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UNITED NATIONS RESPONSE TOWARDS THE HAPPENING OF CIVIL WAR IN SYRIA After numbers of demand from many countries,

it resulted in the involvement of United Nation into the Civil War happening in Syria. As the use of force is lawful only when in exercise of self-defence in accordance with Article 51 of the United Nations Charter or when the United Nation Security Council (UNSC) approve such action, according to Secretary-General of UN, Mr Ban Ki Moon. In early 2012, United Nations General Assembly passes a non-binding resolution endorsing the Arab League plan for Syrian president Bashar al-Assad to step down. The vote was 137 in favor and 12 against, with 17 abstentions. On 14 April 2012, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2042 was unanimously adopted. It authorizes an advanced team of at least 30 unarmed military observers to Syria to monitor compliance with the ceasefire agreement. One week after, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2043 was adopted after. As an effect, United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS), a UN peacekeeping mission in Syria. Eventually, the UNSMIS mandate came to an end on 19 August 2012. United Nations Security Council Resolution 2118 has been adopted. The UNSC has approved the resolutions by backing up the US-Russian plan of threatened air strikes on Syria as punishment for using chemical weapons in their own country after considering various controversial points that given by various parties as it constitutes a threat to international peace and security. Syria has until 30 June 2014 to complete the destructions of its chemical weapons. The United States and Russia also urged the United Nations to set a date for a Syria peace conference in the second week of November.