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NATO OSINT Handbook

NATO OSINT Handbook

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NATO OSINT Handbook
NATO OSINT Handbook

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Published by: National Security Internet Archive on Oct 10, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/19/2014

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The commander is ultimately responsible for
establishing the Essential Elements of
Information (EEI) and for applying the
resources necessary to satisfy them. Open
source intelligence is not necessarily the
responsibility of, or available from, national-
level intelligence organizations. While the
intelligence staff typically acts as the staff
principal for OSINT activities, other staffs

are frequently well placed to both collect
open sources and to facilitate the further
development of sources on behalf of the
Command. The subordinate commanders for
Civil Affairs, Public Relations, Military
Police, and Combat Engineering may often
be the best channels for seeking out OSINT,
and can comprise an informal advisory
council to the commander.

Figure 7 - The OSINT Process

The OSINT PROCESS

Discovery – Know Who Knows

Discrimination – Know What’s What

Distillation – Know What’s Hot

Dissemination – Know Who’s Who

16

OSINT sources include, but are not
restricted to:

National-Level

Intelligence
Organizations
. Although they are not
responsible for satisfying the
commander's needs for OSINT,
national-level intelligence organizations
may have relevant open source
information that can be provided. Some
countries, such as The Netherlands,
United Kingdom, Denmark and
Norway, are exceptionally competent in
this area and have fully integrated
OSINT into their all-source collection
and production environments. Others
may have selected units that can be
called upon, but have not yet mastered
this discipline.

Diplomatic Missions. The established
diplomatic missions of the various
member nations are often the best
source of OSINT, at little cost, if they
are approached by one of their nationals
acting in an official capacity on behalf
of the commander. Such missions are
under no direct obligation to respond,
but informal coordination may yield
good results.

Chambers of Commerce. Many of the
member nations have Chambers of
Commerce and these often have

established small communities that
bring the general managers and key
business executives from their national
firms in any given country together. On
an informal basis, with clear disclosure
of the commander's interest, useful
OSINT may be acquired. This is
particularly true in deployed areas.

Non-Governmental Organizations.
The International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC), Doctors Without
Borders, and the many elements of the
United Nations as well as the many
international relief and charity
organizations, have deep direct
knowledge that can be drawn upon
through informal coordination.

Religious Organizations. Many Non-
Article 5 Operations have very
substantial human mass migration and
ethnic conflict aspects as witnessed
during Operation Allied Force. These
issues are often best understood by
religious organizations. Organizations
such as The Papal Nuncio and the local
Opus Dei, the B'nai Brith, the Islamic
World Foundation, and other equivalent
religious organizations are an essential
source of overt information and expert
perceptions

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