From World Development Indicators

The Little Green Data Book

Agriculture Forests and biodiversity Energy Emissions and pollution Water and sanitation Environment and health National accounting aggregates

2008

THE LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK

Copyright ©2008 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing May 2008 ISBN: 978-0-8213-7399-6 E-ISBN: 978-0-8213-7427-6 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-7399-6 The Little Green Data Book 2008 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the World Bank. Editing, design, and layout by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K.

Contents
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Focus: climate change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x Regional tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

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Acknowledgments
The Little Green Data Book 2008 is based on World Development Indicators 2008 and its accompanying CD-ROM. Defining, gathering, and disseminating international statistics is a collective effort of many people and organizations. The indicators presented in World Development Indicators are the fruit of decades of work at many levels, from the field workers who administer censuses and household surveys to the committees and working parties of the national and international statistical agencies that develop the nomenclature, classifications, and standards fundamental to the international statistical system. Nongovernmental organizations have also made important contributions. We are indebted to the World Development Indicators partners, as detailed in World Development Indicators 2008. The financial assistance of the Government of Sweden is also gratefully acknowledged. The Little Green Data Book 2008 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department. Mehdi Akhlaghi, Richard Fix, Kirk Hamilton, Saeed Ordoubadi, Beatriz Prieto-Oramas, Giovanni Ruta, Alexandra Sears, and Jana Stoever contributed to its preparation. Meta de Coquereaumont, Christopher Trott, and Elaine Wilson of Communications Development provided design, editing, and layout. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and distribution of the book.

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Foreword
Welcome to The Little Green Data Book 2008. As in the 2007 edition, this year’s edition includes a Focus section, four introductory pages that focus on a specific issue related to development and the environment. This year the focus is on the damage from climate change and carbon dioxide emissions. Climate change continues to dominate public discourse about the environment. Following on the strong interest stirred by the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change in 2006, the Fourth Assessment Report of the InterGovernmental Panel on Climate Change has codified the firm scientific consensus on the extent of human-induced climate change. Another important milestone was the December 2007 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change conference in Bali, which culminated in the adoption of the Bali Roadmap, establishing four pillars—mitigation, adaptation, technology, and finance—for negotiating a post-2012 climate pact. As this Focus shows, global warming can have negative effects on agriculture, health, infrastructure, and other economic activities —effects that are likely to hit developing countries the hardest. While high-income countries emit more carbon dioxide than developing countries, emissions from developing countries are growing at a faster pace. And emissions per capita in highincome countries are still five times higher than in developing countries. The Little Green Data Book 2008 is a collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the World Bank. We welcome your suggestions for how to improve future editions and make them more useful.

Shaida Badiee Director Development Data Group

James Warren Evans Director Environment Department

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Focus: climate change
Climate change effects on agricultural productivity
Global warming is predicted to reduce worldwide agricultural productivity more than 15 percent by the 2080s. The effect will be more severe for developing countries than for developed countries, partly for geographic reasons. The predicted effect becomes positive for developed countries when carbon fertilization effects are taken into account. Change in agricultural productivity (%)
Without carbon fertilization 10 With carbon fertilization

0

–10

–20 World Source: Cline 2007. Developing countries Developed countries

Climate change effects on health
The largest health impacts of climate change are on malnutrition and are linked to declining agricultural yields. While the effects are felt in South East Asia through malnutrition and diarrhea, the impact on Africa is expected to be dominated by increased incidence of malaria. Estimated disability-adjusted life years attributable to climate change, 2000 (millions)
3 Other Western Pacific, low child, low adult mortality Africa, high child, high adult mortality Eastern Mediterranean, high child, high adult mortality Africa, high child, very high adult mortality Southeast Asia, high child, high adult mortality

2

1

0 Malnutrition Diarrhea Malaria Floods Note: Regions are World Health Organization Regions. Climate change for 2000 is estimated by interpolating between baseline (1961–90) climate variables and projected climate variables, assuming climate stabilization at 750 parts per million of carbon dioxide in 2000. Source: McMichael and others 2004.

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Climate change effects due to rise in sea level
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts a 1 meter rise in sea level over the next hundred years linked to climate change (barring catastrophic events, such as the melting of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet). The effects are most severe in the Middle East and North Africa and East Asia and Pacific for virtually all dimensions measured. Losses due to 1 meter rise in sea level, by category (%)
4

3
Population GDP Urban extent Agricultural extent Wetlands

2

1
Area

0 World East Asia & Latin Middle East Pacific America & & North Caribbean Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa

Note: The figure assumes no adaptation. Source: Dasgupta and others 2007.

Climate change effects due to extreme weather events
Weather variability is likely to increase. The five countries most vulnerable to extreme weather events in each region are shown. Ethiopia and Bangladesh stand out as the countries most vulnerable to extreme weather events. Weather damage index
East Asia & Pacific 2,000 Latin America Middle East & & Caribbean North Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa

1,500

1,000

500 0
To S ng lom L am a on ao P oa Ph Isla DR ilip nd pin s An es tig ua H an on d du Ba ra rb s u Be da li Ni H ze ca ai ra ti gu a Jo Iran Ye T rda m un n en is , R ia e Sy p. ria Ba ng lad es Sr Ind h i L ia Pa ank M kistaa ald n ive s M Et oz hi am op biq ia Su ue D da Bo jibo n ts ut wa i na

Note: The index takes into account droughts, heat waves, floods, wildfires, and wind storms between 1960 and 2002. People killed are given a weight of 1,000, people rendered homeless a weight of 10, and people affected a weight of 1. The sum is divided by population in 1980 (the midpoint of the period). Source: Buys and others 2007.

So

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Focus: climate change
Projected trends in energy emissions
While high-income economies today produce nearly half of world carbon dioxide emissions from energy, developing economies are projected to increase their share at a faster rate. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, by income group (billions of tons)

30
Developing economies

20

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development economies

10
Transition economies

0 2005 2015 2030

Source: IEA 2007.

World distribution of per capita emissions
Per capita emissions of greenhouse gases (including land use change) differ widely across countries and regions. High-income economies have the highest levels of emissions, but when land use change is taken into account Indonesia, the Russian Federation, and Brazil also have significant emissions per capita. Per capita emissions, by country and region, 2000 (tons)
30

20

10
United States

Indonesia Russian Federation Brazil Other Latin America & Caribbean Other Europe & Central Asia Other East Asia & Pacific

Other high-income

Middle East & North Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa

Other South Asia

China

0 2 billion Population Source: WRI 2008. 4 billion 6 billion

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India

Emissions by source, high-income and transition economies
Nearly all greenhouse gas emissions from high-income and transition economies (those listed in Annex I of the Kyoto Protocol) are linked to energy use (86.6 percent), including power generation, transport, and building heating and cooling. Share of emissions, 2000 (Annex I)
Land use change and forestry –1.6% Agriculture 8.7% Industrial processes 3.7%

Waste 2.8%

Energy 86.6%

Source: WRI 2008.

Emissions by source, low-income economies
In developing economies greenhouse gas emissions stem mostly from land use change, forestry, and agriculture (51.2 percent). Energy-related emissions come next (42.5 percent). Better management of land and forests in developing economies can offer both mitigation and development benefits. Share of emissions, 2000 (non–Annex I)
Waste 3.1%

Land use change and forestry 35.5%

Energy 42.5%

Agriculture 15.7% Industrial processes 3.2% Source: WRI 2008. Note: Annex I countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol are committed to binding emissions targets to reduce greenhouse gases. Non–Annex I countries are developing countries, which have no specific greenhouse gas emissions obligations.

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Data notes
The data in this book are for the most recent year available; for details, see the Glossary. Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. Aggregates for regions and income groups are shown only if data are available for 66 percent of the economies in that group. Symbols used: 0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number rounds to zero at the displayed number of decimal places .. $ indicates that data are not available indicates current U.S. dollars

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The word country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some that are being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please visit our Web site www.developmentgoals.org or see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2008 series.

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Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam. Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen. South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

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World
Population (millions) 6,538 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 129,645 GDP ($ billions) 48,461.9 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,448 49.1 2.2 1.4 38 18.1 1,166 498 30.5 0.2 11.6

5.0 1,796 9.7 2,678 66.4 16.0 0.51 4.31 27.7 53 118 6,778 9.1 70 83 72 94 57 38 79

73 21.8 12.4 4.4 4.1 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.4 8.3

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) 1,899 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15,871 GDP ($ billions) 3,616.7 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.90 3.27 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

3

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) 461 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,248 GDP ($ billions) 2,499.4 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.81 7.06 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) 556 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,156 GDP ($ billions) 2,964.2 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2008

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.31 2.55 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

5

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) 311 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8,953 GDP ($ billions) 734.4 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.67 3.86 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

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South Asia
Population (millions) 1,499 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 4,781 GDP ($ billions) 1,146.7 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2008

768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.54 1.05 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

7

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) 782 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,606 GDP ($ billions) 712.7 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

8

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Income group tables
For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy in The Little Green Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $905 or less in 2006. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $905 but less than $11,116. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,595. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $11,116 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Green Data Book

2008

9

Low income
Population (millions) 2,420 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28,147 GDP ($ billions) 1,618.7 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

10

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Middle income
Population (millions) 3,088 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 68,468 GDP ($ billions) 10,059.2 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2008

3,053 54.5 2.4 1.1 35 18.2 1,331 471 33.8 0.2 11.7

4.0 1,486 10.3 1,928 71.5 21.5 0.70 3.95 29.9 56 50 8,754 6.3 71 84 72 95 62 41 81

33 30.5 10.9 3.5 12.8 1.6 0.0 0.9 0.8 7.0

11

Lower middle income
Population (millions) 2,276 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 27,977 GDP ($ billions) 4,735.7 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.82 3.37 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

12

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Upper middle income
Population (millions) 811 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 40,492 GDP ($ billions) 5,324.6 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2008

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.57 5.60 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

13

Low and middle income
Population (millions) 5,507 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 96,616 GDP ($ billions) 11,678.6 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,997 43.9 2.6 1.5 38 20.4 1,159 511 30.9 0.3 11.2

4.0 1,071 16.2 1,290 71.6 22.0 0.67 2.62 33.2 61 39 6,268 8.8 78 80 70 93 51 34 74

79 30.5 10.7 3.5 12.3 1.5 0.1 0.9 0.8 7.6

14

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Euro area
Population (millions) 317 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,465 GDP ($ billions) 10,636.4 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2008

34,307 73.5 0.6 0.4 47 16.8 1,904 180 37.2 –0.7 11.5

7.5 3,961 4.3 6,926 52.5 8.4 0.28 8.22 3.9 24 536 2,951 22.3 38 100 100 100 100 .. ..

4 21.8 13.8 4.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 12.0

15

High income
Population (millions) 1,031 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33,029 GDP ($ billions) 36,794.5 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.41 13.23 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

16

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Country tables
China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong, China; Macao, China; and Taiwan, China. Serbia Data on population and gross national income per capita for Serbia exclude Kosovo and Metohija.

The Little Green Data Book

2008

17

Afghanistan
Population (millions) .. Land area (1,000 sq. km) 652 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 8.4 Lowincome group 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. .. .. .. 58 33.8 .. .. 1.3 2.7 0.3 578 33 4,000 2 3.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.04 .. –73.5 44 .. .. 42.3 98 .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.0 20.0 257 .. 7.7 .. .. .. 0.9 0.1 0.9 ..

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.54 1.05 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

18

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Albania
Population (millions) 3.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 27 GDP ($ billions) 9.1 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,930 46.1 1.3 –0.2 41 50.5 995 298 29.0 –0.0 2.7 376 45 3,031 0 0.2 7.2 762 9.6 1,167 1.3 98.7 0.2 1.2 –49.5 50 61 8,530 6.4 62 96 94 99 91 84 99 1.4 7.3 17 16.7 10.5 2.8 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 6.5
2008

4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

19

Algeria
Population (millions) 33 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,382 GDP ($ billions) 114.7 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,030 63.9 3.0 1.7 17 6.9 144 162 1.0 –1.6 5.0 472 71 3,164 3 3.0 5.7 1,058 0.2 899 98.4 1.6 1.0 6.0 151.8 71 58 341 54.2 65 85 80 88 92 82 99 9.0 19.8 38 .. 11.8 4.5 58.1 0.1 0.1 1.3 0.3 .. 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

20

2008

The Little Green Data Book

American Samoa
Population (thousands) 60 Land area (sq. km) 200 GDP ($ billions) .. Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 91.6 .. .. 25 .. .. 254 90.0 0.0 2.5 46 26 471 1 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

2008

21

Andorra
Population (thousands) 67 Land area (sq. km) 470 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 90.3 .. .. 55 .. .. 622 34.0 0.0 7.0 .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 28 .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

22

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Angola
Population (millions) 17 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,247 GDP ($ billions) 45.2 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,970 54.0 5.2 2.8 46 2.2 23 228 47.4 0.2 10.1 1,226 62 5,185 26 9.6 6.1 615 63.8 141 34.2 65.8 0.2 0.5 69.9 80 8 9,195 0.2 60 53 40 75 31 16 56 8.0 28.4 260 42.2 12.2 3.0 68.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.6 –37.6
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

23

Antigua and Barbuda
Population (thousands) 84 Land area (sq. km) 440 GDP ($ millions) 998 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 11,050 39.6 2.6 1.9 32 .. .. 632 20.5 0.0 0.0 186 22 1,158 4 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 5.1 37.8 12 .. 1,204 .. .. 91 89 95 95 94 98 .. .. 11 .. 14.0 3.9 0.0 0.0 .. 0.4 .. .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

24

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Argentina
Population (millions) 39 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,737 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,150 90.3 1.4 1.1 47 4.7 490 13 12.1 0.4 6.4 1,413 152 9,372 42 18.5 6.6 1,644 3.5 2,418 59.8 32.4 0.4 3.7 29.1 76 .. 7,123 10.6 74 96 80 98 91 83 92 .. .. 16 27.1 12.0 4.0 12.8 1.0 0.0 0.5 1.6 3.2
2008

214.2 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

25

Armenia
Population (millions) 3.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) 6.4 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,920 64.0 –1.4 –1.0 49 51.5 209 219 10.0 1.3 10.6 380 35 3,553 1 0.3 4.9 848 0.0 1,503 28.9 28.1 0.3 1.2 –13.1 68 .. 3,016 32.4 66 92 80 99 83 61 96 8.0 7.8 24 29.3 10.2 3.0 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.6 1.8 17.6 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

26

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Aruba
Population (thousands) 101 Land area (sq. km) 180 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 46.7 .. .. 11 .. .. 2,678 .. .. 1.7 92 23 460 .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.8 17.1 .. .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

27

Australia
Population (millions) 21 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 7,682 GDP ($ billions) 780.5 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 35,860 88.4 1.4 1.2 58 4.8 448 5 21.3 0.2 9.7 1,227 568 15,638 55 95.8 5.7 5,978 4.3 11,481 92.6 6.3 0.5 16.2 17.3 15 542 24,118 4.9 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 6 21.9 15.1 4.7 3.6 5.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 2.4

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

28

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Austria
Population (millions) 8.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 82 GDP ($ billions) 322.0 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 39,750 66.1 0.5 0.4 40 2.8 2,332 202 46.8 –0.2 28.5 513 62 3,100 4 0.3 8.2 4,174 11.6 7,889 36.8 57.0 0.3 8.5 21.2 34 503 6,680 3.8 1 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 25.8 14.2 5.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 16.1
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

29

Azerbaijan
Population (millions) 8.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 83 GDP ($ billions) 19.9 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,840 51.6 0.8 1.1 58 69.3 174 221 11.3 0.0 4.8 446 38 4,300 0 0.9 2.8 1,649 0.0 2,407 85.8 14.2 1.0 3.8 –41.7 59 57 965 213.0 68 77 59 95 54 36 73 3.1 21.7 88 57.0 12.1 2.8 83.8 0.0 0.0 2.4 1.1 –39.7 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

30

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Bahamas, The
Population (thousands) 327 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 90.6 2.1 1.6 1 8.3 .. 388 51.4 0.0 2.1 347 37 1,111 5 4.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.3 3.0 37 290 .. .. .. 97 86 98 100 100 100 .. .. 14 .. .. 3.8 .. .. .. .. 0.5 ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

31

Bahrain
Population (thousands) 739 Land area (sq. km) 710 GDP ($ billions) 16.0 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 19,350 96.7 3.1 2.5 14 66.7 9,200 1,268 .. .. 1.1 210 16 195 .. 0.0 3.0 11,214 0.0 11,401 100.0 0.0 0.8 23.8 44.6 88 325 .. .. 57 .. .. 100 .. .. 100 .. .. 10 .. .. 4.4 .. .. 0.0 .. 0.6 ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

32

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Bangladesh
Population (millions) 156 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 130 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 61.9 Lowincome group 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 450 25.5 3.6 2.0 69 56.1 2,210 1,444 6.7 0.1 0.5 735 89 5,000 12 1.6 6.8 158 34.3 136 94.3 5.7 0.2 0.2 141.8 140 .. 685 75.6 96 74 72 82 39 35 51 20.8 6.1 69 31.6 8.1 1.9 5.6 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.5 18.3
2008

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.5 1.1 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

33

Barbados
Population (thousands) 293 Land area (sq. km) 430 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 53.3 1.6 0.5 44 29.4 885 863 4.7 0.0 0.0 236 20 572 2 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.4 17.7 34 343 343 90.0 22 100 100 100 100 100 99 .. .. 12 .. .. 7.0 .. .. .. .. 0.0 ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

34

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Belarus
Population (millions) 9.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 207 GDP ($ billions) 36.9 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,470 72.7 0.3 –0.3 43 2.0 2,253 50 38.0 –0.5 6.3 297 17 2,100 .. 0.0 3.1 2,720 4.8 3,209 99.8 0.1 0.8 6.6 –39.9 7 181 3,805 7.5 30 100 100 100 84 61 93 .. .. 13 26.4 11.2 5.7 2.1 0.0 0.0 1.6 .. 17.2
2008

4,815 63.8 0.2 0.2 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

35

Belgium
Population (millions) 11 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 30 GDP ($ billions) 394.0 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 38,460 97.2 0.4 0.3 46 4.7 .. 35 22.1 0.1 3.5 519 29 1,550 1 0.0 5.9 5,407 2.8 8,510 40.9 0.3 0.3 9.7 0.0 23 468 1,145 .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 4 23.9 15.4 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 14.1

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

36

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Belize
Population (thousands) 298 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,740 48.5 3.0 2.8 7 2.9 810 216 72.5 0.0 46.3 691 44 2,894 30 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 2.8 154.1 17 121 54,832 0.9 20 91 82 100 47 25 71 6.7 11.0 16 19.1 12.5 5.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 11.2
2008

1.2 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

37

Benin
Population (millions) 8.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 111 GDP ($ billions) 4.8 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 530 40.5 4.3 3.3 32 0.4 0 185 21.3 2.3 23.9 644 34 2,500 14 0.2 4.0 304 64.7 69 99.1 0.9 0.2 0.3 233.8 41 13 1,213 1.3 45 67 57 78 33 11 59 12.0 13.4 148 .. 8.5 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.4 .. 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

38

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Bermuda
Population (thousands) 64 Land area (sq. km) 50 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 100.0 0.3 0.3 20 .. .. 0 20.0 0.0 8.0 243 43 167 4 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.7 –6.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

39

Bhutan
Population (thousands) 649 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 47 GDP ($ millions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 942 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,430 11.4 4.0 1.1 13 23.5 .. 356 68.0 –0.3 25.6 717 41 5,468 7 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.7 222.9 27 12 149,134 0.4 94 62 60 86 70 70 65 .. .. 70 39.4 9.8 3.8 0.0 0.0 2.8 0.4 0.2 30.0 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.5 1.1 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

40

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Bolivia
Population (millions) 9.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,084 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,100 64.7 3.1 2.1 35 4.1 81 108 54.2 0.4 19.5 1,775 80 17,367 71 13.8 6.4 578 14.0 479 49.0 47.8 0.2 0.8 26.7 97 15 33,054 0.5 81 85 68 95 46 22 60 22.0 24.8 61 26.9 9.8 6.3 40.6 4.9 0.0 0.7 1.4 –24.2
2008

11.2 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Population (millions) 3.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 51 GDP ($ billions) 12.3 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,230 46.3 0.5 –0.6 42 0.3 597 213 42.7 0.1 0.5 390 55 .. 1 0.4 4.7 1,268 3.7 2,316 57.1 42.9 0.7 4.0 125.6 19 .. 9,067 .. .. 97 96 99 95 92 99 1.5 8.9 15 6.0 10.4 .. 0.3 0.0 .. 1.3 0.1 .. 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

42

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Botswana
Population (millions) 1.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 567 GDP ($ billions) 10.6 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,570 58.2 4.0 1.9 46 0.3 .. 207 21.1 0.9 30.9 739 18 2,151 0 1.5 11.6 1,032 24.1 1,406 100.0 0.0 0.2 2.4 98.1 68 47 1,307 8.1 41 95 90 100 42 25 57 38.5 6.5 124 55.8 12.5 8.6 0.3 7.0 0.0 0.3 .. 44.2
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

43

Brazil
Population (millions) 189 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8,459 GDP ($ billions) 1,067.5 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,710 84.7 2.2 1.5 31 4.4 1,366 50 56.5 0.6 18.1 2,290 343 56,215 382 100.0 7.6 1,122 26.5 2,008 10.1 83.7 0.2 1.8 58.2 26 136 29,000 1.1 62 90 57 96 75 37 83 23.7 13.1 20 17.8 12.0 4.3 3.7 2.3 0.0 0.2 0.3 3.5 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

44

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Brunei Darussalam
Population (thousands) 382 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 5.3 GDP ($ billions) 11.6 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 26,930 73.9 3.2 2.5 5 5.6 .. 708 52.8 0.8 61.5 567 50 6,000 99 0.1 6.7 7,065 0.7 7,498 100.0 0.0 0.5 24.1 51.3 46 397 22,738 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. .. 2.8 .. .. .. .. 0.3 ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

45

Bulgaria
Population (millions) 7.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 109 GDP ($ billions) 31.5 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,990 70.3 –0.4 –0.8 48 16.6 1,770 73 33.4 –0.6 10.3 485 47 3,572 0 0.9 3.6 2,592 3.7 4,121 47.7 9.9 0.6 5.5 –43.5 60 314 2,713 50.0 19 99 97 100 99 96 100 .. .. 14 15.5 11.9 4.2 0.9 2.0 0.0 1.2 1.6 2.1 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

46

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Burkina Faso
Population (millions) 14 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 274 GDP ($ billions) 6.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 440 18.7 4.9 3.0 40 0.5 126 235 24.8 0.3 15.4 581 13 1,100 2 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.08 0.08 10.3 94 5 897 6.4 86 61 54 94 13 6 42 9.0 20.0 204 .. 8.1 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.1 1.4 ..
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

47

Burundi
Population (millions) 8.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 26 GDP ($ millions) 903 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 100 10.3 5.3 2.3 91 1.5 35 728 5.9 4.2 5.7 713 48 2,500 2 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.09 0.03 13.2 30 1 1,285 2.9 77 79 77 92 36 35 47 13.0 .. 181 2.0 6.4 5.1 0.0 0.8 10.5 0.2 0.1 –10.9 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

48

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Cambodia
Population (millions) 14 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 177 GDP ($ billions) 7.3 East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 490 20.3 5.4 2.4 30 7.0 0 303 59.2 1.4 23.5 648 82 .. 31 3.9 .. .. .. .. 41.0 1.9 0.03 0.04 18.7 62 .. 8,642 3.4 98 41 35 64 17 8 53 20.0 18.9 82 18.1 8.7 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.4 10.5
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.90 3.27 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

49

Cameroon
Population (millions) 18 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 465 GDP ($ billions) 18.3 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 990 55.5 4.4 2.5 20 0.4 79 136 45.6 1.0 8.0 1,258 157 8,260 355 13.3 5.1 392 78.6 196 5.6 94.4 0.1 0.2 139.0 65 11 15,341 0.4 74 66 44 86 51 43 58 11.0 18.9 149 17.5 9.4 1.6 14.9 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.8 –6.2 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

50

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Canada
Population (millions) 33 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,094 GDP ($ billions) 1,271.6 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 36,650 80.2 1.3 1.0 7 1.5 613 14 34.1 0.0 6.9 683 77 3,270 1 22.2 4.2 8,417 4.6 17,285 25.8 57.9 0.6 20.0 53.7 19 561 88,203 1.6 12 100 99 100 100 99 100 .. .. 6 23.7 14.6 5.2 7.4 1.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 5.4
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

51

Cape Verde
Population (thousands) 519 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 4.0 GDP ($ billions) 1.1 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,130 58.0 4.1 2.4 18 6.1 .. 470 20.8 –2.5 0.2 186 25 774 2 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.6 212.5 .. .. 592 7.3 91 80 73 86 43 19 61 .. .. 34 28.8 10.8 6.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 .. 23.9 829 35.8 4.1 2.5 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

52

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Cayman Islands
Population (thousands) 46 Land area (sq. km) 260 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 100.0 .. .. 12 .. .. 0 46.2 0.0 3.1 221 22 539 2 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.1 25.0 20 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

53

Central African Republic
Population (millions) 4.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 623 GDP ($ billions) 1.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 350 38.2 2.4 2.2 8 0.1 .. 135 36.5 0.1 16.6 850 17 3,602 15 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.09 0.06 27.8 49 1 33,640 0.0 4 75 61 93 27 12 47 10.0 26.5 175 .. 7.8 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 .. 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

54

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Chad
Population (millions) 10 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,259 GDP ($ billions) 6.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 450 25.8 4.7 3.4 39 0.8 .. 180 9.5 0.6 9.5 635 21 1,600 2 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.01 0.01 –12.8 123 .. 1,478 1.5 83 42 43 41 9 4 24 9.2 31.2 209 29.5 10.9 1.3 65.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 –46.6
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

55

Channel Islands
Population (thousands) 149 Land area (sq. km) 190 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 30.6 0.1 0.3 40 .. .. 2,718 5.3 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

56

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Chile
Population (millions) 16 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 749 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 6,810 87.9 1.7 1.4 20 81.0 3,019 104 21.5 –0.4 3.6 604 95 5,284 39 16.2 6.7 1,815 15.5 3,074 50.1 48.1 0.3 3.9 75.1 53 88 54,249 1.4 64 95 58 100 91 62 95 .. .. 9 27.6 14.2 3.7 0.6 27.5 0.0 0.4 0.6 –12.1
2008

145.8 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

57

China
Population (millions) 1,312 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,327 GDP ($ billions) 2,644.7 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,000 41.3 3.5 0.9 60 35.6 3,410 543 21.2 –1.5 11.8 1,801 351 32,200 446 64.8 3.1 1,316 13.0 1,781 81.9 15.9 1.0 3.9 108.7 75 15 2,156 22.4 68 77 67 93 44 28 69 .. .. 24 53.8 10.2 1.8 5.8 0.7 0.0 1.3 1.5 36.1 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

58

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Colombia
Population (millions) 46 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,110 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,120 73.0 2.0 1.7 38 24.0 2,330 612 54.7 0.1 74.4 2,288 382 51,220 222 57.3 9.2 636 14.4 890 21.7 77.2 0.2 1.2 –7.7 23 35 46,990 0.5 46 93 71 99 86 54 96 9.6 13.9 21 20.9 11.4 5.0 9.7 1.7 0.0 0.3 0.1 2.5
2008

153.4 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

59

Comoros
Population (thousands) 614 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.9 GDP ($ millions) 403 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 660 37.7 4.0 2.1 80 .. .. 473 2.7 5.7 21.7 153 23 721 5 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 33.3 36 .. 1,998 0.8 47 86 82 92 33 29 41 10.1 18.3 68 4.3 8.7 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 –0.6 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

60

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Population (millions) 61 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,267 GDP ($ billions) 8.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 130 32.7 3.9 2.9 10 0.1 .. 595 58.9 0.3 8.6 1,578 126 11,007 65 17.0 0.9 289 92.5 91 0.3 99.7 0.1 0.04 –47.0 50 .. 15,322 0.0 31 46 29 82 30 25 42 11.0 22.7 205 9.3 6.8 0.9 4.8 4.2 0.0 0.2 0.6 –6.3
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

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61

Congo, Rep.
Population (millions) 3.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 342 GDP ($ billions) 7.4 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,050 60.6 3.3 2.6 31 0.4 .. 290 65.8 0.1 18.0 763 37 6,000 35 3.4 9.8 332 56.3 160 0.3 99.7 0.3 1.0 201.9 91 8 61,498 0.0 9 58 27 84 27 25 28 .. .. 126 .. .. 2.6 .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

62

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Costa Rica
Population (millions) 4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 51 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,980 62.2 3.5 2.2 57 20.2 10,345 737 46.8 0.5 23.6 1,070 131 12,119 111 11.1 9.9 883 7.0 1,719 3.3 79.6 0.2 1.5 119.5 37 146 25,975 2.4 53 97 92 100 92 97 89 .. .. 12 19.4 6.2 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 16.5
2008

22.2 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

63

Côte d’Ivoire
Population (millions) 19 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 318 GDP ($ billions) 17.6 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 880 45.4 3.3 2.5 64 1.1 142 292 32.7 –0.1 17.1 931 73 3,660 105 3.9 3.8 422 58.3 170 74.2 25.8 0.2 0.3 –4.2 48 7 4,132 1.2 65 84 74 97 37 29 46 3.7 20.1 127 15.1 9.6 4.7 12.5 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 –3.0 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

64

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Croatia
Population (millions) 4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 56 GDP ($ billions) 42.9 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9,310 56.8 –0.1 –0.5 48 0.7 1,241 174 38.2 –0.1 6.5 461 78 4,288 1 0.5 6.6 2,000 4.0 3,475 48.5 51.3 0.4 5.3 –4.5 31 312 8,485 .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. 11.3 6 24.7 12.9 4.5 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.5 13.0
2008

4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

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65

Cuba
Population (millions) 11 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 110 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 75.4 0.5 0.4 60 19.5 191 75 24.7 –1.9 1.4 423 115 6,522 163 13.5 .. 906 20.3 1,152 97.5 0.6 .. 2.3 –19.5 17 .. 3,384 21.5 69 91 78 95 98 95 99 .. .. 7 .. .. 7.1 .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 .. Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

66

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Cyprus
Population (thousands) 771 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9.2 GDP ($ billions) 18.4 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 23,270 69.5 2.0 1.8 18 20.5 1,410 194 18.8 –0.5 8.3 370 23 1,682 7 0.5 7.3 3,368 0.6 5,560 100.0 0.0 0.4 9.1 45.2 47 550 1,056 30.0 71 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 .. 13.9 5.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.9 ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

67

Czech Republic
Population (millions) 10 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 77 GDP ($ billions) 143.0 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 12,790 73.5 –0.2 –0.1 55 0.7 1,525 89 34.3 0.0 18.7 474 39 1,900 4 0.1 4.6 4,417 3.9 6,343 66.0 2.9 0.6 11.5 –27.7 22 363 1,290 19.5 2 100 100 100 98 97 99 .. .. 4 25.4 13.7 4.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.1 14.7

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

68

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Denmark
Population (millions) 5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 42 GDP ($ billions) 275.4 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 52,110 85.7 0.4 0.4 61 11.2 599 35 11.8 –0.8 25.7 508 28 1,450 3 0.2 9.3 3,621 13.2 6,663 70.7 0.1 0.3 9.8 6.4 19 354 1,108 21.2 43 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. 5 25.0 15.0 8.1 3.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 14.4
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

69

Djibouti
Population (thousands) 819 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23 GDP ($ millions) 769 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,060 86.5 3.2 2.4 73 .. .. 11,178 0.3 0.0 0.4 418 28 826 2 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 0.5 4.2 44 .. 373 6.3 16 73 59 76 82 50 88 .. .. 130 18.6 8.3 6.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 .. 16.6 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

70

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Dominica
Population (thousands) 72 Land area (sq. km) 750 GDP ($ millions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,160 73.2 0.5 0.0 31 .. .. 390 61.3 0.6 26.5 180 27 1,228 11 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 1.5 81.3 29 .. .. .. .. 97 90 100 84 75 86 .. .. 15 .. .. 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

319

Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

71

Dominican Republic
Population (millions) 9.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 48 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,910 67.5 3.0 1.7 71 20.8 .. 383 28.4 0.0 24.6 260 81 5,657 30 6.8 6.7 777 18.6 1,000 84.8 14.7 0.4 2.1 105.2 23 78 2,218 16.1 66 95 91 97 78 73 81 20.0 20.1 29 20.7 11.6 1.9 0.0 3.4 0.0 0.6 0.1 6.9 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 31.8 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

72

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Ecuador
Population (millions) 13 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 277 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,910 63.3 2.4 1.6 27 29.4 1,450 360 39.2 1.6 24.3 1,856 340 19,362 1,838 30.0 8.4 799 5.1 714 48.6 51.4 0.4 2.3 74.9 26 32 33,076 3.9 82 94 89 97 89 82 94 57.2 19.9 24 28.1 11.4 1.4 28.8 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.1 –11.8
2008

41.4 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

73

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Population (millions) 74 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 995 GDP ($ billions) 107.5 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,360 43.0 1.8 1.9 4 100.0 7,331 1,389 0.1 –2.8 5.6 599 59 2,076 2 3.2 5.4 841 2.3 1,245 87.9 11.6 0.5 2.2 109.6 128 27 25 3,794.4 86 98 97 99 70 58 86 9.0 18.4 35 22.1 9.8 4.4 24.4 0.2 0.2 1.1 1.0 –10.2 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

74

2008

The Little Green Data Book

El Salvador
Population (millions) 6.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 21 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,680 60.1 3.0 1.8 82 4.9 1,091 406 14.4 1.5 1.9 571 29 2,911 26 0.8 7.8 694 32.4 666 42.6 35.0 0.2 0.9 135.6 35 .. 2,669 7.2 59 84 70 94 62 39 77 42.0 19.8 25 11.9 11.0 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.3 2.7
2008

18.7 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

75

Equatorial Guinea
Population (thousands) 496 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) 8.6 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8,510 39.1 3.1 2.4 12 .. .. 228 58.2 0.9 16.2 571 42 3,250 63 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 11.5 4,525.0 8 .. 53,708 0.4 1 43 42 45 53 46 60 .. .. 206 75.4 21.7 1.5 142.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 .. –87.5 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

76

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Eritrea
Population (millions) 4.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 101 GDP ($ billions) 1.1 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 190 19.8 3.9 2.5 75 3.5 22 573 15.4 0.3 5.0 607 38 .. 3 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. 61 .. 619 10.7 97 60 57 74 9 3 32 19.0 23.6 74 8.7 7.2 4.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.4 0.4 3.5
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

77

Estonia
Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 42 GDP ($ billions) 16.4 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 11,400 69.1 –1.2 –1.0 20 0.7 4,867 70 53.9 –0.4 21.1 334 14 1,630 0 0.0 4.3 3,786 12.1 5,567 98.9 0.2 0.9 14.0 –33.2 14 367 9,435 1.2 5 100 99 100 97 96 97 .. .. 7 25.7 12.9 5.1 37.6 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 –20.9

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

78

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Ethiopia
Population (millions) 77 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,000 GDP ($ billions) 13.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 170 16.3 4.2 2.6 34 2.5 26 481 13.0 1.0 18.6 1,127 86 6,603 22 8.5 2.0 288 90.6 34 0.7 99.3 0.2 0.1 169.1 74 1 1,623 4.6 94 22 11 81 13 7 44 12.6 23.6 123 9.4 6.9 4.0 0.0 0.6 6.8 0.5 0.3 –1.7
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

79

Faeroe Islands
Population (thousands) 48 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.4 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 39.0 .. .. 2 .. .. 985 .. .. .. 268 .. 236 .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.7 7.1 15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

80

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Fiji
Population (thousands) 833 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18 GDP ($ billions) 3.1 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,720 51.3 2.2 0.9 25 1.1 333 204 54.7 –0.1 1.4 127 35 1,518 66 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 1.3 31.5 23 96 34,539 0.0 60 47 51 43 72 55 87 .. .. 18 .. 11.4 6.3 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.3 0.2 ..
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

81

Finland
Population (millions) 5.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 305 GDP ($ billions) 210.7 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 41,360 61.2 0.3 0.3 7 2.9 1,344 91 73.9 –0.1 9.7 501 19 1,102 1 0.2 4.6 6,664 19.6 16,120 33.2 19.5 0.4 12.6 28.4 18 460 20,396 2.3 3 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 26.5 15.8 6.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 16.3

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

82

2008

The Little Green Data Book

France
Population (millions) 61 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 550 GDP ($ billions) 2,248.1 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 36,560 76.9 0.7 0.3 54 13.3 2,032 77 28.3 –0.5 3.0 665 117 4,630 7 3.9 6.7 4,534 4.3 7,938 10.7 9.1 0.2 6.2 2.7 14 494 2,932 22.4 10 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. 4 18.8 12.5 5.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 11.4
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

83

French Polynesia
Population (thousands) 259 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 3.7 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 51.7 1.3 1.8 12 4.0 2,507 4,116 28.7 0.0 0.3 137 77 959 47 5.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.7 9.6 .. .. 39,119 .. .. 100 100 100 98 97 99 .. .. .. .. 13.0 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.1 .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

84

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Gabon
Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 258 GDP ($ billions) 9.5 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,360 84.1 3.5 2.2 20 1.4 27 65 84.5 0.0 3.4 798 43 6,651 108 3.4 10.4 1,333 58.7 999 47.7 51.9 0.08 1.1 –77.1 7 .. 127,064 0.1 42 88 47 95 36 30 37 13.0 15.7 91 52.4 15.3 3.3 60.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 .. –20.6
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.57 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

85

Gambia, The
Population (millions) 1.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10 GDP ($ millions) 511 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 290 54.7 5.7 3.4 81 0.6 .. 213 47.1 –0.4 3.5 668 31 974 4 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.2 50.0 95 5 1,855 1.0 65 82 77 95 53 46 72 7.7 21.5 113 10.3 7.8 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.8 2.7 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

86

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Georgia
Population (millions) 4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 69 GDP ($ billions) 7.7 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,580 52.3 –1.6 –1.3 43 44.0 378 267 39.7 0.0 4.3 366 46 4,350 0 0.7 4.9 718 20.1 1,672 14.2 85.8 0.3 0.9 –77.3 51 56 12,988 6.2 59 82 67 96 94 91 96 3.8 6.0 32 7.7 10.4 2.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.4 –2.2
2008

4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

87

Germany
Population (millions) 82 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 349 GDP ($ billions) 2,896.9 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 36,810 75.3 0.4 0.2 49 4.0 2,122 172 31.8 –0.2 32.0 613 59 2,682 12 0.7 7.3 4,180 3.5 7,111 62.9 3.2 0.3 9.8 –17.6 19 550 1,297 44.0 20 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 22.9 14.7 4.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 12.1

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

88

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Ghana
Population (millions) 23 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 228 GDP ($ billions) 12.9 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 510 48.5 4.2 2.4 65 0.5 75 281 24.2 2.0 16.2 978 56 3,725 117 2.0 2.9 397 66.0 266 21.5 78.5 0.3 0.3 90.8 34 .. 1,345 3.2 66 75 64 88 18 11 27 10.0 17.9 120 27.4 8.5 4.7 0.0 7.7 1.6 0.5 0.1 13.8
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

89

Greece
Population (millions) 11 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 129 GDP ($ billions) 308.4 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 27,390 59.1 0.6 0.6 65 37.9 1,652 173 29.1 –0.9 3.3 530 95 4,992 11 3.0 10.5 2,790 3.3 5,242 89.1 8.4 0.3 8.7 33.5 36 388 5,223 13.4 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 16.4 6.9 3.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.7 11.6

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

90

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Greenland
Population (thousands) 57 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 410 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 83.2 0.4 0.1 1 .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 166 14 529 1 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.0 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

91

Grenada
Population (thousands) 108 Land area (sq. km) 340 GDP ($ millions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,650 30.7 0.6 0.9 38 .. .. 3,696 11.8 0.0 2.1 181 23 1,068 3 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 2.0 78.8 19 .. .. .. .. 95 93 97 96 97 96 .. .. 20 .. 12.0 5.2 0.0 0.0 .. 0.3 0.1 .. 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 525 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

92

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Guam
Population (thousands) 171 Land area (sq. km) 540 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 94.1 1.8 1.5 37 .. .. 506 48.1 0.0 2.4 71 28 330 4 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 99 98 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

93

Guatemala
Population (millions) 13 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 108 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,590 47.7 3.3 2.4 43 6.3 1,379 466 36.3 1.2 23.4 877 133 8,681 84 8.9 7.8 628 53.2 522 45.3 42.8 0.2 1.0 140.1 62 .. 8,592 1.8 80 95 92 99 86 82 90 18.0 13.3 41 14.5 10.8 1.6 1.1 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.4 2.9 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 35.3 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

94

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Guinea
Population (millions) 9.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 246 GDP ($ billions) 3.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 400 33.5 3.7 2.6 51 5.4 28 503 27.4 0.6 6.4 855 61 3,000 22 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.2 32.2 77 .. 25,104 0.7 90 50 35 78 18 11 31 15.0 21.2 161 8.6 7.9 2.0 0.0 9.5 2.1 0.3 0.4 –9.7
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

95

Guinea-Bissau
Population (millions) 1.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ millions) 304 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 190 29.7 3.4 3.0 58 4.5 .. 375 73.7 0.4 0.0 560 29 1,000 4 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 0.2 29.8 80 .. 10,019 1.1 82 59 49 79 35 23 57 10.1 31.5 200 23.5 7.1 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.0 17.0 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

96

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Guyana
Population (thousands) 739 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 197 GDP ($ millions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,150 28.3 –0.2 0.1 9 29.4 163 111 76.7 0.0 2.5 1,023 50 6,409 22 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 2.0 27.5 35 .. 325,908 0.7 98 83 83 83 70 60 86 5.0 .. 62 .. 9.9 8.2 0.0 25.3 0.0 1.4 0.4 ..
2008

896

Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

97

Haiti
Population (millions) 9.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) 5.0 Latin America & LowCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 430 39.5 3.6 1.8 58 8.4 .. 729 3.8 0.7 0.3 312 91 5,242 29 5.8 4.4 269 75.9 37 52.3 47.7 0.2 0.2 76.8 39 .. 1,398 7.6 94 54 56 52 30 14 57 39.0 25.7 80 .. 9.6 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.3 0.4 .. 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

98

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Honduras
Population (millions) 7.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 112 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,270 47.0 3.2 2.2 26 5.6 585 342 41.5 3.0 21.0 900 102 5,680 110 7.9 5.8 566 42.0 626 66.4 32.3 0.4 1.1 193.8 46 .. 14,033 0.9 80 87 81 95 69 54 87 .. 19.3 27 32.3 10.0 3.5 0.0 2.4 0.0 0.5 0.4 22.5
2008

9.2 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

99

Hong Kong, China
Population (millions) 6.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.0 GDP ($ billions) 189.8 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 29,040 100.0 1.2 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.7 363 37 .. 6 .. 13.5 2,653 0.3 5,878 100.0 0.0 0.2 5.5 42.8 .. 53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 31.9 13.9 3.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 .. 21.3

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

100

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Hungary
Population (millions) 10 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 90 GDP ($ billions) 112.9 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 10,870 66.7 –0.1 –0.2 65 1.7 1,234 74 22.1 –0.6 9.3 455 55 2,214 1 0.2 6.2 2,752 4.0 3,771 55.9 0.6 0.3 5.7 –4.9 18 274 595 127.3 32 99 98 100 95 85 100 .. .. 7 20.3 13.6 5.5 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1 10.3
2008

4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

101

Iceland
Population (thousands) 302 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 100 GDP ($ billions) 16.3 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 49,960 92.9 1.2 1.1 23 .. 25,249 305 0.5 –4.1 4.7 338 17 377 0 1.0 2.9 12,219 0.1 27,987 0.1 80.8 0.2 7.6 10.3 17 632 572,873 0.1 6 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 3 7.0 12.5 7.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 1.8

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

102

2008

The Little Green Data Book

India
Population (millions) 1,110 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,973 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 911.8 Lowincome group 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 820 29.0 2.5 1.7 61 32.9 1,290 489 22.8 –0.4 5.3 1,602 313 18,664 247 43.9 4.5 491 29.4 480 82.1 14.3 0.6 1.2 96.9 68 8 1,152 51.2 86 86 83 95 33 22 59 19.3 19.2 76 33.7 9.0 3.9 4.3 1.2 0.5 1.3 0.7 20.6
2008

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.5 1.1 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

103

Indonesia
Population (millions) 223 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,812 GDP ($ billions) 364.8 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,420 49.2 4.4 1.4 26 12.4 1,497 498 48.8 1.8 14.3 2,271 464 29,375 386 90.0 3.9 814 28.5 509 86.4 8.4 0.6 1.7 76.8 96 .. 12,867 2.9 91 77 69 87 55 40 73 8.0 10.4 34 27.6 10.4 0.9 11.4 3.1 0.0 0.7 1.2 1.7 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

104

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Iran, Islamic Rep.
Population (millions) 70 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,629 GDP ($ billions) 217.9 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,930 67.4 2.7 1.6 29 47.3 762 138 6.8 0.0 6.5 656 75 8,000 1 7.9 4.0 2,352 0.5 2,117 91.1 8.9 0.7 6.4 98.5 55 24 1,860 56.7 91 94 84 99 83 78 86 24.0 11.3 34 40.7 11.0 4.4 54.2 0.5 0.0 1.3 0.8 –22.7
2008

2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

105

Iraq
Population (millions) .. Land area (1,000 sq. km) 437 GDP ($ billions) 12.6 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. .. .. .. 23 58.6 .. .. 1.9 –0.1 0.0 498 40 .. 0 1.7 .. .. 0.1 .. 98.5 1.5 .. .. .. 126 .. .. 121.3 92 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

106

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Ireland
Population (millions) 4.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 69 GDP ($ billions) 220.1 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 44,830 60.8 1.6 1.2 61 .. 4,619 135 9.7 –2.8 1.1 471 15 950 1 0.7 10.3 3,676 1.6 6,234 92.7 2.5 0.3 10.4 38.2 17 382 11,781 2.3 0 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 5 37.7 10.7 5.3 3.4 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 28.2
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

107

Isle of Man
Population (thousands) 77 Land area (sq. km) 570 GDP ($ billions) 2.9 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 40,600 51.9 1.0 1.0 46 .. .. 489 5.3 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.5 .. 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

108

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Israel
Population (millions) 7.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 22 GDP ($ billions) 140.5 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 20,170 91.6 2.7 2.6 24 40.2 21,977 183 7.9 –0.7 21.3 649 79 2,317 0 0.9 8.0 2,816 0.1 6,759 99.9 0.1 0.5 10.5 114.9 31 239 116 256.3 62 100 100 100 .. .. 100 .. .. 5 .. 16.7 6.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

109

Italy
Population (millions) 59 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 294 GDP ($ billions) 1,851.0 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 31,990 67.8 0.3 0.2 50 25.8 1,569 245 33.9 –1.2 11.0 610 119 5,599 19 4.4 8.8 3,160 2.3 5,669 83.5 11.4 0.3 7.7 15.4 28 595 3,114 24.3 45 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 4 19.3 13.4 4.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 9.7

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

110

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Jamaica
Population (millions) 2.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 11 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,560 53.4 1.2 0.7 47 8.8 309 715 31.3 0.1 16.2 333 61 3,308 209 4.9 5.0 1,445 12.2 2,474 96.6 2.0 0.6 4.0 33.0 38 135 3,541 4.4 49 93 88 98 80 69 91 3.0 .. 31 .. 7.6 4.5 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.8 0.2 ..
2008

10.0 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

111

Japan
Population (millions) 128 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 365 GDP ($ billions) 4,368.4 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 38,630 66.0 0.5 0.2 13 36.3 3,908 1,002 68.2 0.0 14.3 763 190 5,565 12 41.4 7.3 4,152 1.2 8,233 58.9 7.1 0.3 9.8 17.4 31 441 3,365 20.6 62 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 27.3 13.9 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 15.8

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

112

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Jordan
Population (millions) 5.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 88 GDP ($ billions) 14.1 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,650 82.6 4.3 3.5 11 29.6 7,883 521 0.9 0.0 11.0 490 43 2,100 0 0.3 3.3 1,311 0.0 1,676 99.4 0.6 0.8 3.1 61.6 52 78 129 144.3 75 97 91 99 93 87 94 6.0 18.0 25 13.8 10.2 5.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.7 7.1
2008

2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

113

Kazakhstan
Population (millions) 15 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,700 GDP ($ billions) 81.0 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,870 57.6 –0.3 –0.4 77 15.7 64 29 1.2 0.2 2.9 642 55 6,000 16 5.4 2.5 3,462 0.1 3,206 88.4 11.6 1.7 13.3 –30.5 19 93 4,978 46.4 82 86 73 97 72 52 87 3.0 13.4 29 34.5 13.1 4.4 52.4 4.2 0.0 2.1 0.3 –33.2 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

114

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Kenya
Population (millions) 37 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 569 GDP ($ billions) 22.8 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 580 21.0 3.7 2.8 47 1.8 178 536 6.2 0.3 12.6 1,510 172 6,506 103 9.9 2.8 484 74.6 138 29.5 50.4 0.2 0.3 81.7 38 9 581 7.6 64 61 46 83 43 41 46 18.0 17.1 121 10.1 9.6 6.3 0.0 0.1 1.0 0.4 0.1 5.2
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

115

Kiribati
Population (thousands) 100 Land area (sq. km) 810 GDP ($ millions) 71 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,240 48.2 4.0 2.0 46 .. .. 2,604 2.5 0.0 138.9 51 13 60 .. 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.09 0.3 33.3 .. .. .. .. .. 65 53 77 40 22 59 .. .. 64 .. 5.2 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.2 .. .. 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.90 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.82 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

116

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Korea, Dem. Rep.
Population (millions) 24 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 120 GDP ($ billions) .. East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 62.0 1.4 1.0 25 50.3 .. 324 51.4 1.9 2.6 474 44 2,898 3 0.7 .. 898 4.9 817 42.7 57.3 .. 3.4 –67.7 73 .. 2,837 13.5 55 100 100 100 59 60 58 12.0 .. 55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

2008

117

Korea, Rep.
Population (millions) 48 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 99 GDP ($ billions) 888.0 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 17,690 81.0 1.3 0.8 19 47.6 4,448 571 63.5 0.1 3.6 512 54 2,898 0 1.8 4.8 4,426 1.0 7,779 60.6 0.9 0.5 9.7 93.0 37 230 1,344 28.6 48 92 71 97 .. .. .. .. .. 5 30.5 13.3 4.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.6 20.0

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

118

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Kuwait
Population (millions) 2.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18 GDP ($ billions) 80.8 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 30,630 98.3 1.3 1.3 9 72.2 31,893 287 0.3 –4.7 0.0 381 23 234 .. 0.1 3.9 11,100 0.0 15,345 100.0 0.0 1.0 40.4 128.8 101 349 .. .. 52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. .. 4.2 .. .. 0.0 .. 1.4 ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

119

Kyrgyz Republic
Population (millions) 5.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 192 GDP ($ billions) 2.8 Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 500 36.0 0.7 1.0 56 73.8 223 257 4.5 –0.3 3.7 265 22 4,500 14 1.2 3.2 544 0.1 1,842 13.1 86.9 0.6 1.1 –54.5 24 39 9,041 21.7 94 77 66 98 59 51 75 4.0 17.6 41 4.5 8.5 4.4 1.1 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.3 –2.3 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

120

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Lao PDR
Population (millions) 5.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 231 GDP ($ billions) 3.4 East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 500 21.0 4.1 2.2 8 16.5 .. 450 69.9 0.5 16.2 919 77 8,286 21 5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.2 454.0 47 .. 33,616 1.6 90 51 43 79 30 20 67 1.0 6.2 75 21.8 9.7 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.8 12.1
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

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121

Latvia
Population (millions) 2.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 62 GDP ($ billions) 20.1 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8,100 67.9 –1.1 –1.0 28 2.1 724 68 47.2 –0.4 15.6 393 23 1,153 0 0.0 6.4 2,050 30.2 2,702 30.4 67.8 0.3 3.1 –51.1 15 323 7,259 1.8 13 99 96 100 78 71 82 .. .. 9 17.5 18.2 5.6 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.0 3.8 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

122

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Lebanon
Population (millions) 4.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10 GDP ($ billions) 22.7 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,580 86.7 2.2 1.9 38 31.3 1,358 289 13.3 –0.8 0.7 447 38 3,000 0 0.2 6.9 1,391 2.3 2,242 89.7 10.3 0.4 4.1 78.7 40 .. 1,197 28.8 67 100 100 100 98 87 100 3.5 19.3 30 –4.5 11.9 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.9 –15.4
2008

2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

123

Lesotho
Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 30 GDP ($ billions) 1.5 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 980 19.0 2.0 1.4 77 0.9 .. 488 0.3 –3.2 0.2 370 11 1,591 1 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 42 .. 2,625 1.0 20 79 76 92 37 32 61 18.7 .. 132 21.8 7.1 9.3 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.2 22.4 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

124

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Liberia
Population (millions) 3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 96 GDP ($ billions) 631 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 130 58.8 4.9 3.2 27 0.5 .. 378 32.7 1.7 15.8 759 60 2,200 46 2.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 0.1 0.8 45 .. 58,109 0.1 55 61 52 72 27 7 49 39.0 .. 235 .. 8.7 .. 0.0 0.1 6.0 0.6 0.5 ..
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

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125

Libya
Population (millions) 6.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,760 GDP ($ billions) 50.3 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,290 85.1 2.5 2.0 9 21.9 671 51 0.1 0.0 0.1 413 31 1,825 1 1.7 3.4 3,218 0.8 3,299 100.0 0.0 1.0 10.3 58.5 94 232 101 711.3 83 71 68 72 97 96 97 4.3 16.9 18 .. 12.2 .. 81.3 0.0 0.0 0.8 .. .. 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

126

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Liechtenstein
Population (thousands) 35 Land area (sq. km) 160 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 14.6 .. .. 44 .. .. 742 43.8 –1.0 38.8 297 6 1,410 0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

127

Lithuania
Population (millions) 3.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 63 GDP ($ billions) 29.8 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,930 66.6 –0.6 –0.5 45 0.4 1,198 60 33.5 –0.5 9.5 298 20 1,796 .. 0.0 5.6 2,515 8.3 3,104 23.7 3.1 0.3 3.9 –45.4 19 426 4,569 1.7 7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 14.5 13.0 5.1 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2 5.6 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

128

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Luxembourg
Population (thousands) 462 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.6 GDP ($ billions) 41.5 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 71,240 82.7 1.3 1.2 50 .. 4,907 131 33.6 –0.1 17.0 350 7 1,246 0 0.0 6.7 10,457 1.3 15,971 92.7 3.0 0.4 24.9 13.9 15 647 2,190 .. .. 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. 4 34.7 19.4 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 24.6
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

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129

Macao, China
Population (thousands) 478 Land area (sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 100.0 1.6 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 4.7 115.0 .. 134 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.4 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.2 .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

130

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Macedonia, FYR
Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 25 GDP ($ billions) 6.2 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,070 69.6 1.6 0.4 49 9.0 225 112 35.6 0.0 7.9 380 34 3,500 0 0.2 5.5 1,346 5.6 3,417 78.5 21.5 0.7 5.1 –33.0 20 150 2,655 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17 22.1 10.8 4.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.4 0.1 14.5
2008

4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

131

Madagascar
Population (millions) 19 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 582 GDP ($ billions) 5.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 280 27.1 3.8 2.9 70 30.6 54 463 22.1 0.4 3.1 427 262 9,505 280 31.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.2 189.9 35 .. 18,077 4.4 96 46 35 77 32 26 48 9.0 12.8 115 16.3 7.6 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 10.9 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

132

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Malawi
Population (millions) 14 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 94 GDP ($ billions) 3.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 230 17.7 4.9 2.3 49 2.2 353 421 36.2 0.9 20.6 865 141 3,765 14 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.08 73.8 34 .. 1,217 6.3 80 73 68 98 61 61 62 27.0 17.6 120 15.7 7.3 4.9 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.2 12.2
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

133

Malaysia
Population (millions) 26 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 329 GDP ($ billions) 150.7 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,620 68.2 4.3 2.3 24 4.8 8,432 466 63.6 0.5 30.7 1,083 225 15,500 686 14.8 4.9 2,389 4.5 3,262 93.4 6.6 0.6 7.0 221.1 25 225 22,609 1.6 62 99 96 100 94 93 95 .. .. 12 32.7 12.1 5.8 22.1 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.1 3.3 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

134

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Maldives
Population (thousands) 300 Land area (sq. km) 300 GDP ($ millions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 927 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,010 30.1 3.0 2.1 47 .. 220 5,197 3.3 0.0 .. 181 14 583 .. 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 2.5 371.4 35 6 .. .. .. 83 76 98 59 42 100 22.0 7.9 30 37.7 11.5 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.3 31.5
2008

Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.5 1.1 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

135

Mali
Population (millions) 12 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,220 GDP ($ billions) 5.9 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 460 31.1 4.6 2.8 32 4.9 .. 168 10.3 0.7 3.8 758 21 1,741 6 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.05 0.05 33.9 171 .. 5,167 10.9 90 50 36 78 46 39 59 10.0 18.6 217 13.8 8.8 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.6 7.0 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

136

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Malta
Population (thousands) 406 Land area (sq. km) 320 GDP ($ billions) 6.4 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 15,310 95.5 1.1 0.8 31 18.2 773 211 .. .. 15.6 391 20 914 3 0.1 8.7 2,352 0.0 4,917 100.0 0.0 0.3 6.1 9.9 .. 523 248 50.5 20 100 100 100 .. .. 100 .. .. 6 .. 13.4 4.3 0.0 0.0 .. 0.3 .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

137

Marshall Islands
Population (thousands) 65 Land area (sq. km) 180 GDP ($ millions) 155 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,980 66.9 2.4 2.2 78 .. 5 1,053 .. .. 420.6 61 15 100 .. 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 87 96 82 82 58 93 .. .. 56 .. 8.4 6.6 0.0 0.0 .. 0.0 .. .. 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

138

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Mauritania
Population (millions) 3.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,031 GDP ($ billions) 2.7 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 760 40.6 2.9 2.8 39 9.8 .. 353 0.3 2.9 0.2 615 44 1,100 .. 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 0.9 –3.1 104 .. 135 425.0 88 53 44 59 34 8 49 10.0 18.3 125 27.5 8.7 2.4 0.0 24.2 0.4 0.8 2.8 –7.0
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

139

Mauritius
Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.0 GDP ($ billions) 6.3 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,430 42.5 0.9 1.1 56 20.8 2,575 716 18.2 0.4 3.3 151 65 750 88 4.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 2.6 118.5 17 96 2,252 21.8 .. 100 100 100 94 94 95 .. .. 14 18.9 11.5 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 .. 10.8 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

140

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Mayotte
Population (thousands) 187 Land area (sq. km) 374 GDP ($ billions) .. SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. .. .. .. 53 .. .. .. 13.4 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

141

Mexico
Population (millions) 104 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,944 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,830 76.3 1.7 1.4 55 22.8 692 99 33.0 0.5 5.1 1,570 579 26,071 261 75.8 6.6 1,712 4.7 1,899 79.4 11.8 0.4 4.3 5.9 40 137 3,967 19.1 77 97 87 100 79 41 91 .. 9.7 35 22.2 12.4 5.3 10.6 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.4 3.1 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 839.2 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

142

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Population (thousands) 111 Land area (sq. km) 700 GDP ($ millions) 245 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,390 22.4 0.0 0.9 44 .. .. 2,851 90.0 0.0 7.3 105 31 1,194 5 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 94 94 95 28 14 61 .. .. 41 .. 9.7 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

143

Moldova
Population (millions) 3.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33 GDP ($ billions) 3.4 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,080 47.0 –0.8 –0.8 77 10.7 149 112 10.0 –0.2 1.4 253 28 1,752 0 0.0 2.4 917 2.1 1,428 98.4 1.6 1.0 2.0 –67.8 38 70 258 231.0 33 92 88 97 68 52 86 7.0 7.4 19 20.3 8.1 3.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.7 13.3 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

144

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Monaco
Population (thousands) 33 Land area (sq. km) 2.0 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 100.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. 51.3 16 9 .. 0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. 100 100 .. 100 .. .. 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

145

Mongolia
Population (millions) 2.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,567 GDP ($ billions) 3.1 East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,000 56.9 1.3 1.3 83 7.0 37 95 6.5 0.8 13.9 527 38 2,823 0 4.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.4 3.4 –14.4 64 28 13,626 1.3 52 62 30 87 59 37 75 2.3 8.0 43 45.3 7.9 5.1 2.8 26.4 0.0 2.5 1.1 9.7 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

146

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Montenegro
Population (thousands) 601 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 14 GDP ($ billions) 2.5 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

Europe & Upper Central middleAsia income group group 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,130 .. .. 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

147

Morocco
Population (millions) 30 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 446 GDP ($ billions) 65.4 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,160 59.3 2.7 1.5 68 15.4 426 147 9.8 –0.1 1.1 559 76 3,675 2 4.0 7.8 458 3.3 644 92.8 6.3 0.4 1.4 75.2 22 46 962 43.4 87 81 56 99 73 52 88 12.0 10.4 37 35.0 10.5 6.5 0.2 0.8 0.0 0.5 0.1 29.4 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

148

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Mozambique
Population (millions) 21 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 786 GDP ($ billions) 6.8 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 310 35.3 5.9 2.7 62 2.6 16 306 24.5 0.3 5.8 913 93 5,692 46 8.2 1.4 497 85.4 450 0.2 99.8 0.2 0.1 117.3 28 .. 4,885 0.6 87 43 26 72 32 19 53 10.0 20.7 138 3.5 8.5 3.7 11.5 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.2 –13.8
2008

SubSaharan LowAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

149

Myanmar
Population (millions) 48 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 658 GDP ($ billions) .. East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 31.3 2.6 1.2 17 17.0 2 331 49.0 1.3 5.4 1,335 118 7,000 38 10.6 2.7 307 69.6 82 50.2 49.8 0.3 0.2 128.7 63 4 18,358 3.8 98 78 77 80 77 72 88 2.0 .. 104 .. .. 0.8 .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

150

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Namibia
Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 823 GDP ($ billions) 6.6 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,210 35.7 3.9 2.3 47 1.0 19 161 9.3 0.9 5.6 811 55 3,174 24 5.9 6.7 683 13.5 1,428 3.0 97.0 0.3 1.2 .. 42 42 3,070 4.8 71 87 81 98 25 13 50 18.0 20.6 61 42.7 11.0 7.3 0.0 5.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 33.4
2008

SubLower Saharan middleAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

151

Nepal
Population (millions) 28 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 143 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 8.9 Lowincome group 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 320 16.3 6.1 2.3 30 47.0 96 968 25.4 1.9 18.6 455 72 6,973 7 2.2 2.8 338 86.6 70 0.2 99.8 0.1 0.1 382.6 36 3 7,315 5.1 96 90 89 96 35 30 62 23.0 27.5 59 28.0 7.6 2.6 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.3 0.1 20.5

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.5 1.1 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

152

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Netherlands
Population (millions) 16 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 34 GDP ($ billions) 662.3 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 43,050 80.7 1.6 0.6 57 60.2 6,231 356 10.8 –0.4 28.0 539 26 1,221 0 0.1 6.9 5,015 3.2 6,988 86.9 0.1 0.3 8.7 0.7 35 429 674 72.2 34 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 28.7 14.5 5.2 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 16.0
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

153

Netherlands Antilles
Population (thousands) 189 Land area (sq. km) 800 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 70.7 0.2 –0.1 10 .. .. 690 1.3 0.0 .. 300 26 .. 2 0.2 .. 8,890 0.0 5,172 100.0 0.0 .. 22.2 239.9 30 360 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

154

2008

The Little Green Data Book

New Caledonia
Population (thousands) 238 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 64.1 2.6 2.2 14 100.0 3,207 1,419 39.2 0.0 7.4 178 51 3,250 219 8.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.2 59.8 66 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.8 .. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

155

New Zealand
Population (millions) 4.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 268 GDP ($ billions) 104.5 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 26,750 86.3 1.3 1.2 65 11.4 7,026 38 31.0 –0.5 24.2 424 124 2,382 21 22.3 6.0 4,090 5.1 9,656 35.6 54.6 0.3 7.7 39.3 15 607 79,102 0.6 42 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 6 21.2 13.7 7.0 1.5 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 12.4

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

156

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Nicaragua
Population (millions) 5.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 121 GDP ($ billions) 5.3 Latin Lower America & middle Country Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 930 59.4 2.5 1.8 44 2.8 292 116 42.7 1.5 23.1 813 59 7,590 39 3.6 4.3 611 50.5 414 69.8 15.1 0.3 0.7 51.4 30 18 34,727 0.7 83 79 63 90 47 34 56 31.0 14.0 36 13.6 9.5 3.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.6 0.1 5.3
2008

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

157

Niger
Population (millions) 14 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,267 GDP ($ billions) 3.7 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 270 17.0 4.1 3.5 30 0.5 3 76 1.0 2.8 7.7 616 20 1,460 2 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.09 15.7 149 4 264 62.3 95 46 36 80 13 4 43 11.8 40.0 253 .. 7.4 2.3 0.0 0.0 2.6 0.3 0.9 .. 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

158

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Nigeria
Population (millions) 145 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 911 GDP ($ billions) 115.3 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 620 49.0 4.8 2.7 81 0.8 67 229 12.2 2.9 6.0 1,189 79 4,715 171 6.6 2.1 734 78.0 127 66.2 33.8 0.6 0.8 151.3 62 17 1,563 3.6 69 48 31 67 44 36 53 10.0 15.3 191 38.8 10.2 0.9 57.7 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.7 –29.6
2008

SubSaharan LowAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

159

Northern Mariana Islands
Population (thousands) 82 Land area (sq. km) 460 GDP ($ billions) .. Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 94.7 .. .. 7 .. .. 442 71.7 0.4 2.2 99 30 .. 5 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 99 97 98 95 96 94 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

160

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Norway
Population (millions) 4.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 304 GDP ($ billions) 334.9 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 68,440 77.5 1.0 0.6 3 .. 1,909 121 30.8 –0.2 6.5 525 32 1,715 2 1.6 6.8 6,948 4.1 25,137 0.4 98.9 0.4 19.1 163.7 20 439 82,625 0.6 11 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. 4 38.8 13.3 7.0 23.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 9.2
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

161

Oman
Population (millions) 2.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 310 GDP ($ billions) 30.8 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 11,120 71.5 2.6 2.0 6 90.0 6,168 1,152 0.0 0.0 0.1 557 50 1,204 6 4.4 3.7 5,570 0.0 3,757 100.0 0.0 0.6 12.5 200.8 132 156 399 136.0 90 82 73 85 88 61 97 6.2 6.7 12 .. .. 3.7 .. .. 0.0 .. 1.4 .. 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

162

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Pakistan
Population (millions) 159 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 771 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 126.8 Lowincome group 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 800 35.3 3.3 2.4 35 85.4 1,913 477 2.5 1.9 9.5 820 78 4,950 2 5.1 4.5 490 35.5 456 64.5 32.9 0.4 0.8 84.6 120 10 336 323.3 96 91 89 96 59 41 92 24.0 26.0 97 23.1 8.4 1.8 7.2 0.0 0.4 0.8 1.5 6.8
2008

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.5 1.1 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

163

Palau
Population (thousands) 20 Land area (sq. km) 460 GDP ($ millions) 157 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,990 69.7 .. .. 20 .. .. 153 87.0 –0.3 0.0 120 22 .. 4 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 11.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 85 94 79 80 52 96 .. .. 11 .. 12.0 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 1.2 .. .. 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

164

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Panama
Population (millions) 3.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 74 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,000 71.6 3.7 1.9 30 6.2 343 172 57.7 0.1 17.6 1,145 121 9,915 194 11.7 10.5 804 16.1 1,500 35.7 63.9 0.2 1.8 80.8 35 73 45,613 0.6 28 90 79 99 73 51 89 .. 12.6 23 18.6 12.3 4.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 10.2
2008

17.1 Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

165

Papua New Guinea
Population (millions) 6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 453 GDP ($ billions) 5.7 East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 740 13.5 2.7 2.5 2 .. 714 2,190 65.0 0.5 1.6 980 158 11,544 142 27.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.4 0.8 24 .. 131,967 .. .. 39 32 88 44 41 67 12.6 16.5 73 .. 10.2 .. 23.8 48.5 0.0 0.4 0.0 .. 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

166

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Paraguay
Population (millions) 6.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 397 GDP ($ billions) 9.3 Latin Lower America & middleCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,410 59.1 3.4 2.2 61 1.7 542 58 46.5 0.9 4.2 864 39 7,851 10 3.3 5.7 674 54.8 849 0.0 100.0 0.2 0.7 84.8 84 .. 15,936 0.5 71 86 68 99 80 61 94 17.3 16.1 22 7.3 9.9 4.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.5
2008

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

167

Peru
Population (millions) 28 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,280 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,980 72.8 1.8 1.5 17 27.8 817 202 53.7 0.1 16.9 2,222 238 17,144 274 36.3 12.7 506 16.4 848 21.1 78.3 0.2 1.2 49.7 61 30 59,250 1.2 82 83 65 89 63 32 74 20.4 15.4 25 25.1 12.0 2.5 3.2 14.8 0.0 0.3 0.7 –3.4 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 92.4 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

168

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Philippines
Population (millions) 86 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 298 GDP ($ billions) 117.6 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,390 63.4 3.8 2.1 41 14.5 1,426 553 24.0 2.6 8.2 812 253 8,931 213 33.7 5.6 528 24.4 588 67.7 14.8 0.3 1.0 83.2 26 9 5,664 6.0 74 85 82 87 72 59 80 10.0 7.4 32 30.5 8.4 2.4 0.7 1.2 0.1 0.5 0.3 21.7
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

169

Poland
Population (millions) 38 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 306 GDP ($ billions) 338.7 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8,210 62.2 0.1 0.0 52 0.6 1,281 119 30.0 –0.2 23.1 534 38 2,450 4 0.6 5.6 2,436 5.1 3,437 97.3 1.4 0.6 8.0 –11.7 37 323 1,404 30.2 8 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 7 18.8 12.8 5.4 1.3 1.1 0.0 0.8 0.4 7.8 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

170

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Portugal
Population (millions) 11 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 92 GDP ($ billions) 194.7 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 17,850 58.2 1.6 0.4 40 23.8 1,709 354 41.3 –1.3 5.1 606 147 5,050 16 3.8 7.7 2,575 10.8 4,663 81.5 10.2 0.3 5.6 39.1 28 471 3,602 29.6 78 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 12.7 17.4 5.7 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.1
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

171

Puerto Rico
Population (millions) 3.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8.9 GDP ($ billions) 67.9 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 10,950 97.8 2.6 0.7 25 15.7 .. 132 46.0 –0.1 3.5 348 47 2,493 53 3.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 .. 21 .. 1,815 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

172

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Qatar
Population (thousands) 821 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 11 GDP ($ billions) 42.5 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 95.5 3.7 3.5 6 61.9 4,083 203 .. .. 0.0 159 13 355 .. 0.1 3.6 19,877 0.0 16,801 100.0 0.0 1.0 69.2 334.0 54 335 126 290.0 72 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. 8.8 21 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

173

Romania
Population (millions) 22 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 230 GDP ($ billions) 121.6 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,830 53.9 –0.5 –0.5 63 0.5 497 108 27.7 0.0 2.5 466 64 3,400 1 .. 5.3 1,772 8.5 2,342 56.6 34.0 0.5 4.2 –41.7 14 149 1,955 54.8 57 57 16 91 .. .. 89 .. .. 18 13.0 12.0 3.3 4.5 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.0 –1.2 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

174

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Russian Federation
Population (millions) 143 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 16,381 GDP ($ billions) 986.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,770 72.9 –0.3 –0.2 13 3.6 159 32 49.4 0.0 7.9 941 153 11,400 7 37.1 2.6 4,517 1.1 5,785 65.8 18.2 1.0 10.6 –32.6 19 161 30,127 1.8 18 97 88 100 87 70 93 .. .. 16 30.7 7.0 3.5 37.5 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.3 –13.8
2008

Europe & Upper Central middleAsia income group group 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

175

Rwanda
Population (millions) 9.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 25 GDP ($ billions) 2.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 250 20.2 9.9 1.6 79 0.6 .. 621 19.5 –2.8 7.9 871 49 2,288 3 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.09 0.06 8.3 28 .. 1,029 1.6 68 74 69 92 42 38 56 17.1 14.1 160 13.9 7.4 3.5 0.0 0.0 2.3 0.2 0.1 7.3 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

176

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Samoa
Population (thousands) 185 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.8 GDP ($ millions) 424 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,270 22.6 1.3 0.9 33 .. 18 476 60.4 –1.8 3.2 55 .. .. .. 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.8 20.6 .. .. .. .. .. 88 87 90 100 100 100 .. .. 28 .. 10.6 4.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 .. ..
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

177

San Marino
Population (thousands) 29 Land area (sq. km) 60 GDP ($ billions) 1.7 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 45,130 97.5 .. .. 17 .. .. 79 .. .. .. 9 0 .. 0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

178

2008

The Little Green Data Book

São Tomé and Principe
Population (thousands) 155 Land area (sq. km) 960 GDP ($ millions) 123 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 800 58.8 3.7 1.8 59 18.2 .. 712 28.1 0.0 .. 126 28 895 35 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 0.6 38.9 49 .. 14,415 .. .. 79 73 89 25 20 32 5.0 .. 96 .. 9.1 .. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.1 ..
2008

SubSaharan LowAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

179

Saudi Arabia
Population (millions) 24 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,000 GDP ($ billions) 349.1 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 13,980 81.2 2.7 2.3 .. 42.7 939 126 1.4 0.0 41.0 527 45 2,028 3 3.4 3.5 6,068 0.0 6,813 100.0 0.0 0.7 13.7 21.0 120 415 104 721.7 89 96 63 97 99 .. 100 .. .. 25 .. .. 7.2 .. .. 0.0 .. 1.4 ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

180

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Senegal
Population (millions) 12 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 193 GDP ($ billions) 9.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 760 41.9 3.1 2.7 43 4.8 254 270 45.0 0.5 11.2 803 55 2,086 7 1.3 6.0 258 39.2 151 81.8 10.5 0.3 0.4 59.3 95 .. 2,192 8.6 93 76 60 92 57 34 79 6.6 15.1 116 18.8 9.0 4.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 1.1 12.6
2008

SubSaharan LowAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

181

Serbia
Population (millions) 7.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 88 GDP ($ billions) 32.0 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,030 .. .. –0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

182

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Seychelles
Population (thousands) 85 Land area (sq. km) 460 GDP ($ millions) 775 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8,870 53.4 1.7 1.2 13 .. .. 3,905 87.0 0.0 8.3 263 48 250 45 4.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 6.6 380.6 .. 74 .. .. .. 88 75 100 .. 100 .. .. .. 13 10.0 13.1 5.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 .. 1.6
2008

SubUpper Saharan middleAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

183

Sierra Leone
Population (millions) 5.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 72 GDP ($ billions) 1.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 240 41.4 4.1 2.1 40 4.7 .. 552 38.5 0.7 4.5 823 48 2,090 47 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 0.2 197.8 57 2 28,641 0.2 92 57 46 75 39 30 53 8.7 25.3 270 9.7 7.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.5 1.1 3.5 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

184

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Singapore
Population (millions) 4.5 Land area (sq. km) 689 GDP ($ billions) 132.2 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 28,730 100.0 2.4 2.4 1 .. .. 0 2.9 0.0 4.2 473 44 2,282 54 0.1 6.0 6,933 0.0 8,358 100.0 0.0 0.3 12.3 15.9 40 101 138 .. .. 100 .. 100 100 .. 100 .. .. 3 47.8 15.0 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.8 34.0
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

185

Slovak Republic
Population (millions) 5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 48 GDP ($ billions) 55.0 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9,610 56.3 0.1 0.1 40 1.8 1,125 170 40.1 –0.0 22.8 419 44 3,124 2 0.1 4.5 3,496 2.4 4,920 28.5 14.8 0.4 6.7 –29.5 16 222 2,339 .. .. 100 99 100 99 98 100 .. .. 8 21.2 21.9 4.1 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.0 2.2 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

186

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Slovenia
Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20 GDP ($ billions) 37.3 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 18,660 51.2 0.1 0.0 25 1.0 3,716 557 62.8 –0.4 14.5 437 80 3,200 .. 0.2 6.2 3,657 6.7 6,918 37.4 22.9 0.4 8.1 –10.1 31 471 9,348 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 26.3 13.5 5.6 5.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 12.5
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

187

Solomon Islands
Population (thousands) 484 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ millions) 336 East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 690 17.3 4.2 2.7 3 .. .. 2,178 77.6 1.6 0.1 320 61 3,172 16 4.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.4 9.1 35 .. 94,619 .. .. 70 65 94 31 18 98 .. .. 73 .. 8.7 3.8 0.0 0.4 6.5 0.4 0.2 .. 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

188

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Somalia
Population (millions) 8.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 627 GDP ($ billions) .. SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 35.7 2.6 1.4 71 15.7 .. 393 11.4 1.0 0.3 824 55 3,028 17 6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32 .. 732 54.8 100 29 27 32 26 14 48 .. 23.4 145 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

189

South Africa
Population (millions) 47 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,214 GDP ($ billions) 255.2 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,390 59.8 2.7 1.9 82 9.5 451 129 7.6 0.0 6.1 1,149 323 23,420 73 23.5 3.1 2,722 10.5 4,847 94.1 0.9 1.2 9.4 31.6 22 98 955 27.9 63 88 73 99 65 46 79 19.0 13.2 69 14.2 11.9 5.3 3.5 3.1 0.1 1.1 0.1 –0.3 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

190

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Spain
Population (millions) 44 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 499 GDP ($ billions) 1,224.7 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 27,340 76.8 0.9 0.8 58 20.4 1,286 74 35.9 –1.9 9.3 647 170 5,050 49 6.6 8.1 3,346 3.5 6,147 63.4 6.7 0.3 7.7 55.7 34 445 2,562 32.0 68 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 22.4 14.5 3.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 11.2
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

191

Sri Lanka
Population (millions) 20 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 65 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 768 28.8 2.7 1.8 55 39.2 1,391 619 16.8 –0.1 6.0 27.0 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,310 15.1 0.2 1.0 36 38.8 3,071 1,823 29.9 1.3 27.3 504 177 3,314 280 6.6 7.2 477 52.9 378 60.6 39.4 0.2 0.6 206.6 94 13 2,542 25.2 95 79 74 98 91 89 98 .. 5.0 13 24.9 9.7 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.4 16.7

4.6 453 31.5 432 79.9 16.7 0.5 1.1 97.0 81 8 1,230 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

83 32.1 8.9 3.5 4.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 18.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

192

2008

The Little Green Data Book

St. Kitts and Nevis
Population (thousands) 48 Land area (sq. km) 260 GDP ($ millions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8,460 32.2 0.4 0.9 38 .. .. 465 19.2 0.0 0.0 139 .. 659 .. 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 2.7 88.9 18 .. .. .. .. 100 99 99 95 96 96 .. .. 19 21.3 13.7 4.0 0.0 0.0 .. 0.2 0.1 ..
2008

477

Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

193

St. Lucia
Population (thousands) 166 Land area (sq. km) 610 GDP ($ millions) 899 Latin Upper America & middleCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,060 27.7 1.0 1.3 33 16.7 .. 2,983 27.9 0.0 14.6 175 27 1,028 6 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 2.3 127.3 30 .. .. .. .. 98 98 98 89 89 89 .. .. 14 2.3 12.8 5.6 0.0 0.0 .. 0.3 0.2 .. 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

194

2008

The Little Green Data Book

St. Vincent & Grenadines
Population (thousands) 120 Land area (sq. km) 390 GDP ($ millions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,320 46.3 1.4 0.6 26 12.5 .. 1,289 28.2 –1.3 11.3 185 25 1,166 5 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 1.7 145.5 33 99 .. .. .. .. 93 .. .. 96 .. .. .. 20 –3.6 11.9 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.2 –10.2
2008

423

Upper middleincome group 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

The Little Green Data Book

195

Sudan
Population (millions) 38 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,376 GDP ($ billions) 37.4 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 800 41.7 5.1 2.3 58 10.2 26 112 28.4 0.8 5.2 1,254 47 3,137 17 5.5 3.4 499 79.5 94 70.0 30.0 0.2 0.3 92.6 173 .. 813 124.4 97 70 64 78 34 24 50 5.0 29.4 89 15.5 10.0 0.9 21.6 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 –16.2 SubSaharan LowAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

196

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Suriname
Population (thousands) 455 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 156 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,210 74.2 1.3 0.8 1 75.0 504 197 94.7 0.0 11.8 877 40 5,018 26 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7 5.1 26.1 32 171 194,489 0.8 93 92 73 98 94 76 99 4.0 14.8 39 –10.0 11.7 .. 0.0 4.7 0.0 1.0 0.5 ..
2008

2.1 Lower middleincome group 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

197

Swaziland
Population (millions) 1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 17 GDP ($ billions) 2.6 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,400 24.4 2.8 2.4 81 26.0 .. 482 31.5 –0.9 3.5 614 16 2,715 11 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.9 125.0 31 40 2,299 40.1 97 62 54 87 48 44 59 10.0 .. 164 18.6 10.4 6.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 14.1 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

198

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Sweden
Population (millions) 9.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 410 GDP ($ billions) 383.8 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 43,530 84.3 0.5 0.4 8 4.3 889 53 67.1 –0.0 10.9 542 30 1,750 3 0.3 5.5 5,782 17.2 15,440 2.5 46.0 0.2 5.9 7.2 12 460 18,949 1.7 9 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 3 24.8 12.1 7.3 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 19.4
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

199

Switzerland
Population (millions) 7.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 40 GDP ($ billions) 380.4 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 58,050 75.6 1.3 0.7 38 5.8 2,230 450 30.5 –0.4 29.6 475 44 3,030 3 0.2 9.6 3,651 7.1 8,305 1.8 54.1 0.2 5.5 –5.3 25 520 5,432 6.4 2 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 .. 13.5 5.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

200

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Syrian Arab Republic
Population (millions) 19 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 184 GDP ($ billions) 33.4 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,560 50.8 2.9 2.6 76 24.3 985 192 2.5 –1.4 1.5 432 59 3,000 0 0.9 4.2 948 0.0 1,411 90.1 9.9 0.9 3.7 90.4 79 12 370 285.0 95 93 87 98 90 81 99 18.0 8.6 14 17.6 10.3 2.6 31.7 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.9 –24.0
2008

2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

201

Tajikistan
Population (millions) 6.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 140 GDP ($ billions) 2.8 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 390 24.6 –0.1 1.4 30 68.3 .. 530 2.9 –0.0 18.6 427 27 5,000 14 0.7 2.8 528 0.0 2,267 2.3 97.7 0.6 0.8 –78.7 52 .. 10,122 18.0 92 59 48 92 51 45 70 1.4 20.8 68 12.2 8.3 3.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 1.6 0.4 4.5 Europe & Central LowAsia income group group 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

202

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Tanzania
Population (millions) 39 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 886 GDP ($ billions) 12.8 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 350 24.6 4.4 2.7 39 1.8 104 317 39.8 1.1 42.3 1,431 299 10,008 240 15.1 1.8 530 92.1 61 41.4 58.6 0.1 0.1 86.3 24 .. 2,183 6.2 89 62 49 85 47 43 53 8.1 12.6 118 11.4 7.8 2.4 0.3 4.7 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.6
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

203

Thailand
Population (millions) 63 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 511 GDP ($ billions) 206.3 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,050 32.6 1.6 1.0 36 28.2 1,214 300 28.4 0.6 15.7 1,271 157 11,625 86 8.0 4.4 1,588 16.5 1,988 93.1 4.4 0.6 4.3 179.8 77 54 3,333 41.5 95 99 100 98 99 99 98 .. .. 8 32.1 11.2 4.7 5.8 0.1 0.2 1.0 0.4 18.1 1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

204

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Timor-Leste
Population (millions) 1.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15 GDP ($ millions) 356 East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 840 26.9 3.6 2.0 23 .. .. 588 53.7 1.3 12.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.08 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 58 56 77 36 33 66 14.0 .. 55 104.5 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.90 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

The Little Green Data Book

205

Togo
Population (millions) 6.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 54 GDP ($ billions) 2.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 350 40.8 4.9 3.0 67 0.3 82 150 7.1 3.8 11.9 740 33 3,085 10 0.4 2.3 320 79.4 94 60.4 39.6 0.5 0.4 207.3 36 .. 1,843 1.5 45 52 36 80 35 15 71 9.0 31.1 108 .. 7.8 2.5 0.0 0.3 2.8 0.6 0.2 .. 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

206

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Tonga
Population (thousands) 100 Land area (sq. km) 720 GDP ($ millions) 223 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,250 24.3 0.8 0.3 42 .. .. 503 5.6 0.0 8.6 51 17 463 4 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 1.2 52.4 .. .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 96 96 98 .. .. 24 .. 10.3 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 .. ..
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

207

Trinidad and Tobago
Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 5.1 GDP ($ billions) 18.1 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 12,500 12.5 2.9 0.5 26 3.3 8,913 1,550 44.1 0.3 4.7 551 38 2,259 1 2.4 1.6 9,599 0.2 5,038 99.7 0.0 1.7 24.7 92.4 107 .. 2,871 8.2 6 91 88 92 100 100 100 .. .. 38 .. 12.1 4.0 71.7 0.0 0.0 1.6 0.2 ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

208

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Tunisia
Population (millions) 10 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 155 GDP ($ billions) 30.3 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,970 65.7 2.0 1.4 63 7.4 644 128 6.8 –3.4 1.5 438 52 2,196 0 0.5 7.6 843 13.3 1,194 98.6 1.1 0.4 2.3 72.5 32 83 419 62.9 82 93 82 99 85 65 96 9.0 5.8 23 26.9 11.4 6.7 7.4 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.3 13.4
2008

2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

209

Turkey
Population (millions) 73 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 770 GDP ($ billions) 402.7 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,400 67.8 2.5 1.6 54 19.6 852 99 13.2 –0.3 2.6 581 121 8,650 3 6.0 6.6 1,182 6.3 1,898 75.4 24.4 0.4 3.2 54.6 43 80 3,150 16.5 74 96 93 98 88 72 96 29.0 29.7 26 16.6 11.7 3.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.5 1.2 6.2 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

210

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Turkmenistan
Population (millions) 4.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 470 GDP ($ billions) 10.5 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 650 46.6 2.0 1.8 70 79.5 .. 113 8.8 0.0 4.2 421 44 .. 3 2.0 .. 3,381 0.0 1,731 100.0 0.0 .. 8.7 30.4 56 .. 290 1,760.7 98 72 54 93 62 50 77 1.0 3.2 51 .. 11.0 .. .. 0.0 .. 2.9 1.0 ..
2008

Europe & Lower Central middleAsia income group group 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

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211

Uganda
Population (millions) 30 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 197 GDP ($ billions) 9.4 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 300 12.7 4.1 3.2 64 0.1 11 469 18.4 2.0 32.6 1,375 131 4,900 38 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.08 0.07 124.3 12 .. 1,347 0.8 40 60 56 87 43 41 54 22.0 19.6 134 14.7 7.7 4.0 0.0 0.0 4.5 0.2 .. 6.3 SubSaharan LowAfrica income group group 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.57 0.92 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.53 0.90 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

212

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Ukraine
Population (millions) 47 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 579 GDP ($ billions) 106.5 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group groupv GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,940 68.0 –0.5 –0.6 71 6.6 186 47 16.5 –0.2 3.3 445 58 5,100 1 0.4 1.8 3,041 0.2 3,246 45.6 6.7 1.3 6.9 –51.8 23 118 1,127 70.7 52 96 91 99 96 93 98 .. .. 24 23.2 10.6 4.4 9.7 0.0 0.0 2.8 0.5 4.1
2008

4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

213

United Arab Emirates
Population (millions) 4.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 84 GDP ($ billions) 129.7 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 26,210 76.7 5.3 5.5 7 29.9 2,322 1,494 3.7 –1.6 0.2 298 27 .. .. 0.2 2.9 11,436 0.0 13,708 100.0 0.0 1.2 37.8 172.7 135 228 49 1,150.0 68 100 100 100 98 95 98 .. .. 8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

214

2008

The Little Green Data Book

United Kingdom
Population (millions) 61 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 242 GDP ($ billions) 2,377.0 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 40,560 89.8 0.4 0.3 70 3.0 2,898 108 11.8 –0.6 25.0 660 38 1,623 13 2.1 8.1 3,884 1.7 6,253 74.2 1.2 0.3 9.8 1.3 16 457 2,408 6.6 3 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. 6 14.2 10.2 5.3 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 6.9
2008

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

The Little Green Data Book

215

United States
Population (millions) 299 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,162 GDP ($ billions) 13,163.9 Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 44,710 81.1 1.6 1.1 45 12.5 1,105 33 33.1 –0.1 16.3 1,356 937 19,473 242 90.3 5.3 7,893 3.2 13,648 72.1 6.4 0.5 20.6 25.5 22 461 9,443 17.1 41 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 8 14.1 12.2 4.8 1.8 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 4.1

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

216

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Uruguay
Population (millions) 3.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 175 GDP ($ billions) 19.3 Latin Upper America & middleCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,310 92.1 0.6 0.4 85 14.9 1,356 19 8.6 –3.5 0.4 532 66 2,278 1 1.4 10.6 875 15.4 2,007 12.5 87.0 0.2 1.7 40.0 161 151 17,848 5.3 96 100 100 100 100 99 100 .. .. 12 14.3 12.1 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 1.9 2.6
2008

4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7

5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

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217

Uzbekistan
Population (millions) 27 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 425 GDP ($ billions) 17.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 610 36.7 1.1 1.6 66 84.9 .. 352 7.7 –0.5 4.8 434 33 4,800 15 1.2 1.1 1,798 0.0 1,659 87.2 12.8 2.8 5.3 6.6 61 .. 623 357.9 93 82 75 95 67 61 78 .. 5.3 43 36.0 8.7 9.4 .. 0.0 0.0 6.3 0.9 .. Europe & Central LowAsia income group group 4,815 63.8 0.2 0.1 28 10.9 400 129 38.3 –0.0 7.0 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 2,826 2.2 3,633 66.1 17.5 0.8 7.1 –30.2 29 152 11,473 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 70 93

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

26 22.6 10.3 4.1 18.4 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.5 –4.9

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

218

2008

The Little Green Data Book

Vanuatu
Population (thousands) 221 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 12 GDP ($ billions) 388 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,690 23.9 4.0 2.4 12 .. .. 824 36.1 0.0 1.5 130 25 870 10 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.4 33.3 20 .. .. .. .. 60 52 86 50 42 78 .. .. 26 .. 10.9 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 .. ..
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

The Little Green Data Book

219

Venezuela, RB
Population (millions) 27 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 882 GDP ($ billions) 181.9 Latin Upper America & middleCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 6,070 93.7 2.6 2.0 25 16.9 1,655 66 54.1 0.6 73.1 1,745 166 21,073 68 26.8 4.3 2,293 0.9 2,848 26.1 73.9 0.7 6.6 47.0 11 94 27,185 1.2 47 83 70 85 68 48 71 9.0 .. 21 39.8 12.0 4.4 39.8 1.1 0.0 0.7 0.0 –9.5 4,785 77.7 2.1 1.5 36 12.5 1,003 241 45.4 0.5 19.7 5,913 75.0 1.4 0.9 30 9.0 672 112 38.8 0.2 10.9

7.0 1,198 14.8 1,715 37.0 57.6 0.3 2.5 29.6 37 115 24,471 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.6 2,248 6.5 3,131 61.9 27.8 0.6 5.6 –7.7 33 140 17,199 4.0 54 93 78 98 81 60 89

26 22.4 12.1 4.4 9.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.8

26 22.3 11.4 4.4 14.4 2.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 –2.2

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Vietnam
Population (millions) 84 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 310 GDP ($ billions) 61.0 East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 700 26.9 3.3 1.5 31 33.7 3,007 927 41.7 –2.2 4.4 1,116 152 10,500 146 11.7 3.5 617 46.7 573 59.9 40.1 0.6 1.2 361.0 61 .. 4,410 19.5 68 85 80 99 61 50 92 20.0 11.3 17 37.7 9.0 2.8 17.9 0.1 0.4 1.1 0.6 11.6
2008

1,856 42.4 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 547 28.4 0.1 12.1

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

3.3 1,182 15.5 1,492 81.9 15.6 0.9 3.3 97.7 73 14 5,022 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

29 47.2 10.3 2.1 7.1 0.9 0.0 1.2 1.3 28.5

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

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221

Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Population (thousands) 109 Land area (sq. km) 350 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 36,608 77.6 1.1 0.7 36 11.0 1,188 325 29.5 –0.1 13.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 94.4 0.7 0.3 17 .. .. 315 28.6 1.2 0.3 234 22 .. 11 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 124.3 60.2 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.0 5,498 3.2 9,760 62.5 11.5 0.4 13.2 22.4 27 467 9,579 10.2 42 99 98 100 100 .. 100

7 19.9 13.0 4.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.3

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West Bank and Gaza
Population (millions) 3.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 6.0 GDP ($ billions) 4.1 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,230 71.7 4.4 4.1 62 6.8 .. 962 1.5 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 29 .. .. .. 92 88 94 73 61 78 17.0 .. 22 10.0 9.1 .. 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. ..
2008

2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4

2,038 47.3 3.0 1.1 42 26.3 2,057 531 26.5 0.1 12.8

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.6 1,216 12.8 1,502 78.6 16.8 0.8 3.4 71.1 69 21 5,769 7.3 75 81 71 93 55 39 76

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

36 41.4 10.4 2.5 11.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 1.1 18.9

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223

Yemen, Rep.
Population (millions) 22 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 528 GDP ($ billions) 19.1 Middle East & LowCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 760 27.7 5.3 3.6 34 33.0 18 1,012 1.0 0.0 0.0 459 47 1,650 159 3.4 6.9 319 1.1 174 100.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 120.1 82 19 194 161.7 95 67 65 71 43 28 86 24.0 27.5 100 .. 9.8 .. 42.8 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.9 .. 2,507 57.5 2.6 2.0 22 33.8 1,050 672 2.4 –0.4 3.4 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

4.7 1,270 1.1 1,358 92.5 7.4 0.7 3.9 101.1 77 34 757 105.0 89 89 81 96 76 58 92

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

42 .. 10.9 4.6 40.0 0.3 0.1 1.1 0.6 ..

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

224

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Zambia
Population (millions) 12 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 743 GDP ($ billions) 10.7 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 630 35.1 1.6 2.3 35 2.9 .. 142 57.1 1.0 42.0 1,025 38 4,747 8 5.0 1.9 621 78.7 721 0.6 99.4 0.2 0.2 –6.4 44 .. 6,987 2.2 76 58 40 90 55 52 59 15.0 21.2 182 25.3 10.1 2.2 0.1 31.0 0.0 0.2 0.7 –14.4
2008

829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3

649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

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225

Zimbabwe
Population (millions) 13 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 387 GDP ($ billions) 3.4 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2006) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Animal species, total known Animal species, threatened Higher plant species, total known Higher plant species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.8) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2004) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 340 36.4 2.9 1.5 40 5.2 339 261 45.3 1.6 14.9 883 35 4,440 17 2.1 0.2 741 61.9 953 43.2 56.8 4.3 0.8 –36.6 27 45 938 34.2 79 81 72 98 53 47 63 15.8 13.9 105 .. .. 6.9 .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. 829 35.8 4.1 2.6 44 3.5 .. 351 26.5 0.7 11.3 649 30.4 3.1 2.0 45 24.0 .. 544 23.9 0.6 9.9

2.7 681 56.3 542 76.1 20.1 0.6 0.9 46.3 60 .. 5,093 3.1 87 56 42 80 37 28 53

3.8 486 41.7 391 72.4 24.8 0.5 0.9 55.7 74 8 3,077 18.9 89 75 69 88 38 28 60

157 19.4 10.7 3.8 18.7 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 –10.0

112 30.5 9.0 3.4 9.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.7 11.9

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Glossary
Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Health Organization; data are for 2004) Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health Organization; data are for 2004) Acute respiratory infection prevalence is the percentage of children under age five with acute respiratory infection in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 1998–2005) Adjusted net savings equal gross savings minus consumption of fixed capital, plus education expenditures, minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and particulate emission and carbon dioxide damage. (World Bank; data are for 2006) Agricultural land is arable land, land under permanent crops, and permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2005) Animal species, threatened, include the number of birds and mammal species classified by the World Conservation Union as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004) Animal species, total, refer to mammals (excluding whales and porpoises) and birds included within a country’s breeding or wintering ranges. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004)

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227

Glossary
Carbon dioxide (CO2) damage is estimated at $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2006) Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions growth is the cumulative percentage change in emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. Emissions include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; data are for 1990–2004) Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per capita are carbon dioxide emissions divided by midyear population. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, World Bank, and United Nations; data are for 2004) Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per unit of GDP are carbon dioxide emissions in kilograms per unit of GDP in 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Bank; data are for 2004) Consumption of fixed capital is the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2006 from the most recent year available) Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest area to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest areas. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2005) Diarrhea prevalence is the percentage of children under age five who had diarrhea in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 1998–2005) Education expenditure is public current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2006 from the most recent year available) Electricity generated using fossil fuel is use of coal, oil, and gas as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2005) Electricity generated by hydropower is use of hydropower as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2005) Electric power consumption per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants, minus transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports

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minus exports divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2005) Energy depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal. (The wide range of data sources and methods used to estimate resource depletion are described in World Bank 2006; data are for 2006) Energy from biomass products and waste is energy from solid biomass, liquid biomass, biogas, industrial waste, and municipal waste as a percentage of total energy use. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2005) Energy use per capita refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2005) Fertilizer consumption is the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). The time reference for fertilizer consumption is the crop year. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2005) Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2005) Freshwater withdrawal, agriculture, is withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production as a percentage of total freshwater withdrawal. (World Resources Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2008, Primary data documentation) Freshwater withdrawal, total, is total water withdrawal, excluding evaporation losses from storage basins and including water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because river flows from other countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2008, Primary data documentation.) GDP is gross domestic product and measures the total output of goods and services for final use occurring within the domestic territory of a given country, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. GDP at purchaser values (market prices) is the sum of gross value added by all resident and nonresident producers in the economy plus any taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2006) GDP per unit of energy use is 2005 gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy

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229

Glossary
use. PPP GDP is GDP converted to international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (International Energy Agency and World Bank; data are for 2005) GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country developed by the Global Environment Facility, based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index shown in the tables has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential) (World Bank; estimates are for 2005) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) divided by midyear population. GNI is gross domestic product plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is in current U.S. dollars, converted using the World Bank Atlas method (see World Development Indicators 2008, Statistical methods). (World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2006) Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption plus net current transfers. (World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2006) Higher plant species, threatened, are the number of species classified by the World Conservation Union as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004) Higher plant species, total known, are native vascular plant species. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004) Internal freshwater resources per capita are internal renewable resources, which include flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country but excludes river flows from other countries, divided by midyear population. (Food and Agriculture Organization, World Resources Institute, and World Bank; estimates are for 2005) Irrigated land is area purposely provided with water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding. Cropland refers to arable land and land used for permanent crops. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2005) Land area is a country’s total land area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2006) Mineral depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It covers bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, gold, silver, and zinc. (The wide range of data sources and

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methods used to estimate resource depletion are described in World Bank 2006; data are for 2006) Nationally protected area is totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated as national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries; protected landscapes and seascapes; and scientific reserves. It includes World Conservation Union–protected area categories I–VI. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre; data are for the most recent year available) Net forest depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth. If growth exceeds harvest, this figure is zero. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Bank estimates of natural growth; data are for 2006) Particulate emission damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to reduce the risk of illness and death attributable to particulate emissions. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2005) Particulate matter is fine suspended particulates of less than 10 microns in diameter that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing damage. The indicator is the population-weighted average of all cities in the country with a population greater than 100,000. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2005) Passenger cars are road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people including the driver. (International Road Federation; data are for 2005) Population includes all residents who are present regardless of legal status or citizenship except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. (United Nations; data are midyear estimates for 2006) Population density, rural, is rural population divided by arable land area. Rural population is estimated as the difference between the total population and urban population. (See urban population; data are for 2006) Population growth is the exponential change in population for the period indicated. (United Nations; data are for 1990–2006) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations and United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for 2005) Urban population is the share of the midyear population living in areas defined as urban in each country (United Nations; data are for 2006) Urban population growth is the exponential change in urban population for the period indicated. (United Nations; data are for 1990–2006)

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References
Buys, Piet, Uwe Deichmann, Craig Meisner, Thao Ton That, and David Wheeler. 2007. “Country Stakes in Climate Negotiations: Two Dimensions of Vulnerability.” Policy Research Working Paper 4300. World Bank, Washington, D.C. Cline, W. 2007. Global Warming and Agriculture: Impact Estimates by Country. Washington, D.C.: Center for Global Development. Dasgupta, Susmita, Benoit Laplante, Craig Meisner, David Wheeler, and David Jianping Yan. 2007. “The Impact of Sea Level Rise on Developing Countries: A Comparative Analysis.” Policy Research Working Paper 4136. World Bank, Washington, D.C. IEA (International Energy Agency). 2007. World Energy Outlook 2007. Paris. McMichael, A. J., D. Campbell-Lendrum, S. Kovats, S. Edwards, P. Wilkinson, T. Wilson, and others. 2004. “Global Climate Change.” In M. J. Ezzati and others, eds., Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Global and Regional Burden of Disease Due to Selected Major Risk Factors. Geneva: World Health Organization. World Bank. 2006. Where Is the Wealth of Nations? Washington, D.C.: World Bank. WRI (World Resources Institute). 2008. Climate Analysis Indicators Tool, version 5.0. Washington, D.C.

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AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN THE BAHAMAS BAHRAIN BANGLADESH BARBADOS BELARUS BELGIUM BELIZE BENIN BERMUDA BHUTAN BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BULGARIA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMBODIA CAMEROON CANADA CAPE VERDE CAYMAN ISLANDS CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD CHANNEL ISLANDS CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO COSTA RICA CÔTE D’IVOIRE CROATIA CUBA CYPRUS CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK DJIBOUTI DOMINICA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EL SALVADOR EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FAEROE ISLANDS FIJI FINLAND FRANCE FRENCH POLYNESIA GABON THE GAMBIA GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GREENLAND GRENADA GUAM GUATEMALA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU GUYANA HAITI HONDURAS HONG KONG, CHINA HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN IRAQ IRELAND ISLE OF MAN ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KIRIBATI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF KOREA REPUBLIC OF KOREA KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACAO, CHINA FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MAYOTTE MEXICO FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO MONGOLIA MONTENEGRO MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIBIA NEPAL NETHERLANDS NETHERLANDS ANTILLES NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS NORWAY OMAN PAKISTAN PALAU PANAMA PAPUA NEW GUINEA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QATAR ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAMOA SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SINGAPORE SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SPAIN SRI LANKA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. VINCENT & GRENADINES SUDAN SURINAME SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN TANZANIA THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA TURKEY TURKMENISTAN UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVIARANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNAM

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