 18.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –22.5 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 5.4 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 435.5 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 2.4 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 16.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 4.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 91.5 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 32.3 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 15.6 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 12 Starting a business, procedures (number) 99 Starting a business, time (days) 493.3 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 50 Registering property, time (days) 1,280 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 4 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 158 Paying taxes, time (hours) 36 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 31 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 6 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 110 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 6 Real interest rate (%) 9 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) .. Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 9 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 29 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 74 .. .. 3 .. 685

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

41 65 1 1 67 .. 45 50 .. .. .. .. 157 94 235 157 51 .. 1,200 902 45 .. 94 72 3 .. 1.70 5.00 2,300 1,500,000 0 0 63 60 19 47 67 .. 73 87 70 74 84 86 56 63 72 81 52 46 7 24 49 42 .. .. .. .. 0 19 .. .. .. .. 0 3 .. .. .. Yes 2 –0.4 –0.4 –1.2 –1.2 –1.2 –1.1 6.0 269 43.8 75 187 0 81 0.0 .. 4 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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Libya
Country 6.0 Population (millions) 2.0 Population growth (%) 7,390 GNI per capita ($) 28,252 Economic density (current $/sq km) 49,711 GDP ($ millions) 5.2 GDP growth (%) 7,040 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.1 GDP per capita growth (%) 117 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 3.4 CPI (% change) .. Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) .. Value added, industry (% of GDP) .. Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 44.6 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) .. Central government revenue (% of GDP) .. Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 26.4 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 15.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 110.4 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 93.5 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 55.8 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) .. Starting a business, procedures (number) .. Starting a business, time (days) .. Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) .. Registering property, time (days) .. Enforcing contracts, time (days) .. Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) .. Paying taxes, time (hours) .. Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 57 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 47 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –6 Real interest rate (%) 16 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 21.9 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 671 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 227 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 611 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 48 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) North Africa 154.2 1.6 2,333 64,481 370,017 5.5 2,060 3.9 117 10.3 41.9 40.9 10.3 0.0 36.2 19.4 37.0 23.5 14.8 106.1 77.2 26.6 .. 9 14 15.4 83 705 5 447 57 3 10 47 34 4 .. 68 .. 38

.. 1,265 139 2,906 39

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 36 Terms of trade index (2000=100) .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. Export diversification index (%) 1 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 1,590 6 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 23 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 51 Life expectancy at birth (years) 74 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. Gini index .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 17 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 18 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 97 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 98 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) .. Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS .. Physicians per 1,000 people 1 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) .. Student-teacher ratio, primary school .. Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 98 Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 105 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 61 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 84 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 36 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 72 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 68 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 96 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 97 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 48 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. Internet users (per 100 people) 4 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles .. Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) .. Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.8 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.9 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.5 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.0 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Combined polity score –7.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 37 Net aid (% of GDP) 0.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 6 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 33 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 1 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 3 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) ..

North Africa 31 .. 85 .. 17,080 12,300 47 1 .. 71 .. .. 30 35 71 159 24 96 .. .. .. 0 .. 25 .. .. 54 80 28 96 87 60 90 .. .. 53 .. .. 10 ..

2,596 0.7 17 1,628 165 803 0.0 .. .. ..

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Madagascar
Country 19.2 Population (millions) 2.8 Population growth (%) 280 GNI per capita ($) 9,456 Economic density (current $/sq km) 5,499 GDP ($ millions) 4.9 GDP growth (%) 238 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.1 GDP per capita growth (%) 121 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 10.8 CPI (% change) 25.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 13.9 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 52.2 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –11.0 Current account balance (% of GDP) 9.9 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 11.2 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 26.4 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 13.6 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 24.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 139.5 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 23.8 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.8 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 84 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 5 Starting a business, procedures (number) 7 Starting a business, time (days) 22.7 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 134 Registering property, time (days) 871 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 238 Paying taxes, time (hours) 47 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 7 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 63 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 58 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 19 Access to electricity (% of total population) 12 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 86 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 16 Real interest rate (%) 10 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 47 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 38 45 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 59 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 41 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 15 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 30 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 30.6 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 54 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 2 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 2,511 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 30 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 41 129 .. 19 85 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

71 65 1 1 63 .. 59 50 .. .. 47 .. 72 94 115 157 51 .. 510 902 53 .. 59 72 0 .. 0.10 5.00 1,000 1,500,000 0 0 57 60 48 47 70 .. 96 87 83 74 86 86 80 63 76 81 36 46 10 24 18 42 52 .. 10 .. 6 19 12 .. 3 .. 1 3 .. .. 3.7 Yes 3 –0.2 0.0 –0.1 –0.3 –0.2 –0.4 7.0 754 13.7 39 266 4 485 0.0 1,900 3 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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Malawi
Country 13.6 Population (millions) 2.6 Population growth (%) 230 GNI per capita ($) 33,628 Economic density (current $/sq km) 3,164 GDP ($ millions) 7.9 GDP growth (%) 145 GDP per capita (2000 $) 5.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 161 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 14.0 CPI (% change) 30.5 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 17.6 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 41.2 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –7.5 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 17.4 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 26.9 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 11.2 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 23.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 119.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 29.1 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 0.4 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 82 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 37 Starting a business, time (days) 188.7 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 88 Registering property, time (days) 432 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 4 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 370 Paying taxes, time (hours) 32 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 3 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 6 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 25 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 98 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 77 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 7 Access to electricity (% of total population) 45 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 164 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 12 Real interest rate (%) 9 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 47 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 59 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 47 56 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 43 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 60 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 13 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 50 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2.2 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 353 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 6 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,107 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 17 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 29 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 185 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 73 112 Export diversification index (%) 3 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 6 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 82 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 67 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 48 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index 39 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 76 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 120 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 54 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 53 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 85 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 15 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 11.90 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 68,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 55 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school .. 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) .. .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 100 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 88 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 90 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 86 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 96 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 72 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 62 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 51 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 34 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 2 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 6 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 27 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 2 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 0 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.4 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.3 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.0 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Combined polity score 6.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 669 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 21.1 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 49 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 398 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 12 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 259 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 1,000 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 1 ..

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Mali
Country 12.0 Population (millions) 3.1 Population growth (%) 460 GNI per capita ($) 4,808 Economic density (current $/sq km) 5,866 GDP ($ millions) 5.3 GDP growth (%) 290 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 169 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 1.5 CPI (% change) 34.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 22.2 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 36.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –3.9 Current account balance (% of GDP) 32.1 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 16.4 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 24.5 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 14.8 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 22.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 80.1 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 28.3 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3.0 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 81 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 26 Starting a business, time (days) 132.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 29 Registering property, time (days) 860 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 270 Paying taxes, time (hours) 51 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 8 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 9 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 38 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 48 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 4 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 13 Access to electricity (% of total population) 18 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 15 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 17 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 16 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 50 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 5 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 54 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 60 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 56 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 8 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 4.9 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 89 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 5 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,067 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 32 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 40 96 .. 2 82 193

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

69 65 1 1 68 .. 54 50 .. .. 40 .. 119 94 217 157 41 .. 970 902 43 .. 86 72 .. .. 1.50 5.00 5,800 1,500,000 0 0 49 60 56 47 .. .. 74 87 79 74 84 86 75 63 86 81 48 46 39 24 59 42 41 .. 3 .. 13 19 13 .. 0 .. 1 3 .. .. 3.7 Yes 3 –0.4 0.3 –0.1 –0.6 –0.3 –0.4 6.0 825 14.1 69 398 9 418 0.0 895 3 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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Mauritania
Country 3.0 Population (millions) 2.7 Population growth (%) 760 GNI per capita ($) 2,583 Economic density (current $/sq km) 2,663 GDP ($ millions) 11.7 GDP growth (%) 483 GDP per capita (2000 $) 8.7 GDP per capita growth (%) 181 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 6.2 CPI (% change) 12.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 44.0 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 35.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 21.5 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 61.2 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 18.8 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 23.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.7 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 101.7 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 25.0 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3.5 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 99 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 65 Starting a business, time (days) 56.2 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 49 Registering property, time (days) 400 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 696 Paying taxes, time (hours) 108 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 7 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 45 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 8 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 4 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 23 Access to electricity (% of total population) 11 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 7 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –4 Real interest rate (%) 27 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 17 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 49 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 1 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 35 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 44 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 29 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 3 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 23 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 9.8 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 59 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 8 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 782 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 55 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 59 131 .. 4 .. 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

59 65 1 1 60 .. 64 50 46 .. 39 .. 78 94 125 157 57 .. 820 902 40 .. 62 72 2 .. 0.80 5.00 1,000 1,500,000 0 0 47 60 41 47 61 .. 102 87 71 74 85 86 57 63 70 81 54 46 10 24 44 42 51 .. 3 .. 36 19 8 .. 0 .. 1 3 .. .. 3.4 Yes 3 –0.5 –0.8 –0.3 –0.7 –0.4 –0.6 –3.0 188 7.0 62 94 1 93 0.0 1,100 3 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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65

Mauritius
Country 1.3 Population (millions) 0.8 Population growth (%) 5,430 GNI per capita ($) 3,126,441 Economic density (current $/sq km) 6,347 GDP ($ millions) 3.5 GDP growth (%) 4,522 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.7 GDP per capita growth (%) 112 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 8.9 CPI (% change) 4.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 23.5 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 59.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –9.6 Current account balance (% of GDP) –3.0 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 19.7 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 31.5 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 17.5 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 24.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.9 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 101.8 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 88.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 17.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 84 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 6 Starting a business, procedures (number) 7 Starting a business, time (days) 5.3 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 210 Registering property, time (days) 750 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 161 Paying taxes, time (hours) 22 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 5 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 23 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 23 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 100 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 993 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 16 Real interest rate (%) 78 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 37 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 26 28 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 33 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 13 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 28 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 43 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 20.8 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 2,575 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 54 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 7,793 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 60 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 67 88 .. 12 97 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

58 65 0 1 40 .. 73 50 .. .. .. .. 13 94 14 157 99 .. 15 902 .. .. 99 72 .. .. 1.70 5.00 100 1,500,000 1 0 92 60 22 47 95 .. 100 87 66 74 84 86 47 63 100 81 100 46 94 24 95 42 .. .. .. .. 90 19 .. .. .. .. 26 3 .. .. .. No 5 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 10.0 19 0.3 15 9 –2 12 0.0 .. .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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Morocco
Country 30.5 Population (millions) 1.2 Population growth (%) 2,160 GNI per capita ($) 146,541 Economic density (current $/sq km) 65,401 GDP ($ millions) 8.0 GDP growth (%) 1,667 GDP per capita (2000 $) 6.7 GDP per capita growth (%) 129 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 3.3 CPI (% change) 14.0 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 24.8 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 50.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 2.8 Current account balance (% of GDP) –1.8 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 25.6 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 28.3 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 26.2 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.9 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 106.0 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 52.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 11.8 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 95 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 6 Starting a business, procedures (number) 12 Starting a business, time (days) 11.5 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 47 Registering property, time (days) 615 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 358 Paying taxes, time (hours) 45 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 2 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 4 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 63 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 19 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 3 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 62 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 129 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 12 Real interest rate (%) 58 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 27 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 44 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 3 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 56 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 32 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 37 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 16 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 31 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 15.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 426 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 58 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,622 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 33 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) North Africa 154.2 1.6 2,333 64,481 370,017 5.5 2,060 3.9 117 10.3 41.9 40.9 10.3 0.0 36.2 19.4 37.0 23.5 14.8 106.1 77.2 26.6 .. 9 14 15.4 83 705 5 447 57 3 10 47 34 4 .. 68 .. 38

.. 1,265 139 2,906 39

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 38 104 93 69 2,356 5,454 45 1 51 71 .. .. 34 37 63 240 23 95 .. 0.10 1,000 1 84 27 70 87 55 84 29 100 58 54 85 .. .. 57 .. .. 20 .. .. .. .. –0.2 –0.6 –0.5 –0.1 –0.1 –0.2 –6.0 1,046 1.6 34 567 116 362 0.0 .. 6 2

North Africa 31 .. 85 .. 17,080 12,300 47 1 .. 71 .. .. 30 35 71 159 24 96 .. .. .. 0 .. 25 .. .. 54 80 28 96 87 60 90 .. .. 53 .. .. 10 ..

2,596 0.7 17 1,628 165 803 0.0 .. .. ..

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Mozambique
Country 21.0 Population (millions) 2.1 Population growth (%) 310 GNI per capita ($) 8,690 Economic density (current $/sq km) 6,833 GDP ($ millions) 8.0 GDP growth (%) 330 GDP per capita (2000 $) 5.7 GDP per capita growth (%) 99 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 13.2 CPI (% change) 25.6 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 23.4 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 41.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –9.3 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 15.6 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 47.8 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 13.3 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 19.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 7.1 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 104.8 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 15.5 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1.5 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 94 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 29 Starting a business, time (days) 21.6 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 42 Registering property, time (days) 1,010 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 230 Paying taxes, time (hours) 34 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 54 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 11 Access to electricity (% of total population) 19 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 39 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 12 Real interest rate (%) 14 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2.6 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 16 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 15 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 902 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 41 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 47 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 81 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 2 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 153 7,671 16 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 65 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 64 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 42 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 54 .. Gini index 47 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 96 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 138 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 48 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 520 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 47 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 77 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 12.50 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 81,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 42 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 67 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) .. .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 85 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 84 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 83 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 85 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 71 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 26 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 19 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 53 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 30 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 1 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 11 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 6 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 0 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 1 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.6 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.1 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.4 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Combined polity score 6.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 1,611 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 23.6 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 77 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 938 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 3 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 669 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 4,300 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 1 ..

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Namibia
Country 2.0 Population (millions) 1.3 Population growth (%) 3,210 GNI per capita ($) 7,976 Economic density (current $/sq km) 6,566 GDP ($ millions) 2.9 GDP growth (%) 2,166 GDP per capita (2000 $) 1.6 GDP per capita growth (%) 148 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 5.1 CPI (% change) 9.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 27.6 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 52.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 16.2 Current account balance (% of GDP) –6.8 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 33.6 Central government revenue (% of GDP) .. Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 28.4 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 29.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.0 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 107.1 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 56.9 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 5.8 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 93 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 99 Starting a business, time (days) 22.3 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 23 Registering property, time (days) 270 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 375 Paying taxes, time (hours) 27 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 1 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 3 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 20 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 9 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 2 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 32 Access to electricity (% of total population) 13 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 51 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 2 Real interest rate (%) 62 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 19 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 66 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 28 20 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 18 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 6 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 7 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 20 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 1.0 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 19 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 39 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 434 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 54 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 55 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 104 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 5 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 342 7,671 7 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 64 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 61 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 52 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 45 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 61 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 76 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 210 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 30 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 63 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 15.30 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 5,100 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 76 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 31 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 92 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 104 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 56 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 64 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 48 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 99 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 90 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 18 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 66 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 75 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 10 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 36 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 44 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 4 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 4 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 5 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.6 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.9 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.0 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.1 Combined polity score 6.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 145 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 2.2 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 71 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 106 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 2 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 38 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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Niger
Country 13.7 Population (millions) 3.6 Population growth (%) 270 GNI per capita ($) 2,840 Economic density (current $/sq km) 3,597 GDP ($ millions) 5.2 GDP growth (%) 169 GDP per capita (2000 $) 1.5 GDP per capita growth (%) 155 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 0.0 CPI (% change) 41.3 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 17.4 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 41.4 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –9.4 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 11.8 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 22.4 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 13.7 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 23.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 50.6 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 11.2 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 23 Starting a business, time (days) 174.8 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 35 Registering property, time (days) 545 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 270 Paying taxes, time (hours) 42 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 7 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 7 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 70 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 21 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 21 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 21 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 15 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 8 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 59 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 36 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 6 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 69 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 56 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 22 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 6 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 18 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 3 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 0 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 605 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 15 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 25 .. .. 1 35 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

84 65 1 1 66 .. 56 50 .. .. .. .. 148 94 253 157 18 .. 1,800 902 55 .. 47 72 1 .. 0.80 5.00 4,000 1,500,000 0 0 33 60 40 47 37 .. 70 87 84 74 96 86 73 63 91 81 32 46 3 24 27 42 .. .. .. .. 3 19 .. .. .. .. 0 3 37.0 .. 3.3 Yes 3 –0.9 –0.4 –0.6 –0.9 –0.6 –0.9 6.0 401 11.2 29 235 0 166 0.0 1,190 3 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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Nigeria
Country 144.7 Population (millions) 2.4 Population growth (%) 790 GNI per capita ($) 161,256 Economic density (current $/sq km) 146,867 GDP ($ millions) 6.2 GDP growth (%) 454 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.7 GDP per capita growth (%) 223 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 8.2 CPI (% change) 31.7 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 41.6 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 25.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 21.6 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 34.1 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 5.2 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth .. Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) .. Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 96.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 32.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 10.2 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 9 Starting a business, procedures (number) 34 Starting a business, time (days) 56.6 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 82 Registering property, time (days) 457 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 1,120 Paying taxes, time (hours) 32 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 7 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 51 Access to electricity (% of total population) 15 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 212 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –2 Real interest rate (%) 13 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.8 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 67 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 9 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,464 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 43 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 28 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) .. .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 133 112 Export diversification index (%) 1 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 2,013 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 53 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 64 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 47 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 55 .. Gini index 44 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 99 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 191 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 36 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 43 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 62 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 1 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 3.10 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 170,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 76 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 37 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 84 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 83 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 66 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 86 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 47 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 65 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 30 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 25 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 35 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 84 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 35 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 24 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 12 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 2 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 6 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) 47.0 .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.4 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Yes Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.0 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –2.1 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.9 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Combined polity score 4.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 11,434 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 7.8 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 79 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 10,820 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 2 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 613 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) .. 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 3 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

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Rwanda
Country Sub-Saharan Africa 9.5 782.5 Population (millions) 2.5 2.5 Population growth (%) 280 861 GNI per capita ($) 116,303 31,518 Economic density (current $/sq km) 2,869 744,731 GDP ($ millions) 5.5 5.8 GDP growth (%) 263 580 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.9 3.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 115 164 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 8.9 CPI (% change) 41.3 14.5 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 13.3 34.0 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 45.4 42.6 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –6.3 2.0 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 13.2 23.9 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 14.6 23.4 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 3.2 29.0 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 20.3 18.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.8 12.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 140.0 93.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 13.4 28.6 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.6 6.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 92 .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 9 11 Starting a business, procedures (number) 16 56 Starting a business, time (days) 171.5 160.3 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 371 103 Registering property, time (days) 310 673 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 2 5 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 168 320 Paying taxes, time (hours) 34 67 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 7 8 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 13 8 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 42 42 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 18 44 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 14 7 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 5 .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 19 12 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 568 .. Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 3 Real interest rate (%) 12 65 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 4 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 67 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 4 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 45 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 36 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 55 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 3 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.6 3.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 137 106 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 0 13 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,118 1,262 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 10 37 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 27 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 75 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 3 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 26 7,671 17 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 82 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 68 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 46 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 60 .. Gini index 47 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 98 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 160 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 39 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 1,300 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 52 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 95 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 13 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 2.80 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 7,800 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 35 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 66 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 78 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 102 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 83 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 85 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 82 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 82 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 61 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 20 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 34 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 27 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 1 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 3 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 6 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 0 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 1 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.7 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.1 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Combined polity score –3.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 585 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 20.4 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 62 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 321 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 0 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 263 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 1,316 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 2 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

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79

São Tomé and Principe
Country 0.2 Population (millions) 1.6 Population growth (%) 800 GNI per capita ($) 128,563 Economic density (current $/sq km) 123 GDP ($ millions) .. GDP growth (%) .. GDP per capita (2000 $) .. GDP per capita growth (%) .. GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) .. CPI (% change) 16.8 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 20.5 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 62.7 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –46.7 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 17.4 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 287.8 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth .. Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) .. Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 128.1 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 45.5 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 144 Starting a business, time (days) 94.5 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 62 Registering property, time (days) 1,185 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 3 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 424 Paying taxes, time (hours) 49 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 63 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 68 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 333 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 8 Real interest rate (%) 33 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 18.2 Irrigated land (% of cropland) .. Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 139 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 2,455 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) .. Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. .. .. 4 34 2

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

41 65 1 1 64 .. 65 50 .. .. .. .. 63 94 96 157 81 .. .. 902 35 .. 85 72 50 .. .. 5.00 .. 1,500,000 0 0 74 60 31 47 95 .. 99 87 54 74 77 86 31 63 88 81 83 46 18 24 29 42 .. .. .. .. 17 19 .. .. .. .. 14 3 .. .. 3.0 Yes 3 –0.5 0.4 0.3 –0.8 –0.8 –0.4 .. 22 17.5 139 18 0 3 .. 200 .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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81

Senegal
Country 12.1 Population (millions) 2.6 Population growth (%) 760 GNI per capita ($) 48,141 Economic density (current $/sq km) 9,269 GDP ($ millions) 2.3 GDP growth (%) 499 GDP per capita (2000 $) –0.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 154 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.1 CPI (% change) 13.6 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 19.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 53.1 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –6.4 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.1 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 20.2 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 21.4 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 10.5 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 28.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.1 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 79.8 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 23.8 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 5.5 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 83 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 58 Starting a business, time (days) 107.0 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 145 Registering property, time (days) 780 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 696 Paying taxes, time (hours) 46 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 7 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 9 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 61 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 9 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 12 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 46 Access to electricity (% of total population) 29 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 71 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 23 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 24 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 55 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 12 41 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 49 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 58 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 5 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 10 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 4.8 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 254 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 3 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 879 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 25 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 44 95 .. 26 64 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

58 65 1 1 63 .. 63 50 .. .. 41 .. 60 94 116 157 52 .. 980 902 20 .. 80 72 7 .. 1.00 5.00 1,800 1,500,000 0 0 49 60 39 47 49 .. 92 87 71 74 83 86 58 63 93 81 65 46 9 24 54 42 82 .. 19 .. 27 19 36 .. 7 .. 5 3 .. .. 3.7 No 4 –0.5 0.0 –0.2 –0.3 –0.4 –0.4 8.0 825 8.9 68 509 12 304 0.0 850 3 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

83

Seychelles
Country 0.1 Population (millions) 2.1 Population growth (%) 8,870 GNI per capita ($) 1,684,323 Economic density (current $/sq km) 775 GDP ($ millions) 5.3 GDP growth (%) 7,005 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 131 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) –0.3 CPI (% change) 3.0 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 25.5 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 71.5 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –21.2 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.6 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 52.5 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 116.8 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 10.2 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 32.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.6 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 115.6 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 105.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 93 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 9 Starting a business, procedures (number) 38 Starting a business, time (days) 8.7 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 33 Registering property, time (days) 720 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 4 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 76 Paying taxes, time (hours) 48 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 34 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 96 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 996 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 8 Real interest rate (%) 37 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 170 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 400 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 111 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 133 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 100 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 4 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 138 7,671 14 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 47 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) .. 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) .. .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 72 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 12 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 13 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) .. 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) .. .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 99 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) .. 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS .. 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 2 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 115 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 14 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 99 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 100 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) .. 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) .. 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) .. 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 100 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 75 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 100 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) .. 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 108 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 34 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 5 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.0 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.1 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 1.0 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.0 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Combined polity score .. Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 14 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 1.8 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 165 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 7 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) –1 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 7 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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85

Sierra Leone
Country 5.7 Population (millions) 2.8 Population growth (%) 230 GNI per capita ($) 19,830 Economic density (current $/sq km) 1,420 GDP ($ millions) 7.4 GDP growth (%) 225 GDP per capita (2000 $) 4.4 GDP per capita growth (%) 110 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 9.5 CPI (% change) 45.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 24.3 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 25.8 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –7.1 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.5 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 13.2 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 100.5 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 1.7 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 15.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 10.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 79.4 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 26.1 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.1 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 99 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 9 Starting a business, procedures (number) 26 Starting a business, time (days) 1,075.2 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 235 Registering property, time (days) 515 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 3 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 399 Paying taxes, time (hours) 234 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 51 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 8 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 158 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 11 Real interest rate (%) 4 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 4.7 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 6 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 2 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,485 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 23 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 37 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) .. .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 73 112 Export diversification index (%) 5 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 59 7,671 30 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth 63 65 Rural population (% of total population) 1 1 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 62 .. Population 0–24 (% of total population) 42 50 Life expectancy at birth (years) 66 .. Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 37 .. Gini index 159 94 Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 270 157 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 43 .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 2,100 902 Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 38 .. Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 67 72 Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 5 .. Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 1.70 5.00 HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 3,300 1,500,000 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 0 0 Physicians per 1,000 people .. 60 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 37 47 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 48 .. Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 71 87 Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 76 74 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 95 86 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 59 63 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 83 81 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 32 46 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 5 24 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 20 42 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) .. .. Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 2 19 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 0 3 Internet users (per 100 people) .. .. Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states 3.1 CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Yes Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles 2 Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) –1.0 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.3 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.3 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.0 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 5.0 Combined polity score Partnership 364 37,975 Net aid ($ millions) 25.6 5.1 Net aid (% of GDP) 63 49 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 199 27,476 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 0 312 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 164 10,187 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 0.0 0.0 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 950 52,315 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 3 .. Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 2 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F)

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87

Somalia
Country 8.4 Population (millions) 3.0 Population growth (%) .. GNI per capita ($) .. Economic density (current $/sq km) .. GDP ($ millions) .. GDP growth (%) .. GDP per capita (2000 $) .. GDP per capita growth (%) .. GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) .. CPI (% change) .. Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) .. Value added, industry (% of GDP) .. Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) .. Central government revenue (% of GDP) .. Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth .. Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) .. Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) .. Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) .. Starting a business, procedures (number) .. Starting a business, time (days) .. Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) .. Registering property, time (days) .. Enforcing contracts, time (days) .. Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) .. Paying taxes, time (hours) .. Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 12 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 35 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 15.7 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 4 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 10 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 589 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) .. Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. .. .. 9 .. 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

64 65 1 1 63 .. 48 50 .. .. .. .. 90 94 145 157 33 .. 1,400 902 42 .. 35 72 .. .. 0.50 5.00 1,600 1,500,000 0 0 .. 60 .. 47 .. .. 55 87 78 74 95 86 61 63 63 81 10 46 7 24 51 42 .. .. .. .. 8 19 .. .. .. .. 1 3 .. .. .. No 1 –1.9 –1.9 –3.0 –2.4 –2.7 –2.6 .. 392 .. 46 263 3 125 .. .. .. .. 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

The Little Data Book on Africa 2008/09

89

South Africa
Country 47.4 Population (millions) 1.1 Population growth (%) 5,390 GNI per capita ($) 209,963 Economic density (current $/sq km) 254,993 GDP ($ millions) 5.0 GDP growth (%) 3,562 GDP per capita (2000 $) 3.9 GDP per capita growth (%) 151 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 4.6 CPI (% change) 2.4 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 27.3 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 58.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –6.5 Current account balance (% of GDP) 1.2 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 26.9 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 13.9 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 17.1 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 20.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 105.5 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 94.7 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 15.4 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 97 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 8 Starting a business, procedures (number) 31 Starting a business, time (days) 7.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 24 Registering property, time (days) 600 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 8 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 350 Paying taxes, time (hours) 37 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 6 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 42 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 7 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 17 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 300 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 4 Real interest rate (%) 161 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 16 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 29 19 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 13 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 9 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 33 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 35 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 9.5 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 451 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 43 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 3,143 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 30 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

90

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 33 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 113 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 104 112 Export diversification index (%) 38 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) –6,719 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 40 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 52 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 51 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index 58 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 56 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 69 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 92 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 400 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) .. .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 85 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 18.10 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 350,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 1 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 100 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 36 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) .. .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 100 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 66 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 82 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 49 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 100 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 82 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 49 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 66 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 94 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 8 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 5 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.3 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.7 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.7 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.5 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Combined polity score 9.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 718 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 0.3 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 15 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 561 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 1 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 157 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 1 ..

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91

Sudan
Country 37.7 Population (millions) 2.2 Population growth (%) 780 GNI per capita ($) 15,321 Economic density (current $/sq km) 36,402 GDP ($ millions) 11.3 GDP growth (%) 489 GDP per capita (2000 $) 8.9 GDP per capita growth (%) 197 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 7.2 CPI (% change) 31.3 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 27.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 38.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –13.0 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 0.2 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 52.6 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 14.4 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 25.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 66.0 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 33.8 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 6.2 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 39 Starting a business, time (days) 57.9 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 9 Registering property, time (days) 810 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 0 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 180 Paying taxes, time (hours) 32 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 36 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 36 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 5 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 0 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 10.2 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 26 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 9 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 718 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 17 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

92

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 27 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 100 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 1 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 3,534 7,671 1,155 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 58 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 60 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 58 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 61 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 89 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 49 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 450 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 48 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 73 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 0 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 1.40 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 25,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 47 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 34 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 77 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 89 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 48 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 72 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 24 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 78 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 64 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 24 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 50 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 13 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 8 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 2.5 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.7 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –2.3 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Combined polity score –4.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 2,058 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 5.7 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 55 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 1,518 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 87 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 453 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 4 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

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93

Swaziland
Country 1.1 Population (millions) 0.6 Population growth (%) 2,450 GNI per capita ($) 161,879 Economic density (current $/sq km) 2,784 GDP ($ millions) 2.8 GDP growth (%) 1,297 GDP per capita (2000 $) 2.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 189 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 5.3 CPI (% change) 6.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 34.9 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 34.2 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 3.5 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.7 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 28.3 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 19.6 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 8.1 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 15.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 7.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 105.9 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 46.7 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 4.2 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 100 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 13 Starting a business, procedures (number) 61 Starting a business, time (days) 38.7 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 46 Registering property, time (days) 972 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 0 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 104 Paying taxes, time (hours) 37 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 4 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 2 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 17 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 17 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 3 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 30 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 209 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 1 Real interest rate (%) 23 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 25 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 40 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 34 29 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 33 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 10 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 13 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 26.0 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 393 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 222 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 547 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 64 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

94

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 71 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 96 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 20 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 34 7,671 1 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 76 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 64 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 41 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 69 .. Gini index 50 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 112 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 164 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 74 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 390 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 37 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 57 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 0 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 26.10 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 10,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 67 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 33 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 88 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 95 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 54 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 77 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 34 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 87 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 51 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 46 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 64 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 26 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 4 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.1 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.1 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.7 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.8 Combined polity score –9.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 35 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 1.2 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 30 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 12 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) –1 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 23 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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95

Tanzania
Country 39.5 Population (millions) 2.5 Population growth (%) 370 GNI per capita ($) 16,006 Economic density (current $/sq km) 14,178 GDP ($ millions) 6.7 GDP growth (%) 339 GDP per capita (2000 $) 4.1 GDP per capita growth (%) 106 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 6.4 CPI (% change) 37.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 14.5 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 31.2 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –10.2 Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 11.6 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 29.9 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 10.8 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 16.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 9.9 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 110.3 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1.4 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 12 Starting a business, procedures (number) 29 Starting a business, time (days) 47.1 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 73 Registering property, time (days) 462 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 3 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 172 Paying taxes, time (hours) 44 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 6 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 15 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 60 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 44 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 12 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 11 Access to electricity (% of total population) 9 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 89 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 11 Real interest rate (%) 11 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 20 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 47 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) 16 Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 37 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 41 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 88 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 5 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 20 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 1.8 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 104 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 23 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,514 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 22 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

96

2008/09

The Little Data Book on Africa

Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 28 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 78 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 26 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 474 7,671 8 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 75 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 65 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 52 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 36 .. Gini index 35 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 74 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 118 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 43 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 950 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 44 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 93 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 16 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 6.20 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 96,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 74 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 52 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 78 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school .. 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 90 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 91 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 88 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 81 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 46 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 34 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 31 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 39 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 2 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 15 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 31 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 3 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 1 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) 38.0 .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.9 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.1 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Combined polity score 1.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 1,825 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 12.9 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 46 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 992 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 1 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 832 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 3,000 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 2 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 1 ..

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97

Togo
Country 6.4 Population (millions) 2.8 Population growth (%) 350 GNI per capita ($) 40,788 Economic density (current $/sq km) 2,218 GDP ($ millions) 4.1 GDP growth (%) 240 GDP per capita (2000 $) 1.3 GDP per capita growth (%) 144 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 2.2 CPI (% change) 42.7 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 23.5 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 31.7 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –21.4 Current account balance (% of GDP) –0.1 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 16.3 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 81.4 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 6.9 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.7 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 102.4 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 40.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3.6 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 95 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 13 Starting a business, procedures (number) 53 Starting a business, time (days) 245.7 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 295 Registering property, time (days) 588 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 6 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 270 Paying taxes, time (hours) 48 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 54 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 32 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 138 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 17 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.3 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 82 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 0 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,135 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 34 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

98

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The Little Data Book on Africa

Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000=100) Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) Export diversification index (%) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) Population 0–24 (% of total population) Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) Gini index Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS Physicians per 1,000 people Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student-teacher ratio, primary school Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 100 people) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) Combined polity score Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 48 100 112 8 92 0

Sub-Saharan Africa 35 .. 112 .. 7,671 3,982

59 65 1 1 63 .. 58 50 .. .. .. .. 69 94 108 157 62 .. 510 902 .. .. 83 72 2 .. 3.30 5.00 9,100 1,500,000 0 0 67 60 38 47 74 .. 73 87 71 74 91 86 52 63 86 81 40 46 3 24 24 42 .. .. .. .. 12 19 .. .. .. .. 5 3 .. .. 2.5 No 2 –1.0 –1.2 –0.5 –1.5 –1.0 –0.9 –4.0 79 3.5 12 55 0 24 0.0 .. 6 2 37,975 5.1 49 27,476 312 10,187 0.0 52,315 .. ..

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Tunisia
Country 10.1 Population (millions) 1.0 Population growth (%) 3,040 GNI per capita ($) 199,293 Economic density (current $/sq km) 30,962 GDP ($ millions) 5.7 GDP growth (%) 2,518 GDP per capita (2000 $) 4.6 GDP per capita growth (%) 121 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 4.5 CPI (% change) 11.1 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 27.8 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 61.1 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –2.0 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.7 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 23.1 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 59.7 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 23.6 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 23.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.7 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 108.3 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 84.9 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 31.0 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 87 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 11 Starting a business, time (days) 8.3 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 39 Registering property, time (days) 565 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 0 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 268 Paying taxes, time (hours) 61 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 49 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 66 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 124 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 64 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 7.4 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 644 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 143 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,245 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 53 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) North Africa 154.2 1.6 2,333 64,481 370,017 5.5 2,060 3.9 117 10.3 41.9 40.9 10.3 0.0 36.2 19.4 37.0 23.5 14.8 106.1 77.2 26.6 .. 9 14 15.4 83 705 5 447 57 3 10 47 34 4 .. 68 .. 38

.. 1,265 139 2,906 39

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Country Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 53 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 101 Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 85 Export diversification index (%) 43 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 3,240 1,510 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 34 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 0 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 46 Life expectancy at birth (years) 74 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. Gini index 40 Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 19 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 23 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 90 Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 100 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 98 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 0.10 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 200 Physicians per 1,000 people 1 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 120 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 19 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 94 Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 104 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 55 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 78 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 32 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 99 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 84 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 64 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 96 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 85 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. Internet users (per 100 people) 13 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) .. Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles .. Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) .. Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.1 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.1 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.5 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.3 Combined polity score –4.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 432 Net aid (% of GDP) 1.4 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 43 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 287 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) –9 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 154 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) ..

North Africa 31 .. 85 .. 17,080 12,300 47 1 .. 71 .. .. 30 35 71 159 24 96 .. .. .. 0 .. 25 .. .. 54 80 28 96 87 60 90 .. .. 53 .. .. 10 ..

2,596 0.7 17 1,628 165 803 0.0 .. .. ..

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Uganda
Country 29.9 Population (millions) 3.3 Population growth (%) 300 GNI per capita ($) 48,175 Economic density (current $/sq km) 9,495 GDP ($ millions) 5.1 GDP growth (%) 274 GDP per capita (2000 $) 1.7 GDP per capita growth (%) 116 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 6.8 CPI (% change) 28.7 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 16.7 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 46.7 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) –3.4 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.0 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 13.1 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 13.3 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 8.1 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 23.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 116.7 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 18.3 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3.5 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 75 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 18 Starting a business, procedures (number) 28 Starting a business, time (days) 92.0 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 227 Registering property, time (days) 535 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 2 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 237 Paying taxes, time (hours) 37 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 5 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 7 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 3 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 33 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 11 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 8 Access to electricity (% of total population) 23 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 359 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 9 Real interest rate (%) 8 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 24 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 44 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 13 63 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 48 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 84 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 1 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 10 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 0.1 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 11 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 9 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,523 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 15 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 127 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 88 112 Export diversification index (%) 6 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 393 7,671 665 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 87 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 70 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 51 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 31 .. Gini index 41 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 78 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 134 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 42 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 550 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 45 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 89 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 0 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 5.40 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 77,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 54 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 49 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 77 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 98 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 84 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 87 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 82 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 90 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 60 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 34 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 29 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 47 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 3 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 7 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 18 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 1 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 5 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.9 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.8 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.2 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.4 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Combined polity score –1.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 1,551 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 16.3 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 52 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 938 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 3 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 609 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 1,950 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 2 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

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Zambia
Country 11.7 Population (millions) 1.9 Population growth (%) 640 GNI per capita ($) 14,644 Economic density (current $/sq km) 10,886 GDP ($ millions) 6.2 GDP growth (%) 371 GDP per capita (2000 $) 4.2 GDP per capita growth (%) 251 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 9.0 CPI (% change) 19.9 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 31.3 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 43.9 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) 1.2 Current account balance (% of GDP) –2.8 Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 16.7 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 21.4 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 30.9 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 22.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 116.9 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 30.4 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2.3 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 99 Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 6 Starting a business, procedures (number) 33 Starting a business, time (days) 30.5 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 70 Registering property, time (days) 471 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 3 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 132 Paying taxes, time (hours) 16 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) 2 Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 7 Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 38 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 93 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 4 Electric power outages in a typical month (number) 20 Access to electricity (% of total population) 22 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 123 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) 9 Real interest rate (%) 10 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 13 Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 55 Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 10 26 Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) 21 Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 12 Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 6 Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 8 Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 2.9 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 69 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 11 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 1,837 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 38 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 141 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) 177 112 Export diversification index (%) 2 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 616 7,671 58 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 65 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 67 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 42 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) 64 .. Gini index 51 .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 102 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 182 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 43 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 830 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 53 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 84 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 7 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 15.20 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 56,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 84 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 51 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) .. .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 93 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 80 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 92 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 68 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 90 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 41 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 51 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 55 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) 50 .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) 3 .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 15 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 11 .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) 1 .. Internet users (per 100 people) 4 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 3.5 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 3 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.3 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) 0.2 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.5 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –0.6 Combined polity score 5.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 1,425 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 13.1 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 122 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 1,115 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 2 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 308 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) 3,900 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) 2 .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) 2 ..

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Zimbabwe
Country 13.2 Population (millions) 0.8 Population growth (%) 340 GNI per capita ($) 8,836 Economic density (current $/sq km) 3,418 GDP ($ millions) –5.3 GDP growth (%) 428 GDP per capita (2000 $) –6.0 GDP per capita growth (%) 61 GDP deflator, index (2000=100; US$ series) 1,096.7 CPI (% change) 13.4 Value added, agriculture (% of GDP) 16.8 Value added, industry (% of GDP) 40.0 Value added, services and etc (% of GDP) .. Current account balance (% of GDP) .. Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 45.0 Central government revenue (% of GDP) 125.7 Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth 0.6 Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 16.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 101.2 Gross primary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 40.0 Gross secondary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3.6 Gross tertiary school enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Public current education expenditure, primary (% of total current education expenditure) 10 Starting a business, procedures (number) 96 Starting a business, time (days) 676.2 Starting a business, cost (% of income per capita) 30 Registering property, time (days) 410 Enforcing contracts, time (days) 8 Protecting investors, disclosure Index (0=less disclosure to 10=more disclosure) 256 Paying taxes, time (hours) 53 Paying taxes, total tax rate (% profit) .. Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) .. Average time to clear imports from customs (days) 33 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. Electric power outages in a typical month (number) .. Access to electricity (% of total population) 19 Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 251 Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) –1 Real interest rate (%) 27 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) .. Corruption (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted (% of firms this as a major contraint) .. Crime, theft and disorder (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Tax rates (% of firms identifying this as major constraint) .. Access to finance (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Electricity (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor regulations (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) .. Labor skill level (% of firms identifying this as a major constraint) 5.2 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 339 Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 75 Agricultural machinery tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 714 Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 57 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Sub-Saharan Africa 782.5 2.5 861 31,518 744,731 5.8 580 3.2 164 14.5 34.0 42.6 2.0 .. 23.9 23.4 29.0 18.9 12.5 93.2 28.6 6.1 .. 11 56 160.3 103 673 5 320 67 8 8 42 44 7 .. 12 .. 65

3.5 106 13 1,262 37

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Country

Sub-Saharan Africa

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 73 35 Terms of trade index (2000=100) 92 .. Real effective exchange rate (2000=100) .. 112 Export diversification index (%) 15 .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. 7,671 0 3,982 Workers remittances received ($ millions) Participating in growth Rural population (% of total population) 64 65 Age dependency ratio (dependents to working-age population) 1 1 Population 0–24 (% of total population) 64 .. Life expectancy at birth (years) 43 50 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. Gini index .. .. Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 68 94 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 105 157 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 80 .. Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate (per 100,000 live births) 880 902 Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) 36 .. Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 months) 90 72 Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% under age 5) 3 .. HIV prevalence rate (% of ages 15–49) 15.30 5.00 Deaths of adults and children due to AIDS 140,000 1,500,000 Physicians per 1,000 people 0 0 Primary school completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) 81 60 Student-teacher ratio, primary school 38 47 Youth literacy, total (% of ages 15–24) 98 .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school 97 87 Labor force participation rate, total (% of ages 15 and over) 75 74 Labor force participation rate, male (% of ages 15 and over) 86 86 Labor force participation rate, female (% of ages 15 and over) 65 63 Improved water source (% of urban population with sustainable access) 98 81 Improved water source (% of rural population with sustainable access) 72 46 Improved sanitation (% of urban population with sustainable access) 37 24 Improved sanitation (% of rural population with sustainable access) 63 42 Access to electricity (% of urban population) .. .. Access to electricity (% of rural population) .. .. Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 people) 9 19 Households with own telephone (% of urban households) .. .. Households with own telephone (% of rural households) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) 9 3 Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road (%) .. .. Capable states CPIA overall rating (IDA resource allocation index, 1 low to 6 high) 1.7 Country has publicly endorsed the EITI principles No Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) 2 Control of corruption (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Voice and accountability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Political stability (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.3 Government effectiveness (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.5 Regulatory law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –2.2 Rule of law (–2.5 worse to 2.5 better) –1.7 Combined polity score –4.0 Partnership Net aid ($ millions) 280 37,975 Net aid (% of GDP) 11.0 5.1 Net aid per capita from all donors ($) 21 49 Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) 200 27,476 Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) 0 312 Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) 80 10,187 Net aid (% of central government expenditure) 0.0 0.0 Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) .. 52,315 Country with an operational national development strategy (A-F) .. .. Existence of a mutual accountability review (A-F) .. ..

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Glossary
Access to electricity is the percentage of the population living in households with access to electricity. (Household survey data, supplemented by World Bank Project Appraisal Documents) Age dependency ratio is the ratio of (dependents to working-age population) is those ages 15–64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people. World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division’s World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International. (World Development Indicators) Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. (Food Agricultural Organization) Agriculture value added corresponds to ISIC divisions 1–5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator. (World Bank national accounts data and OECD National Accounts data files). Average time to clear direct exports through customs is the number of days to clear direct exports through customs. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys (http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/). Average time to clear imports through customs (days) is the average number of days to clear imports through customs. For survey data collected in 2006 and 2007, this indicator is computed for the manufacturing module only. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys (http://rru.worldbank.org/ EnterpriseSurveys/). Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Central government revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenue such as fines, fees, rent, and other income from property sales as a proportion of total gross domestic product (GDP). Grants, although also considered as revenue, are excluded here. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Cereals (exports and imports) quantities and include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. (FAO database) Child immunization, measles, is the percentage of children ages 12–23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey for four diseases—measles and diphtheria, pertussis (whooping

108

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cough), and tetanus (DPT). A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine and against DPT after receiving three doses. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Children sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (% of children under age 5) is the percentage of the children under 5 with access to an insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Consumer price index is a change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. (World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files). Control of corruption measures the extent of corruption, conventionally defined as the exercise of public power for private gain. It is based on scores of variables from surveys and polls of experts. These scores are divided into five groups based on percentile rank and lie between point estimates of –2.5 and 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better outcomes. (Kaufmann, D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Corruption is the percentage of firms identifying corruption as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/ EnterpriseSurveys/) Corruption Perceptions Index score is a country’s score on Transparency International’s annual Corruption Perceptions Index, which ranks more than 150 countries on perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys of businesspeople and country analysts. (www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi) Cost to start a business is normalized by presenting it as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita. (http://rru.worldbank/ DoingBusiness/) Country endorsed the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) principles indicates whether a country has implemented or endorsed the EITI, a multistakeholder approach to increasing governance and transparency in extractive industries. It includes civil society, the private sector, and government and requires a work plan with timeline and budget to ensure sustainability, independent audit of payments and disclosure of revenues, publication of results in a publicly accessible manner, and an approach that covers all companies and government agencies. EITI supports improved governance in resource-rich countries through the verification and full publication of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas, and mining. EITI is a global initiative and the EITI Secretariat has developed an EITI Source Book that provides guidance for countries and companies wishing to implement the initiative (www.eitransparency.org/) Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) overall rating (IDA resource allocation index) assesses the quality of a country’s current policy and institutional framework. “Quality” means how conducive that framework is to fostering sustainable, poverty-reducing growth and the effective use of development assistance. The CPIA is conducted annually for all International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and International Development Association borrowers. Ratings are based on 16 criteria, grouped in

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four clusters: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions. The criteria reflect a balance between ensuring that all key factors that foster pro-poor growth and poverty alleviation are captured without overly burdening the evaluation process. Country scores reflect a variety of indicators and judgments that are based on country knowledge, analytic work, policy dialogue, or work done by partners as well as relevant publicly available indicators. The rating scale for each criterion varies from 1 (low) to 6 (high). Countries may also receive intermediate scores of 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5, and 5.5. The ratings are the main determinant of prospects for current aid effectiveness. Improvements in policies and institutions during the course of the year are reflected in the subsequent year’s performance ratings. (World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments) Court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted, is the percentage of firms believing the court system is fair, impartial and uncorrupted as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (World Bank’s Doing Business project (http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness). Crime, theft and disorder is the percentage of firms who ranked crime, theft, and disorder as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers. (International Monetary Fund’s Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files; World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates of gross domestic product) Deaths due to HIV/AIDS is the estimated number of adults and children that have died in a specific year based on the modeling of HIV surveillance data using standard and appropriate tools. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS’ 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic) Debt service relief committed under HIPC is the amount of debt service relief, calculated at the decision point, that will allow the country to achieve debt sustainability at the completion point. (World Bank) Delay for firm in obtaining electrical connection is the average actual delay in days that firms experience when obtaining an electrical connection, measured from the day the establishment applied to the day it received the service or approval. (World Bank Investment Climate Assessments) Domestic credit to private sector is financial resources provided to the private sector, such as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivable, that establish a claim for repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises. (International Monetary Fund’s International Financial Statistics and data files; World Bank and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development gross domestic product estimates; World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Economic density is gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices in current U.S. dollars divided by the total land area in square kilometers. “Land area” refers to the land surface area of a country, excluding inland waters. GDP at market prices in current U.S. dollars is based on the GDP at market

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prices in local currency units, which is converted to dollars at the official exchange rate. If the official exchange rate is significantly different from the prevailing market rate or shows extreme volatility, the local currency is converted into U.S. dollars using an alternative conversion factor. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Electricity is the percentage of firms who ranked electricity as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/ EnterpriseSurveys/) Electric power outages in a typical month is the average number of days per year that establishments experienced power outages or surges from the public grid. (World Bank Investment Climate Assessments) Export diversification index measures the extent to which exports are diversified. It is constructed as the inverse of a Herfindahl index, using disaggregated exports at four digits (following the Standard International Trade Classification Revision 3). A higher index indicates more export diversification. (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) Exports of goods and services are merchandise exports divided by gross domestic product (GDP) in current U.S. dollars. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Fertilizer consumption is the aggregate of nitrogenous, phosphate, and potash fertilizers. (Food and Agriculture Organization’s Fertilizer Yearbook) Finance is the percentage of firms who ranked access to finance or cost of finance as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (http://rru.worldbank.org/ EnterpriseSurveys Fiscal balance is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the International Monetary Fund’s Government Finance Statistics Manual 1986 nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which is now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Foreign direct investment, net inflows, is the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other longterm capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gini index is the most commonly used measure of inequality. The coefficient ranges from 0, which reflects complete equality, to 1, which indicates complete inequality (one person has all the income or consumption, all others have none). Graphically, the Gini coefficient can be easily represented by the area between the Lorenz curve and the line of equality. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Government effectiveness measures the quality of public services, the quality and degree of independence from political pressures of the civil

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service, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to such policies. (Kaufmann, D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total output of goods and services for final use produced by residents and nonresidents, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. It is calculated without deducting for depreciation of “manmade” assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. GDP data are at market prices (also known as purchaser values) and have been converted to U.S. dollars using constant (2000) exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not effectively reflect the rate applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative currency conversion factor has been used. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) growth is the average annual growth rate calculated from GDP at constant 2000 prices. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) implicit price deflator is the one-year rate of price change in the economy as a whole (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is calculated by dividing GDP by the corresponding midyear population. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita growth is the average annual growth rate of real GDP per capita. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic savings is calculated by deducting total consumption from nominal gross domestic product (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross fixed capital formation includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross national income (GNI) per capita is calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. It is similar in concept to GNI per capita in current prices, except that the use of three-year averages of exchange rates smoothes out sharp fluctuations from year to year. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross primary school enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the primary level of education. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross secondary school enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the secondary level of education. Secondary education com-

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pletes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross tertiary school enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the tertiary level of education. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Households with own telephone are the percentage of urban or rural households possessing a telephone as a proportion of the total number of urban or rural households, respectively. (Demographic and Health Surveys) Imports of goods and services are merchandise imports divided by gross domestic product (GDP) in current U.S. dollars. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Improved sanitation is the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. The excreta disposal system is considered adequate if it is private or shared (but not public) and if it hygienically separates human excreta from human contact. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Improved water source is the percentage of population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the user’s dwelling. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Industry value added corresponds to ISIC divisions 10–45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15–37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator. (World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.) Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Internet users are the number of people with access to the worldwide network, per 100 people. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Irrigated land is areas equipped to provide water to crops. These include areas equipped for full and partial control irrigation, spate irrigation, and equipped wetland or inland valley bottoms. (Food and Agriculture Organization’s Production Yearbook and data files)

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Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the total, male, or female population ages 15 and over that is economically active as a proportion of the total population or the total male or female population respectively who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Labor regulations are the percentage of firms who ranked labor regulations as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank. org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Labor skills are the percentage of firms who ranked skills of available workers as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank. org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to remain the same throughout its life. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Malnutrition prevalence height for age (% of children under age 5) is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 6–59 months. The reference population, adopted by the World Health Organization in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished (World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition). Maternal mortality ratio, modeled estimate is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net ODA aid from all donors is net aid from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD), Development Assistance Committee (DAC), non-DAC bilateral (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries [OPEC], the former Council for Mutual Economic Assistance [CMEA] countries, and China [OECD data]), and multilateral donors. OPEC countries are Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. The former CMEA countries are Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the former German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the former Soviet Union). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net ODA aid (% of central government expenditure) is nominal total net aid divided by central government expenditure. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net ODA aid as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) is calculated by dividing the nominal total net aid from all donors by nominal GDP. For a given level of aid flows, devaluation of a recipient’s currency may inflate the ratios shown in the table. Thus, trends for a given country and comparisons across countries that have implemented different exchange rate policies should be interpreted carefully. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid from DAC donors is net aid from OECD’s DAC donors, which include Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,

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Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net ODA aid from multilateral donors is net aid from multilateral sources, such as the African Development Fund, the European Development Fund for the Commission of the European Communities, the International Development Association, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, Arab and Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)–financed multilateral agencies, and UN programs and agencies. Aid flows from the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Trust Fund and Structural Adjustment Facility are also included. UN programs and agencies include the United Nations Technical Assistance Programme, the United Nations Development Programme, the UN Refugee Agency, the United Nations Children’s Fund, and the World Food Programme. Arab and OPEC-financed multilateral agencies include the Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa, the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development, the Islamic Development Bank, the OPEC Fund for International Development, the Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development, the Arab Fund for Technical Assistance to African and Arab Countries, and the Islamic Solidarity Fund. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net ODA aid from non-DAC bilateral donors is net aid from OECD’s nonDAC donors, which include Czech Republic, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Korea Republic, Kuwait, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Slovak Republic, Taiwan China, Thailand, Turkey and United Arab Emirates and other donors (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net ODA aid per capita is calculated by dividing the nominal total net aid (net disbursements of loans and grants from all official sources on concessional financial terms) by midyear population. These ratios offer some indication of the importance of aid flows in sustaining per capita income and consumption levels, although exchange rate fluctuations, the actual rise of aid flows, and other factors vary across countries and over time. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Number of Startup procedures for new business are the number of procedures required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) PDI-1 Operational national development strategies are the degree to the extent to which a country has an operational development strategy to guide the aid coordination effort and the country’s overall development. The score is based on the World Bank’s 2005 Comprehensive Development Framework Progress Report. An operational strategy calls for a coherent long-term strategy derived from it; specific targets serving a holistic, balanced and well sequenced development strategy; and capacity and resources for its implementation. (Overview of the Results 2007 Survey on Monitoring the Paris Declaration and World Bank data.) PDI-12 Existence of a mutual accountability indicates whether there is a mechanism for mutual review of progress on aid effectiveness commitments. This is an important innovation of the Paris Declaration because it develops the idea that aid is more effective when both donors and partner governments are accountable to their constituents for the use of resources to achieve development results and when they are accountable to each other. The specific focus is mutual accountability for the implementation

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of the partnership commitments included in the Paris Declaration and any local agreements on enhancing aid effectiveness. (Overview of the Results 2007 Survey on Monitoring the Paris Declaration and World Bank data). Physicians per 1,000 people are the number of physicians, including generalists and specialists, per 1,000 people. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Polity score is computed by subtracting the Institutionalized autocracy score from the Institutionalized democracy score; the resulting unified polity scale ranges from +10 (strongly democratic) to –10 (strongly autocratic). (Polity IV Project Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800–2006, Center for Systemic Peace www.systemicpeace.org/polity). Population is total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship— except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Population growth is the one-year rate of growth in total population. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Population ages 0–24 (% of total population) is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 0 to 24. World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, (United Nations Population Division’s World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people ages 15–49 infected by HIV. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Primary school completion rate, total, is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated as the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Private sector capital formation is gross fixed capital formation for the private sector. Gross fixed capital formation consists of gross domestic fixed capital formation plus net changes in the level of inventories, divided by gross domestic product (GDP), which is obtained by converting national currency GDP series in current prices to U.S. dollars at official annual exchange rates. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Protecting investors disclosure index measures the degree to which investors are protected through disclosure of ownership and financial information. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/ DoingBusiness/) Public current education expenditure, primary is the share of public current expenditure on education that is devoted to primary education. (Unit-

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ed Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school is the ratio of female to male gross enrollment rates in primary and secondary school. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Ratio of paved to total roads is the length of paved roads, which are surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of the length of all the country’s roads. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Real effective exchange rate is the nominal effective exchange rate (a measure of the value of a currency against a weighted average of several foreign currencies) divided by a price deflator or index of costs. (International Monetary Fund’s International Financial Statistics). Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the gross domestic product (GDP) deflator. (International Monetary Fund’s International Financial Statistics and data files, using World Bank data on the GDP deflator) Regulatory quality measures the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development (Kaufmann, D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Road density is the total length of national road network per 1,000 square kilometers of total land area. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Rule of law measures the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, in particular the quality of contract enforcement, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. (Kaufmann, D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Rural population (% of total population) is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Services plus discrepancy value added correspond to ISIC divisions 50–99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification

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(ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator. (World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.) Student-teacher ratio, primary school, is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Tax rates are the percentage of firms who ranked tax rates as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/ EnterpriseSurveys/) Telephone subscribers are subscribers to a main telephone line service, which connects a customer’s equipment to the public switched telephone network, or to a cellular telephone service, which uses cellular technology. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Terms of trade index measures the relative movement of export and import prices. It is calculated as the ratio of a country’s export unit values or prices to its import unit values or prices relative to a base year (2000). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Time to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment. (World Bank’s Doing Business project (http://rru.worldbank. org/DoingBusiness/). Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes is the number of hours it takes to prepare, file, and pay (or withhold) three major types of taxes: the corporate income tax, the value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social security contributions. (World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Time to register a property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Time to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank. org/DoingBusiness/) Total external debt is the ratio of total debt (sum of long-term debts in the form of official concessional, official nonconcessional, and private debt plus International Monetary Fund credit and estimates of total short-term debt and interest in arrears on public and publicly guaranteed long-term loans) to gross domestic product (GDP). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Total tax rate (%profit) are taxes on income, profits, and capital gains are levied on the actual or presumptive net income of individuals, on the profits of corporations and enterprises, and on capital gains, whether realized or not, on land, securities, and other assets. Intragovernmental payments are eliminated in consolidation. (International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files).

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Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Voice and accountability measures the extent to which a country’s citizens are able to participate in selecting their government and to enjoy freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media. (Kaufmann, D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Workers remittances received comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries by nonresident workers. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Youth literacy rate, total, is the percentage of people ages 15–24 who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement about their everyday life. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators)

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ALGERIA ANGOLA BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMEROON CAPE VERDE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE DJIBOUTI ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ETHIOPIA GABON THE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU KENYA LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALI MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE NAMIBIA NIGER NIGERIA RWANDA SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SENEGAL SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SUDAN SWAZILAND TANZANIA TOGO TUNISIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE ALGERIA ANGOLA BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMEROON CAPE VERDE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE DJIBOUTI ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ETHIOPIA GABON THE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU KENYA LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALI MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE NAMIBIA NIGER NIGERIA RWANDA SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SENEGAL SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SUDAN SWAZILAND TANZANIA TOGO TUNISIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE ALGERIA ANGOLA BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMEROON CAPE VERDE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE DJIBOUTI ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ETHIOPIA GABON THE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU KENYA LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALI MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE NAMIBIA NIGER NIGERIA RWANDA SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SENEGAL SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SUDAN SWAZILAND TANZANIA TOGO TUNISIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE ALGERIA ANGOLA BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMEROON CAPE VERDE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE DJIBOUTI ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT

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