BONDEK ® II

LYSAGHT® BONDEK® II
Design and Construction Guide
Structural Steel Decking for Composite Concrete Slabs

CONTENTS
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Features and applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.1 Spanning capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.2 Composite action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.3 Design efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.4 Economical design for fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.5 Quicker trouble free installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.6 Technical support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Specification and Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 2.1 BONDEK® II composite slabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 2.2 BONDEK® II section properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 2.3 Sheeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 2.4 Concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 2.5 Reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 2.6 Shear connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 2.7 Design methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 2.8 Formwork design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 2.9 Composite slab design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 2.10 Design for fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Design Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 3.1 Use of design tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 3.2 Single span design tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 3.3 End spans design tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 3.4 Interior span design tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 3.5 Formwork tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 4.1 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 4.2 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 4.2.1 Propping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 4.2.2 Laying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 4.2.3 Interlocking the sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 4.2.4 Securing the platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 4.2.5 Installing BONDEK® II on steel frames . . . . . . . . . .40 4.2.6 Installing BONDEK® II on brick supports . . . . . . . . .41 4.2.7 Construction and movement joints . . . . . . . . . . .42 4.2.8 Fastening side lap joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 4.2.9 Cutting and fitting edge form . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 4.2.10 Sealing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 4.2.11 Items embedded in slabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 4.2.12 Holes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 4.2.13 Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 4.2.14 Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 4.3 Reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 4.3.1 Transvers reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 4.3.2 Longitudinal reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 4.3.3 Trimmers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 4.4 Concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 4.4.1 Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 4.4.2 Concrete additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 4.4.3 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 4.4.4 Construction joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 4.4.5 Placing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 4.4.6 Curing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 4.4.7 When to remove props . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 4.5 Finishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 4.5.1 Soffit and edge form finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 4.5.2 Plastering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 4.5.3 Change in floor loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 4.6 Suspended ceilings & services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 4.6.1 Plasterboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 4.6.2 Suspended ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 4.6.3 Suspended services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 4.7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 4.8 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
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Disclaimer, warranties and limitation of liability
This publication is intended to be a design aid for professional engineers and is not a substitute for professional judgment. Except to the extent to which liability may not be lawfully excluded or limited, BlueScope Steel Limited will not be under or incur any liability to you for any direct or indirect loss or damage (including, without limitation, consequential loss or damage, such as loss of profit or anticipated profit, loss of data, loss of use, damage to goodwill and loss due to delay) however caused (including, without limitation, breach of contract, negligence and/or breach of stature), which you may suffer or incur in connection with this publication or the software. Published by BlueScope Steel Limited © BlueScope Steel Limited 2003. Produced at BlueScope Lysaght Technology.

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4 5 .4 ECONOMICAL DESIGN FOR FIRE II sheeting was conservatively treated as ineffective in our previous publications. Fire tests conducted recently at Victoria University of Technology showed that BONDEK® II has some capacity in fire up to 120 min.2 mm) allows much closer matching of design requirements and deck performance.2 1. These developments allow you to make significant improvements compared with the design methods we previously published for slabs using BONDEK® II. DESIGN EFFICIENCY The range of BONDEK® II gauges available (0. The rules for calculating moment capacities are based on testing performed at BlueScope Lysaght Technology facility at Chester Hill. The bold embossements along the top of the ribs of BONDEK® II enhance safety by reducing the likelihood of workers slipping.2 thickness may be designed by our Customer Support Centre. No additional fire reinforcement may be necessary in many design cases. 1.20 mm thickness (Includes data for recently introduced 1. as well as countless small ones. However. Effective area of BONDEK® II is mainly concentrated in top flanges of the profile. Further. BONDEK® II 1. the span limits that previously applied to BONDEK® II in continuous spans have been increased by up to 12%.INTRODUCTION Welcome to the LYSAGHT® BONDEK® II structural steel decking design and construction manual. We have simplified the work of engineers with this single book which replaces two previous publications. Sydney Australia. BONDEK® II 2003BS software has been developed which would allow you to get quicker and more economical solutions with more options. 1. BONDEK® II sheeting capacity was included in fire calculations as a result of this research. Fire tests have been conducted to investigate temperatures within concrete body and within BONDEK® II sheeting itself as well as effect of elevated temperatures on shear bond capacity. BONDEK® II is a profiled steel sheeting widely accepted by the building construction industry to be highly economical. This publication contains complete technical information on the following grades of BONDEK® II: • BONDEK® II 0. and • Economical design for fire due to BONDEK® II sheeting being partially effective for fire rating of up to 120 min. the solutions with this BONDEK® II 1.1 FEATURES AND APPLICATIONS SPANNING CAPACITIES New design rules have been developed for the design of BONDEK® II acting as a BONDEK® II structural formwork for the construction of composite and noncomposite slabs (where BONDEK® II is used as lost formwork). 1. The data obtained allowed us to include moment capacities in negative regions of the design model in accordance to BS 5950: Part 4: 1994 and reference document in this Standard: Technical Note 116: Design of profiled sheeting as permanent formwork. Additionally. It can be used as a formwork as well as a reinforcement system for composite concrete slab construction.00 mm thickness • BONDEK® II 1. versatile and robust.0 mm and 1.2 mm is not available in the design tables and software. As a consequence. it was developed to latest versions of relevant British Standards and includes advanced design of formwork and design for fire.3 COMPOSITE ACTION BONDEK® II has a very high shear-bond capacity. Call our Customer Support Centres (listed on the back cover) to obtain a copy of the software.75 mm thickness • BONDEK® II 1. 1 1. This manual implements several major new technical developments: • Linear elastic analysis of continuous composite slabs • Increased unsupported spans of BONDEK® II sheeting at the formwork stage due to inclusion of negative moment region capacities • Design for reliable control of flexural cracking in support regions. Lap joints fully cast in concrete contribute more than dovetail ribs. BONDEK® 1. Due to this.75 mm.5 QUICKER TROUBLE-FREE INSTALLATION The installation of BONDEK® II follows simple. familiar and widely accepted practice. It has been used to great effect on many major building projects. so the information is not applicable to other sheeting profiles. This new publication is based on our extensive research conducted on BONDEK® II profiled steel sheeting. 1. BONDEK® II slabs do not normally have limitations on imposed loads on typical spans unlike trapezoidal profiles.6 TECHNICAL SUPPORT Refer to the back cover for contact details of your local technical support.2mm). BONDEK® II is available in long lengths so large areas can be quickly and easily covered to form a safe working platform during construction.

7 DESIGN METHODS There are three ways you can design concrete slabs using BONDEK® II: • Using the design tables given in this manual.75 BMT the grade is G550.2 BMT the grade is G500. The steel conforms to both AS 1397 and BS EN 10147. and: • for 1. zinc-coated. • Run our software. Shear studs shall not be considered when composite beams are not a design option such as concrete frame buildings or composite slabs supported by masonry walls. Figure 2.0 and 0.69 12. Other concrete grades are available in the BONDEK® II 2003BS software.98 Table 1.20 BMT 1.20 1.90 64.75mm.4 2.03 16. 6 7 .2. • Calculate from first principles using relevant British Standards and data from this manual and available through BlueScope Lysaght and Lysaght Technology at Chester Hill.50 2014 1678 1259 76. as flexural negative reinforcement over supports and in some instances for fire engineering purposes.2 Section properties in Table 1. high tensile steel. BONDEK®II dcb SHEETING ELASTIC CENTROID tbm (BMT) 200 200 Cover width 600 Sheet width 630 13 200 Figure 2.1 where relevant. 2. Strength reduction factors are not applicable since BONDEK® II forms a solid slab.08 47. It shall comply with requirements of BS 4449:1997 for bars and with BS 4483:1998 for fabric.75 BMT BONDEK ® II BONDEK ® II 1.5 CONCRETE All tables have been developed for the C30 concrete with normal density of 2400 kg/m3 (wet density). The software allows input of parameters which are not available in tables such as grades of concrete other than C30.00 BMT BONDEK ® II 0.1 SPECIFICATION AND DESIGN BONDEK® II COMPOSITE SLABS CENTROID OF ALL NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT 2. Reinforcement Grade 460B shall be specified. The coating is Z350 (350g/m2 minimum coating mass) or Z450 (450g/m2 minimum coating mass) on both sides.2 BONDEK® II SECTION PROPERTIES Thickness BMT mm Section modulus Zx 103 mm3/m Cross-sectional Second moment area of BONDEK® II of area Ash mm2/m Ix 104 mm4/m 1. Embossments on the top of flanges provide the mechanical connection between the steel and concrete.3 Negative (hogging) reinforcement for flexure and crack control SHEETING II is rolled-formed from hot dipped. BONDEK® Embossments on ribs b dct Shrinkage and temperature mesh • Top location • Bottom location Concrete c D 52 32 hr = 54 32 29 51 2.1 profile dimensions and reinforcement 2. This is also likely to produce more economical design .00 0. Sydney Australia.1 BONDEK composite slab BONDEK® II Flute Pan REINFORCEMENT Steel reinforcement is necessary to control shrinkage and temperature effects.75 20.0 and 0.2 are given for reference only. • for 1.2 BONDEK® II profile and dimensions 2. in base metal thickness (BMT) of 1.6 SHEAR CONNECTORS Shear studs for composite beams may be specified with BONDEK® II concrete slabs as required by BS 5959:Part 3: section 3. 1.2 2. 51 630 Figure 2.

• The sheets are designed as single or continuous span formwork. and Stage 2 as during the placement of concrete up until the concrete hardens. BS 8110: Part 1: 1997.4 1. • BONDEK® II sheeting ends shall be securely fixed to the supporting structure • The ratio of the longer slab span to the shorter slab span (Ll/Ls) of any two adjacent spans does not exceed 1. • Imposed construction loads shall not be applied to areas supporting storage loads and vice versa. Construction imposed load can be applied on the BONDEK® II formwork or recently formed slabs. • Maximum imposed storage load on the formwork is 4 kPa.5 kPa.6 Imposed Storage Loads Qs 1.5 BONDEK® II Pattern 2 for conventional reinforcement when imposed load exceeds twice the dead load 9 8 . Figure 2.3Ln Equal sheeting spans L' BONDEK® II Minimum 70mm Wall Ln Ln L (span) Continuous over interior support Little or no restraint at end support Wall Outline of concrete ® II BONDEK 50mm minimum 100 mm minimum Minimum 50mm Temporary props Temporary props L (span) Restraint at end support by mass of wall Slab span L End support Interior support Slab span L Interior support Deflection limits/loading parameters BS 5950:Part 4: 1994 recommends that the sheeting deflection should not exceed L/130 (but <30mm) under its own weight plus the weight of wet concrete (including reinforcement) provided ponding is taken into account. • The supports are effectively rigid such that their vertical deflections during the construction phase can be ignored in design.8 FORMWORK DESIGN The II formwork shall be designed in accordance to BS 5950: Part 4: 1994 and BS 5950: Part 6: 1995 and Technical Note 116: Design of profile sheeting as permanent formwork BONDEK® II bending capacities have been confirmed by tests conducted at the Lysaght Technology facility at Chester Hill. Figure 2. In this publication.4 BONDEK® II Pattern 1 for conventional (standard) reinforcement Wall Wall 0.3Ln 0. Clause 6. deflection limits of L/130 is adopted.2 (i.2. Our design tables can be used to detail BONDEK® II acting as a structural formwork. BONDEK® 2.8.6 - Ln L (span) Restraint at end support by mass of wall NOTES: 1) Construction Stage 1 is defined as being prior to the placement of concrete.4 1. Data about shear-bond capacity have been obtained from full-scale tests and supplementary smallscale slip-block tests. restraint capacities can be analysed using first principles.3 BONDEK® II formwork Concrete slab 0. Australia. or 4.8 for crack control will not be satisfied.requirements of BS8110: Part 1: 1994.4 1.5/Span kPa for slab spans less than 3m.3Ln 0. The tables provide with solutions for steel frame or masonry wall types of construction. BS 8110: Part2: 1985. BS 4449: 1997. • The slab has a uniform cross section. • Separate consideration is given to sides of the sheeting where edges shall be restrained.3Ln Cover Figure 2.9 COMPOSITE SLAB DESIGN The BONDEK® II composite slabs shall be designed in accordance to BS 5950: Part 4: 1994.0 Imposed Construction Loads Qc 1.4 1. 3) Both distributed and line load cases must be considered separately.Factored load combinations for strength and deflection calculations Construction Stage (See note 1) la lb lla llb Design Case (See note 2) Strength Strength Strength Deflection Sheeting Dead Load Gdp (See Note 3) 1. The design concept is based on "k" and "m" method. Our design tables and software can be used to design composite slabs with BONDEK® II. 2) Gdc includes an allowance for concrete ponding and the weight of steel reinforcement.6 1. Minimum nominal reinforcement at intermediate supports shall be specified in this case in accordance to BS5950: Part4: 1994. • The formwork is not used as a restraint to supporting steel beams during construction.3Ln BONDEK® II Wall Ln L (span) Continuous over interior support Little or no restraint at end support Wall 1/3 of negative reinforcement Table 1 . Increased slab thickness may be required in many instances when continuous slabs are designed as a series of simply supported spans.5. AS 3600-2001 may be used where relevant. Sydney.3Ln Cover • Maximum construction imposed load is 1.0 Concrete Dead Load Gdp 1. provided the following conditions are satisfied: • The support lines extend across the full width of the sheeting and have a minimum bearing of 50 mm at the ends of the sheets when rest on steel or concrete and 70 mm when rest on other materials such as masonry wall. • The sheets continue within each slab span length without any overlaps or intermediate splicing or jointing longitudinally.2). Concrete slab 0. Clause 3. It shall be noted that nominal reinforcement will not prevent formation of wide cracks over supports .e. provided the following conditions are satisfied: • It is a common practice to design continuous slabs as a series of single spans. This load shall not be applied on recently formed slabs. When necessary. Negative reinforcement Wall Wall 0. Ll/Ls ≤ 1.

embedded or encased services) to provide the appropriate fire resistance period. 120. Top tensile/negative reinforcement includes longitudinal wires of shrinkage mesh.2. N/A means a design solution with this particular fire rating is not possible. 3.• The ratio of longer slab span (Ll) to the shorter slab span (Ls) of any two adjacent spans does not exceed 1.0mm BMT • Formwork deflections limit: L/130. and maximum construction imposed loads shall be limited to 1. Values of these reduction factors have been derived from fire tests conducted at Victoria University of Technology and extensive finite element analysis of BONDEK® II composite slabs.2. • Composite slab deflection limits: L/250 for total loads and L/350 for imposed loads.3mm. Concrete Permissible zone for + longitudinal fire reinforcement Ast. • For crack control of slabs in flexure over supports limits the crack width to 0.8 factor for imposed loads for fire conditions. • xb ≥ 30 mm 1440 50 570 Fire reinforcement required for fire resistance of 90 minutes (mm2/m) Notes: 1. • Degree of redistribution of negative reinforcement is 10%. Reduced shear bond capacity is also considered for elevated temperatures. edges. 6. • Type of construction: steel-frame or masonry wall construction. • The fire design load is essentially uniformly distributed and static in nature. 2. 90. 60. • Minimum 100 mm width of permanent supports. • BONDEK® II used as a structural deck with thickness 0. • 1 kPa of superimposed dead load.1 KEY .5 kPa. 3 3. • Ratio of longer adjacent span to shorter does not exceed 1. • Maximum 10 mm diameter reinforcing bars. • The first interior span shall have the same thickness as the end span. Alternatively the local provision of suitable protection (such as fire spray material) will be necessary. • Office type of imposed loads: 25% of imposed loads are permanent. A dash (-) means no fire reinforcement is necessary. • Density of wet concrete: 2400 kg/m3.6 Permissible zone for location of longitudinal fire reinforcement. 2. if any. Our tables may be used to detail BONDEK® II composite slabs when the soffit is exposed to fire provided the following conditions are satisfied: • The composite slab acts as a one-way element spanning in the direction of the sheeting ribs for both room temperature and fire conditions. 4. • 90 and 120 min.Single Spans Fire reinforcement required for fire resistance of 120 minutes (mm2/m) DESIGN TABLES USE OF DESIGN TABLES The design parameters specific for each table are given on the top of tables: • Spans: single. • The geometry of the steel sheeting profile shall conform to the dimensions and tolerances shown on our production drawings. • The composite slab has been initially designed and detailed for room temperature conditions in accordance to this manual.Continuous Spans Top tensile (negative) reinforcements over supports (mm2/m) Fire reinforcement required for fire resistance of 120 minutes (mm2/m) 2. All spans are centre to centre. that is Ll/Ls<=1. continuous end or interior. 5. Reduction factors are applied to allow for the adverse effect of elevated temperatures on the mechanical properties of concrete and steel. potential damage to the shear connection must be avoided.1 • Location of fire reinforcement as shown on Fig. • Reinforcement: 460B grade in accordance to BS 4449:1997 for bars and BS 4483:1998 for fabric. • The fire periods are 30.2. 180 or 240 min. • Adequate detailing of slab jointing. • Maximum storage imposed loads on formwork: 4 kPa. Prior to the development of composite action during construction.6 50 570 Bottom reinforcement required for fire resistance of 90 minutes (mm2/m) KEY . The concrete shall follow the recommendations given in BS 8110. BS 476-20: 1987 and BS 476-21: 1987. Sheeting with embossments of a depth less than that specified on these drawings shall not be used as composites unless the values of "k’ and "m" are revised.f xb xb 20 yb 50 ® BONDEK II Figure 2. fire resistance levels for single and continuous spans • Location of negative reinforcement as shown on Fig. Single spans do not require top tensile reinforcement. 2. The rest of parameters are common for all tables and listed below: • More than four spans for continuous spans • Concrete grade: C30.10 DESIGN FOR FIRE The BONDEK® II composite slabs shall be designed for fire conditions in accordance to BS 5950-8: 1990. The wet concrete density must be 2400 kg/m3 for normal weight concrete. • The bending moments at the supports are only caused by the action of vertical loads applied to the slab. • Thickness of the slab. slab holes and cavities (for penetrating. • 0. 10 11 . • Composite action must be assumed to exist between the steel sheeting and the concrete once the concrete in the slab has attained a compressive strength of 20 MPa. • Indoor conditions for creep and shrinkage. relevant cells are not shown. • Reinforcement Pattern 2 shall be used when imposed load exceeds twice the dead load. • Mild conditions of exposure. • The specified concrete strength grade is in the range C30 to C40 (only C30 is available in tables). Areas without cells mean that a design solution is not possible. and additional bars.75 & 1.

5 0 0 0 30 70 130 190 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 10 60 110 180 250 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 30 90 150 230 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 20 70 140 220 300 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10 70 150 230 330 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A (mm) 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 2 0 0 0 0 0 40 70 100 140 180 10 40 80 110 150 190 230 280 330 380 0 0 0 0 30 70 110 150 190 3 30 70 100 140 190 230 280 340 390 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.75 mm BMT Single Spans 140 mm slab Span 0.3.2 SINGLE SPAN DESIGN TABLES 0.75 mm BMT Single Spans175 mm slab Span 0.5 0 0 0 10 50 90 130 190 240 40 70 120 160 210 260 320 390 460 0 0 0 40 80 120 180 230 60 100 140 190 250 310 380 450 0 0 20 60 110 160 220 280 70 120 170 230 290 360 430 520 0 10 50 100 150 220 280 100 160 210 280 350 430 520 0 50 100 170 230 310 10 150 210 280 370 460 560 (mm) 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 2 0 0 0 20 40 70 100 140 170 200 240 60 90 120 160 190 230 270 320 350 400 450 0 0 10 40 70 110 140 180 210 250 3 90 120 150 190 230 270 320 370 410 460 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.5 0 0 0 30 60 100 140 190 240 60 90 130 180 220 280 330 390 460 0 0 10 50 90 140 180 240 80 120 160 210 260 320 380 450 0 0 40 80 120 170 230 280 100 140 190 240 300 370 440 520 0 30 70 120 170 220 290 130 180 230 290 360 440 520 30 70 120 180 250 320 10 180 240 300 380 470 560 Single Spans 120 mm slab Span 0.75 mm Single Spans 110 mm slab Span 0.75 mm BMT (mm) 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 2 0 0 0 0 0 40 80 130 190 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 40 80 140 200 3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.5 0 10 40 70 100 140 180 220 250 110 150 180 230 270 320 370 420 470 0 30 60 90 130 170 210 260 300 130 170 210 260 310 360 410 470 530 10 50 80 120 160 200 250 300 160 200 240 290 350 400 460 530 40 80 120 160 200 250 310 190 240 290 340 400 460 530 10 80 130 170 220 280 340 250 300 360 430 500 580 12 13 .5 0 0 0 0 40 80 130 180 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 20 70 120 170 240 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 50 100 150 220 290 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 30 90 140 210 290 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 30 90 150 230 310 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A (mm) 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 2 0 0 0 0 20 50 80 120 150 190 30 60 90 130 170 210 250 290 340 390 0 0 0 20 50 80 120 160 200 3 50 90 120 160 200 250 300 350 400 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.75 mm BMT Single Spans 150 mm slab Span 0.5 0 0 10 40 80 120 160 200 250 70 110 150 200 240 290 340 400 470 0 0 30 70 110 150 200 250 100 140 180 230 280 340 400 460 0 20 50 90 140 180 240 290 120 160 210 260 320 380 450 520 10 50 90 130 180 240 300 150 200 260 310 380 450 530 10 50 90 140 200 260 330 200 260 330 400 480 570 Single Spans 130 mm slab Span 0.75 mm BMT (mm) 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 2 0 0 0 0 0 20 60 90 130 180 0 30 60 100 130 180 220 270 320 380 0 0 0 0 20 60 90 140 190 3 20 50 90 130 170 220 270 330 390 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.75 mm BMT (mm) 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 2 0 0 0 0 0 10 50 90 130 180 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 10 40 90 130 190 3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.

Single Spans 200 mm slab Span 0.0 mm BMT Single Spans 250 mm slab Span 0.5 50 80 110 140 170 200 230 270 310 350 380 200 230 270 310 350 390 440 480 530 580 630 70 100 130 160 200 230 270 310 350 390 220 260 300 340 390 430 480 530 580 640 90 120 150 190 220 260 300 340 390 250 290 330 380 420 470 520 580 630 120 150 190 230 270 310 350 400 450 290 330 380 430 480 530 590 650 710 170 210 250 290 340 390 440 10 350 400 460 510 570 640 700 Single Spans130 mm slab Span 1.5 0 0 0 0 10 50 100 150 210 20 60 100 150 200 250 310 380 450 0 0 0 0 40 90 140 200 260 40 80 130 180 230 300 370 440 520 0 0 0 30 70 120 180 250 60 110 160 210 270 340 420 510 0 0 20 60 120 180 250 320 90 140 200 260 340 420 510 610 0 20 70 130 200 280 360 10 140 200 270 350 440 540 660 14 15 .5 20 40 70 100 130 160 200 230 270 310 350 150 190 230 260 300 340 390 440 480 540 590 30 60 90 120 160 190 230 270 310 350 180 220 260 290 340 380 430 480 540 590 50 80 120 150 190 220 260 310 350 200 240 280 330 370 420 480 530 590 80 110 150 190 230 270 310 360 410 240 280 330 380 430 480 540 600 660 10 130 170 210 250 300 350 400 300 350 400 460 520 580 650 Single Spans120mm slab Span 1.0 mm 1.75 mm BMT SINGLE SPAN DESIGN TABLES 1.75 mm BMT (mm) 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 2 0 0 30 50 70 100 130 160 190 220 260 290 110 140 170 200 230 270 300 340 380 430 470 520 0 20 50 70 100 130 160 200 230 270 300 3 130 160 200 230 270 310 350 390 430 480 530 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.75 mm BMT (mm) 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 50 100 140 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 0 10 50 100 150 3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.5 0 0 0 0 40 90 160 230 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 20 80 140 210 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 50 120 190 270 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 40 100 180 270 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 40 110 190 290 400 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Single Spans 225 mm slab Span 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 40 90 150 210 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 30 80 140 200 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 10 60 120 180 250 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 50 110 180 250 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 50 120 190 280 370 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A (mm) 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 5800 2 10 30 60 80 110 140 170 200 230 260 290 330 150 170 210 240 270 310 350 390 430 470 510 560 30 50 80 110 140 170 200 230 270 300 340 3 170 200 240 270 310 350 390 440 480 530 570 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.0 mm BMT (mm) 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 2 0 0 0 20 50 70 100 130 160 190 230 260 70 100 130 160 190 230 260 300 340 390 430 480 0 0 20 40 70 100 130 160 200 240 270 3 90 120 160 190 230 270 310 350 390 440 490 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.0 mm BMT (mm) 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 60 100 140 0 10 50 80 120 160 210 260 310 370 0 0 0 0 0 20 60 100 150 200 3 0 40 70 110 160 210 260 320 380 450 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.5 0 10 40 70 100 130 160 200 240 280 110 150 180 220 260 310 350 390 440 500 0 30 60 90 130 160 200 240 280 320 130 170 210 250 300 350 390 440 500 550 20 50 80 120 150 190 230 270 320 160 200 240 280 330 380 430 490 550 40 80 110 150 190 240 280 330 380 190 230 280 330 380 440 500 560 620 80 120 170 210 260 310 360 10 240 290 350 410 470 540 600 Single Spans110 mm slab Span (mm) 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 50 100 150 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 0 50 100 160 3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.

5 0 0 0 10 40 80 120 170 220 60 100 140 180 230 280 330 390 460 0 0 0 30 70 110 160 210 270 80 120 170 220 270 320 380 450 520 0 0 20 60 100 150 200 260 100 150 200 250 310 370 440 510 0 10 50 100 150 200 260 330 140 190 240 300 370 440 520 600 10 60 110 160 230 290 370 10 190 250 320 390 470 560 660 (mm) 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 2 0 0 0 20 40 70 100 130 160 190 230 260 300 90 120 150 190 220 260 300 340 380 410 460 500 550 0 0 20 40 70 100 130 170 200 230 270 310 3 120 150 180 220 260 300 340 380 430 470 520 570 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.0 mm BMT Span 1.Single Spans140mm slab Span Single Spans200 mm slab 1.0 mm BMT 1.5 20 50 70 110 140 170 200 240 270 310 350 400 190 220 260 300 340 380 420 470 520 570 620 680 40 70 100 130 170 200 240 270 310 360 400 210 250 290 330 380 420 470 520 570 620 680 60 90 120 160 200 230 270 310 350 400 240 280 320 370 420 470 510 570 620 680 90 120 160 200 240 280 320 370 410 460 270 320 370 420 470 530 580 640 700 760 140 180 220 260 310 360 410 460 10 340 390 450 500 560 630 690 760 16 17 .5 0 0 0 30 70 100 140 180 230 270 100 130 170 210 260 300 350 410 460 520 0 0 30 60 100 140 180 220 270 120 160 200 250 300 350 400 460 520 0 10 50 90 130 170 210 260 320 140 180 230 280 330 390 450 510 580 10 40 80 130 170 220 270 330 180 220 280 330 390 450 520 600 50 90 140 190 240 300 370 10 230 290 350 420 490 570 650 (mm) 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 5800 2 0 0 30 50 80 110 130 160 200 230 260 300 130 160 200 230 270 300 340 370 420 460 500 550 0 20 50 80 110 140 170 200 240 270 310 350 3 160 190 230 260 300 340 380 420 470 510 560 610 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.0 mm BMT Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.5 10 0 0 0 30 70 100 130 170 210 250 290 100 130 170 210 250 290 340 390 440 490 550 0 0 30 60 90 130 170 210 250 290 340 120 160 200 240 280 330 380 430 490 550 610 0 10 50 80 120 160 200 240 290 340 140 180 230 270 320 370 420 480 540 600 10 40 80 120 160 200 250 300 350 180 220 270 320 370 430 490 550 620 50 90 130 180 230 280 330 390 230 280 340 400 460 520 600 670 Single Spans150mm slab Span Single Spans225 mm slab 1.0 mm BMT Span (mm) 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 2 0 0 0 0 10 40 70 100 140 170 210 50 80 110 150 180 220 260 300 350 390 440 0 0 0 10 40 70 110 140 180 220 270 3 70 110 140 180 220 260 310 350 400 460 520 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.5 0 0 0 0 30 70 110 160 210 40 80 120 160 210 260 320 380 450 0 0 0 20 60 100 150 200 260 60 100 150 200 250 310 370 440 520 0 0 0 40 90 140 190 250 80 130 180 230 290 350 430 500 0 0 30 80 130 190 250 320 110 160 220 280 350 420 510 600 0 40 90 150 210 280 360 10 160 220 290 370 450 550 650 (mm) 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 2 0 0 0 0 10 40 70 100 130 160 200 240 270 60 80 110 150 180 220 250 290 340 380 430 470 510 0 0 0 10 40 70 100 140 170 210 250 290 3 80 110 140 180 220 260 300 340 390 440 490 540 1.5 0 10 40 70 100 130 170 200 240 280 320 360 140 180 210 250 290 340 380 430 480 520 580 630 0 30 60 90 130 160 200 240 280 320 360 160 200 240 280 330 380 420 480 530 580 640 20 50 80 120 160 190 230 280 320 360 190 230 270 320 360 420 470 520 580 630 50 80 120 160 200 240 280 330 380 430 220 270 320 370 420 470 530 590 660 720 90 130 170 220 270 320 370 420 10 280 330 390 450 510 570 640 710 Single Span250 mm slab Single Spans 175mm slab Span 1.0 mm BMT Span (mm) 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 30 70 110 150 0 30 60 100 140 180 220 270 320 370 0 0 0 0 0 30 70 110 160 210 3 20 50 90 130 170 220 270 320 380 450 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.0 mm BMT (mm) 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 2 0 0 0 0 0 10 50 80 120 160 200 20 50 80 120 150 190 230 280 330 380 440 0 0 0 0 10 50 80 120 170 210 3 40 70 110 150 190 240 280 330 390 450 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 4 5 6 7.

5 240 290 340 390 450 520 590 20 670 50 760 80 860 120 20 40 70 100 140 170 220 280 340 290 350 410 490 560 650 10 740 50 850 90 970 140 10 20 50 90 140 190 240 310 380 18 19 .5 270 270 310 370 430 500 570 20 660 50 750 80 850 130 30 60 100 130 180 230 290 370 270 320 380 450 530 620 10 720 50 830 100 950 160 10 10 50 90 140 190 250 330 420 End Spans 120 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 330 380 430 480 20 530 60 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 300 310 350 400 460 510 30 580 60 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 310 360 410 470 540 20 610 60 680 110 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 310 360 410 480 550 20 620 60 700 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 340 400 470 540 10 620 50 710 90 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.5 300 300 300 340 400 470 550 10 640 50 740 90 850 160 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10 300 300 350 430 510 600 10 700 60 820 120 950 190 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A End Spans 140 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 240 240 240 240 240 260 290 330 360 410 450 500 20 550 50 600 70 20 50 70 90 120 160 190 230 260 240 240 240 240 270 300 340 390 430 480 540 30 600 50 660 80 20 40 70 90 120 160 190 230 280 240 240 240 270 310 350 400 450 500 560 30 630 50 700 80 20 40 60 90 120 150 190 230 280 240 240 260 300 350 400 450 510 570 30 640 50 720 80 800 120 10 30 60 90 110 150 190 230 280 340 240 250 290 340 390 450 510 580 20 650 50 730 80 810 110 20 50 80 110 140 170 220 270 330 0.75 mm BMT 7.END SPAN DESIGN TABLES 0.75 mm BMT 7.75 mm End Spans110 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 370 420 20 470 60 530 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 330 340 390 450 20 510 60 580 110 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 350 400 460 20 530 60 610 110 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 340 400 460 10 540 50 620 100 710 170 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 390 450 530 30 610 90 710 150 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.5 330 330 330 380 460 540 30 630 90 740 150 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10 330 330 400 480 580 40 690 100 810 190 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A End Spans130mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 310 350 390 440 490 20 540 50 600 80 10 40 60 90 120 160 200 240 290 270 270 270 270 270 280 320 370 420 470 520 20 580 50 650 90 10 30 60 90 120 160 200 250 300 270 270 270 270 290 330 380 430 490 550 20 610 50 690 90 10 30 60 80 120 150 200 250 300 270 270 270 280 320 380 430 490 560 20 630 50 710 90 20 50 80 110 150 190 240 300 270 270 270 310 370 420 490 560 20 630 50 720 80 810 120 10 40 70 100 130 180 230 290 360 0.75 mm BMT 7.75 mm BMT 7.

5 310 360 410 460 520 580 20 650 40 720 70 800 90 880 120 970 150 20 50 70 100 130 160 190 230 260 290 330 10 380 430 500 560 640 30 720 60 800 90 900 120 990 150 1100 180 50 80 110 140 180 210 250 290 330 370 End Spans225 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 300 300 300 300 320 350 380 420 450 490 10 530 20 570 40 610 60 650 80 20 30 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 190 210 230 300 300 300 330 360 400 430 470 510 10 560 30 600 50 650 60 700 80 740 100 10 30 50 60 80 100 120 150 170 190 220 240 270 300 300 340 370 410 450 490 530 10 580 30 620 50 680 70 730 90 790 110 840 130 10 30 40 60 80 100 120 150 170 200 220 250 280 300 300 330 370 410 450 490 540 10 590 30 640 50 690 70 750 90 810 110 880 140 940 160 20 40 60 80 100 120 150 170 200 220 250 280 310 340 330 370 410 450 490 540 10 590 30 650 50 710 70 770 90 830 110 900 140 970 160 1040 190 30 50 70 90 120 140 170 190 220 250 280 310 340 370 0.End Spans150mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 220 220 220 220 240 280 310 340 380 420 470 510 20 560 40 610 70 10 30 50 80 100 130 150 180 220 250 220 220 220 250 290 320 360 400 450 500 10 550 30 600 50 660 80 10 30 50 80 100 130 160 190 220 260 220 220 250 290 330 370 420 470 520 10 580 30 640 60 700 80 770 110 30 50 70 100 130 160 190 230 270 310 220 240 280 320 370 420 470 530 10 590 30 660 60 730 90 800 110 20 40 70 90 120 150 180 220 270 310 230 270 310 360 410 470 530 600 30 670 60 750 80 830 110 10 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 260 310 0.75 mm BMT 7.5 320 360 410 460 510 570 10 620 30 690 50 760 80 830 100 910 130 990 160 1080 190 30 50 70 100 120 150 180 210 240 270 310 340 380 10 380 430 490 550 620 20 690 50 760 70 840 100 930 130 1020 160 1120 190 50 80 100 130 160 200 230 260 300 340 380 End Spans 175 mm slab Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 230 230 230 250 280 310 340 380 410 450 490 10 530 30 580 50 630 70 680 90 10 30 50 70 90 100 130 150 180 210 240 270 230 230 250 290 320 360 390 440 470 520 20 570 40 620 60 680 80 740 100 10 30 50 70 90 110 130 160 180 210 240 280 230 250 290 320 360 400 450 500 540 20 600 40 660 60 720 80 780 110 20 40 60 90 110 140 160 190 220 250 280 250 280 320 360 410 450 510 560 20 610 40 680 60 740 90 810 110 890 140 20 40 60 80 110 130 160 190 220 250 280 320 270 310 360 400 450 500 560 20 630 40 690 60 760 90 830 110 910 140 10 30 50 80 100 130 160 190 220 250 280 320 6000 0.5 270 310 360 420 480 550 620 30 700 60 780 90 880 120 30 50 80 110 150 180 220 270 320 330 380 450 520 590 680 10 770 50 870 90 980 130 10 30 60 100 140 190 240 300 360 End Spans200 mm slab Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 260 260 260 260 280 310 340 370 410 450 480 10 520 20 570 40 610 60 660 80 710 100 10 30 50 60 80 100 120 140 170 190 210 240 270 260 260 260 290 320 360 390 430 470 510 10 560 30 600 50 660 70 710 90 770 110 820 130 10 30 40 60 80 100 130 150 170 200 220 250 280 310 260 260 290 330 360 400 440 490 530 10 580 30 630 50 690 70 750 100 810 120 870 140 20 40 60 80 100 130 150 180 200 230 260 290 320 260 290 330 360 410 450 490 540 10 590 30 650 50 710 70 770 100 840 120 910 150 20 40 60 80 100 120 150 180 200 230 260 290 330 280 320 360 400 450 500 540 10 600 30 660 50 720 70 790 100 860 120 940 150 1010 180 10 30 50 70 100 120 140 170 200 230 260 290 330 360 0.75 mm BMT 7.75 mm BMT 7.5 370 410 460 510 560 10 610 30 680 50 740 70 810 100 880 120 950 150 1030 170 1120 200 50 70 90 120 140 170 200 230 260 290 320 360 390 10 440 490 550 610 20 670 40 740 70 820 90 900 120 980 140 1070 170 1160 200 80 100 130 160 190 220 250 290 320 360 400 20 21 .75 mm BMT 7.

0 mm BMT 7.0 mm End Spans 110 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 370 420 470 20 530 60 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 330 340 390 450 510 20 580 70 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 350 400 460 530 20 610 70 690 130 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 340 400 470 540 10 620 70 710 130 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 390 450 530 620 50 710 120 820 190 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 380 460 540 630 50 740 120 860 200 10 500 560 610 20 670 40 740 60 810 90 880 110 960 140 1040 170 110 130 160 190 220 250 280 310 350 1.5 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 400 480 580 690 70 810 150 960 260 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 340 380 3600 3800 4000 4200 End Spans120 mm slab Span (mm) 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 2 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 340 380 430 480 530 20 590 60 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 300 300 300 300 300 300 310 350 400 460 520 580 30 650 70 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 310 360 420 470 540 610 30 690 70 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 310 360 410 480 550 620 20 710 70 800 120 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 340 400 470 540 620 10 710 60 810 110 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.0 mm BMT 7.5 300 300 300 340 400 480 550 640 10 740 60 850 120 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 350 430 510 600 700 20 820 80 950 160 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22 23 .5 420 470 510 560 10 620 30 670 50 730 70 800 90 860 120 930 140 1000 160 1080 190 80 100 120 140 170 200 220 250 280 310 END SPANS DESIGN TABLES 1.End Spans 250 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 330 330 330 330 360 390 430 460 500 10 530 30 570 40 610 60 10 20 40 50 70 90 100 120 140 160 180 210 330 330 340 370 410 440 480 520 10 560 30 600 50 640 60 690 80 20 30 50 70 90 110 130 150 170 190 210 240 330 340 380 420 450 490 540 10 580 30 630 50 670 70 720 90 770 110 30 50 70 80 110 130 150 170 190 220 240 270 340 380 420 460 500 540 10 590 30 640 50 690 70 750 90 800 110 860 130 40 60 80 100 120 150 170 190 220 250 270 300 380 410 460 500 550 10 600 30 650 50 700 70 760 90 820 110 880 130 950 150 60 80 100 120 140 170 190 220 250 270 300 330 0.75 mm BMT 7.

0 mm BMT 7.5 310 360 410 460 520 580 650 10 730 30 800 60 890 90 980 120 1070 150 10 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 250 280 320 370 10 290 350 410 490 560 650 750 10 850 60 970 110 1100 160 10 40 80 120 170 230 290 370 460 2 230 230 230 250 280 310 340 380 410 450 500 540 590 20 640 40 690 60 740 80 10 30 50 70 100 120 140 170 200 230 270 290 Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 230 230 250 290 320 360 400 440 480 530 580 10 630 30 690 50 750 70 810 100 10 30 50 70 100 120 150 170 200 240 270 310 230 250 290 320 360 410 450 500 550 610 10 660 30 730 50 790 80 860 100 10 30 50 70 100 120 150 180 210 240 280 320 250 280 320 360 410 450 510 560 620 10 680 30 750 60 820 80 900 110 980 140 20 50 70 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 320 360 270 310 360 400 450 510 560 630 690 30 760 50 840 80 920 110 1010 140 20 40 60 90 110 140 170 210 240 270 310 360 10 380 430 500 560 640 720 20 800 50 900 80 1000 110 1100 150 1220 180 40 70 100 130 160 200 240 280 320 360 420 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 24 25 .End Spans130 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 310 350 390 440 490 540 10 600 50 30 50 80 110 140 180 230 270 270 270 270 270 270 290 330 370 420 470 530 590 20 650 50 20 50 70 110 150 190 230 290 270 270 270 270 290 330 380 430 490 550 620 20 690 50 770 100 20 40 70 100 140 190 230 290 360 270 270 270 280 330 380 430 490 560 630 10 710 50 800 90 10 40 60 90 130 180 230 290 360 270 270 270 310 370 420 490 560 630 10 720 40 810 90 20 50 90 120 160 220 280 350 1.5 240 290 340 390 450 520 600 680 20 760 50 860 80 970 130 30 60 90 120 160 210 260 330 400 End Spans175 mm slab Span (mm) 1.5 330 10 40 70 100 130 170 210 250 310 370 380 450 520 590 680 770 20 870 60 990 100 1110 150 20 50 80 130 170 230 280 350 430 310 360 420 480 550 620 700 20 780 60 880 90 980 120 10 End Spans140 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 240 240 240 240 240 260 290 330 370 410 450 500 550 10 610 40 670 70 10 30 50 80 110 140 180 220 260 300 240 240 240 240 270 300 340 390 430 490 540 600 20 660 50 730 80 10 30 50 80 110 140 180 220 270 320 240 240 240 270 310 350 400 450 500 560 630 20 700 50 770 80 30 50 80 110 140 180 220 270 330 240 240 260 300 350 400 450 510 580 650 20 720 50 800 80 20 40 70 100 130 170 220 270 320 240 250 290 340 390 450 510 580 650 10 730 40 820 80 910 120 10 30 60 90 120 160 210 260 320 380 1.0 mm BMT 7.0 mm BMT 7.5 270 270 310 370 430 500 570 660 10 750 50 850 90 960 150 20 50 80 120 160 220 280 360 450 10 270 320 380 460 540 620 720 20 830 70 950 130 30 70 120 180 240 320 410 End Spans 150 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 220 220 220 220 250 280 310 350 380 430 470 520 570 10 620 40 680 70 20 40 60 90 110 140 180 210 250 290 220 220 220 250 290 320 360 410 450 500 560 610 20 670 40 740 70 20 40 60 90 110 140 180 220 260 300 220 220 250 290 330 370 420 470 520 580 640 20 710 50 780 80 10 40 60 90 110 140 180 220 260 310 220 240 280 320 370 420 470 530 600 660 20 740 50 810 80 900 110 10 30 50 80 110 140 170 210 260 310 360 230 270 320 360 410 470 530 600 670 20 750 50 830 80 920 110 20 50 70 100 130 170 200 250 300 360 270 1.0 mm BMT 7.

End Spans 200 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 260 260 260 260 280 310 350 380 410 450 490 530 570 10 610 30 660 50 710 70 10 30 50 70 90 110 130 160 180 200 230 260 260 260 260 290 320 360 400 430 480 520 560 610 20 660 40 710 60 770 80 830 100 10 30 50 70 90 120 140 160 190 210 240 270 300 260 260 290 330 370 410 450 490 540 590 640 20 700 40 750 60 810 80 880 110 940 130 10 30 50 70 90 120 140 170 190 220 250 280 310 340 260 290 330 370 410 450 500 550 600 660 20 720 40 780 70 840 90 910 110 990 140 20 40 70 90 110 140 170 190 220 250 280 310 350 280 320 360 400 450 500 550 610 670 20 730 40 800 70 870 90 940 110 1020 140 1100 170 20 40 60 80 110 130 160 190 220 250 280 310 350 390 1.5 300 300 300 310 370 440 510 590 670 770 880 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 330 390 470 550 650 750 870 1000 - 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A End Spans250 mm slab Span Characteristic Imposed Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 330 330 330 330 360 400 430 460 500 540 570 10 610 30 10 20 40 60 80 90 110 130 150 170 200 330 330 340 380 410 450 480 520 560 600 10 650 30 690 50 10 20 40 60 80 100 110 130 160 180 200 230 330 350 380 420 460 500 540 580 630 20 670 30 730 50 780 70 20 40 50 70 90 120 130 160 180 210 230 260 340 380 420 460 500 550 590 640 10 690 30 750 60 800 80 870 100 30 50 70 90 110 140 160 180 210 230 260 290 380 420 460 500 550 600 650 10 700 30 760 50 820 80 880 100 950 120 40 60 80 110 130 160 180 200 230 260 290 320 1.5 320 360 410 460 510 570 630 700 20 770 50 840 70 920 100 1000 130 1080 150 1180 180 10 30 60 80 110 140 160 200 230 260 300 330 370 400 INTERIOR SPAN DESIGN TABLES 0.75 mm BMT 7.5 420 470 520 570 620 680 20 730 40 800 60 860 80 930 110 1010 130 1090 160 60 80 110 130 160 190 210 240 270 300 330 370 1800 2000 10 500 560 620 680 10 740 30 810 60 880 80 960 110 1040 130 1130 160 1220 190 90 120 150 170 200 240 260 300 330 370 410 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 26 27 .0 mm BMT 7.75 mm Interior Spans110mm slab Span Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 370 410 460 520 570 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 350 400 450 510 570 640 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 330 360 420 480 540 610 690 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 360 420 490 560 640 720 820 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 350 410 480 560 640 730 840 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10 380 440 490 550 620 690 10 770 40 850 70 940 100 1030 130 1130 160 1240 190 40 60 90 120 150 180 220 250 290 330 370 410 0.75 mm BMT 7.0 mm BMT 7.5 330 330 330 350 420 490 580 670 780 890 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 370 450 530 630 750 880 - 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Interior Spans120mm slab Span (mm) 2 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 330 370 420 460 510 570 630 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 310 360 400 460 510 570 630 700 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 300 320 370 420 480 540 610 680 760 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 320 380 430 490 560 630 710 800 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 310 370 430 490 560 640 730 820 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.

75 mm BMT 7.5 300 300 300 310 370 440 510 590 670 770 880 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 330 390 470 550 650 750 870 1000 - 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Interior Spans 150 mm slab Span Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 220 220 220 220 220 240 270 300 340 370 410 440 490 530 580 630 680 740 10 20 220 220 220 220 250 290 320 360 400 440 490 530 580 640 700 760 10 20 220 220 230 260 290 330 370 420 470 520 570 630 690 750 820 10 20 220 220 260 290 330 380 430 480 530 590 660 720 790 870 10 30 220 250 290 330 370 430 480 540 600 670 750 820 900 10 30 0.75 mm BMT 7.Interior Spans130mm slab Span Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 330 370 420 460 510 570 630 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 310 360 400 460 510 570 630 700 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 300 320 370 420 480 540 610 680 760 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 320 380 430 490 560 630 710 800 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 310 370 430 490 560 640 730 820 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.5 240 260 310 360 410 480 540 620 690 780 870 980 20 2 10 Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 240 240 240 240 240 270 310 340 380 430 480 530 580 630 690 760 10 20 240 240 240 240 280 310 360 400 450 500 560 620 690 750 820 10 20 240 240 240 270 310 360 410 460 520 580 650 720 790 870 10 30 240 240 270 310 350 400 460 520 590 660 730 820 910 10 30 10 270 320 380 450 520 600 680 780 880 1000 - Interior Spans175 mm slab Span (mm) 2800 3000 230 230 230 230 240 270 300 330 360 390 430 460 500 540 590 640 680 - 0.75 mm BMT 7.5 250 290 330 380 440 500 560 640 710 790 880 970 10 20 30 300 350 410 480 550 620 710 800 900 1010 1130 - 10 - 140 mm slab Interior Spans Span (mm) 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 240 240 240 240 240 240 260 290 320 360 390 440 480 520 570 620 670 - 0.5 290 330 370 420 470 530 590 660 720 800 880 960 1050 10 20 30 50 350 400 460 520 590 660 740 820 900 1000 1100 1210 - 2 10 Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 230 230 230 250 280 320 350 390 420 460 500 550 600 650 700 760 820 10 20 30 230 230 260 290 330 360 400 440 480 530 580 640 690 750 820 880 950 10 20 30 50 230 260 290 330 370 410 450 500 550 610 660 730 790 860 940 1010 10 30 40 50 250 290 320 370 410 460 510 560 620 680 750 820 890 970 1060 10 30 40 50 10 20 30 50 60 3200 - 3400 - 3600 - 3800 - 4000 - 4200 - 4400 4600 30 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 28 29 .75 mm BMT 7.

5 380 420 470 510 560 610 660 720 780 840 900 970 10 20 30 40 460 510 560 620 670 730 800 870 950 1020 - 2 - Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 260 260 260 260 290 320 350 380 420 450 490 530 580 620 670 720 10 260 260 260 290 330 360 400 430 470 520 560 610 660 720 770 830 10 20 30 260 260 290 330 370 410 440 490 530 580 630 690 750 810 880 940 10 20 30 40 260 290 330 360 410 450 490 540 590 650 710 770 840 910 980 1060 10 20 30 40 50 10 10 20 40 50 60 80 2 330 330 330 330 330 340 370 400 430 460 490 530 - Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 330 330 330 330 360 390 420 460 490 530 570 610 330 330 340 370 400 440 480 510 550 600 640 680 330 340 370 410 450 490 530 570 620 660 710 760 10 340 370 410 450 490 540 580 630 680 730 790 850 10 20 10 10 30 40 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 Interior Spans225 mm slab Span (mm) 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 300 300 300 300 300 300 330 360 390 420 460 490 530 560 - 2 - Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 300 300 300 300 320 350 380 420 450 490 530 570 610 650 300 300 300 330 360 400 430 470 510 550 600 640 690 740 10 300 300 330 370 400 440 480 530 570 620 670 730 780 840 10 20 300 330 370 410 450 490 540 580 630 690 750 810 870 930 10 20 30 0.5 290 330 370 420 460 520 570 630 690 750 820 900 980 1060 1150 10 20 30 50 60 350 400 450 510 570 630 700 770 850 930 1020 1120 1220 1320 - 250 mm slab Interior Spans Span (mm) 0.75 mm BMT 7.75 mm BMT 7.5 340 380 420 460 510 560 610 670 730 790 860 930 1010 1080 10 20 30 40 50 410 450 510 560 620 680 750 820 890 970 1060 1150 1240 - 10 10 20 30 40 50 70 30 31 .75 mm BMT 7.Interior Spans200mm slab Span (mm) 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 260 260 260 260 260 270 300 330 360 390 420 460 490 530 570 610 - 0.

0 mm BMT 7.0 mm Interior Spans110 mm slab Span Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 370 410 460 520 580 640 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 330 330 350 400 450 510 580 640 720 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 330 360 420 480 540 610 690 780 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 330 360 420 490 560 640 720 820 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 330 330 330 330 350 410 480 560 640 740 840 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.INTERIOR SPAN DESIGN TABLES 1.0 mm BMT 7.5 240 260 310 360 420 480 540 620 700 780 880 980 1090 20 40 10 270 330 380 450 520 600 690 780 890 1000 1130 - 10 300 300 330 400 470 550 650 750 870 1000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3400 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 32 33 .5 300 300 300 310 370 440 510 590 670 770 880 1000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Interior Spans140 mm slab Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 240 240 240 240 240 240 260 290 320 360 400 440 480 530 580 630 690 750 10 240 240 240 240 240 270 310 340 380 430 480 530 580 640 700 770 840 10 20 240 240 240 240 280 310 360 400 450 500 560 620 690 760 830 910 10 30 240 240 240 270 320 360 410 460 520 580 650 720 800 880 970 10 30 240 240 270 310 350 410 460 520 590 660 740 820 910 1010 10 30 1.0 mm BMT 7.5 330 330 330 350 420 490 580 670 780 900 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Interior Spans130 mm slab Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2000 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 310 340 380 430 470 520 570 630 690 270 270 270 270 270 270 290 330 370 420 470 520 570 640 700 770 10 270 270 270 270 270 300 340 390 440 490 550 610 680 760 840 10 270 270 270 270 300 340 390 450 500 570 640 710 790 880 10 270 270 270 290 330 390 440 510 570 650 730 820 910 10 1.0 mm BMT 7.5 270 270 290 340 390 460 520 600 680 770 870 980 20 10 270 300 360 420 490 580 660 760 870 1000 1130 80 10 330 330 370 450 540 630 750 880 1030 N/A N/A N/A 2200 2400 2600 2800 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 Interior Spans120 mm slab Span Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 330 370 420 460 520 570 630 690 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 320 360 410 460 510 570 640 710 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 300 330 370 430 480 540 610 680 760 850 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 300 320 380 430 490 560 630 710 800 900 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 300 300 300 300 320 370 430 490 560 640 730 820 930 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.

5 250 290 330 380 440 500 570 640 710 800 890 980 1090 10 20 40 2 10 20 Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) 3 4 5 6 220 220 220 220 260 290 320 360 400 440 490 540 590 650 710 770 840 10 20 220 220 230 260 300 330 370 420 470 520 570 630 700 760 830 910 10 20 220 220 260 290 340 380 430 480 540 600 660 730 800 880 970 10 30 220 250 290 330 380 430 480 540 610 670 750 830 910 1010 10 30 10 300 350 410 480 550 630 710 800 900 1010 1130 1260 - Interior Spans 200 mm slab Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 260 260 260 260 260 270 300 330 360 390 430 460 490 530 570 620 260 260 260 260 290 320 350 380 420 460 500 540 580 620 670 720 260 260 260 290 330 360 400 440 480 520 570 620 660 720 770 830 10 260 260 290 330 370 410 450 490 540 590 640 700 750 810 880 950 10 30 260 290 330 360 410 450 500 540 600 660 720 780 840 910 980 1060 20 30 40 1.5 340 380 420 470 510 560 620 670 740 790 860 930 1010 1090 20 30 40 10 410 460 510 560 620 680 750 820 900 970 1060 1150 1240 1340 20 30 40 50 70 10 350 400 460 520 590 660 740 820 910 1010 1110 1220 1350 20 30 50 60 34 35 .5 290 330 370 420 470 530 590 660 730 800 880 970 1060 1160 10 20 30 50 225 mm slab Interior Spans Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 300 300 300 300 300 310 340 370 400 430 460 490 530 570 300 300 300 300 320 350 390 420 460 490 530 570 610 660 300 300 300 330 370 400 440 480 520 560 600 650 700 750 300 300 330 370 410 450 490 530 580 620 670 730 780 840 10 300 330 370 410 450 490 540 590 640 690 750 810 870 940 10 20 1.0 mm BMT 7.0 mm BMT 7.0 mm BMT 7.0 mm BMT 7.5 290 330 370 420 470 520 570 630 690 760 830 910 980 1060 1150 1240 10 20 30 50 60 10 350 400 450 510 570 630 700 780 850 940 1030 1120 1220 1330 1440 10 20 40 50 60 80 Interior Spans 175 mm slab Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 230 230 230 230 240 270 300 330 360 400 430 470 510 550 600 640 690 230 230 230 250 280 320 350 390 430 470 510 560 610 660 710 760 820 20 230 230 260 290 330 360 400 440 490 540 590 640 700 760 830 890 960 10 20 30 230 260 290 330 370 410 450 500 560 610 670 730 800 870 950 1020 1100 10 30 40 50 250 290 320 370 410 460 510 570 620 690 760 830 900 980 1070 1150 10 30 40 50 1.Interior Spans 150 mm slab Span (mm) 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 220 220 220 220 220 240 270 300 340 370 410 450 490 540 590 640 690 750 800 - 1.

0 BMT FORMWORK TABLES 10 460 510 560 620 680 740 800 870 950 1020 1110 1190 10 20 40 50 No prop s Slab thickness (mm) Single Span (mm) Continuous Span (mm 110 2730 3240 120 2670 3170 130 2610 3100 140 2550 3030 1 prop Slab thickness (mm) Single Span (mm) Continuous Span (mm 110 3400 4600 120 3600 5000 130 3800 5200 140 4000 5600 2 prop s Slab thickness (mm) Single Span (mm) Continuous Span (mm 110 3400 4600 120 3600 5000 130 3800 5200 140 4000 5600 150 4400 6000 175 4800 6000 200 5400 6000 225 5800 6000 250 6000 6000 150 4400 5930 175 4800 5620 200 5350 5350 225 5120 5120 250 4920 4920 150 2500 2960 175 2390 2810 200 2290 2670 225 2210 2560 250 2140 2460 Formwork Span 0. Single span formwork is limited to maximum spans as given in tables. 36 37 .75BMT No prop s Slab thickness (mm) Single Span (mm) Continuous Span (mm) 110 2300 2530 120 2240 2460 130 2180 2400 140 2130 2340 1 prop Slab thickness (mm) Single Span (mm) Continuous Span (mm) 110 3400 4400 120 3600 4800 130 3800 4800 140 4000 4690 2 prop s Slab thickness (mm) Single Span (mm) Continuous Span (mm) 110 3400 4400 120 3600 4800 130 3800 5200 140 4000 5400 150 4200 5800 175 4800 6000 200 5200 6000 225 5600 5960 250 5740 5740 150 4200 4580 175 4350 4350 200 4150 4150 225 3970 3970 250 3820 3820 150 2080 2290 175 1980 2170 200 1890 2070 225 1810 1980 250 1740 1910 Continuous maximum spans are limited as given in concrete slabs tables for interior spans and total 6000mm limit.5 390 430 470 520 560 610 660 720 780 840 910 980 10 20 3.0 mm BMT 7.Interior Spans250 mm slab Characteristi c Impose d Load Qk (kPa) Span (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5400 5600 5800 6000 330 330 330 330 330 340 370 400 430 460 500 530 330 330 330 330 360 390 420 460 490 530 570 610 330 330 340 370 410 440 480 520 560 600 640 690 330 340 380 410 450 490 530 570 620 660 710 770 340 380 410 450 500 540 580 630 680 730 790 850 10 1.5 Formwork Span 1.

BONDEK® II metal thickness and spans. The bearers must be continuous across the full width of BONDEK® II formwork. Props must stay in place during the laying of BONDEK® II formwork. as well as personal protection of eyes and skin from sunburn. Slab depth Bondek ®II Bearing of Bondek ® II (Not less than 50 mm at end of sheets) Props where required Bearing of Bondek ® II (Not less than 100 mm where sheeting is continuous) Props where required Figure 4. Propping must be adequate to support construction loads and the mass of wet concrete. 4. Where the underside of BONDEK® II formwork is featured as a finished ceiling. through an arc (see Figure 4. Safety includes the practices you use. wear clean dry gloves. II is capable of withstanding temporary construction loads including the mass of workmen. Where jointing material is required the sheets may be butted against the jointing material.2). and hearing from noise. Some Lysaght centres. on a slight slope to allow drainage of water. offer a new sheet at an angle to one previously laid.1 Typical layout Slab span (Interior span) Slab span End span) 38 39 .8. so large areas can be quickly and easily covered to form a safe working platform during construction.4 4. If not required for immediate use stack sheets or bundles neatly and clear of the ground. and to protect the surface finish of BONDEK® II. lay adjacent sheets loosely in place. may supply BONDEK® II with knurling on the upper face of the flutes. Interlock sheets by lowering sheet through an arc. Occupational health and safety laws enforce safe working conditions in most locations.2. Centralise the joint at the slab supports. Propping generally consists of substantial timber or steel bearers supported by vertical props. Always carry tools. Interlock sheets by applying pressure to either position.2 • • LAYING BONDEK® II must be laid with the sheeting ribs aligned in the direction of the designed spans. If left in the open. In the first method. If sheets don’t interlock neatly (perhaps due to some damage or distortion from site handling or construction practices) use screws to pull the laps together tightly (see Section 4. For the supports to carry the wet concrete and construction loads. protecting yourself and workmates from accidents on the site. We recommend that you adhere strictly to all laws that apply to your State. Either of two methods can be used in most situations. Don’t slide sheets over rough surfaces or over each other. In exposed applications. For personal safety.2. Local laws may require you to have fall protection which includes safety mesh.2. Other details include the following: • The slab supports must be prepared for bearing and slip joints as required. and until the concrete has reached the strength of 20 MPa. equipment and materials as specified in Section 2. Form-ply strips of 300 mm width have been used successfully. treat the end and edges of the BONDEK® II sheets with a suitable edge treatment to prevent entry of moisture. personal harnesses and perimeter guardrails where they are appropriate. don’t drag them. One level of formwork gives immediate protection from the weather. Lay BONDEK® II sheets continuously over each slab span without any intermediate splicing or jointing. or a light kick. • 4.8 of this manual. depending on the span of a BONDEK® II slab.2 INSTALLATION II is delivered in strapped bundles. Support BONDEK® II sheets across their full width at the slab support lines and at the propping support lines. and safety to people working on the floor below. temporary propping may be needed between the slab supports to prevent excessive deflections or collapse of the formwork. and 100 mm for intermediate supports over which the sheeting is continuous. 4. It is commonsense to work safely. which provides even more safety against slippage. BONDEK® Method 1 Position BONDEK¤ II sheet parallel with previously-laid sheet. it is good construction practice to ensure protection from concentrated loads. BONDEK® II is available in long lengths.2 Two methods of interlocking adjacent BONDEK® II sheets Figure 4. by use of some means such as planks and/or boards. to the female lap rib (Figure 4.3 INTERLOCKING THE SHEETS Overlapping ribs of BONDEK® II sheeting are interlocked. though variations may also work. and then simply lower it down.1 PROPPING It is a common practice to specify unpropped BONDEK® II formwork. The width of the form-ply strips depends upon the slab depth. the minimum bearing is 50 mm for ends of BONDEK® II sheets. BONDEK® • • Cover Concrete slab Cover Method 2 Position BONDEK¤ II sheet at an angle. wide form-ply strips attached to the bearers will minimise marking.1 CONSTRUCTION SAFETY BONDEK® 4. The minimal propping requirements provide a relatively open area to the floor below. Fastening side-lap joints). However.2.2). however. the placement of the concrete. Place the female lap rib overlapping the male lap rib of the previous sheet and apply foot pressure. In the second method. Lay BONDEK® II sheets end to end. protect with waterproof covers. such as barrows. The number of props you need for given spans is shown in our tables. The bold embossments along the top of the ribs of BONDEK® II enhance safety by reducing the likelihood of workers slipping. II formwork is normally placed directly on prepared propping.

securing methods other than welding may be more appropriate. overspray. Some relevant welding requirements are: • Mating surfaces of steel beam and sheeting to be cleaned of scale. pre-drill and use 12-24 x 16 mm hexagon head screws or equivalent.3). Drive nails should be powder-activated. • At each intermediate slab support over which the sheeting is continuous: use a fixing at the ribs on both edges (Figure 4. 4.2. paint.4 SECURING THE PLATFORM Once laid. Lay the top courses of bricks with the frogs facing down. • Spot welds should be 12 mm minimum diameter. synthetic carrier impregnated with a neutral synthetic or petroleum-based material.6 INSTALLING BONDEK® II ON BRICK SUPPORTS Brick walls are usually considered to be brittle and liable to crack from imposed horizontal loads.4 Typical movement and slip joints Fixing at end of sheets Fixing at intermediate slab supports over which the sheeting is continuous Figure 4. rust. creep effects and flexural deflection of concrete slabs may be sufficient to cause such cracking. a slip joint is provided between BONDEK® II and masonry supports (Figure 4. and For sheets transverse to beams. Slip joints Generally. or equivalent) shall be provided at end support. although this is not always the case in earthquake construction. Take suitable safety precautions against fumes during welding zinc coated products. the materials are a non-rotting. • The width of a slip joint should not extend beyond the face of the slab support. steel nails 4 mm nominal diameter.4). however it must not run or solidify. BONDEK® II shall be fixed to supporting structure at end supports with screws or nails or equivalent. Fix BONDEK® II with drive nails. moisture. suitable for structural steel of 4 mm thickness or greater. • The top course of masonry should be level. • Slip joint material may be placed directly in contact with the cleaned surface of steelwork. nails. BONDEK® II and reinforcement are not continuous through the movement joint Concrete 4. Fastening composite beams Stud welding through the sheet has been considered a suitable securing method for the sheeting in a composite beam. BONDEK® II slabs are not usually installed directly on brick supports.5 INSTALLING BONDEK® II ON STEEL FRAMES BONDEK® II may be installed directly on erected structural steelwork. • At the end of sheets: use a fixing at every rib (Figure 4. However at least one fastener per pan shall be provided at end supports. • screws or nails into the propping bearers • BONWEDGE and BON-NUT Suspension system pulling down from underneath. special welding procedures may be necessary. Place the fixings (fasteners and spot welds) in the flat areas of the pans adjacent to the ribs or between the flutes. Where additional security is needed you can use: • weights. Take care if you use penetrating fasteners (such as screws and nails) because they can make removal of the props difficult. Thermal expansion and contraction. The frequency of fixings depends on wind or seismic conditions and good building practice. One fixing system is as follows. sand.3). use 12-24 x 38 mm self-drilling hexagon head screws or equivalent. Jointing material ® BONDEK II Minimum cover 20 mm Slip joint Concrete ® BONDEK II Slip joint Slip joint Figure 4.2. • For structural steel over 12 mm thick. or finished with a levelled bed of mortar to provide an even bearing surface. Slip joint material must allow movement to occur. • The slip joint material must have adequate compressive strength to avoid it being compressed into irregularities of the mating surfaces and thus becoming a rigid joint. however some preliminary fixing by one of the methods mentioned above is necessary to secure the sheeting prior to the stud welding. • Welding must be done in dry conditions by a certified welder. • • • • For pre-painted BONDEK® II sheets.4. self-drilling screws or spot welds. • At least one fastener per pan (screws. or fasteners such as drive nails or self-drilling screws. General fastening of BONDEK® II The sheeting shall be fixed to the structural steel using spot welds. BONDEK® II provides a stable working platform.3 Positions for fixing framing 40 BONDEK® II to steel 41 . • For structural steel up to 12 mm thick. Generically. Stud welding must be between pan flutes to ensure there is no gap between mating surfaces. To prevent the cracking. long-term shrinkage. usually by allowing flow under pressure or temperature.2. primer. Surfaces to be welded must be free of loose material and foreign matter. and perhaps result in damage to the BONDEK® II. Where the BONDEK® II soffit or the structural steelwork has a pre-painted surface. mud or other contamination that would prevent direct contact between the parent material and the BONDEK® II.

• The width of a slip joint should not extend beyond the face of the slab support. steel nails 4 mm nominal diameter. Generically. • The slip joint material must have adequate compressive strength to avoid it being compressed into irregularities of the mating surfaces and thus becoming a rigid joint. Some relevant welding requirements are: • Mating surfaces of steel beam and sheeting to be cleaned of scale. • The top course of masonry should be level. special welding procedures may be necessary. however some preliminary fixing by one of the methods mentioned above is necessary to secure the sheeting prior to the stud welding.6 INSTALLING BONDEK® II ON BRICK SUPPORTS Brick walls are usually considered to be brittle and liable to crack from imposed horizontal loads. However at least one fastener per pan shall be provided at end supports. Thermal expansion and contraction. BONDEK® II and reinforcement are not continuous through the movement joint Concrete 4. Where additional security is needed you can use: • weights. mud or other contamination that would prevent direct contact between the parent material and the BONDEK® II.2. Take suitable safety precautions against fumes during welding zinc coated products. suitable for structural steel of 4 mm thickness or greater. pre-drill and use 12-24 x 16 mm hexagon head screws or equivalent. paint. BONDEK® II provides a stable working platform. The frequency of fixings depends on wind or seismic conditions and good building practice. moisture. however it must not run or solidify. or fasteners such as drive nails or self-drilling screws. Fix BONDEK® II with drive nails.3). • At each intermediate slab support over which the sheeting is continuous: use a fixing at the ribs on both edges (Figure 4. usually by allowing flow under pressure or temperature.5 INSTALLING BONDEK® II ON STEEL FRAMES BONDEK® II may be installed directly on erected structural steelwork. BONDEK® II shall be fixed to supporting structure at end supports with screws or nails or equivalent. • Welding must be done in dry conditions by a certified welder. synthetic carrier impregnated with a neutral synthetic or petroleum-based material. although this is not always the case in earthquake construction. • Slip joint material may be placed directly in contact with the cleaned surface of steelwork. and perhaps result in damage to the BONDEK® II.2. Drive nails should be powder-activated.3). overspray. or equivalent) shall be provided at end support. Lay the top courses of bricks with the frogs facing down. Jointing material ® BONDEK II Minimum cover 20 mm Slip joint Concrete ® BONDEK II Slip joint Slip joint Figure 4. General fastening of BONDEK® II The sheeting shall be fixed to the structural steel using spot welds. Where the BONDEK® II soffit or the structural steelwork has a pre-painted surface. use 12-24 x 38 mm self-drilling hexagon head screws or equivalent. • • • • For pre-painted BONDEK® II sheets. 4. long-term shrinkage. • For structural steel up to 12 mm thick. • Spot welds should be 12 mm minimum diameter. Slip joints Generally. Slip joint material must allow movement to occur.4 Typical movement and slip joints Fixing at end of sheets Fixing at intermediate slab supports over which the sheeting is continuous Figure 4. • At the end of sheets: use a fixing at every rib (Figure 4. or finished with a levelled bed of mortar to provide an even bearing surface. • At least one fastener per pan (screws. a slip joint is provided between BONDEK® II and masonry supports (Figure 4. nails. rust.4). primer. • For structural steel over 12 mm thick. the materials are a non-rotting. Place the fixings (fasteners and spot welds) in the flat areas of the pans adjacent to the ribs or between the flutes.3 Positions for fixing framing 40 BONDEK® II to steel 41 . One fixing system is as follows.4 SECURING THE PLATFORM Once laid. • screws or nails into the propping bearers • BONWEDGE and BON-NUT Suspension system pulling down from underneath. self-drilling screws or spot welds. Fastening composite beams Stud welding through the sheet has been considered a suitable securing method for the sheeting in a composite beam. and For sheets transverse to beams. securing methods other than welding may be more appropriate. Stud welding must be between pan flutes to ensure there is no gap between mating surfaces.4. sand. To prevent the cracking. creep effects and flexural deflection of concrete slabs may be sufficient to cause such cracking. BONDEK® II slabs are not usually installed directly on brick supports.2. Surfaces to be welded must be free of loose material and foreign matter. Take care if you use penetrating fasteners (such as screws and nails) because they can make removal of the props difficult.

4).7. overlapping bottom flanges.9 CUTTING AND FITTING EDGE FORM EDGE FORM is a simple C-shaped section that simplifies the installation of most BONDEK® II slabs. (Figure 4. Fasten top flange.6 Typical fastening of EDGE FORM to BONDEK® II 42 43 . Cut slight taper on web. Construction joints are included between slabs for the convenience of construction.2. and fasten webs with at least 2 screws Figure 4. 1. and to gain a good visual quality for exposed soffits (Figure 4.8 FASTENING SIDE LAP JOINTS If BONDEK® II sheeting has been distorted in transport. The BONDEK® II sheeting and any slab reinforcement are not continuous through a joint. Sizeable gap between BONDEK® II sheets Fastening top flange of Edge Form Edge Form Hoop iron BONDEK ®II Edge Form Hoop iron Where necessary.2. Fasten EDGE FORM to the underside of unsupported BONDEK® II panels every 300 mm.5 Fixing at a side-lap Figure 4. We make it to suit any slab thickness.2. Cut-back top and bottom flanges of one Edge Form section approximately 200 mm. Internal corner 2. It is easily fastened to the BONDEK® II sheeting. 10–24 x 16mm hex. midway between embossments. The top flange of EDGE FORM must be tied to the ribs every 600 mm with hoop iron 25 mm x 1. insert Bonfill into ribs to support tape Figure 4. Notch top flange for the required angle 2.4.10 SEALING Seepage of water or fine concrete slurry can be minimised by following common construction practices. Bend corner of Edge Form to the required angle. every 600 mm maximum.2.8 Use waterproof tape to seal joints in Waterproof tape over end of rib BONDEK® II sheets Tie top flange of Edge Form. 2. If there is a sizeable gap you may have to support the waterproof tape. each side of corner. The joints may be transverse to.15). Cut top and bottom flanges square. Movement joints allow relative movement between adjoining slabs. Design engineers generally detail the location and spacing of joints because joints effect the design of a slab. neatly retaining Splicing two pieces the concrete and providing a smooth top edge for quick and accurate screeding. Cut 'V' in bottom flange 3. Bend Edge Form to required angle. or parallel with. There are various methods of forming corners and splices. External corner 1.7 and 4. head self-drilling screw. storage or erection. with hoop iron. Figure 4. 3. Generally gaps are sealed with waterproof tape or by sandwiching contraction joint material between the abutting ends of BONDEK® II sheet. EDGE FORM is easily spliced and bent to form internal and external corners of any angle and must be fitted and fully fastened as the sheets are installed. ® to BONDEK II ribs.6 and 4.7 CONSTRUCTION AND MOVEMENT JOINTS Joints used between BONDEK® II slabs generally follow accepted construction practices. and BONFILL may be found useful (Figure 4. 1.0 mm (Figures 4.8). 3. Waterproof tape over gap Fastening bottom flange of Edge Form ® BONDEK II Edge Form Fastening positions Fasten Edge Form to the underside of unsupported BONDEK ® II at 300 mm maximum centres. Use 10–16 x 16 mm selfdrilling screws. 4. Slide inside adjoining Edge Form. 4. sidelap joints may need fastening to maintain a stable platform during construction. Some of these methods are shown in Figures 4.7 Fabrication of formwork is easy with EDGE FORM 4. ® to BONDEK II rib 100 mm maximum from corner. to minimise concrete seepage during pouring. Movement joints need a slip joint under the BONDEK® II sheeting.5). the span of the BONDEK® II slab.

cut through the pans and part-through the ribs. inserts. In most applications the transverse reinforcement is for the control of cracks caused by shrinkage and temperature effects.2. 44 45 .9 Zones for location of items embedded in slabs ® BONDEK II Zones for pipes and other items laid parallel with the ribs 4.1 Ln Zone for holes in continuous slabs Minimum 0. sleeves.2. to accommodate pipes and ducts. transverse reinforcement in the top-face may be required over walls or beams which run in the same direction as the BONDEK® II sheets. Depending upon the type of chair and its loading. Consequently. diameter 150 mm Minimum 0. Location of items within the slab (Figure 4.1 TRANSVERSE REINFORCEMENT Figure 4. reinforcement for control of cracking due to shrinkage and temperature is usually fabric reinforcement. Reinforcement is generally described as transverse and longitudinal in relation to span. Concrete Deformed bar reinforcement Concrete cover Reinforcement depth Top-face reinforcement Bottom-face reinforcement Zone for holes through BONDEK ®II sheet in central pan Max. with a maximum diameter of 150 mm.13 4. For ease of construction.3. with a minimum edge distance of 15 mm from the rib gap. • Holes should be round. particularly where the soffit will be exposed.1 Ln BONDEK II ® Longitudinal reinforcement (parallel with ribs) Transverse reinforcement (90° to ribs) 15 mm minimum Location of holes in sheet BONDEK ®II Figure 4. Where fabric is used in thin slabs. Initially lay the sheet with its ribs down. Fixing of reinforcement shall be in accordance with BS-8110: Part 1. and tied to prevent displacement during construction. To ensure the specified minimum concrete cover.11 ITEMS EMBEDDED IN SLABS Included are pipes and conduits. then turn the over and finish by cutting the tops of the ribs. CUTTING It is easy to cut BONDEK® II sheets to fit.11 shows a typical cross-section of a BONDEK® II composite slab and associated terms. Reinforcement in slabs carries and distributes the design loads and to control cracking. Reinforcement must be properly positioned. it may be necessary to use plates under chairs to protect the BONDEK® II.10): • Place holes in the central pan of any sheet.2.9) Minimise the quantity and size of holes through BONDEK® II sheeting. to be sure that the sheeting is installed in accordance with this publication and good building practice. holding-down bolts. the uppermost layer of reinforcement must be positioned and tied to prevent displacement during construction. Always place chairs and spacers on pan areas. Some guidelines for holes are (Figure 4. Top-face reinforcement Bottom-face reinforcement Zone for pipes laid across the ribs (between top and bottom reinforcement) REINFORCEMENT sheeting acts as longitudinal tensile reinforcement.10 Zones for location of holes through BONDEK® II Location of holes relative to supports in continuous slabs Transverse reinforcement is placed at right-angles to the ribs of BONDEK® II.3 Concrete INSPECTION We recommend regular qualified inspection during the installation. or where fabric is used to act as both longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. The condition of sheeting should be inspected before concrete is poured.11 Typical cross-section of a slab showing common terms Interior supports Ln 4. by hanging services from the underside of BONDEK® II using accessories such as BON-NUT. lapped where necessary to ensure continuity. • For slabs designed as a continuous slab: space holes from an interior support of the slab no more than one tenth of a clear span. BONWEDGE and CEILING suspension nut. Transverse reinforcement may be used for spacing or supporting longitudinal reinforcement. chairs and other supports. 4. Deformed bar or fabric reinforcement may be used.12 HOLES BONDEK® Depth of composite slab II acts as longitudinal tensile reinforcement similarly to conventional bar or fabric reinforcement does in concrete slabs.14 4. but other reinforcement required for trimming may be positioned in other orientations. reduce the effective area of the steel sheeting and can adversely effect the performance of a slab. plastic strips for plasterboard attachment. and for locating longitudinal reinforcement To control flexural cracking in the top face of the slab.4. contraction joint material and many more. pay particular attention the required minimum concrete cover and the required design reinforcement depth at the splices—splice bars are a prudent addition. BONDEK® II Figure 4. Figure 4. holes in BONDEK® II sheets. Use a power saw fitted with an abrasive disc or metal cutting blade.2.

Deformed bar or fabric reinforcement may be used. Where unplanned construction joints are made. (Figure 2.4 4. Location of bottom-face longitudinal reinforcement in elevated temperatures requires special design.5 PLACING The requirements for the handling and placing of the concrete are covered in BS8110: Part 1: 1997. Locate longitudinal construction joints in the pan (Figure 4.2 4. Remove ponded rainwater. fittings and reentrant corners. the addition of water stops may be required. the construction joint must be prepared to receive the new concrete.3. When concrete is transported by wheel barrows. Ensure that the reinforcement remains correctly positioned so that the specified minimum concrete cover is achieved. CONSTRUCTION JOINTS It is accepted building practice to provide construction joints where a concrete pour is to be stopped.4. Bottom-face longitudinal reinforcement may be placed on top of or below transverse reinforcement. A pour may be terminated at the end of a day’s work. Section 6. a construction joint may be required.4 CONCRETE SPECIFICATION The concrete is to have the compressive strength as specified in the project documentation and the materials for the concrete and the concrete manufacture should conform to BS8110: Part 1: 1997. In certain applications. cover to reinforcement. such as in roof and balcony slabs where protection from corrosion of reinforcement and sheeting is necessary. and the preparation method will depend upon the age and condition of the old concrete. Prior to recommencement of concreting.4. Form construction joints with a vertical face—the easiest technique is to sandwich a continuous reinforcement between two boards. and into corners of the EDGE FORMS by using a vibrating compactor.4. Chemical admixtures including plasticisers may be used if they comply with BS8110. falls or other surface detailing. the use of planks or boards is recommended. During pouring.4. remove any accumulated debris. Longitudinal construction joint ® BONDEK II CONCRETE ADDITIVES Admixtures or concrete materials containing calcium chloride or other chloride salts must not be used. Transverse construction joint Form boards sandwiching continuous reinforcement. to reduce subsequent work. Deformed bar or fabric reinforcement may be used. the concrete should be thoroughly compacted.2. preferably over two or more spans. If the pouring has to be discontinued for any more than approximately one hour. Trimmers are sometimes laid at angles other than along or across the span. 46 47 . PREPARATION Before concrete is placed. to roughen the surface and to expose the course aggregate.4. depending upon the detailing over the interior supports. Bottom-face longitudinal reinforcement is located between supports of the slab but. The concrete is placed between construction joints in a continuous operation so that new concrete is placed against plastic concrete to produce a monolithic mass.2 LONGITUDINAL REINFORCEMENT Longitudinal reinforcement is positioned to carry design loads in the same direction as the ribs of BONDEK® II. thorough cleaning is required to remove loose material.12 Typical construction joint 4. it may be continuous. Lower board shaped to match BONDEK®II profile Concrete ® BONDEK II Prop 4. because of bad weather or equipment failure. 4. worked around ribs and reinforcement.4. Construction joints transverse to the span of the BONDEK® II sheeting are normally located where shear forces are a minimum (such as the mid-third of a slab span) and ideally over a line of propping.3 TRIMMERS Trimmers are used to distribute the design loads to the structural portion of the slab and/or to control cracking of the concrete at penetrations. such as EDGE FORMS and exposed soffits. depending on the temperature. the design engineer must approve the position. Concrete Figure 4. Section 6. should be cleaned of concrete spills while still wet.3 4. and generally located between the top and bottom layers of transverse and longitudinal reinforcement. lapped. Generally. Unformed concrete surfaces are screeded and finished to achieve the specified surface texture.12).3. Surfaces which will be exposed. Top-face longitudinal reinforcement is usually located over interior supports of the slab and extends into approximately a third of the adjoining spans.6) Form boards sandwiching continuous reinforcement.1 4. It is good practice to avoid excessive heaping of concrete and heavy load concentrations. Such discontinuity may occur as a result of a planned or unplanned termination of a pour. or discontinuous. Trimmers are generally fixed with ties from the top and bottom layers of reinforcement. Start pouring close to one end and spread concrete uniformly. depths. grease or any other substance to ensure a clean bond with the BONDEK® II sheeting.

Threaded rods or wire hangers are then used to support the ceiling. 4. the concrete is cured by conventional methods. piping and ducting are easily suspended from BONDEK® II slabs using BON-NUT suspension nuts. or BONWEDGE suspension brackets.7. and will provide a satisfactory ceiling—for example. They can also be coloured to suit interior design requirements. 4. Fixing to battens 4.5. Where the BONDEK® II soffit is to be the ceiling. Alternatively. in car parks.6 4. by keeping the slab moist for at least seven days. industrial floors and the like. hangers may be attached to eyelet pins powder-driven into the underside of the slab.1 FINISHING SOFFIT AND EDGE FORM FINISHES For many applications. Ceiling Suspension Nuts or BONWEDGE suspension brackets are suitable for services other than fire sprinkler systems—threaded rods being used to support the services. Methods of calculating times and other guides are given in AS 3610—1995. Clause 5.13 uniform surface at the side-laps (refer to Installation—Fastening Side-lap BONSTRIP makes an attractive joints).6. 4. for example. Concrete 4.3 Steel ceiling battens can be fixed directly to the underside of the slab using powder-actuated fasteners. take care during construction to minimise propping marks (refer to Installation—Propping). 4. BONDEK® 4. and to provide a Figure 4.4. With some products it may be necessary to treat the galvanised steel surface with an appropriate bonding agent prior to application. or to pigtail hangers inserted through pilot holes in the BONDEK® II sheeting before concreting (Figure 4. you may need to increase the fire resistance of the BONDEK® II composite slabs. The open ribs of BONDEK® II provide a positive key to keep the fire spray in position.3 SUSPENDED SERVICES Services such as fire sprinkler systems.2 SUSPENDED CEILING Ceilings are easily suspended from BONDEK® II slabs using Ceiling Suspension Nuts. or sprayed on to give a textured surface. Such work is beyond the scope of this manual. Until the concrete has cured. Be particularly careful when curing in very hot or very cold weather.4. Additional finishes take minimal extra effort. BON-NUT suspension nuts.15). EDGE FORM will give a suitable edging.5. Follow good building practice.1 SUSPENDED CEILINGS & SERVICES PLASTERBOARD A BONDEK® II soffit may be covered with plasterboard by fixing to battens. BONDEK® II Batten ® BONDEK II Plaster board Figure 4.14 Fixing platerboard to BONDEK® II ribs.5 4. under-house storage and garages. or there is a change of occupancy and floor use. Plaster-based finishes can be trowelled smooth.5. by covering the surface with sand. BONDEK® II gives an attractive appearance to the underside (or soffit) of a composite slab. cover for the gaps formed by Exposed surfaces of BONDEK® II soffit and EDGE FORM may need cleaning and/or preparation for any following finishes. it is good practice to avoid concentrated loads such as barrows and passageways with heavy traffic. 48 49 . building paper or polythene sheeting immediately after it has been moistened with a fine spray of water.2 PLASTERING Finishes such as vermiculite plaster can be applied directly to the underside of II with the open rib providing a positive key. This may be achieved by the addition of a suitable fireprotection material to the underside of the slabs.4. The plasterboard is then fixed to ceiling battens in the usual way (Figure 4. Similarly.14).6.3 CHANGE OF FLOOR LOADINGS Where a building is being refurbished.4.7 WHEN TO REMOVE PROPS Various factors affect the earliest time when the props may be removed and a slab initially loaded.6 CURING After placement.

Code of practice for special circumstances. Part 8: 1990 structural use of steel work in building Part 8. Code of practice for design and construction.5 8.3 1. BS EN 10 002-1: 1990 Tensile testing of metallic materials Part 1. AS/NZS 4600:1996 Cold-formed steel structures. BS 6399: Part 3: 1988 Loading for buildings Part 3.00 6. Specification for the procedures to be used in sampling. Brackets from hoop iron Edgeform A galvanised section that creates a permanent formwork at the slab edges—cut. Stock length: 6100 mm BS EN 10147:2000 Continuously hot-dip zink coated structural steels strip and sheet – Technical delivery conditions. BS 5950: Part 9: 1994 Structural used of steel work in building part 9. Code of practice for design of light gauge profiled steel sheeting. Code of practice for dead and imposed loads. Method of test at ambient temperature.15 AS 3600-2001 Concrete structures. BS 5950: Part 6:1995 Structural use of steelwork in building Part 6. Used when underside of ® BONDEK II forms an exposed ceiling. 50 51 . Code of practice for fire resistant design. Glued to a paper strip makes insertion easy. BS 8110: Part 1: 1997 Structural use of concrete Part 1. Code of practice for imposed roof loads. BS 5950-5: 1998 Structural use of steelwork in building Part 5. BS 476-20: 1987 Fire tests on building materials and structures Part 20: Method for determination of the fire resistance of elements of construction (general principles). Stock slab depths: 100. Bonwedge Lightweight bracket for rods to suspend ceilings or services (other than fire sprinkler systems).4. load: 270 kg Bon-nut Heavy duty square nut to suspend ceilings or services. Configuration Single Bonwedge Double Bonwedge Double Bonwedge Hole 8 mm dia. Thread: M6 Max. BS 6399: Part 1: 1996 Loading for buildings Part 1.7 REFERENCES BS 5950: Part 4: 1994 Structural use steel work in buildings Part 4. BS 1881: Part 116: 1983 testing concrete Part 116.0 1. BS 476-21: 1987 Fire tests on building materials and structures Part 21: Methods for determination of the fire resistance of load bearing elements of construction.8 ACCESSORIES 5 Safe load (kN) 1. Stock length: 3000 mm Figure 4. Threads: M8. testing and assessing compliance of concrete.5 Ceiling suspension nut Pressed metal threaded bracket to suspend ceilings or services.4 1. BS 5328: Part 4:1990 Concrete Part 4. 150 mm (others to special order). Code of practice for design of cold formed thin gauge sections. Code of practice for stressed skin design. BS 4483:1998 Steel fabric for the reinforcement of concrete. Loading Eccentric Eccentric Central 21. M10 and M12 BONDEK II Safe lo BMT (kN) 0. Bonfill Polystyrene foam stops concrete and air entering ends of ribs. mitred and screwed on site.7 ® BS 4449:1997 Specification for carbon steel bars for the reinforcement of concrete. Code of practice for design of composite slabs with profiled steel sheeting. BS 8110: Part 2: 1985 Structural use of concrete Part 2. Stock length: 1200 mm ® Required: 300 mm per sheet of BONDEK II Bonstrip Plastic trim to cover gaps formed by ribs.75 4. BS 5950. Method for determination of compressive strength of concrete cubes. 125.

China Tel: +8620 8226 8880 Fax: +8620 8226 8022 Copyright© 2003 by BlueScope Steel Limited. Seksyen 16. 13010 Jakarta.com BlueScope Lysaght (Indonesia) PT Jalan Rawaterate I/1. BE 1118.com . Malaysia Tel: +603 5519 2000 Fax: +603 5510 5428 BlueScope Lysaght (Sabah) Sdn Bhd (Formerly known as BHP Steel Lysaght (Sabah) Sdn Bhd) Lorong Kurma. Box 350 MPC. Pathumthani 12130 Thailand Tel: +662 516 8402-4 Fax: +662 516 9827 BlueScope Lysaght (Vietnam) Ltd Bien Hoa Industrial Zone 2. 16 000 011 058 The LYSAGHT® range of products is exclusively made by BlueScope Steel Limited trading as BlueScope Lysaght. Kangqiao Industrial Zone.R.O. Thanyaburi.B. Shah Alam. Sabah. without written permission of BlueScope Steel Limited. Pattiwila Road. stored in a retrieval system. Sri Lanka Tel: +9411 2400 611-9 Fax: +9411 2400 618 BlueScope Lysaght (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (Formerly known as BHP Steel Lysaght (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd) 6 Persiaran Kemajuan. P. Beribi Phase 1.S. Berakas BB 3577. Guangzhou.bluescopesteelasia. B. Shanghai 201315.R. LYSAGHT® and BONDEK® are registered trademarks of BlueScope Steel Limited A. Fushing North Road. Vietnam Tel: +848 823 5791 Fax: +848 823 5790 For information. Taipei. Singapore 629851 Tel: +65 6264 1577 Fax: +65 6265 0951 BlueScope Lysaght (Shanghai) Ltd 855 Kangqiao Road. or transmitted in any form or by any means. No.B. Malaysia Tel: +6088 445 161 Fax: +6088 421 178 BlueScope Lysaght (Singapore) Pte Ltd 18 Benoi Sector. P. 6 Km Jalan Gadong. All rights reserved. Brunei Darussalam P.N. mechanical. 166.China Tel: +8621 5812 0138 Fax: +8621 5812 1363 BlueScope Lysaght (Taiwan) Ltd 4F. brochures and your local distributor call BlueScope Lysaght Asia Offices: BlueScope Lysaght (Brunei) Sdn Bhd Industrial Complex.LYSAGHT® BONDEK® II Contact Information & Technical Support Decking Asia (Regional Office) BlueScope Steel Asia Pte Ltd Asian Building and Manufacturing Markets 9 Temasek Boulevard. recording or otherwise. 40200 Selangor. Eastern Section of GETDD. Taiwan Tel: +8862 2718 8687 Fax: +8862 2718 6736 BlueScope Lysaght (Thailand) Ltd 279/2 Moo 2. No. Jurong Town. Bien Hoa. Soi Thongpoon-U-Tid. Paholyothin Road. Dong Nai. 88450 Kota Kinabalu. Tel: +6732 447 155 Fax: +6732 447 154 BlueScope Lysaght (Guangzhou) Ltd 8 Hong Ming Road. #06-03 Suntec Tower 2 Singapore 038989 Tel: +65 6333 3378 Fax: +65 6333 3347 www.lysaghtdeckingasia. DESIGN FLEXIBILITY DURABILITY/ SECURITY HI-TECH PRODUCTION RECYCLING THERMAL EFFICIENCY www. electronic. Sapugaskanda. 65 6333 3378 Please check the latest information which is always available at our website. 1 Pulogadung Industrial Estate. No part of this brochure may be reproduced. Old Airport. Pudong. Indonesia Tel: +6221 4603 950 Fax: +6221 4603 263 BlueScope Lysaght Lanka (Pvt) Ltd 26 & 27 Sapugaskanda Industrial Estate. Guangdong Province 510760. off Jalan Kolombong. KM 33.

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