From World Development Indicators

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The Little Data Book

People Environment Economy States and markets Global links

2008

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK

Copyright © 2008 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing May 2008 ISBN: 978-0-8213-7400-9 E-ISBN: 9780821374283 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-7400-9 The Little Data Book 2008 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency of the World Bank. Editing, design, and layout by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K.

Contents
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi Regional tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

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Acknowledgments
The Little Data Book 2008 was prepared by a team led by David Cieslikowski, under the supervision of Eric Swanson, and comprising Awatif Abuzeid, Mehdi Akhlaghi, Azita Amjadi, Uranbileg Batjargal, Sebastien Dessus, Richard Fix, Masako Hiraga, Kiyomi Horiuchi, Soong Sup Lee, Ibrahim Levent, Raymond Muhula, Kyoko Okamoto, Saeed Ordoubadi, Sulekha Patel, Beatriz PrietoOramas, Changqing Sun, and K. M. Vijayalakshmi. The work was carried out under the management of Shaida Badiee. Richard Fix, with the assistance of Azita Amjadi, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, Beatriz Prieto-Oramas, and William Prince, coordinated all stages of production. Meta de Coquereaumont, Christopher Trott, and Elaine Wilson of Communications Development Incorporated, provided design, editing, and layout. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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Introduction
The Little Data Book 2008 is a pocket edition of World Development Indicators 2008. It is intended as a quick reference for users of the World Development Indicators 2008 book and CD-ROM and WDI Online, our electronic subscription database. Together, they cover more than 800 indicators and span more than 40 years. The 209 country tables in The Little Data Book present the latest available data for World Bank member countries and other economies with populations of more than 30,000. The 14 summary tables cover regional and income group aggregates. For more information about these data or other World Bank data publications, visit our data Web site at www.worldbank.org/data, e-mail us at data@worldbank.org, call our data hotline 800 590 1906 or 202 473 7824, or fax us at 202 522 1498. To order World Development Indicators 2008 or the World Development Indicators 2008 CD-ROM, visit the publications Web site at www.worldbank.org/ publications, call 800 645 7247 or 703 661 1580, or fax 703 661 1501.

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Data notes
The data in this book are for 1990, 2000, and 2006 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the Glossary. • Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. • Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.

Symbols used: .. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data 0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places $ indicates current U.S. dollars

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please visit our Web site www.developmentgoals.org or see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2008 series.

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Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

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World
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6,538 133,946 48,694.1 60,209.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 65 3.1 .. 57 .. 92 .. 73 79 .. 86 .. 2000 .. 67 2.7 63 .. .. 84 .. 73 83 60 92 .. 1.2 .. 7,448 9,209 2006 .. 68 2.5 52 60 65 73 24 80 86 65 95 1.0 39,426 0.2 .. 83 57 1,796 4.3 2,678

40,679 397,922 .. 76 45 1,682 4.1 2,118 9.1 81 55 1,672 4.0 2,389

21,828.4 31,876.2 48,461.9 2.9 4.1 3.8 8.2 4.8 5.7 5 4 3 33 29 28 61 67 69 19 25 27 19 25 27 23 22 22 .. 26.1 27.0 .. –0.1 –1.2 44 113.9 2.5 59 21.4 .. 21 49.9 .. .. .. .. 1,352 297 105

47.6 3.6 10 0.1 36 16 32.3 .. .. .. .. 205 69 59

102.7 2.3 28 6.5 36 23 41.2 .. .. .. .. 1,518 132 58

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,899 16,300 3,524.7 8,277.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 67 2.4 .. 75 47 56 .. 90 101 .. 89 .. 4,581 .. 72 30 717 1.9 461 667.5 5.5 5.8 25 40 35 24 23 35 9.3 .. 2000 .. 69 2.1 18 .. .. 41 .. 83 102 62 98 .. 4,462 11.1 77 47 842 2.4 886 0.8 .. 1,856 4,359 2006 .. 71 2.0 16 79 87 29 13 89 98 72 99 0.2 4,507 0.1 .. 79 51 1,182 3.3 1,492

1,719.1 3,616.7 7.6 9.4 3.4 4.7 15 12 44 47 41 41 36 47 32 40 32 39 8.4 11.0 –2.6 –1.3 47 85.1 1.8 58 11.1 .. 33 75.7 .. 660 246 5.0 105 52.8 7.9

16.4 2.5 1 0.0 17 11 47.1 .. 234 37 17.6 11 3.3 7.7
2008

47.2 1.7 15 1.9 11 31 59.7 .. 498 63 11.4 45 16.7 8.6

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Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 461 24,114 2,217.1 4,508.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 69 2.3 .. 46 81 49 .. 84 93 84 98 .. 8,845 .. 92 84 3,878 10.3 4,317 1,076.2 –1.9 13.6 16 42 41 22 23 27 .. .. 2000 .. 69 1.6 35 .. .. 36 .. 94 95 88 97 .. 8,865 7.5 91 85 2,639 6.7 3,276 0.1 .. 4,815 9,791 2006 .. 69 1.6 29 63 95 26 .. 97 95 89 96 0.6 8,869 –0.02 .. 92 85 2,826 7.1 3,633

901.8 2,499.4 6.7 6.8 12.9 8.4 10 7 32 33 58 60 39 40 37 40 22 23 .. 31.5 .. 1.8 26 66.7 2.9 88 19.2 .. 9 66.2 .. 1,047 222 20.0 124.6 35.4 6.2

2.2 4.4 12 0.0 77 .. 49.6 .. 211 37 .. 3.3 3.2 3.5

19.0 3.2 31 2.8 74 11 61.2 .. 487 77 19.0 24.8 13.1 10.3

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 556 20,421 2,661.2 4,828.4 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 68 3.2 .. 57 73 55 .. 76 82 51 99 .. 9,834 .. 83 67 1,039 2.4 1,188 2000 .. 72 2.7 82 .. .. 35 .. 92 97 83 101 .. 9,385 2.0 89 75 1,150 2.6 1,580 1.3 .. 4,785 8,682 2006 .. 73 2.4 77 69 88 26 5 93 99 89 101 0.6 9,147 0.5 .. 91 77 1,198 2.5 1,715

1,097.1 2,016.6 2,964.2 0.3 3.9 5.5 23.8 6.6 6.8 9 6 6 36 30 31 55 64 62 17 20 26 15 21 23 19 20 21 19.5 18.4 .. –2.6 –1.3 .. 73 51.7 1.3 73 18.4 .. 12 43.1 .. 734 106 23.0 70.5 56.9 6.9

7.6 1.9 6 0.0 22 5 23.0 .. 441 73 23.9 8.1 5.7 5.1
2008

31.8 1.3 27 3.8 24 16 36.3 .. 754 111 39.0 79.5 20.0 4.8

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Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 311 9,087 778.8 2,084.4 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 64 4.8 .. 41 48 77 .. 83 77 .. 82 .. 200 .. 88 70 861 2.5 751 276.9 7.0 18.4 17 33 50 24 34 28 .. .. 2000 .. 68 3.2 39 .. .. 51 .. 91 82 68 90 .. 208 105.0 89 76 1,077 3.6 1,077 451.4 3.3 7.3 12 44 44 28 26 24 25.1 –0.4 1.8 .. 2,507 6,710 2006 .. 70 2.9 30 60 77 42 .. 92 91 74 94 0.1 211 –0.4 .. 89 76 1,270 3.9 1,358 734.4 5.1 6.6 12 40 48 38 35 26 31.8 1.0 39 48.9 3.5 53 13.8 70 5 59.8 .. 141 24 10.4 27.5 27 16.8

.. 3.8 3 0.0 70 1 43.5 .. 140 20 20.6 0.7 11 10.4

19.7 4.3 11 0.9 63 3 49.6 .. 145 21 12.7 4.8 13 4.5

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South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,499 5,140 1,151.3 3,431.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 59 4.1 .. 40 32 123 .. 56 62 38 70 .. 789 .. 71 17 350 0.7 246 402.5 5.4 8.6 29 26 45 9 12 23 13.6 –3.4 2000 .. 63 3.3 87 .. .. 96 .. 55 69 44 80 .. 807 51.8 81 32 418 1.0 359 1.6 .. 768 2,289 2006 .. 64 2.8 69 53 41 83 41 65 80 49 90 0.7 801 –0.1 .. 84 37 453 1.0 432

608.2 1,146.7 4.3 8.7 3.5 6.3 24 18 26 28 50 54 14 22 16 26 24 32 12.3 12.9 –4.0 –3.1 33 77.2 2.7 19 4.9 57 4 34.4 .. 227 15.4 7.5 22.9 39.8 9.3

10.8 3.4 1 0.0 38 2 16.4 .. 124 12.3 27.5 0.5 5.6 6.0
2008

26.1 3.1 3 0.5 31 4 24.0 .. 160 6.1 14.6 4.4 17.2 4.2

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 782 24,270 647.9 1,314.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 50 6.2 .. 15 44 184 .. 57 51 .. 79 .. 6,913 .. 49 31 685 0.9 511 297.6 1.1 8.7 20 34 47 26 26 17 .. .. 2000 .. 49 5.6 146 .. .. 167 .. 55 50 25 85 .. 6,468 3.1 54 35 654 0.9 490 342.6 3.5 6.1 18 32 50 33 31 18 .. .. 2.5 .. 829 1,681 2006 .. 50 5.2 122 22 45 157 27 71 60 31 86 5.8 6,263 0.7 .. 56 37 681 0.9 542 712.7 5.6 7.1 15 30 55 35 36 21 .. .. 56 159.9 1.3 15 3.8 .. .. 60.8 .. 174 43 8.3 17.1 10.3 41

52.2 3.1 1 0.0 16 .. 42.5 .. 177 21 13.6 1.2 1.9 18

89.9 1.7 3 0.5 12 4 51.7 .. 212 32 11.4 6.8 4.6 13

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The Little Data Book

Income group tables
For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $905 or less in 2006. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $905 but less than $11,116. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,595. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $11,116 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Data Book

2008

9

Low income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2,420 29,220 1,570.8 4,500.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 57 4.7 .. 33 .. 143 .. 58 57 .. 73 .. 7,392 .. 64 21 426 0.8 265 591.4 4.5 9.3 31 26 43 13 16 21 13.5 –3.4 2000 .. 59 3.9 102 .. .. 123 .. 57 64 39 82 .. 6,940 18.9 72 33 454 0.8 325 1.8 .. 649 1,860 2006 .. 60 3.5 82 44 43 112 35 69 73 45 89 1.7 6,714 0.6 .. 75 38 486 0.9 391

843.2 1,618.7 4.0 8.0 6.1 7.3 26 20 26 28 47 52 19 27 21 30 23 30 12.2 12.9 –3.7 –2.6 54 67.0 2.4 17 4.2 .. 6 44.1 .. 375 42 6.6 41.7 55.2 48

10.5 3.2 1 0.0 16 2 23.8 .. 310 33 23.8 2.3 7.7 22

23.9 2.8 2 0.3 12 4 32.4 .. 346 26 12.8 10.2 21.8 19

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The Little Data Book

Middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3,088 70,112 9,426.9 19,920.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 68 2.7 .. 68 53 56 .. 86 93 .. 91 .. 23,770 .. 78 47 1,346 3.6 1,310 2000 .. 69 2.2 38 45 .. 42 .. 86 96 71 98 .. 23,255 6.3 83 60 1,231 3.3 1,464 0.8 .. 3,053 6,451 2006 .. 71 2.1 32 75 88 33 9 91 97 78 99 0.7 23,086 0.2 .. 84 62 1,486 4.0 1,928

3,217.2 5,194.6 10,059.2 1.4 5.5 7.2 13.2 6.6 6.0 16 10 8 38 36 37 46 54 54 21 30 36 20 28 33 26 24 27 .. 15.5 .. .. .. .. 48 74.2 2.0 66 14.1 .. 20 61.8 .. 2,609 616 13.4 326 167 35

18.6 4.8 4 0.0 49 3 34.4 .. 1,017 168 19.6 22 23 27

37.2 2.0 20 2.4 44 20 49.6 .. 1,910 284 21.0 155 63 24

The Little Data Book

2008

11

Lower middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2,276 28,646 4,639.8 11,152.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 67 2.6 .. 73 50 60 .. 88 95 .. 89 .. 7,550 .. 74 37 894 2.3 672 2000 .. 69 2.2 29 .. .. 45 .. 84 96 65 98 .. 7,384 7.3 80 53 913 2.6 968 0.9 .. 2,038 4,899 2006 .. 71 2.1 24 76 86 36 11 90 97 73 98 0.3 7,413 0.1 .. 81 55 1,216 3.4 1,502

1,113.0 2,311.4 4,735.7 3.8 6.3 8.8 11.8 6.6 6.0 23 14 12 38 42 44 39 43 45 22 30 40 23 29 36 32 29 35 10.4 12.1 16.0 .. –2.6 –0.9 53 74.5 2.0 60 11.4 66 24 66.5 .. 921 293 7.0 142 103 28

8.7 2.7 2 0.0 50 3 40.2 .. 427 67 20.1 11 14 21

35.8 2.1 15 1.6 49 20 51.0 .. 731 95 13.5 54 40 16

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The Little Data Book

Upper middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 811 41,466 4,797.3 8,825.8 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 69 2.7 .. 51 .. 47 .. 80 88 67 99 .. 16,220 .. 88 77 2,586 6.9 3,057 2000 .. 69 2.2 60 .. .. 33 .. 93 98 88 100 .. 15,871 4.0 91 81 2,123 5.4 2,855 0.8 .. 5,913 10,879 2006 .. 70 2.0 56 .. 94 26 .. 94 99 92 100 1.7 15,673 0.2 .. 93 81 2,248 5.6 3,131

2,100.1 2,883.4 5,324.6 0.0 4.9 5.7 15.4 6.7 6.1 10 6 6 39 31 32 51 63 62 20 29 33 19 28 30 22 21 21 .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 74.0 2.0 88 22.2 .. 16 57.6 .. 1,688 324 20.1 184 64.1 5.7

22.7 6.0 10 0.0 36 6 30.4 .. 590 101 19.0 11 9.6 5.7

38.3 2.0 33 4.7 34 20 48.6 .. 1,179 189 27.3 101 22.7 7.5

The Little Data Book

2008

13

Low and middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5,507 99,332 10,997.7 24,430.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 63 3.4 .. 54 .. 101 .. 72 78 .. 84 .. 31,161 .. 72 36 993 2.4 910 2000 .. 65 2.9 68 .. .. 87 .. 71 81 56 91 .. 30,194 8.8 78 49 918 2.3 1,004 1.3 .. 1,997 4,436 2006 .. 66 2.7 56 60 62 79 25 79 85 61 94 1.1 29,799 0.3 .. 80 51 1,071 2.6 1,290

3,809.5 6,038.4 11,678.6 1.8 5.3 7.3 10.9 6.3 6.8 18 12 10 37 35 36 46 53 54 20 28 35 20 27 33 26 24 27 .. 15.0 .. .. .. .. 50 73.3 2.1 44 8.0 .. 20 59.4 .. 2,984 658 12.6 367 222 105

18.1 4.6 3 0.0 24 7 32.5 .. 1,327 200 20.1 24 31 57

35.6 2.1 13 1.6 27 18 47.3 .. 2,256 310 20.2 165 85 55

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Euro area
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 317 2,536 10,864.1 9,874.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.5 .. .. .. 9 .. 74 100 .. 101 .. 824 .. 100 100 3,562 8.4 5,361 2000 .. 78 1.5 .. .. .. 6 .. 87 .. .. .. .. 889 22.3 100 100 3,846 8.0 6,410 0.5 .. 34,307 31,818 2006 .. 80 1.5 .. .. .. 4 .. 91 .. .. .. 0.3 916 –0.7 .. 100 100 3,961 8.2 6,926

5,684.6 6,244.9 10,636.4 3.6 3.9 2.7 3.3 3.0 2.3 3 2 2 32 28 27 64 70 72 27 37 40 28 36 38 23 22 21 .. 36.2 35.5 .. 0.1 –1.3 22 81.2 1.6 153 47.9 .. 16 65.2 .. .. .. .. 400 50 ..

21.1 2.5 41 0.1 93 12 43.9 .. .. .. .. 61 28 ..
2008

87.0 1.8 115 23.0 99 19 60.7 .. .. .. .. 635 33 ..

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15

High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,031 34,614 37,731.7 36,005.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.8 .. 71 .. 12 .. 83 .. .. 100 .. 9,492 .. 100 100 4,841 11.9 7,662 2000 .. 78 1.7 23 .. .. 7 .. 91 98 101 100 .. 9,571 10.2 99 100 5,414 13.1 9,265 0.7 .. 36,608 34,933 2006 .. 79 1.7 22 .. 99 7 .. 93 97 101 100 0.4 9,600 –0.1 .. 99 100 5,498 13.2 9,760

18,017.3 25,839.9 36,794.5 3.1 3.8 2.9 4.3 3.0 2.3 3 2 2 32 28 26 65 70 72 19 24 26 19 24 26 23 22 21 .. 27.6 27.2 .. 0.2 –1.3 22 126.1 2.6 143 59.3 91 21 46.9 .. .. .. .. 985 75 0.0

51.1 3.4 45 0.3 79 17 32.2 .. .. .. .. 181 37 2.5

117.3 2.3 109 31.6 93 24 39.8 .. .. .. .. 1,353 47 2.3

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The Little Data Book

Country tables
China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong, China; Macao, China, and Taiwan, China. Serbia and Montenegro Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro. Moreover, data for most indicators from 1999 onward for Serbia exclude data for Kosovo and Metohija.

The Little Data Book

2008

17

Afghanistan
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) .. 652 8.1 23.9 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.2 42.3 .. .. .. .. .. 2,462 .. .. 50 20 30 33 66 28 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.7 2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8,399 5.3 9.7 36 24 39 12 56 25 7.4 –1.7 9 .. 9.9 .. .. 24 .. 40.4 .. 1.8 10.5 .. .. .. 3.0

.. .. .. .. 13 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

.. .. .. .. 13 .. 73.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

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Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.2 29 9.3 19.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.0 75 2.3 16 58 99 25 17.0 95 95 70 99 .. 7.7 6.4 96 90 591 0.7 1,191 3.7 7.3 4.3 29 19 52 19 37 25 23.4 –6.7

Albania
0.6 25 2,930 6,000 2006 8.2 76 1.4 16 60 100 17 .. 97 96 77 97 0.2 7.9 –0.04 .. 96 91 762 1.2 1,167 9.1 5.0 2.0 23 22 56 25 49 25 23.6 –3.0 36 .. 1.6 60 14.9 .. 13 42.3 .. 2.3 575 3.5 325 1.4 321

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 72 2.9 .. .. .. 45 .. 88 .. 78 96 .. 7.9 .. 96 .. 809 2.2 522 2.1 –9.6 –0.5 36 48 16 15 23 29 .. ..

.. 5.9 1 0.0 .. .. 29.0 .. 0.5 425 4.3 20 0.0 11
2008

.. 1.2 6 0.1 39 1 36.6 .. 1.1 37 2.0 143 0.6 317

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19

Algeria

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 33 2,382 101.2 198.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 2.7 10 64 92 44 5.4 80 83 75 98 .. 21 54.2 89 91 959 6.4 695 54.8 2.2 24.6 9 59 33 41 21 25 38.3 9.7 1.5 .. 3,030 5,940 2006 .. 72 2.4 8 61 95 38 .. 91 85 83 99 0.1 23 –1.6 .. 85 92 1,058 6.0 899 114.7 3.0 9.1 8 61 30 48 24 30 43.1 13.8 24 .. 2.7 71 7.4 70 2 66.3 179 5.6 541 .. 1.8 2.5 209

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

6.5 67 4.6 .. 47 77 69 .. 83 81 60 83 .. 18 .. 94 88 944 3.0 542 62.0 0.8 30.3 11 48 40 23 25 29 .. ..

.. 1.5 3 0.0 67 0 36.6 74 28.1 791 63.4 0.0 0.4 132

.. 3.4 6 0.5 69 4 56.9 100 25.3 222 .. 0.4 0.8 201

20

2008

The Little Data Book

East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

American Samoa
Upper middle income
60 200 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 180 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.2 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 180 0.00 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 180 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

21

Andorra
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 67 470 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 160 .. 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. 97 100 80 101 .. 160 .. 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.1 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. 91 103 85 102 .. 160 0.00 .. 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 151 33.1 .. 27 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

22

2008

The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 17 1,247 32.6 64.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 41 6.8 144 6 47 260 27.5 41 .. 15 85 .. 597 0.2 46 30 569 0.5 89 9.1 3.0 418.2 6 72 22 90 63 15 .. ..

Angola
2.8 .. 1,970 3,890 2006 .. 42 6.5 139 .. .. 260 .. 48 .. .. .. 3.7 591 0.2 .. 53 31 615 0.5 141 45.2 18.6 14.7 9 70 21 74 38 14 .. .. 119 .. 5.4 14 0.5 .. .. 103.2 197 9.6 2.2 12.8 –38 .. 171

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 40 7.1 .. .. .. 260 .. 38 35 11 .. .. 610 .. 36 29 597 0.4 60 10.3 –0.3 10.9 18 41 41 39 21 12 .. ..

.. 7.8 1 0.0 .. .. 53.5 94 8.6 1.0 8.1 –335 .. 266

.. 2.2 1 0.1 10 .. 120.1 100 9.4 1.3 20.7 879 .. 302

The Little Data Book

2008

23

Antigua and Barbuda
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 84 440 929 1.3 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 1.7 .. 53 .. .. .. 89 .. .. .. .. 90 .. .. .. .. 4.9 .. 392 2.5 2.3 4 20 76 89 87 32 .. ..

High income
1.3 .. 11,050 15,130 2006 .. .. .. .. .. 100 11 .. 99 .. .. .. .. 90 0.00 .. 91 95 .. 5.1 .. 998 11.5 2.8 4 23 74 60 71 59 .. .. 21 .. .. 169 38.1 .. 1 65.6 .. .. .. .. 116 10 3.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 75 1.7 .. 53 100 15 .. 95 .. .. .. .. 90 .. 92 95 .. 4.6 .. 665 3.3 –1.2 4 20 76 70 75 48 .. ..

.. .. 26 0.0 .. .. 70.5 .. .. .. .. 61 13 4.6

.. .. 79 6.5 33 0 69.0 .. .. .. .. 43 10 9.8

24

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 39 2,780 201.3 456.8

Argentina
Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.2 74 2.5 64 .. 98 19 .. 91 99 97 103 .. 338 10.6 96 89 1,679 3.7 2,087 284.2 –0.8 1.0 5 28 67 11 12 16 14.1 –5.7 1.0 .. 5,150 11,670 2006 3.1 75 2.3 58 .. 99 16 2.3 97 99 86 104 0.6 330 0.4 .. 96 91 1,644 3.7 2,418 214.2 8.5 13.5 8 36 56 25 19 24 18.1 –0.5 31 37.2 0.9 105 20.9 .. 7 37.7 113 122 35 31.6 4.8 541 114 4.6 72 3.0 .. .. 96 29 .. 93 .. 72 .. .. 353 .. 94 81 1,415 3.4 1,305 141.4 –2.4 2,076.8 8 36 56 10 5 14 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

2.3 1.2 9 0.0 29 0 11.6 64 62 10 37.0 1.8 15 169
2008

58.4 1.3 39 7.0 29 9 18.1 100 144 28 69.6 10.4 86 53

The Little Data Book

25

Armenia

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.0 30 5.8 14.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.6 71 1.5 40 61 97 36 2.7 92 77 86 103 .. 3.1 32.4 92 84 672 1.1 1,292 1.9 5.9 –1.4 26 35 39 23 51 19 .. .. –0.3 51 1,920 4,950 2006 .. 72 1.3 30 53 98 24 4.2 92 91 90 104 0.1 2.8 1.3 .. 92 83 848 1.2 1,503 6.4 13.3 4.6 20 44 37 22 36 34 18.8 –0.3 18 0.9 2.8 30 5.7 90 1 50.1 .. 2.1 297.9 7.6 0.3 1.2 213.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 68 2.5 .. .. .. 56 .. 93 .. .. .. .. 3.5 .. .. .. 2,240 1.2 2,718 2.3 –11.7 79.4 17 52 31 35 46 47 .. ..

.. 2.1 16 0.0 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.8 .. 2.7

0.1 3.6 18 1.3 97 5 61.5 .. 0.9 44.4 8.2 0.1 0.1 215.9

26

2008

The Little Data Book

Aruba
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 101 180 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. 31 .. 96 .. .. .. 97 100 99 .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. ..

High income
0.9 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. 24 .. .. .. .. .. 98 100 100 .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. 21.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 146 23.9 .. 4 .. 166 .. .. .. 326 18.2 –11

872.1 1,858.7 12.0 3.7 5.7 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 101 70 161 91 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 0 58.1 .. .. .. .. 131 3.0 30
2008

.. .. .. .. .. 0 54.2 100 .. .. .. –120 8.0 12

The Little Data Book

27

Australia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 21 7,741 742.3 702.5 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.9 .. .. 100 10 .. 86 .. 83 101 .. 1,679 .. 100 100 5,130 16.3 8,456 319.1 –0.6 3.6 4 30 66 16 16 23 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 79 1.8 18 .. 99 6 .. 91 .. 162 100 .. 1,646 4.9 100 100 5,769 17.6 10,055 399.6 1.9 4.8 4 26 70 23 22 22 24.9 1.9 1.5 .. 35,860 33,940 2006 .. 81 1.8 15 .. .. 6 .. 94 .. 149 97 0.1 1,637 0.2 .. 100 100 5,978 16.2 11,481 780.5 2.5 4.6 3 28 69 20 22 27 26.0 1.7 2 140.4 1.8 143 73.9 .. 12 33.6 146 .. .. .. 26.6 3.1 ..

34.2 2.0 47 0.6 35 8 25.6 116 .. .. .. 8.1 2.4 ..

93.3 1.7 97 34.5 39 15 33.9 100 .. .. .. 13.6 1.9 ..

28

2008

The Little Data Book

Austria
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 8.3 84 329.2 298.4 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.5 .. .. .. 10 .. 60 .. 102 95 .. 38 .. 100 100 3,251 7.5 6,078 165.0 4.6 3.0 4 32 64 38 37 24 .. .. 2000 8.6 78 1.4 14 .. .. 6 .. 75 103 99 97 .. 38 3.8 100 100 3,624 7.6 7,107 193.8 3.4 1.8 2 31 67 45 44 23 38.2 –1.9

High income
0.6 .. 39,750 36,040 2006 .. 80 1.4 12 .. .. 5 .. 80 103 102 97 0.3 39 –0.2 .. 100 100 4,174 8.5 7,889 322.0 3.1 1.6 2 31 67 58 52 21 39.8 –1.6 28 59.4 0.8 155 50.7 .. 13 87.2 .. .. .. .. 0.2 2.0 ..

7.0 1.2 43 0.1 100 8 54.8 .. .. .. .. 0.7 0.6 ..
2008

15.4 1.0 126 33.7 100 14 72.3 .. .. .. .. 8.5 1.4 ..

The Little Data Book

29

Azerbaijan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 8.5 87 15.6 46.1 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 71 2.7 .. .. .. 105 .. 66 .. 88 100 .. 9.4 .. 68 .. 3,637 7.5 2,584 8.9 –11.7 83.5 29 33 38 44 39 27 .. .. 2000 7.4 72 2.1 34 55 84 93 14.0 99 89 75 100 .. 9.4 213.0 75 55 1,430 3.8 2,040 5.3 11.1 12.5 17 45 38 39 38 21 17.6 –4.7 1.1 50 1,840 5,430 2006 .. 72 2.3 29 .. 100 88 .. 96 92 83 96 0.1 9.4 0.00 .. 77 54 1,649 3.8 2,407 19.9 34.5 5.3 7 70 22 70 41 32 .. .. 30 .. 3.3 53 9.8 49 2 58.6 .. 1.9 302.0 1.6 –584.0 812.5 205.7

.. 2.5 9 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.9 .. 0.3

0.1 2.3 15 0.1 92 4 55.3 .. 1.3 156.2 5.8 129.9 57.0 139.1

30

2008

The Little Data Book

Bahamas, The
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 327 14 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 2.6 .. 62 99 29 .. 86 .. .. .. .. 5.2 .. .. 100 .. 7.6 .. 3.1 1.1 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.0 –1.9 2000 .. 70 2.2 59 .. 99 19 .. 93 83 80 97 .. 5.2 .. 97 100 .. 5.9 .. 5.0 5.0 4.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.7 0.4

High income
1.2 .. .. .. 2006 .. 73 2.0 54 .. 99 14 .. 88 95 91 100 3.3 5.2 0.00 .. 97 100 .. 6.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.3 –1.8 .. .. 0.7 112 31.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 706 .. 4.8

.. 0.8 28 0.0 52 0 89.8 .. .. .. .. –17 .. 3.2
2008

.. 0.6 48 4.3 57 7 53.0 .. .. .. .. 250 .. 5.5

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31

Bahrain
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 739 710 14.0 24.9 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 72 3.6 .. 53 94 19 .. 87 97 100 101 .. .. .. .. .. 9,796 23.7 6,573 4.2 4.4 4.8 1 46 53 116 95 16 27.1 –2.3

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 75 2.6 20 .. .. 12 .. 98 98 97 104 .. .. .. .. .. 9,591 28.7 8,830 8.0 5.3 14.3 .. .. .. 89 64 10 32.9 8.5 1.9 .. 19,350 34,310 2006 .. 76 2.3 17 .. 99 10 .. 99 105 101 102 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. 11,214 23.8 11,401 16.0 7.8 33.1 .. .. .. 73 54 16 27.0 6.3 .. 108.3 3.0 148 21.3 .. 0 112.0 132 .. .. .. 2.9 .. 57

.. 5.1 20 0.0 75 0 176.7 .. .. .. .. –0.2 .. 137

83.1 4.0 58 6.2 78 0 135.8 100 .. .. .. 0.4 .. 49

32

2008

The Little Data Book

South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 156 144 70.5 191.9

Bangladesh
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.7 61 3.3 150 54 12 92 .. 76 77 46 102 .. 8.8 75.6 74 33 134 0.2 96 47.1 5.9 1.9 26 25 49 14 19 23 9.8 –0.7 1.8 50 450 1,230 2006 8.8 64 2.9 129 58 20 69 39.2 81 72 44 103 0.1 8.7 0.1 .. 74 39 158 0.2 136 61.9 6.6 5.2 20 28 52 19 25 25 10.0 –0.7 74 5.8 1.1 13 0.3 .. 0 45.1 73 21 1.2 3.7 697.2 5.4 1.2 9.4 55 4.3 .. 40 .. 149 .. 65 49 .. .. .. 8.8 .. 72 20 113 0.1 45 30.1 5.9 6.3 30 21 48 6 14 17 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

1.1 1.1 0 0.0 7 0 17.6 117 12 0.2 25.8 3.2 0.8 2.1

2.5 1.4 1 0.1 10 0 32.4 100 16 0.3 8.6 280.4 2.0 1.2

The Little Data Book

2008

33

Barbados
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 293 430 .. 4.4 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 1.7 .. 55 .. 17 .. 87 .. .. .. .. 20 .. 100 100 .. 4.0 .. 1.7 –4.8 5.5 7 20 73 49 52 19 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 75 1.5 43 .. 98 13 .. 94 93 96 101 .. 20 90.0 100 100 .. 4.1 .. 2.5 2.3 0.8 4 16 79 50 57 19 .. .. 0.3 .. .. 15,150 2006 .. 77 1.5 42 .. 100 12 .. 92 96 102 101 1.5 20 0.00 .. 100 100 .. 4.4 .. 3.4 .. .. 4 18 78 54 63 24 43.9 3.7 .. 144.4 0.8 117 54.8 100 17 57.5 115 .. .. .. 62 140 –0.6

16.5 0.8 27 0.0 87 0 53.8 .. .. .. .. 11 38 2.6

66.4 0.9 53 3.5 99 23 56.1 100 .. .. .. 19 102 0.2

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2008

The Little Data Book

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.7 208 33.8 94.4

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.5 68 1.3 28 .. 100 17 .. 98 102 87 102 .. 78 7.5 100 83 2,459 5.9 2,989 12.7 5.8 185.3 14 39 47 69 72 25 28.7 0.1 –0.4 19 3,470 9,700 2006 8.8 69 1.3 22 73 100 13 .. 97 95 96 101 0.3 79 –0.5 .. 100 84 2,720 6.6 3,209 36.9 9.9 10.8 9 42 49 60 64 30 36.0 1.4 48 .. 1.7 96 56.3 89 3 113.8 .. 6.1 4.4 3.3 354.0 334.2 73

Belarus

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

10.4 71 1.9 .. .. .. 24 .. 94 82 93 .. .. 74 .. 100 .. 4,139 10.6 3,401 17.4 –1.2 103.6 24 47 29 46 44 27 31.5 –4.8

.. 1.5 15 0.0 96 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.0 .. 187

.. 1.3 28 1.9 96 4 125.4 .. 2.1 1.2 4.8 118.8 139.0 40

The Little Data Book

2008

35

Belgium
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 31 405.4 356.9 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.6 .. 78 .. 10 .. 85 79 101 101 .. 6.8 .. .. .. 4,932 10.1 6,380 202.7 3.1 2.8 2 31 67 69 68 22 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 8.5 78 1.7 9 .. 99 6 .. 82 .. 146 106 .. 6.7 .. .. .. 5,763 10.0 8,247 231.9 3.7 1.8 1 27 72 85 82 22 42.9 0.1 0.6 .. 38,460 33,860 2006 .. 79 1.7 7 .. .. 4 .. 88 .. 109 98 0.3 6.7 0.1 .. .. .. 5,407 9.7 8,510 394.0 3.2 2.0 1 24 75 88 85 22 41.2 0.3 4 100.6 1.1 136 45.8 78 8 183.5 99 .. .. .. 62.0 7.5 ..

32.3 2.3 40 0.0 81 .. 117.1 .. .. .. .. 8.0 3.6 ..

78.7 1.4 104 29.3 78 9 157.8 100 .. .. .. 214.9 4.0 ..

36

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 298 23 1.1 2.1

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 3.4 97 56 83 23 .. 95 99 68 99 .. 17 0.9 90 47 .. 2.8 .. 832 12.2 1.2 17 21 62 53 73 33 .. .. 2.0 .. 3,740 7,080 2006 .. 72 2.9 81 .. 89 16 .. 99 104 79 100 2.5 17 0.00 .. 91 47 .. 2.8 .. 1,214 5.6 3.1 14 21 65 64 62 19 .. .. 44 .. .. 51 11.4 .. 10 77.6 94 1.0 6.6 15.9 73 65 7.6

Belize

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 72 4.5 .. 47 77 43 .. 86 92 44 100 .. 17 .. .. .. .. 1.6 .. 413 10.6 2.8 20 22 58 62 60 27 25.4 –0.6

.. 1.2 9 0.0 .. 0 83.3 .. 0.1 6.1 6.8 17 18 30.3
2008

.. .. 21 6.0 17 0 89.2 100 0.6 50.0 16.4 23 22 14.7

The Little Data Book

37

Benin

Sub-Saharan Africa
8.8 113 4.7 10.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 54 6.0 142 19 66 160 21.5 68 35 20 64 .. 27 1.3 65 26 277 0.2 55 2.3 5.8 3.2 37 14 50 15 28 19 16.5 0.7 3.1 .. 530 1,250 2006 .. 56 5.5 123 17 79 148 .. 89 65 32 73 1.8 24 2.3 .. 67 33 304 0.3 69 4.8 4.1 6.1 32 13 54 13 26 20 16.7 0.2 31 .. .. 13 8.0 10 0 32.5 81 0.8 39 7.4 63 173 375

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 53 6.7 .. .. .. 185 .. 79 18 10 49 .. 33 .. 63 12 324 0.1 34 1.8 3.2 1.6 36 13 51 14 26 14 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 20 0 30.0 107 1.3 55 8.2 62 101 267

.. .. 1 0.2 20 0 44.6 100 1.6 65 11.9 60 87 238

38

2008

The Little Data Book

Bermuda
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 64 50 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. 9.7 .. 1.6 0.0 6.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 104 87 101 .. 10 .. .. .. .. 8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. 2006 .. 79 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 96 84 95 .. 10 0.00 .. .. .. .. 8.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 185 66.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

.. .. 64 0.0 .. .. 41.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.2
2008

.. .. 111 43.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

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39

Bhutan
South Asia
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 649 47 928 2.6 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 53 5.7 .. .. .. 166 .. 93 .. .. .. .. 30 .. .. .. .. 0.2 .. 304 10.7 5.9 36 25 39 26 30 30 16.8 –5.8 2000 .. 62 3.4 60 31 24 100 14.1 76 52 42 86 .. 31 0.4 62 70 .. 0.7 .. 448 7.2 2.3 28 35 36 29 47 47 22.4 –2.4 1.8 .. 1,430 4,000 2006 .. 65 2.3 40 .. 51 70 .. 90 73 49 95 0.1 32 –0.3 .. 62 70 .. 0.7 .. 942 8.5 4.4 22 38 40 32 45 55 15.5 2.0 48 .. .. 18 4.6 .. .. 71.1 .. 713 16.0 .. 6.1 .. 94

.. .. 0 0.0 77 0 49.7 .. 84 3.3 .. 1.6 .. 46

8.9 .. 3 0.4 .. 0 62.2 .. 204 1.5 .. –0.1 .. 53

40

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.4 1,099 10.3 35.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 1.5 63 4.1 85 53 69 84 5.9 79 99 80 98 .. 601 0.5 82 43 594 1.0 421 8.4 2.5 5.2 15 30 55 18 27 18 18.4 –8.7

Bolivia
1.9 65 1,100 3,810 2006 .. 65 3.6 79 .. .. 61 5.9 81 101 82 98 0.1 587 0.4 .. 85 46 578 0.8 479 11.2 4.6 12.2 14 34 52 42 33 12 23.8 12.5 50 19.9 1.5 36 6.2 7 4 59.9 135 5.3 220 8.5 240 611.9 581

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.5 59 4.9 .. 30 43 125 8.9 53 .. .. .. .. 628 .. 72 33 416 0.8 274 4.9 4.6 16.3 17 35 48 23 24 13 .. ..

.. 2.3 3 0.0 4 0 33.1 102 4.3 154 38.6 27 5.0 545

20.7 1.7 13 1.4 7 40 36.4 100 5.8 402 37.1 736 127.0 472

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2008

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.9 51 12.7 26.6 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 72 1.7 .. .. 97 22 .. 52 .. .. .. .. 22 .. 97 .. 1,633 1.6 3,043 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Lower middle income
0.3 20 3,230 6,780 2006 7.0 75 1.2 21 36 100 15 .. 90 .. .. .. 0.1 22 0.1 .. 97 95 1,268 4.0 2,316 12,255 6.0 6.5 10 25 65 25 47 16 39.8 2.9 54 .. 1.6 73 24.2 52 3 86.6 .. 5.7 1.1 8.7 423.5 2.1 494.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 74 1.4 26 48 100 17 4.2 80 .. .. .. .. 22 .. 97 95 1,061 6.1 2,011 5,338 5.5 18.1 11 24 65 30 78 21 .. ..

.. .. 15 0.0 54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.7

.. 3.6 23 1.1 52 .. 78.2 .. 2.8 0.0 9.9 146.1 1.6 736.9

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The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.9 582 10.4 21.8

Botswana
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 49 3.4 66 44 94 101 10.7 90 90 75 102 .. 125 8.1 95 41 1,065 2.5 921 6.2 8.2 12.0 2 59 39 53 34 36 .. .. .. 63 4.6 .. 33 77 58 .. 87 76 48 109 .. 137 .. 93 38 930 1.6 724 3.8 6.8 6.3 5 61 34 55 50 37 50.8 19.1

Upper middle income
1.2 .. 5,570 11,730 2006 .. 50 3.0 54 .. .. 124 .. 90 95 75 100 24.1 119 0.9 .. 95 42 1,032 2.4 1,406 10.6 2.1 13.5 2 53 45 55 29 26 .. .. 108 37.2 3.0 60 3.3 33 .. 73.9 94 408 24.0 0.9 486 117 65

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

6.6 4.1 2 0.0 32 .. 98.4 98 553 5.8 4.3 96 86 145
2008

15.8 3.0 21 2.9 35 0 77.0 100 453 15.0 2.0 57 26 31

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43

Brazil

Latin America & Caribbean
189 8,515 892.6 1,647.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.5 70 2.4 90 .. 96 30 .. 99 108 104 103 .. 4,932 1.1 89 74 1,066 1.9 1,894 1.3 22 4,710 8,700 2006 2.9 72 2.3 89 .. .. 20 .. 99 105 106 102 0.5 4,777 0.6 .. 90 75 1,122 1.8 2,008

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

2.3 67 2.8 .. 59 72 57 .. 78 .. 40 .. .. 5,200 .. 83 71 896 1.4 1,456 462.0 –4.3 2,735.5 8 39 53 8 7 20 22.8 –3.4

644.5 1,067.5 4.3 3.7 6.2 4.3 6 5 28 31 67 64 10 15 12 12 18 17 22.6 .. –0.8 .. 152 66.6 1.5 73 22.5 .. 12 21.9 104 194 20 37.3 18.8 4.3 82

3.6 2.6 6 0.0 10 7 11.7 66 120 24 22.1 1.0 0.6 151

35.1 1.6 31 2.9 6 19 17.7 100 242 31 93.5 32.8 1.6 232

44

2008

The Little Data Book

Brunei Darussalam
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 382 5.8 10.3 19.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 3.2 .. .. .. 11 .. 99 100 77 100 .. 3.1 .. .. .. 7,070 22.6 4,354 3.5 1.1 8.4 1 62 37 62 37 19 .. .. 2000 .. 76 2.6 32 .. 100 9 .. 99 122 85 102 .. 2.9 .. .. .. 7,623 25.5 7,539 6.0 2.8 29.0 1 64 35 67 36 13 .. ..

High income
2.1 .. 26,930 49.900 2006 .. 77 2.3 28 .. 100 9 .. 97 107 98 102 0.1 2.8 0.8 .. 99 .. 7,065 24.1 7,498 11.6 5.1 10.1 1 73 26 71 25 10 .. .. 116 .. 2.4 87 43.3 77 6 81.6 179 .. .. .. .. .. 0.8

.. 6.6 14 0.0 31 0 91.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.9
2008

.. 4.1 53 9.0 35 0 83.5 100 .. .. .. .. .. 0.6

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45

Bulgaria

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.7 111 30.7 79.0

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.5 72 1.3 45 .. 99 16 .. 89 99 92 98 .. 34 50.0 99 99 2,322 5.3 3,724 12.6 5.4 6.7 14 31 55 56 61 18 33.7 –0.4 –0.6 13 3,990 10,270 2006 .. 73 1.4 41 .. 99 14 1.6 96 99 105 97 0.1 36 –0.6 .. 99 99 2,592 5.5 4,121 31.5 6.1 8.1 9 31 60 64 83 32 36.8 3.4 32 32.8 2.3 138 24.3 99 6 121.3 .. 21 8.0 12.4 5.2 1.7 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

8.3 72 1.8 .. .. .. 19 .. 99 102 75 99 .. 33 .. 99 99 3,306 8.6 4,759 20.7 –9.1 26.2 17 49 34 33 37 26 47.1 –5.0

.. 3.5 25 0.0 92 .. 48.9 .. 11 1.1 19.4 0.0 .. 14

4.9 2.5 45 5.3 92 3 89.8 .. 11 1.5 17.7 1.0 0.1 311

46

2008

The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 14 274 6.2 16.2

Burkina Faso
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.9 50 6.5 145 13 31 194 .. 59 25 10 70 .. 69 6.4 54 11 .. 0.1 .. 2.6 1.8 –1.7 27 23 44 9 25 17 .. .. .. 50 7.3 .. .. .. 206 .. 79 20 7 62 .. 72 .. 38 7 .. 0.1 .. 3.1 –0.6 1.8 28 20 49 11 24 19 .. ..

Low income
3.0 46 440 1,130 2006 .. 52 6.1 129 17 54 204 .. 88 31 15 80 2.0 68 0.3 .. 61 13 .. 0.1 .. 6.2 6.4 2.5 33 22 45 11 25 17 12.1 –5.7 18 .. 1.4 8 0.6 4 10 30.6 90 1.1 85 .. 25.9 50 871

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 2.7 0 0.0 17 .. 22.2 119 0.8 84 6.8 0.5 140 327
2008

.. 1.4 1 0.1 16 3 31.4 100 1.4 84 14.9 23.2 67 335

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47

Burundi

Sub-Saharan Africa
8.2 28 815 2.6

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.1 46 6.8 55 16 25 181 38.9 75 25 .. .. .. 2.0 2.9 77 38 .. 0.04 .. 0.7 –0.9 13.2 40 19 41 8 20 6 15.8 –2.4 3.9 .. 100 320 2006 .. 49 6.8 55 9 34 181 .. 75 36 14 89 3.3 1.5 4.2 .. 79 36 .. 0.03 .. 0.9 5.1 2.6 35 20 45 11 48 17 .. .. 43 .. 5.5 2 0.7 10 4 54.2 126 1.4 38 40.4 0.0 0.1 415

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

7.9 46 6.8 .. .. .. 190 .. 74 41 5 82 .. 2.9 .. 69 44 .. 0.03 .. 1.1 3.5 6.0 56 19 25 8 28 15 18.2 –2.3

.. 3.5 0 0.0 .. .. 27.0 128 0.9 13 43.4 1.3 .. 263

.. 6.0 1 0.1 7 0 27.9 100 1.1 65 39.4 11.7 .. 93

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 14 181 7.0 22.1

Cambodia
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 56 4.0 53 24 32 104 39.5 65 47 18 82 .. 115 3.4 35 16 .. 0.04 .. 3.7 8.8 –3.2 36 22 42 50 62 18 10.3 –3.4 .. 55 5.7 .. .. .. 116 .. 34 .. 25 73 .. 129 .. .. .. .. 0.05 .. 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. 6 13 8 .. ..

Low income
1.7 35 490 1,550 2006 6.8 59 3.3 43 40 44 82 28.4 78 87 38 89 1.6 104 1.4 .. 41 17 .. 0.04 .. 7.3 10.8 4.7 30 26 44 69 76 21 9.8 –1.7 86 .. 1.7 8 0.3 6 0 119.9 89 3.5 209 0.6 483 297.4 529

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 3.1 0 0.0 8 .. 22.4 .. 1.8 136 4.0 33 9.0 41

.. 3.2 1 0.0 16 0 91.1 100 2.6 227 1.6 149 121.0 396

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2008

49

Cameroon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 18 475 18.1 37.4 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 55 5.9 .. 16 58 139 .. 56 57 26 83 .. 245 .. 50 48 411 0.1 192 11.2 –6.1 1.6 25 29 46 20 17 18 14.3 –5.6 2000 5.6 51 5.0 139 26 60 151 .. 49 50 27 85 .. 223 0.4 61 50 400 0.2 171 10.1 4.2 2.8 22 36 42 23 20 17 14.1 0.1 2.1 40 990 2,060 2006 .. 50 4.4 122 29 63 149 15.1 73 58 41 84 5.4 212 1.0 .. 66 51 392 0.2 196 18.3 3.8 3.7 20 33 47 26 27 18 .. .. 37 .. 1.4 13 2.0 10 3 35.8 136 3.2 0.6 15.9 309 103 1.7

.. 1.5 0 0.0 11 3 30.5 81 6.4 0.9 20.2 –113 23 0.4

.. 1.3 1 0.3 8 1 33.0 100 10.1 1.2 21.3 159 11 0.4

50

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The Little Data Book

Canada
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 33 9,985 1,196.6 1,184.4 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.8 .. .. .. 8 .. 89 .. 101 99 .. 3,101 .. 100 100 7,535 15.0 16,106 582.7 0.2 3.2 3 31 66 26 26 21 21.2 –4.5 2000 7.2 79 1.5 16 .. 98 7 .. 95 .. 107 100 .. 3,101 1.6 100 100 8,098 19.0 16,986

High income
1.0 .. 36,650 36,280 2006 .. 80 1.5 14 .. 100 6 .. 94 .. 117 98 0.3 3,101 0.00 .. 100 100 8,417 20.0 17,285

724.9 1,271.6 5.2 2.8 4.1 2.3 2 .. 33 .. 65 .. 46 38 40 34 20 22 20.9 19.5 1.4 1.5 3 133.7 1.2 117 68.1 40 15 58.8 116 .. .. .. 69.1 .. ..

41.5 2.0 57 0.4 35 14 43.1 103 .. .. .. 7.6 .. ..

116.1 1.1 96 42.2 .. 19 71.9 100 .. .. .. 66.1 .. ..

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2008

51

Cape Verde
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 519 4.0 1.1 1.3 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 65 5.4 .. .. .. 60 .. 79 51 21 .. .. 580 .. .. .. .. 0.2 .. 339 0.7 2.3 14 21 64 13 44 23 .. .. 2000 4.4 69 3.9 97 53 89 42 .. 80 102 63 99 .. 820 7.3 80 41 .. 0.4 .. 531 6.6 –1.2 12 18 70 28 61 20 .. .. 2.3 .. 2,130 2,590 2006 .. 71 3.4 85 .. .. 34 .. 65 92 80 99 .. 840 –2.5 .. 80 43 .. 0.6 .. 1,144 6.1 7.0 9 17 74 20 55 39 .. .. 52 .. 0.7 35 5.7 .. 0 49.2 114 601 57.6 4.7 122.6 137 138

.. 1.7 2 0.0 78 .. 41.9 100 134 4.7 4.8 0.3 59 105

.. 1.3 17 1.8 69 1 45.4 100 326 12.6 6.8 33.4 87 94

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The Little Data Book

Cayman Islands
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 46 260 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 120 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 102 96 99 .. 120 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
2.2 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. 85 88 100 .. 120 0.00 .. .. .. .. 7.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.0
2008

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. –3.6

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53

Central African Republic
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.3 623 1.5 2.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 50 5.6 .. .. .. 173 .. 83 29 11 60 .. 232 .. 52 23 .. 0.1 .. 1.5 –2.1 2.3 48 20 33 15 28 12 .. .. 2000 .. 44 5.1 140 28 44 186 21.8 36 .. 12 .. .. 229 0.0 70 26 .. 0.1 .. 1.0 2.3 3.2 53 16 31 20 24 10 .. ..

Low income
1.7 .. 350 690 2006 .. 44 4.7 119 19 53 175 .. 35 24 .. .. 10.7 228 0.1 .. 75 27 .. 0.1 .. 1.5 4.1 3.8 56 15 29 14 22 9 8.1 –0.5 14 .. 1.1 3 0.3 .. 0 24.1 90 1.0 115 .. 24.3 .. 134

.. 1.5 0 0.0 .. 0 18.4 238 0.7 38 13.2 0.7 .. 249

.. 1.0 0 0.1 3 0 29.0 100 0.9 41 .. 0.9 .. 75

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2008

The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 10 1,284 4.7 12.3

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 51 6.6 191 8 16 205 29.4 28 22 11 56 .. 123 1.5 35 8 .. 0.01 .. 1.4 –0.9 5.3 42 11 46 17 35 23 .. ..

Chad
3.1 .. 450 1,170 2006 .. 51 6.3 169 3 14 209 33.9 23 31 15 61 3.5 119 0.6 .. 42 9 .. 0.01 .. 6.5 0.5 9.7 21 55 25 59 38 22 .. .. 75 .. 0.9 5 0.6 .. .. 76.4 .. 1.8 18 .. 700.0 .. 284

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 51 6.7 .. .. .. 201 .. 32 17 7 42 .. 131 .. 19 7 .. 0.02 .. 1.7 –4.2 8.0 29 18 53 13 28 7 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 1 .. 27.2 .. 0.5 30 4.4 9.4 1.0 311

.. 1.9 0 0.0 1 .. 36.1 .. 1.1 29 .. 114.8 .. 130

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2008

55

Channel Islands
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 149 190 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
0.2 .. .. .. 2006 .. 79 1.4 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 0.00 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 78 1.4 13 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

56

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 16 757 111.9 185.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.5 77 2.1 64 .. 100 11 .. 97 98 83 100 .. 158 1.4 94 90 1,684 3.9 2,488 75.8 4.5 4.6 6 38 55 32 30 22 21.6 –0.7

Chile
0.8 .. 6,810 11,300 2006 .. 78 2.0 60 .. 100 9 .. 91 123 91 98 0.3 161 –0.4 .. 95 91 1,815 3.9 3,074 145.8 4.0 11.7 4 48 48 45 31 20 25.9 7.7 27 119.7 3.6 96 25.3 .. 7 66.2 184 48 9.4 20.0 8.0 2.5 83

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

3.4 74 2.6 .. 56 .. 21 .. 97 .. 73 100 .. 153 .. 90 84 1,067 2.7 1,247 31.6 3.7 22.5 9 41 50 34 31 25 .. ..

43.1 4.2 7 0.0 14 5 51.1 114 19 3.4 25.9 0.7 1.0 104
2008

79.7 3.7 43 16.5 18 3 49.8 100 37 6.2 24.8 4.9 13.0 49

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57

China

East Asia & Pacific
1,312 9,598 2,621.0 6,119.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 1.9 4 87 97 37 6.8 85 .. 63 99 .. 1,770 22.4 76 41 875 2.6 993 0.6 .. 2,000 4,660 2006 4.3 72 1.8 7 .. 98 24 .. 93 .. 76 100 0.1 1,973 –1.5 .. 77 44 1,316 3.9 1,781

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) [See note in Glossary.] Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 69 2.1 .. 85 50 45 .. 98 101 49 87 .. 1,571 .. 70 23 760 2.1 511

354.6 1,198.5 2,644.7 3.8 8.4 10.7 5.7 2.1 3.6 27 15 12 42 46 48 31 39 40 19 23 40 16 21 32 36 35 45 6.3 7.1 9.6 .. –2.6 –1.6 35 91.7 1.9 63 10.4 82 30 66.6 82 323 173.4 2.5 78.1 23.3 1.2

0.5 2.7 1 0.0 .. 0 32.5 102 55 9.3 11.7 3.5 0.2 2.0

48.5 1.8 18 1.8 78 19 39.6 100 146 13.1 9.3 38.4 6.2 1.7

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 46 1,142 142.0 279.2

Colombia
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.6 71 2.6 79 77 86 26 4.9 75 92 69 104 .. 610 0.5 92 85 658 1.4 838 83.8 2.9 12.1 13 30 57 22 19 14 18.2 –7.0 3.4 68 3.0 .. 66 82 35 .. 82 67 50 108 .. 614 .. 92 82 710 1.7 827 40.3 6.0 26.1 17 38 45 21 15 19 .. ..

Lower middle income
1.4 .. 3,120 6,130 2006 2.9 73 2.3 67 78 96 21 5.1 88 105 82 104 0.6 607 0.1 .. 93 86 636 1.2 890 153.4 6.8 5.4 12 36 52 22 25 24 26.0 –3.9 42 36.6 3.5 83 14.7 .. 4 32.9 115 40 4.8 31.3 6.5 3.9 988

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

3.5 2.2 7 0.0 12 0 30.7 81 17 1.4 40.9 0.5 0.5 89
2008

11.4 3.4 23 2.1 14 8 29.3 100 34 2.9 27.7 2.4 1.6 187

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59

Comoros
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 614 1.9 406 698 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 56 5.8 .. .. .. 120 .. 87 32 18 71 .. 120 .. 93 32 .. 0.2 .. 250 5.1 2.2 41 8 50 14 37 20 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 61 4.3 62 26 62 84 25.0 70 48 24 84 .. 80 0.8 88 34 .. 0.2 .. 202 0.9 3.8 49 12 40 17 33 10 .. .. 2.2 .. 660 1,140 2006 .. 63 4.0 51 .. .. 68 .. 66 50 35 84 0.1 50 5.7 .. 86 33 .. 0.1 .. 403 0.5 2.7 45 12 38 12 36 10 .. .. 23 .. .. 5 3.4 .. .. 30.0 .. 282 22 .. 0.8 12 30

.. .. 1 0.0 69 .. 28.0 .. 188 12 2.3 0.4 10 45

.. .. 1 0.3 77 1 28.2 .. 237 28 .. 0.1 12 19

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Low income
61 2,345 7.7 16.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 44 6.7 230 31 61 205 33.6 46 39 18 73 .. 1,352 0.0 45 25 291 0.03 89 4.3 –6.9 515.8 50 20 30 22 21 3 3.7 –4.0 3.2 .. 130 270 2006 .. 46 6.3 224 .. .. 205 .. 73 .. .. .. 3.2 1,336 0.3 .. 46 30 289 0.04 91 8.5 5.1 13.1 46 28 27 29 41 16 .. .. 155 .. 0.0 7 0.3 2 .. 59.7 126 11 0.5 .. 180 .. 2.1 .. 46 6.7 .. 8 .. 205 .. 38 46 .. .. .. 1,405 .. 43 16 314 0.10 119 9.3 –6.6 109.0 31 29 40 30 29 9 10.1 –6.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. .. 0 0.0 .. .. 43.5 86 10 0.7 .. 23 .. 0.9
2008

.. 1.0 0 0.0 .. .. 35.3 100 12 3.4 .. 166 .. 0.2

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61

Congo, Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.7 342 3.8 8.7 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 57 5.3 .. .. .. 103 .. 75 59 46 85 .. 227 .. .. .. 436 0.5 169 2.8 1.0 –1.0 13 41 46 54 46 16 .. .. 2000 .. 53 4.8 128 .. .. 117 .. 34 55 34 84 .. 226 0.0 57 27 265 0.7 119 3.2 7.6 47.0 5 72 23 80 44 23 32.3 –1.3 2.2 .. 1,050 2,420 2006 .. 55 4.6 118 44 86 126 11.8 66 73 43 90 5.3 225 0.1 .. 58 27 332 1.0 160 7.4 6.4 15.2 4 73 22 91 46 24 .. .. 37 .. 1.1 14 1.9 5 .. 109.7 184 6.1 0.8 2.4 344 11.4 254

.. .. 1 0.0 10 .. 57.2 63 4.9 0.7 35.3 –14 4.0 217

.. 1.4 3 0.0 10 .. 91.7 100 4.9 1.1 1.6 166 10.0 33

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.4 51 21.9 40.6

Costa Rica
Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.1 78 2.4 81 80 98 14 .. 82 87 61 101 .. 24 2.4 97 92 842 1.4 1,518 15.9 1.8 7.0 9 32 58 49 46 17 .. .. 1.6 24 4,980 9,220 2006 4.1 79 2.1 73 96 99 12 .. 89 89 86 102 0.3 24 0.5 .. 97 92 883 1.5 1,719 22.2 8.2 10.1 9 29 62 50 56 27 24.1 1.2 77 8.7 .. 64 27.6 24 45 88.8 86 6.8 2.3 5.0 1.5 513 24 4.0 76 3.1 .. .. 98 18 .. 90 75 45 101 .. 26 .. .. .. 658 0.9 1,087 7.4 3.9 17.1 12 30 58 30 36 18 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.5 .. 9 0.0 15 0 46.4 75 3.8 0.4 23.9 0.2 12 227
2008

18.3 .. 28 5.8 22 52 76.7 100 4.5 1.0 8.0 0.4 136 11

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63

Côte d’Ivoire
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 19 322 16.6 29.8 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 6.7 53 6.5 .. .. .. 153 .. 56 41 21 65 .. 102 .. 69 21 345 0.4 150 10.8 –1.1 –4.5 32 23 44 32 27 7 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 5.2 47 5.3 143 15 63 136 18.2 73 39 22 69 .. 103 1.2 83 33 402 0.3 168 10.4 –3.7 –0.4 24 25 51 40 33 11 16.7 2.8 1.8 .. 880 1,580 2006 .. 48 4.6 112 13 57 127 .. 73 43 .. .. 7.1 104 –0.1 .. 84 37 422 0.3 170 17.6 0.9 5.6 23 26 51 51 41 10 17.4 –1.4 40 23.7 .. 23 1.6 8 42 78.2 135 14 2.0 1.4 315 164 251

5.1 1.3 1 0.0 9 .. 47.9 143 17 3.6 35.4 48 44 686

11.4 .. 4 0.2 10 2 64.1 100 12 1.0 22.6 235 119 351

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Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.4 57 41.3 61.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.3 73 1.4 16 69 100 8 .. 93 92 85 101 .. 21 .. 100 100 1,727 4.6 2,792 18.4 2.9 4.7 9 30 61 47 52 20 41.7 –6.2

Croatia
0.0 .. 9,310 13,850 2006 8.8 76 1.4 13 .. 100 6 .. 96 92 89 .. 0.1 21 –0.1 .. 100 100 2,000 5.3 3,475 42.9 4.8 3.4 7 32 61 48 57 33 40.0 –1.8 40 67.6 1.6 142 35.5 89 10 74.2 .. 37.5 5.6 33.1 3.4 1.2 200.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

10.3 72 1.6 .. .. 100 12 .. 90 .. 76 102 .. 21 .. 100 100 1,897 5.1 2,991 24.8 –21.1 99.3 11 36 53 78 86 14 33.0 –4.6

.. 7.4 17 0.0 .. 5 88.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0
2008

14.9 3.0 61 6.6 85 8 66.9 .. 12.4 0.9 31.9 1.1 0.6 65.6

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65

Cuba

Latin America & Caribbean
11 111 .. ..

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 77 1.6 57 73 100 9 .. 94 104 79 100 .. 24 21.5 91 98 1,032 2.3 1,136 .. 5.6 21.3 6 47 46 16 19 9 .. .. 0.1 .. .. .. 2006 .. 78 1.5 48 73 100 7 .. 96 92 94 100 0.1 27 –1.9 .. 91 98 906 2.3 1,152 .. 5.4 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 2.1 .. 12 .. 149 .. .. .. .. .. 78

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 75 1.7 .. .. .. 13 .. 94 92 94 106 .. 21 .. .. 98 1,587 3.0 1,212 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 3 0.0 51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52

.. .. 4 0.5 49 21 .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 44

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Cyprus
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 771 9.3 17.9 19.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 76 2.4 .. .. .. 12 .. 77 83 72 100 .. 1.6 .. 100 100 2,792 8.0 3,213 5.6 7.4 5.4 7 26 67 52 57 27 .. .. 2000 .. 78 1.6 10 .. .. 6 .. 86 98 92 102 .. 1.7 30.0 100 100 3,500 9.3 4,585 9.3 5.0 3.8 .. .. .. 42 46 18 36.5 –2.2

High income
1.8 .. 23,270 25,060 2006 .. 79 1.4 8 .. .. 4 .. 87 100 97 101 0.2 1.7 –0.5 .. 100 100 3,368 9.1 5,560 18.4 4.0 2.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.7 –1.1 .. 86.5 1.4 154 46.2 63 24 45.0 .. .. .. .. 1.5 172 60

22.2 5.0 43 0.0 60 6 62.9 .. .. .. .. 0.1 79 38
2008

46.7 2.0 95 17.3 61 2 51.5 .. .. .. .. 0.9 64 54

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67

Czech Republic
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 10 79 131.4 214.9 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) 11.9 71 1.9 .. 78 .. 13 .. .. .. 91 98 .. 26 .. 100 99 4,728 15.6 5,584 34.9 –11.6 36.2 6 49 45 45 43 25 .. ..

High income
0.4 .. 12,790 20,920 2006 .. 76 1.3 11 .. 100 4 .. 97 102 96 101 0.1 26 –0.05 .. 100 98 4,417 11.5 6,343 143.0 6.1 2.0 3 39 58 76 73 27 30.6 –4.3 17 34.0 1.7 147 34.5 100 14 131.7 .. .. .. .. 6.0 1.2 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 75 1.1 14 .. 100 5 2.1 98 100 88 101 .. 26 19.5 100 98 3,932 11.6 5,694 56.7 3.6 1.5 4 38 58 63 66 29 30.5 –3.6

.. .. 16 0.0 100 .. 83.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 14

19.4 2.0 80 9.7 100 8 107.7 .. .. .. .. 5.0 0.3 438

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Denmark
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.4 43 283.3 196.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 1.7 .. 78 .. 9 .. 84 95 109 101 .. 4.5 .. 100 .. 3,482 9.7 5,945 135.8 1.5 3.0 4 26 70 37 33 20 .. .. 2000 .. 77 1.8 7 .. .. 6 .. 99 101 127 102 .. 4.9 21.2 100 .. 3,627 8.7 6,484 160.1 3.5 3.0 3 27 71 47 41 21 36.5 1.7

High income
0.4 .. 52,110 36,190 2006 .. 78 1.9 6 .. .. 5 .. 99 99 124 102 0.2 5.0 –0.8 .. 100 .. 3,621 9.8 6,663 275.4 3.2 2.2 2 26 72 52 49 23 36.0 5.1 6 83.9 1.4 164 58.3 100 20 65.0 105 .. .. .. 3.3 869 ..

28.8 2.0 60 0.1 100 15 51.7 102 .. .. .. 1.1 464 ..
2008

67.3 1.5 135 39.2 100 21 60.5 100 .. .. .. 36.0 667 ..

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69

Djibouti

Middle East & North Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 819 23 864 1.8

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 53 4.8 30 9 .. 147 .. 50 28 14 71 .. 60 6.3 73 81 .. 0.5 .. 551 0.4 2.4 4 15 81 35 50 9 .. .. 1.8 .. 1,060 2,180 2006 .. 54 4.1 24 18 .. 130 .. 67 35 22 76 3.1 60 0.00 .. 73 82 .. 0.5 .. 769 4.9 3.5 4 16 80 40 57 30 .. .. 37 .. .. 7 1.3 .. .. 51.5 .. 464 19 6.4 108.3 28.5 117

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 51 6.1 .. .. .. 175 .. 85 32 11 71 .. 60 .. 72 79 .. 0.6 .. 452 –4.3 6.8 3 22 75 54 78 14 .. ..

.. 5.9 1 0.0 13 .. 53.1 .. 205 50 5.6 2.3 13.0 194

.. 4.1 1 0.2 45 .. 43.2 .. 262 11 6.2 3.3 .. 71

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 72 750 300 566

Dominica
Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 76 1.9 .. 50 100 17 .. 99 94 95 103 .. 470 .. 97 82 .. 1.4 .. 271 0.7 0.6 18 23 58 53 68 28 .. .. 0.5 .. 4,160 7,870 2006 .. .. .. .. .. 100 15 .. 99 96 106 101 .. 460 0.6 .. 97 84 .. 1.5 .. 319 4.0 2.0 19 24 58 42 65 29 .. .. 19 .. .. 88 36.1 .. 8 64.0 .. 269 22.0 14.1 34 4.6 19 .. 73 2.7 .. .. .. 17 .. 88 .. .. .. .. 500 .. .. .. .. 0.8 .. 166 5.3 3.0 25 19 56 55 81 41 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 16 0.0 46 0 104.0 .. 88 2.0 5.6 13 14.0 20
2008

.. .. 34 8.4 50 7 74.1 .. 167 19.0 7.4 18 3.0 15

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71

Dominican Republic
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.6 49 28.0 53.3 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
1.5 42 2,910 5,550 2006 4.1 72 2.8 109 61 96 29 .. 99 83 69 104 1.1 14 0.00 .. 95 78 777 2.1 1,000 31.8 10.7 7.6 12 26 62 33 40 20 17.9 –1.2 22 .. 0.5 57 20.8 .. .. 55.4 95 8.9 1.5 9.6 1.2 3.0 53

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 4.3 68 3.3 .. 56 93 65 8.4 96 .. .. .. .. 14 .. 84 52 567 1.3 383 7.1 –5.5 50.5 13 31 55 34 44 25 .. .. 2000 3.5 71 3.0 114 65 98 40 3.5 88 80 61 104 1.0 14 16.1 92 71 892 2.3 716 19.8 8.1 7.7 11 34 55 45 55 24 .. ..

.. 0.6 5 0.0 45 0 73.2 96 4.4 0.8 10.4 0.1 0.3 102

0.8 0.9 18 3.7 49 1 77.0 100 4.5 1.2 4.8 1.0 1.8 56

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 13 284 38.5 89.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.3 73 2.9 85 66 99 32 .. 84 98 57 100 .. 118 3.9 88 82 674 1.7 654 15.9 2.8 –7.0 11 35 55 37 31 20 .. ..

Ecuador
1.1 .. 2,910 6,810 2006 .. 75 2.6 83 73 75 24 6.2 97 106 65 100 0.3 109 1.6 .. 94 89 799 2.3 714 41.4 3.9 7.2 7 35 59 34 33 23 .. .. 65 9.8 2.3 78 11.7 15 8 59.7 110 17 1.4 24.1 271 2.9 189 .. 69 3.6 .. 53 .. 57 .. 60 .. 55 .. .. 138 .. 73 63 597 1.6 479 10.4 2.7 5.9 13 38 49 33 32 21 14.4 2.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

0.6 2.0 5 0.0 13 0 44.2 114 12 1.8 32.5 126 0.1 159
2008

4.4 1.7 14 1.5 19 6 54.2 100 14 0.8 26.0 720 1.3 146

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73

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 74 1,001 100.9 366.5 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

Lower middle income
1.8 17 1,360 4,940 2006 8.9 71 2.9 41 59 74 35 5.4 98 98 86 93 0.1 670 –2.8 .. 98 70 841 2.2 1,245 107.5 6.8 7.4 14 38 48 30 32 19 24.1 –5.8 9 87.0 2.7 39 8.1 81 1 31.9 127 29 1.6 4.9 10.0 5.3 0.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 8.6 62 4.3 .. 47 37 91 .. 86 .. 71 81 .. 440 2000 8.6 69 3.3 51 56 61 51 .. 98 98 85 92 .. 590

.. 3,794.4 94 97 54 65 578 683 1.4 2.1 690 1,011 43.1 5.7 18.4 19 29 52 20 33 29 17.7 –3.9 99.8 5.4 4.9 17 33 50 16 23 20 21.3 –3.3

4.1 4.7 3 0.0 72 0 36.8 101 33 4.5 20.4 0.7 4.3 5.4

28.8 3.2 10 0.7 78 0 18.7 100 29 4.1 8.5 1.2 2.9 1.3

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.8 21 18.1 37.9

El Salvador
Lower middle income
1.4 37 2,680 5,610 2006 .. 72 2.7 82 .. .. 25 .. 98 88 64 99 0.9 3.0 1.5 .. 84 62 694 0.9 666 18.7 4.2 4.9 11 29 60 27 47 16 17.2 –3.2 26 29.3 0.6 72 9.6 .. 3 59.7 95 9.1 1.2 13.1 203.6 3.3 157 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.8 70 3.0 90 60 .. 35 .. 97 88 54 96 .. 3.2 7.2 80 61 658 0.9 653 13.1 2.2 3.2 10 32 58 27 42 17 16.0 –4.7 2.4 66 3.7 .. 47 52 60 .. 98 58 25 102 .. 3.8 .. 67 51 496 0.5 368 4.8 4.8 4.7 17 27 55 19 31 14 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 2.3 2 0.0 14 0 38.4 84 2.1 0.2 15.3 1.9 0.4 347

15.5 0.9 22 1.1 20 6 60.1 100 4.5 1.6 6.6 173.4 1.8 180

The Little Data Book

2008

75

Equatorial Guinea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 496 28 4.2 8.2 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Upper middle income
2.4 .. 8,510 16,620 2006 .. 51 5.4 124 .. .. 206 .. 51 58 .. .. 3.2 16 0.9 .. 43 53 .. 11.5 .. 8,565 –5.6 19.4 3 94 3 95 50 42 .. .. 136 .. .. 22 1.6 .. .. 129.6 176 278 54 .. 1.7 .. 27

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 47 5.9 .. .. .. 170 .. 88 .. .. .. .. 19 .. .. .. .. 0.3 .. 132 3.3 –2.5 62 11 28 32 70 17 .. .. 2000 .. 49 5.7 131 .. 65 200 15.7 51 56 33 86 .. 17 0.4 43 52 .. 0.6 .. 1,254 13.5 46.6 10 86 4 99 85 61 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. .. 95.3 38 241 26 12.1 0.0 1.0 60

.. .. 3 0.2 .. .. 123.4 100 248 44 .. 0.1 .. 21

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.7 118 888 3.2

Eritrea
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 54 5.7 92 8 28 97 34.5 86 36 25 77 .. 16 10.7 54 8 .. 0.2 .. 634 –13.1 25.0 15 23 62 15 82 32 .. .. .. 49 6.2 .. .. .. 147 .. 18 .. .. .. .. 16 .. 43 7 .. .. .. 477 .. .. 31 12 57 11 45 8 .. ..

Low income
3.6 .. 190 680 2006 .. 57 5.1 75 .. .. 74 .. 95 48 31 72 2.4 16 0.3 .. 60 9 .. 0.2 .. 1,085 –1.0 12.0 17 23 60 8 50 19 .. .. 84 .. .. 2 2.1 .. .. 50.7 .. 799.9 18.6 .. 3.7 .. 129.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 0 0.0 19 .. 77.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 36.4 1 0.1 22 0 80.2 .. 311.1 13.1 3.1 27.9 3.0 175.8

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77

Estonia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 45 15.3 24.3 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 9.9 69 2.0 .. .. .. 16 .. .. .. 100 103 .. 22 .. 100 97 6,107 18.1 5,757 5.0 –7.1 33.7 17 50 34 60 54 30 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 6.6 71 1.3 26 .. 100 11 .. 93 91 92 100 .. 22 1.2 100 97 3,307 11.7 4,632 5.6 7.9 8.3 5 28 67 85 89 29 31.3 0.2 –0.3 .. 11,400 18,090 2006 6.8 73 1.5 22 .. 100 7 .. 96 106 100 100 1.3 23 –0.4 .. 100 97 3,786 14.0 5,567 16.4 11.4 6.1 3 29 68 80 90 38 31.8 3.6 7 36.3 1.4 164 56.6 23 13 138.6 .. .. .. .. 1.6 401.9 ..

.. 0.5 20 0.0 52 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. 15

32.8 1.4 79 28.6 20 30 157.9 .. .. .. .. 0.4 3.0 64

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 77 1,104 12.9 49.0

Ethiopia
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.1 50 6.0 114 8 6 151 42.0 52 22 13 65 .. 137 4.6 22 8 284 0.1 23 7.9 5.9 6.0 47 13 40 12 25 19 15.0 –7.9 2.6 44 170 630 2006 .. 52 5.3 97 15 6 123 34.6 63 49 27 81 1.4 130 1.0 .. 22 13 288 0.1 34 13.3 9.0 7.8 47 13 39 16 42 20 .. .. 16 .. 2.6 2 0.2 13 .. 42.1 99 2.3 114 6.8 364 172.0 1.9 .. 48 6.8 .. 4 .. 204 .. 38 26 13 68 .. 151 .. 23 3 296 0.1 21 12.1 2.7 3.3 54 11 35 6 9 13 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 6.5 0 0.0 15 .. 11.4 .. 8.6 145 39.0 12 5.0 1.0
2008

.. 7.9 0 0.0 12 0 22.1 100 5.5 79 12.9 135 53.0 0.7

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79

Faeroe Islands
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 48 1.4 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
0.0 .. .. .. 2006 .. 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 151 70.5 .. 1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80

2008

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 833 18 3.1 3.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 67 3.1 46 44 99 18 .. 85 100 80 103 .. 10.0 0.0 47 71 .. 1.1 .. 1.7 –1.7 –4.5 17 22 61 65 70 17 .. ..

Fiji
0.6 .. 3,720 4,450 2006 .. 69 2.8 34 .. .. 18 .. 99 98 86 102 0.1 10.0 –0.1 .. 47 72 .. 1.3 .. 3.1 3.6 3.4 15 26 59 55 73 19 25.2 –2.9 46 20.3 1.2 38 9.6 .. 2 79.1 103 237 111 1.0 157.1 165 56

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 67 3.4 .. .. .. 22 .. 84 .. 64 98 .. 9.8 .. .. 68 .. 1.1 .. 1.3 7.4 2.8 20 24 56 62 67 14 26.8 0.9

.. 2.3 6 0.0 45 12 93.6 142 403 12 12.0 91.9 22 50
2008

14.5 2.0 18 1.5 49 0 83.9 100 134 16 2.8 –1.7 24 29

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81

Finland
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.3 338 217.8 174.7 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 1.8 .. 77 .. 7 .. 97 102 116 109 .. 222 .. 100 100 5,851 10.3 12,487 139.6 0.1 5.8 6 33 60 23 24 29 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 9.6 78 1.7 10 .. 100 4 .. 96 97 124 105 .. 225 2.3 100 100 6,371 10.0 15,286 121.9 5.0 2.6 4 34 63 44 33 20 40.9 6.8 0.4 .. 41,360 33,170 2006 .. 79 1.8 10 .. .. 4 .. 97 100 111 102 0.1 225 –0.1 .. 100 100 6,664 12.6 16,120 210.7 5.5 1.3 3 32 65 44 38 21 38.3 3.9 14 126.0 1.4 144 55.5 65 22 69.3 .. .. .. .. 5.3 698 ..

16.3 1.5 59 0.4 61 8 38.4 .. .. .. .. 0.8 63 ..

241.0 1.3 127 37.2 62 27 66.1 .. .. .. .. 9.1 473 ..

82

2008

The Little Data Book

France
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 61 552 2,306.7 1,974.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.8 .. 81 .. 9 .. 71 99 98 102 .. 145 .. 100 .. 4,015 6.4 6,127 2000 .. 79 1.9 8 .. .. 6 .. 84 99 110 100 .. 154 22.4 100 .. 4,387 6.1 7,486

High income
0.6 .. 36,560 32,240 2006 .. 81 2.0 7 .. .. 4 .. 87 .. 114 100 0.4 156 –0.5 .. 100 .. 4,534 6.2 7,938

1,244.5 1,328.0 2,248.1 2.6 3.9 2.0 2.6 1.4 2.3 4 3 2 27 23 21 70 74 77 21 29 27 23 28 28 23 20 21 .. 42.8 43.0 .. –1.7 –2.3 7 108.0 2.4 140 49.1 100 21 45.6 102 .. .. .. 81 12.5 ..

25.2 3.4 50 0.1 .. 16 36.2 103 .. .. .. 13 4.0 ..

108.9 2.5 107 14.4 100 24 50.2 100 .. .. .. 42 8.6 ..

The Little Data Book

2008

83

French Polynesia
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 259 4.0 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.1 .. 100 98 .. 3.1 .. 3.2 2.2 0.8 1 .. .. 1 28 .. .. ..

High income
1.4 .. .. .. 2006 .. 74 2.3 36 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.1 0.00 .. 100 98 .. 2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 79 25.1 .. 12 .. 86 .. .. .. 30.7 600.7 580

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 73 2.5 49 .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.1 .. 100 98 .. 2.7 .. 3.4 4.0 1.0 5 .. .. 5 24 .. .. ..

.. .. 20 0.0 .. 0 32.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 260

.. .. 40 6.4 .. 11 34.6 100 .. .. .. 10.9 .. 403

84

2008

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 268 7.0 14.7

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 58 3.6 103 33 86 91 8.8 55 76 49 96 .. 218 0.1 86 36 1,304 1.2 914 5.1 –1.9 28.1 6 56 38 69 33 22 .. ..

Gabon
1.5 .. 5,360 11,180 2006 .. 57 3.1 85 .. .. 91 .. 55 .. .. .. 7.9 218 0.05 .. 88 36 1,333 1.1 999 9.5 1.2 7.9 5 61 34 65 24 23 .. .. 58 .. 1.2 61 6.2 10 32 76.8 179 4.4 434 5.3 268 6.9 31

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 61 4.7 .. .. .. 92 .. 76 58 .. .. .. 219 .. .. .. 1,354 6.5 951 6.0 5.2 15.4 7 43 50 46 31 22 .. ..

.. .. 2 0.0 8 .. 52.5 157 4.0 693 6.4 73 .. 131
2008

.. 1.8 13 1.3 10 7 71.0 100 3.9 377 9.9 –43 6.0 12

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85

Gambia, The
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.7 11 488 1.8 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 4.4 51 6.0 .. 12 44 153 .. 86 44 17 66 .. 4.4 .. .. .. .. 0.2 .. 317 3.6 12.0 29 13 58 60 72 22 19.4 0.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 4.0 57 5.3 120 10 55 132 15.4 85 53 33 82 .. 4.6 1.0 82 53 .. 0.2 .. 421 5.5 3.7 36 13 51 48 57 17 .. .. 2.8 61 290 1,110 2006 .. 59 4.8 106 .. 57 113 .. 95 63 45 102 2.4 4.7 –0.4 .. 82 53 .. 0.2 .. 511 4.5 4.1 33 13 54 45 65 24 .. .. 32 .. 0.5 27 3.6 19 1 51.9 80 725 18 12.4 82 64 74

.. 1.1 1 0.0 32 .. 69.1 100 369 16 22.2 14 10 97

.. 0.8 3 0.9 35 3 48.0 100 483 27 .. 44 14 49

86

2008

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Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.4 70 7.0 17.2

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.9 70 1.5 43 41 96 37 .. 73 101 79 99 .. 28 6.2 81 95 613 1.0 1,360 3.1 1.8 4.7 22 22 56 23 40 27 10.4 –1.6

Georgia
–0.9 55 1,580 3,880 2006 5.4 71 1.4 31 47 92 32 .. 95 85 85 103 0.2 28 0.00 .. 82 94 718 0.9 1,672 7.7 9.4 8.4 13 25 62 33 57 27 22.5 1.6 11 8.6 3.1 51 7.5 39 16 60.3 .. 2.0 111.4 8.8 1.1 485.3 360.6 .. 70 2.1 .. .. .. 46 .. 16 .. 95 98 .. 28

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 80 97 2,259 3.2 2,673 7.7 –14.8 22.4 32 33 35 40 46 31 .. ..

.. .. 10 0.0 94 .. .. .. 0.1 0.0 .. .. .. 0.2

0.8 0.6 15 0.5 93 11 33.8 .. 1.6 43.7 12.5 0.1 274.0 169.4

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2008

87

Germany
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 82 357 3,032.6 2,692.3 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 1.5 .. 75 .. 9 .. 75 .. 98 99 .. 107 .. 100 100 4,485 12.3 6,640

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 8.5 78 1.4 12 .. .. 5 .. 93 105 98 99 .. 111 44.0 100 100 4,180 9.7 6,680 –0.1 .. 36,810 32,680 2006 .. 79 1.3 10 .. 100 4 .. 94 95 100 99 0.1 111 –0.2 .. 100 100 4,180 9.8 7,111

1,714.5 1,900.2 2,896.9 5.3 3.2 2.8 3.4 –0.7 0.3 1 1 1 37 30 30 61 68 69 25 33 45 25 33 40 23 22 18 .. 30.3 28.9 .. 1.4 –1.4 18 56.5 1.3 168 46.9 .. 17 69.8 97 .. .. .. 43.4 6.7 ..

20.7 2.5 40 0.1 99 11 45.3 110 .. .. .. 3.0 4.9 ..

66.8 1.5 120 30.2 .. 18 55.2 100 .. .. .. 210.1 3.6 ..

88

2008

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 23 239 11.8 28.4

Ghana
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.6 58 4.6 77 22 44 113 .. 84 62 38 89 .. 61 3.2 70 18 392 0.3 302 5.0 3.7 27.2 35 25 39 49 67 24 18.1 –6.5 6.7 57 5.7 .. 13 40 120 .. 61 61 34 79 .. 74 .. 55 15 343 0.2 291 5.9 3.3 31.2 45 17 38 17 26 14 12.5 ..

Low income
2.1 29 510 1,240 2006 .. 60 3.9 58 17 50 120 .. 85 71 46 94 2.3 55 2.0 .. 75 18 397 0.3 266 12.9 6.2 14.6 37 25 37 39 64 32 23.8 –2.9 42 25.0 0.7 24 2.7 .. 0 71.3 132 3.2 1.1 4.9 435 105.3 1.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

1.2 0.5 0 0.0 20 2 35.7 100 3.7 0.3 38.1 15 6.0 0.6
2008

10.1 1.0 2 0.1 30 2 93.3 100 6.1 0.6 15.6 166 32.0 0.6

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89

Greece
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 132 305.3 344.1 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.4 .. .. .. 11 .. 76 99 94 99 .. 33 .. .. .. 2,183 7.1 3,233 108.1 0.0 20.7 8 26 66 15 25 23 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 6.7 78 1.3 11 .. .. 7 .. 88 .. 89 103 .. 36 13.4 .. .. 2,548 8.3 4,539 144.2 4.5 3.4 6 21 73 22 33 25 36.2 –3.2 0.4 .. 27,390 30,870 2006 .. 79 1.4 9 .. .. 4 .. 88 100 102 99 0.2 38 –0.9 .. .. .. 2,790 8.7 5,242 308.4 4.3 3.3 3 21 76 19 27 26 33.6 –4.5 38 67.5 3.2 155 18.4 .. 11 27.3 .. .. .. .. 5.4 1.5 ..

14.1 3.6 39 0.0 92 2 25.8 103 .. .. .. 1.0 1.8 ..

76.9 3.8 106 9.2 92 13 31.4 100 .. .. .. 1.1 2.2 ..

90

2008

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Greenland
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 57 410 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

–0.3 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 66.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2000 .. 66 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 65 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 30 0.0 .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

.. .. 75 31.7 .. 30 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

91

Grenada
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Latin America & Caribbean
108 340 495 934

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 3.2 55 54 100 26 .. 92 74 108 96 .. 40 .. 95 96 .. 2.0 .. 410 7.6 0.3 8 24 68 58 76 44 .. .. 1.5 .. 4,650 8,770 2006 .. .. 2.4 44 54 100 20 .. 98 93 100 99 .. 40 0.00 .. 95 96 .. 2.0 .. 525 0.7 2.6 7 29 64 33 76 63 .. .. 20 .. .. 68 .. .. 0 58.1 90 492 35 6.5 119 25 27

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. 54 .. 37 .. 85 .. 100 94 .. 40 .. .. 97 .. 1.3 .. 221 5.2 –1.4 13 18 69 42 63 38 .. ..

.. .. 16 0.0 55 0 59.7 .. 111 13 3.1 13 18 14

.. .. 35 4.1 61 30 70.1 100 201 22 6.0 37 22 17

92

2008

The Little Data Book

Guam
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 171 540 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

High income
1.5 .. .. .. 2006 .. 75 2.6 52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 260 0.00 .. 100 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2000 .. 74 2.8 64 .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 260 .. 100 99 .. 26.23 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 72 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 260 .. 100 99 .. 16.93 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 29 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

.. .. 65 16.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

93

Guatemala
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Latin America & Caribbean
13 109 33.7 66.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.5 68 4.8 118 43 41 53 17.7 88 58 38 89 .. 42 1.8 91 78 636 0.9 343 19.3 3.6 6.8 23 20 57 20 29 18 10.2 –1.8 2.5 56 2,590 5,120 2006 3.9 70 4.2 109 .. .. 41 .. 95 77 53 92 0.9 39 1.2 .. 95 86 628 1.0 522 35.3 4.5 6.3 22 19 59 16 31 19 10.7 –1.7 26 .. 0.4 65 10.1 .. 3 50.8 90 5.5 1.5 4.8 354 3.6 487

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

2.2 63 5.6 .. .. .. 82 .. 68 .. 23 .. .. 47 .. 79 58 503 0.6 223 7.7 3.1 40.5 26 20 54 21 25 14 7.9 –1.9

.. 1.5 2 0.0 25 0 36.8 115 2.8 0.4 13.6 48 0.1 201

1.2 0.8 14 0.7 35 8 38.8 100 3.9 1.2 8.4 230 0.6 263

94

2008

The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.2 246 3.7 10.4

Guinea
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 53 6.0 173 6 35 184 21.2 42 33 17 61 .. 69 0.7 49 17 .. 0.2 .. 3.1 1.9 11.1 20 33 47 24 28 20 12.0 –2.4 2.0 .. 400 1,130 2006 .. 56 5.5 153 9 38 161 22.5 67 64 35 74 1.5 67 0.6 .. 50 18 .. 0.2 .. 3.3 2.8 38.4 13 37 50 32 35 13 .. .. 41 .. 2.0 2 0.5 .. .. 57.3 204 3.3 229 19.9 108.0 42.0 164 .. 47 6.6 .. .. 31 235 .. 35 19 10 45 .. 74 .. 44 14 .. 0.2 .. 2.7 4.3 17.3 24 33 43 31 33 25 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 2.4 0 0.0 15 .. 52.3 122 2.5 172 20.0 17.9 27.0 292
2008

.. 1.5 1 0.1 17 0 41.1 100 3.4 335 20.4 9.9 1.0 153

The Little Data Book

95

Guinea-Bissau
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 1.6 36 307 761 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 42 7.1 .. .. .. 240 .. 53 .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. 0.2 .. 244 6.1 30.2 61 19 21 10 37 30 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 45 7.1 197 8 35 218 21.9 59 27 18 65 .. 21 1.1 58 34 .. 0.2 .. 215 7.5 3.3 56 13 31 32 52 11 .. .. 3.0 66 190 460 2006 .. 46 7.1 190 10 39 200 .. 60 .. .. .. 3.8 21 0.4 .. 59 35 .. 0.2 .. 304 4.2 –3.8 62 11 27 42 53 17 .. .. 233 .. 4.0 7 2.2 .. .. 60.8 .. 711 8.1 40.2 42.0 28.0 82

.. 2.1 1 0.0 8 .. 43.0 .. 692 56.5 31.1 2.0 1.0 126

.. 4.4 1 0.2 28 .. 56.2 .. 804 64.2 30.1 0.7 2.0 80

96

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 739 215 849 2.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.5 63 2.5 74 37 86 70 11.9 86 114 90 99 .. 151 0.7 83 69 .. 2.1 .. 713 –1.4 6.6 31 29 40 96 111 24 .. .. –0.1 .. 1,150 3,410 2006 .. 66 2.4 64 35 .. 62 .. 90 123 105 98 2.4 151 0.00 .. 83 70 .. 2.0 .. 896 4.8 7.9 31 25 44 88 124 26 .. .. 44 20.9 .. 53 21.6 .. 0 165.8 105 1.2 162 3.4 102.4 218.1 173

Guyana

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 62 2.6 .. 31 .. 88 .. 73 90 79 101 .. 151 .. .. .. .. 1.5 .. 397 –3.0 56.4 38 25 37 63 80 31 .. ..

.. 0.9 2 0.0 7 .. 143.2 .. 2.0 75 20.7 7.9 0.0 168

.. .. 15 6.8 7 2 150.3 100 1.4 119 9.7 67.1 27.0 107

The Little Data Book

2008

97

Haiti

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.4 28 4.0 10.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.4 58 4.2 56 28 24 109 13.9 55 .. .. .. .. 1.1 7.6 54 28 238 0.2 35 3.8 0.4 13.5 28 17 55 12 32 26 .. .. 1.6 .. 430 1,070 2006 .. 60 3.6 48 32 26 80 18.9 58 .. .. .. 2.2 1.1 0.7 .. 54 30 269 0.2 37 5.0 2.3 12.7 .. .. .. 14 43 29 .. .. 202 .. .. 7 6.9 .. .. 44.5 89 1.2 123 3.2 160.0 1.1 581

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 55 5.4 .. 10 23 152 .. 31 28 21 94 .. 1.2 .. 47 24 223 0.1 58 2.9 –0.1 14.1 .. .. .. 18 20 13 .. ..

.. .. 1 0.0 22 14 17.2 132 0.9 101 11.1 8.0 0.1 167

.. .. 1 0.2 24 .. 35.2 100 1.0 90 3.8 13.3 0.6 208

98

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.0 112 8.8 23.9

Honduras
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.3 68 4.0 107 62 56 40 12.5 98 .. .. .. .. 54 0.9 87 65 486 0.8 519 6.0 5.7 9.7 16 32 52 41 55 31 .. .. 2.8 66 5.1 .. 47 45 58 .. 90 64 33 106 .. 74 .. 84 50 494 0.5 373 3.0 0.1 21.2 22 26 51 37 40 23 .. ..

Lower middle income
2.0 51 1,270 3,420 2006 .. 70 3.4 95 65 67 27 8.6 91 89 76 109 1.5 46 3.0 .. 87 69 566 1.1 626 9.2 6.0 5.1 14 31 55 41 66 33 19.4 –1.3 21 .. 0.6 42 4.8 .. 1 79.6 83 4.1 533 5.1 385 2.4 587

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

1.3 .. 2 0.0 21 0 57.9 78 3.7 199 35.3 44 0.1 448
2008

8.8 0.6 7 1.2 20 0 70.9 100 5.4 374 12.9 282 0.4 449

The Little Data Book

99

Hong Kong, China
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.9 1.1 199.1 268.8 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 77 1.3 .. 86 .. .. .. .. 102 80 103 .. .. .. .. .. 1,869 4.6 4,178 76.9 1.9 9.6 0 24 75 131 122 27 .. ..

High income
0.6 .. 29,040 39,200 2006 .. 82 1.0 5 .. 100 .. .. .. .. 85 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2,653 5.5 5,878 189.8 6.8 –0.1 0 9 91 205 194 21 .. .. 11 903.6 .. 193 55.0 100 11 346.9 97 .. .. .. 42.9 297.0 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 81 1.0 6 .. 100 .. .. .. 108 81 96 .. .. .. .. .. 2,385 5.8 5,447 169.1 10.2 –5.6 0 13 87 143 139 27 .. ..

108.5 .. 46 0.0 100 0 217.4 100 .. .. .. .. .. 38.2

368.6 .. 141 27.8 100 23 246.4 100 .. .. .. 61.9 136.0 4.3

100

2008

The Little Data Book

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 10 93 109.5 170.8

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.5 71 1.3 23 .. 100 9 .. 99 98 96 100 .. 19 127.3 99 95 2,450 5.3 3,309 47.9 5.2 12.9 5 32 62 72 76 30 37.5 –2.7 –0.2 .. 10,870 16,970 2006 8.6 73 1.4 20 .. 100 7 .. 99 94 96 99 0.1 20 –0.6 .. 99 95 2,752 5.7 3,771 112.9 3.9 3.7 4 30 66 78 77 25 35.8 –8.6 16 37.1 1.2 132 34.8 .. 24 134.1 96 108 15.0 33.1 6.1 363.0 ..

Hungary
10.4 69 1.8 .. .. .. 17 2.3 99 89 79 100 .. 18 .. 99 .. 2,753 5.8 3,427 33.1 –3.5 25.7 15 39 46 31 29 25 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

1.5 2.8 10 0.0 44 0 61.5 111 21 2.9 34.3 0.6 .. 67

25.1 1.7 67 7.0 44 26 125.9 100 30 4.2 22.1 2.8 281.0 252

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2008

101

Iceland
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 302 103 15.1 10.2 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 2.3 .. .. .. 7 .. 99 .. 100 98 .. 250 .. 100 100 8,524 7.9 16,150 6.4 1.2 15.2 11 30 59 34 32 19 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 79 2.1 20 .. .. 3 .. 91 98 108 102 .. 380 0.1 100 100 11,544 7.7 26,221 8.7 4.3 3.6 9 26 65 34 41 23 33.4 2.7 1.7 .. 49,960 33,740 2006 .. 81 2.1 15 .. .. 3 .. 95 99 109 100 0.2 460 –4.1 .. 100 100 12,219 7.6 27,987 16.3 2.6 8.9 6 24 70 33 50 33 36.1 6.1 5 221.9 0.0 173 64.3 35 38 58.2 .. .. .. .. 4.0 87 ..

.. 0.0 55 0.0 20 10 51.3 .. .. .. .. 0.0 62 ..

51.2 0.0 146 44.5 30 12 51.8 .. .. .. .. 0.2 88 ..

102

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South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,110 3,287 909.1 2726.2

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 63 3.1 81 47 43 89 44.4 52 72 46 79 .. 676 51.2 82 28 452 1.1 402 460.2 4.0 3.5 23 26 50 13 14 25 11.9 –3.9

India
1.4 29 820 2,460 2006 8.1 64 2.5 63 56 47 76 43.5 59 85 54 91 0.9 677 –0.4 .. 86 33 491 1.2 480 911.8 9.2 5.9 18 28 55 23 26 34 12.7 –2.8 33 89.8 2.7 19 5.5 .. 5 32.4 105 153 12.0 7.7 17.5 25.4 1.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 59 3.8 .. 43 .. 115 .. 56 64 42 70 .. 639 .. 70 14 377 0.8 276 317.5 5.5 10.7 29 27 44 7 9 24 12.6 –3.4

12.2 3.2 1 0.0 47 2 13.1 85 84 8.5 31.9 0.2 2.4 1.4
2008

32.2 3.1 4 0.5 47 5 20.4 100 99 3.5 14.5 3.6 12.9 1.5

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103

Indonesia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 223 1,905 315.8 737.2 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 62 3.1 .. 50 32 91 29.8 58 94 45 93 .. 1,166 .. 72 46 579 1.2 161 114.4 9.0 7.7 19 39 41 25 24 31 18.8 0.4 2000 9.2 66 2.4 49 .. 64 48 24.8 72 95 55 96 .. 979 2.9 76 52 740 1.8 400 165.0 4.9 20.4 16 46 38 41 30 22 18.7 –0.3 1.1 17 1,420 3,310 2006 7.1 68 2.2 41 57 72 34 24.4 72 99 62 97 0.1 885 1.8 .. 77 55 814 1.7 509 364.8 5.5 13.6 13 47 40 31 26 25 18.4 –1.1 105 38.1 1.2 35 7.3 55 13 50.4 101 131 33 16.6 5.6 5.7 1.4

7.1 1.8 1 0.0 45 1 41.5 95 70 11 33.3 1.1 0.2 1.7

16.3 1.0 5 0.9 57 16 66.1 100 144 23 22.4 –4.6 1.2 1.7

104

2008

The Little Data Book

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Iran, Islamic Rep.
Lower middle income
70 1,745 205.0 686.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.1 69 2.3 33 74 90 44 .. 99 90 79 95 .. 111 56.7 94 83 1,856 5.5 1,586 101.3 5.1 26.4 14 37 50 23 17 33 23.4 1.8 1.5 .. 2,930 9,800 2006 6.5 71 2.1 21 .. .. 34 .. 99 101 81 105 0.2 111 0.00 .. 94 .. 2,352 6.4 2,117 217.9 4.6 11.0 10 45 45 42 34 34 36.2 3.3 47 17.4 4.8 51 25.7 .. 6 57.3 155 20.1 9.0 .. 901 1.0 121 5.2 65 4.8 .. 49 .. 72 .. 85 87 57 85 .. 111 .. 92 83 1,264 4.0 975 116.0 13.7 20.6 19 29 52 15 23 37 18.7 –1.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 2.9 4 0.0 .. .. 34.2 .. 9.0 7.2 3.2 –362 1.2 105
2008

7.3 5.4 16 1.0 65 2 42.1 100 8.0 3.0 10.7 39 0.5 130

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105

Iraq

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) .. 438 .. ..

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.2 121.3 .. .. .. .. .. 25.9 –4.3 47.4 5 84 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.2 –0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 62 5.9 .. 14 54 53 .. 75 58 44 78 .. 8.0 .. 83 81 1,029 2.6 1,231 48.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 4 0.0 78 .. 55.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

.. .. .. .. 84 .. 131.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

106

2008

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Ireland
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.3 70 191.3 148.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.1 .. 60 .. 9 .. 78 .. 100 104 .. 4.4 .. .. .. 2,957 8.7 3,776 47.9 8.5 –0.7 9 35 57 57 52 21 .. .. 2000 7.4 76 1.9 19 .. 100 7 .. 79 97 108 103 .. 6.1 2.3 .. .. 3,753 10.9 5,796 96.3 9.4 5.5 3 43 54 98 85 25 32.5 4.9

High income
2.6 .. 44,830 34,730 2006 .. 79 1.9 17 .. .. 5 .. 86 97 112 103 0.2 6.7 –2.8 .. .. .. 3,676 10.4 6,234 220.1 5.7 3.0 2 36 62 81 69 27 34.2 2.7 13 74.2 0.5 159 33.7 .. 34 83.5 94 .. .. .. –0.9 532 ..

.. 1.2 29 0.0 94 41 92.8 106 .. .. .. 0.6 286 ..

85.0 0.7 113 17.8 100 48 133.4 100 .. .. .. 25.5 252 ..

The Little Data Book

2008

107

Isle of Man
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 77 570 3.1 .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.2 9.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,564 5.3 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.9 .. 40,600 .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30 0.00 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2,916 5.9 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

108

2008

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Israel
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.0 22 142.2 168.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 2.8 .. 68 .. 12 .. 91 .. 88 105 .. 1.5 .. 100 .. 2,599 7.1 4,176 52.5 6.8 15.9 .. .. .. 35 45 25 .. .. 2000 5.7 79 3.0 17 .. .. 7 .. 97 104 92 100 .. 1.6 256.3 100 .. 3,057 10.2 6,372 121.0 8.7 1.3 .. .. .. 38 38 21 40.6 –2.1 1.8 .. 20,170 23,840 2006 .. 80 2.7 14 .. .. 5 .. 95 101 93 100 0.2 1.7 –0.7 .. 100 .. 2,816 10.5 6,759 140.5 5.1 2.3 .. .. .. 45 44 18 39.9 –1.6 34 123.4 8.4 162 26.9 100 14 68.7 94 .. .. .. 14.3 1.1 ..

6.3 12.4 35 0.1 100 10 55.0 89 .. .. .. 0.2 0.8 1.4
2008

53.0 8.0 117 20.2 100 25 57.1 100 .. .. .. 5.1 0.3 0.8

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109

Italy
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 59 301 1,882.5 1,704.9 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.3 .. .. .. 9 .. 43 105 83 100 .. 84 .. .. .. 2,609 6.9 4,145

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 6.5 80 1.2 7 .. .. 5 .. 73 100 93 98 .. 94 24.3 .. .. 3,040 7.5 5,299 0.4 .. 31,990 28,970 2006 .. 81 1.4 6 .. .. 4 .. 87 100 99 99 0.5 100 –1.2 .. .. .. 3,160 7.7 5,669

1,133.4 1,097.3 1,851.0 2.1 3.6 1.9 8.4 2.0 1.8 3 3 2 32 28 27 64 69 71 19 27 28 19 26 29 22 21 21 .. 37.2 37.2 .. –0.7 –3.3 13 55.5 1.7 165 49.0 .. 7 45.8 98 .. .. .. 38.9 2.6 ..

13.1 2.1 40 0.0 100 8 31.1 94 .. .. .. 6.4 5.1 ..

70.0 2.0 122 23.2 100 9 43.7 100 .. .. .. 13.2 1.9 ..

110

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.7 11 9.5 18.8

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.9 71 2.5 90 69 97 32 3.8 88 87 86 101 .. 3.4 4.4 93 79 1,514 4.0 2,321 8.0 0.6 11.5 7 31 62 43 54 27 33.2 –2.6 0.5 19 3,560 7,050 2006 5.3 71 2.3 80 .. 97 31 3.1 87 82 87 101 1.5 3.4 0.1 .. 93 80 1,445 4.0 2,474 10.0 2.5 6.3 6 33 61 46 63 33 39.2 0.3 8 122.5 0.6 118 46.4 74 0 76.1 192 8.0 1.2 11.9 882 1.9 36.7

Jamaica
5.8 71 2.9 .. 55 79 33 .. 74 91 65 102 .. 3.5 .. 92 75 1,231 3.3 879 4.6 4.2 25.1 .. .. .. 48 52 26 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

19.8 0.6 4 0.0 64 0 67.2 .. 4.8 0.3 26.9 138 0.2 270.6
2008

44.6 0.5 33 3.1 70 0 57.7 100 4.7 0.8 15.4 468 0.9 10.0

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Japan
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 128 378 4,934.7 4,195.9 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 79 1.5 .. 58 100 6 .. 73 100 97 101 .. 250 .. 100 100 3,598 8.7 6,496

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 81 1.4 4 56 .. 5 .. 96 .. 102 101 .. 249 20.6 100 100 4,158 9.5 7,992 0.0 .. 38,630 32,840 2006 .. 82 1.3 3 .. 100 4 .. 99 .. 102 100 0.1 249 0.02 .. 100 100 4,152 9.8 8,233

3,018.3 4,667.4 4,368.4 5.2 2.9 2.2 2.4 –1.7 –0.9 3 2 2 40 32 30 58 66 69 10 11 14 10 10 13 33 25 23 14.2 .. .. –1.2 .. .. 23 108.2 0.9 123 68.5 .. 22 28.1 92 .. .. .. –6.8 1.4 ..

96.7 0.9 45 0.0 69 24 17.3 77 .. .. .. 1.8 0.5 ..

67.6 1.0 101 30.0 77 28 18.4 100 .. .. .. 8.2 1.4 ..

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Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.5 89 14.7 26.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.7 71 3.8 32 56 100 30 3.6 94 97 89 101 .. 830 144.3 97 93 1,082 3.2 1,377 8.5 4.2 –0.4 2 26 72 42 68 22 25.1 –2.0 2.3 14 2,650 4,820 2006 .. 72 3.2 25 .. .. 25 .. 99 100 89 102 0.2 830 0.00 .. 97 93 1,311 3.1 1,676 14.1 5.7 5.8 3 30 67 55 92 27 31.7 –3.9 14 210.8 4.9 90 14.4 100 1 117.9 84 8.0 0.7 6.1 3.2 2.9 580

Jordan

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

5.9 68 5.4 .. 40 87 40 .. 87 98 63 101 .. 830 .. 97 93 1,103 3.2 1,050 4.0 1.0 11.4 8 28 64 62 93 32 26.1 –3.5

49.7 7.1 8 0.0 100 1 91.1 94 8.3 1.0 20.4 0.0 0.5 886
2008

58.4 5.5 21 2.7 100 8 76.7 100 7.4 0.7 12.6 0.8 1.8 552

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113

Kazakhstan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 15 2,725 59.2 133.2 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 9.5 68 2.7 .. .. .. 60 .. 89 .. 100 102 .. 34 .. 87 72 4,506 17.6 5,905 26.9 –11.0 96.4 27 45 29 74 75 32 .. .. 2000 8.1 66 1.8 33 66 99 43 3.8 99 94 93 102 .. 34 46.4 86 72 2,596 9.4 2,650 18.3 9.8 17.4 9 40 51 57 49 18 11.3 0.1 1.1 15 3,870 8,700 2006 .. 66 2.1 30 51 100 29 .. 99 104 95 99 0.1 33 0.2 .. 86 72 3,462 13.3 3,206 81.0 10.7 21.6 6 42 52 51 40 33 16.8 1.6 21 53.9 0.9 70 8.1 84 21 80.8 .. 74.1 12.6 33.7 6.1 187.5 172

.. .. 8 0.0 55 .. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.1 .. 112

7.3 0.8 14 0.7 87 4 75.7 .. 12.4 1.0 32.0 1.3 122.0 189

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 37 580 21.3 53.8

Kenya
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 52 5.0 104 39 44 117 17.5 75 .. 39 98 .. 36 7.6 57 43 481 0.3 110 12.7 0.6 6.1 32 17 51 22 30 17 19.7 2.0 3.4 59 5.8 .. 27 50 97 .. 78 .. 28 94 .. 37 .. 45 40 532 0.2 116 8.6 4.2 10.6 30 19 51 26 31 24 19.5 –2.8

Low income
2.6 .. 580 1,470 2006 .. 53 5.0 104 .. .. 121 .. 77 93 48 96 6.1 35 0.3 .. 61 43 484 0.3 138 22.8 6.1 7.1 27 19 54 26 36 19 19.8 1.5 44 49.9 1.6 19 7.6 14 3 47.2 91 6.5 574 6.5 51 1.1 0.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

5.3 2.9 1 0.0 13 4 37.9 70 7.1 934 35.4 57 0.1 1.2
2008

10.1 1.3 1 0.3 12 4 38.1 100 6.1 798 20.9 111 0.5 0.5

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Kiribati
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

East Asia & Pacific
100 810 124 624

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 62 3.8 .. 21 89 70 .. 80 99 99 122 .. 20 .. 62 36 .. 0.4 .. 49 1.9 –0.4 7 10 83 10 65 .. .. .. 1.2 .. 1,240 6,230 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 .. 61 125 88 107 .. 20 0.00 .. 65 40 .. 0.3 .. 71 5.8 2.2 7 7 86 15 119 .. .. .. 21 .. .. .. 2.0 .. .. 98.6 .. .. .. .. .. 7.0 –45

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 57 4.0 .. .. .. 88 .. 75 .. .. .. .. 20 .. 49 25 .. 0.3 .. 28 2.1 –4.7 19 8 74 12 147 93 .. ..

.. .. 2 0.0 .. .. 104.8 .. .. .. .. .. 5.0 20

.. .. 4 1.7 .. .. 88.9 .. .. .. .. .. 7.0 18

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Korea, Dem. Rep.
Low income
24 121 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 67 2.0 2 .. 97 55 17.8 78 .. .. .. .. 68 13.5 100 59 861 3.4 712 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. 2006 .. 67 1.9 1 .. 97 55 .. 96 .. .. .. 0.2 62 1.9 .. 100 59 898 3.4 817 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54.5 .. 70 2.4 .. 62 .. 55 .. 98 .. .. .. .. 82 .. 100 .. 1,632 12.1 1,247 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 2 0.0 6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.7
2008

.. .. 2 0.0 6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 73.3

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Korea, Rep.
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 48 99 856.6 1,113.0 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 71 1.6 .. 79 98 9 .. 93 97 90 99 .. 64 .. .. .. 2,178 5.6 2,373 263.8 9.2 10.5 9 42 49 28 29 38 16.8 1.7

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 7.9 76 1.5 3 .. 100 5 .. 95 95 98 98 .. 63 28.6 92 .. 4,045 9.2 5,264 511.7 8.5 0.7 5 41 54 41 38 31 23.3 4.6 0.3 .. 17,690 22,990 2006 .. 78 1.1 4 .. .. 5 .. 99 101 96 96 0.1 63 0.1 .. 92 .. 4,426 9.7 7,779 888.0 5.0 –0.4 3 40 57 43 42 30 23.3 0.7 17 94.1 2.7 139 70.5 77 32 71.5 73 .. .. .. 3.6 0.9 ..

42.1 3.6 31 0.0 72 18 51.1 133 .. .. .. 0.8 1.0 52

33.5 2.5 112 40.5 75 35 65.0 100 .. .. .. 9.3 0.7 –198

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Kuwait
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.6 18 77.7 122.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 75 3.5 .. .. .. 16 .. 66 .. 43 97 .. 30 .. .. .. 3,984 20.4 8,108 18.4 25.9 –1.7 1 52 47 45 58 18 58.7 3.7 2000 .. 77 2.6 17 .. 100 11 .. 99 96 94 103 .. 50 .. .. .. 9,320 37.7 13,378 37.7 4.7 20.5 0 59 40 56 30 11 45.3 1.4 2.5 .. 30,630 48,310 2006 .. 78 2.3 13 .. .. 11 .. 99 91 89 102 0.2 60 –4.7 .. .. .. 11,100 40.4 15,345 80.8 8.5 24.5 .. .. .. 68 30 20 37.2 8.2 35 161.0 4.8 114 31.4 85 .. 75.1 195 .. .. .. 109.6 .. ..

40.8 48.7 17 0.0 73 3 59.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.7
2008

55.1 7.1 43 6.8 81 1 70.5 100 .. .. .. 16.3 .. 2.8

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Kyrgyz Republic
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.2 200 2.6 9.3 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 10.6 68 3.7 .. .. .. 75 .. 94 .. 100 .. .. 8.4 .. 78 60 1,723 2.8 2,314 2.7 5.7 7.9 34 36 30 29 50 24 .. ..

Low income
0.9 43 500 1,790 2006 .. 68 2.4 31 48 98 41 .. 97 99 86 100 0.1 8.7 –0.3 .. 77 59 544 1.1 1,842 2.8 2.7 9.2 33 20 47 39 76 17 18.5 –0.6 21 3.3 3.1 19 5.7 .. 3 89.2 .. 2.4 107.9 5.7 182.0 481.2 311

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 8.7 69 2.4 34 .. 99 51 .. 98 95 84 101 .. 8.6 21.7 77 59 498 0.9 1,904 1.4 5.4 27.2 37 31 32 42 48 20 .. ..

.. 1.6 7 0.0 90 .. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. 24

0.3 2.9 8 1.0 91 18 77.3 .. 1.8 129.0 29.3 –2.4 9.0 215

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.8 237 2.9 10.0

Lao PDR
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.1 61 4.0 89 32 19 101 36.4 42 68 35 81 .. 165 1.6 50 29 .. 0.2 .. 1,735 5.8 25.1 53 23 25 30 34 21 .. .. 1.7 33 500 1,740 2006 .. 64 3.3 75 .. .. 75 .. 48 75 43 85 0.1 161 0.5 .. 51 30 .. 0.2 .. 3,437 7.6 4.7 42 32 26 36 42 32 .. .. 103 .. .. 13 0.4 .. .. 56.3 118 3.0 5.0 .. 187.4 1.0 364 9.6 55 6.1 .. .. .. 163 .. 32 46 23 76 .. 173 .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. 866 6.7 38.0 61 15 24 11 25 14 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 0 0.0 24 .. 30.5 .. 1.8 2.2 8.7 6.0 11.0 149
2008

.. 2.0 1 0.1 14 .. 49.8 100 2.5 7.1 7.9 33.9 1.0 282

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121

Latvia

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.3 65 18.5 33.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.9 70 1.2 19 .. 100 13 .. 97 97 90 101 .. 29 1.8 99 78 1,644 2.5 2,078 7.8 6.9 4.2 5 24 72 42 49 24 26.1 –2.2 –0.6 6 8,100 14,840 2006 6.8 71 1.4 15 .. 100 9 .. 95 92 99 99 0.8 29 –0.4 .. 99 78 2,050 3.1 2,702 20.1 11.9 11.1 4 21 75 44 64 38 27.0 –0.5 16 13.4 1.6 124 46.8 100 7 87.8 .. 22.8 10.5 33.3 1.7 482.1 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

10.3 69 2.0 .. .. .. 18 .. 95 .. 92 101 .. 28 .. 99 .. 2,916 5.4 3,387 7.4 –7.9 24.1 22 46 32 48 49 40 .. ..

.. .. 23 0.0 13 .. .. .. 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 .. 3.4

7.2 0.9 48 6.3 100 4 64.7 .. 4.9 2.8 17.4 0.4 72.0 91.0

122

2008

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Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.1 10 22.6 38.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 2.5 29 63 93 32 .. 90 91 76 102 .. 1.3 28.8 100 98 1,341 4.1 2,081 16.8 1.5 –2.6 7 24 69 14 37 20 16.4 –18.9

Lebanon
1.1 .. 5,580 9,600 2006 .. 72 2.2 25 58 98 30 .. 96 80 81 103 0.1 1.4 –0.8 .. 100 98 1,391 4.1 2,242 22.7 0.0 5.6 7 24 70 24 40 12 21.6 –8.5 46 36.4 4.1 44 23.4 .. 2 54.8 101 24.0 4.2 21.0 2.8 5.2 707 .. 69 3.1 .. .. .. 37 .. 61 .. .. .. .. 1.2 .. 100 .. 776 3.1 471 2.8 26.5 15.5 .. .. .. 18 100 18 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 7.6 13 0.0 95 .. 106.5 .. 1.8 1.4 .. 0.0 1.8 252
2008

9.4 4.3 35 8.0 85 2 41.3 100 9.9 2.5 25.5 1.0 1.6 199

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123

Lesotho

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.0 30 2.0 3.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 49 4.0 91 30 60 108 15.0 74 60 30 107 .. 70 1.0 79 37 .. .. .. 853 2.6 4.5 18 41 41 30 93 43 44.3 –2.6 0.7 .. 980 1,810 2006 .. 43 3.5 77 37 55 132 16.6 85 78 37 104 23.2 80 –3.2 .. 79 37 .. .. .. 1,494 7.2 4.2 16 43 40 51 99 33 50.0 4.1 73 .. 2.4 15 2.6 .. .. 144.5 81 670 0.1 4.0 78 361 72

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 59 4.9 .. 23 .. 101 .. 80 56 24 123 .. 50 .. .. 37 .. .. .. 615 6.4 8.7 24 33 43 17 122 53 39.4 –0.5

.. 4.5 1 0.0 18 .. 119.3 100 396 2.8 4.2 17 428 139

.. 3.6 2 0.2 18 0 120.6 100 672 4.0 11.3 118 252 37

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 3.6 111 469 935

Liberia
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 43 6.8 227 10 51 235 22.8 52 .. 32 73 .. 35 0.1 61 28 .. 0.1 .. 561 25.7 –1.3 72 12 16 21 26 5 .. .. 3.9 .. 130 260 2006 .. 45 6.8 220 .. .. 235 .. 94 63 .. .. .. 32 1.7 .. 61 27 .. 0.1 .. 631 7.8 12.4 66 16 18 28 72 16 .. .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. 99.0 .. 2.7 1.2 .. –82 .. 269 .. 43 6.9 .. .. .. 235 .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. 55 39 .. 0.2 .. 384 –51.0 –0.2 54 17 29 .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 7.4 0 0.0 6 .. 374.1 .. 1.8 0.4 .. 225 .. 114

.. 7.5 0 0.0 6 .. 177.8 .. 2.0 0.7 .. 21 .. 67

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2008

125

Libya

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.0 1,760 44.0 70.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 73 3.2 4 .. 99 22 .. 92 .. 108 103 .. 2.2 711.3 71 97 3,184 10.3 2,227 34.5 1.1 23.5 .. .. .. 35 15 13 .. .. 2.0 .. 7,290 11,630 2006 .. 74 2.8 3 .. .. 18 .. 98 .. 111 105 0.2 2.2 0.00 .. .. 97 3,218 10.3 3,299 50.3 5.6 14.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.5 73 3.9 .. .. 92.3 172 .. .. .. .. 16.0 37.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 68 4.7 .. .. .. 41 .. 89 .. 80 .. .. 2.2 .. 71 97 2,645 8.7 1,603 28.9 .. .. .. .. .. 40 31 19 .. ..

.. .. 5 0.0 52 .. 64.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.3

.. 3.1 12 0.2 57 .. 49.6 100 .. .. .. .. 9.0 13.8

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2008

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Liechtenstein
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 35 160 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

0.4 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. .. 98 112 92 .. 70 –1.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 140 63.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 70 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

127

Lithuania
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Europe & Central Asia
3.4 65 26.9 49.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.9 72 1.4 26 .. 100 11 .. 97 99 98 99 .. 20 1.7 .. .. 2,034 3.4 2,517 11.4 3.9 0.7 8 30 62 45 51 20 26.0 –2.8 –0.6 .. 7,930 14,550 2006 6.8 71 1.3 19 .. 100 8 .. 97 91 100 100 0.2 21 –0.5 .. .. .. 2,515 3.9 3,104 29.8 7.7 6.6 5 35 59 60 70 27 29.0 –0.2 26 34.2 1.2 162 31.9 78 8 112.3 .. 19.0 7.7 22.1 1.8 994.1 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

10.5 71 2.0 .. .. .. 13 .. 89 .. 92 .. .. 19 .. .. .. 4,377 6.6 4,023 10.5 –5.7 228.3 27 31 42 52 61 33 .. ..

.. .. 21 0.0 82 0 .. .. 0.1 0.0 .. 0.0 .. 4.0

13.9 1.4 49 6.4 91 4 81.2 .. 4.7 1.1 20.9 0.4 50.0 99.1

128

2008

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Luxembourg
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 462 2.6 32.9 28.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

1.1 .. 71,240 60,870 2006 .. 79 1.7 10 .. .. 4 .. 95 81 96 103 0.2 870 –0.1 .. 100 .. 10,457 24.9 15,971 41.5 6.2 5.9 0 15 85 177 149 18 37.9 0.9 26 191.8 0.8 208 73.4 100 12 119.4 .. .. .. .. 126.5 1.3 ..

2000 8.4 78 1.8 11 .. 100 6 .. 91 82 98 104 .. 870 .. 100 .. 8,409 18.8 15,425 20.3 8.4 2.0 1 18 81 150 129 23 39.8 5.5

.. 75 1.6 .. .. .. 9 .. 80 .. 75 .. .. 860 .. 100 .. 9,351 25.9 13,666 12.7 5.3 2.5 1 27 71 102 88 26 .. ..

82.9 0.8 48 0.0 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

167.8 0.6 126 22.8 100 17 97.0 .. .. .. .. 118.3 0.6 ..

2008

129

Macao, China
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 478 28 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 77 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 97 65 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.8 .. 3.0 9.8 9.7 .. .. .. 110 84 25 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 79 1.0 5 .. .. .. .. .. 97 79 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.7 .. 5.9 5.7 –1.0 0 16 90 104 67 12 20.7 1.7 0.9 .. .. .. 2006 .. 80 0.9 5 .. 100 .. .. .. 104 98 97 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.7 .. 14.2 16.6 6.0 0 19 85 92 58 34 25.6 10.2 .. 4.2 .. 170 41.9 100 1 50.2 94 .. .. .. 2.7 511.5 13.7

.. .. 26 0.0 100 2 108.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2

.. .. 72 13.6 100 1 81.6 100 .. .. .. 0.4 .. 0.7

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2008

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Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Macedonia, FYR
Lower middle income
2.0 26 6.3 16.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.7 73 1.6 28 .. .. 16 1.9 97 99 84 98 .. 9.1 .. .. .. 1,349 5.7 2,932 3.6 4.5 8.2 12 34 54 49 64 22 .. .. 0.1 22 3,070 7,850 2006 .. 74 1.5 22 14 98 17 1.2 94 97 84 99 0.1 9.1 0.00 .. .. .. 1,346 5.1 3,417 6.2 3.0 2.7 13 29 58 50 68 21 .. .. 15 17.7 2.0 94 13.2 .. 1 99.1 .. 2.7 302.6 15.7 350.5 266.6 199.8 .. 71 2.0 .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. 56 99 .. 9.1 .. .. .. 1,421 8.1 2,789 4.5 –6.2 93.7 9 44 47 26 36 19 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 15 0.0 59 .. 103.8 .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. ..

0.2 1.9 31 2.5 64 1 95.3 .. 1.5 55.1 7.9 174.5 81.0 251.1

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131

Madagascar
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 19 587 5.3 16.6 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 51 6.2 .. 17 57 168 35.5 47 35 17 98 .. 137 .. 40 14 .. 0.1 .. 3.1 3.1 11.5 29 13 59 17 28 17 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 4.9 56 5.5 152 19 46 137 .. 56 36 14 97 .. 130 4.4 45 27 .. 0.1 .. 3.9 4.8 7.2 29 14 57 31 38 15 11.7 –2.0 2.7 .. 280 870 2006 .. 59 4.9 136 27 51 115 36.8 59 57 24 96 0.5 128 0.4 .. 46 32 .. 0.2 .. 5.5 4.9 11.3 28 15 57 30 41 25 11.7 9.9 7 .. 1.0 6 0.6 .. 1 44.4 77 1.5 189 5.7 230 11.0 754

.. 1.2 0 0.0 15 8 31.5 81 3.7 225 45.5 22 8.0 397

.. 1.2 1 0.2 12 1 47.0 100 4.7 301 9.6 83 11.0 322

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 14 118 3.1 9.4

Malawi
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 46 6.2 160 31 56 155 21.5 73 66 31 93 .. 36 6.3 64 58 .. 0.1 .. 1.7 1.6 30.5 40 18 43 26 35 14 .. .. 2.6 .. 230 690 2006 7.0 48 5.7 140 42 54 120 18.4 85 55 29 100 14.1 34 0.9 .. 73 61 .. 0.1 .. 3.2 7.4 18.5 34 20 46 17 29 24 .. .. 37 18.6 .. 4 0.4 .. 11 55.3 84 0.9 64 .. 30 1.0 669 .. 49 6.9 .. 13 55 221 24.4 81 29 8 81 .. 39 .. 40 47 .. 0.1 .. 1.9 5.7 10.7 45 29 26 24 33 23 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 1.3 0 0.0 22 0 52.7 148 1.6 58 29.3 23 .. 500
2008

.. 0.7 1 0.1 .. 2 52.3 100 2.7 78 13.3 26 1.0 446

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Malaysia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 26 330 146.8 317.4 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 4.6 70 3.7 .. 50 .. 22 .. 70 92 57 101 .. 224 .. 98 .. 1,288 3.1 1,178 44.0 9.0 3.8 15 42 43 75 72 32 26.4 –2.9 2000 .. 73 3.0 15 .. 97 14 .. 88 92 65 103 .. 216 1.6 98 94 2,202 5.4 2,743 90.3 8.9 4.8 9 51 40 124 104 27 19.2 –3.1 1.8 .. 5,620 12,160 2006 .. 74 2.7 13 .. 98 12 .. 90 95 72 105 0.5 209 0.5 .. 99 94 2,389 7.0 3,262 150.7 5.9 4.1 9 50 41 117 100 21 .. .. 24 156.2 2.0 91 43.2 81 54 193.7 99 53 11.8 4.0 6.1 1.5 240

110.4 2.6 9 0.0 70 38 133.4 103 15 1.9 12.6 2.3 0.3 468

129.5 1.7 42 21.4 75 60 199.5 100 42 4.6 5.6 3.8 1.0 45

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South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 300 300 903 1.4

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 65 3.2 34 42 70 54 25.7 99 .. 55 101 .. 10 .. 87 58 .. 1.8 .. 624 4.4 1.5 .. .. .. 89 72 26 30.0 –5.0

Maldives
1.7 .. 3,010 4,740 2006 .. 68 2.7 24 39 84 30 .. 97 129 80 102 0.2 10 0.00 .. 83 59 .. 2.5 .. 927 23.5 0.1 .. .. .. 95 83 36 43.6 –7.7 9 .. .. 98 6.8 .. 0 124.2 119 459 93 4.9 13.9 2.3 39 .. 61 6.0 .. .. .. 111 .. 96 .. .. .. .. 10 .. 96 .. .. 0.7 .. 215 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.1 –7.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 3 0.0 .. .. 100.4 .. 78 14 4.8 5.6 2.0 21
2008

.. .. 12 2.2 .. 0 79.7 100 206 21 4.3 13.0 2.0 19

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Mali

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 12 1,240 5.5 11.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.1 51 6.9 202 8 41 224 30.1 49 33 19 68 1.8 131 10.9 45 43 .. 0.1 .. 2.4 3.2 5.6 42 21 38 27 39 25 13.4 –3.4 3.0 .. 460 1,000 2006 .. 54 6.6 183 .. .. 217 .. 86 49 28 74 1.7 126 0.7 .. 50 46 .. 0.1 .. 5.9 5.3 4.1 37 24 39 32 40 23 16.7 32.1 26 .. 2.2 13 0.6 18 4 54.7 107 1.4 17 5.6 185.0 177 825

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

6.9 48 7.4 .. .. .. 250 .. 43 10 8 57 .. 141 .. 34 36 .. 0.1 .. 2.4 –1.9 4.9 46 16 39 17 34 23 .. ..

.. 2.2 0 0.0 11 0 39.7 135 2.5 62 12.3 5.7 107 479

.. 2.4 0 0.1 12 15 55.8 100 3.0 134 12.8 82.4 73 359

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Malta
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 406 320 6.2 8.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 75 2.1 .. .. .. 11 .. 80 102 83 95 .. .. .. 100 .. 2,150 6.2 2,778 2.3 6.3 3.2 3 39 58 85 99 33 .. .. 2000 .. 78 1.7 16 .. .. 7 .. 74 107 89 100 .. .. 50.5 100 .. 2,013 5.4 4,313 3.9 6.3 10.2 .. .. .. 92 103 26 .. .. 0.6 .. 15,310 20,990 2006 .. 79 1.4 13 .. 100 6 .. 94 96 101 99 0.1 .. .. .. 100 .. 2,352 6.1 4,917 6.4 3.4 2.8 .. .. .. 88 92 20 38.0 –2.5 .. 70.6 0.6 135 31.5 88 57 104.2 85 .. .. .. 1.8 35 6.2

.. 0.9 36 0.0 .. 45 133.9 123 .. .. .. 0.0 58 5.3

52.6 0.7 82 13.1 88 72 150.7 100 .. .. .. 0.6 14 21.2

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137

Marshall Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 65 180 195 525 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
3.3 .. 2,980 8,040 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 .. 96 .. 76 100 .. .. .. .. 87 82 .. .. .. 155 3.0 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17 .. .. .. 3.4 .. .. 85.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 55.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. .. 5.9 .. .. .. 92 .. 52 .. .. .. .. .. .. 96 74 .. .. .. 69 7.0 0.7 15 14 71 .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 65 5.7 .. 34 95 68 .. 94 125 87 98 .. .. .. 87 81 .. .. .. 111 0.9 15.4 9 19 72 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 1 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3

.. .. 8 1.5 .. .. 57.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 57.2

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.0 1,031 2.3 6.0

Mauritania
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.2 61 5.0 99 8 57 125 30.4 62 53 19 95 .. 3.2 425.0 47 33 .. 1.0 .. 1.1 1.9 1.3 28 30 43 46 74 19 .. .. .. 58 5.8 .. 3 40 133 .. 38 29 14 71 .. 4.2 .. 38 31 .. 1.4 .. 1.0 –1.8 2.6 30 29 42 46 61 20 .. ..

Low income
2.7 46 760 1,970 2006 .. 64 4.5 88 .. .. 125 .. 62 47 22 102 0.7 2.7 2.9 .. 53 34 .. 0.9 .. 2.7 11.7 29.8 13 48 39 55 59 23 .. .. 65 .. 2.5 36 3.3 .. .. 85.0 170 1.6 229 .. –3.4 2.0 188

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 3.9 0 0.0 11 .. 84.1 97 2.1 238 29.8 6.7 14.0 236
2008

97.2 2.6 1 0.2 11 .. 62.0 100 2.4 251 27.7 40.1 2.0 211

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Mauritius
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 2.0 6.8 13.3 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 69 2.3 .. 75 91 23 .. 76 64 55 102 .. 390 .. 100 .. .. 1.4 .. 2.4 5.8 10.6 13 33 54 64 71 31 24.3 0.3 2000 .. 72 2.0 39 76 100 18 .. 84 105 78 98 .. 380 21.8 100 94 .. 2.3 .. 4.5 4.0 3.7 6 31 63 63 65 26 22.0 –1.1 0.8 .. 5,430 10,640 2006 .. 73 2.0 41 .. 99 14 .. 99 92 86 103 0.6 370 0.4 .. 100 94 .. 2.6 .. 6.3 3.5 4.1 6 27 68 60 67 25 21.5 –3.0 7 56.7 0.2 90 14.5 100 24 91.4 115 2.0 1.4 7.1 107 215.0 19

11.2 0.4 5 0.0 93 1 118.0 93 1.0 0.1 8.8 41 .. 88

29.8 0.2 39 7.3 97 1 81.7 100 1.7 0.8 18.1 266 177.0 20

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 187 374 .. ..

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 50 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 338

Mayotte
.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 82.0 61
2008

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 103

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141

Mexico

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 104 1,964 815.7 1,249.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.9 74 2.7 73 70 .. 39 6.0 96 99 72 99 .. 655 19.1 93 75 1,534 4.3 1,795 581.4 6.6 12.1 4 28 68 31 33 24 14.7 –1.2 1.1 18 7,830 11,990 2006 4.3 74 2.2 66 71 83 35 3.4 96 103 85 99 0.3 642 0.5 .. 97 79 1,712 4.3 1,899 839.2 4.8 4.5 4 27 69 32 33 22 .. .. 27 41.5 0.4 74 17.5 37 19 61.8 104 161 7.3 18.9 19.2 25.1 247

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

3.9 71 3.4 .. .. .. 53 13.9 75 86 53 97 .. 690 .. 82 58 1,494 5.0 1,295 262.7 5.1 28.1 8 28 64 19 20 23 15.3 –2.5

12.4 0.4 7 0.0 35 8 32.1 102 104 16.1 20.7 2.5 3.1 156

21.5 0.5 27 5.2 33 22 60.0 100 151 18.9 30.4 17.9 7.5 –56

142

2008

The Little Data Book

East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
111 700 264 672 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 67 4.3 39 45 88 47 .. 85 .. .. .. .. 630 .. 93 28 .. .. .. 216 8.4 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 66 5.0 .. .. .. 58 .. 81 .. .. .. .. 630 .. 88 29 .. .. .. 147 3.7 4.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Lower middle income
0.5 .. 2,390 6,070 2006 .. 68 3.8 28 .. .. 41 .. 83 .. 83 102 .. 630 0.00 .. 94 28 .. .. .. 245 –0.7 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 .. .. 24 14.5 .. .. 54.1 100 .. .. .. .. .. 108.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 3 0.0 16 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5

.. .. 9 3.7 18 .. 59.5 100 .. .. .. .. .. 101.5

The Little Data Book

2008

143

Moldova

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.8 34 3.6 10.2

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.1 67 1.6 46 62 .. 24 .. 87 90 83 99 .. 3.3 231.0 92 68 692 1.6 871 1.3 2.1 27.3 29 22 49 50 75 24 24.5 –1.5 –1.1 49 1,080 2,660 2006 .. 69 1.2 33 68 100 19 3.2 96 90 82 102 1.1 3.3 –0.2 .. 92 68 917 2.0 1,428 3.4 4.0 12.6 18 15 67 46 93 34 33.8 0.2 23 22.1 0.3 62 19.0 86 5 111.6 .. 2.4 821.6 12.2 242 1.2 228.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

6.9 67 2.3 .. .. .. 37 .. 92 .. 79 106 .. 3.2 .. .. .. 2,277 5.4 2,553 3.6 –2.4 13.5 36 37 27 48 51 25 .. ..

.. .. 11 0.0 87 .. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 17 .. 9.7

30.4 0.4 17 1.3 86 3 96.9 .. 1.7 488.6 18.1 128 0.2 122.6

144

2008

The Little Data Book

Monaco
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 33 2.0 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

0.3 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. 99 .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. 99 .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. 99 .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

.. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

145

Mongolia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.6 1,567 2.6 7.3 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 63 4.0 .. .. .. 109 .. 92 .. 82 109 .. 115 .. 63 .. .. 4.7 .. 2.1 –2.5 0.0 15 41 44 22 49 36 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 7.5 65 2.6 46 67 97 62 11.6 94 87 63 112 .. 107 1.3 62 59 .. 3.1 .. 1.1 0.5 26.1 33 20 47 56 71 29 .. .. 1.2 36 1,000 2,810 2006 .. 67 2.3 46 66 99 43 4.8 99 109 89 108 0.1 103 0.8 .. 62 59 .. 3.4 .. 3.1 8.6 23.1 22 42 36 65 60 35 .. .. 20 3.6 1.3 28 10.5 .. 2 96.7 162 1.4 50 2.2 344 181.4 203

.. 5.7 3 0.0 10 .. 75.7 .. 0.4 59 17.3 11 .. 13

3.4 2.2 11 1.3 4 0 105.7 100 0.9 13 6.1 54 12.0 217

146

2008

The Little Data Book

Europe & Central Asia
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 601 14 2.5 5.4

Montenegro
Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 75 1.8 20 .. .. 13 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 944 3.1 22.0 13 25 62 38 53 21 .. .. –1.1 .. 4,130 8,930 2006 .. 74 1.6 17 .. 99 10 .. 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2,491 16.2 2.6 8 18 75 48 81 32 .. .. 24 70.4 .. .. .. .. .. 97.4 .. 924.0 0.0 .. .. .. 95.9 .. 75 2.0 .. .. .. 16 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2008

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

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147

Morocco
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Middle East & North Africa
30 447 65.8 117.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.5 69 2.6 25 .. .. 54 .. 93 57 38 82 .. 43 43.4 79 69 350 1.2 489 37.1 1.8 –0.8 15 29 56 28 33 26 23.9 –4.9 1.2 .. 2,160 3,860 2006 .. 71 2.4 19 63 63 37 9.9 95 84 52 87 0.1 44 –0.1 .. 81 73 458 1.4 644 65.4 8.0 1.9 16 28 57 33 38 32 25.1 –1.8 12 75.5 3.7 57 20.0 62 10 55.5 86 18 1.8 12.2 2.7 5.5 1.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

6.6 64 4.0 .. 42 31 89 8.1 79 48 36 70 .. 43 .. 75 56 278 1.0 369 25.8 4.0 5.5 18 33 48 26 32 25 .. ..

3.7 5.0 2 0.0 49 0 43.3 85 25 0.4 21.5 0.2 2.0 1.0

29.4 4.2 13 0.7 56 11 51.2 100 21 1.6 21.0 0.2 2.2 0.4

148

2008

The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 21 799 6.5 13.9

Mozambique
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.4 45 5.7 153 .. .. 178 .. 71 16 6 75 .. 195 0.6 42 27 476 0.1 122 4.2 1.1 12.0 23 23 54 18 37 31 .. .. .. 44 6.2 .. .. .. 235 .. 59 26 7 71 .. 200 .. 36 20 532 0.1 40 2.5 1.0 34.1 37 18 44 8 36 22 .. ..

Low income
2.1 54 310 660 2006 .. 42 5.2 155 17 .. 138 .. 77 42 16 85 16.1 193 0.3 .. 43 32 497 0.1 450 6.8 8.0 6.0 28 26 46 41 47 19 .. .. 29 .. 0.0 11 0.9 .. 2 76.2 131 3.3 744 1.9 153.7 80 1.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 0.0 0 0.0 17 .. 40.8 175 4.6 345 26.2 9.2 70 1.0

.. 0.0 1 0.1 19 9 35.8 100 7.3 578 12.5 139.2 37 0.9

The Little Data Book

2008

149

Myanmar
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 48 677 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 59 3.4 .. 17 .. 130 .. 90 .. 23 97 .. 392 .. 57 24 266 0.1 45 .. 2.8 18.5 57 11 32 3 5 13 10.5 ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 60 2.4 21 37 57 110 30.1 84 81 39 102 .. 346 3.8 71 58 274 0.2 77 .. 9.8 6.1 57 10 33 0 1 12 5.3 .. 0.9 .. .. .. 2006 .. 62 2.1 17 .. .. 104 .. 78 95 49 101 1.3 322 1.3 .. 78 77 307 0.2 82 .. 5.0 17.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.0 –1.8 .. .. .. 1 0.2 .. .. .. 111 6.8 1.6 1.7 279 116.4 147

.. 3.4 0 0.0 11 0 .. 252 4.7 0.2 18.4 163 6.0 161

.. 2.3 1 0.0 11 .. .. 100 5.9 0.7 3.9 258 104.0 106

150

2008

The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.0 824 6.6 9.8

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 54 3.9 79 44 76 69 20.3 69 82 57 103 .. 80 4.8 80 25 549 0.93 1,270 3.4 3.5 10.7 11 28 61 46 51 20 32.8 –3.0

Namibia
1.3 .. 3,210 4,770 2006 .. 52 3.3 61 .. .. 61 .. 63 76 57 104 19.6 77 0.9 .. 87 25 683 1.24 1,428 6.6 2.9 9.1 11 31 58 54 55 29 .. .. 99 8.3 2.9 31 4.0 .. 7 84.8 127 .. .. .. .. 16.9 145 .. 62 5.7 .. 29 68 86 .. 57 .. 45 106 .. 88

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 57 24 0 0.01 1,047 2.4 2.5 4.3 12 38 50 52 67 34 31.3 –2.6

0.7 5.8 4 0.0 11 .. 95.6 93 .. .. .. .. 13.0 120
2008

9.1 2.7 10 1.6 13 2 84.1 100 .. .. .. .. 9.0 152

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151

Nepal
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 28 147 8.8 27.8 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 54 5.1 .. 23 7 142 .. 57 51 34 59 .. 48 .. 70 11 304 0.03 35 3.6 4.5 10.9 52 16 32 11 22 18 8.4 ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 61 4.0 124 37 12 86 43.0 71 66 35 77 .. 39 5.1 85 28 334 0.13 58 5.5 6.1 4.6 41 22 37 23 32 24 10.6 .. 2.0 31 320 1,010 2006 .. 63 3.1 116 48 19 59 38.8 85 76 43 93 0.5 36 1.9 .. 90 35 338 0.11 70 8.9 2.8 6.7 34 16 49 14 32 26 10.9 –1.6 31 20.2 1.9 6 0.9 57 .. 32.0 79 3.4 81 5.1 –6.6 1.5 514

.. 1.1 0 0.0 38 0 24.1 .. 1.6 24 15.2 5.9 0.0 423

14.4 1.0 1 0.2 31 0 43.3 100 2.9 29 6.9 –0.5 0.1 387

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Netherlands
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 16 42 703.5 620.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.6 .. 76 .. 9 .. 94 .. 120 97 .. 3.5 .. 100 100 4,464 9.4 5,218 294.9 4.2 1.6 4 29 66 56 53 23 .. .. 2000 7.6 78 1.7 5 75 100 6 .. 96 97 123 97 .. 3.6 72.2 100 100 4,764 8.9 6,560 385.1 3.9 4.1 3 25 72 70 65 22 40.7 2.0

High income
0.1 .. 43,050 37,940 2006 .. 80 1.7 5 .. .. 5 .. 96 .. 118 98 0.2 3.7 –0.4 .. 100 100 5,015 8.7 6,988 662.3 2.9 1.5 2 25 73 74 66 20 42.2 0.5 10 117.7 1.5 144 89.0 .. 28 132.7 101 .. .. .. 7.2 2.4 ..

40.7 2.5 47 0.3 88 16 87.5 101 .. .. .. 10.7 0.7 ..

166.3 1.6 130 44.0 90 35 117.2 100 .. .. .. 63.1 1.2 ..

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2008

153

Netherlands Antilles
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 189 800 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 93 .. .. 10 .. .. .. 7,832 6.3 3,557 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
1.3 .. .. .. 2006 .. 75 1.9 31 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 0.00 .. .. .. 8,890 22.2 5,172 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 141 .. .. .. 73.5 8.1 21

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 75 2.1 39 .. .. .. .. .. 108 87 101 .. 10 .. .. .. 7,688 18.2 5,402 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 25 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.1 5.0 58

.. .. 60 1.1 .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. –12.7 12.0 177

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New Caledonia
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 238 19 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.2 .. .. .. .. 9.6 .. 2.5 3.6 –4.6 4 23 73 18 35 31 .. .. 2000 .. 73 2.6 30 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.2 .. .. .. .. 10.6 .. 2.7 2.1 –0.6 .. .. .. 13 33 .. .. .. 1.5 .. .. .. 2006 .. 75 2.3 27 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.2 0.00 .. .. .. .. 11.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 81 33.6 .. 1 .. 169 .. .. .. 749.1 535.1 524

.. .. 17 0.0 .. .. 52.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 302
2008

.. .. 47 14.1 .. 1 57.0 100 .. .. .. 59.1 .. 350

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155

New Zealand
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.2 268 112.0 107.7 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.2 .. .. .. 11 .. 90 98 90 100 .. 77 .. 97 .. 3,990 6.6 8,298 43.9 0.0 2.5 7 28 65 27 27 20 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 79 2.0 29 .. 97 8 .. 85 .. 112 103 .. 82 0.6 .. .. 4,654 8.4 9,076 52.7 2.1 3.5 9 25 66 35 34 22 34.2 1.7 1.2 .. 26,750 25,750 2006 .. 80 2.1 23 .. .. 6 .. 82 .. 121 104 0.1 83 –0.5 .. .. .. 4,090 7.7 9,656 104.5 1.9 1.3 .. .. .. 28 30 25 39.6 4.7 12 43.0 1.0 127 76.5 65 11 46.8 112 .. .. .. 7.9 650 ..

20.1 1.8 44 0.0 57 4 43.0 105 .. .. .. 1.7 762 ..

35.8 1.2 87 39.3 63 10 51.6 100 .. .. .. 3.9 452 ..

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.5 130 5.2 15.1

Nicaragua
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.6 70 3.2 125 69 67 43 7.8 86 66 53 105 .. 55 0.7 76 46 538 0.7 337 3.9 4.1 8.6 21 28 51 24 51 30 15.1 –3.6 .. 64 4.7 .. .. .. 68 .. 82 44 42 109 .. 65 .. 70 45 512 0.6 295 1.0 –0.1 5,018.1 .. .. .. 25 46 19 30.0 –34.2

Lower middle income
1.3 .. 930 2,720 2006 .. 72 2.8 114 .. .. 36 .. 99 73 66 102 0.2 52 1.5 .. 79 47 611 0.7 414 5.3 3.7 10.6 20 30 51 31 61 29 18.8 0.1 39 .. 0.7 38 2.8 .. 7 75.8 79 4.4 0.6 4.1 282.3 655.5 733

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 102.9 1 0.0 11 0 95.9 155 10.7 2.4 3.9 0.7 0.0 330

.. 0.8 5 1.0 11 5 62.2 100 6.9 0.9 19.7 266.9 320.0 561

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2008

157

Niger

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 14 1,267 3.7 8.6

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 53 7.5 224 14 16 270 43.6 34 18 7 66 .. 13 62.3 44 11 .. 0.1 .. 1.8 –1.4 4.5 38 18 44 18 26 11 .. .. 3.5 .. 270 630 2006 .. 56 7.0 201 11 18 253 39.9 47 33 11 70 1.1 13 2.8 .. 46 13 .. 0.1 .. 3.7 4.8 1.0 .. .. .. 15 24 18 .. .. 23 .. 1.1 3 0.3 21 11 40.7 164 0.8 49 5.9 20.5 66 401

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

7.5 47 7.9 .. 4 15 320 41.0 25 15 7 53 .. 19 .. 39 7 .. 0.1 .. 2.5 –1.3 –1.6 35 16 49 15 22 8 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 29 .. 27.0 165 1.7 154 17.4 40.8 14 388

.. 1.1 0 0.0 26 15 37.7 100 1.7 72 7.7 8.4 14 208

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 145 924 90.0 203.7

Nigeria
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 47 6.0 158 15 42 207 .. 35 .. 23 81 .. 131 3.6 49 42 715 0.7 73 46.0 5.4 38.2 26 53 21 54 32 20 .. .. 2.4 .. 620 1,410 2006 .. 47 5.4 131 .. .. 191 .. 62 76 32 83 3.9 111 2.9 .. 48 44 734 0.8 127 115.3 5.2 7.9 23 57 20 56 35 22 .. .. 34 28.5 0.7 24 5.5 15 .. 64.0 161 7.7 3.9 15.8 5.4 3.3 11.4 .. 47 6.7 .. 6 33 230 35.1 54 .. 24 77 .. 172 .. 49 39 751 0.5 88 28.5 8.2 7.2 33 41 26 43 29 15 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

4.8 0.9 0 0.0 30 0 67.5 89 33.4 1.5 22.6 0.6 0.0 0.3
2008

9.2 0.8 0 0.1 31 0 64.6 100 31.4 1.1 8.2 1.1 1.4 0.2

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159

Northern Mariana Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 82 460 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 350 .. 98 84 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 340 .. 99 93 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Upper middle income
2.2 .. .. .. 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 330 0.4 .. 99 95 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2

160

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Norway
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.7 324 318.9 233.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 77 1.9 .. 74 100 9 .. 87 100 103 102 .. 91 .. 100 .. 5,072 7.8 23,354 117.6 1.9 3.8 3 34 63 40 34 23 .. .. 2000 9.6 79 1.9 11 .. .. 5 .. 88 98 116 101 .. 93 0.6 100 .. 5,747 9.9 24,994 168.3 3.3 15.7 2 42 56 47 29 20 48.4 15.7 0.8 .. 68,440 50,070 2006 .. 80 1.9 9 .. .. 4 .. 91 99 113 101 0.1 94 –0.2 .. 100 .. 6,948 19.1 25,137 334.9 2.9 7.4 2 45 54 46 29 22 50.4 17.9 10 83.9 1.5 152 87.4 .. 19 55.4 139 .. .. .. 4.7 524 ..

22.2 2.9 55 0.7 69 12 52.1 67 .. .. .. 1.0 158 ..
2008

38.6 1.7 125 26.7 76 17 56.1 100 .. .. .. 7.0 246 ..

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161

Oman

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.5 310 27.9 49.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 74 4.3 26 32 95 15 13.1 99 81 78 98 .. 20 136.0 82 88 4,026 9.2 3,140 19.9 5.4 20.0 2 57 41 59 31 12 23.9 –4.4 1.6 .. 11,120 19,740 2006 .. 76 3.1 11 .. 98 12 .. 96 94 89 98 0.2 20 0.00 .. .. .. 5,570 12.5 3,757 30.8 5.7 17.8 2 55 43 63 36 18 .. .. 34 49.5 11.8 82 12.5 .. 1 89.2 182 4.8 2.0 1.3 952 39 35

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 70 6.5 .. 9 .. 32 .. 98 65 45 89 .. 20 .. 80 83 2,475 5.6 2,150 11.7 –0.1 24.8 3 54 43 47 28 12 35.0 –0.3

8.5 16.5 6 0.0 21 2 71.1 .. 2.7 0.3 12.3 142 39 61

17.4 10.6 16 3.7 30 3 82.8 100 6.6 1.3 7.2 82 39 45

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South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 159 796 126.7 382.8

Pakistan
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.4 63 4.7 41 28 23 108 31.3 56 .. .. .. .. 21 323.3 89 52 463 0.8 374 74.0 4.3 24.9 26 23 51 13 15 17 13.9 –4.1 8.1 59 5.8 .. 15 19 130 39.0 50 .. 25 .. .. 25 .. 83 37 402 0.6 277 40.0 4.5 6.5 26 25 49 16 23 19 19.1 –2.5

Low income
2.1 .. 800 2,410 2006 9.1 65 3.9 33 .. 31 97 .. 80 62 30 78 0.1 19 1.9 .. 91 59 490 0.8 456 126.8 6.9 9.3 19 27 53 15 23 22 13.5 –4.2 24 35.9 3.8 25 7.5 65 1 36.9 76 36 1.2 8.6 4.3 5.1 2.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

7.1 6.8 1 0.0 54 0 32.6 109 21 3.2 21.3 0.2 2.0 1.1
2008

8.9 4.0 2 0.2 56 0 26.9 100 33 1.5 25.2 0.3 1.1 0.7

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163

Palau

East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 20 460 161 290

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. 17 100 14 .. 83 99 86 100 .. 400 .. 84 79 .. .. .. 120 0.3 5.3 4 15 80 10 106 .. .. .. 0.5 .. 7,990 14,340 2006 .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. 98 119 102 102 .. 400 –0.3 .. 85 80 .. 11.9 .. 157 5.7 2.8 3 19 77 72 82 .. .. .. 28 .. .. 78 27.0 .. .. 75.0 117 .. .. .. .. .. 37.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. 47 99 21 .. 98 .. .. .. .. 380 .. 80 67 .. .. .. 77 –6.4 5.0 26 13 59 20 39 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. 112.8 100 .. .. .. .. .. 39.1

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.3 76 16.4 28.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.4 74 2.7 91 .. 90 26 .. 97 94 67 100 .. 43 0.6 90 72 875 1.9 1,301 11.6 2.7 –1.2 7 19 74 73 70 24 23.1 –0.8 1.7 .. 5,000 8,690 2006 .. 75 2.6 84 .. 91 23 .. 94 94 70 101 0.9 43 0.1 .. 90 73 804 1.8 1,500 17.1 8.1 2.1 8 19 73 73 71 20 .. .. 19 33.4 .. 67 6.7 .. 0 34.6 91 10.0 0.5 24.7 2.6 149 30

Panama
2.1 72 3.0 .. .. .. 34 .. 73 86 62 .. .. 44 .. 90 71 618 1.3 854

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.3 8.1 0.6 10 15 75 87 79 17 25.6 2.0

3.4 1.4 9 0.0 32 0 35.4 69 6.5 2.4 6.2 0.1 110 99
2008

24.0 1.0 28 3.6 35 0 36.5 100 7.0 0.5 9.7 0.6 16 16

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165

Papua New Guinea
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.2 463 4.6 10.1 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 55 4.8 .. .. .. 94 .. 67 51 12 80 .. 315 .. 39 44 .. 0.6 .. 3.2 –3.0 4.1 32 34 45 41 49 24 25.2 –2.2

Low income
2.2 .. 740 1,630 2006 .. 57 3.9 55 .. 42 73 .. 65 .. .. .. 1.8 294 0.5 .. 39 44 .. 0.4 .. 5.7 2.6 9.7 42 39 19 .. .. .. .. .. 56 117.3 0.5 2 1.8 .. .. 112.7 160 1.7 167 10.8 32 13.3 279

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 57 4.4 78 .. 41 80 .. 62 .. .. .. .. 301 .. 39 44 .. 0.5 .. 3.4 –1.2 9.7 28 44 28 72 63 16 24.8 –1.9

.. 2.1 1 0.0 3 0 73.6 .. 2.6 72 37.2 155 5.0 412

49.6 0.9 1 0.8 4 19 94.9 100 2.6 49 12.9 96 7.0 275

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.0 407 8.5 24.3

Paraguay
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.2 70 3.6 86 57 61 27 .. 92 92 61 98 .. 194 0.5 80 74 723 0.7 880 7.1 –3.3 12.1 17 22 61 38 49 19 .. .. 5.8 68 4.7 .. 48 66 41 2.8 69 64 31 98 .. 212 .. 62 58 731 0.5 505 5.3 3.1 36.3 28 25 47 33 39 23 .. ..

Lower middle income
2.0 .. 1,410 4,040 2006 .. 72 3.2 74 73 77 22 .. 88 94 67 99 0.4 185 0.9 .. 86 80 674 0.7 849 9.3 4.3 10.7 21 18 61 49 66 21 21.3 1.2 35 4.4 0.8 59 4.3 .. 8 83.9 96 3.4 711 6.8 189 432 56

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 1.0 3 0.0 .. 0 43.9 103 2.1 373 12.4 77 34 57
2008

3.5 1.1 21 0.7 51 3 43.3 100 3.1 580 10.6 104 278 82

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167

Peru

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 28 1,285 82.2 179.2

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.0 69 2.9 70 69 59 41 5.2 97 103 87 97 .. 692 1.2 81 61 488 1.1 687 53.3 3.0 3.7 8 30 62 16 18 20 17.4 –2.1 1.1 53 2,980 6,490 2006 .. 71 2.6 61 46 87 25 .. 99 100 92 101 0.6 687 0.1 .. 83 63 506 1.2 848 92.4 7.7 7.3 7 38 55 29 20 20 17.6 –0.8 72 64.6 1.2 39 22.1 14 2 41.9 151 28 3.0 12.9 3.5 1.8 468

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

5.6 66 3.9 .. 59 80 78 8.8 64 .. 67 96 .. 702 .. 74 52 457 1.0 548 26.3 –5.1 6,836.9 9 27 64 16 14 16 12.5 –8.1

3.1 0.1 3 0.0 10 0 22.3 114 20 5.3 10.8 0.0 0.1 397

19.8 1.7 12 3.1 13 4 27.1 100 29 3.9 25.8 0.8 0.7 398

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 86 300 120.2 296.2

Philippines
Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.4 70 3.6 50 47 58 40 .. 81 104 77 103 .. 79 6.0 86 68 557 1.0 511 75.9 6.0 6.3 16 32 52 55 53 21 15.2 –3.9 2.0 .. 1,390 3,430 2006 .. 71 3.3 48 .. .. 32 .. 92 96 85 103 0.1 72 2.6 .. 85 72 528 1.0 588 117.6 5.4 5.2 14 32 54 46 48 14 16.2 –1.3 58 58.2 0.9 54 5.5 .. 68 83.8 84 60 5.0 19.6 2.3 15.3 0.6 5.9 66 4.3 .. 36 .. 62 .. 85 86 71 100 .. 106 .. 87 57 427 0.7 360 44.3 3.0 13.0 22 34 44 28 33 24 16.2 –2.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

13.4 1.4 1 0.0 .. 0 47.8 87 31 4.4 27.0 0.5 1.5 1.3

34.2 1.1 12 2.0 10 73 101.2 100 58 5.5 14.3 2.2 6.2 0.6

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2008

169

Poland

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 38 313 313.0 543.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.9 74 1.3 17 .. 100 9 .. 97 95 100 98 .. 91 30.2 .. .. 2,326 7.8 3,240 171.3 4.3 7.2 5 32 63 27 34 25 31.6 –2.8 –0.1 .. 8,210 14,250 2006 7.4 75 1.3 13 .. 100 7 .. 99 97 100 99 0.1 92 –0.2 .. .. .. 2,436 8.0 3,437 338.7 6.1 1.0 5 32 64 41 41 20 32.2 –3.6 31 44.0 2.0 126 28.8 .. 4 69.8 107 126 21.4 24.7 19.2 4.4 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

9.1 71 2.0 .. 49 .. 18 .. 95 101 81 101 .. 89 .. .. .. 2,620 9.1 3,272 59.0 –7.0 55.2 8 50 42 29 22 26 .. ..

0.2 2.8 9 0.0 62 0 43.9 95 49 9.6 4.9 0.1 .. 1.3

18.3 1.8 46 7.3 68 3 47.1 100 65 9.7 20.3 9.3 1.7 1.4

170

2008

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Portugal
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 92 189.0 211.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 74 1.4 .. .. 98 14 .. 85 93 66 103 .. 31 .. .. .. 1,793 4.3 2,564 75.3 4.0 13.1 9 29 62 31 38 27 .. .. 2000 .. 77 1.5 17 .. 100 8 .. 87 .. 108 101 .. 36 29.6 .. .. 2,473 5.8 4,014 112.6 3.9 3.0 4 28 69 30 41 28 36.2 –2.4

High income
0.4 .. 17,850 19,960 2006 .. 78 1.4 14 .. .. 5 .. 93 104 97 102 0.4 38 –1.3 .. .. .. 2,575 5.6 4,663 194.7 1.3 2.9 3 25 72 31 39 22 38.6 –3.9 7 53.5 2.1 155 30.3 86 9 56.5 .. .. .. .. 7.4 3.3 ..

12.2 2.5 24 0.0 .. 4 55.4 103 .. .. .. 2.6 4.5 ..
2008

53.9 2.0 107 16.4 86 6 57.1 100 .. .. .. 6.7 3.4 ..

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171

Puerto Rico
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.9 9.0 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.0 .. .. .. .. 3.32 .. 30.6 3.8 4.3 1 42 57 77 101 17 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 77 2.0 66 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.1 .. .. .. .. 2.61 .. 61.0 2.4 3.1 1 41 58 75 98 .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. 2006 .. 78 1.8 50 .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.1 –0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 .. .. 112 23.4 95 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 28 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 58 10.5 94 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

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Qatar
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 821 11 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 4.3 .. .. .. 26 .. 79 70 84 98 .. .. .. 100 100 13,542 26.1 9,773 7.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 74 3.1 21 43 100 23 .. 91 89 88 101 .. .. 290.0 100 100 19,245 58.9 13,784 17.8 7.1 3.1 .. .. .. 67 22 20 .. .. 3.1 .. .. .. 2006 .. 75 2.7 18 .. .. 21 .. 99 94 101 98 0.2 .. .. .. 100 100 19,877 69.2 16,801 42.5 6.1 26.2 .. .. .. 68 33 35 42.0 9.7 .. 205.6 .. 140 35.3 .. 0 84.4 165 .. .. .. .. .. 2.2

.. .. 21 0.0 86 0 75.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.5
2008

29.0 .. 46 4.9 90 0 83.6 100 .. .. .. .. .. 0.5

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173

Romania

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 22 238 104.4 219.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.2 71 1.3 38 64 99 22 3.7 98 102 81 100 .. 64 54.8 57 .. 1,616 3.9 1,988 37.1 2.1 44.3 13 36 51 33 38 20 25.8 –2.0 –0.2 .. 4,830 10,150 2006 8.2 72 1.3 33 70 98 18 .. 95 99 86 100 0.1 64 0.00 .. 57 .. 1,772 4.2 2,342 121.6 7.7 10.1 11 38 52 34 44 24 24.5 –1.0 14 27.0 1.9 100 32.4 30 4 68.6 .. 55.1 17.7 18.4 11.4 6.7 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

9.2 70 1.8 .. .. .. 31 .. 92 96 92 99 .. 64 .. .. .. 2,689 6.7 2,924 38.3 –5.6 13.6 24 50 26 17 26 30 .. ..

.. 4.5 10 0.0 51 2 32.8 .. 1.1 0.9 0.3 0.0 .. 243

2.9 2.5 29 3.6 50 6 63.2 .. 11.2 0.8 20.1 1.0 0.1 432

174

2008

The Little Data Book

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Russian Federation
Upper middle income
143 17,098 822.3 1,814.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.9 65 1.2 32 73 99 24 .. 97 94 .. .. .. 8,093 1.8 96 87 4,196 10.0 5,209 259.7 10.0 37.7 6 38 56 44 24 19 24.6 2.5 –0.5 20 5,770 12,740 2006 .. 66 1.3 28 .. 99 16 .. 99 94 91 99 1.1 8,088 0.00 .. 97 87 4,517 10.6 5,785 986.9 6.7 16.1 5 39 56 34 21 20 28.8 8.1 29 107.1 4.0 112 18.0 .. 9 47.5 .. 251 40 13.8 30.8 3.1 .. 10.0 69 1.9 .. 34 .. 27 .. 83 .. 93 104 .. 8,090 .. 94 87 5,923 15.3 6,673 516.8 –3.0 15.9 17 48 35 18 18 30 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

0.0 15.5 14 0.0 74 .. .. .. 78 13 .. 1.2 .. 0.3
2008

15.0 3.7 24 2.0 67 14 57.8 .. 160 16 9.9 2.7 1.3 1.6

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175

Rwanda

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.5 26 2.3 6.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.3 40 6.0 50 13 31 183 20.3 74 21 10 96 .. 3.4 1.6 70 40 .. 0.1 .. 1.8 6.0 3.3 41 20 38 8 25 18 .. .. 2.5 60 250 730 2006 .. 46 5.9 41 17 39 160 18.0 95 35 13 102 3.0 4.8 –2.8 .. 74 42 .. 0.1 .. 2.5 5.3 9.1 41 21 38 12 32 21 .. .. 16 .. 2.7 3 0.7 19 .. 25.6 129 0.4 25 9.6 11.2 21.2 585

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 32 7.4 .. 21 26 176 24.3 83 45 9 92 .. 3.2 .. 59 37 .. 0.1 .. 2.6 –2.4 13.5 33 25 43 6 14 15 10.8 –5.4

.. 3.7 0 0.0 9 .. 15.4 40 0.7 47 13.4 7.6 3.0 288

.. 3.4 1 0.1 8 0 14.5 100 1.3 38 24.1 8.3 7.0 321

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 185 2.8 421 943

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 4.5 40 .. 100 34 .. 93 95 78 106 .. 1.7 .. 89 100 .. 0.8 .. 232 7.0 2.8 17 26 57 34 57 .. .. ..

Samoa
0.8 .. 2,270 5,090 2006 .. 71 4.0 29 .. 100 28 .. 54 96 81 105 .. 1.7 –1.8 .. 88 100 .. 0.8 .. 424 2.3 5.2 12 27 60 .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. .. 24 4.3 .. 0 54.1 91 858 652.0 19.9 20.7 0.8 47

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 65 4.7 .. .. 76 50 .. 89 .. 33 118 .. 1.3 .. 91 98 .. 0.8 .. 112 –4.4 9.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 3 0.0 .. 0 80.3 .. 92 0.2 5.8 6.6 43.0 48
2008

.. .. 6 0.6 14 1 51.8 100 197 50.1 5.1 –1.5 45.0 27

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177

San Marino
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 29 60 1.3 .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. 74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 774 2.2 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.4 1.3 1.4 .. 45,130 .. 2006 .. 82 .. .. .. .. 3 .. 94 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,690 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 44.1 5.2 .. .. .. 134 53.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

178

2008

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

São Tomé and Principe
155 960 124 231 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 64 4.5 86 29 79 97 10.1 69 62 40 93 .. 270 .. 79 24 .. 0.6 .. 76 11.6 10.7 20 17 63 .. .. .. .. .. .. 62 5.4 .. .. .. 100 .. 71 .. .. .. .. 270 .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Low income
1.6 .. 800 1,490 2006 .. 65 4.0 69 30 81 96 .. 85 74 45 99 .. 270 0.00 .. 79 25 .. 0.6 .. 123 7.0 20.0 17 21 62 .. .. .. .. .. 144 .. .. 17 18.7 .. 1 60.9 .. 355 15 .. –0.4 1.0 22

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 2 0.0 62 .. .. .. 150 16 34.4 –0.1 .. 54
2008

.. .. 3 4.6 68 0 40.7 .. 310 23 25.8 3.8 1.0 35

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179

Saudi Arabia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 24 2,000 331.0 528.0 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 68 5.9 .. .. .. 44 .. 88 53 44 84 .. 27 .. 94 91 3,744 15.6 3,982 116.8 8.3 13.1 6 49 45 41 32 15 .. ..

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 71 4.1 35 21 93 29 .. 94 .. .. .. .. 27 721.7 92 .. 5,169 13.2 5,666 188.4 4.9 11.6 5 54 41 44 25 19 .. .. 2.4 .. 13,980 22,300 2006 .. 73 3.4 29 .. 96 25 .. 95 93 96 95 0.2 27 0.00 .. 96 99 6,068 13.7 6,813 349.1 4.3 6.0 3 65 32 62 31 18 .. .. 15 93.6 8.5 100 19.8 .. 1 79.0 205 .. .. .. 0.7 .. 25

36.7 14.0 8 0.0 41 0 58.6 .. .. .. .. 1.9 .. 15

35.6 10.6 21 2.2 30 0 57.2 100 .. .. .. –1.9 .. 22

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2008

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 12 197 9.1 18.8

Senegal
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.6 61 5.4 107 11 60 133 20.3 48 38 16 82 .. 89 8.6 73 50 257 0.4 97 4.7 3.2 1.9 19 23 58 28 37 20 16.9 –0.9 2.5 .. 760 1,560 2006 .. 63 5.3 91 12 52 116 14.5 80 49 22 91 0.7 87 0.5 .. 76 57 258 0.4 151 9.2 2.3 2.9 16 23 61 26 44 29 .. .. 58 .. 1.6 27 5.4 .. 6 54.3 102 2.0 95 11.8 58 633 825 3.5 57 6.5 .. .. .. 149 .. 51 42 15 69 .. 93 .. 65 33 283 0.4 99 5.7 –0.7 0.0 20 22 58 25 32 9 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 2.0 1 0.0 27 0 34.6 172 3.7 421 19.9 57 142 812
2008

.. 1.3 4 0.4 29 8 52.0 100 3.6 146 14.3 63 233 423

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181

Serbia

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.4 88 30.0 69.3

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 1.5 27 .. .. 13 .. 89 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8,963 4.5 81.0 19 30 51 23 39 8 .. .. 0.0 .. 4,030 9,320 2006 .. 73 1.4 25 41 99 8 .. 88 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 31,989 5.7 15.6 13 26 62 27 47 21 .. .. 23 34.3 2.1 99 20.3 .. 4 61.3 .. 14 1.8 .. 5.1 4.7 1.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 71 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 83 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 22 0.0 .. 4 .. .. 18 0.5 .. 0.1 .. ..

4.6 5.4 49 5.3 63 3 .. .. 11 4.6 3.2 0.0 1.1 1.1

182

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The Little Data Book

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 85 460 751 1.2

Seychelles
Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 2.1 .. .. .. 15 .. 97 113 113 101 .. 400 .. 87 .. .. 7.0 .. 615 4.3 1.3 3 29 68 78 81 25 38.7 –13.9 2.0 .. 8,870 14,360 2006 .. 72 2.0 .. .. .. 13 .. 99 115 105 100 .. 400 0.00 .. 88 .. .. 6.6 .. 775 5.3 2.2 3 26 71 111 133 33 57.2 –2.6 38 .. 1.8 108 34.3 .. 3 153.2 102 905 606 20.6 146 14.0 14 .. 70 2.8 .. .. .. 19 .. 86 .. .. .. .. 400 .. 88 .. .. 1.6 .. 369 7.0 5.6 5 16 79 62 67 25 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 4.0 12 0.0 57 0 65.7 78 181 46 8.9 20 8.0 36
2008

.. 1.7 57 7.4 .. 0 87.2 100 304 84 4.2 24 2.0 18

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183

Sierra Leone
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.7 72 1.4 3.5 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 1.1 39 6.5 .. .. .. 290 .. .. .. 17 67 .. 30 .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. 650 3.3 70.6 47 19 34 22 24 10 5.6 ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 41 6.5 192 4 42 277 24.7 37 .. 26 71 .. 29 0.2 57 38 .. 0.1 .. 634 3.8 6.1 58 28 13 18 39 8 11.4 –9.3 2.8 70 240 610 2006 .. 42 6.5 166 5 43 270 .. 67 .. .. .. 1.6 28 0.7 .. 57 39 .. 0.2 .. 1,450 7.4 14.1 46 25 29 23 36 15 12.3 –2.5 26 .. 1.0 .. 0.2 .. .. 41.7 .. 1.4 70 9.6 59 33.1 364

.. 1.4 0 0.0 11 .. 44.2 .. 1.2 148 10.1 32 .. 59

.. 4.1 1 0.1 8 31 25.6 .. 1.2 46 67.1 39 7.0 181

184

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Singapore
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.5 699 128.8 194.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 1.9 .. 65 .. 8 .. 84 .. 67 95 .. 20 .. 100 100 4,384 14.8 4,860 36.8 9.2 4.1 0 35 65 .. .. 37 26.8 11.1 2000 5.0 78 1.4 6 .. 100 4 3.3 96 .. 64 101 .. 20 .. 100 100 5,524 14.0 7,575 92.7 10.1 3.7 0 36 64 192 177 33 26.6 11.4 3.2 .. 28,730 43,300 2006 .. 80 1.3 5 .. 100 3 .. 93 .. 63 101 0.3 20 0.00 .. 100 100 6,933 12.3 8,358 132.2 7.9 0.2 0 35 65 253 221 19 19.9 7.0 5 209.1 4.7 148 38.3 100 58 386.2 86 .. .. .. 24.2 .. ..

93.1 4.9 36 0.0 97 40 308.1 116 .. .. .. 5.6 .. –3.1

164.8 4.7 117 32.3 100 63 293.7 100 .. .. .. 16.5 .. 1.1

The Little Data Book

2008

185

Slovak Republic
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.4 49 51.8 91.9 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Upper middle income
0.1 .. 9,610 17,060 2006 .. 74 1.2 20 .. 100 8 .. 98 94 96 100 0.1 19 –0.02 .. 100 99 3,496 6.7 4,920 55.0 8.3 2.7 4 32 65 86 90 29 30.5 –3.4 25 10.1 1.7 112 41.8 87 6 159.1 .. 27.1 15.6 .. 4.2 424.0 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 11.6 71 2.1 .. 74 .. 14 .. .. .. .. .. .. 19 .. 100 99 4,035 9.7 5,559 15.5 –2.7 6.9 7 59 33 27 36 33 .. .. 2000 .. 73 1.3 24 .. 99 10 .. 98 98 87 101 .. 19 .. 100 99 3,292 6.6 4,956 20.4 0.7 9.7 4 32 64 70 73 26 .. ..

.. .. 13 0.0 .. .. 110.8 .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. 6.8

6.0 1.7 55 9.4 87 4 120.7 .. 12.1 2.4 19.4 1.9 18.0 113.0

186

2008

The Little Data Book

Slovenia
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.0 20 37.4 48.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 73 1.5 .. .. 100 10 .. 90 .. 89 .. .. 12 .. .. .. 2,801 9.0 5,091 17.4 –8.9 94.9 6 42 52 91 79 17 39.8 3.2 2000 9.1 76 1.3 8 .. 100 6 .. 95 96 101 103 .. 12 .. .. .. 3,260 7.2 5,778 19.3 4.1 5.4 3 36 61 56 59 27 40.2 –1.1 0.3 .. 18,660 23,970 2006 8.3 78 1.3 7 .. 100 4 .. 96 .. 96 100 0.1 13 –0.4 .. .. .. 3,657 8.1 6,918 37.3 5.2 2.3 2 35 63 69 70 27 40.2 –0.8 60 40.7 1.7 132 62.3 100 5 127.0 .. .. .. .. 649 282 ..

.. 2.2 21 0.0 72 3 102.4 .. .. .. .. 111 38 ..
2008

13.2 1.2 101 15.1 100 5 98.0 .. .. .. .. 136 205 60.9

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187

Solomon Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 484 29 333 896 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 57 5.8 .. .. .. 121 16.3 70 72 15 84 .. 28 .. .. .. .. 0.5 .. 211 1.8 0.1 .. .. .. 47 73 29 .. ..

Low income
2.4 .. 690 1,850 2006 .. 63 4.0 43 .. .. 73 .. 84 .. 30 93 .. 22 1.6 .. 70 31 .. 0.4 .. 336 6.1 6.8 .. .. .. 48 54 35 .. .. 57 .. .. 3 1.7 .. .. 95.2 92 173 15.6 2.0 19 20.4 205

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 62 4.6 56 7 85 88 .. 87 .. 20 90 .. 24 .. 69 31 .. 0.4 .. 299 –14.3 10.7 .. .. .. 40 59 22 .. ..

.. .. 1 0.0 2 .. 76.2 85 120 16.6 11.8 10 .. 46

.. .. 2 0.5 2 .. 53.8 100 155 3.2 7.1 13 2.0 68

188

2008

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 8.4 638 .. ..

Somalia
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 45 6.6 73 8 25 165 .. 38 .. .. 55 .. 75 54.8 29 25 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.0 .. .. .. 2006 .. 48 6.1 67 15 33 145 .. 35 .. .. .. 0.9 71 1.0 .. 29 26 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 1.1 .. .. .. .. 2.8 745 .. 96.0 .. 392 .. 42 6.8 .. 1 .. 203 .. 30 .. .. .. .. 83 .. .. .. .. 0.00 .. 917.0 –1.5 215.5 65 .. .. 10 38 16 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 0 0.0 11 .. .. .. 2.4 285 47.6 5.6 .. 491
2008

.. .. 1 0.2 12 .. .. .. 2.6 591 .. 0.3 .. 101

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189

South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 47 1,219 255.4 421.7 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 62 3.3 .. 57 .. 60 .. 79 76 69 104 .. 92 .. 83 69 2,592 9.4 4,431 112.0 –0.3 15.5 5 40 55 24 19 18 .. .. 2000 3.5 49 2.9 75 56 84 63 .. 77 90 86 100 15.6 92 27.9 87 66 2,525 9.0 4,417 132.9 4.2 8.8 3 32 65 28 25 16 26.3 –2.0 1.1 .. 5,390 8,900 2006 .. 51 2.7 63 .. .. 69 .. 85 100 95 100 18.8 92 0.00 .. 88 65 2,722 9.4 4,847 255.2 5.0 6.8 3 31 66 30 33 20 31.8 1.2 31 280.2 1.4 83 10.9 .. 6 53.2 125 35.5 15.3 6.7 –120 734 717.8

123.2 3.8 9 0.0 30 7 37.4 104 .. .. .. –76 136 ..

154.2 1.4 30 5.5 20 7 44.9 100 24.9 9.6 9.8 969 344 487.3

190

2008

The Little Data Book

Spain
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 44 505 1,206.2 1,244.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.3 .. .. .. 9 .. 99 .. 105 104 .. 135 .. 100 100 2,345 5.5 3,540 521.0 3.8 7.3 6 34 61 16 19 26 .. .. 2000 7.0 79 1.2 9 .. .. 6 .. 94 .. 111 103 .. 164 32.0 100 100 3,097 7.0 5,207

High income
1.7 .. 27,340 28,200 2006 .. 81 1.4 9 .. .. 4 .. 97 103 118 103 0.6 179 –1.9 .. 100 100 3,346 7.7 6,147

580.7 1,224.7 5.0 3.9 3.5 3.8 4 3 29 30 66 67 29 26 32 32 26 31 31.1 27.2 –0.5 1.9 47 108.0 1.0 146 42.1 .. 6 42.6 104 .. .. .. 20 8.9 ..

21.3 1.7 33 0.0 99 6 27.5 100 .. .. .. 14 2.2 ..
2008

86.8 1.2 103 13.6 99 8 46.7 100 .. .. .. 39 4.5 ..

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191

Sri Lanka
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 20 66 26.0 74.2 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 9.0 71 2.5 .. .. .. 32 .. 80 92 71 102 .. 24 .. 68 69 324 0.2 154 8.0 6.4 20.1 26 26 48 30 38 22 21.0 –5.2 2000 8.3 74 1.9 29 70 96 19 22.8 99 .. 86 103 .. 21 25.2 76 87 418 0.5 288 16.3 6.0 7.3 20 27 53 39 50 28 16.8 –8.4 1.1 23 1,310 3,730 2006 .. 75 1.9 26 .. .. 13 .. 99 108 87 .. 0.1 19 1.3 .. 79 91 477 0.6 378 27.0 7.4 10.3 16 27 56 32 43 29 17.0 –7.2 39 28.8 2.4 37 2.2 .. 2 63.6 80 11.4 855 8.6 480 2.3 796

11.4 2.1 1 0.0 32 1 57.3 82 5.9 405 13.8 43 0.4 728

6.6 4.5 6 0.6 86 2 77.2 100 9.2 685 10.3 173 1.2 276

192

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

St. Kitts and Nevis
48 260 406 597 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 2.2 .. .. 99 25 .. 99 119 93 105 .. 50 .. 100 95 .. 2.3 .. 329 2.8 5.1 3 29 68 46 76 50 .. .. .. 67 2.7 .. .. .. 36 .. 99 .. 85 105 .. 50 .. 100 95 .. 1.6 .. 159 2.3 8.7 6 29 65 52 83 55 28.3 0.6

Upper middle income
0.8 .. 8,460 12,440 2006 .. .. .. .. 54 100 19 .. 99 109 94 103 .. 50 0.00 .. 100 95 .. 2.7 .. 477 5.8 5.2 3 28 69 47 67 45 .. .. 46 63.8 .. 74 .. .. 1 65.2 83 293 2.4 21.6 203 3.7 5.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 23 0.0 39 .. 86.7 .. 45 1.0 2.9 49 19.0 8.1
2008

.. .. 52 6.1 43 1 69.6 100 157 1.8 12.9 96 4.0 3.9

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193

St. Lucia
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Latin America & Caribbean
166 620 833 1.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 2.0 64 .. 100 16 .. 88 101 75 109 .. 170 .. 98 89 .. 2.3 .. 659 –0.2 7.2 7 18 75 57 68 28 .. .. 0.7 .. 5,060 8,500 2006 .. 74 2.1 60 .. 100 14 .. 94 114 87 103 .. 170 0.00 .. 98 89 .. 2.3 .. 899 4.5 –2.5 4 19 77 52 66 23 .. .. 40 .. .. .. 33.9 .. 8 72.5 124 374 117.0 6.6 119 2.6 18

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 71 3.3 .. 47 .. 21 .. 82 122 53 103 .. 170 .. 98 .. .. 1.2 .. 397 23.5 3.2 15 18 67 73 84 26 .. ..

.. .. 13 0.0 .. 0 100.2 .. 79 7.0 2.1 45 16.0 12

.. .. 33 5.1 .. 8 60.4 100 235 67.8 8.2 54 3.0 11

194

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

St. Vincent & Grenadines
Upper middle income
120 390 395 741 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 2.3 70 58 100 23 .. 96 74 69 105 .. 100 .. .. .. .. 1.3 .. 335 1.8 –1.0 11 24 65 54 60 27 .. .. 0.5 .. 3,320 6,220 2006 .. 71 2.2 65 48 100 20 .. 99 92 75 101 .. 110 –1.3 .. .. .. .. 1.7 .. 423 1.5 –8.4 8 25 67 48 77 29 .. .. 12 .. .. 92 8.4 .. 0 69.8 112 300 58.1 11.5 85.0 5.0 4.7 .. 69 3.0 .. 58 .. 25 .. 96 .. 58 106 .. 90 .. .. .. .. 0.7 .. 198 5.0 6.4 21 23 56 66 77 30 25.6 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 12 0.0 .. .. 110.5 .. 62 2.1 2.9 7.7 16.0 15.4
2008

.. .. 24 3.0 68 0 62.8 100 196 31.4 7.3 37.7 3.0 6.2

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195

Sudan

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 38 2,506 30.1 67.2

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 56 5.1 76 7 87 97 38.4 58 37 26 88 .. 705 124.4 69 34 414 0.2 62 12.4 8.4 8.7 42 22 37 15 18 18 8.0 –0.4 2.2 .. 800 1,780 2006 .. 58 4.3 59 8 49 89 .. 73 47 34 89 1.6 675 0.8 .. 70 34 499 0.3 94 37.4 11.8 7.0 32 29 39 16 27 25 .. .. 39 .. .. 14 9.3 .. 1 36.7 189 19 6.5 4.1 3.5 1.2 2.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 53 5.9 .. 9 69 120 .. 57 42 21 77 .. 764 .. 64 33 410 0.2 49 9.0 –5.5 40.9 .. .. .. 6 10 7 .. ..

.. 3.6 0 0.0 34 0 11.0 100 15 4.2 8.7 0.0 0.1 0.8

.. 4.7 1 0.1 36 4 27.2 100 16 4.8 9.7 0.4 0.6 0.2

196

2008

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 455 163 1.9 3.5

Suriname
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 69 2.7 47 42 85 41 11.4 79 98 72 108 .. 148 0.8 92 93 .. 4.9 .. 892 –0.1 54.8 11 25 64 20 33 12 .. .. .. 68 2.8 .. .. .. 48 .. 65 81 58 107 .. 148 .. .. .. .. 4.5 .. 399 –0.5 43.9 9 24 67 42 44 11 .. ..

Lower middle income
0.6 .. 4,210 7,720 2006 .. 70 2.5 41 .. .. 39 .. 83 97 77 114 1.9 148 0.00 .. 92 94 .. 5.1 .. 2,115 5.8 13.0 5 36 59 31 46 25 .. .. 694 .. .. 88 7.1 .. .. 95.5 193 .. .. .. .. 2.1 64

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 9 0.0 24 0 236.5 .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 61

.. .. 27 2.7 26 0 103.7 100 .. .. .. .. 15.0 34

The Little Data Book

2008

197

Swaziland
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.1 17 2.7 5.3 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 .. 57 5.3 .. 20 .. 110 .. 85 61 42 98 .. 4.7 .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. 882 8.6 15.0 13 42 45 75 87 19 .. .. 2000 4.3 45 4.1 41 28 70 142 9.1 72 64 43 95 .. 5.2 40.1 62 48 .. 1.0 .. 1,389 2.0 12.3 16 45 40 82 97 19 .. .. 0.6 69 2,400 4,700 2006 .. 41 3.5 34 .. .. 164 .. 57 67 47 95 33.4 5.4 –0.9 .. 62 48 .. 0.9 .. 2,648 2.1 5.7 11 46 43 81 86 17 .. .. 61 7.5 1.9 26 3.7 .. 0 160.9 93 544 50.8 1.8 36 99 35

1.9 1.9 2 0.0 54 .. 138.2 100 298 4.6 5.7 30 113 54

5.3 1.9 6 1.0 30 0 140.9 100 289 1.8 2.4 91 74 13

198

2008

The Little Data Book

Sweden
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.1 450 395.4 311.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions) .. 78 2.1 .. .. .. 7 .. 96 97 90 102 .. 274 .. 100 100 5,557 5.8 15,836 242.2 1.0 8.8 3 31 66 30 30 23 .. .. 2000 9.1 80 1.5 5 .. .. 4 .. 91 .. 152 115 .. 275 1.7 100 100 5,436 5.2 15,687 242.0 4.3 1.4 2 29 70 46 40 18 38.9 3.2 0.7 .. 43,530 34,310 2006 .. 81 1.9 4 .. .. 3 .. 95 .. 103 100 0.2 275 –0.04 .. 100 100 5,782 5.9 15,440 383.8 4.2 1.8 1 29 70 51 43 18 37.9 1.9 15 149.4 1.4 165 76.9 31 16 71.4 88 .. .. .. 27.3 336 ..

40.4 2.5 74 0.6 71 13 46.2 108 .. .. .. 2.0 153 ..

135.7 2.0 137 45.6 78 23 66.1 100 .. .. .. 22.1 510 ..

The Little Data Book

2008

199

Switzerland
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.5 41 434.8 305.9 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.6 .. .. .. 9 .. 90 52 99 97 .. 12 .. 100 100 3,723 6.4 7,507 235.8 3.8 4.4 3 33 64 36 34 31 20.2 0.0

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 7.6 80 1.5 5 .. .. 6 .. 81 96 94 96 .. 12 6.4 100 100 3,641 5.4 7,847 246.0 3.6 0.8 2 29 70 46 40 23 24.7 2.2 0.7 .. 58,050 40,840 2006 .. 82 1.4 4 .. 100 5 .. 86 91 93 97 0.4 12 –0.4 .. 100 100 3,651 5.5 8,305 380.4 3.2 1.4 1 28 70 48 41 22 18.6 –0.4 20 318.7 0.9 166 58.2 100 22 75.9 .. .. .. .. 27.2 1.9 ..

67.9 1.8 61 0.6 .. 12 56.6 .. .. .. .. 5.5 0.9 ..

322.0 1.1 137 29.2 .. 19 66.3 .. .. .. .. 19.8 1.1 ..

200

2008

The Little Data Book

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Syrian Arab Republic
19 185 30.3 79.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 3.7 52 45 70 20 .. 96 86 41 92 .. 4.3 285.0 88 84 1,064 2.9 1,058 19.3 2.7 9.7 24 38 38 35 29 17 23.9 .. .. 68 5.4 .. .. .. 38 .. 87 101 48 85 .. 3.7 .. 80 73 918 2.8 674 12.3 7.6 19.3 30 25 45 28 28 17 21.9 ..

Lower middle income
2.7 .. 1,560 4,110 2006 .. 74 3.2 38 58 93 14 .. 98 115 70 95 0.2 4.6 –1.4 .. 93 90 948 3.7 1,411 33.4 5.1 9.1 18 32 49 39 36 16 .. .. 43 .. 3.8 41 7.7 20 1 55.1 133 6.5 0.9 1.3 600 795 27

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 6.0 4 0.0 72 0 53.7 .. 17.3 2.2 21.8 71 385 683
2008

.. 5.4 10 0.2 20 1 43.7 100 21.7 5.7 4.8 270 180 158

The Little Data Book

201

Tajikistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.6 143 2.6 10.3 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 63 5.1 .. .. .. 115 .. 68 .. 102 .. .. 4.1 .. .. .. 1,055 4.4 3,346 2.6 –0.6 6.2 33 38 29 28 35 25 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 8.1 65 4.0 33 34 71 93 .. 87 95 74 89 .. 4.1 18.0 59 51 463 0.6 2,177 1.0 8.3 22.7 27 39 34 87 89 11 10.6 –0.8 1.4 .. 390 1,560 2006 7.8 67 3.4 28 38 83 68 .. 87 106 83 88 0.1 4.1 –0.03 .. 59 51 528 0.8 2,267 2.8 7.0 20.2 25 27 48 23 58 15 13.5 –6.6 49 .. 2.2 8 0.3 .. .. 111.0 .. 1.2 94.5 5.1 338.6 1.0 240

.. 0.4 5 0.0 72 .. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 9.0 .. 12

.. 1.2 4 0.0 .. 42 149.0 .. 1.0 77.0 11.3 23.5 0.1 124

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 39 947 13.4 38.8

Tanzania
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.3 49 5.7 132 25 98 141 .. 78 55 6 99 .. 373 6.2 58 47 397 0.1 58 9.1 5.1 7.5 45 16 39 17 24 18 .. .. 7.4 51 6.1 .. 10 53 161 25.1 80 46 5 97 .. 414 .. 46 47 385 0.1 51 4.3 7.0 22.4 46 18 36 13 37 26 .. ..

Low income
2.5 36 350 980 2006 .. 52 5.3 123 26 46 118 16.7 93 74 .. .. 6.5 353 1.1 .. 62 47 530 0.1 61 12.8 5.9 6.3 45 17 37 24 31 19 .. .. 29 4.2 1.1 15 1.0 .. 0 46.5 116 4.2 1.3 3.4 474.5 14.9 1.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 2.0 0 0.0 37 .. 31.9 107 6.5 0.5 32.9 0.0 .. 1.2

2.6 1.5 1 0.1 4 1 24.9 100 6.9 0.8 12.8 463.4 8.0 1.0

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2008

203

Thailand
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 63 513 193.7 472.2 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 5.6 67 2.1 .. .. .. 31 .. 80 .. 33 97 .. 160 .. 95 80 808 1.8 739 85.3 11.2 5.8 12 37 50 34 42 41 .. .. 2000 6.1 68 1.9 46 79 99 13 .. 94 96 67 99 .. 148 41.5 99 99 1,229 3.3 1,503 122.7 4.8 1.3 9 42 49 67 58 23 .. .. 0.7 .. 3,050 7,440 2006 .. 70 1.8 42 77 97 8 .. 96 .. 78 104 1.4 145 0.6 .. 99 99 1,588 4.3 1,988 206.3 5.0 5.0 11 45 45 74 70 28 20.2 1.9 33 68.4 1.1 75 13.3 .. 27 125.7 92 55 17.8 9.4 9.0 1.3 –216

28.0 2.6 3 0.0 55 21 65.7 119 28 8.3 16.9 2.4 1.0 796

24.0 1.4 14 3.8 99 33 106.7 100 80 14.9 16.3 3.4 1.7 698

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2008

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.0 15 865 5.2

Timor-Leste
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 54 6.6 84 8 24 107 40.6 39 .. 35 .. .. 8.5 .. 58 35 .. 0.2 .. 316 13.7 3.0 26 19 56 .. .. 26 .. .. 5.4 .. 840 5,100 2006 .. 57 7.3 56 .. .. 55 .. 64 .. 53 95 0.2 8.0 1.3 .. 58 36 .. 0.2 .. 356 –1.6 3.4 32 13 55 .. .. 19 .. .. 82 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 209.7 .. 46 4.9 .. .. .. 177 .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 231.3

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2008

205

Togo

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.4 57 2.3 4.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 58 5.5 108 26 49 124 23.2 58 61 30 69 .. 4.9 1.5 51 34 327 0.3 86 1.3 –0.8 –1.7 34 18 48 31 51 18 .. .. 2.7 .. 350 770 2006 .. 58 4.9 92 17 62 108 .. 83 67 40 73 3.2 3.9 3.8 .. 52 35 320 0.4 94 2.2 4.1 –0.4 44 24 32 35 49 18 17.7 –0.1 53 .. 1.6 12 5.0 .. 0 77.8 78 1.8 233 1.6 57 193 79

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 58 6.4 .. 34 31 149 21.2 73 35 20 59 .. 6.9 .. 50 37 365 0.2 87 1.6 –0.2 3.0 34 23 44 33 45 27 .. ..

.. 3.1 0 0.0 21 0 52.1 133 1.3 113 11.9 18 27 258

.. .. 2 1.9 32 1 69.6 100 1.4 132 6.3 42 34 70

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 100 750 225 546

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 3.8 17 33 95 26 .. 95 104 101 102 .. 40 .. 100 96 .. 1.2 .. 147 5.4 0.2 30 17 53 8 37 19 .. ..

Tonga
0.5 .. 2,250 5,470 2006 .. 73 3.8 18 .. 98 24 .. 99 100 94 99 .. 40 0.00 .. 100 96 .. 1.2 .. 223 1.4 7.0 29 15 56 10 44 17 .. .. 32 .. 1.1 44 3.1 .. .. 58.7 .. 85 1.0 2.7 –1.5 72 21

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 70 4.6 .. .. 92 32 .. 86 102 98 101 .. 40 .. 100 96 .. 0.8 .. 114 –2.0 12.2 36 14 50 34 65 18 .. ..

.. .. 5 0.0 .. 0 64.3 .. 54 9.2 2.9 0.2 24 30
2008

.. 1.5 10 2.4 27 0 53.6 .. 65 0.5 2.9 4.7 53 19

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Trinidad and Tobago
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 5.1 16.6 22.3 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 5.9 70 2.4 .. .. .. 34 .. 70 101 82 101 .. 2.4 .. 92 100 4,934 13.8 2,679 5.1 1.5 15.5 3 47 50 45 29 13 .. ..

High income
0.4 .. 12,500 16,800 2006 .. 70 1.6 35 43 98 38 .. 89 88 76 101 2.6 2.3 0.3 .. 91 100 9,599 24.7 5,038 18.1 12.0 7.5 1 62 38 65 43 16 32.5 6.1 43 85.9 .. 149 12.3 .. 1 113.8 123 .. .. .. 940 92.4 13.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 69 1.7 38 38 96 34 4.4 90 85 75 104 .. 2.3 8.2 92 100 7,578 21.4 3,891 8.2 6.1 12.9 1 49 49 59 45 20 27.1 2.0

13.7 .. 13 0.0 46 0 60.6 100 .. .. .. 109 3.0 17.8

53.1 .. 37 7.7 51 1 93.0 100 .. .. .. 680 38.0 –1.5

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Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 10 164 30.1 65.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.0 73 2.1 8 66 90 31 .. 95 87 75 100 .. 9.6 62.9 90 83 794 2.1 991 19.4 4.7 3.2 12 29 59 45 48 27 29.2 –2.7 1.0 .. 2,970 6,490 2006 .. 74 2.0 7 .. .. 23 .. 98 99 83 104 0.1 10.6 –3.4 .. 93 85 843 2.3 1,194 30.3 5.2 3.0 11 28 60 54 54 24 30.1 –2.8 11 14.7 1.4 85 12.8 66 4 87.1 94 18.5 3.3 14.4 3.3 1.5 432

Tunisia

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

5.9 70 3.5 .. 50 69 52 8.5 93 80 45 86 .. 6.4 .. 81 75 679 1.6 638 12.3 7.9 4.5 16 30 54 44 51 27 30.7 –3.2

4.3 2.0 4 0.0 76 2 73.5 109 7.7 0.6 24.5 0.1 0.6 391
2008

14.5 1.7 11 2.7 68 3 74.1 100 11.3 1.6 20.1 0.8 0.8 222

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209

Turkey

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 73 784 393.9 613.7

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.0 70 2.6 51 64 81 44 7.0 86 .. 78 85 .. 101 16.5 93 87 1,142 3.3 1,550 199.7 7.4 49.9 15 24 61 24 32 25 .. .. 1.3 27 5,400 8,410 2006 .. 71 2.2 39 .. .. 26 .. 98 86 74 89 0.2 102 –0.3 .. 96 88 1,182 3.2 1,898 402.7 6.1 11.5 10 27 63 28 36 24 32.9 2.5 6 40.3 2.9 98 16.8 .. .. 55.6 96 208 42.3 33.2 20.1 1.1 0.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 66 3.0 .. 63 .. 82 .. 78 90 48 81 .. 97 .. 85 85 943 2.6 893 150.6 9.3 58.3 18 26 55 13 18 25 .. ..

12.7 3.5 12 0.0 .. .. 23.4 109 49 9.5 29.4 0.7 3.2 1.2

34.9 5.0 51 3.7 34 .. 41.2 100 117 28.9 36.0 1.0 4.6 0.3

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2008

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Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.9 488 .. 19.3

Turkmenistan
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.1 63 2.9 17 62 97 71 .. 97 .. .. .. .. 41 10.5 63 4.2 .. .. .. 99 .. 76 .. .. .. .. 41

Lower middle income
1.4 .. .. 3,990 2006 .. 63 2.6 16 48 100 51 .. 99 .. .. .. 0.1 41 0.00 .. 72 62 3,381 8.7 1,731 10.5 .. .. 20 40 40 72 54 23 .. .. .. .. .. 10 1.3 .. .. 88.8 .. 0.9 151.7 .. 730.9 .. 26.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 1,760.7 .. 71 .. 62 5,353 3,215 8.7 8.3 2,293 1,698 3.2 0.7 6.3 32 30 38 .. .. 40 .. .. 2.9 18.6 9.8 24 44 31 96 81 35 .. ..

.. .. 6 0.0 74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.6

.. 2.9 8 0.1 81 5 147.8 .. 2.5 230.3 .. 126.0 .. 31.5

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2008

211

Uganda

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 30 241 9.0 26.3

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.7 46 6.8 180 23 39 145 19.0 61 57 16 93 .. 41 0.8 55 43 .. 0.06 .. 5.9 5.6 3.8 37 20 42 11 23 20 11.3 –2.0 3.2 28 300 880 2006 .. 51 6.7 156 24 42 134 .. 89 54 18 98 6.4 36 2.0 .. 60 43 .. 0.07 .. 9.4 5.4 7.3 32 18 49 15 29 23 13.5 –2.0 28 1.2 2.1 7 2.5 .. 34 37.2 102 1.3 148 4.8 391.6 814.3 1.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

6.0 50 7.1 .. 5 38 160 19.7 52 .. 11 82 .. 49 .. 44 42 .. 0.05 .. 4.3 6.5 44.4 57 11 32 7 19 13 .. ..

.. 3.5 0 0.0 .. .. 10.2 146 2.6 146 81.4 –5.9 .. 0.7

0.6 2.3 1 0.2 .. 4 33.7 100 3.5 129 7.8 160.7 238.0 0.8

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Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 47 604 90.7 286.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.9 68 1.1 35 72 100 23 4.1 99 92 99 100 .. 95 70.7 96 96 2,727 6.3 2,773 31.3 5.9 23.1 17 36 47 62 57 20 26.8 –0.6 –0.7 20 1,940 6,110

Ukraine
2006 9.0 68 1.3 28 66 100 24 .. 98 105 93 99 1.4 96 –0.2 .. 96 96 3,041 6.9 3,246 106.5 7.1 13.7 9 35 57 47 50 24 36.6 –1.0 27 40.3 2.1 131 11.9 97 3 78.3 .. 49.9 15.4 18.1 5.6 829.0 484 9.4 70 1.8 .. .. .. 25 .. 90 94 94 .. .. 93

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. .. 4,851 13.2 4,782 81.5 –6.3 16.3 26 45 30 28 29 27 .. ..

.. .. 14 0.0 94 .. .. .. 0.6 0.1 .. 0.2 .. 289
2008

6.0 3.6 23 0.7 97 5 91.3 .. 12.2 0.4 18.6 0.6 33.0 541

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213

United Arab Emirates
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.2 84 103.5 123.1 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 73 4.3 .. .. .. 15 .. 80 105 68 104 .. 2.5

High income
3.5 .. 26,210 31,190 2006 .. 79 2.3 19 .. .. 8 .. 92 100 90 101 0.2 3.1 –1.6 .. 100 98 11,436 37.8 13,708 129.7 8.5 14.3 2 56 42 94 76 24 .. .. 62 173.9 2.0 161 40.2 .. .. 155.7 153 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 78 3.0 28 .. .. 10 .. 94 80 75 100 .. 3.1

.. 1,150.0 100 100 97 98 12,716 11,023 30.8 49.1 8,766 11,886 33.7 17.5 4.3 2 64 35 66 41 20 .. .. 70.6 5.0 21.8 4 56 41 73 55 23 10.0 0.1

.. 6.2 24 0.0 94 0 103.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.5

8.1 3.4 75 23.6 100 1 120.2 100 .. .. .. .. .. 3.2

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United Kingdom
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 61 244 2,455.7 2,037.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.8 .. .. .. 10 .. 87 .. 87 102 .. 26 .. 100 .. 3,686 10.1 5,327 2000 6.1 78 1.6 28 83 99 7 .. 88 .. 102 100 .. 28 6.6 100 .. 3,914 9.7 6,027 0.5 .. 40,560 33,650 2006 .. 79 1.9 24 .. .. 6 .. 85 .. 105 101 0.2 28 –0.6 .. 100 .. 3,884 9.8 6,253

991.1 1,442.3 2,377.0 0.7 3.8 2.8 7.6 1.3 2.4 2 1 1 35 28 24 63 71 75 24 28 29 27 30 33 20 17 18 .. 37.9 38.8 .. 1.7 –2.8 13 159.6 2.6 171 55.4 100 34 44.9 104 .. .. .. 140 7.0 ..

85.7 3.9 46 0.1 100 24 41.2 101 .. .. .. 34 2.1 ..

178.7 2.4 132 26.4 100 30 43.9 100 .. .. .. 122 3.6 ..

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215

United States
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 299 9,632 13,386.9 13,195.7 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.1 .. 71 99 11 .. 90 .. 92 100 .. 2,986 .. 100 100 7,721 19.3 11,713

High income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 5.4 77 2.1 47 64 99 8 1.1 91 .. 94 99 .. 3,023 17.1 100 100 8,173 21.1 13,668 1.0 .. 44,710 44,070 2006 .. 78 2.1 43 .. .. 8 .. 93 .. 94 100 0.6 3,031 –0.1 .. 100 100 7,893 20.6 13,648

5,757.2 9,764.8 13,163.9 1.9 3.7 2.9 3.9 2.2 3.2 2 1 1 28 24 23 70 75 76 10 11 11 11 15 16 18 20 19 .. 20.4 19.3 .. 0.5 –2.0 6 147.6 4.1 135 69.5 65 30 22.5 96 .. .. .. 181 2.9 ..

53.2 5.3 57 0.8 58 33 15.8 101 .. .. .. 48 1.2 ..

154.7 3.1 107 43.9 59 34 20.9 100 .. .. .. 321 2.8 ..

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.3 176 17.6 32.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.8 75 2.2 66 .. 99 16 5.4 89 97 98 105 .. 14.1 5.3 100 100 932 1.5 1,990 20.7 –1.4 4.0 6 27 67 19 21 14 28.0 –3.4 0.3 .. 5,310 9,940 2006 4.5 76 2.0 62 .. 99 12 6.0 94 93 107 106 0.5 15.1 –3.5 .. 100 100 875 1.7 2,007 19.3 7.0 6.8 9 32 58 30 30 16 27.7 –0.9 44 0.6 1.2 100 22.8 10 3 45.1 89 9.8 2.2 87.8 1.3 88.8 21

Uruguay
5.4 73 2.5 .. .. .. 23 .. 97 93 84 .. .. 9.1 .. 100 100 725 1.3 1,246 9.3 0.3 106.8 9 35 56 24 18 12 23.8 0.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 3.1 13 0.0 74 0 32.7 116 4.4 1.2 40.8 0.0 .. 52
2008

0.8 1.6 41 10.6 90 2 27.9 100 8.1 1.9 28.3 0.3 36.0 17

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Uzbekistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 27 447 16.2 58.1 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) 10.9 69 4.1 .. .. .. 74 .. 84 .. 99 94 .. 30 .. 94 51 2,262 6.3 2,383 13.4 1.6 4.0 33 33 34 29 48 32 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 7.9 68 2.6 39 67 96 62 .. 99 99 95 98 .. 32 357.9 87 61 2,044 5.2 1,780 13.8 3.8 47.3 34 23 43 25 22 16 .. .. 1.4 28 610 2,190 2006 .. 67 2.4 34 65 100 43 .. 95 .. 100 97 0.2 33 –0.5 .. 82 67 1,798 5.3 1,659 17.2 7.3 21.5 26 27 46 38 26 22 .. .. 15 4.2 .. 10 6.4 .. .. 56.0 .. 3.9 166.5 .. 164.0 .. 149

.. .. 7 0.0 79 .. .. .. 0.1 0.0 .. 9.0 .. 62

0.2 0.8 7 0.5 87 .. 40.1 .. 4.6 282.2 .. 75.0 .. 186

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 221 12 373 768

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 68 4.3 56 28 88 48 .. 94 86 34 101 .. 4.4 .. 59 50 .. 0.4 .. 245 2.7 1.2 16 9 75 44 59 20 20.7 –0.8 2.5 .. 1,690 3,480 2006 .. 70 3.8 46 .. .. 36 .. 99 84 40 95 .. 4.4 0.00 .. 60 50 .. 0.4 .. 388 7.2 0.0 16 9 82 40 60 .. .. .. 39 .. .. 9 3.5 .. .. 49.0 .. 86 14.1 1.7 43 11.3 49

Vanuatu
.. 63 4.9 .. 15 .. 62 .. 66 .. 18 93 .. 4.4 .. 60 .. .. 0.4 .. 151 0.0 8.2 21 12 67 49 77 35 27.5 –8.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Short-term debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. 2 0.0 22 20 76.3 .. 38 9.6 2.1 13 8.0 50
2008

.. .. 4 2.1 24 1 46.2 .. 74 1.4 1.0 20 35.0 46

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Venezuela, RB
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 27 912 164.0 296.4 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 4.8 71 3.4 .. .. .. 33 .. 61 79 34 105 .. 520 .. .. .. 2,224 5.9 2,463 47.0 6.5 41.7 5 61 34 39 20 10 24.5 3.0 2000 3.0 73 2.8 93 77 94 25 .. 84 83 59 105 .. 492 1.2 83 68 2,333 6.7 2,654 117.1 3.7 29.5 4 50 46 30 18 24 21.2 –1.2 1.7 .. 6,070 10,970 2006 .. 74 2.6 90 .. .. 21 .. 55 96 78 103 0.7 477 0.6 .. 83 68 2,293 6.6 2,848 181.9 10.3 16.9 4 55 40 37 21 25 28.4 2.2 141 4.5 1.1 85 15.3 .. 2 54.3 184 45 11.8 13.3 –0.5 165.0 58

17.8 1.9 8 0.0 36 4 52.8 90 33 2.0 23.3 0.5 1.0 76

6.9 1.3 33 3.4 34 3 42.5 100 42 8.2 16.7 4.7 17.0 76

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East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 84 329 58.5 194.4

Vietnam
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.2 69 1.9 23 74 68 30 26.7 97 96 65 93 .. 117 19.5 78 53 482 0.7 295 31.2 6.8 3.4 25 37 39 55 57 30 .. .. .. 65 3.6 .. 53 .. 53 .. 88 .. 32 .. .. 94 .. 65 36 367 0.3 98 6.5 5.1 42.1 39 23 39 36 45 13 .. ..

Low income
1.2 29 700 2,310 2006 7.1 71 2.1 18 76 88 17 .. 93 92 76 97 0.5 129 –2.2 .. 85 61 617 1.2 573 61.0 8.2 7.3 20 42 38 73 77 36 .. .. 50 14.9 .. 31 17.5 .. 5 137.7 97 20 2.5 2.6 2.3 4.8 1.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 7.9 0 0.0 24 .. 79.7 .. 23 1.8 .. 0.2 .. 0.2
2008

.. .. 4 0.3 25 11 96.6 100 13 0.9 7.5 1.3 2.0 1.7

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221

Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 109 350 .. .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 74 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 120 .. .. .. .. 81.03 .. 1.6 7.1 4.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High income
–0.1 .. .. .. 2006 .. 79 2.2 32 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 140 27.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 78 2.4 43 .. 98 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. 111.57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 45 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 95 13.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

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Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

West Bank and Gaza
3.8 6.0 4.5 14.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 5.1 99 .. 97 27 .. .. 103 82 103 .. 90 .. 92 73 .. .. .. 4,113 –5.6 2.9 .. .. .. 16 71 33 .. .. .. 69 6.3 .. .. .. 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Lower middle income
4.0 .. 1,230 3,720 2006 .. 73 4.6 82 50 99 22 .. .. 89 94 104 .. 90 0.00 .. 92 73 .. .. .. 4,059 1.4 –0.3 .. .. .. 16 70 27 .. .. 92 67.2 .. 31 7.0 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 598.0 1.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. .. 3 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

18.6 .. 15 1.2 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 858.8 0.6

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Yemen, Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 22 528 16.4 45.5 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Remittances received ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) 6.1 54 8.0 .. 10 16 139 .. 69 .. .. .. .. 5.5 .. 71 32 208 0.8 119 4.8 2.0 17.1 24 27 49 14 20 15 18.9 –7.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 7.4 59 6.3 90 .. .. 110 .. 71 55 43 56 .. 5.5 161.7 69 39 268 0.9 136 9.4 4.4 25.8 10 47 43 42 37 19 23.9 –2.3 3.0 .. 760 2,090 2006 7.2 62 5.6 73 .. .. 100 .. 80 60 46 66 0.2 5.5 0.00 .. 67 43 319 1.0 174 19.1 3.3 13.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 .. 6.0 14 1.2 9 5 64.1 150 5.6 0.3 2.4 1.1 1.3 284

.. 7.7 1 0.0 9 0 46.9 .. 6.4 1.2 5.6 –0.1 1.5 400

.. 5.0 2 0.1 16 0 67.8 100 5.1 0.7 4.5 0.0 1.3 263

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 12 753 7.4 13.4

Zambia
Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.4 40 5.8 144 34 43 182 23.3 85 60 23 91 15.6 447 2.2 55 51 600 0.2 595 3.2 3.6 30.0 22 25 52 27 41 17 19.7 1.8 1.9 68 630 1,140 2006 3.6 42 5.3 130 .. .. 182 .. 84 84 36 96 17.0 425 1.0 .. 58 55 621 0.2 721 10.7 6.2 12.2 22 33 45 38 30 24 17.7 –2.8 33 11.0 2.3 15 4.3 .. 2 61.6 187 2.3 0.5 3.6 575 57.7 1.4 3.0 48 6.4 .. 15 51 180 21.2 90 .. 23 .. .. 491 .. 50 44 673 0.3 754 3.3 –0.5 106.4 21 51 28 36 37 17 20.4 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 3.7 1 0.0 17 .. 76.9 207 6.9 1.4 14.7 203 .. 0.5
2008

7.3 0.8 2 0.2 22 0 51.2 100 5.7 0.1 20.8 122 .. 0.8

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Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 13 391 4.5 .. 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Short-term debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 4.0 61 5.1 .. 43 70 76 8.0 87 97 49 92 .. 222 .. 78 50 895 1.6 861 8.8 7.0 14.7 16 33 50 23 23 17 24.1 –2.6

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2000 .. 43 3.8 85 54 73 105 11.5 70 89 43 94 .. 191 34.2 80 52 792 1.2 843 7.4 –7.9 56.2 18 25 57 36 36 14 .. .. 0.8 .. 340 .. 2006 .. 43 3.8 62 60 80 105 14.0 90 .. .. .. 18.1 175 1.6 .. 81 53 741 0.8 953 3.4 –5.3 237.9 19 24 57 57 73 17 .. .. 96 70.3 0.0 9 9.2 .. 2 121.4 93 4.7 1.1 .. 40 .. 280

27.3 0.0 1 0.0 14 2 40.7 98 3.3 0.6 23.1 –12 1.0 334

32.9 0.0 4 0.4 19 2 51.2 100 3.8 0.6 .. 23 .. 176

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Glossary
Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Health Organization) Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health Organization) Adolescent fertility is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15–19. (United Nations Population Division) Aid is official development assistance or official aid flows (net of repayment of principal) as defined by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) that are made to countries and territories on the DAC list of aid recipients. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita are emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement divided by midyear population. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center) Central government cash surplus/deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. Before 2005 nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. The concept of cash surplus or deficit is close to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which is brought into the balance sheet as a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). (International Monetary Fund)

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Glossary
Central government revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered revenue but are excluded here. (International Monetary Fund) Child immunization, measles, is the percentage of children ages 12–23 months at the time of the survey who received a dose of measles vaccine by age 12 months or at any time before the interview date. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of the vaccine. (World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund) Child malnutrition, underweight, is the percentage of children under age five whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below median for the international reference population ages 0–59 months. The data conform to the new Child Growth Standards released by the World Health Organization in 2006. (World Health Organization) Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union ages 15–49 who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest areas to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Electricity use per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports less exports divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Energy use per capita is the use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transportation, divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services. Compensation of employees, investment income (formerly called factor

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services), and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Fixed-line and mobile subscribers are subscribers to fixed-line telephone service (telephone lines connecting a customer’s equipment to the public switched telephone network) and mobile telephone service (automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network). (International Telecommunication Union) Foreign direct investment, net inflows, are investments to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. They are the sum of inflows of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. (World Bank and International Monetary Fund) Forests are land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Freshwater use is total freshwater withdrawals for domestic, industrial, and agricultural use, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Internal resources refer to internal renewable resources only (flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country). Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because rivers flows from other countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute) GDP is gross domestic product at purchaser prices. It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GDP growth is the one-year rate of growth in real gross domestic product. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GDP implicit price deflator is the one-year rate of price change in the economy as a whole. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GNI is gross national income. It is calculated as gross domestic product (GDP) plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and

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Glossary
investment income) from abroad. GDP is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. (World Bank) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (World Bank) GNI, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP). An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (World Bank) GNI per capita, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP), divided by midyear population. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (World Bank) Gross capital formation is outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchase; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales and work in progress. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Gross secondary enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to secondary education. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that begins at the primary level and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics)

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High-technology exports are products with high research and development intensity, as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, and scientific instruments. (United Nations Statistics Division’s Commodity Trade database) HIV prevalence rate is the percentage of people ages 15–49 who are infected with HIV. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and World Health Organization) Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services. Labor and property income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. (International Telecommunication Union) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Merchandise trade is the sum of merchandise exports and imports measured in current U.S. dollars. (World Trade Organization and World Bank) Military expenditures include all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (included in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans’ benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) [Note for China: Estimate differs from official statistics of the government of China, which has published the following estimates for military expenditure: 1.6 percent in 1990 and 1.4 percent in 2005.]

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Glossary
National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Data are for most recent estimate since 2000. Figures in italics are for years other than 2006. (World Bank) Net barter terms of trade are the ratio of the export price index to the corresponding import price index measured relative to the base year 2000. (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and International Monetary Fund) Paved roads are roads surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country’s roads, measured in length. (International Road Federation) Population is the midyear estimate of all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship, except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Population growth is the exponential growth rate from the previous midyear population. (World Bank) Primary completion rate, total, is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by dividing the total number of students in the last grade of primary school minus the number of repeaters in that grade by the total number of children of official completing age. Because of the change from International Standard Classification of Education 1976 (ISCED76) to ISCED97 in 1998, data before 1999 are not fully comparable with data from 1999 onward. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school is the ratio of the female to male gross enrollment rate in primary and secondary school. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Remittances received are current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank) Share of poorest 20% in national consumption or income is the share of total national income or consumption that accrues to the poorest quintile. (World Bank)

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Short-term debt is debt owed to nonresidents having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. (World Bank) Starting a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for legally operating a business. If a procedure can be expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. (World Bank) Stock market capitalization is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. (Standard and Poor’s) Surface area is a country’s total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid on long-term debt (public and publicly guaranteed and private nonguaranteed); interest paid on short-term debt; and use of International Monetary Fund credit, expressed as a percentage of exports. Exports refer to international transactions involving a change in ownership of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, services, receipts of employee compensation for nonresident workers, investment income, and workers’ remittances. (World Bank) Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. It is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranted long-term debt, short-term debt, and use of International Monetary Fund credit. (World Bank) Total fertility is the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations Children’s Fund, World Health Organization, World Bank, and United Nations Population Division) Value added in agriculture is the net output of agriculture (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5 including forestry and fishing) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate outputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in industry is the net output of industry (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, which includes mining,

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Glossary
manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in services is the net output of services (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. This sector is derived as a residual and may not properly reflect the sum of services outputs, including banking and financial services. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)

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1818 H Street N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 USA Telephone: 202 473 1000 Fax: 202 477 6391 Web site: www.worldbank.org Email: feedback@worldbank.org

ISBN 978-0-8213-7400-9

SKU 17400

AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN THE BAHAMAS BAHRAIN BANGLADESH BARBADOS BELARUS BELGIUM BELIZE BENIN BERMUDA BHUTAN BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BULGARIA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMBODIA CAMEROON CANADA CAPE VERDE CAYMAN ISLANDS CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD CHANNEL ISLANDS CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO COSTA RICA CÔTE D’IVOIRE CROATIA CUBA CYPRUS CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK DJIBOUTI DOMINICA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EL SALVADOR EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FAEROE ISLANDS FIJI FINLAND FRANCE FRENCH POLYNESIA GABON THE GAMBIA GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GREENLAND GRENADA GUAM GUATEMALA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU GUYANA HAITI HONDURAS HONG KONG, CHINA HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN IRAQ IRELAND ISLE OF MAN ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KIRIBATI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF KOREA REPUBLIC OF KOREA KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACAO, CHINA FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MAYOTTE MEXICO FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO MONGOLIA MONTENEGRO MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIBIA NEPAL NETHERLANDS NETHERLANDS ANTILLES NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS NORWAY OMAN PAKISTAN PALAU PANAMA PAPUA NEW GUINEA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QATAR ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAMOA SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SINGAPORE SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SPAIN SRI LANKA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. VINCENT & GRENADINES SUDAN SURINAME SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN TANZANIA THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA TURKEY TURKMENISTAN UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVIARANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNAM U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WEST BANK AND GAZA REPUBLIC OF YEMEN ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE

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