2009

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK

Copyright © 2009 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing April 2009 ISBN: 978-0-8213-7847-2 E-ISBN: 978-0-8213-7848-9 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-7847-2 The Little Data Book 2009 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency of the World Bank. Editing, design, and layout by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K.

Contents
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi Regional tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

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2009

iii

Acknowledgments
The Little Data Book 2009 was prepared by a team led by Sulekha Patel, under the supervision of Eric Swanson, and comprising Awatif Abuzeid, Mehdi Akhlaghi, Azita Amjadi, Uranbileg Batjargal, David Cieslikowski, Masako Hiraga, Kiyomi Horiuchi, Soong Sup Lee, Ibrahim Levent, Raymond Muhula, Changqing Sun, and K. M. Vijayalakshmi. The work was carried out under the management of Shaida Badiee. Richard Fix, with the assistance of Azita Amjadi, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, Beatriz Prieto-Oramas, and William Prince, coordinated all stages of production. Meta de Coquereaumont, Christopher Trott, and Elaine Wilson of Communications Development Incorporated, provided design, editing, and layout. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

iv

2009

The Little Data Book

Introduction
The Little Data Book 2009 is a pocket edition of World Development Indicators 2009. It is intended as a quick reference for users of the World Development Indicators 2009 book and CD-ROM and WDI Online, our electronic subscription database. Together, they cover more than 800 indicators and span more than 40 years. The 209 country tables in The Little Data Book present the latest available data for World Bank member countries and other economies with populations of more than 30,000. The 14 summary tables cover regional and income group aggregates. For more information about these data or other World Bank data publications, visit our data Web site at www.worldbank.org/data, e-mail us at data@worldbank.org, call our data hotline 800 590 1906 or 202 473 7824, or fax us at 202 522 1498. To order World Development Indicators 2009 or the World Development Indicators 2009 CD-ROM, visit the publications Web site at www.worldbank.org/ publications, call 800.645.7247 or 703.661.1580, or fax 703.661.1501.

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Data notes
The data in this book are for 1990, 2000, and 2007 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary. • Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. • Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.

Symbols used: .. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data. 0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places. $ indicates current U.S. dollars. Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the Notes on page 227.

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please visit our Web site www.developmentgoals.org or see World Development Indicators 2009.

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Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

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World
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6,610 133,946 52,850.4 65,752.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 65 3.2 .. 57 50 93 .. 73 79 51 86 0.3 2000 .. 67 2.7 60 .. .. 83 .. 73 83 61 93 0.9 1.2 7,995 9,947 2007 .. 69 2.5 52 60 65 68 23 82 86 66 96 0.8

40,457

39,792

76 51 1,686 4.3 2,126

82 57 1,670 4.1 2,391

39,426 0.2 8.9 86 60 1,820 4.5 2,751

21,883.2 31,969.0 54,583.8 2.9 4.1 3.8 7.8 4.5 4.9 5 4 3 33 29 28 61 67 69 19 25 28 19 25 29 23 22 22 .. 25.9 26.8 .. –0.1 –0.8

47.5 3.6 0 0.1 36 17

102.4 2.3 12 6.7 36 23

38 121.3 2.5 51 21.8 .. 18

32.2 .. .. .. .. 69 204 59

41.1 .. .. .. .. 132 1,519 58

51.0 .. .. .. .. 371 2,139 105

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2009

The Little Data Book

East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,912 16,299 4,172.8 9,503.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 67 2.4 .. 75 48 56 .. 89 101 47 89 0.1 2000 .. 70 2.0 17 .. .. 41 .. 83 .. 62 96 0.2 0.8 2,182 4,969 2007 .. 72 1.9 17 78 87 27 13 90 98 73 99 0.2

4,580

4,461

68 48 718 1.9 463

80 60 839 2.3 880

4,507 –0.1 10.1 87 66 1,258 3.6 1,669

670.0 1,721.8 4,365.5 5.5 7.6 11.4 5.8 3.4 4.5 25 15 12 40 44 47 35 41 41 24 36 48 23 32 39 35 32 38 9.2 8.4 11.6 .. –2.6 –1.1

16.4 2.4 0 0.0 24 16

47.1 1.7 6 1.9 34 31

44 165.1 1.8 44 14.6 .. 31

47.0 .. 234 17.6 –1,686 3.3 11 7.7

59.5 .. 498 11.4 –2,675 16.7 45 8.6

75.3 .. 741 4.0 –3,847 65.3 175 8.6

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3

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 446 23,972 2,697.2 5,018.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 69 2.3 .. .. .. 49 .. 83 93 85 100 .. 2000 .. 68 1.6 35 .. .. 37 .. 94 95 87 100 0.3 0.2 6,052 11,262 2007 .. 70 1.7 29 .. 95 23 .. 97 98 88 102 0.6

8,834

8,853

90 88 3,887 10.4 4,354

93 89 2,632 6.5 3,290

8,857 –0.02 7.1 95 89 2,930 7.0 3,835

1,089.8 –1.3 13.6 15 41 44 21 21 25 .. ..

900.8 3,156.1 6.8 6.9 12.5 9.6 10 7 34 34 57 60 35 34 32 36 21 25 29.8 30.1 1.4 1.8

2.0 4.2 0 0.0 77 ..

17.5 3.1 8 2.6 74 9

23 77.3 2.7 95 21.4 .. 6

41.0 .. 188 .. –404 3.4 2.6 3.5

51.7 .. 440 18.6 –2,515 12.8 20.2 10.0

56.6 .. 1,262 18.7 –1,798 50.4 156.4 5.8

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Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 561 20,421 3,252.1 5,426.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 68 3.2 .. 56 72 55 .. 76 84 51 98 0.3 2000 .. 72 2.7 83 .. .. 35 .. 92 97 83 102 0.5 1.2 5,801 9,678 2007 .. 73 2.4 77 .. 89 26 4 93 100 89 103 0.5

9,834

9,385

84 68 1,054 2.3 1,193

89 75 1,162 2.4 1,585

9,147 0.5 2.0 91 78 1,240 2.5 1,808

1,097.1 2,027.8 3,615.9 0.3 3.9 5.7 23.8 6.6 5.7 9 6 6 36 30 33 55 65 61 17 20 24 15 21 23 19 20 22 19.5 18.4 .. –2.6 –1.3 ..

7.6 1.8 0 0.0 22 7

31.6 1.4 12 3.8 24 16

70 71.4 1.3 67 26.9 .. 12

23.0 .. 441 23.9 –4,001 5.7 8.1 5.1

36.3 .. 751 38.8 –3,822 20.0 79.3 4.9

41.2 .. 826 16.0 –6,811 63.1 107.3 6.8

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5

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 313 8,778 883.5 2,318.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 64 4.8 .. 42 48 77 .. 83 78 57 78 .. 2000 .. 68 3.2 38 .. .. 50 .. 91 82 68 87 0.1 1.7 2,820 7,402 2007 .. 70 2.8 30 62 80 38 .. 90 90 71 96 0.1

200

208

89 67 849 2.5 739

89 74 1,055 3.2 1,059

211 –0.4 122.3 89 77 1,254 3.7 1,418

265.4 7.3 15.5 18 32 50 23 34 29 .. ..

431.4 3.1 7.4 13 43 44 27 26 24 27.3 –2.8

850.2 5.9 5.4 11 40 49 36 34 28 33.0 2.4

.. 2.9 0 0.0 72 ..

19.9 3.5 2 0.9 68 4

27 56.1 3.0 51 17.1 .. 4

42.5 .. 120 20.6 –1,501 11 0.8 10.3

48.1 .. 117 13.5 –1,950 13 4.9 4.5

57.5 .. 136 5.8 –2,618 32 28.9 17.6

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South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,522 5,140 1,338.7 3,853.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 59 4.2 .. 40 32 125 .. 56 62 38 70 0.1 2000 .. 62 3.4 85 .. .. 97 .. 57 69 44 80 0.4 1.5 880 2,532 2007 .. 64 2.9 67 53 41 78 41 72 80 49 89 0.3

789

807

73 18 350 0.7 246

81 27 418 1.0 359

801 –0.1 51.7 87 33 468 1.1 453

402.5 5.4 6.5 29 26 45 9 12 23 13.6 –3.4

608.2 1,443.5 4.3 8.4 4.5 7.7 24 18 26 29 50 53 14 21 16 25 23 35 12.3 13.5 –4.0 –1.8

10.8 3.4 0 0.0 38 2

26.1 3.1 0 0.5 31 4

33 133.4 2.6 23 6.6 .. 5

16.4 .. 124 27.5 –1,457 5.6 0.5 6.0

24.0 .. 160 14.6 –2,637 17.2 4.4 4.2

32.7 .. 305 12.9 –2,484 52.1 29.9 10.4

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Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 800 24,242 761.0 1,495.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 50 6.3 .. 15 .. 183 .. 57 51 21 79 2.1 2000 .. 50 5.6 137 .. .. 164 .. 55 49 25 84 5.6 2.4 951 1,869 2007 .. 51 5.1 118 23 45 146 27 73 60 32 86 5.0

6,727

6,451

49 26 685 0.9 517

55 29 648 0.8 488

6,247 0.6 3.1 58 31 670 0.8 531

301.1 1.1 10.6 19 32 49 26 25 18 .. ..

341.9 3.5 6.1 17 29 54 32 31 17 .. ..

847.4 6.2 6.1 15 32 53 34 37 22 .. ..

.. 2.9 0 0.0 16 ..

89.9 1.8 2 0.5 12 4

46 149.0 1.5 23 4.4 .. 8

42.0 .. 176 13.7 –1,019 1.7 1.2 18

51.5 .. 211 11.5 –285 4.6 6.8 13

59.7 .. 195 5.0 –1,070 18.6 28.7 35

8

2009

The Little Data Book

Income group tables
For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $935 or less in 2007. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $935 but less than $11,456. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,705. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $11,456 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Data Book

2009

9

Low income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,296 21,846 744.3 1,929.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 54 5.6 .. 22 .. 164 .. 58 .. 25 .. 1.5 2000 .. 56 4.7 110 .. .. 143 .. 61 58 33 84 2.9 2.2 574 1,489 2007 .. 57 4.2 95 33 42 126 28 76 65 38 87 2.1

5,697

5,444

58 26 481 0.7 262

64 35 453 0.5 246

5,251 0.7 9.3 68 39 478 0.6 309

265.2 3.6 8.0 34 23 43 20 27 17 .. ..

370.7 3.8 6.1 30 24 45 28 30 20 .. ..

801.4 6.4 6.7 25 30 46 32 38 25 .. ..

.. 3.1 0 0.0 16 ..

7.9 2.4 0 0.2 12 4

49 40.5 1.8 22 5.2 .. 7

38.9 .. 211 20.5 –2,368 5.2 2.1 20

48.3 .. 230 12.0 –2,414 8.2 6.1 17

62.6 .. 223 4.0 –2,858 39.9 32.0 40

10

2009

The Little Data Book

Middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4,258 77,006 12,393.5 25,666.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 65 3.0 .. 61 49 75 .. 77 84 51 85 0.1 2000 .. 68 2.4 49 .. .. 59 .. 75 89 63 93 0.6 1.0 2,910 6,027 2007 .. 70 2.2 42 68 74 45 22 84 93 70 97 0.6

25,266

24,721

75 48 1,097 2.8 1,043

84 56 1,020 2.7 1,176

24,520 0.2 8.5 89 60 1,267 3.3 1,651

3,554.9 5,660.5 13,490.0 1.8 5.4 8.2 12.6 6.6 6.1 17 11 9 37 36 37 46 54 53 20 27 33 19 26 31 26 24 29 14.8 17.4 .. .. .. ..

18.3 4.5 0 0.0 49 ..

36.5 2.0 6 1.9 43 19

42 117.0 2.0 48 15.2 .. 19

30.7 45.5 55.9 .. .. .. 1,072 1,948 3,243 20.0 20.8 10.6 –7,701 –11,470 –15,770 26 76 241 22 155 495 28 26 39
2009

The Little Data Book

11

Lower middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3,435 35,510 6,542.9 15,748.8 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 64 3.1 .. 63 45 81 .. 76 83 47 82 0.1 2000 .. 67 2.5 47 .. .. 64 .. 72 87 57 90 0.4 1.0 1,905 4,585 2007 .. 69 2.3 39 69 69 50 25 82 91 65 95 0.3

8,822

8,615

72 41 716 1.8 533

82 50 756 2.0 770

8,609 0.1 13.7 88 55 1,019 2.8 1,269

1,419.2 2,754.9 6,896.1 4.1 6.0 10.2 11.4 6.5 6.0 24 16 13 36 40 41 40 45 46 19 27 37 20 26 33 31 28 35 11.0 11.4 16.2 .. –3.1 –1.1

10.9 2.7 0 0.0 45 9

35.0 2.2 4 1.2 43 19

35 144.9 2.1 39 12.4 .. 23

33.4 45.3 59.6 .. .. .. 502 818 1,264 21.2 13.7 6.2 –5,792 –10,613 –11,295 16 53 161 11 57 241 22 18 32

12

2009

The Little Data Book

Upper middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 824 41,497 5,853.9 9,943.8 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 69 2.7 .. 52 .. 47 .. 80 90 68 99 .. 2000 .. 70 2.1 60 .. .. 34 .. 93 98 88 102 1.5 0.7 7,107 12,072 2007 .. 71 2.0 56 .. 95 24 .. 94 101 91 103 1.7

16,443

16,105

88 77 2,584 6.9 3,036

93 81 2,099 5.1 2,833

15,911 0.2 3.2 95 83 2,300 5.5 3,242

2,138.6 2,905.7 6,594.6 0.2 4.9 5.8 15.5 6.8 7.0 10 6 6 38 32 33 52 63 61 20 28 30 18 26 28 21 20 23 .. .. .. .. .. ..

22.4 5.8 0 0.0 51 ..

37.9 1.9 13 4.6 42 20

53 88.5 1.9 84 26.6 .. 14

28.3 .. 569 18.9 –1,909 9.8 11 5.8

45.7 .. 1,129 27.7 –857 23.4 97 7.2

52.0 .. 1,978 16.4 –4,475 80.0 254 6.0

The Little Data Book

2009

13

Low and middle income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5,554 98,852 13,141.1 27,592.4 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 63 3.5 .. 54 46 101 .. 72 78 45 83 0.4 2000 .. 65 2.9 64 .. .. 87 .. 71 81 56 91 1.0 1.2 2,366 4,968 2007 .. 67 2.7 56 60 62 74 24 81 85 61 95 0.9

30,962

30,165

72 44 990 2.4 908

79 51 912 2.2 998

29,771 0.3 8.6 84 55 1,108 2.7 1,380

3,818.3 6,031.2 14,296.3 1.9 5.3 8.1 10.9 6.6 6.2 18 12 10 36 35 37 46 53 53 20 27 33 19 26 31 25 24 29 .. 17.2 .. .. .. ..

17.9 4.4 0 0.0 24 ..

35.3 2.1 4 1.6 24 18

44 113.9 2.0 42 13.1 .. 19

31.3 45.7 56.2 .. .. .. 1,283 2,178 3,465 20.1 20.3 10.2 –10,069 –13,884 –18,629 31 84 281 24 161 527 57 55 105

14

2009

The Little Data Book

Euro area
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 324 2,585 11,611.1 10,554.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.5 .. .. .. 10 .. 74 101 .. 101 0.2 2000 .. 78 1.5 10 .. |.. 6 .. 87 .. .. .. 0.3 0.6 35,818 32,560 2007 .. 80 1.5 8 .. .. 4 .. 91 .. .. .. 0.3

817

909

.. .. 3,567 8.4 5,363

100 .. 3,843 7.9 6,371

936 –0.8 21.2 100 .. 3,936 8.1 6,956

5,686.2 6,247.2 12,277.6 3.5 3.9 2.7 3.4 3.2 2.4 3 2 2 32 28 27 64 70 71 27 37 41 28 36 39 23 22 22 .. 36.2 35.0 .. 0.0 –0.7

21.1 2.5 0 0.1 93 12

87.0 1.8 60 22.8 95 19

17 85.3 1.6 117 59.2 .. 14

44.0 .. .. .. 2,374 28 61 ..

61.1 .. .. .. 3,579 33 637 ..

67.0 .. .. .. 6,887 62 779 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

15

High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,056 35,094 39,685.9 38,386.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.8 .. 72 .. 12 .. 83 .. 92 100 0.3 2000 .. 78 1.7 23 .. .. 7 .. 91 99 100 102 0.3 0.7 37,572 36,341 2007 .. 79 1.8 22 .. 99 7 .. 93 97 101 104 0.3

9,495

9,627

99 100 4,807 11.8 7,591

99 100 5,374 12.5 9,197

9,656 –0.1 9.7 100 100 5,416 12.6 9,675

18,063.9 25,940.4 40,309.7 3.1 3.8 2.5 5.1 3.1 2.5 3 2 1 32 28 26 65 70 72 19 24 27 19 24 28 23 22 21 .. 27.5 27.0 .. 0.1 –1.0

51.2 3.4 1 0.3 73 18

116.9 2.3 51 31.6 91 24

21 123.8 2.6 100 65.7 87 18

32.3 .. .. .. 10,030 38 181 2.7

40.0 .. .. .. 13,858 47 1,358 2.7

49.1 .. .. .. 18,522 90 1,613 –0.1

16

2009

The Little Data Book

Country tables
China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong, China; Macao, China; or Taiwan, China. Serbia and Montenegro Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro. Moreover, data for most indicators from 1999 onward for Serbia exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999).

The Little Data Book

2009

17

Afghanistan
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) .. 652 8.1 26.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

13.1

10.2

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

8.7 2.7 42.3 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2,462 .. .. 50 20 30 33 66 28 .. ..

8,399 5.3 9.7 36 24 39 12 56 25 7.4 –1.7

.. .. .. .. 13 ..

.. .. .. .. 13 ..

9 .. 1.5 .. .. 29 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

73.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

35.6 .. 2.0 .. .. .. 288.4 4.0

18

2009

The Little Data Book

Albania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.2 29 10.5 23.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.0 75 2.3 16 58 99 24 17.0 95 95 70 99 .. 0.3 25.4 3,300 7,240 2007 7.8 76 1.8 16 60 100 15 .. 97 .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 72 2.9 .. .. .. 46 .. 88 .. 89 96 ..

7.9

7.7

.. .. 809 2.2 522

97 89 588 0.7 1,213

7.9 –0.04 6.4 97 97 715 1.1 961

2.1 –9.6 –0.5 36 48 16 15 23 29 .. ..

3.7 7.3 4.3 29 19 52 19 37 25 23.4 –6.7

10.8 6.0 3.2 21 20 59 28 54 30 .. ..

.. 5.9 0 0.0 .. ..

.. 1.2 1 0.1 39 1

8 .. 1.8 72 14.9 .. 12

29.0 .. 0.5 4 23 0.0 20.0 11

36.6 .. 1.1 2 –278 0.6 143.0 317

48.6 .. 2.7 4 –110 1.1 476.7 305

The Little Data Book

2009

19

Algeria
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 34 2,382 122.5 258.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 2.7 10 64 92 44 5.4 80 83 75 98 0.1 1.5 .. 3,620 7,640 2007 .. 72 2.4 7 61 95 37 .. 92 95 83 99 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

6.5 67 4.6 .. 47 77 69 .. 83 81 62 83 ..

18

21

94 88 946 3.0 542

89 92 960 3.8 695

23 –1.6 54.0 85 94 1,100 4.2 870

62.0 0.8 30.3 11 48 40 23 25 29 .. ..

54.8 2.2 24.6 9 59 33 41 21 25 38.3 9.7

135.3 3.1 7.5 8 61 31 47 23 33 40.1 6.1

.. 1.5 0 0.0 67 1

.. 3.4 0 0.5 69 7

24 .. 2.9 81 10.3 .. 2

36.6 74 28.1 63 –70 0.4 0.0 132

56.9 100 25.4 .. –140 0.8 0.4 201

64.9 184 5.5 .. –140 2.1 1.7 390

20

2009

The Little Data Book

American Samoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 65 200 .. ..

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

184

181

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

179 0.00 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 3 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2009

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

21

Andorra
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 82 470 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. 97 100 80 101 .. 2.8 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. 94 .. 82 103 ..

160

160

100 100 .. .. ..

100 .. .. .. ..

160 0.00 .. 100 100 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 11

.. .. .. 83 71.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

22

2009

The Little Data Book

Angola
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 17 1,247 43.0 72.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.0 41 6.8 144 6 47 191 27.5 41 .. 15 82 1.5 2.3 .. 2,540 4,270 2007 .. 43 5.8 138 .. 47 158 .. 88 .. 17 .. 2.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 40 7.1 .. .. .. 258 .. 38 35 10 .. 0.3

610

597

39 26 597 0.4 60

44 40 571 0.5 89

591 0.2 0.2 51 50 620 0.6 153

10.3 –0.3 10.9 18 41 41 39 21 12 .. ..

9.1 3.0 418.2 6 72 22 90 63 15 .. ..

61.4 21.1 7.1 9 70 21 71 39 14 .. ..

.. 2.5 0 0.0 .. ..

.. 2.4 0 0.1 10 ..

68 .. 3.7 29 2.9 .. ..

53.5 94 8.6 8 –150 .. –334.8 266

120.1 100 9.4 21 –120 .. 878.6 302

83.5 204 12.7 10 175 .. –893.3 241

The Little Data Book

2009

23

Antigua and Barbuda
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 85 440 980 1.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 1.7 .. 53 .. .. .. 89 .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 75 1.7 .. 53 100 15 .. 95 .. .. .. .. 0.8 .. 11,650 17,680 2007 .. .. .. .. .. 100 11 .. 99 97 105 95 ..

94

94

.. .. .. 4.9 ..

91 95 .. 4.6 ..

94 0.00 9.6 .. .. .. 5.1 ..

392 2.5 2.3 4 20 76 89 87 32 .. ..

665 3.3 –1.2 4 20 76 70 75 48 .. ..

981 –1.2 –1.5 3 27 70 59 82 74 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 29 6.5 33 0

21 .. .. 133 70.7 .. 0

70.5 .. .. .. .. 13 60.6 4.6

69.0 .. .. .. .. 10 43.1 9.8

70.0 .. .. .. .. 24 390.9 4.2

24

2009

The Little Data Book

Argentina
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 40 2,780 238.7 512.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.1 74 2.5 64 .. 98 21 .. 91 99 .. .. 0.5 0.9 .. 6,040 12,970 2007 3.4 75 2.3 57 .. 99 16 2.3 99 97 84 104 0.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

4.6 72 3.0 .. .. 96 29 .. 93 .. 71 .. 0.2

353

338

94 81 1,414 3.4 1,305

96 89 1,678 3.7 2,087

330 0.4 10.6 96 91 1,766 3.9 2,620

141.4 –2.4 2,076.8 8 36 56 10 5 14 .. ..

284.2 –0.8 1.0 5 28 67 11 12 16 14.1 –5.7

262.5 8.7 14.2 9 34 57 25 20 24 .. ..

2.3 1.2 0 0.0 29 7

58.4 1.3 18 7.0 29 9

32 33.0 0.7 102 25.9 .. 7

11.6 64 62 37 120 15 1.8 169
2009

18.1 100 141 69 –100 86 10.4 53

38.4 116 128 13 –100 604 6.5 82

The Little Data Book

25

Armenia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.0 30 7.9 17.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.9 71 1.7 40 61 97 36 2.6 92 100 90 104 0.1 0.0 50.9 2,630 5,870 2007 .. 72 1.7 30 53 98 24 4.2 92 98 89 104 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 68 2.5 .. .. .. 56 .. 93 .. .. .. ..

3.4

3.1

.. .. 2,228 1.2 2,718

93 89 670 1.1 1,292

2.8 1.3 32.5 98 91 859 1.4 1,612

2.3 –11.7 79.4 17 52 31 35 46 47 .. ..

1.9 5.9 –1.4 26 35 39 23 51 19 .. ..

9.2 13.8 4.2 20 44 36 19 39 37 21.0 –0.6

.. 2.1 0 0.0 99 ..

0.1 3.6 1 1.3 97 5

18 1.1 3.0 62 5.7 89 2

.. .. .. .. –68 .. 1.8 2.7

61.5 .. 0.9 8 –225 87.0 0.1 215.9

48.2 .. 2.9 7 –100 845.9 0.7 351.6

26

2009

The Little Data Book

Aruba
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 101 180 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. 31 .. 96 .. .. .. 98 98 100 .. –0.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. .. 99 105 101 ..

4.0

4.0

100 .. .. .. ..

100 .. .. .. ..

4.0 .. .. 100 .. .. 23.0 ..

872.1 1,858.7 12.0 3.7 5.7 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 101 70 161 91 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 1

.. .. .. 145 23.8 .. 0

58.1 .. .. .. –6 3.0 130.5 30.0

54.2 100 .. .. 3 8.0 –120.2 11.5

.. 192 .. .. 8 12.6 –116.2 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

27

Australia
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 21 7,741 751.5 702.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.9 .. .. 100 10 .. 86 .. 82 101 0.1 2000 .. 79 1.8 18 .. 99 6 .. 91 .. 162 100 0.1 1.5 .. 35,760 33,400 2007 .. 81 1.9 14 .. .. 6 .. 94 .. 150 97 0.2

1,679

1,646

100 100 5,138 17.2 8,456

100 100 5,772 17.1 10,055

1,637 0.2 4.9 100 100 5,917 18.1 11,332

305.6 3.9 5.5 5 31 64 15 17 28 .. ..

405.1 4.0 2.1 4 27 70 20 22 25 26.6 2.1

821.0 3.3 4.6 2 29 69 21 22 27 27.5 1.7

35.7 2.1 1 0.6 35 8

92.0 1.9 45 46.8 39 18

2 158.2 2.0 101 68.1 .. 14

26.7 116 .. .. 565 2.4 8.1 ..

33.4 100 .. .. 469 1.9 13.6 ..

37.4 152 .. .. 593 3.9 39.6 ..

28

2009

The Little Data Book

Austria
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 8.3 84 348.9 305.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.5 .. .. .. 10 .. 60 .. 101 95 0.1 2000 8.6 78 1.4 14 .. .. 6 .. 75 103 99 97 0.1 .. 41,960 36,750 2007 2007 .. 80 1.4 12 .. .. 4 .. 79 .. 102 97 0.2

38

38

100 100 3,249 7.5 6,078

100 100 3,625 7.6 7,110

39 –0.2 3.8 100 100 4,132 8.9 8,090

165.0 4.6 3.0 4 32 64 38 37 24 .. ..

193.8 3.4 1.8 2 31 67 45 44 23 37.3 –2.0

373.2 3.4 2.3 2 31 67 59 52 21 37.1 –0.9

7.0 1.2 1 0.1 100 8

15.4 1.0 76 33.7 100 14

28 61.3 1.0 119 67.4 100 11

54.8 .. .. .. 137 0.6 0.7 ..
2009

72.3 .. .. .. 50 1.4 8.5 ..

87.2 .. .. .. 180 2.9 30.7 ..

The Little Data Book

29

Azerbaijan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 8.6 87 22.6 56.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.4 67 2.0 34 55 84 69 14.0 99 .. 75 100 .. 0.8 49.6 2,640 6,570 2007 13.3 67 2.0 29 51 89 39 .. 97 .. .. .. 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 66 2.7 .. .. .. 98 .. 66 .. 89 100 ..

9.4

9.4

68 .. 3,643 6.4 2,584

76 80 1,436 3.6 2,040

9.4 0.00 150.5 78 80 1,659 4.4 2,514

8.9 –11.7 83.5 29 33 38 44 39 27 .. ..

5.3 11.1 12.5 17 45 38 39 38 21 17.6 –4.7

31.2 25.0 14.4 6 73 21 72 30 21 .. ..

.. 2.1 0 0.0 .. ..

0.1 2.3 5 0.1 92 5

16 .. 3.0 53 10.8 .. 4

.. .. .. .. –151 .. 3.9 0.3

55.3 51.9 .. .. 1.3 3.1 6 1 –128 –100 0.1 1.3 129.9 –4,748.9 139.1 225.3

30

2009

The Little Data Book

Bahamas, The
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 331 14 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 2.6 .. 62 99 29 .. 86 .. 93 .. 3.8 2000 .. 70 2.2 59 .. 99 19 .. 93 83 80 97 3.1 1.2 .. .. .. 2007 .. 73 2.0 53 .. 99 13 .. 96 97 94 101 3.0

5.2

5.2

.. 100 .. 7.6 ..

97 100 .. 5.9 ..

5.2 0.00 .. .. 100 .. 6.5 ..

3.2 –1.6 5.1 3 16 81 54 56 29 15.7 –1.9

5.0 1.9 4.4 3 20 77 47 63 39 18.7 0.4

6.6 2.8 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.4 –1.8

.. 0.8 1 0.0 52 ..

.. 0.6 10 4.3 57 7

31 .. 0.9 113 36.2 .. 0

88.1 .. .. .. 0 .. –17.3 3.2

53.0 .. .. .. 2 .. 250.3 5.5

56.8 .. .. .. 2 .. 713.3 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

31

Bahrain
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 753 710 12.6 19.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 72 3.6 .. 53 94 19 .. 87 97 96 101 .. 2000 .. 75 2.6 20 .. .. 12 .. 98 98 97 104 .. 1.9 .. 17,390 27,210 2007 .. 76 2.3 17 .. 99 10 .. 99 117 102 101 ..

2.0

4.0

.. .. 9,804 23.8 6,573

.. .. 9,602 30.4 8,830

5.0 .. 8,935.0 .. .. 11,874 27.1 12,628

4.2 4.4 4.8 1 46 53 116 95 16 27.1 –2.3

8.0 5.3 14.3 .. .. .. 89 64 10 32.9 8.5

15.8 7.8 11.1 .. .. .. 99 73 24 30.4 3.7

.. 5.1 1 0.0 75 ..

83.1 4.0 32 6.2 78 0

9 133.4 3.4 148 33.2 .. 0

176.7 .. .. .. 18 .. –0.2 136.9

135.8 100 .. .. 17 .. 0.4 49.1

143.5 120 .. .. 19 .. 1.8 ..

32

2009

The Little Data Book

Bangladesh
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 159 144 74.9 211.4

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.3 61 3.3 150 54 12 91 48.2 76 77 46 102 .. 1.6 40.0 470 1,330 2007 9.4 64 2.8 124 56 18 61 39.2 88 .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

10.0 55 4.3 .. 40 .. 151 64.3 65 .. 20 .. ..

8.8

8.8

78 26 113 0.1 45

79 32 134 0.2 96

8.7 0.1 75.6 80 36 161 0.3 146

30.1 5.9 6.3 30 21 48 6 14 17 .. ..

47.1 5.9 1.9 26 25 49 14 19 23 9.8 –0.7

68.4 6.4 6.8 19 28 52 20 27 24 10.3 –1.3

1.1 1.1 0 0.0 7 0

2.5 1.4 0 0.1 10 0

73 9.9 1.1 22 0.3 .. ..

17.6 117 12 26 –101 0.8 3.2 2.1

32.4 100 16 9 –300 2.0 280.4 1.2

45.4 69 22 4 –500 6.6 652.8 1.5

The Little Data Book

2009

33

Barbados
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 294 430 .. 4.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 1.7 .. 55 .. 17 .. 87 .. 83 .. 0.5 2000 .. 75 1.5 43 55 98 13 .. 94 93 96 101 1.2 0.3 .. .. 16,140 2007 .. 77 1.5 42 .. .. 12 .. 75 95 103 101 1.2

17

17

100 100 .. 4.0 ..

100 100 .. 4.1 ..

17 0.00 112.5 100 99 .. 4.5 ..

1.7 –4.8 5.5 7 20 73 49 52 19 .. ..

2.5 2.3 0.8 4 16 79 50 57 19 .. ..

3.0 .. .. 4 18 78 54 63 24 .. ..

16.5 0.8 0 0.0 87 20

66.4 0.8 10 3.5 99 23

.. 181.1 0.8 81 54.8 .. 10

53.8 .. .. .. 0 38 11.2 2.6

56.1 100 .. .. –1 102 19.4 0.2

64.5 114 .. .. –1 140 62.0 13.7

34

2009

The Little Data Book

Belarus
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.7 208 40.9 104.3

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.5 69 1.3 28 .. 100 18 .. 98 102 87 102 0.2 –0.3 18.5 4,220 10,750 2007 8.8 70 1.3 22 73 100 13 1.3 99 92 95 101 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

10.5 71 1.9 .. .. .. 24 .. 94 94 98 .. ..

75

78

100 .. 4,153 10.6 4,381

100 92 2,466 5.9 2,989

79 –0.5 7.5 100 93 2,939 6.5 3,322

17.4 –1.2 103.6 24 47 29 46 44 27 31.5 –4.8

12.7 5.8 185.3 14 39 47 69 72 25 28.7 0.1

44.8 8.2 12.1 9 42 48 62 68 33 38.7 0.4

.. 2.2 0 0.0 96 ..

.. 1.3 0 1.9 96 4

31 .. 1.6 72 29.0 89 3

.. .. .. .. –33 .. 0.0 187

125.4 .. 2.1 5 0 139.0 0.1 40

118.4 .. 9.5 4 0 354.2 1.8 83

The Little Data Book

2009

35

Belgium
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 31 436.9 375.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.6 .. 78 .. 10 .. 85 79 101 101 0.1 2000 8.5 78 1.7 9 .. 99 6 .. 82 .. 146 106 0.2 0.7 .. 41,110 35,320 2007 .. 80 1.8 7 .. .. 5 .. 92 87 110 98 0.2

..

7

.. .. 4,988 9.9 6,380

.. .. 6,037 9.9 8,247

7 0.1 .. .. .. 5,782 9.8 8,684

202.7 3.1 2.8 2 31 67 69 68 22 .. ..

231.9 3.7 1.8 1 27 72 85 82 22 42.9 0.1

452.8 2.8 1.6 1 24 75 89 87 22 40.8 0.3

32.3 2.3 0 0.0 81 ..

78.7 1.4 55 29.3 78 10

4 85.3 1.1 101 65.9 78 7

117.1 .. .. .. 52 3.6 8.0a ..

157.8 100 .. .. 61 4.0 214.9 ..

186.4 101 .. .. 180 8.6 72.2 ..

36

2009

The Little Data Book

Belize
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 304 23 1.1 1.8

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 75 3.6 97 56 83 29 .. 95 99 68 99 2.1 2.1 .. 3,760 6,080 2007 .. 76 2.9 79 34 96 25 .. 96 106 79 102 2.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 72 4.5 .. 47 77 43 .. 86 .. 66 100 0.1

17

17

.. .. .. 1.6 ..

91 47 .. 2.8 ..

17 0.00 0.9 .. .. .. 2.8 ..

413 10.6 2.8 20 22 58 62 60 27 25.4 –0.6

832 12.2 1.2 17 21 62 53 73 33 .. ..

1,277 1.2 4.0 12 21 66 60 62 19 .. ..

.. 1.2 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 7 6.0 17 0

44 .. .. 39 10.5 .. 0

83.3 .. 0.1 7 –4 18 17.2 30
2009

89.2 100 0.6 16 –1 22 23.3 15

74.5 79 1.1 69 –1 75 112.3 23

The Little Data Book

37

Benin
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.0 113 5.1 11.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 54 6.0 142 19 66 144 21.5 72 35 20 64 1.3 3.0 .. 570 1,310 2007 .. 57 5.4 120 17 74 123 .. 61 64 32 73 1.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 53 6.7 .. .. .. 184 .. 79 18 9 49 0.1

33

27

63 12 324 0.1 34

64 24 277 0.2 55

24 2.3 1.3 65 30 321 0.3 69

1.8 3.2 1.6 36 13 51 14 26 14 .. ..

2.3 5.8 3.2 37 14 50 15 28 19 16.5 0.7

5.4 4.6 2.9 32 13 54 13 26 20 17.2 0.3

.. 1.8 0 0.0 20 ..

.. 0.6 1 0.2 20 0

31 .. 1.1 21 1.7 .. 0

30.0 107 1.3 8 –9 101 62.4 267

44.6 100 1.6 12 –29 87 59.7 241

39.6 80 0.9 7 99 224 48.0 470

38

2009

The Little Data Book

Bermuda
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 64 50 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 104 87 101 .. 0.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. 79 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 96 84 95 ..

10

10

.. .. .. 9.8 ..

.. .. .. 8.0 ..

10 0.00 .. .. .. .. 9.0 ..

1.6 0.0 6.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3.5 2.9 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.9 4.6 4.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 2 0.0 .. ..

61.2 .. 21 43.5 .. ..

.. 46.6 .. 94 75.0 .. ..

41.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.2
2009

22.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

19.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book

39

Bhutan
South Asia
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 657 47 1.2 3.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 62 3.4 60 31 24 106 14.1 76 52 42 86 .. 1.3 .. 1,770 4,980 2007 .. 66 2.2 37 35 .. 84 .. 95 73 49 95 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 53 5.7 .. .. .. 148 .. 93 .. 13 .. ..

30

31

.. .. .. 0.2 ..

81 52 .. 0.7 ..

32 –0.3 0.4 81 52 .. 0.6 ..

304 10.7 5.9 36 25 39 26 30 30 16.8 –5.8

448 7.2 2.3 28 35 36 28 52 47 22.4 –2.4

1,096 19.1 –0.3 21 43 36 58 51 53 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 77 ..

8.9 .. 0 0.4 .. 0

46 .. .. 23 6.1 .. ..

49.7 .. 84 .. 2 .. 1.6 46

62.2 .. 204 .. 0 .. –0.1 53

98.5 .. 775 .. 35 .. 78.3 89

40

2009

The Little Data Book

Bolivia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.5 1,099 12.0 39.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 1.6 63 4.1 85 53 69 84 5.9 79 99 80 98 0.1 1.7 65.2 1,260 4,150 2007 1.8 66 3.5 78 .. .. 57 .. 81 101 82 98 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.5 59 4.9 .. 30 43 125 8.9 53 71 44 .. 0.1

628

601

72 33 416 0.8 274

82 39 594 1.0 421

587 0.4 0.5 86 43 625 1.0 485

4.9 4.6 16.3 17 35 48 23 24 13 .. ..

8.4 2.5 5.2 15 30 55 18 27 18 18.4 –8.7

13.1 4.6 7.4 13 36 51 42 34 15 23.3 1.2

.. 2.3 0 0.0 4 7

20.7 1.7 7 1.4 7 40

50 17.2 1.2 34 10.5 .. 5

33.1 102 4.3 39 –100 5.0 27.2 545

36.4 100 5.8 37 –100 127.0 736.4 482

60.5 137 4.9 12 –100 926.5 204.2 476

The Little Data Book

2009

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.8 51 14.3 30.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.1 74 1.4 26 48 100 17 4.2 80 .. .. .. .. –0.1 19.5 3,790 8,020 2007 .. 75 1.2 20 36 100 14 1.6 96 .. 85 99 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 72 1.7 .. .. 97 22 .. 52 .. .. .. ..

22

22

97 .. 1,633 1.6 3,043

97 96 1,180 6.2 2,062

22 0.1 .. 99 95 1,427 6.9 2,385

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5,338 5.5 24.8 11 24 65 30 78 21 .. ..

15,144 6.8 6.0 10 22 69 39 74 23 40.3 1.0

.. .. 0 0.0 54 ..

.. 3.6 3 1.1 52 ..

60 .. 1.3 65 28.0 52 3

.. .. .. .. –24 .. .. 9.7

78.2 .. 2.8 10 294 1.6 0.1 736.9

92.0 .. 6.4 8 115 2.5 2.1 443.2

42

2009

The Little Data Book

Botswana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.9 582 11.5 24.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 49 3.4 66 48 94 87 10.7 90 90 75 102 26.5 1.2 .. 6,120 12,880 2007 .. 51 2.9 52 .. .. 40 .. 90 95 76 101 23.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 63 4.6 .. 33 77 57 .. 87 89 40 109 4.7

137

125

93 38 931 1.6 724

95 45 1,066 2.5 921

119 0.9 8.1 96 47 1,054 2.5 1,419

3.8 6.8 6.3 5 61 34 55 50 37 50.8 19.1

6.2 8.2 12.0 2 59 39 53 34 35 .. ..

12.3 5.3 11.7 2 49 49 47 37 41 .. ..

6.6 4.1 0 0.0 32 ..

15.8 3.0 13 2.9 35 0

78 47.8 2.6 61 5.3 33 0

98.4 98 553 4 1 86 95.9 145
2009

77.0 100 453 2 23 26 57.2 31

74.3 90 396 1 20 141 –28.6 104

The Little Data Book

43

Brazil
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 192 8,515 1,122.1 1,775.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.7 70 2.4 90 .. 96 32 .. 99 108 104 103 0.6 1.2 21.5 5,860 9,270 2007 3.0 72 2.2 89 .. .. 22 2.2 99 106 105 103 0.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

2.4 67 2.8 .. 59 72 58 .. 78 .. 54 .. 0.4

5,200

4,932

83 71 936 1.4 1,456

89 74 1,090 1.8 1,894

4,777 0.6 1.1 91 77 1,184 1.7 2,060

462.0 –4.3 2,735.5 8 39 53 8 7 20 22.8 –3.4

644.7 1,313.4 4.3 5.4 6.2 4.0 6 6 28 29 67 66 10 14 12 12 18 18 22.6 .. –0.8 ..

3.6 2.6 0 0.0 10 7

35.1 1.6 13 2.9 6 19

152 104.3 1.6 63 35.2 .. 12

11.7 66 120 22 –92 0.6 1.0 151

17.7 100 242 94 –210 1.6 32.8 232

21.9 108 237 28 –229 4.4 34.6 297

44

2009

The Little Data Book

Brunei Darussalam
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 389 5.8 10.2 19.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 3.2 .. .. .. 11 .. 99 100 69 100 .. 2000 .. 76 2.6 32 .. 100 9 .. 99 122 85 102 .. 1.9 .. 26,740 50,200 2007 .. 77 2.3 27 .. 100 9 .. 97 107 97 101 ..

3.1

2.9

.. .. 7,008 24.9 4,354

.. .. 7,566 18.5 7,539

2.8 0.8 .. 99 .. 7,346 15.8 8,174

3.5 1.1 8.4 1 62 37 62 37 19 .. ..

6.0 2.8 29.0 1 64 35 67 36 13 .. ..

11.5 0.6 0.9 1 71 28 68 28 13 .. ..

.. 6.6 1 0.0 31 ..

.. 4.1 28 9.0 35 0

116 .. 2.4 79 41.7 77 6

91.3 .. .. .. 6 .. .. 3.9
2009

83.5 100 .. .. 4 .. 74.0 0.6

81.2 196 .. .. 4 .. 88.2 ..

The Little Data Book

45

Bulgaria
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.7 111 35.1 85.0

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.5 72 1.3 45 .. 99 16 .. 89 99 92 98 .. –0.5 12.8 4,580 11,100 2007 .. 73 1.4 40 .. 99 12 .. 96 98 105 97 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

10.4 72 1.8 .. .. .. 19 .. 99 101 87 99 ..

33

34

99 99 3,305 8.6 4,759

99 99 2,325 5.3 3,724

36 –0.6 50.0 99 99 2,688 5.7 4,311

20.7 –9.1 26.2 17 49 34 33 37 26 47.1 –5.0

12.6 5.4 6.7 14 31 55 56 61 18 33.7 –0.4

39.5 6.2 7.8 6 32 61 63 85 37 37.2 3.5

.. 3.5 0 0.0 92 ..

4.9 2.5 9 5.3 92 3

49 55.1 2.0 129 30.9 98 6

48.9 .. 11 19 –186 .. 0.0 13.6

90.4 .. 11 18 –104 0.1 1.0 311.1

122.5 .. 33 15 –43 2.1 9.0 ..

46

2009

The Little Data Book

Burkina Faso
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 15 274 6.4 16.5

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.1 50 6.5 145 13 31 190 33.7 59 25 10 70 2.1 2.9 46.4 430 1,120 2007 .. 52 6.0 126 17 54 191 .. 94 33 16 82 1.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 50 7.3 .. .. .. 206 .. 79 19 6 62 1.9

72

69

34 5 .. 0.1 ..

56 9 .. 0.1 ..

68 0.3 6.4 72 13 .. 0.1 ..

3.1 –0.6 1.8 29 21 50 11 24 19 .. ..

2.6 1.8 –1.7 29 24 47 9 25 17 .. ..

6.8 4.0 3.4 33 22 44 12 27 18 13.0 –6.1

.. 2.3 0 0.0 17 ..

.. 1.2 0 0.1 16 3

16 .. 1.4 11 0.6 .. ..

22.2 119 0.8 7 –128 140 0.5 327
2009

31.4 100 1.4 15 –121 67 23.2 338

33.4 90 1.5 .. 100 50 600.0 930

The Little Data Book

47

Burundi
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 8.5 28 923 2.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.1 46 6.8 55 16 25 184 38.9 75 25 .. .. 3.8 3.9 .. 110 330 2007 9.0 49 6.8 55 9 34 180 .. 75 39 15 90 2.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

7.9 46 6.8 .. .. .. 189 .. 74 41 5 82 1.7

2.9

2.0

70 44 .. 0.03 ..

71 42 .. 0.04 ..

1.5 4.2 2.9 71 41 .. 0.03 ..

1.1 3.5 6.0 56 19 25 8 28 15 18.2 –2.3

0.7 –0.9 13.2 40 19 41 8 20 6 15.8 –2.4

1.0 3.6 9.5 35 20 45 11 48 17 .. ..

.. 3.5 0 0.0 .. ..

.. 6.0 0 0.1 7 0

43 .. 4.8 3 0.7 .. 4

27.0 128 0.9 43 –3 .. 1.3 263

27.9 100 1.1 39 –400 .. 11.7 93

39.2 129 1.5 43 192 0.2 0.5 466

48

2009

The Little Data Book

Cambodia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 14 181 8.0 24.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 56 4.0 53 24 32 107 39.5 65 47 18 82 1.6 1.7 35.0 550 1,720 2007 7.1 60 3.2 42 40 44 91 28.4 79 85 42 90 0.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 55 5.7 .. .. .. 119 .. 34 .. 30 73 0.7

129

115

19 8 .. 0.05 ..

38 16 313 0.04 29

104 1.4 3.4 65 28 351 0.04 88

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3,746 8.8 –3.2 38 23 39 50 62 18 10.3 –3.4

8,350 10.2 6.5 32 27 41 65 73 21 9.8 –1.7

.. .. 0 0.0 8 ..

.. 2.2 1 0.0 16 0

85 .. 0.9 18 0.5 .. ..

.. .. 1.8 4 150 9.0 33.0 41

88.8 100 2.6 2 80 121.0 148.5 396

115.0 85 3.8 0 10 352.6 867.3 672

The Little Data Book

2009

49

Cameroon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 19 475 19.5 39.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.6 51 5.0 139 26 60 151 17.8 49 50 27 85 6.2 2.0 40.2 1,050 2,120 2007 .. 50 4.3 118 29 63 148 .. 74 55 25 85 5.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 55 5.9 .. 16 58 139 18.0 56 54 25 83 0.8

245

223

49 39 411 0.1 192

63 47 400 0.2 171

212 1.0 0.4 70 51 390 0.2 186

11.2 –6.1 1.6 25 29 46 20 17 18 14.3 –5.6

10.1 4.2 2.8 22 36 42 23 20 17 14.1 0.1

20.7 3.5 2.0 19 31 50 22 21 17 .. ..

.. 1.5 0 0.0 11 3

.. 1.3 1 0.3 8 1

37 .. 1.4 24 2.0 .. 3

30.5 81 6.4 20 25 23 –112.8 0.4

33.0 100 10.2 21 0 11 158.8 0.4

35.6 132 3.1 10 6 167 433.1 1.9

50

2009

The Little Data Book

Canada
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 33 9,985 1,307.4 1,170.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.8 .. .. .. 8 .. 89 .. 100 99 0.2 2000 7.2 79 1.5 16 .. 98 7 .. 95 .. 107 100 0.3 1.0 .. 39,650 35,500 2007 .. 81 1.6 14 .. .. 6 .. 94 .. .. .. 0.4

3,101

3,101

100 100 7,539 15.4 16,106

100 100 8,193 16.8 16,986

3,101 0.00 1.6 100 100 8,262 16.6 16,753

582.7 0.2 3.2 3 31 66 26 26 21 21.2 –4.5

724.9 1,329.9 5.2 2.7 4.1 –3.8 2 .. 33 .. 65 .. 46 36 40 34 20 23 20.9 21.0 1.4 1.8

41.5 2.0 2 0.4 35 14

116.1 1.1 28 42.2 .. 19

5 164.4 1.3 61 72.8 .. 14

43.1 103 .. .. 889 .. 7.6 ..
2009

71.9 100 .. .. 733 .. 66.1 ..

60.8 118 .. .. 1,041 .. 111.8 ..

The Little Data Book

51

Cape Verde
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 530 4.0 1.3 1.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.5 69 3.9 97 53 89 42 .. 80 102 63 99 .. 2.2 .. 2,430 2,940 2007 .. 71 3.4 83 61 78 32 .. 74 86 79 104 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 65 5.4 .. .. .. 60 .. 79 54 20 .. ..

578

821

.. .. .. 0.2 ..

80 41 .. 0.4 ..

836 –2.5 .. .. .. .. 0.6 ..

339 0.7 2.3 14 21 64 13 44 23 .. ..

531 6.6 –1.2 12 18 70 28 61 20 .. ..

1,434 6.9 4.0 9 17 75 20 55 41 27.9 –1.7

.. 1.7 0 0.0 78 ..

.. 1.3 4 1.8 69 1

52 .. 0.6 28 7.0 .. 0

41.9 100 134 5 –17 59 0.3 105

45.4 100 325 7 –5 87 33.4 94

53.6 103 599 4 –5 139 130.3 163

52

2009

The Little Data Book

Cayman Islands
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 54 260 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 102 96 99 .. 1.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. 102 102 90 ..

124

124

.. .. .. 9.5 ..

.. .. .. 7.0 ..

124 0.00 .. .. .. .. 7.1 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 27 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 41.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.0
2009

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. –3.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book

53

Central African Republic
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.3 623 1.6 3.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 44 5.1 140 28 44 186 21.8 36 .. 12 .. 6.4 1.8 .. 370 710 2007 .. 45 4.6 115 19 53 172 .. 62 24 .. .. 6.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 50 5.6 .. .. .. 171 .. 82 29 11 60 1.8

232

229

58 11 .. 0.1 ..

63 22 .. 0.1 ..

228 0.1 0.0 66 31 .. 0.1 ..

1.5 –2.1 2.3 48 20 33 15 28 12 .. ..

1.0 2.3 3.2 53 16 31 20 24 10 .. ..

1.7 4.2 2.0 54 14 32 15 22 9 .. ..

.. 1.5 0 0.0 .. ..

.. 1.0 0 0.1 3 0

14 .. 1.1 3 0.3 .. 0

18.4 238 696 13 –41 .. 0.7 249

29.0 100 858 .. 11 .. 0.9 75

24.8 81 972 .. –45 .. 27.2 176

54

2009

The Little Data Book

Chad
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 1,284 5.8 13.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 51 6.6 191 8 16 205 29.4 28 22 11 56 3.3 2.8 .. 540 1,280 2007 .. 51 6.2 164 .. .. 209 .. 23 31 19 64 3.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 51 6.7 .. .. .. 201 .. 32 16 6 42 0.7

131

123

.. 5 .. 0.02 ..

34 7 .. 0.01 ..

119 0.6 1.5 48 9 .. 0.01 ..

1.7 –4.2 8.0 29 18 53 13 28 7 .. ..

1.4 –0.9 5.3 42 11 46 17 35 23 .. ..

7.1 0.6 2.4 23 44 32 49 34 19 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 1 ..

.. 1.9 0 0.0 1 ..

75 .. 1.0 9 0.6 .. ..

27.2 .. 0.5 4 1 1.0 9.4 311

36.1 .. 1.1 .. 69 .. 114.8 130

69.9 .. 1.8 .. 219 .. 602.8 352

The Little Data Book

2009

55

Channel Islands
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 149 190 10.2 .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 78 1.4 13 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 .. 68,640 .. 2007 .. 79 1.4 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8.0

8.0

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

8.0 0.00 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6,440 5.8 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11,515 5.9 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 6 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 3 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 2 .. .. ..

56

2009

The Little Data Book

Chile
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 17 757 135.8 204.7

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.5 77 2.1 64 .. 100 11 .. 97 98 83 100 0.3 1.0 .. 8,190 12,330 2007 4.1 78 1.9 60 58 100 9 0.6 91 .. 91 99 0.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

3.4 74 2.6 .. 56 .. 21 .. 97 .. 74 100 0.1

153

158

91 84 1,067 2.7 1,247

93 91 1,684 3.9 2,488

161 –0.4 1.4 95 94 1,812 4.1 3,207

31.6 3.7 22.5 9 41 50 34 31 25 .. ..

75.2 4.5 4.6 6 38 55 32 30 22 21.6 –0.7

163.9 5.1 4.9 4 47 49 47 33 21 27.5 8.8

43.1 4.2 0 0.0 14 5

80.3 3.7 22 16.5 18 4

27 129.9 3.4 84 31.1 .. 7

51.1 114 19 26 –40 1.0 0.7 104
2009

50.1 100 37 25 60 13.0 4.9 49

70.4 194 59 14 30 2.5 14.5 120

The Little Data Book

57

China
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,318 9,598 3,126.0 7,150.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 1.7 4 87 97 37 6.8 85 .. 63 99 0.1 0.6 2.8 2,370 5,420 2007 5.7 73 1.7 8 85 98 22 .. 94 .. 76 100 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expendituresb (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 68 2.1 .. 85 50 45 .. 98 102 38 87 ..

1,571

1,770

67 48 760 2.1 511

80 59 876 2.6 993

1,973 –1.5 22.4 88 65 1,433 4.3 2,041

356.9 1,198.5 3,205.5 3.8 8.4 13.0 5.8 2.1 7.4 27 15 11 41 46 49 32 39 40 19 23 42 16 21 32 36 35 43 6.3 7.1 10.3 .. –2.6 –1.4

0.5 2.7 0 0.0 72 6

48.5 1.8 7 1.8 87 19

40 194.2 2.0 42 16.1 71 30

32.3 102 55 12 –358 0.2 3.5 2.0

39.6 100 146 9 –1,339 6.2 38.4 1.7

67.8 79 374 2 –1,900 32.8 138.4 1.4

58

2009

The Little Data Book

Colombia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 44 1,142 180.4 363.4

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.6 71 2.6 79 77 86 26 4.9 75 92 69 104 0.5 1.3 .. 4,100 8,260 2007 2.3 73 2.5 76 78 96 20 5.1 95 107 85 104 0.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 68 3.0 .. 66 82 35 .. 82 71 50 108 0.1

614

610

89 68 747 1.7 870

91 74 689 1.4 878

607 0.1 0.5 93 78 695 1.4 968

40.3 6.0 26.1 17 38 45 21 15 19 .. ..

94.1 2.9 25.9 10 30 60 17 19 16 16.1 –6.2

207.8 7.5 4.8 9 35 56 17 21 24 24.0 –1.8

3.5 1.5 0 0.0 12 5

10.2 3.6 6 2.2 14 8

36 49.1 3.1 77 27.5 .. 3

30.7 81 17 41 –245 0.5 0.5 89
2009

26.1 100 34 28 –150 1.6 2.4 187

30.3 121 45 22 –120 4.5 9.0 731

The Little Data Book

59

Comoros
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 628 1.9 425 721

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 62 5.1 62 26 62 84 25.0 70 48 24 84 0.1 2.4 .. 680 1,150 2007 .. 65 4.3 49 .. .. 66 .. 65 50 35 84 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 57 6.1 .. .. .. 120 .. 87 .. 18 71 0.1

120

80

93 18 .. 0.2 ..

88 29 .. 0.2 ..

55 5.7 0.8 85 35 .. 0.1 ..

250 5.1 2.2 41 8 50 14 37 20 .. ..

202 0.9 3.8 49 12 40 17 33 10 .. ..

449 –1.0 3.0 47 12 38 13 39 14 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 69 ..

.. .. 0 0.3 77 0

23 .. .. 6 3.4 .. 1

28.0 .. 188 2 –5 10 0.4 45

28.2 100 237 .. –6 12 0.1 19

28.6 61 291 .. –10 12 0.8 44

60

2009

The Little Data Book

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 62 2,345 8.6 17.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 44 6.7 230 31 61 179 33.6 46 39 18 73 .. 2.9 .. 140 290 2007 5.5 46 6.3 222 .. 74 161 .. 79 51 33 73 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 46 6.7 .. 8 .. 200 .. 38 46 21 .. ..

1,405

1,352

43 15 314 0.10 119

45 25 291 0.03 89

1,336 0.3 0.0 46 31 289 0.04 96

9.3 –6.6 109.0 31 29 40 30 29 9 10.1 –6.5

4.3 –6.9 515.8 50 20 30 22 21 3 3.7 –4.0

9.0 6.5 17.0 42 28 29 28 39 20 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. 1.0 0 0.0 .. ..

155 .. 1.7 11 0.4 .. ..

43.5 86 10 .. 123 .. 22.6 0.9

35.3 100 12 .. –1,379 .. 165.9 0.2

70.9 119 12 .. –237 .. 720.0 1.2

The Little Data Book

2009

61

Congo, Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.8 342 5.8 10.4

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 53 4.8 128 .. .. 116 .. 34 55 34 84 4.6 2.1 .. 1,540 2,750 2007 5.0 55 4.5 115 21 83 125 11.8 67 72 .. .. 3.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 57 5.3 .. .. .. 104 .. 75 59 47 85 5.1

227

226

.. .. 329 0.5 169

70 20 265 0.3 119

225 0.1 0.0 71 20 327 0.6 155

2.8 1.0 –1.0 13 41 46 54 46 16 .. ..

3.2 7.6 47.0 5 72 23 80 44 23 32.3 –1.3

7.6 –1.6 –7.9 5 60 35 73 43 27 39.9 9.6

.. .. 0 0.0 10 ..

.. 1.4 2 0.0 10 ..

37 .. 1.1 34 1.9 .. ..

57.2 63 4.9 35 2 4.0 0.0 217

91.7 100 4.8 2 42 10.0 0.2 33

117.7 187 5.2 1 –10 14.8 4.3 127

62

2009

The Little Data Book

Costa Rica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.5 51 24.6 46.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.1 78 2.4 81 80 98 14 .. 82 87 61 101 0.2 1.4 23.9 5,520 10,510 2007 4.2 79 2.1 71 96 .. 11 .. 90 91 87 102 0.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

4.0 76 3.1 .. .. 98 18 .. 90 74 43 101 0.1

26

24

.. 94 658 0.9 1,087

97 96 842 1.4 1,518

24 0.5 2.4 98 96 1,040 1.7 1,801

7.4 3.9 17.1 12 30 58 30 36 18 17.8 –1.9

15.9 1.8 7.0 9 32 58 49 46 17 20.9 –1.3

26.3 7.8 9.3 9 29 63 49 54 25 24.7 1.7

5.5 .. 0 0.0 15 ..

18.3 .. 5 5.8 22 52

60 7.7 .. 34 33.6 25 45

46.4 75 3.8 24 25 12 0.2 227
2009

76.7 100 4.7 8 128 136 0.4 11

84.9 85 7.8 4 84 635 1.9 53

The Little Data Book

63

Côte d’Ivoire
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 19 322 17.8 31.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.0 47 5.3 143 15 63 136 18.2 73 39 22 69 6.3 1.9 .. 920 1,620 2007 .. 48 4.5 107 13 57 127 16.7 67 45 .. .. 3.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

6.8 53 6.5 .. .. .. 151 .. 56 41 20 65 2.2

102

103

67 20 345 0.4 150

75 22 402 0.3 168

104 –0.1 1.2 81 24 385 0.5 182

10.8 –1.1 –4.5 32 23 44 32 27 7 .. ..

10.4 –3.7 –0.4 24 25 51 40 33 11 16.7 2.8

19.8 1.7 2.7 24 25 51 47 41 9 19.2 –0.8

5.1 1.3 0 0.0 9 ..

11.4 .. 3 0.2 10 2

40 42.2 1.5 37 1.6 .. 32

47.9 143 17 35 325 44 48.1 686

64.1 100 12 23 175 119 234.7 351

74.1 135 14 4 –339 179 426.9 165

64

2009

The Little Data Book

Croatia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.4 57 46.4 68.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.2 73 1.4 16 69 100 8 .. 93 92 85 96 .. –0.1 .. 10,460 15,540 2007 8.7 76 1.4 14 .. 100 6 .. 96 96 91 96 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

10.5 72 1.6 .. .. 100 13 .. 90 .. .. .. ..

21

21

99 99 1,905 5.1 2,991

99 99 1,763 4.5 2,840

21 –0.1 .. 99 99 2,017 5.2 3,636

24.8 –21.1 99.3 11 36 53 78 86 14 33.0 –4.6

18.4 2.9 4.7 9 30 61 47 52 20 41.7 –6.2

51.3 5.6 4.0 7 32 61 48 56 33 41.0 –1.3

.. 7.6 0 0.0 .. 5

14.9 3.6 23 6.8 85 8

40 128.7 2.0 113 44.7 89 9

88.8 .. .. .. 7 .. .. 0.0
2009

66.9 .. 12.4 32 –150 0.6 1.1 65.6

74.5 .. 48.6 33 100 1.4 4.9 163.8

The Little Data Book

65

Cuba
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 111 .. ..

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 77 1.6 57 73 100 9 .. 94 104 79 100 0.1 –0.1 .. .. .. 2007 .. 78 1.5 47 77 100 7 .. 99 93 93 99 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 75 1.7 .. .. .. 13 .. 94 96 95 106 ..

21

24

.. 98 1,587 3.0 1,212

91 98 1,032 2.3 1,136

27 –1.9 21.5 91 98 944 2.2 1,231

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 5.6 21.3 6 47 46 16 19 9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 51 ..

.. .. 0 0.5 49 21

.. .. .. 2 11.6 .. 35

.. .. .. .. –37 .. .. 52

.. 100 .. .. –121 .. .. 44

.. 144 .. .. –129 .. .. 92

66

2009

The Little Data Book

Cyprus
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 855 9.3 19.6c 20.5 Population growth (%) 1.1 National poverty rate (% of pop.) .. GNI per capita ($) 24,940c GNI per capita, PPP ($) 24,040 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economyc GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 76 2.4 .. .. .. 11 .. 77 83 71 100 .. 2000 .. 78 1.6 10 .. .. 7 .. 86 98 92 102 .. 2007 .. 79 1.5 8 .. .. 5 .. 87 101 97 101 ..

1.6

1.7

100 100 2,355 6.8 2,737

100 100 3,067 8.2 4,047

1.7 –0.5 31.6 100 100 3,094 8.4 5,239

5.6 7.4 5.4 7 26 67 52 57 27 .. ..

9.3 5.0 3.8 .. .. .. 42 46 18 27.8 –5.5

21.3 4.4 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 64.6 0.8

22.2 5.0 0 0.0 60 6

46.7 2.0 28 15.3 61 2

.. 138.5 1.4 116 38.0 65 31

62.9 .. .. .. –2 79 0.1 38.4
2009

51.5 .. .. .. 29 64 0.9 54.4

47.0 .. .. .. 29 172 2.2 ..

The Little Data Book

67

Czech Republic
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 10 79 150.7 234.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) 11.9 71 1.9 .. 78 .. 13 .. .. .. 93 98 .. 2000 .. 75 1.1 14 .. 100 5 2.1 98 100 88 101 .. 0.6 .. 14,580 22,690 2007 .. 77 1.4 11 .. 100 4 .. 97 94 96 101 ..

..

26

100 100 4,726 15.6 5,584

100 99 3,934 12.0 5,694

26 –0.05 19.6 100 99 4,485 11.7 6,509

34.9 –11.6 36.2 6 49 45 45 43 25 .. ..

56.7 3.6 1.5 4 38 58 63 66 29 30.5 –3.6

175.0 6.6 3.6 3 39 59 80 75 27 31.0 –1.7

.. .. 0 0.0 100 ..

19.4 2.0 42 9.7 100 8

15 42.0 1.5 123 48.3 .. 14

83.6 .. .. .. –22 .. .. 13.7

107.7 .. .. .. 12 0.3 5.0 438.0

137.3 .. .. .. 67 1.3 9.3 ..

68

2009

The Little Data Book

Denmark
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.5 43 302.8 201.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 1.7 .. 78 .. 9 .. 84 95 109 101 0.1 2000 .. 77 1.8 7 .. .. 6 .. 99 101 127 102 0.1 0.4 .. 55,440 36,800 2007 .. 78 1.9 6 .. .. 4 .. 89 101 120 101 0.2

4.5

4.9

100 100 3,486 9.7 5,945

100 100 3,628 8.7 6,484

5.0 –0.8 21.2 100 100 3,850 8.5 6,864

135.8 1.5 3.0 4 26 70 37 33 20 .. ..

160.1 3.5 3.0 3 27 71 47 41 21 36.5 1.7

311.6 1.8 1.5 1 26 73 52 51 23 40.4 4.8

28.8 2.0 3 0.1 100 15

67.3 1.5 63 39.2 100 21

6 89.1 1.3 114 80.7 100 17

51.7 102 .. .. 30 464 1.1 ..
2009

60.5 100 .. .. 73 667 36.0 ..

65.2 99 .. .. 46 989 11.9 ..

The Little Data Book

69

Djibouti
Middle East & North Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 833 23 908 1.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.0 53 4.8 30 9 .. 147 .. 50 28 14 71 3.0 1.8 .. 1,090 2,260 2007 .. 55 3.9 23 18 93 127 .. 74 35 25 79 3.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 51 6.1 .. .. .. 175 .. 85 32 11 71 0.2

56

56

76 .. .. 0.6 ..

83 65 .. 0.5 ..

56 0.00 6.3 92 67 .. 0.5 ..

452 –4.3 6.8 3 22 75 54 78 14 .. ..

551 0.4 2.4 4 15 81 35 50 9 .. ..

830 4.0 3.8 4 17 79 58 79 38 .. ..

.. 5.9 0 0.0 13 ..

.. 4.1 0 0.2 45 ..

37 .. .. 5 1.3 .. ..

53.1 .. 205 6 90 13.0 2.3 194

43.2 100 262 6 30 .. 3.3 71

56.6 85 472 6 0 28.5 195.4 112

70

2009

The Little Data Book

Dominica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 73 750 292 501

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 76 1.9 .. 50 100 16 .. 99 94 95 103 .. 0.5 .. 4,030 6,930 2007 .. .. .. .. .. 99 11 .. 96 96 106 101 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 73 2.7 .. .. .. 18 .. 88 .. .. .. ..

500

473

.. .. .. 0.8 ..

97 83 .. 1.4 ..

460 0.6 .. .. .. .. 1.6 ..

166 5.3 3.0 25 19 56 55 81 41 .. ..

271 0.7 0.6 18 23 58 53 68 28 .. ..

314 3.2 0.7 18 24 59 45 64 29 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 46 ..

.. .. 2 8.4 50 7

14 .. .. .. 36.6 .. 6

104.0 .. 88 6 .. 14.0 12.9 20
2009

74.1 .. 165 7 .. 3.0 17.6 15

66.5 .. 287 12 .. 26.0 46.4 19

The Little Data Book

71

Dominican Republic
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.7 49 34.6 61.8

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.5 71 3.0 114 65 98 37 3.5 88 80 61 104 1.3 1.1 42.2 3,560 6,350 2007 4.0 72 2.4 108 73 98 38 .. 96 89 79 104 1.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

4.3 68 3.3 .. 56 93 66 8.4 96 .. 63 .. 0.6

14

14

84 68 567 1.3 383

92 74 892 2.3 716

14 0.00 16.1 95 79 816 2.0 1,309

7.1 –5.5 50.5 13 31 55 34 44 25 .. ..

19.8 8.1 7.7 11 34 55 45 55 24 .. ..

36.7 8.5 5.7 12 28 60 35 41 22 18.1 –1.8

.. 0.6 0 0.0 45 ..

0.8 0.9 8 3.7 49 1

19 .. 0.5 57 17.2 .. ..

73.2 96 4.4 10 –117 0.3 0.1 102

77.0 100 4.5 5 –139 1.8 1.0 56

57.4 95 10.3 9 –148 3.4 1.7 128

72

2009

The Little Data Book

Ecuador
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 13 284 41.5 94.8

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.4 73 2.9 85 66 99 32 .. 84 98 57 100 0.3 1.0 .. 3,110 7,110 2007 3.4 75 2.6 83 .. .. 22 .. 99 106 70 100 0.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 69 3.6 .. 53 .. 57 .. 60 .. 57 .. 0.1

138

118

73 71 597 1.6 479

88 80 674 1.7 654

109 1.6 3.9 95 84 851 2.2 759

10.4 2.7 5.9 .. .. .. 33 32 21 14.4 2.9

15.9 2.8 –7.0 .. .. .. 37 31 20 .. ..

44.5 2.6 4.7 7 37 56 34 34 24 .. ..

0.6 2.0 0 0.0 13 0

4.4 1.7 4 1.5 19 6

65 9.6 2.8 76 13.2 15 7

44.2 114 12 32 0 0.1 126.0 159

54.2 100 14 26 –300 1.3 720.0 146

61.5 114 18 19 –400 3.1 182.7 215

The Little Data Book

2009

73

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 75 1,001 119.5 405.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.0 69 3.3 51 56 61 51 4.3 98 98 85 92 .. 1.7 16.7 1,580 5,370 2007 9.0 71 2.9 39 59 74 36 5.4 97 98 .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

8.7 62 4.3 .. 47 37 93 .. 86 .. 70 81 ..

440

590

94 50 580 1.4 690

97 61 688 2.3 1,011

670 –2.8 3,794.4 98 66 843 2.4 1,382

43.1 5.7 18.4 19 29 52 20 33 29 23.0 –2.0

99.8 5.4 4.9 17 33 50 16 23 20 24.3 –6.7

130.5 7.1 12.6 14 36 50 30 35 21 27.1 –4.6

4.1 4.7 0 0.0 72 ..

28.8 3.2 2 0.7 78 0

7 106.8 2.5 40 14.0 .. 0

36.8 101 33 20 –525 4.3 0.7 5.4

18.7 100 29 8 –550 2.9 1.2 1.3

33.2 131 30 4 –525 7.7 11.6 1.1

74

2009

The Little Data Book

El Salvador
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.9 21 19.6 38.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.8 70 3.0 90 60 .. 35 .. 97 88 54 96 0.7 1.3 37.2 2,850 5,640 2007 3.3 72 2.7 81 .. .. 24 .. 98 91 64 101 0.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

2.4 66 3.7 .. 47 52 60 11.1 98 61 36 102 0.1

3.8

3.2

69 73 496 0.5 368

79 82 658 0.9 653

3.0 1.5 7.2 84 86 697 1.0 721

4.8 4.8 4.7 17 27 55 19 31 14 .. ..

13.1 2.2 3.2 10 32 58 27 42 17 16.0 –4.7

20.4 4.7 4.4 12 29 59 26 50 20 19.2 0.8

.. 2.3 0 0.0 14 ..

15.5 0.9 12 1.1 20 6

17 33.1 0.6 90 11.1 .. 4

38.4 84 2.1 15 –219 0.4 0.0 347
2009

60.1 100 4.5 7 –76 1.8 0.2 180

62.1 95 8.8 11 –143 3.7 1.5 88

The Little Data Book

75

Equatorial Guinea
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 508 28 6.5 10.8 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 47 5.9 .. .. .. 170 .. 88 .. .. .. 1.0 2000 .. 49 5.7 131 .. 65 200 15.7 51 56 33 86 3.6 2.4 .. 12,860 21,220 2007 .. 52 5.4 123 .. .. 206 .. 51 67 .. .. 3.4

19

17

43 51 .. 0.3 ..

43 51 .. 0.6 ..

16 0.9 0.4 43 51 .. 9.0 ..

132 3.3 –2.5 62 11 28 32 70 17 .. ..

1,254 13.5 46.6 10 86 4 99 85 61 .. ..

9,923 12.5 –5.6 3 94 3 93 57 47 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 1 0.2 .. ..

136 .. .. 43 1.6 .. ..

95.3 38 .. .. 0 1.0 11.1 60

123.4 100 .. .. 0 .. .. 21

131.5 186 .. .. 0 .. .. 31

76

2009

The Little Data Book

Eritrea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.8 118 1.3 3.0

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 54 5.7 92 8 28 97 34.5 86 36 25 77 1.2 3.1 .. 270 620 2007 .. 58 5.0 72 .. .. 70 .. 95 46 29 78 1.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 49 6.2 .. .. .. 147 .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

..

16

43 3 277 .. 39

54 4 195 0.2 47

16 0.3 20.8 60 5 150 0.2 49

477 .. .. 31 12 57 11 45 8 .. ..

634 –13.1 25.0 15 23 62 15 82 24 .. ..

1,375 1.3 5.9 24 19 56 6 34 11 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 19 ..

.. 36.4 0 0.1 22 0

84 .. .. 2 2.5 .. ..

77.0 .. .. .. –4 .. .. ..

80.2 100 311.1 3 –9 3.0 27.9 175.8

38.6 71 874.8 .. 229 .. –2.8 154.9

The Little Data Book

2009

77

Estonia
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 45 17.2 25.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) 10.0 69 2.0 .. .. .. 18 .. .. .. 104 .. .. 2000 6.6 71 1.3 26 .. 100 11 .. 93 91 92 100 0.2 –0.1 .. 12,830 18,830 2007 .. 73 1.6 21 .. 100 6 .. 96 100 100 100 1.3

22

22

100 95 6,122 18.1 5,891

100 95 3,306 11.7 4,629

23 –0.4 1.2 100 95 3,638 13.5 5,883

5.0 –7.1 33.7 17 50 34 60 54 30 .. ..

5.6 9.6 4.4 5 28 67 85 89 29 31.3 0.2

20.9 6.3 9.6 3 30 67 74 85 38 32.7 3.2

.. 0.5 0 0.0 52 ..

32.8 1.4 41 28.6 20 37

7 28.9 1.9 148 63.7 23 12

.. .. .. .. 15 .. 0.1 15.4

157.9 .. .. .. –37 3.0 0.4 63.8

126.8 .. .. .. 1 426.0 2.7 ..

78

2009

The Little Data Book

Ethiopia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 79 1,104 17.6 61.7

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.2 50 6.0 114 8 6 151 42.0 52 22 13 65 2.4 2.5 44.2 220 780 2007 9.3 53 5.3 94 15 6 119 34.6 65 46 30 83 2.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 48 6.8 .. 4 .. 204 .. 38 .. 13 68 0.7

..

137

13 4 313 0.1 23

29 7 285 0.1 23

130 1.0 4.6 42 11 289 0.1 38

12.1 2.7 3.3 54 11 35 6 9 13 .. ..

8.2 6.1 6.9 50 12 38 12 24 20 14.3 –7.6

19.4 11.1 16.8 46 13 40 13 32 25 .. ..

.. 6.5 0 0.0 15 ..

.. 7.6 0 0.0 12 0

16 .. 1.9 2 0.4 13 3

11.4 .. 8.6 39 780 5.0 12.0 1.0

21.4 100 5.5 13 –77 53.0 134.6 0.7

34.4 110 2.6 4 –140 358.5 222.6 2.4

The Little Data Book

2009

79

Faeroe Islands
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 48 1.4 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.0

1.0

.. .. .. 12.9 ..

.. .. .. 14.0 ..

1.0 .. .. .. .. .. 13.6 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. 0

.. .. 37 32.8 .. 0

.. .. .. 108 77.5 .. 1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80

2009

The Little Data Book

Fiji
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 834 18 3.1 3.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 67 3.1 46 44 99 18 .. 85 100 80 103 0.1 0.5 .. 3,750 4,240 2007 .. 69 2.8 32 .. .. 18 .. 81 98 82 104 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 67 3.4 .. .. .. 22 .. 84 .. 51 98 ..

9.8

10.0

48 68 .. 1.1 ..

47 70 .. 1.1 ..

10.0 –0.1 0.2 47 71 .. 2.0 ..

1.3 3.6 8.9 20 24 56 62 67 14 26.8 0.9

1.7 –1.7 –4.7 17 22 61 65 70 17 .. ..

3.4 –6.6 8.7 15 25 60 49 64 16 24.9 –2.9

.. 2.3 0 0.0 45 12

14.5 1.9 7 1.5 49 0

46 15.2 1.4 64 9.6 .. 5

93.6 142 403 12 –70 22 91.9 50
2009

84.0 100 134 3 –42 24 –1.7 29

74.3 96 387 1 –42 165 268.9 57

The Little Data Book

81

Finland
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.3 338 234.3 183.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 1.8 .. 77 .. 7 .. 97 102 114 109 .. 2000 9.6 78 1.7 10 .. 100 4 .. 96 97 124 105 0.1 0.4 .. 44,300 34,760 2007 .. 79 1.8 9 .. .. 4 .. 98 97 112 102 0.1

222

225

100 100 5,758 10.1 12,487

100 100 6,270 10.0 15,286

225 –0.1 2.3 100 100 7,108 10.1 17,177

139.6 0.1 5.8 6 33 60 23 24 29 .. ..

121.9 5.0 2.6 4 34 63 44 34 20 41.0 6.7

244.7 4.4 2.5 3 32 65 45 40 22 38.9 5.5

16.3 1.5 5 0.4 61 8

241.0 1.3 72 37.2 62 27

14 150.9 1.3 115 78.8 65 21

38.4 .. .. .. 16 63 0.8 ..

66.1 .. .. .. 20 473 9.1 ..

70.0 .. .. .. 33 772 11.6 ..

82

2009

The Little Data Book

France
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 62 552 2,466.6d 2,088.8 Population growth (%) 0.6 National poverty rate (% of pop.) .. GNI per capita ($) 38,810d GNI per capita, PPP ($) 33,850 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economyd GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.8 .. 81 .. 9 .. 71 99 95 102 0.1 2000 .. 79 1.9 8 .. .. 6 .. 84 99 110 100 0.3 2007 .. 81 2.0 7 .. .. 4 .. 87 .. 114 100 0.4

145

154

.. .. 4,012 6.4 6,127

100 .. 4,384 6.1 7,486

156 –0.5 22.4 100 .. 4,444 6.2 7,813

1,244.5 1,328.0 2,589.8 2.6 3.9 2.2 2.6 1.4 2.5 4 3 2 27 23 21 70 74 77 21 29 27 23 28 28 23 20 22 .. 42.8 41.8 .. –1.7 –2.3

25.2 3.4 0 0.1 .. 16

108.9 2.5 49 14.4 100 24

7 107.0 2.3 90 51.2 100 19

36.2 103 .. .. 272 4.0 13.2 ..
2009

50.2 100 .. .. 98 8.6 42.4 ..

45.1 101 .. .. 722 13.7 159.5 ..

The Little Data Book

83

French Polynesia
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 263 4.0 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 73 2.5 49 .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. 74 2.3 34 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.1

1.1

100 98 .. 3.1 ..

100 98 .. 2.7 ..

1.1 0.00 .. 100 98 .. 2.7 ..

3.2 2.2 0.8 1 .. .. 1 28 .. .. ..

3.4 4.0 1.0 5 .. .. 5 24 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 17 6.4 .. 10

.. .. .. 67 28.6 .. 2

32.7 .. .. .. –1 .. .. 259.7

34.6 100 .. .. 2 .. 10.9 402.6

.. 86 .. .. 2 666.0 58.2 ..

84

2009

The Little Data Book

Gabon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 268 9.3 17.8

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 58 3.6 103 33 86 91 8.8 55 76 49 96 5.3 1.5 .. 7,020 13,410 2007 6.1 57 3.1 82 .. .. 91 .. 55 .. .. .. 5.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 61 4.7 .. .. .. 92 .. 76 .. 39 .. 0.9

219

218

.. .. 1,354 6.5 951

85 36 1,305 0.9 914

218 0.05 0.1 87 36 1,391 1.2 1,083

6.0 5.2 15.4 7 43 50 46 31 22 .. ..

5.1 –1.9 28.1 6 56 38 69 33 22 .. ..

11.6 5.6 5.2 5 60 35 65 36 26 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 8 ..

.. 1.8 10 1.3 10 6

58 .. 1.1 88 6.2 .. 32

52.5 157 4.0 6 20 .. 73.5 131

70.0 100 3.9 10 14 6.0 –42.6 12

72.6 183 5.7 2 10 11.0 269.3 48

The Little Data Book

2009

85

Gambia, The
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.7 11 541 1.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.0 57 5.3 120 10 55 131 15.4 85 53 33 82 0.8 2.6 61.3 320 1,140 2007 .. 59 4.7 104 .. 57 109 15.8 85 72 49 100 0.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 51 6.0 .. 12 44 153 .. 86 .. 15 66 ..

4.4

4.6

.. .. .. 0.2 ..

86 49 .. 0.2 ..

4.7 –0.4 1.0 86 52 .. 0.2 ..

317 3.6 12.0 29 13 58 60 72 22 19.4 0.1

421 5.5 3.7 36 13 51 48 57 17 .. ..

644 6.3 5.7 29 15 56 33 50 23 .. ..

.. 1.1 0 0.0 32 ..

.. 0.8 0 0.9 35 3

27 .. 0.6 47 5.9 .. 2

69.1 100 369 22 45 10 14.1 97

48.0 100 483 .. 45 14 43.5 50

51.0 83 732 12 31 47 68.5 72

86

2009

The Little Data Book

Georgia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.4 70 9.3 21.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.6 70 1.5 43 41 96 35 .. 73 101 79 99 .. –0.8 54.5 2,120 4,760 2007 5.4 71 1.4 30 47 98 30 .. 97 92 90 98 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 70 2.1 .. .. .. 47 .. 16 .. 95 98 ..

28

28

76 94 2,255 3.2 2,673

87 93 611 1.0 1,360

28 0.00 2.8 99 93 754 1.1 1,549

7.7 –14.8 22.4 32 33 35 40 46 31 .. ..

3.1 1.8 4.7 22 22 56 23 40 27 10.4 –1.6

10.2 12.4 9.6 11 24 65 32 58 35 24.0 0.8

.. .. 0 0.0 94 ..

0.8 0.6 4 0.5 93 11

3 13.7 7.5 59 8.2 39 7

.. .. 0.1 .. –65 .. .. 0.2

33.8 .. 1.6 13 –350 274.0 0.1 169.4

63.5 .. 2.3 5 –248 695.7 1.7 382.2

The Little Data Book

2009

87

Germany
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 82 357 3,207.2 2,857.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 1.5 .. 75 .. 9 .. 75 .. 98 99 0.1 2000 8.5 78 1.4 12 .. .. 5 .. 93 105 98 99 0.1 –0.1 .. 38,990 34,740 2007 .. 80 1.4 9 .. 100 4 .. 94 97 102 98 0.1

107

111

100 100 4,477 12.3 6,640

100 100 4,174 9.7 6,636

111 –0.2 44.0 100 100 4,231 9.5 7,174

1,714.5 1,900.2 5.3 3.2 3.4 –0.7 1 1 37 30 61 68 25 33 25 33 23 22 .. 30.3 .. 1.4

3,317.4 2.5 1.8 1 30 69 47 40 18 28.5 –0.4

20.7 2.5 0 0.1 99 11

66.8 1.5 59 30.2 .. 18

18 63.5 1.3 118 72.3 .. 14

45.3 110 .. .. 1,956 4.9 3.0 ..

55.2 100 .. .. 1,134 3.6 210.1 ..

71.9 97 .. .. 1,000 8.6 51.5 ..

88

2009

The Little Data Book

Ghana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 23 239 13.8 31.0

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.6 58 4.6 77 22 44 112 20.3 84 62 38 89 2.4 2.0 28.5 590 1,320 2007 5.2 60 3.8 55 17 50 115 .. 95 71 49 95 1.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

6.7 57 5.7 .. 13 40 120 24.1 61 61 37 79 0.1

74

61

56 6 343 0.2 307

72 9 392 0.3 321

55 2.0 3.2 80 10 413 0.3 304

5.9 3.3 31.2 45 17 38 17 26 14 12.5 ..

5.0 3.7 27.2 35 25 39 49 67 24 18.1 –6.5

15.1 6.3 14.8 34 26 41 33 60 34 25.5 –7.6

1.2 0.5 0 0.0 20 2

10.1 1.0 1 0.1 30 2

34 15.7 0.7 32 3.8 15 1

35.7 100 3.7 38 –30 6.0 14.8 0.6

93.3 100 6.1 16 –51 32.0 165.9 0.6

80.9 143 4.5 3 12 117.4 970.4 1.2

The Little Data Book

2009

89

Greece
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 132 288.1 311.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.4 .. .. .. 11 .. 76 .. 93 99 0.1 2000 6.7 78 1.3 11 .. .. 7 .. 88 .. 89 103 0.1 0.4 .. 25,740 27,830 2007 .. 80 1.4 9 .. .. 4 .. 88 103 103 98 0.2

33

36

96 97 2,188 7.1 3,233

99 98 2,556 8.3 4,539

38 –0.9 13.4 100 98 2,792 8.6 5,372

94.2 0.0 20.7 9 26 65 18 30 22 .. ..

125.6 4.5 3.4 7 21 72 25 38 23 41.5 –3.7

313.4 4.0 2.9 4 23 73 22 35 26 38.9 –3.7

16.1 4.1 0 0.0 92 2

88.3 4.3 54 9.2 92 13

19 84.6 3.5 110 32.9 .. 8

29.6 96 .. .. 155 1.8 1.0 ..

36.0 100 .. .. 300 2.2 1.1 ..

31.9 93 .. .. 154 2.5 2.0 ..

90

2009

The Little Data Book

Greenland
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 57 410 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

0.0 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2000 .. 66 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 65 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.0

2.0

.. .. .. 10.0 ..

.. .. .. 9.5 ..

2.0 .. .. .. .. .. 9.8 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. 10

.. .. 27 31.7 .. 37

.. .. .. 117 91.6 .. 11

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2009

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

91

Grenada
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 106 340 414 579

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 67 2.6 55 54 100 26 .. 92 74 108 96 .. 0.1 .. 3,920 5,480 2007 .. 69 2.3 42 54 99 19 .. 98 81 99 99 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 66 3.6 .. 54 .. 37 .. 85 .. 94 94 ..

42

41

.. 97 .. 1.3 ..

94 97 .. 2.0 ..

41 0.00 .. .. 97 .. 2.2 ..

221 5.2 –1.4 13 18 69 42 63 38 .. ..

410 7.7 0.2 8 24 68 58 76 44 .. ..

605 3.0 16.3 7 29 64 32 67 52 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 55 ..

.. .. 4 4.1 61 30

20 .. .. 44 21.8 .. 0

59.7 .. 111 3 –15 18 12.9 14

70.1 100 201 5 –4 22 37.4 17

65.7 98 522 8 0 55 139.5 23

92

2009

The Little Data Book

Guam
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 173 540 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

1.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. 76 2.5 52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2000 .. 74 2.8 64 .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 72 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

259

259

100 99 .. .. ..

100 99 .. .. ..

259 0.00 .. 100 99 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 18 16.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 38.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 1 .. .. ..
2009

.. .. .. .. –5 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 1 .. .. ..

93

Guatemala
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 13 109 32.8 60.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.4 68 4.8 118 43 41 53 17.7 86 58 38 89 0.8 2.4 56.2 2,450 4,520 2007 3.4 70 4.2 107 .. .. 39 .. 93 77 56 93 0.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

2.2 63 5.6 .. .. .. 82 .. 68 .. 23 .. 0.1

47

42

79 70 503 0.6 223

91 80 636 0.9 343

39 1.2 1.8 96 84 628 0.9 529

7.7 3.1 40.5 26 20 54 21 25 14 7.9 –1.9

19.3 3.6 6.8 23 20 57 20 29 18 10.2 –1.8

33.9 5.7 6.1 11 28 61 26 42 21 12.5 –2.0

.. 1.5 0 0.0 25 ..

1.2 0.8 8 0.7 35 8

26 .. 0.5 76 10.1 .. 3

36.8 115 2.8 14 –300 0.1 47.7 201

38.8 100 3.9 8 –390 0.6 229.9 263

60.6 89 6.3 5 –300 4.3 723.5 450

94

2009

The Little Data Book

Guinea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.4 246 3.7 10.5

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 53 6.0 173 6 35 185 21.2 42 33 17 61 1.1 2.1 .. 400 1,120 2007 .. 56 5.4 149 9 38 150 22.5 71 64 35 74 1.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

3.1 47 6.6 .. .. 31 231 .. 35 19 9 45 0.2

74

69

45 13 .. 0.2 ..

61 16 .. 0.2 ..

67 0.6 0.7 70 19 .. 0.2 ..

2.7 4.3 17.3 24 33 43 31 33 25 .. ..

3.1 1.9 11.1 20 33 47 24 28 20 12.0 –2.4

4.6 1.5 17.4 17 45 38 37 39 13 .. ..

.. 2.4 0 0.0 15 ..

.. 1.5 1 0.1 17 0

41 .. .. 21 0.5 .. ..

52.3 122 2.5 20 70 27.0 17.9 292
2009

41.1 100 3.4 20 –227 1.0 9.9 153

50.2 173 3.3 13 –425 150.7 111.0 224

The Little Data Book

95

Guinea-Bissau
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 1.7 36 331 790

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.2 45 7.1 197 8 35 218 21.9 71 27 18 65 1.7 2.9 65.7 200 470 2007 .. 46 7.1 188 10 39 198 .. 76 .. .. .. 1.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

2.1 42 7.1 .. .. .. 240 .. 53 .. 6 .. 0.2

22

21

.. .. .. 0.2 ..

58 30 .. 0.2 ..

21 0.4 1.1 57 33 .. 0.2 ..

244 6.1 30.2 61 19 21 10 37 30 .. ..

215 7.5 3.3 56 13 31 32 52 11 .. ..

357 2.7 3.6 64 12 24 43 46 17 .. ..

.. 2.1 0 0.0 8 ..

.. 4.4 0 0.2 28 ..

233 .. 4.0 17 2.2 .. ..

43.0 .. 692 31 2 1.0 2.0 126

56.2 .. 804 30 –11 2.0 0.7 80

65.8 .. 744 .. 1 29.0 7.0 123

96

2009

The Little Data Book

Guyana
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 739 215 926 1.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.5 63 2.5 74 37 86 70 11.9 86 114 90 99 2.6 –0.1 .. 1,250 2,580 2007 .. 67 2.3 63 34 83 60 .. 96 116 107 96 2.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 62 2.6 .. 31 .. 88 .. 73 .. 80 101 1.3

151

151

.. .. .. 1.5 ..

89 82 .. 2.2 ..

151 0.00 0.7 93 81 .. 2.0 ..

397 –3.0 56.4 38 25 37 63 80 31 .. ..

713 –1.4 6.6 31 29 40 96 111 24 .. ..

1,080 9.1 9.0 31 25 44 88 124 30 .. ..

.. 0.9 0 0.0 7 ..

.. .. 5 6.8 7 2

40 24.3 .. 38 25.7 .. 0

143.2 .. 2.0 21 –85 0.0 7.9 168

150.3 100 1.4 10 –60 27.0 67.1 116

161.4 92 0.7 2 –40 278.5 152.4 124

The Little Data Book

2009

97

Haiti
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.6 28 5.0 10.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.5 58 4.2 56 28 24 109 13.9 55 .. .. .. 2.2 1.7 .. 520 1,050 2007 .. 61 3.8 46 32 26 76 18.9 58 .. .. .. 2.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 55 5.4 .. 10 23 152 .. 31 29 21 94 1.2

1.2

1.1

52 29 223 0.1 58

56 24 238 0.2 35

1.1 0.7 7.6 58 19 272 0.2 37

2.9 –0.1 14.1 .. .. .. 18 20 13 .. ..

3.8 0.4 13.5 28 17 55 12 32 26 .. ..

6.7 3.2 19.7 .. .. .. 11 34 26 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 22 14

.. .. 1 0.2 24 ..

195 .. .. 26 10.4 .. ..

17.2 132 0.9 11 –131 0.1 8.0 167

35.2 100 1.2 4 –136 0.6 13.3 208

32.8 84 1.6 5 –140 1.2 74.5 701

98

2009

The Little Data Book

Honduras
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.1 112 11.3 25.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.3 68 4.0 107 62 56 39 12.5 98 .. .. .. 0.9 1.9 50.7 1,590 3,610 2007 2.5 70 3.3 93 65 67 24 8.6 89 88 61 106 0.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

2.8 66 5.1 .. 47 45 58 .. 90 64 33 106 1.3

74

54

72 45 494 0.5 373

80 58 486 0.8 519

46 3.0 0.9 84 66 621 1.1 642

3.0 0.1 21.2 22 26 51 37 40 23 .. ..

7.1 5.7 30.8 16 32 52 54 66 28 .. ..

12.2 6.3 7.0 13 28 59 51 78 33 22.1 –1.1

1.3 .. 0 0.0 21 ..

8.8 0.5 3 1.2 20 0

20 .. 0.6 59 6.0 .. 1

61.4 78 3.7 35 –70 0.1 43.5 448

103.2 100 5.4 9 –180 0.4 282.0 449

115.7 81 3.2 4 –150 2.6 815.9 464

The Little Data Book

2009

99

Hong Kong, China
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.9 1.1 218.6 304.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 77 1.3 .. 86 .. .. .. .. 102 80 103 .. 2000 .. 81 1.0 6 .. 100 .. .. .. 108 81 96 .. 1.0 .. 31,560 43,940 2007 .. 82 1.0 5 .. 100 .. .. .. 102 86 98 ..

..

..

.. .. 1,872 4.6 4,178

.. .. 2,386 5.8 5,447

.. .. .. .. .. 2,653 5.7 5,883

76.9 3.9 7.5 0 24 75 131 122 27 .. ..

169.1 8.0 –3.6 0 13 87 143 139 27 .. ..

207.2 6.4 3.0 0 8 92 207 196 21 .. ..

108.5 .. 2 0.0 100 17

368.6 .. 82 27.8 100 23

11 561.2 .. 155 57.2 100 19

217.4 100 .. .. 26 .. .. 38.2

246.4 100 .. .. 300 136.0 61.9 4.3

347.3 97 .. .. 300 347.6 54.4 ..

100

2009

The Little Data Book

Hungary
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 10 93 117.5 175.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) 10.3 69 1.8 .. .. .. 17 2.3 99 94 86 100 .. 2000 9.6 71 1.3 23 .. 100 9 .. 99 98 96 100 0.1 –0.2 .. 11,680 17,470 2007 .. 73 1.3 19 .. 100 7 .. 99 96 96 99 0.1

18

19

96 100 2,753 5.8 3,427

99 100 2,450 5.2 3,309

20 –0.6 127.3 100 100 2,740 5.6 3,882

33.1 –3.5 25.7 15 39 46 31 29 25 .. ..

48.0 5.2 12.9 5 32 62 72 76 27 37.5 –2.7

138.4 1.1 5.7 4 30 66 80 79 22 38.1 –4.9

1.5 2.8 0 0.0 44 4

25.1 1.7 30 7.0 44 26

5 34.4 1.1 110 51.9 .. 25

61.5 111 .. .. –123 .. 0.0 67.0

125.9 100 .. .. 85 281.0 2.8 252.2

137.0 95 .. .. 65 413.3 37.2 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

101

Iceland
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 311 103 18.0 10.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 2.3 .. .. .. 7 .. 99 .. 98 98 0.1 2000 .. 79 2.1 20 .. .. 4 .. 91 98 108 102 0.2 2.3 .. 57,750 34,070 2007 .. 81 2.5 15 .. .. 3 .. 95 99 110 101 0.2

250

380

100 100 8,481 7.9 16,150

100 100 11,502 7.7 26,221

460 –4.1 0.1 100 100 14,237 7.4 31,328

6.4 1.2 15.2 11 30 59 34 32 19 .. ..

8.7 4.3 3.6 9 26 65 34 41 23 33.3 2.7

20.0 3.8 5.5 6 24 71 35 46 28 35.5 4.9

.. 0.0 4 0.0 20 10

51.0 0.0 76 44.5 30 12

5 203.2 0.0 105 65.0 36 57

51.3 100 .. .. 0 62 0.0 ..

51.6 100 .. .. 2 88 0.2 ..

57.5 101 .. .. 3 41 3.0 ..

102

2009

The Little Data Book

India
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1,125 3,287 1,071.0 3,082.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 62 3.2 81 47 43 91 44.4 54 72 46 79 0.5 1.3 28.6 950 2,740 2007 8.1 65 2.7 62 56 47 72 43.5 67 86 55 91 0.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 60 4.0 .. 43 .. 117 .. 56 64 41 70 0.1

639

676

71 14 377 0.8 276

82 23 453 1.1 402

677 –0.4 51.2 89 28 510 1.3 503

317.5 5.5 10.7 29 27 44 7 9 24 12.6 –3.4

460.2 1,176.9 4.0 9.1 3.5 4.9 23 18 26 30 50 52 13 21 14 24 24 39 11.9 13.6 –3.9 –1.4

12.2 3.2 0 0.0 47 2

32.2 3.1 0 0.5 47 5

30 154.6 2.5 21 7.2 .. 5

13.1 .. 84 32 –374 2.4 0.2 1.4

20.4 100 99 14 –1,400 12.9 3.6 1.5

30.8 99 221 8 –1,350 35.3 23.0 1.3

The Little Data Book

2009

103

Indonesia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 226 1,905 372.6 804.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 68 2.4 49 .. 64 48 24.8 72 95 55 96 0.1 1.2 16.7 1,650 3,570 2007 7.1 71 2.2 40 61 .. 31 24.4 80 99 66 98 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 62 3.1 .. 50 32 91 29.8 58 94 47 93 ..

1,166

979

72 51 577 0.8 161

77 52 734 1.4 400

885 1.8 2.9 80 52 803 1.9 530

114.4 9.0 7.7 19 39 41 25 24 31 18.8 0.4

165.0 4.9 20.4 16 46 38 41 30 22 18.7 –0.3

432.8 6.3 11.5 14 47 39 29 25 25 .. ..

7.1 1.8 0 0.0 45 1

16.3 1.0 2 0.9 57 16

76 48.9 1.2 36 5.8 55 11

41.5 95 70 33 –411 0.2 1.1 1.7

66.1 100 144 22 –900 1.2 –4.6 1.7

48.6 105 141 10 –1,000 6.2 6.9 0.8

104

2009

The Little Data Book

Iran, Islamic Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 71 1,745 251.5 769.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.1 69 2.3 33 74 90 44 .. 99 90 79 95 0.1 1.3 .. 3,540 10,840 2007 6.4 71 2.0 20 79 97 33 .. 97 105 73 114 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.2 65 4.8 .. 49 .. 72 .. 85 87 56 85 ..

111

111

92 83 1,265 4.0 975

94 83 1,858 5.3 1,586

111 0.00 72.6 .. .. 2,438 6.5 2,290

116.0 13.7 20.6 19 29 52 15 23 37 18.7 –1.9

101.3 5.1 26.4 14 37 50 23 17 33 23.4 1.8

286.1 7.8 20.5 10 44 45 32 22 33 37.2 10.6

.. 2.1 0 0.0 .. ..

7.3 3.8 2 1.0 65 2

47 15.9 3.0 42 32.4 73 6

34.2 .. 9.0 3 212 1.2 –362.0 105
2009

42.1 100 8.0 11 –531 0.5 39.0 130

46.1 160 20.1 .. –1,250 1.1 754.5 102

The Little Data Book

105

Iraq
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) .. 438 .. ..

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 62 5.9 .. 14 54 53 .. 75 .. 45 78 ..

8.0

8.2

83 .. 1,029 2.6 1,231

.. .. 1,038 2.9 1,164

8.2 –0.1 187.5 .. .. 1,123 .. ..

48.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

25.9 –4.3 47.4 5 84 10 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 78 ..

.. .. .. .. 84 ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. 0

55.4 .. .. .. –621 .. .. 0.1

131.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1

.. .. .. .. .. 388.9 383.0 9.1

106

2009

The Little Data Book

Ireland
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.4 70 207.9 164.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.1 .. 60 .. 9 .. 78 .. 99 104 .. 2000 7.4 76 1.9 19 .. 100 7 .. 79 97 108 103 0.2 2.4 .. 47,610 37,700 2007 .. 79 1.9 16 .. .. 4 .. 87 96 112 103 0.2

4.4

6.1

.. .. 2,943 8.7 3,776

.. .. 3,727 10.9 5,796

6.7 –2.8 2.3 .. .. 3,628 10.2 6,488

47.8 8.5 –0.7 9 35 57 57 52 21 .. ..

96.4 9.4 5.5 3 42 54 98 85 24 32.4 4.9

259.0 6.0 2.2 2 35 63 80 69 27 33.3 0.4

.. 1.3 1 0.0 94 41

85.0 0.7 65 17.8 100 48

13 55.6 0.5 114 56.1 .. 28

92.8 106 .. .. –148 286 0.6 ..

133.3 100 .. .. 92 252 25.5 ..

78.6 91 .. .. 188 580 26.1 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

107

Isle of Man
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 77 570 3.5 .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.9 .. 45,810 .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

35

35

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

35 0.00 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 4.2 9.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,564 5.3 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3,437 7.7 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

108

2009

The Little Data Book

Israel
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.2 22 159.2 188.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 2.8 .. 68 .. 12 .. 91 .. 90 105 0.1 2000 5.7 79 3.0 17 .. .. 7 .. 97 104 92 100 0.1 1.8 .. 22,170 26,310 2007 .. 81 2.9 14 .. .. 5 .. 97 101 92 101 0.1

1.5

1.6

100 .. 2,599 7.1 4,176

100 .. 3,058 9.9 6,372

1.7 –0.7 260.5 100 .. 3,017 9.2 6,889

52.5 6.8 15.9 .. .. .. 35 45 25 .. ..

123.7 8.9 1.5 .. .. .. 37 38 20 39.8 –1.9

164.0 5.4 –0.2 .. .. .. 43 45 20 40.2 0.3

6.3 12.6 0 0.1 100 10

51.8 7.9 70 20.2 100 25

34 144.2 8.3 124 27.9 100 8

55.0 89 .. .. 64 0.8 0.2 1.4
2009

55.9 100 .. .. 276 0.3 5.3 0.8

69.0 92 .. .. 115 1.0 9.7 ..

The Little Data Book

109

Italy
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 59 301 1,988.2 1,792.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.3 .. .. .. 9 .. 43 105 82 100 0.4 2000 6.5 80 1.2 7 .. .. 5 .. 73 100 93 98 0.4 0.7 .. 33,490 30,190 2007 .. 81 1.3 6 .. .. 4 .. 87 100 100 99 0.4

84

94

.. .. 2,611 7.0 4,145

.. .. 3,043 7.5 5,299

100 –1.2 24.3 .. .. 3,125 7.7 5,755

1,133.4 1,097.3 2,101.6 2.1 3.7 1.5 8.4 1.9 2.3 3 3 2 32 28 27 64 69 71 19 27 29 19 26 30 22 21 21 .. 37.2 37.9 .. –0.7 –1.8

13.1 2.1 0 0.0 100 8

70.0 2.0 74 23.2 100 9

10 51.0 1.8 152 53.9 .. 7

31.1 95 .. .. 0 5.1 6.4 ..

43.7 100 .. .. 600 1.9 13.2 ..

47.4 98 .. .. 1,125 3.2 40.0 ..

110

2009

The Little Data Book

Jamaica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.7 11 8.9 14.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.6 72 2.6 90 69 97 32 3.8 88 87 86 101 1.4 0.5 18.7 3,330 5,300 2007 .. 73 2.4 78 .. 97 31 .. 76 82 87 101 1.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.8 72 2.9 .. 55 79 33 .. 74 91 64 102 0.3

3.5

3.4

92 83 1,233 3.3 879

93 83 1,516 4.0 2,321

3.4 0.1 4.4 93 83 1,724 3.8 2,453

4.6 4.2 25.1 .. .. .. 48 52 26 .. ..

8.0 0.6 11.5 7 31 62 43 54 27 33.2 –2.6

11.4 –7.3 27.2 6 33 61 46 63 33 64.4 –28.9

19.8 0.6 0 0.0 64 0

44.6 0.5 14 3.1 70 0

8 107.9 0.7 100 56.1 73 2

67.2 .. 4.8 27 –150 0.2 137.9 270.6

57.7 100 4.7 15 –100 0.9 468.3 10.0

68.6 102 10.1 17 –100 2.1 866.5 26.0

The Little Data Book

2009

111

Japan
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 128 378 4,828.9 4,440.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 79 1.5 .. 58 100 6 .. 73 100 96 101 .. 2000 .. 81 1.4 4 56 .. 5 .. 96 .. 102 101 .. 0.0 .. 37,790 34,750 2007 .. 83 1.3 3 .. .. 4 .. 98 .. 101 100 ..

250

249

100 100 3,593 8.7 6,486

100 100 4,151 9.5 7,971

249 0.02 20.6 100 100 4,129 9.6 8,220

3,018.3 4,667.4 4,384.3 5.2 2.9 2.1 2.4 –1.7 –0.6 3 2 1 40 32 30 58 66 68 10 11 16 10 10 15 33 25 24 14.2 .. .. –1.2 .. ..

96.7 0.9 1 0.0 69 24

67.6 1.0 53 30.0 77 28

23 101.6 0.9 84 69.0 79 19

17.3 77 .. .. 158 0.5 1.8 ..

18.4 100 .. .. 280 1.4 8.2 ..

30.4 86 .. .. 270 1.6 22.2 ..

112

2009

The Little Data Book

Jordan
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.7 89 16.3 29.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 3.8 32 56 100 30 3.6 94 97 89 101 .. 3.2 14.2 2,840 5,150 2007 7.2 73 3.6 25 57 99 24 .. 95 99 89 102 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

5.9 67 5.4 .. 40 87 40 4.8 87 101 82 101 ..

830

830

97 .. 1,103 3.2 1,050

97 90 1,082 3.2 1,377

830 0.00 138.0 98 85 1,294 3.8 1,904

4.0 1.0 11.4 8 28 64 62 93 32 26.1 –3.5

8.5 4.2 –0.4 2 26 72 42 68 22 25.1 –2.0

15.8 6.0 6.0 3 29 67 58 99 27 32.3 –5.1

49.7 8.0 0 0.0 100 1

58.4 6.2 8 2.7 100 8

14 260.3 6.9 83 19.7 100 1

91.1 94 8.3 20 75 0.5 0.0 886
2009

76.7 100 7.4 13 –140 1.8 0.8 552

121.3 92 8.4 6 130 3.4 1.8 504

The Little Data Book

113

Kazakhstan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 15 2,725 77.7 148.7

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.1 66 1.8 33 66 99 44 3.8 99 94 93 102 0.1 1.1 15.4 5,020 9,600 2007 .. 66 2.4 31 51 100 32 4.9 99 101 93 99 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

9.5 68 2.7 .. .. .. 60 .. 89 .. 102 102 ..

34

34

96 97 4,505 17.6 5,905

96 97 2,835 8.5 3,170

33 0.2 46.4 96 97 4,012 11.9 4,293

26.9 –11.0 96.4 27 45 29 74 75 32 .. ..

18.3 9.8 17.4 9 40 51 57 49 18 11.3 0.1

104.9 8.9 15.5 6 41 53 49 43 36 15.9 1.2

.. .. 0 0.0 55 ..

7.3 0.8 1 0.7 87 4

21 39.5 1.2 80 12.3 91 23

.. .. 0.0 .. –595 .. 0.1 112

75.7 .. 12.4 32 –1,320 122.0 1.3 189

76.8 .. 96.1 50 –200 223.0 10.2 202

114

2009

The Little Data Book

Kenya
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 38 580 24.0 58.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 52 5.0 104 39 44 117 17.5 75 .. 39 98 .. 2.6 .. 640 1,550 2007 4.7 54 5.0 104 .. .. 121 .. 80 93 50 96 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

3.4 59 5.8 .. 27 50 97 .. 78 .. 48 94 ..

37

36

41 39 479 0.2 125

51 41 481 0.3 110

35 0.3 13.2 57 42 491 0.3 145

8.6 4.2 10.6 30 19 51 26 31 24 19.5 –2.8

12.7 0.6 6.1 32 17 51 22 32 17 19.7 2.0

24.2 7.0 4.7 26 18 56 26 37 20 18.9 –3.0

5.3 2.9 0 0.0 13 4

10.1 1.3 0 0.3 12 4

30 55.3 1.8 30 8.0 .. 5

37.9 70 7.1 35 5 0.1 57.1 1.2

38.1 100 6.1 21 –21 0.5 110.9 0.5

54.0 84 7.3 6 25 1.6 727.7 1.3

The Little Data Book

2009

115

Kiribati
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 95 810 107 194

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 60 3.8 .. 21 89 70 .. 80 99 99 122 .. 1.6 .. 1,120 2,040 2007 .. 61 3.4 .. .. .. 63 .. 93 125 88 107 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 57 4.0 .. .. .. 88 .. 75 .. .. .. ..

22

22

48 22 .. 0.3 ..

62 30 .. 0.4 ..

22 0.00 .. 65 33 .. 0.3 ..

28 2.1 –4.7 19 8 74 12 147 93 .. ..

47 –0.1 –0.9 4 10 86 10 68 .. .. ..

78 1.7 3.7 3 6 90 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 0 1.8 .. ..

21 .. .. 1 2.1 .. ..

104.8 .. .. .. .. 5.0 0.3 20

93.3 .. .. .. .. 7.0 .. 18

133.3 .. .. .. .. 7.0 .. 27

116

2009

The Little Data Book

Korea, Dem. Rep.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 24 121 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 67 2.0 2 .. 97 55 17.8 78 .. .. .. .. 0.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. 67 1.9 1 .. .. 55 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 70 2.4 .. 62 .. 55 .. 98 .. .. .. ..

82

68

.. .. 1,649 12.1 1,247

100 59 862 3.4 712

62 1.9 13.5 100 .. 913 3.5 797

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 6 ..

.. .. 0 0.0 6 ..

.. .. .. 0 0.0 3 ..

.. .. .. .. 0 .. .. 7.7
2009

.. .. .. .. 0 .. .. 73.3

.. .. .. .. 0 .. .. 98.1

The Little Data Book

117

Korea, Rep.
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 48 99 955.8 1,203.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 71 1.6 .. 79 98 9 .. 93 97 91 99 .. 2000 7.9 76 1.5 3 .. 100 5 .. 95 98 94 97 0.1 0.3 .. 19,730 24,840 2007 .. 79 1.3 4 .. .. 5 .. 92 101 98 96 0.1

64

63

.. .. 2,178 5.6 2,373

92 .. 4,030 9.2 5,907

63 0.1 28.7 .. .. 4,483 9.4 8,063

263.8 9.2 10.5 9 42 49 28 29 38 16.8 1.7

511.7 8.5 0.7 5 41 54 41 38 31 23.3 4.6

969.8 5.0 1.2 3 39 58 46 45 29 26.6 4.6

42.1 3.6 0 0.0 72 18

33.5 2.5 57 40.5 75 35

17 115.9 2.7 90 75.9 89 33

51.1 133 .. .. –189 1.0 0.8 52.0

65.0 100 .. .. –80 0.7 9.3 –198.1

75.1 72 .. .. –80 1.1 1.6 ..

118

2009

The Little Data Book

Kuwait
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.7 18 99.9 136.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 75 3.5 .. .. .. 15 .. 66 .. 83 97 .. 2000 .. 77 2.4 17 .. 100 13 .. 99 96 94 103 .. 2.4 .. 38,420 52,610 2007 .. 78 2.2 13 .. .. 11 .. 99 98 91 100 ..

35

49

.. .. 3,762 20.4 8,108

.. .. 9,322 33.6 13,378

56 –4.7 .. .. .. 9,729 36.9 16,311

18.4 25.9 –1.7 1 52 47 45 58 18 58.7 3.7

37.7 4.7 20.5 0 59 40 56 30 11 45.2 1.4

112.1 6.3 17.6 .. .. .. 65 30 20 48.3 16.3

40.8 48.7 1 0.0 73 3

55.1 7.1 22 6.8 81 1

35 167.7 4.3 104 33.8 .. ..

59.8 .. .. .. 174 .. 0.0 5.7
2009

70.5 100 .. .. 318 .. 16.3 2.8

76.7 194 .. .. 264 .. 118.7 ..

The Little Data Book

119

Kyrgyz Republic
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.2 200 3.2 10.4

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.4 69 2.4 34 .. 99 50 .. 98 95 84 101 0.1 0.8 43.1 610 1,980 2007 .. 68 2.7 31 48 98 38 2.7 99 95 86 100 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

10.6 68 3.7 .. .. .. 74 .. 94 .. 103 .. ..

8.4

8.6

.. .. 1,713 2.9 2,314

82 93 497 0.9 1,904

8.7 –0.3 21.7 89 93 542 1.1 2,015

2.7 5.7 7.9 34 36 30 29 50 24 .. ..

1.4 5.4 27.2 37 31 32 42 48 20 14.2 –2.9

3.7 8.2 13.5 34 19 47 45 90 26 21.0 –1.5

.. 1.6 0 0.0 90 ..

0.3 2.9 0 1.0 91 18

15 3.2 3.3 41 14.3 .. 2

.. .. 0.0 .. –155 .. .. 24

77.3 .. 1.8 29 –27 9.0 –2.4 215

94.9 .. 2.4 7 –75 714.8 207.9 274

120

2009

The Little Data Book

Lao PDR
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.9 237 3.7 12.2

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.6 61 4.0 89 32 19 101 36.4 42 68 35 81 0.1 1.7 33.0 630 2,080 2007 .. 64 3.2 72 38 .. 70 .. 40 77 44 86 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

9.3 55 6.1 .. .. .. 163 .. 32 45 24 76 ..

173

165

.. .. .. 0.1 ..

46 22 .. 0.2 ..

161 0.5 1.6 60 48 .. 0.3 ..

866 5.6 39.4 61 15 24 11 25 14 .. ..

1,735 5.8 25.1 53 23 25 30 44 28 .. ..

4,108 7.9 3.5 42 32 26 37 53 40 13.6 –3.0

.. .. 0 0.0 24 ..

.. 2.0 0 0.1 14 ..

103 .. .. 25 1.7 13 ..

30.5 .. 1.8 9 0 11.0 6.0 149
2009

49.9 100 2.5 8 –88 1.0 33.9 282

48.4 114 3.3 19 –115 1.0 323.5 396

The Little Data Book

121

Latvia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.3 65 22.6 35.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.0 70 1.2 19 .. 100 15 .. 97 97 90 101 0.2 –0.5 5.9 9,920 15,790 2007 .. 71 1.4 14 .. 100 9 .. 97 92 99 100 0.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

10.4 69 2.0 .. .. .. 17 .. 95 .. 96 101 ..

28

29

99 .. 2,941 5.4 3,387

99 78 1,575 2.5 2,078

29 –0.4 1.8 99 78 2,017 2.8 2,876

7.4 –7.9 24.1 22 46 32 48 49 40 .. ..

7.8 6.9 4.2 5 24 72 42 49 24 26.1 –2.2

27.2 10.3 13.3 3 22 75 44 65 37 28.1 0.9

.. .. 0 0.0 13 ..

7.2 0.9 17 6.3 100 4

16 11.5 1.8 97 55.0 100 7

.. .. 0.1 0 44 .. 0.0 3.4

64.7 .. 4.9 17 –40 72.0 0.4 91.0

86.9 .. 39.3 73 –20 551.9 2.2 ..

122

2009

The Little Data Book

Lebanon
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.1 10 23.8 41.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 2.5 29 63 93 32 .. 79 91 76 102 0.1 1.0 .. 5,800 10,040 2007 .. 72 2.2 25 .. .. 29 .. 53 82 81 103 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 69 3.1 .. .. .. 37 .. 61 .. 62 .. 0.1

1.2

1.3

100 .. 777 3.1 471

100 98 1,341 4.1 2,081

1.4 –0.8 27.3 100 .. 1,173 4.2 2,141

2.8 26.5 15.5 .. .. .. 18 100 18 .. ..

16.8 1.4 –2.5 7 24 69 14 37 20 16.4 –18.9

24.4 2.0 4.9 6 24 70 25 50 18 21.5 –11.5

.. 7.6 0 0.0 95 ..

9.4 5.5 20 8.0 85 2

11 44.6 5.8 31 38.3 .. ..

106.5 .. 1.8 .. –200 1.8 0.0 252
2009

41.3 100 9.9 25 0 1.6 1.0 199

65.0 99 24.6 19 0 5.8 2.8 939

The Little Data Book

123

Lesotho
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.0 30 2.1 3.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 49 4.0 91 30 60 107 15.0 74 60 30 107 23.9 0.5 .. 1,030 1,940 2007 .. 43 3.4 73 .. .. 84 16.6 85 78 37 104 23.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 59 4.9 .. 23 .. 102 .. 80 58 25 123 0.8

50

70

.. .. .. .. ..

77 34 .. .. ..

80 –3.2 1.0 78 36 .. .. ..

660 6.4 11.8 22 30 48 15 101 49 36.8 –0.5

853 2.3 4.0 18 41 41 30 90 43 44.3 –2.6

1,600 4.9 6.2 12 47 41 55 107 28 63.0 9.2

.. 4.2 0 0.0 18 ..

.. 3.6 1 0.2 18 0

40 .. 2.5 23 3.5 .. ..

111.2 100 396 4 –73 428 17.1 139

120.6 100 672 11 –36 252 117.8 37

158.4 79 680 7 –36 443 130.3 130

124

2009

The Little Data Book

Liberia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.7 111 531 1.0

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 43 6.8 227 10 51 164 22.8 52 .. 32 73 1.4 3.7 .. 140 280 2007 6.4 46 5.2 219 11 46 133 20.4 95 63 .. .. 1.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 43 6.9 .. .. .. 205 .. .. .. .. .. 0.4

41

35

57 40 .. 0.2 ..

63 32 .. 0.1 ..

32 1.7 0.1 64 32 .. 0.1 ..

384 –51.0 –0.2 54 17 29 .. .. .. .. ..

561 25.7 –1.3 72 12 16 21 26 5 .. ..

735 9.4 16.0 54 19 27 33 84 20 .. ..

.. 7.2 0 0.0 6 ..

.. .. 0 0.0 6 ..

27 .. 0.8 15 0.5 .. ..

374.1 .. 1.8 .. –368 .. 225.2 114

177.8 .. 2.0 .. 555 .. 20.8 67

92.9 .. 2.5 112 –119 64.6 131.6 696

The Little Data Book

2009

125

Libya
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.2 1,760 55.5 90.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 73 3.2 4 .. 99 22 .. 92 .. 108 103 .. 1.9 .. 9,010 14,710 2007 .. 74 2.7 3 .. .. 18 .. 98 .. 94 105 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 68 4.7 .. .. .. 41 .. 89 .. .. .. ..

2.2

2.2

71 97 2,645 8.7 1,603

71 97 3,184 9.2 2,227

2.2 0.00 721.0 .. 97 2,943 9.5 3,688

28.9 .. .. .. .. .. 40 31 19 .. ..

34.5 1.1 23.5 .. .. .. 35 15 13 .. ..

58.3 6.8 5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 52 ..

.. 3.1 1 0.2 57 ..

.. .. 1.1 73 4.3 .. ..

64.2 .. .. .. 10 .. 0.2 8.3

49.6 100 .. .. 10 9.0 0.1 13.8

91.1 172 .. .. 10 16.0 4.7 19.0

126

2009

The Little Data Book

Liechtenstein
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 35 160 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

0.7 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. .. .. 108 92 ..

2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. ..

65

69

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

69 –1.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 31 36.8 .. ..

.. .. .. 91 65.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2009

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

127

Lithuania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.4 65 33.0 56.8

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.7 72 1.4 26 .. 100 11 .. 97 99 98 99 0.1 –0.5 .. 9,770 16,830 2007 .. 71 1.4 18 .. 100 8 .. 97 93 99 100 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

10.6 71 2.0 .. .. .. 16 .. 89 .. 95 .. ..

20

20

.. .. 4,394 6.6 4,023

.. .. 2,048 3.4 2,517

21 –0.5 1.7 .. .. 2,517 4.1 3,233

10.5 –5.7 228.3 27 31 42 52 61 33 .. ..

11.4 3.5 1.8 8 30 62 45 51 20 26.0 –2.8

38.3 8.8 8.6 5 33 61 55 67 30 29.3 –0.9

.. .. 0 0.0 82 0

13.9 1.4 15 6.4 91 4

26 26.4 1.2 146 49.2 28 11

.. .. .. .. 52 .. .. 4.0

81.2 .. .. .. –110 0.1 0.4 99.1

107.9 .. .. .. –30 1.4 2.0 ..

128

2009

The Little Data Book

Luxembourg
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 480 2.6 34.2 29.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

1.5 .. 72,430 61,860 2007 .. 79 1.6 10 .. .. 3 .. 96 86 96 103 0.2

2000 8.4 78 1.8 11 .. 100 6 .. 91 82 98 104 0.2

.. 75 1.6 .. .. .. 9 .. 80 .. 74 .. 0.1

..

1

100 100 9,280 25.9 13,666

100 100 8,304 18.8 15,425

1 –0.1 .. 100 100 9,972 24.8 16,414

12.7 5.3 2.5 1 27 71 102 88 26 .. ..

20.3 8.4 2.0 1 18 81 150 129 23 39.8 5.5

49.5 4.5 2.2 0 14 85 173 142 19 38.4 3.2

82.9 0.8 0 0.0 99 ..

167.8 0.6 69 22.8 100 17

26 335.8 0.7 126 75.8 .. 9

.. .. .. .. 13 .. .. ..

97.0 .. .. .. 20 0.6 118.5 ..

100.9 .. .. .. 13 1.6 188.1 ..

2009

129

Macao, China
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 480 28 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 77 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 97 61 100 .. 2000 .. 79 1.0 5 .. .. .. .. .. 97 79 99 .. 0.5 .. .. .. 2007 .. 81 0.9 5 .. .. .. .. .. 103 99 97 ..

..

..

.. .. .. 2.8 ..

.. .. .. 3.7 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 4.7 ..

3.0 9.8 9.7 .. .. .. 110 84 25 .. ..

5.9 5.7 –1.0 0 16 90 104 67 12 20.7 1.7

14.2 27.3 5.6 0 19 85 92 59 36 25.6 10.2

.. .. 1 0.0 100 2

.. .. 32 13.6 100 1

.. .. .. 165 49.6 .. 1

108.4 .. .. .. 38 .. .. 0.2

81.6 100 .. .. 15 .. 0.4 0.7

50.1 91 .. .. 25 511.4 4.4 ..

130

2009

The Little Data Book

Macedonia, FYR
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.0 26 7.1 18.4

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.7 73 1.6 28 .. .. 16 1.9 97 99 84 98 .. 0.0 21.7 3,470 9,050 2007 .. 74 1.4 21 14 98 17 1.8 96 97 84 99 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 71 2.0 .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. .. ..

9.1

9.1

.. .. 1,423 8.1 2,789

100 88 1,348 5.7 2,932

9.1 0.00 .. 100 89 1,355 5.1 3,495

4.5 –6.2 93.7 9 44 47 26 36 19 .. ..

3.6 4.5 8.2 12 34 54 49 64 22 .. ..

7.7 5.0 5.1 12 30 59 55 75 23 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 59 ..

0.2 1.9 6 2.5 64 1

9 35.4 2.1 96 27.3 .. 1

103.8 .. .. .. –15 .. 0.0 ..

95.3 .. 1.5 8 –5 81.0 174.5 251.1

111.9 .. 3.8 17 –10 266.6 319.7 213.5

The Little Data Book

2009

131

Madagascar
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 20 587 6.4 18.2

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.9 56 5.5 152 19 46 137 .. 56 36 .. .. 0.1 2.6 .. 320 930 2007 6.2 59 4.8 133 .. .. 112 .. 81 62 26 96 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 51 6.2 .. 17 57 168 35.5 47 35 18 98 ..

137

130

39 8 .. 0.1 ..

45 11 .. 0.1 ..

128 0.4 4.4 47 12 .. 0.2 ..

3.1 3.1 11.5 29 13 59 17 28 17 .. ..

3.9 4.8 7.2 29 14 57 31 38 15 11.7 –2.0

7.4 6.2 10.3 26 17 56 30 47 27 11.8 –2.7

.. 1.2 0 0.0 15 8

.. 1.2 0 0.2 12 1

7 .. 1.1 11 0.6 .. 1

31.5 81 3.7 45 –8 8.0 22.4 397

49.5 100 4.7 10 –6 11.0 83.0 322

51.2 75 1.7 6 –5 11.0 996.9 892

132

2009

The Little Data Book

Malawi
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 14 118 3.5 10.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 49 6.9 .. 13 55 209 24.4 81 27 7 81 2.1 2000 4.8 46 6.2 160 31 56 170 21.5 73 66 31 93 13.5 2.5 .. 250 760 2007 .. 48 5.6 135 42 54 111 18.4 83 55 28 100 11.9

39

36

41 46 .. 0.1 ..

63 55 .. 0.1 ..

34 0.9 6.3 76 60 .. 0.1 ..

1.9 5.7 10.7 45 29 26 24 33 23 .. ..

1.7 1.6 30.5 40 18 43 26 35 14 .. ..

3.6 7.9 7.4 34 20 45 24 45 26 .. ..

.. 1.3 0 0.0 22 0

.. 0.7 0 0.1 .. 2

39 18.6 1.2 8 1.0 .. 2

52.7 148 1.6 29 835 .. 23.3 500
2009

52.3 100 2.7 13 –85 1.0 26.0 446

60.6 85 0.9 .. –30 1.0 54.6 735

The Little Data Book

133

Malaysia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 27 330 170.5 351.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 73 3.0 15 .. 97 14 .. 88 92 65 103 0.3 1.7 .. 6,420 13,230 2007 .. 74 2.6 13 .. 98 11 .. 90 98 69 104 0.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

4.6 70 3.7 .. 50 .. 22 .. 70 90 56 101 0.1

224

216

98 .. 1,288 3.1 1,178

98 94 2,202 5.4 2,743

209 0.5 1.6 99 94 2,617 9.3 3,388

44.0 9.0 3.8 15 42 43 75 72 32 26.4 –2.9

93.8 8.9 8.9 1 48 51 120 101 27 18.5 –3.0

186.7 6.3 5.2 10 48 42 110 90 22 .. ..

110.4 2.6 0 0.0 70 38

124.7 1.6 22 21.4 75 60

13 174.4 2.1 88 55.7 80 52

133.4 103 15 13 155 0.3 2.3 468

192.1 100 42 6 498 1.0 3.8 45

173.1 100 54 5 150 1.8 8.5 200

134

2009

The Little Data Book

Maldives
South Asia
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 305 300 974 1.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 65 3.2 34 42 70 55 25.7 99 .. 55 101 .. 1.7 .. 3,190 4,910 2007 .. 68 2.6 23 .. .. 30 .. 97 114 83 101 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 61 6.0 .. .. .. 111 .. 96 .. 44 .. ..

9.0

9.0

96 .. .. 0.7 ..

87 58 .. 1.8 ..

9.0 0.00 .. 83 59 .. 2.4 ..

215 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.1 –7.5

624 4.8 1.1 .. .. .. 89 72 26 30.0 –5.0

1,055 6.6 6.6 .. .. .. .. .. 53 49.1 –8.8

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 3 2.2 .. ..

9 .. .. 103 10.8 .. 0

100.4 .. 78 5 0 2.0 5.6 21
2009

79.7 100 206 4 0 2.0 13.0 19

125.5 94 560 5 0 3.0 15.0 37

The Little Data Book

135

Mali
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 12 1,240 6.1 12.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.1 51 6.9 202 8 41 217 30.1 49 33 19 68 1.4 3.0 .. 500 1,040 2007 6.5 54 6.5 179 8 45 196 27.9 68 49 32 78 1.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 48 7.4 .. .. .. 250 .. 43 12 7 57 0.2

141

131

33 35 .. 0.05 ..

51 42 .. 0.05 ..

126 0.7 10.9 60 45 .. 0.05 ..

2.4 –1.9 4.9 46 16 39 17 34 23 .. ..

2.4 3.2 5.6 42 21 38 27 39 25 13.4 –3.4

6.9 2.8 4.3 37 24 39 27 37 23 16.2 –5.6

.. 2.1 0 0.0 11 ..

.. 2.4 0 0.1 12 15

26 .. 2.3 21 0.8 .. 7

39.7 135 2.5 12 –240 107 5.7 0.5

55.8 100 3.0 13 –284 73 82.4 0.4

54.4 132 2.0 4 –134 212 360.0 1.0

136

2009

The Little Data Book

Malta
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 409 320 6.8 9.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 75 2.1 .. .. .. 11 .. 80 102 82 95 .. 2000 .. 78 1.7 16 .. .. 7 .. 74 107 89 100 0.1 0.7 .. 16,680 22,460 2007 .. 80 1.3 12 .. 100 5 .. 79 98 99 99 0.1

3.0

3.0

100 .. 2,131 6.2 2,778

100 .. 1,987 5.4 4,313

3.0 .. 100.0 100 .. 2,153 6.3 4,970

2.3 6.3 3.2 3 39 58 85 99 33 .. ..

3.9 6.3 10.2 .. .. .. 92 103 26 .. ..

7.4 3.8 2.5 .. .. .. 88 90 22 39.2 –1.8

.. 0.9 0 0.0 .. 45

52.6 0.7 29 13.1 88 72

.. 75.6 0.6 91 44.7 .. 52

133.9 123 .. .. 2 58 45.8 5.3

150.7 100 .. .. 3 14 601.0 21.2

97.8 .. .. .. 9 43 931.6 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

137

Marshall Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 58 180 189 ..

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 65 5.7 .. 34 95 68 .. 94 125 87 98 .. 2.3 .. 3,240 .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. 54 .. 94 .. 76 100 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 71 .. .. .. .. 92 .. 52 .. .. .. ..

..

..

96 75 .. 1.0 ..

88 81 .. 1.5 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 1.5 ..

69 7.0 0.7 15 14 71 .. .. .. .. ..

108 0.9 11.8 9 19 72 .. .. .. .. ..

149 3.5 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 1 1.6 .. ..

17 .. .. 1 3.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3

59.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 57.2

97.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 52.1

138

2009

The Little Data Book

Mauritania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.1 1,031 2.6 6.3

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.2 61 5.0 99 8 57 122 30.4 62 53 19 95 0.6 2.5 46.3 840 2,000 2007 .. 64 4.4 85 .. .. 119 .. 67 59 25 102 0.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 58 5.8 .. 3 40 130 .. 38 30 14 71 0.1

4.2

3.2

37 20 .. 1.4 ..

50 22 .. 0.5 ..

2.7 2.9 425.0 60 24 .. 0.6 ..

1.0 –1.8 2.6 30 29 42 46 61 20 .. ..

1.1 1.9 1.3 28 30 43 46 74 19 .. ..

2.6 1.9 –2.6 13 47 41 58 65 26 .. ..

.. 3.9 0 0.0 11 ..

97.2 3.5 1 0.2 11 ..

19 .. 3.1 42 1.0 27 ..

84.1 97 2.1 30 –30 14.0 6.7 236
2009

74.8 100 2.4 28 10 2.0 40.1 216

114.2 154 1.7 .. 30 2.0 152.9 364

The Little Data Book

139

Mauritius
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 2.0 7.0 14.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 2.0 39 76 100 19 .. 84 105 78 98 0.2 0.6 .. 5,580 11,410 2007 .. 72 1.7 41 .. 99 15 .. 98 94 88 102 1.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 69 2.3 .. 75 91 24 .. 76 106 53 102 0.1

390

380

100 94 .. 1.4 ..

100 94 .. 2.3 ..

370 0.4 26.4 100 94 .. 2.7 ..

2.4 5.8 10.6 13 33 54 64 71 31 24.3 0.3

4.5 4.0 3.7 6 31 63 63 65 26 22.0 –1.1

6.8 4.7 7.0 5 28 67 62 71 27 20.9 –2.3

11.2 0.4 0 0.0 93 1

29.8 0.2 15 7.3 97 1

6 83.5 0.2 74 27.0 100 8

118.0 93 1.0 9 –30 .. 41.0 88

81.7 100 1.7 18 –2 177.0 265.6 20

90.3 86 4.3 5 0 215.0 338.9 75

140

2009

The Little Data Book

Mayotte
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 186 374 .. ..

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.6 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

58

56

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

55 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 13 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 82.0 .. 61
2009

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 103

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 407

The Little Data Book

141

Mexico
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 105 1,964 989.4 1,464.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.9 74 2.7 73 70 .. 38 6.0 96 99 72 99 0.3 1.0 17.6 9,400 13,910 2007 4.6 75 2.1 65 71 93 35 3.4 96 104 87 99 0.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

3.9 71 3.4 .. .. .. 52 13.9 75 88 55 97 0.2

690

655

88 56 1,478 4.5 1,295

93 76 1,533 3.9 1,794

642 0.5 19.1 95 81 1,702 4.1 2,003

262.7 5.1 28.1 8 28 64 19 20 23 15.3 –2.5

581.4 1,022.8 6.6 3.2 12.1 4.7 4 4 28 36 68 60 31 28 33 30 24 26 14.7 .. –1.2 ..

12.4 0.4 0 0.0 35 8

21.5 0.5 14 5.2 33 22

28 38.9 0.4 63 22.7 50 17

32.1 102 104 21 –2,190 3.1 2.5 156

60.0 100 151 30 –1,195 7.5 17.9 –56

55.6 105 178 13 –3,983 27.1 24.7 121

142

2009

The Little Data Book

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 111 700 253 334

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 67 4.3 39 45 88 47 .. 85 .. .. .. .. 0.3 .. 2,280 3,010 2007 .. 69 3.7 26 .. .. 40 .. 92 .. 91 102 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 66 5.0 .. .. .. 58 .. 81 .. .. .. ..

..

1

88 29 .. .. ..

92 26 .. .. ..

1 0.00 .. 94 25 .. .. ..

145 1.9 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

217 4.7 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

236 –3.2 2.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 16 ..

.. .. 0 3.7 18 ..

16 .. .. 25 13.5 .. ..

.. .. .. .. –2 .. .. 0.5

59.1 100 .. .. –14 .. .. 101.5

66.6 81 .. .. –10 .. .. 114.9

The Little Data Book

2009

143

Moldova
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.8 34 4.1e 10.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.8 67 1.6 46 62 .. 24 .. 87 98 82 101 0.1 –0.8 48.5 1,210e 2,800 2007 .. 69 1.7 32 68 100 18 3.2 96 93 89 102 0.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economye GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

6.9 67 2.3 .. .. .. 37 .. 92 .. 81 106 ..

3.2

3.3

.. .. 2,265 5.4 2,725

92 78 692 1.6 882

3.3 –0.2 231.0 90 79 884 2.1 1,516

3.6 –2.4 13.5 36 37 27 48 51 25 .. ..

1.3 2.1 27.3 29 22 49 50 75 24 24.5 –1.5

4.4 3.0 15.8 12 15 73 46 98 38 34.3 –0.3

.. .. 0 0.0 87 ..

30.4 0.4 3 1.3 86 3

15 .. 0.4 49 18.4 86 5

.. .. 0.0 .. –89 .. 17.0 9.7

96.9 .. 1.7 18 –250 0.2 127.5 122.6

114.5 .. 3.2 9 –250 1.5 493.4 269.2

144

2009

The Little Data Book

Monaco
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 33 2.0 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

0.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

..

..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 100 ..

.. .. .. .. 100 ..

.. .. .. 56 61.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2009

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

145

Mongolia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.6 1,567 3.4 8.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.5 64 2.2 46 67 97 63 11.6 92 87 63 112 .. 0.9 36.1 1,290 3,170 2007 7.2 67 1.9 45 66 99 43 5.3 98 110 92 107 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 61 4.0 .. .. .. 98 .. 92 .. 88 109 ..

115

107

64 .. 1,624 4.7 1,603

68 48 994 3.1 1,076

103 0.8 1.3 72 50 1,080 3.4 1,298

2.1 –2.5 0.0 15 41 44 22 49 36 .. ..

1.1 0.5 26.1 33 20 47 56 71 29 .. ..

3.9 10.2 12.3 23 41 36 64 66 40 40.5 7.7

.. 5.7 0 0.0 10 ..

3.4 2.2 6 1.3 4 0

13 15.6 1.2 30 12.3 .. 8

75.7 .. 0.3 17 33 .. 11.1 13

105.7 100 0.9 6 –90 12.0 53.7 217

101.9 160 1.6 2 –50 194.0 327.7 228

146

2009

The Little Data Book

Montenegro
Europe & Central Asia
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 599 14 3.2 7.1

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 75 1.8 20 .. .. 14 .. .. .. .. .. .. –0.3 .. 5,270 11,780 2007 .. 75 1.7 16 39 99 10 2.2 90 .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 75 2.0 .. .. .. 16 .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 98 91 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

984 3.1 20.2 12 23 64 37 51 22 .. ..

3,477 10.7 6.8 11 20 69 51 94 27 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

21 106.4 1.7 107 46.7 .. ..

.. .. .. .. –4 .. .. ..
2009

.. .. .. .. 25 .. .. ..

109.4 .. 1.2 .. –78 .. 875.7 105.9

The Little Data Book

147

Morocco
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 31 447 70.6 125.1

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.3 69 2.7 25 .. .. 54 .. 93 57 38 82 0.1 1.2 .. 2,290 4,050 2007 6.5 71 2.4 19 .. .. 34 .. 95 83 56 87 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

6.6 64 4.0 .. 42 31 89 8.1 79 51 38 70 ..

43

43

75 52 298 1.0 369

80 65 370 1.2 489

44 –0.1 43.4 83 72 458 1.6 685

25.8 4.0 5.5 18 33 48 26 32 25 .. ..

37.0 1.6 –0.6 15 29 56 28 33 26 30.0 –3.1

75.1 2.7 3.8 14 27 59 36 45 33 34.8 2.5

3.7 4.1 0 0.0 49 ..

29.4 2.3 8 0.7 56 11

12 100.5 3.2 65 21.4 62 9

43.3 85 25 22 –250 2.0 0.2 1.0

51.2 100 21 21 –500 2.2 0.2 0.4

61.7 98 20 11 –550 6.7 2.8 1.1

148

2009

The Little Data Book

Mozambique
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 21 799 7.1 15.5

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 45 5.7 153 .. .. 184 .. 71 16 6 75 9.5 1.9 54.1 330 730 2007 .. 42 5.1 149 .. .. 168 .. 77 46 18 85 12.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 44 6.2 .. .. .. 201 .. 59 26 7 71 1.4

200

195

36 20 441 0.1 40

41 27 397 0.1 122

193 0.3 0.6 42 31 420 0.1 461

2.5 1.0 34.1 37 18 44 8 36 22 .. ..

4.2 1.1 12.0 24 25 51 18 37 31 .. ..

7.8 7.3 6.2 28 26 47 39 46 19 .. ..

.. 3.4 0 0.0 17 ..

.. 1.3 0 0.1 19 9

26 .. 0.9 15 0.9 .. 2

40.8 175 4.6 26 –1,300 70 9.2 1.0

35.8 100 7.2 12 75 37 139.2 0.9

77.0 128 3.1 1 –20 99 427.4 1.8

The Little Data Book

2009

149

Myanmar
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 49 677 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 60 2.4 21 37 57 110 30.1 84 .. .. .. 0.9 0.8 .. .. .. 2007 .. 62 2.1 16 .. .. 103 .. 81 .. .. .. 0.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 59 3.4 .. 17 .. 130 .. 68 .. 21 97 0.4

392

346

57 23 266 0.1 45

71 59 274 0.2 77

322 1.3 3.8 80 82 295 0.2 93

.. 2.8 18.5 57 11 32 3 5 13 10.5 ..

.. 9.8 6.1 57 10 33 0 1 12 5.3 ..

.. 5.0 17.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.0 –1.8

.. 3.4 0 0.0 11 0

.. 2.3 0 0.0 11 ..

.. .. .. 0 0.1 12 ..

.. 252 4.7 18 –137 6.0 162.8 161

.. 100 5.9 4 4 104.0 258.3 106

.. 123 7.4 2 –99 125.0 427.7 190

150

2009

The Little Data Book

Namibia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.1 824 7.2 10.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 54 3.9 79 44 76 99 20.3 69 85 59 103 14.0 1.6 .. 3,450 5,100 2007 .. 53 3.6 59 55 81 68 17.5 69 77 59 104 15.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 62 5.7 .. 29 68 87 21.5 76 .. 39 106 1.2

88

80

57 26 443 0.01 1,047

81 32 549 0.93 1,270

77 0.9 4.9 93 35 721 1.26 1,546

2.4 2.5 4.3 12 38 50 52 67 34 31.3 –2.6

3.4 3.5 10.7 11 28 61 46 51 20 32.8 –3.0

7.0 5.9 0.8 11 30 59 50 54 30 .. ..

0.7 5.8 0 0.0 11 ..

9.1 2.7 4 1.6 13 2

66 10.0 3.4 38 4.9 .. 5

95.6 93 .. .. 75 13.0 29.6 120

84.1 100 .. .. 16 9.0 118.9 152

90.4 139 .. .. –1 16.2 169.9 205

The Little Data Book

2009

151

Nepal
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 28 147 9.8 29.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 61 4.0 124 37 12 85 43.0 71 66 35 77 0.5 1.7 30.9 350 1,060 2007 .. 64 3.0 115 48 19 55 38.8 81 76 43 93 0.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 54 5.1 .. 23 7 142 .. 57 51 32 59 0.1

48

39

72 9 304 0.03 35

83 20 334 0.13 58

36 1.9 5.1 89 27 340 0.12 80

3.6 4.6 10.7 52 16 32 11 22 18 8.4 ..

5.5 6.2 4.5 41 22 37 23 32 24 10.6 ..

10.3 3.2 7.7 34 17 49 13 31 28 11.9 –1.0

.. 1.1 0 0.0 38 ..

14.4 1.0 0 0.2 31 0

31 47.6 1.5 12 1.4 .. ..

24.1 .. 1.6 15 –145 0.0 5.9 423

43.3 100 2.9 7 –99 0.1 –0.5 387

36.8 80 3.6 4 –100 1.7 5.7 598

152

2009

The Little Data Book

Netherlands
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 16 42 747.8 646.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.6 .. 76 .. 9 .. 94 .. 119 97 0.1 2000 7.6 78 1.7 5 75 100 6 .. 96 97 123 97 0.2 0.2 .. 45,650 39,470 2007 .. 80 1.7 5 .. .. 5 .. 96 .. 118 98 0.2

3.5

3.6

100 100 4,489 9.3 5,218

100 100 4,798 8.8 6,560

3.7 –0.4 72.2 100 100 4,901 7.7 7,055

294.9 4.2 1.6 4 29 66 56 53 23 .. ..

385.1 3.9 4.1 3 25 72 70 65 22 40.7 2.0

765.8 3.5 1.2 2 24 74 75 67 20 41.3 0.3

40.7 2.5 1 0.3 88 16

166.3 1.6 68 44.0 90 36

10 124.9 1.5 118 84.2 .. 26

87.5 101 .. .. 151 0.7 10.7 ..

117.2 100 .. .. 182 1.2 63.1 ..

136.2 112 .. .. 110 2.5 123.6 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

153

Netherlands Antilles
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 191 800 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 74 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 93 .. .. 2000 .. 75 2.1 39 .. .. .. .. .. 108 87 101 .. 1.3 .. .. .. 2007 .. 75 1.9 30 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

12

12

.. .. 7,858 6.3 3,557

.. .. 7,799 18.2 5,402

12 0.00 .. .. .. 9,161 20.9 5,656

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 16 1.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –3 5.0 8.1 58.0

.. 100 .. .. –19 12.0 –12.7 177.0

.. 129 .. .. –1 32.4 231.8 ..

154

2009

The Little Data Book

New Caledonia
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 242 19 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 75 2.6 30 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.6 .. .. .. 2007 .. 76 2.2 26 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7.2

7.2

.. .. .. 9.6 ..

.. .. .. 10.6 ..

7.2 0.00 .. .. .. .. 11.3 ..

2.5 3.6 –4.6 4 23 73 18 35 31 .. ..

2.7 2.1 –0.6 .. .. .. 13 33 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 23 14.1 .. 1

.. .. .. 73 33.5 .. 1

52.7 .. .. .. 0 .. .. 302.4

57.0 100 .. .. 6 .. 59.1 350.2

.. 188 .. .. 5 585.8 659.4 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

155

New Zealand
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.2 268 114.5 107.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.2 .. .. .. 11 .. 90 100 88 100 0.1 2000 .. 79 2.0 29 .. 97 8 .. 85 .. 112 103 0.1 1.0 .. 27,080 25,380 2007 .. 80 2.2 22 .. .. 6 .. 79 .. 120 103 0.1

77

82

97 .. 3,991 6.5 8,298

.. .. 4,690 8.0 9,076

83 –0.5 0.6 .. .. 4,192 7.2 9,646

44.0 0.0 2.5 7 28 65 27 27 20 .. ..

50.9 2.4 3.2 9 25 66 36 34 22 34.2 1.7

135.7 3.0 4.9 .. .. .. 29 31 23 36.8 3.1

20.1 1.8 2 0.0 57 4

37.1 1.2 40 47.5 63 10

1 35.0 1.1 101 69.2 66 10

43.0 105 .. .. 19 762 1.7 ..

53.4 100 .. .. 40 452 3.9 ..

42.7 118 .. .. 102 650 2.8 ..

156

2009

The Little Data Book

Nicaragua
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.6 130 5.5 14.1

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.2 70 3.2 125 69 67 43 7.8 86 66 53 105 0.1 1.3 .. 990 2,510 2007 3.8 73 2.8 113 72 74 35 .. 99 73 66 102 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 64 4.7 .. .. .. 68 .. 82 39 36 109 0.1

65

55

70 42 512 0.6 295

77 46 538 0.7 337

52 1.5 0.7 79 48 624 0.7 426

1.0 –0.1 5,018.1 .. .. .. 25 46 19 30.0 –34.2

3.9 4.1 8.6 21 28 51 24 51 30 15.1 –3.6

5.7 3.9 9.2 19 30 51 33 67 32 19.5 0.4

.. 102.9 0 0.0 11 ..

.. 0.8 2 1.0 11 5

39 .. 0.7 38 2.8 .. 4

95.9 155 10.7 4 –158 0.0 0.7 330

62.2 100 6.7 20 –160 320.0 266.9 561

83.5 78 3.4 12 –210 739.6 381.7 834

The Little Data Book

2009

157

Niger
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 14 1,267 4.0 9.0

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 53 7.5 224 14 16 230 43.6 34 18 7 66 0.7 3.3 .. 280 630 2007 5.9 57 7.0 196 11 33 176 39.9 47 40 11 71 0.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

7.5 47 7.9 .. 4 15 304 41.0 25 16 6 53 0.1

19

13

41 3 .. 0.1 ..

41 5 .. 0.1 ..

13 2.8 62.3 42 7 .. 0.1 ..

2.5 –1.3 –1.6 35 16 49 15 22 8 .. ..

1.8 –1.4 4.5 38 18 44 18 26 11 .. ..

4.2 3.2 3.0 .. .. .. 15 25 23 13.9 –1.0

.. .. 0 0.0 29 ..

.. 1.1 0 0.0 26 15

19 .. 1.0 6 0.3 21 14

27.0 165 1.7 17 –92 14 40.8 388

37.7 100 1.7 8 24 14 8.4 208

40.8 314 1.0 27 –28 78 27.0 542

158

2009

The Little Data Book

Nigeria
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 148 924 136.3 260.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 47 6.0 158 15 42 207 .. 35 .. 24 80 3.1 2.2 .. 920 1,760 2007 .. 47 5.3 126 .. .. 189 .. 62 .. 32 84 3.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 47 6.7 .. 6 33 230 35.1 54 .. 23 77 0.7

172

131

50 26 751 0.5 88

49 28 715 0.6 73

111 2.9 3.6 47 30 726 0.8 116

28.5 8.2 7.2 .. .. .. 43 29 .. .. ..

46.0 5.4 38.2 49 31 21 54 32 .. .. ..

165.5 5.9 5.1 33 39 28 40 30 .. .. ..

4.8 0.9 0 0.0 30 ..

9.2 0.8 0 0.1 31 0

31 52.2 0.6 27 6.8 .. 8

67.5 89 33.4 23 –91 0.0 0.6 0.3
2009

64.6 100 31.4 8 –95 1.4 1.1 0.2

57.4 168 9.0 1 –170 9.2 6.1 2.0

The Little Data Book

159

Northern Mariana Islands
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 84 460 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.0 .. .. .. 2007 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

0

98 84 .. .. ..

98 92 .. .. ..

0 0.4 .. 98 94 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

160

2009

The Little Data Book

Norway
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.7 324 364.3 252.6 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.9 .. 74 100 9 .. 87 96 101 102 0.1 2000 9.6 79 1.9 11 .. .. 5 .. 88 98 116 101 0.1 1.0 .. 77,370 53,650 2007 .. 80 1.9 8 .. .. 4 .. 92 96 113 100 0.1

91

93

100 .. 5,050 7.1 23,354

100 .. 5,724 8.2 24,994

94 –0.2 0.6 100 .. 5,598 11.4 24,296

117.6 1.9 3.8 3 34 63 40 34 23 .. ..

168.3 3.3 15.7 2 42 56 47 29 20 48.4 15.7

388.4 3.7 1.6 1 43 56 46 30 23 50.3 18.0

22.2 2.9 5 0.7 69 12

38.6 1.7 72 26.7 76 17

10 92.0 1.4 110 84.8 .. 18

52.1 67 .. .. 34 158 1.0 ..
2009

56.1 100 .. .. 53 246 7.0 ..

55.8 134 .. .. 84 613 3.8 ..

The Little Data Book

161

Oman
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.6 310 32.8 55.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 6.5 .. 9 .. 32 .. 98 65 39 89 .. 2000 .. 74 4.3 26 32 95 15 11.3 99 81 78 98 .. 2.1 .. 12,860 21,650 2007 .. 76 3.0 10 .. 98 12 .. 97 88 90 99 ..

20

20

81 85 2,475 5.6 2,150

82 87 4,025 9.2 3,140

20 0.00 94.4 .. .. 6,057 12.5 4,456

11.7 –0.1 24.8 3 54 43 47 28 12 35.0 –0.3

19.9 5.4 20.0 2 57 41 59 31 12 23.9 –4.4

35.7 7.2 7.8 .. .. .. 63 38 19 .. ..

8.5 16.5 0 0.0 21 2

17.4 10.6 7 3.7 30 3

14 45.2 11.3 96 13.1 .. 0

71.1 .. .. .. 9 39 0.1 61

82.8 100 .. .. –70 39 0.1 45

91.3 181 .. .. –150 39 2.4 –31

162

2009

The Little Data Book

Pakistan
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 162 796 140.2 412.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 9.4 63 4.4 41 28 23 106 31.3 56 .. .. .. 0.1 2.2 .. 860 2,540 2007 9.1 65 3.9 36 30 39 90 .. 80 62 33 78 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

8.1 60 6.1 .. 15 19 132 39.0 50 .. 22 .. ..

25

21

86 33 402 0.6 277

88 48 463 0.8 374

19 1.9 308.0 90 58 499 0.9 480

40.0 4.5 6.5 26 25 49 16 23 19 19.1 –2.5

74.0 4.3 24.9 26 23 51 13 15 17 13.9 –4.1

142.9 6.0 7.9 21 27 53 14 21 23 14.4 –4.1

7.1 6.9 0 0.0 54 0

8.9 4.0 0 1.4 56 0

24 49.2 3.5 39 10.8 65 1

32.6 109 21 21 740 2.0 0.2 1.1
2009

26.9 100 33 25 –41 1.1 0.3 0.7

35.3 66 41 9 –1,239 6.0 5.3 2.2

The Little Data Book

163

Palau
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 20 460 167 ..

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 1.5 .. 17 100 14 .. 83 99 86 100 .. 0.6 .. 8,270 .. 2007 .. 69 .. .. .. .. 10 .. 91 .. 102 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 69 2.8 .. 47 99 21 .. 98 .. .. .. ..

..

0

90 61 .. 6.9 ..

90 65 .. 5.9 ..

0 –0.3 .. 89 67 .. 5.7 ..

77 –6.4 5.0 19 13 69 20 39 .. .. ..

120 0.3 5.3 4 15 81 10 106 .. .. ..

164 2.5 2.3 3 21 76 68 64 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 12 20.0 .. ..

28 .. .. 53 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0

112.8 100 .. .. .. .. .. 39.1

79.1 93 .. .. .. .. .. 22.3

164

2009

The Little Data Book

Panama
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.3 76 18.4 35.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.4 74 2.7 91 .. 90 26 .. 97 94 67 100 0.9 1.6 .. 5,500 10,610 2007 2.5 76 2.6 83 .. 91 23 .. 89 99 70 101 1.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

2.1 72 3.0 .. .. .. 34 .. 73 .. 61 .. 0.4

44

43

.. .. 618 1.3 854

92 69 875 2.0 1,301

43 0.1 0.6 92 74 845 1.8 1,506

5.3 8.1 0.6 10 15 75 87 79 17 25.6 2.0

11.6 2.7 –1.2 7 19 74 73 70 24 23.1 –0.8

19.5 11.5 1.9 7 17 77 80 75 23 .. ..

3.4 1.4 0 0.0 32 ..

24.0 1.0 14 6.6 35 0

13 31.9 .. 90 22.3 .. 0

35.4 69 6.5 6 –15 110 0.1 99
2009

36.5 100 7.0 10 11 16 0.6 16

41.2 94 9.9 5 8 180 1.9 –135

The Little Data Book

165

Papua New Guinea
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.3 463 5.4 11.8

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 57 4.4 78 .. 41 76 .. 62 .. .. .. 0.3 2.0 .. 850 1,870 2007 .. 57 3.8 51 .. .. 65 .. 58 .. .. .. 1.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 55 4.8 .. .. .. 94 .. 67 48 11 80 ..

315

301

39 44 .. 0.6 ..

39 44 .. 0.5 ..

294 0.5 0.0 40 45 .. 0.7 ..

3.2 –3.0 4.1 31 32 37 41 49 24 25.2 –2.2

3.5 –2.5 13.1 36 41 23 66 49 22 24.2 –1.9

6.3 6.2 2.4 35 45 20 90 68 20 .. ..

.. 2.1 0 0.0 3 ..

49.3 0.9 0 0.8 4 20

56 118.9 0.5 5 1.8 .. ..

73.6 .. 2.6 37 0 5.0 155.4 412

92.2 100 2.6 13 0 7.0 95.9 275

121.1 177 2.3 11 0 13.3 95.8 317

166

2009

The Little Data Book

Paraguay
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.1 407 10.5 27.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.2 70 3.6 86 57 61 33 .. 92 92 61 98 0.3 1.7 .. 1,710 4,520 2007 3.4 72 3.1 72 .. .. 29 .. 80 95 66 99 0.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.8 68 4.5 .. 48 66 41 2.8 69 65 31 98 0.1

212

194

52 60 731 0.5 505

69 67 723 0.7 880

185 0.9 0.5 77 70 660 0.7 900

5.3 3.1 36.3 28 25 47 33 39 23 .. ..

7.1 –3.3 12.1 17 22 61 38 49 19 .. ..

12.2 6.8 10.2 22 20 58 51 54 18 20.3 1.8

.. 1.2 0 0.0 .. 0

3.5 1.1 15 0.7 51 3

35 4.4 0.8 77 8.7 .. 6

43.9 103 2.1 12 –17 34 76.9 57

43.3 100 3.1 11 –43 278 104.1 82

82.3 99 3.6 6 –45 469 196.4 108

The Little Data Book

2009

167

Peru
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 28 1,285 95.0 200.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.1 69 2.9 70 69 59 40 5.2 97 103 87 97 0.4 1.1 53.1 3,410 7,200 2007 3.9 71 2.5 60 71 71 20 .. 99 101 94 101 0.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

5.6 66 3.9 .. 59 80 78 8.8 64 .. 67 96 0.1

702

692

75 55 457 1.0 548

81 65 488 1.1 687

687 0.1 1.2 84 72 491 1.4 899

26.3 –5.1 6,836.9 9 27 64 16 14 16 12.5 –8.1

53.3 3.0 3.7 8 30 62 16 18 20 17.4 –2.1

107.3 8.9 2.0 7 37 56 29 22 23 20.0 2.0

3.1 0.1 0 0.0 10 2

19.8 1.7 5 3.1 13 4

65 98.8 1.1 55 27.4 14 2

22.3 114 20 11 –180 0.1 0.0 397

27.1 100 29 26 –546 0.7 0.8 398

44.9 162 32 25 –510 2.1 5.3 263

168

2009

The Little Data Book

Philippines
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 88 300 142.1 326.4

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.4 70 3.6 50 47 58 37 .. 80 104 77 103 .. 1.9 .. 1,620 3,710 2007 5.6 72 3.2 47 51 .. 28 .. 92 94 83 102 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

5.9 66 4.3 .. 36 .. 62 .. 85 88 71 100 ..

106

79

83 58 427 0.7 360

90 72 557 1.0 511

72 2.6 6.0 93 78 498 0.9 578

44.3 3.0 13.0 22 34 44 28 33 24 16.2 –2.8

75.9 6.0 6.3 16 32 52 55 53 21 15.2 –3.9

144.1 7.2 2.8 14 32 54 43 42 15 15.8 –1.5

13.4 1.4 0 0.0 .. 32

34.2 1.1 8 2.0 10 73

52 71.7 0.8 59 6.0 .. 54

47.8 87 31 27 –765 1.5 0.5 1.3

101.2 100 58 14 –900 6.2 2.2 0.6

75.3 82 66 14 –900 16.3 2.9 0.6

The Little Data Book

2009

169

Poland
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 38 313 375.3 590.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.6 74 1.3 17 .. 100 10 .. 97 95 100 98 0.1 –0.1 14.8 9,850 15,500 2007 7.3 75 1.3 13 .. 100 7 .. 98 97 100 99 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

9.2 71 2.0 .. 49 .. 17 .. 95 98 88 100 ..

89

91

.. .. 2,620 9.1 3,272

.. .. 2,325 7.8 3,240

92 –0.2 30.2 .. .. 2,562 7.9 3,585

59.0 –7.0 55.2 8 50 42 29 22 26 .. ..

171.3 4.3 7.2 5 32 63 27 34 25 31.5 –2.8

422.1 6.6 3.3 4 31 65 41 44 24 32.7 –2.0

0.2 2.8 0 0.0 62 4

18.3 1.9 18 7.3 68 3

31 49.1 2.0 109 44.0 .. 4

43.9 95 49 5 –202 .. 0.1 1.3

47.1 100 65 20 –300 1.7 9.3 1.4

71.4 109 195 26 –200 10.5 23.0 ..

170

2009

The Little Data Book

Portugal
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 11 92 201.1 231.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 74 1.4 .. .. 98 15 .. 85 93 59 103 0.2 2000 .. 77 1.5 17 .. 100 7 .. 87 .. 108 101 0.5 0.2 .. 18,950 21,790 2007 .. 78 1.3 13 .. .. 4 .. 95 .. 97 101 0.5

31

36

96 92 1,742 4.3 2,564

99 97 2,468 5.8 4,014

38 –1.3 29.6 99 99 2,402 5.9 4,799

75.3 4.0 13.1 9 28 62 31 38 27 .. ..

112.6 3.9 3.0 4 28 69 30 41 28 36.2 –2.4

222.8 1.8 3.0 3 24 73 33 40 22 39.4 –2.6

12.2 2.5 0 0.0 .. 4

53.9 2.0 65 16.4 86 6

6 59.4 1.7 127 40.1 .. 9

55.4 103 .. .. –158 4.5 2.6 ..
2009

57.1 100 .. .. 175 3.4 6.7 ..

58.2 .. .. .. 276 3.9 5.5 ..

The Little Data Book

171

Puerto Rico
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 3.9 9.0 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 77 2.0 66 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. 2007 .. 78 1.8 47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.0

4.1

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

4.1 –0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..

30.6 3.8 4.3 1 42 57 77 101 17 .. ..

61.0 2.4 3.1 1 41 58 75 98 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 1 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 24 10.5 94 ..

7 .. .. 86 25.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. –51 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –1 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –10 .. .. ..

172

2009

The Little Data Book

Qatar
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 836 11 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 70 4.3 .. .. .. 26 .. 79 70 83 98 .. 2000 .. 74 3.1 21 43 100 19 .. 91 89 88 101 .. 1.8 .. .. .. 2007 .. 76 2.7 17 .. .. 15 .. 92 104 103 99 ..

..

..

100 100 13,940 26.1 9,773

100 100 19,581 59.0 13,784

.. .. 870.6 100 100 22,057 62.6 17,181

7.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

17.8 3.3 –4.4 .. .. .. 67 22 20 .. ..

52.7 6.1 26.2 .. .. .. 58 37 45 44.7 9.9

.. .. 1 0.0 86 0

29.0 .. 20 4.9 90 0

6 116.8 .. 151 42.0 .. 0

75.9 .. .. .. 61 .. .. 1.5
2009

83.6 100 .. .. 43 .. .. 0.5

95.8 186 .. .. 126 .. .. ..

The Little Data Book

173

Romania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 22 238 137.7 266.2

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.2 71 1.3 38 64 99 23 3.7 98 102 81 100 0.1 –0.2 28.9 6,390 12,350 2007 8.2 73 1.3 32 .. 98 15 .. 97 101 86 100 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

9.3 70 1.8 .. .. .. 32 .. 92 100 102 99 ..

64

64

76 72 2,693 6.7 2,924

85 73 1,618 3.8 1,988

64 0.00 54.8 88 72 1,860 4.1 2,402

38.3 –5.6 13.6 24 50 26 17 26 30 .. ..

37.1 2.1 44.3 13 36 51 33 38 20 25.8 –2.0

166.0 6.0 10.8 9 36 55 31 44 30 25.8 –2.4

.. 4.5 0 0.0 51 2

2.9 2.5 11 3.6 50 6

10 27.1 1.8 106 23.9 .. 4

32.8 .. 1.1 0 –121 .. 0.0 243.4

63.6 .. 11.2 20 –350 0.1 1.0 432.2

66.4 .. 85.4 19 –270 8.5 9.5 ..

174

2009

The Little Data Book

Russian Federation
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 142 17,098 1,069.8 2,036.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.8 65 1.2 32 73 99 24 .. 97 94 .. .. 0.3 –0.3 19.6 7,530 14,330 2007 6.4 68 1.4 28 .. 100 15 .. 99 .. 84 99 1.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

10.0 69 1.9 .. 34 .. 27 .. 83 .. 95 104 ..

8,090

8,093

94 87 5,927 15.3 6,673

96 87 4,201 9.8 5,209

8,088 0.00 1.8 97 87 4,745 10.5 6,122

516.8 –3.0 15.9 17 48 35 18 18 30 .. ..

259.7 1,290.1 10.0 8.1 37.7 13.5 6 5 38 38 56 57 44 30 24 22 19 25 31.7 31.6 7.0 6.2

0.0 15.5 0 0.0 74 ..

15.0 3.7 2 2.0 67 17

29 116.5 3.6 115 21.1 81 7

.. .. 78 .. 1,541 .. 1.2 0.3

57.8 .. 160 10 2,193 1.3 2.7 1.6

44.8 .. 370 9 917 4.1 55.1 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

175

Rwanda
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.7 26 3.1 8.4

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 | 5.3 40 6.0 50 13 31 189 20.3 74 21 10 96 4.7 2.8 60.3 320 860 2007 .. 46 5.9 40 17 39 181 18.0 99 .. 18 100 2.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 32 7.4 .. 21 26 195 24.3 83 37 8 92 9.2

3.2

3.4

65 29 .. 0.1 ..

65 25 .. 0.1 ..

4.8 –2.8 1.6 65 23 .. 0.1 ..

2.6 –2.4 13.5 33 25 43 6 14 15 10.8 –5.4

1.7 8.1 –3.0 37 14 49 9 26 18 .. ..

3.3 6.0 8.9 40 14 46 10 28 21 .. ..

.. 3.7 0 0.0 9 ..

.. 3.5 0 0.1 8 1

14 .. 1.7 7 1.1 .. 16

15.4 40 0.7 13 15 3.0 7.6 288

15.2 100 1.3 24 1,977 7.0 8.3 321

27.4 127 0.5 3 43 51.3 67.1 713

176

2009

The Little Data Book

Samoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 181 2.8 489 789

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 4.5 40 .. 100 34 .. 93 95 78 106 .. 0.5 .. 2,700 4,350 2007 .. 72 3.9 27 .. .. 27 .. 63 98 81 105 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 65 4.7 .. .. 76 50 .. 89 .. 35 118 ..

1.3

1.7

91 98 .. 0.8 ..

89 100 .. 0.8 ..

1.7 –1.8 .. 88 100 .. 0.8 ..

112 –4.4 9.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

232 7.0 2.8 17 26 57 34 57 .. .. ..

525 6.1 3.5 12 28 61 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 1 0.6 14 1

35 .. .. 47 4.4 .. 9

80.3 .. 0.1 6 –20 43 6.6 48
2009

51.8 100 0.2 5 –14 45 –1.5 27

46.2 80 1.1 27 –15 120 2.5 37

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177

San Marino
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 31 60 1.4 .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 .. 99 .. .. .. .. 2000 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 .. 74 .. .. .. .. 1.3 .. 46,770 .. 2007 .. 82 .. .. .. .. 4 .. 92 .. .. .. ..

1.0

1.0

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

1.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

774 2.2 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.4 1.3

1,703 4.5 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.2 5.4

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 57 51.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

178

2009

The Little Data Book

São Tomé and Principe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 158 960 138 258

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 64 4.5 86 29 79 100 10.1 69 62 40 93 .. 1.8 .. 870 1,630 2007 .. 65 3.9 66 30 81 99 .. 86 72 50 101 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 62 5.4 .. .. .. 101 .. 71 78 40 .. ..

274

274

.. .. .. 0.6 ..

82 22 .. 0.6 ..

274 0.00 .. 86 24 .. 0.7 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 11.6 9.3 20 17 63 .. .. .. .. ..

145 6.0 20.3 17 21 63 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 62 ..

.. .. 0 4.6 68 1

144 .. .. 19 14.6 .. 1

.. .. 150 34 –3 .. –0.1 54
2009

40.7 .. 310 26 –6 1.0 3.8 35

50.4 .. 169 39 –7 2.0 35.3 36

The Little Data Book

179

Saudi Arabia
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 24 2,000 373.7 554.4 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 68 5.9 .. .. .. 44 .. 88 53 43 84 .. 2000 .. 71 4.1 35 .. 93 29 .. 94 .. .. .. .. 2.0 .. 15,470 22,950 2007 .. 73 3.4 28 .. .. 25 .. 96 93 94 94 ..

27

27

94 91 3,744 12.1 3,982

.. .. 5,169 14.3 5,666

27 0.00 986.1 .. .. 6,170 16.5 7,080

116.8 8.3 13.1 6 49 45 41 32 15 .. ..

188.4 4.9 11.6 5 54 41 44 25 19 .. ..

381.7 3.4 3.6 3 65 32 65 38 22 .. ..

36.7 14.0 0 0.0 41 0

35.6 10.6 7 2.2 30 0

12 135.0 9.3 117 26.4 21 1

58.6 .. .. .. 1,050 .. 1.9 15

57.2 100 .. .. 70 .. –1.9 22

85.0 237 .. .. 285 .. –8.1 –131

180

2009

The Little Data Book

Senegal
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 12 197 10.3 20.5 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 3.5 57 6.5 .. .. .. 149 .. 51 43 15 69 0.1 2000 6.6 61 5.4 107 11 60 133 20.3 48 38 16 82 0.4 2.8 .. 830 1,650 2007 6.2 63 5.1 87 12 52 114 14.5 84 49 24 92 1.0

93

89

67 26 233 0.4 99

72 27 256 0.4 97

87 0.5 8.6 77 28 250 0.4 150

5.7 –0.7 0.0 20 22 58 25 32 9 .. ..

4.7 3.2 1.9 19 23 58 28 37 20 16.9 –0.9

11.2 4.8 5.2 14 23 62 24 44 33 .. ..

.. 2.0 0 0.0 27 ..

.. 1.3 2 0.4 29 8

8 .. 1.7 29 6.6 .. 4

34.6 172 3.8 20 –40 142 56.9 812
2009

52.0 100 3.6 14 –100 233 62.9 425

55.1 97 2.6 6 –100 925 78.0 843

The Little Data Book

181

Serbia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.4 88 33.5 72.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 1.5 27 .. .. 13 .. 89 .. 89 101 0.1 –0.4 .. 4,540 9,830 2007 .. 73 1.4 24 41 99 8 1.8 95 .. 88 102 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 71 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 83 .. .. .. 0.1

..

..

.. .. 2,569 .. 4,629

.. .. 1,775 .. 4,199

.. .. .. 99 92 2,303 .. 4,040

.. –8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,963 4.5 81.0 21 31 48 23 39 8 .. ..

40,122 7.5 6.8 13 28 59 29 51 23 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 4

4.6 5.4 17 5.3 63 3

23 59.7 2.4 115 20.3 .. 4

.. .. 18f .. 27 0.1 0.1 ..

.. .. 11f .. –148 1.1 0.0 1.1

67.7 .. 26 .. –339 4.9 3.1 0.8

182

2009

The Little Data Book

Seychelles
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 85 460 762 1.3

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 2.1 .. .. .. 15 .. 97 113 113 101 .. 0.5 .. 8,960 15,440 2007 .. 73 2.1 .. .. .. 13 .. 99 114 112 106 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 70 2.8 .. .. .. 19 .. 86 .. .. .. ..

400

400

.. .. .. 1.6 ..

87 .. .. 7.0 ..

400 0.00 .. .. .. .. 7.0 ..

369 7.0 5.6 5 16 79 62 67 25 .. ..

615 4.3 1.3 3 29 68 78 81 25 38.7 –13.9

728 6.3 7.3 3 28 69 136 180 42 50.7 –7.5

.. 4.0 0 0.0 57 1

.. 1.7 32 7.4 .. 3

38 .. 1.6 91 37.6 .. 0

65.7 78 0.2 9 .. .. 20.2 35.6
2009

87.2 100 0.3 4 .. 2.0 24.3 18.3

167.5 83 1.3 11 .. 11.2 249.3 2.8

The Little Data Book

183

Sierra Leone
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.8 72 1.5 3.9

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 41 6.5 192 4 42 274 24.7 37 .. 26 71 1.2 1.8 70.2 260 660 2007 .. 43 6.5 160 5 43 262 28.3 67 81 32 86 1.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

1.1 39 6.5 .. .. .. 290 .. .. .. 18 67 0.2

30

29

.. .. .. 0.1 ..

57 12 .. 0.1 ..

28 0.7 0.2 53 11 .. 0.2 ..

650 3.3 70.6 47 19 34 22 24 10 5.6 ..

636 3.8 6.1 58 28 13 18 39 7 11.4 –9.3

1,664 6.8 10.3 45 24 31 21 28 13 .. ..

.. 1.4 0 0.0 11 ..

.. 3.7 0 0.1 8 31

17 .. 1.8 13 0.2 .. ..

44.2 .. 1.2 10 63 .. 32.4 59

25.5 .. 1.2 67 –110 7.0 39.0 181

41.4 .. 0.3 3 472 148.4 94.5 535

184

2009

The Little Data Book

Singapore
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.6 699 148.4 220.0

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.0 78 1.4 6 .. 100 4 3.3 96 .. .. .. 0.1 4.2 .. 32,340 47,950 2007 .. 80 1.3 5 .. .. 3 .. 95 .. .. .. 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 74 1.9 .. 65 .. 8 .. 84 .. .. .. ..

23

23

100 100 4,384 13.8 4,860

100 100 5,520 12.9 7,575

23 0.00 .. 100 100 6,968 13.2 8,520

36.8 9.2 4.1 0 35 65 .. .. 37 26.8 11.1

92.7 10.1 3.7 0 36 64 191 176 33 26.6 11.4

161.3 7.7 4.0 0 31 69 231 202 23 21.6 12.5

93.1 4.9 2 0.0 97 40

164.8 4.7 68 32.3 100 63

4 219.1 4.3 129 65.7 100 46

308.1 116 .. .. 139 .. 5.6 –3.1

293.7 100 .. .. 368 .. 16.5 1.1

348.6 84 .. .. 200 .. 24.1 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

185

Slovak Republic
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.4 49 63.3 103.7 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) 11.6 71 2.1 .. 74 .. 15 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 73 1.3 24 .. 99 10 .. 98 98 87 101 .. 0.1 .. 11,720 19,220 2007 .. 74 1.3 20 .. 100 8 .. 99 93 96 100 0.1

..

19

100 100 4,035 9.7 5,559

100 100 3,298 6.6 4,956

19 –0.02 .. 100 100 3,465 6.8 5,136

15.5 –2.7 6.9 7 59 33 27 36 33 .. ..

20.3 1.4 9.4 4 36 59 70 73 26 .. ..

75.0 10.4 1.1 3 36 61 86 87 28 29.1 –1.8

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

6.0 1.7 23 9.4 87 4

16 9.3 1.7 112 55.9 87 5

110.8 .. .. .. –35 0.0 .. 6.8

121.0 .. .. .. 0 0.0 2.1 113.0

157.9 .. .. .. 3 1.5 3.4 ..

186

2009

The Little Data Book

Slovenia
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 2.0 20 43.4 52.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 73 1.5 .. .. 100 11 .. 90 .. 88 .. .. 2000 8.7 76 1.3 8 .. 100 5 .. 95 96 101 103 .. 0.6 .. 21,510 26,230 2007 .. 78 1.4 7 .. 100 4 .. 96 .. 95 100 0.1

12

12

.. .. 2,792 9.0 5,091

.. .. 3,240 7.2 5,778

13 –0.4 .. .. .. 3,618 7.4 7,124

17.4 –8.9 94.9 6 42 52 91 79 17 39.8 3.2

19.9 4.4 5.3 3 36 61 54 57 27 39.1 –1.1

47.2 6.8 4.1 2 34 63 70 71 31 38.6 –0.7

.. 2.2 0 0.0 72 3

12.8 1.1 61 15.1 100 5

19 61.4 1.5 96 52.6 100 5

102.4 .. .. .. 21 38 0.1 ..
2009

95.1 .. .. .. 24 205 0.1 60.9

130.5 .. .. .. 22 284 1.5 ..

The Little Data Book

187

Solomon Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 495 29 374 845

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 62 4.6 56 7 85 88 .. 87 .. 20 90 .. 2.3 .. 750 1,710 2007 .. 64 3.9 41 .. .. 70 .. 78 .. 30 93 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 57 5.8 .. .. .. 121 16.3 70 61 14 84 ..

28

24

69 29 .. 0.5 ..

70 31 .. 0.4 ..

22 1.6 .. 70 32 .. 0.4 ..

208 1.8 –1.3 46 8 47 47 74 29 .. ..

299 –14.3 10.7 31 10 59 38 44 23 .. ..

388 10.2 6.0 33 9 58 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 2 ..

.. .. 0 0.5 2 ..

57 .. .. 2 1.7 .. ..

77.4 85 120 12 0 .. 10.4 46

53.8 100 155 7 0 2.0 13.0 68

105.0 97 178 2 0 20.4 42.4 248

188

2009

The Little Data Book

Somalia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 8.7 638 .. ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 45 6.6 73 8 25 164 .. 38 .. .. .. 0.4 2.9 .. .. .. 2007 .. 48 6.0 66 15 33 142 32.8 34 .. .. .. 0.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 42 6.8 .. 1 .. 203 .. 30 .. .. .. 0.1

83

75

.. .. .. 0.00 ..

23 21 .. 0.07 ..

71 1.0 55.0 29 23 .. 0.07 ..

917.0 –1.5 215.5 65 .. .. 10 38 16 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 11 ..

.. .. 1 0.2 12 ..

.. .. .. 7 1.1 .. ..

.. .. 2.4 48 –632 .. 5.6 491
2009

.. .. 2.6 .. –100 .. 0.3 101

.. .. 2.9 .. 100 .. 141.0 384

The Little Data Book

189

South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 48 1,219 273.9 452.3

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.1 56 2.9 75 56 84 74 .. 77 90 86 100 15.9 1.0 .. 5,720 9,450 2007 .. 50 2.7 61 .. .. 59 .. 83 92 96 100 18.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 62 3.5 .. 57 .. 64 .. 79 76 66 104 0.8

92

92

81 55 2,592 9.4 4,431

89 57 2,529 8.4 4,417

92 0.00 27.9 93 59 2,739 8.7 4,810

112.0 –0.3 15.5 5 40 55 24 19 18 .. ..

132.9 4.2 8.8 3 32 65 28 25 16 26.3 –2.0

283.0 5.1 8.9 3 31 66 32 35 21 32.0 1.7

123.2 3.9 0 0.0 30 7

154.2 1.6 19 5.5 20 7

22 294.5 1.4 88 8.3 .. 6

37.4 104 .. .. –123 .. –0.1 ..

44.9 100 24.9 10 388 344.0 1.0 487.3

56.8 127 43.4 6 75 833.7 5.7 794.1

190

2009

The Little Data Book

Spain
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 45 505 1,314.5 1,380.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.3 .. .. .. 9 .. 99 103 102 104 0.4 2000 7.0 79 1.2 9 .. .. 6 .. 94 .. 111 103 0.5 1.7 .. 29,290 30,750 2007 .. 81 1.4 9 .. .. 4 .. 97 99 119 103 0.5

135

164

100 100 2,349 5.5 3,540

100 100 3,096 7.0 5,207

179 –1.9 32.0 100 100 3,277 7.9 6,206

521.0 3.8 7.3 6 34 61 16 19 26 .. ..

580.7 1,436.9 5.0 3.8 3.5 3.1 4 3 29 30 66 67 29 26 32 33 26 31 31.1 27.8 –0.5 2.6

21.3 1.7 0 0.0 99 6

86.8 1.2 60 13.6 99 8

47 125.3 1.2 108 51.3 .. 5

27.5 100 .. .. –102 2.2 14.0 ..
2009

46.7 100 .. .. 790 4.5 38.8 ..

42.7 105 .. .. 2,846 10.7 60.1 ..

The Little Data Book

191

Sri Lanka
South Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 20 66 30.8 84.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.8 71 2.1 29 70 96 23 22.8 99 106 86 103 .. 0.6 22.7 1,540 4,200 2007 .. 72 1.9 25 68 99 21 .. 98 106 .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

8.7 70 2.5 .. .. .. 32 .. 80 98 71 102 ..

24

21

67 71 322 0.2 153

77 81 432 0.5 298

19 1.3 25.2 82 86 472 0.6 400

8.0 6.4 20.1 26 26 48 30 38 22 21.0 –5.2

16.3 6.0 7.3 20 27 53 39 50 28 16.8 –8.4

32.3 6.8 14.0 12 30 58 29 40 27 15.8 –6.5

11.4 2.2 0 0.0 32 1

6.6 4.5 2 0.6 86 2

38 23.4 2.9 40 3.9 .. 2

57.3 82 5.9 14 –137 0.4 43.4 728

77.2 100 9.2 10 –400 1.2 172.9 276

58.9 76 14.0 7 –442 2.5 603.0 589

192

2009

The Little Data Book

St. Kitts and Nevis
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 49 260 488 668

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 2.2 .. .. 99 25 .. 99 119 93 105 .. 0.8 .. 9,990 13,680 2007 .. .. .. .. 54 100 18 .. 99 96 105 97 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 67 2.7 .. .. .. 36 .. 99 .. 85 105 ..

53

53

99 96 .. 1.6 ..

99 96 .. 2.3 ..

53 0.00 .. 99 96 .. 2.8 ..

159 2.3 8.7 6 29 65 52 83 55 28.3 0.6

329 2.8 5.1 3 29 68 46 76 50 .. ..

527 3.3 3.0 3 26 71 44 56 41 29.4 –3.3

.. .. 0 0.0 39 ..

.. .. 3 6.1 43 1

45 83.5 .. .. 30.7 .. 41

86.7 .. 45 3 .. 19.0 48.8 8.1
2009

69.6 100 157 11 .. 4.0 96.2 3.9

59.8 78 274 17 .. 37.3 142.6 2.9

The Little Data Book

193

St. Lucia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 168 620 928 1.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 71 2.0 64 47 100 16 .. 88 101 75 109 .. 1.2 .. 5,520 9,240 2007 .. 74 2.1 60 .. 100 18 .. 94 116 93 103 0.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 71 3.3 .. 47 .. 21 .. 82 122 50 103 ..

170

170

98 .. .. 1.2 ..

98 89 .. 2.3 ..

170 0.00 .. 98 .. .. 2.2 ..

397 23.5 3.2 15 18 67 73 84 26 .. ..

659 –0.2 7.2 7 18 75 57 68 28 .. ..

980 3.2 3.8 4 21 75 55 69 30 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. 1

.. .. 2 5.1 .. 8

20 .. .. 64 65.5 .. 11

100.2 .. 79 2 –2 16.0 44.8 12

60.4 100 235 8 –3 3.0 53.7 11

72.8 102 422 8 –1 31.1 260.9 24

194

2009

The Little Data Book

St. Vincent & Grenadines
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 120 390 507 863

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 70 2.3 70 58 100 24 .. 96 74 69 105 .. 0.5 .. 4,210 7,170 2007 .. 72 2.2 64 48 100 19 .. 99 92 75 101 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 69 3.0 .. 58 .. 22 .. 96 .. 58 106 ..

95

103

.. .. .. 0.7 ..

.. .. .. 1.3 ..

107 –1.3 .. .. .. .. 1.6 ..

198 5.0 6.4 21 23 56 66 77 30 25.6 ..

335 1.8 –1.0 11 24 65 54 60 27 .. ..

553 6.7 4.9 8 25 67 43 67 25 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 2 3.0 68 0

12 .. .. 92 47.4 .. 0

110.5 .. 62 3 –5 16.0 7.7 15.4
2009

62.8 100 195 6 –5 3.0 37.7 6.2

64.7 101 253 11 –5 30.5 91.6 65.6

The Little Data Book

195

Sudan
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 39 2,506 36.7 72.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 56 5.1 76 7 87 115 38.4 58 37 26 88 1.4 2.2 .. 950 1,880 2007 .. 59 4.2 57 8 49 109 .. 79 50 33 88 1.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 53 5.9 .. 9 69 125 .. 57 42 21 77 0.8

764

705

64 33 411 0.2 49

69 34 404 0.2 62

675 0.8 124.4 70 35 470 0.3 95

12.4 –5.5 66.2 41 15 44 4 7 11 .. ..

12.4 8.4 8.7 42 22 37 15 18 18 8.0 –0.4

46.2 10.2 7.0 28 31 41 20 24 24 .. ..

.. 2.6 0 0.0 34 ..

.. 4.7 0 0.0 36 4

39 .. 4.3 21 9.1 .. 1

8.0 100 15 9 –459 0.1 0.0 0.8

27.2 100 16 10 –227 0.6 0.4 0.2

38.2 181 19 3 –532 1.8 2.4 2.1

196

2009

The Little Data Book

Suriname
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 458 163 2.2 3.5

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.0 69 2.7 47 42 85 38 11.4 70 98 72 108 1.1 0.5 .. 4,730 7,640 2007 .. 70 2.4 39 46 90 29 .. 85 84 80 114 2.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 68 2.8 .. .. .. 51 .. 65 .. 56 107 0.1

148

148

.. .. .. 4.5 ..

91 83 .. 4.9 ..

148 0.00 0.8 92 82 .. 5.2 ..

399 –0.5 43.9 9 24 67 42 44 11 .. ..

892 –0.1 54.8 11 25 64 20 33 12 .. ..

2,241 5.3 0.7 5 36 59 31 46 25 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 24 ..

.. .. 9 2.7 26 7

694 .. .. 70 9.6 .. ..

236.5 .. .. .. –19 1.0 18.5 61

103.7 100 .. .. –16 15.0 –148.0 34

115.4 166 .. .. –16 139.9 –246.7 151

The Little Data Book

2009

197

Swaziland
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.1 17 2.9 5.6

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.5 48 4.1 41 28 70 133 9.1 72 64 43 95 25.7 0.7 69.2 2,560 4,890 2007 .. 40 3.6 33 51 69 91 .. 91 67 47 95 26.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 58 5.6 .. 20 .. 96 .. 85 62 40 98 0.9

4.7

5.2

.. .. .. 0.6 ..

59 50 .. 1.0 ..

5.4 –0.9 39.5 60 50 .. 0.8 ..

1.1 9.8 43.8 10 43 46 59 69 15 .. ..

1.5 10.1 0.2 12 45 43 76 90 17 .. ..

2.9 3.5 8.9 7 49 43 80 81 13 .. ..

1.5 1.5 0 0.0 54 ..

4.9 1.8 3 1.0 30 0

61 7.0 .. 33 3.7 .. 0

109.3 100 257 5 17 113 30.1 54

131.3 100 265 2 –12 74 91.4 13

176.3 87 393 2 –6 100 37.5 63

198

2009

The Little Data Book

Sweden
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 9.1 450 437.9 343.0 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 78 2.1 .. .. .. 7 .. 96 97 90 102 0.1 2000 9.1 80 1.5 5 .. .. 4 .. 91 .. 152 115 0.1 0.7 .. 47,870 37,490 2007 .. 81 1.9 4 .. .. 3 .. 96 .. 103 100 0.1

274

275

100 100 5,557 5.8 15,836

100 100 5,441 4.8 15,687

275 –0.04 1.7 100 100 5,650 5.4 15,231

244.7 1.0 8.8 4 31 66 30 30 23 41.5 3.2

245.6 4.4 1.5 2 29 69 47 40 18 37.2 0.5

454.3 2.7 3.1 2 29 70 52 45 20 .. ..

40.0 2.5 5 0.6 71 13

133.7 2.0 72 45.6 78 25

15 134.8 1.3 113 79.7 58 16

45.7 108 .. .. 132 153 2.0 ..
2009

65.2 100 .. .. 49 510 22.1 ..

70.5 89 .. .. 152 775 12.3 ..

The Little Data Book

199

Switzerland
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 7.6 41 459.2 335.3 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 77 1.6 .. .. .. 9 .. 90 52 99 97 0.4 2000 7.6 80 1.5 5 .. .. 6 .. 81 96 94 96 0.6 0.9 .. 60,820 44,410 2007 .. 82 1.5 4 .. 100 5 .. 86 88 93 97 0.6

12

12

100 100 3,695 6.4 7,507

100 100 3,619 5.4 7,847

12 –0.4 6.4 100 100 3,770 5.5 8,360

238.2 3.8 4.2 3 32 65 36 35 30 20.1 0.0

249.9 3.6 1.1 2 27 71 46 41 23 24.3 2.2

424.4 3.3 1.4 1 28 71 52 45 22 18.6 0.6

67.2 1.8 2 0.6 .. 12

317.0 1.1 65 47.9 .. 19

20 300.3 0.8 109 76.3 100 22

56.0 90 .. .. 207 0.9 5.5 ..

65.2 100 .. .. 30 1.1 19.8 ..

78.5 96 .. .. 100 2.0 49.7 ..

200

2009

The Little Data Book

Syrian Arab Republic
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 20 185 35.3 88.1

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 3.7 52 45 70 22 .. 96 86 41 92 .. 2.5 .. 1,780 4,430 2007 .. 74 3.1 35 58 93 17 .. 98 114 72 96 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 68 5.4 .. .. .. 37 .. 87 89 51 85 ..

3.7

4.3

83 81 918 2.8 674

86 87 1,064 2.9 1,058

4.6 –1.4 238.4 89 92 975 3.6 1,466

12.3 7.6 19.3 30 25 45 28 28 17 21.9 ..

19.3 2.7 9.7 24 38 38 35 29 17 23.9 ..

37.7 6.6 3.5 18 35 47 41 41 20 .. ..

.. 6.0 0 0.0 72 ..

.. 5.4 0 0.2 100 1

17 .. 3.9 31 17.4 100 1

53.7 .. .. .. –140 385 71.5 683

43.7 100 .. .. –130 180 270.0 158

69.4 134 .. .. 200 824 600.0 75

The Little Data Book

2009

201

Tajikistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.7 143 3.1 11.5

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.0 65 4.0 33 34 71 94 .. 87 95 74 89 0.1 1.5 44.4 460 1,710 2007 .. 67 3.3 28 38 83 67 14.9 85 95 84 89 0.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 63 5.1 .. .. .. 117 .. 68 .. 102 .. ..

4.1

4.1

.. .. 1,051 4.4 3,346

59 86 461 0.6 2,177

4.1 –0.03 18.0 67 92 548 0.8 2,241

2.6 –0.6 6.2 33 38 29 28 35 25 .. ..

0.9 8.3 22.7 27 39 34 99 101 11 10.6 –0.8

3.7 7.8 27.9 21 28 51 21 66 22 .. ..

.. 0.4 0 0.0 72 ..

.. 1.2 0 0.0 .. 42

49 .. .. 35 7.2 .. ..

.. .. 0.0 .. –83 .. 9.0 12

169.7 .. 1.0 11 –345 0.1 23.5 124

105.7 .. 1.2 2 –345 1.7 360.0 221

202

2009

The Little Data Book

Tanzania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 40 947 16.3g 48.7

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.3 49 5.7 132 25 44 143 25.3 78 55 6 99 7.1 2.4 35.7 410g 1,200 2007 .. 52 5.2 121 26 43 116 16.7 90 85 .. .. 6.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economyg GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

7.4 51 6.1 .. 10 53 157 25.1 80 62 5 97 4.8

414

373

49 35 385 0.1 51

53 34 397 0.1 58

353 1.1 6.2 55 33 527 0.1 59

4.3 7.0 22.4 46 18 36 13 37 26 .. ..

9.1 5.1 7.5 45 16 39 17 24 18 .. ..

16.2 7.1 6.0 45 17 37 22 28 17 .. ..

.. 2.0 0 0.0 37 ..

2.6 1.5 0 0.1 4 1

29 3.8 1.0 21 1.0 .. 1

31.9 107 6.5 33 68 .. 0.0 1.2

24.9 100 6.9 13 –206 8.0 463.4 1.0

45.5 109 5.0 3 –345 14.3 647.0 2.8

The Little Data Book

2009

203

Thailand
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 64 513 217.2 502.8

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.2 68 1.9 46 79 99 13 .. 94 96 67 99 1.8 0.6 .. 3,400 7,880 2007 .. 71 1.9 42 77 97 7 7.0 96 101 83 104 1.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

5.6 67 2.1 .. .. .. 31 .. 80 .. 30 97 1.0

160

148

95 78 809 1.8 739

97 93 1,237 3.3 1,503

145 0.6 41.5 98 96 1,630 4.3 2,080

85.3 11.2 5.8 12 37 50 34 42 41 .. ..

122.7 4.8 1.3 9 42 49 67 58 23 .. ..

245.4 4.8 3.3 11 44 45 73 66 27 19.6 0.1

28.0 2.6 0 0.0 55 21

24.0 1.4 5 3.8 99 33

33 79.9 1.4 124 21.0 .. 27

65.7 119 28 17 6 1.0 2.4 796

106.7 100 80 16 516 1.7 3.4 698

119.8 96 63 8 231 1.6 9.5 –312

204

2009

The Little Data Book

Timor-Leste
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.1 15 1.6 3.3

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.7 57 7.0 84 8 24 129 40.6 39 .. 35 .. .. 3.1 .. 1,510 3,090 2007 .. 61 6.5 54 20 .. 97 .. 63 69 53 95 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 47 5.5 .. .. .. 184 .. .. .. .. .. ..

9.7

8.5

.. .. .. .. ..

61 40 .. 0.2 ..

8.0 1.3 .. 62 41 .. 0.2 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

316 13.7 3.0 26 19 56 .. .. 26 .. ..

395 7.8 12.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

83 .. .. 7 0.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 1 .. .. 0.1

.. .. .. .. –170 .. .. 231.3

.. .. .. .. 100 .. .. 278.3

The Little Data Book

2009

205

Togo
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 6.6 57 2.4 5.1

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 58 5.5 108 26 49 122 23.2 58 61 30 69 3.6 2.6 .. 360 770 2007 7.6 58 4.8 89 17 62 100 .. 80 57 39 75 3.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 58 6.4 .. 34 31 150 21.2 73 35 21 59 0.7

6.9

4.9

49 13 328 0.2 87

55 12 393 0.2 87

3.9 3.8 1.5 59 12 375 0.2 97

1.6 –0.2 3.0 34 23 44 33 45 27 .. ..

1.3 –0.8 –1.7 34 18 48 31 51 18 .. ..

2.5 1.9 1.3 44 24 32 42 62 18 17.0 –0.8

.. 3.1 0 0.0 21 1

.. .. 1 1.9 32 1

53 .. 1.6 18 5.0 .. 0

52.1 133 1.3 12 1 27 18.2 258

69.6 100 1.4 6 128 34 41.9 70

85.2 86 2.0 2 –4 229 69.0 121

206

2009

The Little Data Book

Tonga
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 102 750 254 397

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 3.8 17 33 95 26 .. 95 104 101 102 .. 0.4 .. 2,480 3,880 2007 .. 73 3.8 18 .. .. 23 .. 99 100 94 99 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 70 4.6 .. .. 92 32 .. 86 133 98 101 ..

36

36

100 96 .. 0.8 ..

100 96 .. 1.2 ..

36 0.00 .. 100 96 .. 1.2 ..

114 –2.0 12.2 36 14 50 34 65 18 .. ..

155 3.6 1.4 28 16 56 15 52 19 .. ..

253 –0.3 6.0 28 13 60 16 61 17 .. ..

.. 1.1 0 0.0 .. ..

.. 1.4 0 2.4 27 0

25 .. 1.5 46 8.2 .. ..

64.3 .. 54 3 –10 24 0.2 30
2009

51.0 .. 65 3 –10 53 4.7 19

59.9 .. 91 3 –8 100 27.4 30

The Little Data Book

207

Trinidad and Tobago
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 1.3 5.1 19.3 29.9 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions) 5.5 70 2.4 .. .. .. 34 .. 70 101 85 101 0.2 2000 .. 69 1.7 38 38 96 34 4.4 90 85 75 104 1.4 0.3 .. 14,480 22,420 2007 .. 70 1.6 35 43 98 35 .. 91 88 76 101 1.5

2.4

2.3

88 93 4,934 13.8 2,679

91 92 7,580 19.9 3,891

2.3 0.3 8.1 94 92 10,768 24.7 5,006

5.1 1.5 15.5 3 47 50 45 29 13 .. ..

8.2 6.1 12.9 1 49 49 59 45 20 27.1 2.0

20.9 5.5 3.9 0 59 41 58 37 13 33.4 1.8

13.7 .. 0 0.0 46 0

53.1 .. 12 7.7 51 1

43 74.7 .. 113 16.0 .. 2

60.6 100 .. .. –63 3.0 109.4 17.8

93.0 100 .. .. –20 38.0 679.5 –1.5

108.0 132 .. .. –20 92.4 .. 18.4

208

2009

The Little Data Book

Tunisia
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 10 164 32.8 73.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.9 73 2.1 8 66 90 31 .. 95 87 75 100 0.1 1.0 .. 3,210 7,140 2007 .. 74 2.0 7 .. .. 21 .. 98 120 85 104 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

5.9 70 3.5 .. 50 69 52 8.5 93 80 44 86 ..

6.4

9.6

82 74 630 1.6 638

90 81 794 2.1 991

10.6 –3.4 62.9 94 85 863 2.2 1,221

12.3 7.9 4.5 16 30 54 44 51 27 30.7 –3.2

19.4 4.7 3.2 12 29 59 45 48 27 29.2 –2.7

35.0 6.3 2.4 10 30 60 54 57 25 30.0 –2.2

4.3 2.0 0 0.0 76 2

14.5 1.7 1 2.7 68 3

11 15.3 1.4 77 16.8 .. 5

73.5 109 7.7 24 –22 0.6 0.1 391
2009

74.1 100 11.3 20 –18 0.8 0.8 222

97.1 91 20.2 11 –29 1.7 1.6 310

The Little Data Book

209

Turkey
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 74 784 593.0 946.7

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 5.6 70 2.6 51 64 81 44 7.0 86 .. 78 85 .. 1.2 27.0 8,030 12,810 2007 5.2 72 2.2 37 .. .. 23 .. 96 96 79 90 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 66 3.0 .. 63 .. 82 .. 78 87 46 81 ..

97

101

85 85 943 2.5 893

93 87 1,140 3.3 1,550

102 –0.3 17.7 97 88 1,288 3.4 2,053

212.6 9.3 63.2 13 23 65 9 12 17 .. ..

267.2 6.8 49.2 11 31 57 20 23 21 .. ..

655.9 4.6 7.6 9 28 63 22 27 22 25.5 1.4

9.0 2.5 0 0.0 .. 1

26.1 3.7 24 3.7 34 5

6 43.7 2.1 84 16.5 .. 0

16.6 109 49 29 175 3.2 0.7 1.2

30.8 100 117 36 100 4.6 1.0 0.3

42.3 95 251 32 –30 1.2 22.2 0.8

210

2009

The Little Data Book

Turkmenistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 5.0 488 .. 21.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 6.0 63 2.9 17 62 97 71 .. 97 .. .. .. .. 1.3 .. .. 4,350 2007 .. 63 2.5 16 48 100 50 .. 99 .. .. .. 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

10.5 63 4.2 .. .. .. 99 .. 76 .. .. .. ..

41

41

.. .. 5,352 8.7 2,293

.. .. 3,222 7.9 1,698

41 0.00 1,812.5 .. .. 3,524 8.6 2,123

3.2 0.7 6.3 32 30 38 .. .. 40 .. ..

2.9 18.6 9.8 24 44 31 96 81 35 .. ..

12.9 .. .. .. .. .. 63 48 23 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 74 ..

.. 2.9 0 0.1 81 5

.. .. .. 7 1.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. –35 .. .. 8.6

147.8 .. 2.5 .. –50 .. 131.0 31.5

103.5 .. 0.7 .. –10 .. 804.0 28.5

The Little Data Book

2009

211

Uganda
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 31 241 11.3 32.1 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions) 6.0 50 7.1 .. 5 38 175 19.7 52 .. 12 82 13.7 2000 5.8 46 6.8 180 23 39 149 19.0 59 57 16 93 8.5 3.3 37.7 370 1,040 2007 6.1 51 6.7 152 24 42 130 .. 68 54 18 98 5.4

49

41

43 29 .. 0.05 ..

56 32 .. 0.06 ..

36 2.0 .. 64 33 .. 0.08 ..

4.3 6.5 44.4 57 11 32 7 19 13 .. ..

6.2 5.6 8.5 30 23 47 11 22 19 10.8 –1.9

11.8 7.9 6.9 24 26 50 17 31 22 12.7 –1.9

.. 3.3 0 0.0 .. ..

0.6 2.5 1 0.2 .. 4

25 1.2 1.7 14 2.5 .. 11

10.2 146 2.6 81 233 .. –5.9 0.7

32.2 100 3.5 8 –46 238.0 160.7 0.8

43.2 104 1.6 2 –5 848.6 484.0 1.7

212

2009

The Little Data Book

Ukraine
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 47 604 118.9 316.7

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 8.9 68 1.1 35 72 100 23 4.1 99 92 99 100 0.7 –0.6 19.5 2,560 6,810 2007 9.0 68 1.2 28 67 99 24 .. 98 101 94 100 1.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

9.5 70 1.8 .. .. .. 25 .. 90 96 96 .. ..

93

95

.. 96 4,891 13.2 4,787

97 96 2,726 6.2 2,778

96 –0.2 70.7 97 93 2,937 6.9 3,400

81.5 –6.3 16.3 26 45 30 28 29 27 .. ..

31.3 5.9 23.1 17 36 47 62 57 20 26.8 –0.6

141.2 7.6 21.8 8 37 55 45 51 27 34.7 –0.6

.. .. 0 0.0 94 ..

6.0 3.6 2 0.7 97 5

27 79.2 2.9 119 21.5 97 4

.. .. 0.6 .. 2 .. 0.2 289
2009

91.3 .. 12.2 19 –547 0.0 0.6 541

77.9 .. 73.6 17 –173 4.5 9.9 405

The Little Data Book

213

United Arab Emirates
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 4.4 84 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions) .. 73 4.3 .. .. .. 15 .. 80 97 64 104 .. 2000 .. 78 2.7 28 .. .. 10 .. 94 80 75 100 .. 2.7 .. .. .. 2007 .. 79 2.3 18 .. .. 8 .. 92 105 92 101 ..

2.5

3.1

100 97 12,416 29.3 8,325

100 97 11,401 41.8 11,885

3.1 –1.6 2,665.3 100 97 11,036 30.1 14,567

33.7 17.5 4.3 2 64 35 66 41 20 .. ..

70.6 5.0 21.8 4 56 41 73 55 23 10.0 0.1

163.3 9.4 12.2 2 59 39 91 68 21 .. ..

.. 6.2 2 0.0 94 0

8.1 3.4 44 23.6 100 1

17 84.8 1.9 177 51.8 .. 1

103.2 .. .. .. 240 .. .. 3.5

120.2 100 .. .. 572 .. .. 3.2

150.4 154 .. .. 577 .. .. ..

214

2009

The Little Data Book

United Kingdom
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 61 244 2,464.3 2,063.8 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 76 1.8 .. .. .. 10 .. 87 .. 84 102 0.1 2000 6.1 78 1.6 28 83 99 7 .. 88 .. 102 100 0.1 0.7 .. 40,660 34,050 2007 .. 79 1.9 24 .. .. 6 .. 86 .. 98 102 0.2

26

28

100 .. 3,708 9.9 5,357

100 .. 3,971 9.3 6,115

28 –0.6 6.6 100 .. 3,814 9.1 6,185

995.9 1,450.9 2,772.0 0.8 3.8 3.0 7.6 1.3 3.1 2 1 1 35 28 23 63 71 76 24 28 26 26 30 29 21 18 19 .. 37.7 38.1 .. 1.7 –2.7

85.3 3.9 2 0.1 100 24

177.6 2.4 74 26.8 100 32

13 139.2 2.5 118 71.7 100 19

41.0 101 .. .. 29 2.1 33.5 ..

43.7 100 .. .. 494 3.6 122.2 ..

38.1 104 .. .. 948 8.2 197.8 ..

The Little Data Book

2009

215

United States
High income
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 302 9,632 13,886.4 13,827.2 Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 75 2.1 .. 71 99 11 .. 90 .. 92 100 0.5 2000 5.4 77 2.1 47 .. 99 8 1.1 91 98 94 99 0.6 1.0 .. 46,040 45,840 2007 .. 78 2.1 42 .. .. 8 .. 93 95 94 100 0.6

2,986

3,023

99 100 7,717 19.2 11,713

99 100 8,159 20.0 13,669

3,031 –0.1 17.1 99 100 7,768 19.5 13,564

5,757.2 9,764.8 13,751.4 1.9 3.7 2.0 3.9 2.2 2.7 2 1 1 28 24 22 70 75 77 10 11 11 11 15 17 18 20 20 .. 20.4 19.6 .. 0.5 –2.1

53.2 5.3 2 0.8 58 33

154.7 3.1 39 43.9 59 33

6 145.1 4.2 85 73.5 65 28

15.8 101 .. .. 4,250 1.2 48.5 ..

20.9 100 .. .. 6,200 2.8 321.3 ..

23.1 97 .. .. 6,493 3.0 237.5 ..

216

2009

The Little Data Book

Uruguay
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.3 176 21.2 36.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 4.8 75 2.2 66 .. 99 17 5.4 89 97 98 105 0.3 0.3 .. 6,390 11,020 2007 4.5 76 2.0 61 .. .. 14 .. 96 99 101 106 0.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

5.2 73 2.5 .. .. .. 25 .. 97 95 81 .. 0.1

9.1

14.1

100 100 725 1.3 1,246

100 100 932 1.5 1,990

15.1 –3.5 5.3 100 100 962 1.7 2,042

9.3 0.3 106.8 9 35 56 24 18 12 23.8 0.5

20.7 –1.4 4.0 6 27 67 19 21 14 28.0 –3.4

23.1 7.4 8.5 10 32 58 29 30 15 26.9 –1.6

.. 2.9 0 0.0 74 ..

0.8 1.5 12 10.6 90 2

44 0.7 1.3 90 29.1 .. 3

32.7 116 4.4 41 –30 .. 41.5 52

27.9 100 8.1 28 –26 36.0 273.5 17

44.1 89 12.3 19 –104 96.6 879.2 34

The Little Data Book

2009

217

Uzbekistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 27 447 19.7 65.3

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.9 66 2.6 39 67 96 62 7.1 99 95 88 98 0.1 1.4 27.5 730 2,430 2007 .. 67 2.4 34 65 100 41 4.4 99 97 102 98 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

10.9 69 4.1 .. .. .. 74 .. 84 .. 101 94 ..

31

32

90 93 2,261 6.1 2,383

89 94 2,044 4.8 1,780

33 –0.5 357.0 88 96 1,829 4.3 1,694

13.4 1.6 4.0 33 33 34 29 48 32 .. ..

13.8 3.8 47.3 34 23 43 25 22 16 .. ..

22.3 9.5 24.0 23 31 46 40 30 19 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 79 ..

0.2 0.8 0 0.5 87 ..

15 4.2 .. 22 4.5 .. ..

.. .. 0.1 .. –451 .. 9.0 62

40.1 .. 4.6 .. –400 .. 74.7 186

57.7 .. 3.9 .. –300 .. 262.0 166

218

2009

The Little Data Book

Vanuatu
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions) 226 12 417 771

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 68 4.3 56 28 88 48 .. 94 86 34 101 .. 2.3 .. 1,840 3,410 2007 .. 70 3.7 44 .. .. 34 .. 65 .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 63 4.9 .. 15 .. 62 .. 66 .. 17 93 ..

4.4

4.4

61 .. .. 0.4 ..

59 50 .. 0.4 ..

4.4 0.00 .. .. .. .. 0.4 ..

158 11.7 –1.0 21 14 65 47 73 33 26.1 –7.8

245 2.7 1.2 16 9 75 44 53 22 20.7 –0.8

452 5.0 –3.9 15 9 77 44 58 24 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 22 20

.. .. 0 2.1 24 1

39 .. .. 12 7.5 .. 0

72.6 .. 38 2 –3 8.0 13.1 50
2009

46.2 .. 74 1 –7 35.0 20.3 46

54.2 .. 97 1 0 5.5 34.2 57

The Little Data Book

219

Venezuela, RB
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 27 912 207.6 337.8

Upper middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 2.9 73 2.8 93 77 94 24 .. 84 83 59 105 .. 1.7 .. 7,550 12,290 2007 4.9 74 2.6 90 .. .. 19 .. 55 98 79 103 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ millions)

4.8 71 3.4 .. .. .. 32 .. 61 79 53 105 ..

520

492

89 83 2,224 5.9 2,463

.. .. 2,333 5.8 2,654

477 0.6 1.2 .. .. 2,302 5.6 3,174

47.0 6.5 41.7 5 61 34 39 20 10 24.5 3.0

117.1 3.7 29.5 4 50 46 30 18 24 21.2 –1.2

228.1 8.4 14.0 4 58 38 31 25 28 28.3 2.2

17.8 1.9 0 0.0 36 4

6.9 1.2 22 3.4 34 3

141 4.5 1.1 87 20.8 .. 3

52.8 90 33 23 75 1.0 0.5 76

42.5 100 42 17 40 17.0 4.7 76

50.5 162 43 7 40 136.0 0.6 71

220

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Vietnam
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 85 329 65.4 215.4

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.5 72 2.4 23 74 68 30 26.7 97 96 65 93 0.3 1.2 28.9 770 2,530 2007 7.1 74 2.1 17 76 88 15 20.2 83 .. .. .. 0.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 66 3.6 .. 53 .. 56 .. 88 .. 35 .. 0.1

94

117

52 29 367 0.3 98

77 51 479 0.7 295

129 –2.2 19.5 92 65 621 1.2 598

6.5 5.1 42.1 39 23 39 36 45 13 .. ..

31.2 6.8 3.4 25 37 39 55 57 30 .. ..

68.6 8.5 8.2 20 42 38 77 90 42 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 24 ..

.. .. 1 0.3 25 11

50 28.5 .. 28 21.0 .. 6

79.7 .. 23 .. –256 .. 0.2 0.2
2009

96.6 100 13 7 –200 2.0 1.3 1.7

159.1 92 24 2 –200 5.5 6.7 2.5

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221

Virgin Islands (U.S.)
High income
Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 108 350 .. .. Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions) .. 74 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2000 .. 78 2.4 43 .. 98 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. –0.1 .. .. .. 2007 .. 79 1.9 31 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

119

104

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

95 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.6 7.1 4.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 32 13.8 .. ..

.. .. .. 74 27.7 .. ..

.. .. .. .. –11 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –3 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –4 .. .. ..

222

2009

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West Bank and Gaza
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 3.7 6.0 4.5 ..

Lower middle income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 72 5.1 99 .. 97 29 .. .. 103 82 103 .. 3.4 .. 1,290 .. 2007 .. 73 4.6 79 50 99 27 .. .. 83 92 104 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Aid ($ billions)

.. 69 6.3 .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

0

.. .. .. .. ..

93 80 .. .. ..

0 0.00 .. 89 80 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,113 –5.6 2.9 .. .. .. 16 71 33 .. ..

4,016 6.3 4.9 .. .. .. 14 68 26 .. ..

.. .. 0 0.0 .. ..

18.6 .. 6 1.2 100 ..

49 111.1 .. 28 9.6 100 ..

.. .. .. .. –11 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 0 858.8 .. 0.6

.. .. .. .. 11 598.0 .. 1.9

The Little Data Book

2009

223

Yemen, Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 22 528 19.4 49.3

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 7.4 59 6.3 90 .. .. 98 .. 71 55 43 56 .. 3.0 .. 870 2,200 2007 7.2 63 5.5 71 28 36 73 .. 74 60 46 66 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

6.1 54 8.0 .. 10 16 127 .. 69 .. .. .. ..

5.5

5.5

.. 28 208 0.8 119

70 39 269 0.8 136

5.5 0.00 161.9 66 46 326 1.0 190

4.8 2.0 17.1 24 27 49 14 20 15 18.9 –7.8

9.4 4.4 25.8 10 47 43 42 37 19 23.9 –2.3

22.5 3.6 15.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 7.7 0 0.0 9 ..

.. 5.0 0 0.1 16 1

13 .. 4.7 14 1.4 9 1

46.9 .. 6.4 6 –50 1.5 –130.9 400

67.8 100 5.1 4 –100 1.3 6.4 263

61.3 155 5.9 3 –100 1.3 917.3 225

224

2009

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Zambia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 12 753 9.2 14.2

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 3.4 40 5.8 144 34 43 178 23.3 85 60 23 91 15.5 1.9 68.0 770 1,190 2007 .. 42 5.2 125 .. .. 170 .. 85 88 43 96 15.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ billions)

0.7 48 6.4 .. 15 51 163 21.2 90 .. 21 .. 8.9

491

447

50 42 673 0.3 754

54 49 600 0.2 595

425 1.0 2.2 58 52 625 0.2 730

3.3 –0.5 106.4 21 51 28 36 37 17 20.4 ..

3.2 3.6 30.0 22 25 52 27 41 17 19.7 1.8

11.4 6.0 9.4 22 38 40 42 36 24 17.7 –0.8

.. 3.7 0 0.0 17 ..

7.3 1.8 1 0.2 22 0

18 20.6 1.8 22 4.2 .. 2

76.9 207 6.9 15 29 .. 202.8 0.5

51.2 100 5.7 21 83 .. 121.7 0.8

75.6 193 2.8 2 –82 59.3 983.9 1.0

The Little Data Book

2009

225

Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 13 391 4.5 ..

Low income
Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990 2000 .. 43 3.9 85 54 73 122 11.5 75 89 43 94 27.3 1.3 .. 340 .. 2007 .. 43 3.7 59 60 69 90 14.0 66 .. 40 97 15.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) Total external debt ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Aid ($ millions)

.. 61 5.1 .. 43 70 95 8.0 87 93 47 92 14.2

222

191

78 44 895 1.6 861

80 45 791 1.2 843

175 1.6 34.3 81 46 724 0.9 900

8.8 7.0 14.7 16 33 50 23 23 17 24.1 –2.6

7.4 –7.9 56.2 18 25 57 36 36 14 .. ..

3.4 –5.3 237.9 19 24 57 57 73 17 .. ..

27.3 0.0 0 0.0 14 2

32.9 0.0 2 0.4 19 2

96 70.3 0.0 9 10.1 .. 3

40.7 98 3.3 23 121 1.0 –12.2 334

51.2 100 3.8 .. –150 .. 23.2 176

122.0 94 5.3 .. –75 .. 68.9 465

226

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Notes
a. Includes Luxembourg. b. Estimates differ from official statistics of the government of China, which has published the following estimates for military expenditure: 1.2 percent in 2000 and 1.4 percent in 2006. c. Excludes Turkish-controlled area. d. Includes the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Réunion. e. Excludes Transnistria. f. Includes Montenegro.

g. Covers mainland Tanzania only.

The Little Data Book

2009

227

Glossary
Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (United Nations Children's Fund and World Health Organization) Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (United Nations Children's Fund and World Health Organization) Adolescent fertility is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15–19. (United Nations Population Division) Aid is official development assistance or official aid flows (net of repayment of principal) as defined by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) that are made to countries and territories on the DAC list of aid recipients. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita are emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement divided by midyear population. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center) Central government cash surplus/deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. Before 2005 nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. The concept of cash surplus or deficit is close to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which is brought into the balance sheet as a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). (International Monetary Fund) Central government revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from

228

2009

The Little Data Book

property or sales. Grants are also considered revenue but are excluded here. (International Monetary Fund) Child immunization, measles, is the percentage of children ages 12–23 months at the time of the survey who received a dose of measles vaccine by age 12 months or at any time before the interview date. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of the vaccine. (World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund) Child malnutrition, underweight, is the percentage of children under age five whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below median for the international reference population ages 0–59 months. The data conform to the new Child Growth Standards released by the World Health Organization in 2006. (World Health Organization) Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union ages 15–49 who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest areas to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Electricity use per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports less exports divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Energy use per capita is the use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transportation, divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services. Compensation of employees, investment income (formerly called factor services), and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Foreign direct investment, net inflows, are investments to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than

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2009

229

Glossary
that of the investor. They are the sum of inflows of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. (World Bank and International Monetary Fund) Forests are land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Freshwater use is total freshwater withdrawals for domestic, industrial, and agricultural use, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Internal resources refer to internal renewable resources only (flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country). Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because rivers flows from other countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute) GDP is gross domestic product at purchaser prices. It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GDP growth is the one-year rate of growth in real gross domestic product. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GDP implicit price deflator is the one-year rate of price change in the economy as a whole. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GNI is gross national income. It is calculated as gross domestic product (GDP) plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and investment income) from abroad. GDP is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. (World Bank) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between

230

2009

The Little Data Book

the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (World Bank) GNI, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP). An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (World Bank) GNI per capita, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP), divided by midyear population. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (World Bank) Gross capital formation is outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchase; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales and work in progress. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Gross secondary enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to secondary education. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that begins at the primary level and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) High-technology exports are products with high research and development intensity, as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, and scientific instruments. (United Nations Statistics Division’s Commodity Trade database) HIV prevalence rate is the percentage of people ages 15–49 who are infected with HIV. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and World Health Organization) Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services. Labor and property income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)

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2009

231

Glossary
Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. (International Telecommunication Union) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Merchandise trade is the sum of merchandise exports and imports measured in current U.S. dollars. (World Trade Organization and World Bank) Military expenditures are all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (included in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans’ benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) Mobile cellular subscriptions are the number of subscriptions—including postpaid and prepaid—to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network. (International Telecommunication Union) National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Data are for most recent estimate since 2000. Figures in italics are for years other than 2007. (World Bank) Net barter terms of trade are the ratio of the export unit value index to the corresponding import unit value index measured relative to the base year 2000. (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and International Monetary Fund) Net migration is the total number of immigrants less the total number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens, during the period. Data are five-year estimates for 1985–90, 1995–2000, and 2000–05. (United Nations Population Division)

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Paved roads are roads surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country’s roads, measured in length. (International Road Federation) Population is the midyear estimate of all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship, except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Population growth is the exponential growth rate from the previous midyear population. (World Bank) Primary completion rate, total, is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by dividing the total number of students in the last grade of primary school minus the number of repeaters in that grade by the total number of children of official completing age. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school is the ratio of the female to male gross enrollment rate in primary and secondary school. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Remittances received are current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank) Share of poorest 20% in national consumption or income is the share of total national income or consumption that accrues to the poorest quintile. (World Bank) Starting a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for legally operating a business. If a procedure can be expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. (World Bank) Stock market capitalization is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. (Standard and Poor’s) Surface area is a country’s total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid on long-term debt (public and publicly guaranteed and private nonguaranteed); interest paid on short-term debt; and International Monetary Fund

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Glossary
repurchases and charges, expressed as a percentage of exports. Exports refer to international transactions involving a change in ownership of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, services, receipts of employee compensation for nonresident workers, investment income, and workers’ remittances. (World Bank) Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. It is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, short-term debt, and use of International Monetary Fund credit. (World Bank) Total fertility is the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations Children’s Fund, World Health Organization, World Bank, and United Nations Population Division) Value added in agriculture is the net output of agriculture (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5 including forestry and fishing) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate outputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in industry is the net output of industry (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, which includes mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in services is the net output of services (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. This sector is derived as a residual and may not properly reflect the sum of services outputs, including banking and financial services. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)

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