In the 18th century, there was intense musical activity in all the more developed regions of Brazil, with

their moderately stable institutional and educational structures. The previously few private orchestras became more common and the churches presented a great variety of music. The musical pieces were mostly sacred music . With the impoverishment of the mines at the end of the century, the focus of the musical activity changed to other centers, specially Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, where André da Silva Gomez, a composer of Portuguese origin, released a great number of works and dynamized the musical life of the city.

In the beginning of the 20th century, there was a movement for creating an authentically Brazilian music, with less influences of the European culture. In this sense, the folklore was the major font of inspiration for the composers.

Villa-Lobos did researches about the musical folklore of Brazil, and mixed elements both from classical and popular music. He explored many musical genres such as concertos, symphonies, ballets, operas and other symphonic, vocal and chamber music. After 1960, the Brazilian avant-garde movement received a new wave, focusing on serial music, microtonal music, concrete music and electronic music, employing a completely new language. This movement was called Música Nova (New Music) . Nowadays, Brazilian music follows the guidelines of both experimentalism and traditional this kind of music is appearing thefreedom of expression. The Brazilian music industry opened up to international styles and this has allowed for both foreign and local genres to co-exist and identify people. Each different style relates to the people socially, politically, and economically. The native peoples of the Brazilian rainforest play instruments including whistles, flutes, horns, drums and rattles. Much of the area's folk music imitates the sounds of the Amazon Rainforest. Brazilian culture began to take shape as a synthesis of native musical styles with Portuguese music and African music. In 1929, prompted by the opening of the first radio station in Rio de Janeiro, the so-called radio era began spreading songs – especially the novelty Samba in its current format – to larger masses.Popular music included instruments like cuicas, tambourines, frying pans ('played' with a metal stick), flutes and guitars.

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