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Tutorial,again...ikut sume arahan dalam 2..Teacher nak pas cuti.

Tutorial,again...ikut sume arahan dalam 2..Teacher nak pas cuti.

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TUTORIAL 4

PHYSICS I

HMM 1224

1. A woman swimming upstream is not moving with respect to the shore. Is she

doing any work? If she stops swimming and merely floats, is work done on

her?

2. Why is it tiring to push hard against a solid wall even though you are doing no

work?

3. A child on a sled (total mass m) starts from rest at the top of a hill of height

h and slides down. Does the velocity at the bottom depend on the angle of

the hill if (a) it is icy and there is no friction, and (b) there is friction (deep

snow)?

4. What is the minimum work needed to push a 950-kg car 810 m up along a

9.0º incline? (a) Ignore friction. (b) Assume the effective coefficient of

friction retarding the car is 0.25.

5. A roller coaster starts from rest at the top of an 18-m hill as shown. The car

travels to the bottom of the hill and continues up the next hill that is 10.0 m

high. How fast is the car moving at the top of the 10.0-m hill if friction is

ignored?

6. (a) If the KE of an arrow is doubled, by what factor has its speed increased?

(b) If its speed is doubled, by what factor does its KE increase?

7. A 1.60-m tall person lifts a 2.10-kg book from the ground so it is 2.20 m

above the ground. What is the potential energy of the book relative to (a) the

ground, and (b) the top of the person’s head? (c) How is the work done by

the person related to the answers in parts (a) and (b)?

reaches the plate, it may have slowed by 10%. Neglecting gravity,

estimate the average force of air resistance during a pitch, if the distance

between the plate and the pitcher is about 15 m.

the average force exerted on the car due to friction and air resistance?

Solution

1. The woman does work by moving the water with her hands and feet,

because she must exert a force to move the water some distance. As she

stops swimming and begins to float in the current, the current does work

on her because she gains kinetic energy. Once she is floating the same

speed as the water, her kinetic energy does not change, and so no net

work is being done on her.

2. While it is true that no work is being done on the wall by you, there is

work being done inside your arm muscles. Exerting a force via a muscle

causes small continual motions in your muscles, which is work, and which

causes you to tire. An example of this is holding a heavy load at arm’s

length. While at first you may hold the load steady, after a time your arm

will begin to shake, which indicates the motion of muscles in your arm.

3. (a) If there is no friction to dissipate any of the energy, then the

gravitational PE that the child has at the top of the hill all turns into

kinetic energy at the bottom of the hill. The same kinetic energy will be

present regardless of the slope – the final speed is completely determined

by the height. The time it takes to reach the bottom of the hill will be

longer for a smaller slope.

(b) If there is friction, then the longer the path is, the more work that

friction will do, and so the slower the speed will be at the bottom. So for

a steep hill, the sled will have a greater speed at the bottom than for a

shallow hill.

kinetic energy is

doubled, the speed will be multiplied by a factor of 2 .

kinetic energy will be multiplied by a factor of 4 .

PEG mg ybook yground 2.10 kg 9.80 m s 2 2.20 m 45.3 J

PEG mg ybook yhead h 2.10 kg 9.80 m s 2 0.60 m 12 J

(c) The work done by the person in lifting the book from the ground to the

final height is the same

as the answer to part (a), 45.3 J. In part (a), the PE is calculated relative

to the starting location of the application of the force on the book. The

work done by the person is not related to the answer to part (b).

1m s

8. The original speed of the softball is 95 km h 26.39 m s. The final

3.6 km h

speed is 90% of this, or 23.75 m/s. The work done by air friction causes a

change in the kinetic energy of the ball, and thus the speed change. In

calculating the work, notice that the force of friction is directed oppositely to the

direction of motion of the ball.

Wfr Ffr d cos180o KE2 KE1 12 m v22 v12

Ffr

m v22 v12 mv 0.9

2

1

2

0.25 kg 26.39 m s 0.9

1

2 2

1 1.1 N

2d 2d 2 15 m

ground to propel the car forward. The relationship between the power and

W Fd d

the force is given by P F Fv . Thus the force to propel the car

t t t

forward is found by F P v . If the car has a constant velocity, then the total

resistive force must be of the same magnitude as the engine force, so that

the net force is zero. Thus the total resistive force is also found by F P v .

P 18 hp 746 W 1 hp

F 5.5 10 2 N

v 1m s

88 km h

3.6 km h

PS-salam..attached is the file for tutorial 4..make sure your clasmates got it..tq..the one with no solution

u have to submit to me after holiday..

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