Handover Feature Parameter Description

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The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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BSS Handover

Contents

Contents
1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................ 1-1 1.2 Intended Audience ........................................................................................................................ 1-1 1.3 Change History.............................................................................................................................. 1-1

2 Overview .....................................................................................................................................2-1 3 Technical Description ..............................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Measurement Report Processing.................................................................................................. 3-1 3.2 Handover Preprocessing............................................................................................................... 3-2 3.3 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm I..................................................................... 3-5 3.3.1 Quick Handover.................................................................................................................... 3-5 3.3.2 TA Handover ......................................................................................................................... 3-7 3.3.3 BQ Handover........................................................................................................................ 3-8 3.3.4 Rapid Level Drop Handover ................................................................................................. 3-9 3.3.5 Interference Handover.......................................................................................................... 3-9 3.3.6 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report ........................................................ 3-10 3.3.7 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover .......................................................................... 3-11 3.3.8 Load Handover ................................................................................................................... 3-14 3.3.9 Edge Handover................................................................................................................... 3-16 3.3.10 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover .................................................................................... 3-17 3.3.11 Inter-Layer Handover........................................................................................................ 3-18 3.3.12 PBGT Handover ............................................................................................................... 3-19 3.3.13 AMR Handover ................................................................................................................. 3-20 3.3.14 SDCCH Handover ............................................................................................................ 3-20 3.3.15 Other Handovers .............................................................................................................. 3-21 3.4 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm II.................................................................. 3-21 3.4.1 Quick Handover.................................................................................................................. 3-23 3.4.2 TA Handover ....................................................................................................................... 3-24 3.4.3 BQ Handover...................................................................................................................... 3-25 3.4.4 Interference Handover........................................................................................................ 3-26 3.4.5 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report ........................................................ 3-27 3.4.6 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover .......................................................................... 3-28 3.4.7 Load Handover ................................................................................................................... 3-30 3.4.8 Edge Handover................................................................................................................... 3-30 3.4.9 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover ...................................................................................... 3-31 3.4.10 Better Cell Handover ........................................................................................................ 3-33 3.4.11 Handover Between a Full-Rate TCH and a Half-Rate TCH ............................................. 3-34 3.4.12 SDCCH Handover ............................................................................................................ 3-35 3.4.13 Other Handovers .............................................................................................................. 3-36

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i

...........................5-1 6 Glossary ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Ltd...Contents BSS Handover 4 Parameters ................................................7-1 ii Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.......................................4-1 5 Counters ......................................................................................... Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .....6-1 7 Reference Documents ..........................................................................................

BSS Handover

1 Introduction

1 Introduction
1.1 Scope
This document describes the overall procedure of Huawei handover algorithms and the specific handover decisions.

1.2 Intended Audience
It is assumed that users of this document are familiar with GSM basics and have a working knowledge of GSM telecommunication. This document is intended for:
z z

Personnel working on Huawei GSM products or systems System operators who need a general understanding of this feature

1.3 Change History
The change history provides information on the changes in different document versions. There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
z

Feature change Feature change refers to the change in the Handover feature of a specific product version. Editorial change Editorial change refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version.

z

Document Issues
The document issues are as follows:
z z z

03(2010-01-20) 02(2009-09-30) 01(2009-06-30)

03(2010-01-20)
This is the third commercial release of GBSS9.0. Compared with issue 02 (2009-09-30) of GBSS9.0, issue 03(2010-01-20) of GBSS9.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table.

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1-1

1 Introduction

BSS Handover

Change Type Feature change

Change Description A description of 3.3.14 SDCCH Handover (Huawei handover algorithm I) and 3.4.12 SDCCH Handover (Huawei handover algorithm II) is added. The value range of Inter-cell HO Hysteresis in 3.3.9 Edge Handover (Huawei handover algorithm I), 3.4.8 Edge Handover (Huawei handover algorithm II), 3.3.3 BQ Handover (Huawei handover algorithm I), 3.4.3 BQ Handover (Huawei handover algorithm II), and 3.4.5 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report (Huawei handover algorithm II) is changed.

Parameter Change The parameter changed is as follows: Inter-cell HO Hysteresis

Editorial change

The triggering conditions of better cell handover in 3.4.10 Better Cell Handover are changed.

None.

02 (2009-09-30)
This is the second commercial release of GBSS9.0. Compared with issue 01 (2009-06-30) of GBSS9.0, the following changes are incorporated: Change Type Feature change Change Description In 3.3.9 Edge Handover (handover algorithm I) and 3.4.8 Edge Handover (handover algorithm II), the parameters Edge HO Watch 0.5s Time, Edge HO Valid 0.5s Time, Edge HO AdjCell Watch 0.5s Time, and Edge HO AdjCell Valid 0.5s Time are changed. Parameter Change The parameters are changed as follows: Handover algorithm I Edge HO Watch Time Handover algorithm II Edge HO Watch Time Handover algorithm I Edge HO Valid Time Handover algorithm II Edge HO Valid Time Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time

1-2

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue Draft (2010-03-30)

BSS Handover

1 Introduction

Change Type Editorial change

Change Description The structure of the document is optimized.

Parameter Change None.

01 (2009-06-30)
This is the first commercial release of GBSS9.0. Compared with issue 01 (2009-04-30) of GBSS8.1, issue 01 (2009-06-30) of GBSS9.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table. Change Type Feature change Change Description The description of handover direction forecast during the target cell selection is added in 3.3.1 Quick Handover. Parameter Change The parameters added are as follows:
z

Handover Direction Forecast Enable Chain Neighbour Cell Type Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times Handover Direction Forecast Last Times

z z

z

Editorial change

None.

None.

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1-3

.

handover decision. 2-1 . The BSC determines whether to trigger a handover based on the MRs and the actual conditions of the radio network. Figure 2-1 shows the procedure for performing Huawei handover algorithms (including handover algorithm I and handover algorithm II). Figure 2-1 Procedure for performing Huawei handover algorithms Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm I Figure 2-2 shows the procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm I.BSS Handover 2 Overview 2 Overview The GSM network comprises multiple cells with continuous coverage. Huawei handover algorithms apply to the handovers on TCHs as well as the handovers on SDCCHs. You can determine the handover algorithm used in a cell through Current HO Control Algorithm. During a handover. the MS and BTS in service measure the conditions of uplink and downlink radio links respectively. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. MR processing. Huawei handover algorithms (handover algorithm I and handover algorithm II) involve measurement and MR reporting. thus optimizing the network performance. and handover execution. The handover technique is introduced into the GSM system to enable the users who are in motion to continue with the current call without interruption. Ltd. and then send the MRs to the BSC. record the measurement results into measurement reports (MRs)..

. Quick handover is mainly applicable in the railway scenario. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .2 Overview BSS Handover Figure 2-2 Procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm I In handover algorithm I. five types of handover decisions are defined: z Quick handover (including quick Power BudGet Handover (PBGT) handover and frequency offset handover). Ltd. 2-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Good and stable services can be provided when the voice quality deteriorates during the fast movement of an MS.

BSS Handover z 2 Overview Emergency handover. 2-3 . frequent emergency handovers should be avoided. In an enhanced dual-band network.. In a normal cell. Ltd. Normal handover. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Enhanced dual-band network handover. Normal handover ensures good services when an MS is moving. Load handover. That is. Load handover enables the system load to be balanced among multiple cells so that the system performance can be ensured. the calls in the high-traffic GSM900 cell can be handed over to the low-traffic DCS1800 cell to balance traffic. the emergency handover has a bigger deviation than other handovers in terms of the selection of the target cell. the resources in the overlaid DCS1800 cell and underlaid GSM900 cell can be shared during the assignment and handover procedures. Theoretically. Emergency handover can ensure the call continuity when the radio condition severely deteriorates. z z z Figure 2-3 shows the handovers provided in Figure 2-2 and their priorities in handover algorithm I.

2 Overview BSS Handover Figure 2-3 Handover decisions based on handover algorithm I Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm II Figure 2-4 shows the procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm II. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd. 2-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..

BSS Handover 2 Overview Figure 2-4 Procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm II Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. 2-5 .

Ltd. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .2 Overview BSS Handover 2-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..

.BSS Handover 2 Overview In handover algorithm II. three types of handover decisions are defined. The BSC maximizes the transmit power of the BTS before sending a handover command to the MS. 2-7 . Ltd. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The BSC does not adjust the BTS power during the handover to ensure the success of the handover. as shown in Figure 2-5. Figure 2-5 Handover decisions based on handover algorithm II Handover Execution BTS power lift for handover function determines whether the BTS of the serving cell transmits signals at the maximum power during a handover.

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calculation is done again. 3-1 . Received Signal Code Power(RSCP). Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Averaging is performed on uplink/downlink RX level. The lowest values are applied to the interpolation of MRs by the handover algorithm II according to the protocols. z If measurement reports are not issued continuously and the number of lost measurement reports is greater than the value of Allowed MR Number Lost. 2G neighboring cell level.Preprocessing is set to No. Timing Advance(TA). NE Selection for Measurement Report Processing The processing can be performed either on the BSC side or on the BTS side. level 0 (-110 dBm) is applied in the interpolation. and Ec/No of neighboring 3G cell. Ltd. the handover algorithm I performs the linear interpolation for the MRs. When new measurement reports are issued.of preprocessed MR. uplink/downlink RX quality. This decreases the signaling traffic on the Abis interface and the traffic volume processed by the BSC. level 0 (-110 dBm) and quality 7 are applied in the interpolation. Measurement Report Interpolation The neighboring cell indexes are found on the basis of the BCCH frequencies and BSICs provided by the MS. then the processing is performed on the BTS side. If measurement reports are not issued continuously and the number of lost measurement reports is smaller than the value of Allowed MR Number Lost. By setting the parameters Transfer Original MR. and Sent Freq. BTS power. If no MR is reported because the RX level in the neighboring cell is too low.Preprocessing is set to Yes. that is. In the MR. then the processing is performed on the BSC side. level 0 (-110 dBm) is applied in the interpolation.1 Measurement Report Processing Measurement report processing involves measurement report interpolation and filtering. Radio Quality Indication(RQI). and the Common PIlot CHannel(CPICH ). − For the neighboring cell. Transfer BTS/MS Power Class. the TCH measurement of the serving cell is classified into FULL SET and SUB SET. you can specify the contents of the MRs to be provided and the period during which the MRs are provided. that is. Measurement Report Filtering Filtering is performed on measurement reports obtained continuously from the measurement report list. z z If measurement reports are issued continuously. the uplink and downlink measurement results are obtained from the measurement reports. z z If MR. Then. The parameter Measurement Report Type determines the type to be used. Data Selection for Measurement Report The MR can be classified into enhanced MR and normal MR.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description 3 Technical Description 3.. The averaging minimizes the effect on the result of handover decision due to sudden changes in the measurement values. the previous measurement reports are discarded. the lowest value is applied to the lost level value according to the protocols. If MR. the system performs operations as follows: − For the serving cell. they are directly added to the measurement report list.

the filtering fails. BQ handover. the compensation of power control is calculated by adding the downlink RX level of the serving cell and twice the current downlink transmit Power Level of the BTS. In situations where the cells overlap severely. fast-moving micro cell handover. See Table 3-1 for details.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd. If you compare the RX level of the serving cell after the power control with that of all BCCH TRXs of the neighboring cell. The power control compensation of the serving cell is performed after the interpolation processing and before the filtering processing. in addition to the situations mentioned above.2 Handover Preprocessing Handover Penalty According to the neighboring cell information in the measurement report and the parameters.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Power control compensation needs to be performed for the downlink RX level of the serving cell by the handover algorithm II. Filter Length for TCH Qual Filter Length for TA TA filter length for SDCCH level Filter Length for Ncell RX_LEV NCell filter length for SDCCH level If consecutive measurement reports are insufficient. In handover algorithm II. Table 3-1 Parameters related to the number of measurement reports Measurement Object Receive level of the serving cell Quality of the serving cell TA of the serving cell Receive level of the neighboring cell Power of the BTS in the serving cell RQI Channel Type SDCCH TCH SDCCH TCH TCH SDCCH BCCH SDCCH TCH Filter Length for TCH Level TCH Filter Length for TCH Qual Parameter Filter Length for SDCCH Level Filter Length for TCH Level Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. 3. the handover is easily triggered. The handover decision is not performed. the handover penalty is also performed after successful or failed load handover and interference handover. The handover penalty is performed after successful fast-moving micro cell handover. and after the handover failures. there is no mapping between them. In general. thus causing the ping-pong handover. The number of consecutive measurement reports required for filtering are determined by the measurement object and channel type. OL subcell to UL subcell handover within an enhanced concentric cell. the system performs handover preprocessing and adjusts the priorities of the neighboring cells. TA handover. After the power control compensation is performed. the RX level of the serving cell can reflect the coverage condition of the BCCH TRX of the serving cell. 3-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

If an MS fails to initiate an intra-cell AMR TCHF to TCHH handover. Table 3-2 Parameters related to handover penalty Handover Quick handover TA Handover BQ Handover Load handover (handover algorithm II) Parameter Quick Handover Punish Time Quick Handover Punish Value Penalty Level after TA HO Penalty Time after TA HO Penalty Level after BQ HO Penalty Time after BQ HO Penalty Time on Load HO Penalty Value on Load HO z After the fast-moving micro cell handover is successfully performed. After the handover fails. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Bad Quality (BQ) handover. the handover from UL subcell to OL subcell is not allowed within Penalty Time of UtoO HO. the penalty time could be UmPenaltyTimer. − If the UL subcell to OL subcell handover within a concentric cell fails.. Based on the handover failure cause. the handover from UL subcell to OL subcell is not allowed within Penalty Time after UtoO HO Fail. z After the quick handover.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description In handover decision procedure of handover algorithm II. the handover from UL cell to OL cell is not allowed within Inter UL/OL Subcells HO Penalty Time. this handover is not allowed to be initiated again within Penalty Time on Interfere HO regardless of whether the handover is successful or not. Ltd. After the OL cell to UL cell handover in the enhanced dual-band network is successful. Related parameters are Penalty on Fast Moving HO and Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO. or CfgPenaltyTimer. 3-3 . Table 3-2 lists the parameters related to handover penalty. after the interference handover is initiated. − If the OL subcell to UL subcell handover within a concentric cell fails. the handover from OL subcell to UL subcell is not allowed within Penalty Time after OtoU HO Fail. different penalties are performed on the target cell based on the causes: z z z z z − If the handover to a neighboring 2G or 3G cell fails. RscPenaltyTimer. the penalty level is subtracted from the actual RX level of the original cell during the penalty period. the actual RX level of the target cell is subtracted by Penalty Level after HO Fail for neighboring cell ranking during the penalty. After the OL subcell to UL subcell handover within an enhanced concentric cell is successful. TA handover. In handover algorithm II. it cannot initiate another intra-cell AMR TCHF to TCHH handover within Penalty Time after AMR TCHF-H HO Fail. penalty is performed on all the neighboring cells of the micro cell. or load handover (in handover algorithm II) is successfully performed. the handover penalty is performed after the network characteristics adjustment and before the emergency handover decision.

the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. Ltd. the network characteristics needs to be readjusted. After the network characteristics adjustment. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Basic Ranking Basic ranking is performed after handover penalty to generate a candidate cell list in descending order taking the following information into account: RX levels of the serving cell and neighboring cells carried in the MRs. and the Ec/N0 of a neighboring cell is lower than Min Ec/No threshold. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. the handover to this external BSC cell is prohibited. If a neighboring 3G cell is an FDD cell. In other words. if an MS in an external BSC cell occupies an SDCCH and Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed is set to No. then the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. the cell is processed according to FDD REP QUANT: z z z z − If FDD REP QUANT is set to Ec/N0. The candidate cells are ranked in descending order by priority. usage of TCHs in the neighboring cells. Then. Penalty Value on Load HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell within Penalty Time on Load HO if the load handover is successful. The level of the target cell changes after the penalty of load handover. z Network Characteristics Adjustment Network characteristics adjustment is a process in which the position of each cell in the candidate cell list is determined based on the related network information. Based on the difference. the handover decision procedure starts. 3-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. z In the case of non-directed retry. that is. − If FDD REP QUANT is set to RSCP. If the uplink RX level of a neighboring 2G cell is lower than the sum of Min UL Level on Candidate Cell and Min Access Level Offset. the final candidate cell list (including neighboring cells and serving cell) is generated. z If a neighboring 3G cell is a TDD cell and the RSCP after penalty is lower than the Min RSCP threshold. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. the emergency handover decision is made after the network characteristics adjustment. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. In handover algorithm I. Calculate the difference between the downlink RX level of the neighboring cells and the downlink RX level of the serving cell. that is. that is. If the downlink RX level of a neighboring 2G cell is lower than the sum of Min DL Level on Candidate Cell and Min Access Level Offset. rank the neighboring cells in descending order. then the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. then the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. in handover algorithm II. If a neighboring 2G cell and the serving cell are controlled by the same BSC and the TCH usage of the neighboring cell is 100%.. all related factors are adjusted in network characteristics adjustment phase. then this cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. Network characteristics adjustment provides the final candidate cell list for handover decision. hysteresis. and the RSCP of a neighboring cell is lower than Min RSCP threshold. the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. After the emergency handover decision. and so on. then. that is. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . In handover algorithm II. the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. some of the factors are adjusted before the emergency handover decision procedure is initiated. that is. that is.

z When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 3G Cell: A neighboring 3G cell is preferred. Handover decision based on handover algorithm I involves the following procedures: z z Determining whether the serving cell meets the triggering conditions Selecting corresponding candidate cells In handover algorithm I. load handover. then the emergency handover timer Min Interval for Emerg. the directed retry procedure is performed when Directed Retry is set to Yes. The forced handover is classified into these four types: z z z z Outgoing cell handover (direct retry) Outgoing BTS handover Outgoing BSC handover Specified target cell list handover 3. a neighboring 3G cell is selected. 3. Ltd. Quick Handover Types Quick handover consists of frequency offset handover and quick PBGT handover. or a high-speed railroad. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 2G cells but no suitable neighboring 3G cells. 3-5 . a neighboring 2G cell is selected. Inter-rat HO Preference specifies whether a neighboring 2G cell or a neighboring 3G cell is preferred. enhanced dual-band network handover. If the triggering conditions of emergency handover are met and there is at least one candidate cell. a selected route.3. the subsequent handover decisions are not performed.1 Quick Handover Quick handover aims to increase the handover success rate of an MS moving at a high speed and to ensure the call continuity and low call drop rate. HO times out.. The purpose of the forced handover is as follows: z z If no TCH is available in the serving cell during the MS access process. a neighboring 3G cell is preferred. z When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell: A neighboring 2G cell is preferred. emergency handover. Quick handover applies to the scenario where an MS moves fast along an urban backbone road. the MSs under control of the related BTS should be handed over to the cells controlled by a functional BTS to ensure that no call drop occurs during BTS maintenance.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Forced Handover If the forced handover is triggered. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 3G cells but no suitable neighboring 2G cells. When BTS maintenance is performed. Another emergency handover decision can be performed only when Min Interval for Emerg. z When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell: If the RX level of a candidate 2G cell is lower than or equal to HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell. and normal handover. the handover decision based on handover algorithm I is made in the following order: quick handover. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. HO is started.3 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm I According to the emergency condition of an MS in the network.

provided that other conditions of frequency offset handover are met. The compensated downlink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Down Trigger Level. If Quick Handover Enable is set to Yes. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . z α filtering is performed on the measurement report. a neighboring cell in the moving direction of the MS is selected preferentially. a frequency offset handover is performed. PBGT(n) is greater than or equal to 0. quick handover is not triggered. the triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows: z z z z The MS is moving away from the serving cell (the frequency offset in the measurement result is a negative value) and the moving speed of the MS is greater than Quick Move Speed Threshold. Frequency offset of the MS is obtained from the uplink measurement report that the BTS sends to the BSC. If Handover Direction Forecast Enable is set to Yes. a quick PBGT handover is performed. Target Cell Selection The target cell must be a chain neighboring cell of the serving cell. quick PBGT handover is triggered. When the BTS cannot send the frequency offset information or the reported frequency offset information is invalid. To forecast the moving direction of the MS. the handover response speed is enhanced by: z z z z Accurately calculating the moving speed of the MS Derestricting the interval between handover decisions Reducing the number of measurement reports for the handover decision Introducing the α filtering Quick Handover Preparation The preparation for quick handover involves the following aspects: z Frequency offset is decoded from the measurement report. The path loss of configured chain neighboring cells is lower than the specified threshold of the path loss of the serving cell. For quick handover.3 Technical Description z BSS Handover Frequency offset handover Whether the MS is moving away from the serving cell is determined based on the frequency offset information provided by an MS moving at a high speed. Frequency offset handover decision is made according to the uplink/downlink RX level of the serving cell and the path loss of neighboring cells. The filtered uplink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Up Trigger Level. In other words. Ltd. The triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows: z If the last three conditions are met simultaneously. z Quick PBGT handover Quick PBGT handover decision is made according to the path loss of neighboring cells. Triggering Conditions During handover decision. the direction of a chain neighboring cell (A or B) compared with the serving cell is specified by Chain Neighbour Cell Type. If the number of times that the MS is 3-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. the decision is made as follows: − − If the first condition is met. If the first condition is not met. z If all the last three conditions are not met. it is first determined whether the triggering conditions of frequency offset handover are met. The target cell can be obtained through the setting of Chain Neighbor Cell.

or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. The TA value of a normal cell ranges from 0 to 63 and that of an extended cell ranges from 0 to 229. The penalty time and penalty value are specified by Quick Handover Punish Time and Quick Handover Punish Value respectively. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. the MS is preferentially handed over to the neighboring cell whose Chain Neighbour Cell Type is B. Triggering Conditions TA handover is triggered when the following conditions are met: z z TA HO Allowed is set to Yes. 3-7 . In addition. If the triggering conditions of TA handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. If TA Threshold of a co-site neighboring cell is lower than or equal to the TA Threshold of the serving cell. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the penalty is performed on the original cell during the penalty time to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. Subsequently. The TA handover decision is made according to the TA value reported by the MS. From the perspective of the triggering conditions of TA handover. TA can be regarded as a limitation to the size of a cell. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. Each cell can be configured with a maximum of three chain neighboring cells. a handover to the neighboring cell is prohibited. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. 3. The TA handover can be triggered only when the preceding two conditions are met simultaneously.2 TA Handover TA handover is a type of emergency handover. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. The TA can be stepped up or down in steps of 553. Filtered TA value in the measurement report provided by the MS is greater than or equal to TA Threshold. Ltd.. Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. After a quick handover is successful. Limitations The limitations on quick handover are as follows: z z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. The TA value of 63 corresponds to a distance of 35 km. The candidate cells for quick handover must be chain neighboring cells of the serving cell.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description handed over to neighboring cells in the same direction (B for example) is greater than or equal to Handover Direction Forecast Last Times when the handover time reaches Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times.3.5 m. then the MS is inferred to be moving towards the B direction. If no neighboring 3G cell is available. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available.

the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. the following operations are performed: z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. Penalty Level after TA HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. Limit for AMR FR. Threshold and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual.3 BQ Handover BQ handover is a type of emergency handover in which the system makes the decision based on the uplink/downlink RX quality on the Um interface. or different timeslot is preferred (priority: different frequency band > different frequency > different TRX > different timeslot).3. For AMR FR calls. then the preceding condition need not be met. Limit for AMR FR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. The downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the downlink RX quality threshold of the serving cell. the RX level of the target cell must meet the following condition: Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell > Filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell + (Inter-cell HO Hysteresis of the serving cell configured for the neighboring cell . The BSC measures the quality of a radio link based on the quality class in the measurement report. Threshold. If the triggering conditions of BQ handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. Limit for AMR HR. The BQ handover is triggered when either of the preceding conditions is met. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR calls. z Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The probable cause of an increase in BER is that the signal power is too low or the channel interference increases. different TRX. Intracell HO Allowed is set to Yes. A channel with different frequency band. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. 3. the penalty is performed on the original cell. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z If the target cell is a neighboring cell. Limit for AMR HR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. if there is no neighboring cell. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. During Penalty Time after TA HO. different frequency. In addition.64) .(BQ HO Margin . The RX quality is measured in bit error rate (BER). Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-8 . then the MS is handed over to the serving cell.64) In handover algorithm I. if there is only one cell in the candidate cell list and the cell is a neighboring cell. For AMR HR calls. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover.. the triggering conditions of BQ handover are as follows: z z The uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the uplink RX quality threshold of the serving cell. and the serving cell is not in the intra-cell handover penalty state. z In handover algorithm I.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Limitations After the TA handover is successful. Triggering Conditions If BQ HO Allowed is set to Yes. Ltd. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual.

or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. In addition. A7 indicates Filter Parameter A7.7t) < B Here.3. This filtering method is responsive to the rapid level drop based on the drop slope of the original RX level. Penalty Level after BQ HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No.t) + A3 x C(nt . Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. interference handover is a type of emergency handover. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. Triggering Conditions If Rx_Level_Drop HO Allowed is set to Yes. If no neighboring 3G cell is available. the mean value filtering and P/N decision methods are not responsive to short-period rapid level drop. Ltd.BSS Handover z 3 Technical Description If no neighboring 3G cell is available. A3 indicates Filter Parameter A3. B indicates Filter Parameter B. 3. 3. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. If the triggering conditions of rapid level drop handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. A4 indicates Filter Parameter A4. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4 Rapid Level Drop Handover Rapid level drop handover is a type of emergency handover. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z The target cell has a higher priority than the serving cell. the triggering conditions of rapid level drop handover are as follows: z z Filtered uplink level < Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt .2t) + … + A8 x C(nt .. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. A6 indicates Filter Parameter A6. Therefore. A2 indicates Filter Parameter A2. Interference handover helps protect the interfered calls and reduce the network interference. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. In edge handover and PBGT handover. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. the penalty is performed on the original cell. During Penalty Time after BQ HO. to solve the rapid level drop problem. A5 indicates Filter Parameter A5. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. and A8 indicates Filter Parameter A8. Limitations After the BQ handover is successful. the finite impact response filtering can be performed on the original RX level. A1 indicates Filter Parameter A1. It is applicable to scenarios with interference.5 Interference Handover In handover algorithm I. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made.3. 3-9 . the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell.

For AMR FR calls. In interference handover. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Triggering Conditions If Interference HO Allowed is set to Yes. z If the filtered level of a neighboring cell after handover penalty ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold of the neighboring cell + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . If no neighboring 3G cell is available. The filtered value of downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current downlink RX level. If the triggering conditions of interference handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. where 1 ≤ n ≤ 12. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. Ltd. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR (1 ≤ n ≤ 12) and Interfere HO Qual. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR + Interfere HO Qual. the difference between interference handover and BQ handover is that in BQ handover the bad quality resulting from both coverage and interference is checked. The interference handover is triggered if either of the previous conditions is met. this neighboring cell can serve as the target cell. − If n = 1. the serving cell can be selected as the target cell. When a number of consecutive intra-cell handovers occur.6 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report Handover due to no downlink measurement report is performed on the basis of the uplink quality. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover.. the bad quality resulting from coverage is not checked.3. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm I. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. 3-10 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Thresh Offset for AMR FR.3 Technical Description BSS Handover In handover algorithm I. the triggering conditions of interference handover are as follows: z z The filtered value of uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current uplink RX level. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. the target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list. Thresh 1 for Non-AMR FR. The purpose is to ensure the call continuity and minimize the possibility of call drops. The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR FR calls. Thresh Offset for AMR FR. 3. the following operations need to be performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. Forbidden time after MAX Times is triggered and the intra-cell handover is prohibited in the corresponding period. In addition. the parameter for specifying the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. the parameters for specifying the RX quality threshold are Interfere HO Qual. − If 2 ≤ n ≤ 12.64. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z If Intracell HO Allowed is set to Yes and the intra-cell handover penalty timer expires. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No.

the serving cell is selected as the target cell.HO Allowed Limit. 3-11 . The handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is performed only on TCHs. the conditions for selecting the target cell are as follows: z z z The ranked neighboring cells recorded in the last complete measurement report are saved as candidate cells. so other handover decisions cannot be performed.7 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover Enhanced dual-band network handover is performed based on the traffic volume of the overlaid and underlaid cells and based on the receive level. The number of lost downlink MRs is smaller than Cons. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3. If no neighboring cell is available. the handover due to no downlink measurement report is triggered. 3.. In this case. Preferably a neighboring cell is selected as the target cell.No Dl Mr.Ul Qual HO Limit..HO Allowed is set to Yes. the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. Enhanced dual-band network handover is classified into the following types: z z z Handover due to high load in the underlaid cell Handover due to low load in the underlaid cell Handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to High Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z z z z z The two cells are in the enhanced dual-band network and Load HO Allowed is set to Yes. When all the previous conditions are met. Ltd. The load in the underlaid cell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell General Overload Threshold. The MS supports the frequency band on which the overlaid cell operates. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH. the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for TCH Qual. For TCH. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm I. the requirements of the filtering algorithm cannot be met. Triggering Conditions In handover algorithm I. the triggering conditions of handover due to no downlink measurement report are as follows: z z z z z No Dl Mr.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Handover due to no downlink measurement report is generally caused by adverse radio environment on the uplink. The filtered value of uplink quality is greater than or equal to No Dl Mr. for SDCCH. There is no downlink information in the measurement report of the call. The load in the overlaid cell is lower than Inner Cell Serious OverLoad Thred. The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level.

the value of SS(n) is -110 dBm. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO.ATCB_HYST Here. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to Low Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z The load in the underlaid cell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold.SS(n) < ATCB_THRD . If the load of the underlaid subcell in the cell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold. − SS(u): specifies the downlink level (power compensation is performed on the downlink level based on the measurement) of the underlaid cell where the call is originated. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods subtracted by MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period. Ltd. Thdouter: specifies Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. − − ATCB_THRD: specifies Distance Between Boundaries of Subcells. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period. the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell is triggered. If the load of the underlaid subcell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold for a specified period. you can infer that the decision of enhanced dual-band network handover is not performed and the decision condition is met by default. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . locates at the same layer. The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level. the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is triggered. SS(n) is the signal level of the best neighboring cell that operates on the same frequency band.3 Technical Description BSS Handover When all the preceding conditions are met. − − SS(s): specifies the filtering compensated downlink RX level in the serving cell. If such a neighboring cell is not available. If the SS(u) value cannot be obtained. − SS(n): The best neighboring cell is the one whose measured BCCH level is the highest among neighboring cells. 3-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO. ATCB_HYST: specifies Distance Hysteresis Between Boundaries. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to MS Movement to the Border of the Overlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell are as follows: z z SS(s) < Thdouter SS(u) . and has the same priority as the underlaid cell but is not co-sited with the underlaid cell.. Handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met. When all the preceding conditions are met.

The Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell parameter should be set.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description z In the adapter distance to cell border(ATCB) handover algorithm. For the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell. 3-13 Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd.SS(n) > ATCB_THRD. the MS is handed over to the neighboring cell that ranks first among neighboring cells. The Load HO Allowed parameter should be set. the border between the overlaid and underlaid cells is determined according to the signal strength of the serving cell and that of neighboring cells. The target cell can also be another neighboring cell. In the case of overlaid/underlaid load handover on the enhanced dual-band network. If SS(s) = SS(n). If SS(s) . The limitations on the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network. For the handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell. the MS must be handed over to the overlaid cell. The MS should not be handed over to the cell that ranks after the serving cell. The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH. the system considers that the MS is located in the coverage area of the overlaid cell. the system considers that the MS is located at the border of the underlaid cell. The MS with the highest receive level is handed over first. the target cell is the underlaid cell. the MSs whose downlink levels are within the handover margin are handed over level by level. The MS with the lowest receive level is handed over first.. Limitations The limitations on the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on an enhanced dual-band network. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Extra(Extra). Impact of the Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover on the Existing Algorithm The impact of the enhanced dual-band network handover on the existing algorithm is as follows: z On the enhanced dual-band network. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). In addition. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the MS must be handed over to the underlaid cell. This is to prevent a load handover of a normal cell from colliding with a load handover between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell on the network. the MS should not be handed over to a cell in the same underlaid/overlaid cell group when the load handovers between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell (specified by Load HO Allowed and Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell) are allowed. The limitations on the handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell are as follows: z If the cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network. Generally. The handover margin specifies the range of signal level. z Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection in the enhanced dual-band network are as follows: z z z For the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell. the overlaid cell of the serving cells and the overlaid cell of the neighboring cells will not overlap regardless of the distance between BTSs. The coverage area of the overlaid cell is determined according to different networking and coverage conditions of the existing network.

To balance the load of these cells. Meanwhile. some cells carry heavy load whereas the overlapping upper-layer cells and the neighboring cells may carry light load. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . In addition. see the 2G/3G Interoperability Feature Parameter Description. the edge handover threshold is increased on the basis of Load HO Step Level (CLS_Ramp) and Load HO Step Period (CLS_Period).8 Load Handover In the network. The load handover algorithm needs to be enabled.. increase Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold so that the load at the border of a cell is switched to a neighboring cell with light load. Whether a cell carries heavy load or light load is determined by the traffic volume in the cell. the load in neighboring cells is not switched to heavy-load cells. the edge handover threshold is not increased any more. In other words. Load handover may lead to many handovers. z z If the traffic volume in a cell is greater than Load HO Threshold. load handover is performed step by step. Figure 3-1 Load handover between cells To perform load sharing. thus.3. Ltd. the load handover is required. In a load handover procedure. you can infer that the load in this cell is heavy. When the increase in the edge handover threshold equals Load HO Bandwidth (CLS_Offset). 3-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3 Technical Description z BSS Handover The PBGT handover algorithm may cause inter-cell handover. Figure 3-1 shows the details. the system traffic volume should be taken into account. that is whether the traffic volume (generally TCH usage) in the cell exceeds the preset threshold. See Figure 3-2 for details. the MS should not be handed over to the cell in the same group in the case of PBGT handover between cells on the enhanced dual-band network. some load in heavy-load cells is switched to light-load cells. 3. In other words. to prevent too many MSs from being handed over at a time. Load handover can be performed between cells at different layers. Therefore. the load of the system CPU should be considered before load handover is performed. If the traffic volume in a cell is lower than Load handover Load Accept Threshold. you can infer that the load in this cell is light and the cell can receive load from the heavy-load cells. For details about the inter-RAT load handover.

Ltd. the triggering conditions of load handover are as follows: z z The CPU usage of the system is less than or equal to System Flux Threshold for Load HO. 3-15 . The load handover stops when the traffic volume in the cell is less than or equal to Load HO Threshold.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Figure 3-2 Load handover Triggering Conditions If Load Handover Support is set to Yes. The MSs in load handover margin 1 are handed over to the neighboring cells. The load handover margin 2 specifies the area where the downlink level ranges from Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold to the sum of Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold and (2 x Load HO Step Level).. 1. 3. The current load of the serving cell is greater than or equal to Load HO Threshold. If the target cell and the serving cell are in the same BSC. a load handover is performed when the load of the target cell is lower than Load handover Load Accept Threshold and Inter BSC Load Information Allowed is set to Yes. Examples The system assigns MSs to different load handover margins based on the downlink RX level. The load handover algorithm is used to hand over the MSs out of a cell step by step. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 2. the MSs in load handover margin 2 are handed over to the neighboring cells. a load handover is performed when the current load of the target cell is lower than Load handover Load Accept Threshold. Target Cell Selection The conditions for selecting the target cell are as follows: z z z z Filtered RX level after handover penalty ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis .64 The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. If the target cell and the serving cell are not in the same BSC. Load handover margin 1 specifies the area where the downlink level ranges from Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold to the sum of Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold and Load HO Step Level. After a Load HO Step Period elapses. The load handover is performed step by step to prevent call drops caused by a sudden increase in CPU load or the congestion in the target cell.

or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. the target cell must have a higher priority than the serving cell..64) greater than the receive level of the serving cell. z RX level of the neighboring cell > RX level of the serving cell + Inter-cell HO Hysteresis . and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. Figure 3-3 Edge handover Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells.64 An edge handover is triggered when the P/N criterion is met. After cells are ranked.3 Technical Description BSS Handover 3. Triggering Conditions If Edge HO Allowed is set to Yes. Figure 3-3 shows the edge handover. the receive level of the target cell should be at least one hysteresis value (specified by Inter-cell HO Hysteresis . − − The filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold. In addition. The filtered uplink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. A cell becomes the target cell if the previous conditions are met for Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time within Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time. If the triggering conditions of edge handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. Ltd. it should meet the following conditions: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell.3. 3-16 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. To trigger an edge handover. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. when the previous conditions are met for Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Valid Time within Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Watch Time.9 Edge Handover Edge handover is performed on the basis of receive level. the decision on whether to initiate another type of handover is made. If no neighboring 3G cell is available. that is. the triggering conditions of edge handover are as follows: z Either of the following conditions is met.

. 2. the target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description 3. it is handed over to a macro cell. 3. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm I. that is. In addition. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z The target cell must be at layer 4. the fast-moving micro cell handover decision is started. When the triggering conditions of edge handover or PBGT handover are met.3. The cell counted by the system must locate at a layer lower than layer 4. Umbrella cell. In other words. When the period during which the MS camps on the serving cell is shorter than MS Fast-moving Time Threshold. 3-17 . Ltd. Fast-moving micro cell handover applies to the following scenarios: z z If an MS is moving fast in a micro cell. time penalty is performed on the micro cell so that the fast-moving MS camps on the macro cell. it must be a non-Umbrella cell. the fast-moving micro cell handover is triggered if the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement counted by the system is greater than or equal to MS Fast-moving Valid Cells. the handover decision procedure of fast-moving micro cell handover is as follows: 1. Figure 3-4 Fast-moving micro cell handover Triggering Conditions If MS Fast Moving HO Allowed is set to Yes. Figure 3-4 shows the fast-moving micro cell handover. the number of cells through which the fast-moving MS passes is incremented by one.64 Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. When the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement reaches MS Fast-moving Watch Cells.10 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover Fast-moving micro cell handover is performed from a micro cell to a macro cell according to the relative speed of an MS so that the number of handovers can be minimized. Filtered RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . To prevent an MS that is moving fast in a macro cell from entering a micro cell.

The Layer of the cell parameter specifies at which layer a cell is located.10 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover for details. Figure 3-5 shows the cell layers. the GSM network is divided into several layers. To balance the traffic volume flexibly and to meet the requirements of different network topologies. It also implements fast MS connection. Layer 1: Pico cell. They enable capacity expansion. The pico cells are generally DCS1800 cells. During Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Figure 3-5 Cell layers In Huawei multiband handover algorithm. Cell Layer and Cell Priority With Huawei multiband handover algorithm. a GSM network covering a certain area is divided into four layers. The umbrella cells are generally GSM900 cells having the wide coverage feature. Penalty on Fast Moving HO is subtracted from the RX level of every neighboring micro cell. 3.. a proper traffic volume distribution can be realized among multiple frequency bands. the penalty is performed on all the neighboring micro cells. The micro cells are generally DCS1800 cells having the small coverage feature.3. 3-18 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Huawei multiband handover algorithm divides cells into four layers. See 3. which are: z z z z Layer 4: Umbrella cell. The macro cells are generally GSM900 cells. It is used to enable the cells at low layers to absorb traffic volume. with 16 priorities at each layer. Layer 3: Macro cell.3. This algorithm is applicable to complex networking scenarios.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Limitations After the fast-moving micro cell handover is successful. The cell at the lower layer has a higher priority. which are commonly used in current GSM system and serve majority of subscribers. Ltd. Layer 2: Micro cell. which are used in hot spots and blind spots.11 Inter-Layer Handover Inter-layer handover is a type of normal handover.

The following condition is met for PBGT Valid Time within PBGT Watch Time: (MIN (MS_TXPWR_MAX. Target Cell Selection The target cell should meet the following conditions: z z z The target cell and the serving cell are at the same layer and have the same priority. that is. The inter-layer handover is triggered when the P/N criterion is met.64 After cells are ranked. the previous conditions are met for Layer HO Valid Time within Layer HO Watch Time.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Triggering Conditions If Level HO Allowed is set to Yes. The PBGT handover can be triggered only when all the previous conditions are met. MS_TXPWR_MAX (n): indicates the maximum allowed transmit power of an MS in neighboring cell RxLev_NCELL (n): indicates the downlink receive level in neighboring cell n. − − P: indicates the maximum transmit power of an MS. MS_TXPWR_MAX: indicates the maximum allowed transmit power of an MS in the serving cell.12 PBGT Handover PBGT handover is a type of normal handover. The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell.. P) – RXLEV_DL – PWR_DIFF) – (MIN (MS_TXPWR_MAX (n). Ltd. the target cell must have a higher priority than the serving cell. 3. the triggering conditions of inter-layer handover are as follows: z z z The layer at which the target cell is located has a higher priority than the layer at which the serving cell is located. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection are as follows: z z z The triggering conditions are met. Triggering Conditions If PBGT HO Allowed is set to Yes. P) – RXLEV_NCELL (n) ) > PBGT_HO_MARGIN Here. − − PWR_DIFF: indicates the difference between the maximum downlink transmit power in the serving cell due to power control and the actual downlink transmit power in the serving cell.3. n. 3-19 . The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. − − − RXLEV_DL: indicates the filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell. The target cell has the highest priority in the candidate cell list. PBGT_HO_MARGIN: indicates PBGT HO Threshold minus 64. the triggering conditions of PBGT handover are as follows: z z The target cell and the serving cell are at the same layer and have the same priority. Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . The target cell has the highest priority in the candidate cell list.

The type of channel specified by the MSC during a call can be changed during a handover. The type of channel specified by the MSC during a call can be changed during a handover. 3-20 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The full-rate speech version 3 and half-rate speech version 3 must be supported by the cell where the call is initiated. The target call is an AMR call. The target call is an AMR call. For an AMR HR call. the AMR TCHH-TCHF handover can be performed if the preceding conditions are met for Intracell F-H HO Last Time within Intracell F-H HO Stat Time. an SDCCH handover involves measurement and MR reporting. Therefore. Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHH-TCHF Handover The triggering conditions of AMR TCHH-TCHF handover are as follows: z z z z z z Intracell F-H HO Allowed is set to Yes. The half-rate function must be enabled in the cell where the call is initiated. The full-rate speech version 3 and half-rate speech version 3 must be supported by the cell where the call is initiated.3 Technical Description BSS Handover 3. The half-rate function must be enabled in the cell where the call is initiated. Regarding procedure.3. For an AMR FR call.. the handover is allowed. It consists of the AMR TCHF-TCHH handover and the AMR TCHH-TCHF handover. The call occupies the full-rate TCH. Target Cell Selection The AMR handover is an intra-cell handover. if AMR TCH/H Prior Allowed is set to Yes and the cell load is greater than AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshold. Ltd. 3. The conversion formula between RQI and C/I is RQI = 2 x C/I. The principle of SDCCH handover is the same as that of TCH handover.13 AMR Handover The AMR handover in handover algorithm I is performed on AMR calls on the basis of radio quality indication (RQI). The call occupies the half-rate TCH. thus improving the network QoS. Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH Handover The triggering conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z z Intracell F-H HO Allowed is set to Yes. SDCCH handover helps improve the access success rate of the MSs on the edge of the network. The RQI is smaller than H2F HO Threshold. and handover execution. only the serving cell can be selected as the target cell. handover decision. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . the AMR TCHF-TCHH handover can be performed if the preceding conditions are met for Intracell F-H HO Last Time within Intracell F-H HO Stat Time. For an AMR FR call. The RQI is greater than F2H HO Threshold and the cell load is greater than AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshold.14 SDCCH Handover SDCCH handover is a process in which the MS is handed over from an SDCCH to another SDCCH in an immediate assignment. MR processing.3.

4 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm II Handover decision based on handover algorithm II is made in the following order: forced handover. and fast-moving micro cell handover z The algorithms for the following handovers do not support SDCCH handover: enhanced dual-band network handover. and interference handover have a high priority. TA handover. If an inter-BSC SDCCH handover is required. inter-layer handover. Figure 3-6 shows the details. and tight BCCH handover 3. The BSC selects a handover type with the highest priority from all the handovers that can be performed on each neighboring cell.15 Other Handovers Other handovers here refer to better 3G cell handover and tight BCCH handover. Better 3G Cell Handover See 2G/3G Interoperability Feature Parameter Description. BQ handover. load handover. emergency handover. The handover priority is as follows: − Forced handover. Ltd. both SDCCH HO Allowed and Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed should be set to YES(Yes). 3.3. Tight BCCH Handover See BCCH Dense Frequency Multiplexing Feature Parameter Description. emergency handover. 3-21 . handover due to no downlink measurement report. AMR handover. intra-cell handover. The handover decision algorithm for SDCCH handover is different from that for TCH handover in the following ways: z The algorithms for the following handovers support SDCCH handover: quick handover. rapid level drop handover.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Whether an SDCCH handover can be performed is controlled by the SDCCH HO Allowed parameter. concentric cell handover. Handover decision based on handover algorithm II involves the following procedures: z z z Determining whether the serving cell meets the triggering conditions Selecting corresponding candidate cell list for each handover type Performing the comprehensive decision and determining the candidate neighboring cells The procedure for performing comprehensive decision based on handover results and determining the candidate neighboring cells is as follows: 1. and inter-cell handover. PBGT handover. interference handover. edge handover.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. better 3G cell handover.

3 Technical Description BSS Handover Figure 3-6 Handovers with high priority Quick handover is classified into frequency offset handover and quick PBGT handover.. − Intra-cell handover (excluding interference handover) and inter-cell handover have a normal priority. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-22 . Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. AMR handover has the same priority as TCHF-TCHH handover. Figure 3-7 shows the details. Figure 3-7 Handovers with normal priority 2. Ltd. Neighboring 2G cells and neighboring 3G cells are ranked separately. Every neighboring cell in the candidate cell list has its own handover decision. The BSC ranks the candidate cells according to the network characteristics adjustment algorithm and then generates the final candidate cell list. Frequency offset handover has a higher priority than quick PBGT handover.

BSS Handover

3 Technical Description

3.

In handover algorithm II, Inter-rat HO Preference specifies whether a neighboring 2G or a neighboring 3G cell is preferred. When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell: A neighboring 2G cell is preferred. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 3G cells but no suitable neighboring 2G cells, a neighboring 3G cell is selected.

When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 3G Cell: A neighboring 3G cell is preferred. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 2G cells but no suitable neighboring 3G cells, a neighboring 2G cell is selected.

When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell By Threshold: If the RX level of a candidate 2G cell is lower than or equal to HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell, a neighboring 3G cell is preferred.

When a neighboring 3G cell is preferred among the candidate cells, the priority of 3G better cell handover is the lowest.

If the triggering conditions of emergency handover are met and there is at least one candidate cell, then the emergency handover timer Min Interval for Emerg. HO is started. Another emergency handover decision can be performed only when Min Interval for Emerg. HO times out.

3.4.1 Quick Handover
Quick handover aims to increase the handover success rate of an MS moving at a high speed and to ensure the call continuity and low call drop rate. Quick handover applies to the scenario where an MS moves fast along an urban backbone road, a selected route, or a high-speed railroad.

Quick Handover Types
Quick handover consists of frequency offset handover and quick PBGT handover.
z

Frequency offset handover Whether the MS is moving away from the serving cell is determined based on the frequency offset information provided by an MS moving at a high speed. Frequency offset handover decision is made according to the uplink/downlink RX level of the serving cell and the path loss of neighboring cells.

z

Quick PBGT handover Quick PBGT handover decision is made according to the path loss of neighboring cells.

For quick handover, the handover response speed is enhanced by:
z z z z

Accurately calculating the moving speed of the MS Derestricting the interval between handover decisions Reducing the number of measurement reports for the handover decision Introducing the α filtering

Quick Handover Preparation
The preparation for quick handover involves the following aspects:
z

Frequency offset is decoded from the measurement report. Frequency offset of the MS is obtained from the uplink measurement report that the BTS sends to the BSC.

z

α filtering is performed on the measurement report.

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3 Technical Description

BSS Handover

Triggering Conditions
During handover decision, it is first determined whether the triggering conditions of frequency offset handover are met. When the BTS cannot send the frequency offset information or the reported frequency offset information is invalid, quick PBGT handover is triggered, provided that other conditions of frequency offset handover are met. If Quick Handover Enable is set to Yes, the triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows:
z z z z

The MS is moving away from the serving cell (the frequency offset in the measurement result is a negative value) and the moving speed of the MS is greater than Quick Move Speed Threshold. The filtered uplink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Up Trigger Level. The compensated downlink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Down Trigger Level. The path loss of configured chain neighboring cells is lower than the specified threshold of the path loss of the serving cell. In other words, PBGT(n) is greater than or equal to 0.

The triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows:
z

If the last three conditions are met simultaneously, the decision is made as follows:
− −

If the first condition is met, a frequency offset handover is performed. If the first condition is not met, a quick PBGT handover is performed.

z

If all the last three conditions are not met, quick handover is not triggered.

Target Cell Selection
The target cell must be a chain neighboring cell of the serving cell. The target cell can be obtained through the setting of Chain Neighbor Cell. If Handover Direction Forecast Enable is set to Yes, a neighboring cell in the moving direction of the MS is selected preferentially. To forecast the moving direction of the MS, the direction of a chain neighboring cell (A or B) compared with the serving cell is specified by Chain Neighbour Cell Type. If the number of times that the MS is handed over to neighboring cells in the same direction (B for example) is greater than or equal to Handover Direction Forecast Last Times when the handover time reaches Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times, then the MS is inferred to be moving towards the B direction. Subsequently, the MS is preferentially handed over to the neighboring cell whose Chain Neighbour Cell Type is B.

Limitations
The limitations on quick handover are as follows:
z z z

The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. The candidate cells for quick handover must be chain neighboring cells of the serving cell. Each cell can be configured with a maximum of three chain neighboring cells. After a quick handover is successful, the penalty is performed on the original cell during the penalty time to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. The penalty time and penalty value are specified by Quick Handover Punish Time and Quick Handover Punish Value respectively.

3.4.2 TA Handover
TA handover is a type of emergency handover. The TA handover decision is made according to the TA value reported by the MS. The TA value of a normal cell ranges from 0 to 63 and that of an extended cell ranges from 0 to 229. The TA can be stepped up or down in steps of 553.5 m. The TA value of 63 corresponds to a distance of 35 km.

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BSS Handover

3 Technical Description

Triggering Conditions
TA handover is triggered when the following conditions are met:
z z

TA HO Allowed is set to Yes. Filtered TA value in the measurement report provided by the MS is greater than or equal to TA Threshold.

The TA handover can be triggered only when the preceding two conditions are met simultaneously.
From the perspective of the triggering conditions of TA handover, TA can be regarded as a limitation to the size of a cell.

Target Cell Selection
The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. In addition, the target cell should meet the following limitations:
z z z

The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. If TA Threshold of a co-site neighboring cell is lower than or equal to the TA Threshold of the serving cell, a handover to the neighboring cell is prohibited. In handover algorithm II, a cell becomes the target cell for TA handover if the previous conditions are met for TA HO Valid Time within TA HO Watch Time.

If the triggering conditions of TA handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable, the following operations are performed:
z z

If a neighboring 3G cell is available, if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes, and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover, the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. If no neighboring 3G cell is available, if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No, or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover, the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made.

Limitations
After the TA handover is successful, the penalty is performed on the original cell. During Penalty Time after TA HO, Penalty Level after TA HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell.

3.4.3 BQ Handover
BQ handover is a type of emergency handover in which the system makes the decision based on the uplink/downlink RX quality on the Um interface. RX quality is represented by bit error rate (BER). The BSC measures the quality of a radio link based on the quality class in the measurement report. The probable cause of an increase in BER is that the signal power is too low or the channel interference increases.

Triggering Conditions
If BQ HO Allowed is set to Yes, the triggering conditions of BQ handover are as follows:
z z

The uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the uplink RX quality threshold of the serving cell. The downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the downlink RX quality threshold of the serving cell.

The BQ handover is triggered when either of the preceding conditions is met.

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Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. It is applicable to scenarios with interference. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. the BQ handover is a type of emergency handover and the interference handover is a type of intra-cell handover. the penalty is performed on the original cell. Threshold and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual.4. There is no constraint on the target cell in this condition. If the triggering conditions of BQ handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. For AMR FR calls. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z In handover algorithm II. z Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. Limit for AMR FR. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. Limit for AMR HR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. In addition. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. Limitations After the BQ handover is successful. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. Limit for AMR HR.64). For AMR HR calls. Threshold.64) − The serving cell works in GSM900 and the target cell works in DCS1800. 3-26 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4 Interference Handover Interference handover is a type of intra-cell handover in handover algorithm II. Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell > Filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell + (Inter-cell HO Hysteresis of the serving cell configured for the neighboring cell .(BQ HO Margin . During Penalty Time after BQ HO. − The serving cell works in DCS1800 and the target cell works in GSM900. Penalty Level after BQ HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. the serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. Ltd. a cell becomes the target cell for BQ handover if the previous conditions are met for BQ HO Valid Time within BQ HO Watch Time. The RX level of target cell must meet the following conditions: − The serving cell and the target cell work in the same frequency. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. Interference handover helps protect the interfered calls and reduce the network interference.. z In handover algorithm II. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed.3 Technical Description BSS Handover The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR calls. Limit for AMR FR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover.64) . Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + (Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . 3. In handover algorithm II. If no neighboring 3G cell is available.

Thresh n for Non-AMR FR. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 3. Thresh Offset for AMR FR.. where 1 ≤ n ≤ 12. Limitations In handover algorithm II.HO Allowed Limit.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Triggering Conditions If Intracell HO Allowed is set to Yes and Interference HO Allowed is set to Yes.5 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report Handover due to no downlink measurement report is performed on the basis of the uplink quality. In this case. if an interference handover is initiated. so other handover decisions cannot be performed. the corresponding parameter is UL Qual. Thresh Offset for AMR FR. for SDCCH. the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for SDCCH Qual.. the parameters for specifying the RX quality threshold are Interfere HO Qual. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR + Interfere HO Qual. the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for TCH Qual. the parameter for specifying the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual.No Dl Mr. the triggering conditions of handover due to no downlink measurement report are as follows: z z z z No Dl Mr. the interference handover is triggered when the previous conditions are met for Interfere HO Valid Time within Interfere HO Static Time. − If n = 1. 3-27 . The number of lost downlink MRs is smaller than Cons. Triggering Conditions In handover algorithm II. For AMR FR calls. For AMR HR calls. The purpose is to ensure the call continuity and minimize the possibility of call drops. the corresponding parameter is UL Qual. The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR FR calls. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR (1 ≤ n ≤ 12) and Interfere HO Qual. − − z For AMR FR calls. it cannot be initiated again within Penalty Time on Interfere HO regardless of whether the handover is successful. − If 2 ≤ n ≤ 12. In handover algorithm II. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm II. the requirements of the filtering algorithm cannot be met. only the serving cell can be selected as the target cell.4. For TCH. Threshold. The filtered value of uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to UL Qual. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 1 for Non-AMR FR. Limit for AMR FR. There is no downlink information in the measurement report of the call. the triggering conditions of interference handover are as follows: z z The filtered value of uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current uplink RX level. Handover due to no downlink measurement report is generally caused by adverse radio environment on the uplink. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. Ltd. Limit for AMR HR.HO Allowed is set to Yes. The filtered value of downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current downlink RX level.

The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH.64) A neighboring cell serves as the target cell if the previous conditions are met for UL BQ HO Last Time within UL BQ HO Static Time. 3. The MS supports the frequency band on which the overlaid cell operates.64) . The load in the underlaid cell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell General Overload Threshold.. When all the preceding conditions are met. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-28 . Only a neighboring cell can serve as the target cell. Ltd. The handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is performed only on TCHs. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the handover due to no downlink measurement report is triggered. Enhanced dual-band network handover is classified into the following types: z z z Handover due to high load in the underlaid cell Handover due to low load in the underlaid cell Handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to High Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z z z z z The two cells are in the enhanced dual-band network and Load HO Allowed is set to Yes.3 Technical Description BSS Handover When all the previous conditions are met.4. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm II. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to Low Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z The load in the underlaid cell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold. If the load of the underlaid subcell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold. The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH.6 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover Enhanced dual-band network handover is performed based on the traffic volume of the overlaid and underlaid cells and based on the receive level. The load in the overlaid cell is lower than Inner Cell Serious OverLoad Thred. the conditions for selecting the target cell are as follows: z z z z The ranked neighboring cells recorded in the last complete measurement report are saved as candidate cells. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods subtracted by MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period. the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is triggered.(BQ HO Margin . RX level in neighboring cell > Filtered RX level in serving cell + (Inter-cell HO Hysteresis .

z For the ATCB handover algorithm. − SS(u): specifies the downlink level (power compensation is performed on the downlink level based on the measurement) of the underlaid subcell where the call is originated. Ltd. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due To MS Movement in the Overlaid Subcell The triggering conditions of the handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell are described as follows: z z SS(s) < Thdouter SS(u) . it is the coverage area of the overlaid subcell.ATCB_HYST Here. − SS(n): The best neighboring cell is the one whose measured BCCH level is the highest among neighboring cells. and level with the underlaid subcell but is not co-sited with the underlaid subcell. SS(n) is the level value of such a optimum neighboring cell that is on the same frequency band. the overlaid subcell of serving cell and the overlaid subcell of neighboring cells will not overlap regardless of the distance between BTSs. you can infer that the decision of enhanced dual-band network handover is not performed and the decision condition is met by default. the system considers that it is the boundary point of the underlaid subcell. In addition. the MS must be handed over to the underlaid cell. the MS must be handed over to the underlaid cell. When the value of SS(s) subtracted by SS(n) is greater than ATCB_THRD. Thdouter: specifies Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. 3-29 .SS(n) < ATCB_THRD . the boundaries of the overlaid and underlaid subcells are determined according to the relative value between the signal strength of serving cell and that of neighboring cell. the MSs whose downlink levels are within the handover margin are handed over level by level. the MS must be handed over to the overlaid cell. If the load of the underlaid subcell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold for a specified period. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. When SS(s) is equal to SS(n). The handover margin specifies the range of signal level. If the SS(u) value cannot be obtained. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO. Handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description When all the preceding conditions are met. ATCB_HYST: specifies Distance Hysteresis Between Boundaries. the value of SS(n) is -110 dBm. If such a neighboring cell is not available. − − ATCB_THRD: specifies Distance Between Boundaries of Subcells. the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell is triggered. For the handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell. For the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell. In the case of overlaid/underlaid load handover on the enhanced dual-band network. z Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection in the enhanced dual-band network are as follows: z z z For the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell.. layer. − − SS(s): specifies the filtering compensated downlink RX level in the serving cell. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period. The coverage area of the overlaid subcell is determined according to different networking and coverage conditions of the existing network.

Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Extra(Extra).10 Better Cell Handover for the triggering conditions of better cell handover. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). − The filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold. the receive level of the target cell should be at least one hysteresis value (specified by Inter-cell HO Hysteresis . Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). The selection of target cell should be processed by the better cell handover.. the load handover decision is made in network adjustment phase.8 Load Handover for the triggering conditions of load handover.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Limitations The limitations on the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on an enhanced dual-band network. 3. load handover is not decided independently.64) greater than the receive level of the serving cell. 3. This is to prevent a load handover of a normal cell from colliding with a load handover between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell on the network. the MS should not be handed over to a cell in the same underlaid/overlaid cell group when the load handovers between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell (specified by Load HO Allowed and Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell) are allowed. That is.4. In handover algorithm II. The Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell parameter should be set. The limitations on the handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell are described as follows: z The cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network. See 3. The limitations on the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network. To trigger an edge handover. The MS with the highest receive level is handed over first.4. The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH. Impact of the Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover on the Existing Algorithm The impact of the enhanced dual-band network handover on the existing algorithm is as follows: On the enhanced dual-band network. The MS with the lowest receive level is handed over first.7 Load Handover In handover algorithm II. Triggering Conditions If Edge HO Allowed is set to Yes.3. The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. the triggering conditions of edge handover are as follows: z Either of the following conditions is met. The Load HO Allowed parameter should be set. the load handover is triggered when the triggering conditions of load handover and better cell handover are met simultaneously. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.8 Edge Handover Edge handover is performed on the basis of receive level. Ltd. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-30 .4. See 3.

the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. time penalty is performed on the micro cell so that the fast-moving MS camps on the macro cell. it should meet the following conditions: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. Figure 3-8 Edge handover Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells.BSS Handover − z 3 Technical Description The filtered uplink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold.64 An edge handover is triggered when the P/N criterion is met. Figure 3-8 shows the edge handover. 3. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. In addition. the target cell must have a higher priority than the serving cell. Figure 3-9 shows the fast-moving micro cell handover. After cells are ranked. it is handed over to a macro cell. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. that is. To prevent an MS that is moving fast in a macro cell from entering a micro cell. If no neighboring 3G cell is available.. Ltd. RX level of the neighboring cell > RX level of the serving cell + Inter-cell HO Hysteresis .4. If the triggering conditions of edge handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. when the previous conditions are met for Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Valid Time within Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Watch Time.9 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover Fast-moving micro cell handover is performed from a micro cell to a macro cell according to the relative speed of an MS so that the number of handovers can be minimized. Fast-moving micro cell handover applies to the following scenarios: z z If an MS is moving fast in a micro cell. 3-31 . and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. A cell becomes the target cell if the previous conditions are met for Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time within Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. the decision on whether to initiate another type of handover is made.

When the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement reaches MS Fast-moving Watch Cells. 3. the fast-moving micro cell handover is triggered if the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement counted by the system is greater than or equal to MS Fast-moving Valid Cells. Limitations After the fast-moving micro cell handover is successful. the penalty is performed on all the neighboring micro cells. In addition. Penalty on Fast Moving HO is subtracted from the RX level of every neighboring micro cell.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Figure 3-9 Fast-moving micro cell handover Triggering Conditions If MS Fast Moving HO Allowed is set to Yes. Cell Layer and Cell Priority Through Huawei multiband handover algorithm. 2. the target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells. a proper traffic volume distribution can be realized among multiple frequency bands. they must be non-Umbrella cells. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm II. During Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO. When the triggering conditions of edge handover or PBGT handover are met. the fast-moving micro cell handover decision is started. that is.. the number of cells through which the fast-moving MS passes is incremented by one. the handover decision procedure of fast-moving micro cell handover is as follows: 1. Ltd. The cells counted by the system must locate at a layer lower than layer 4. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Filtered RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . In other words. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z z The target cell must be at layer 4. When the period during which the MS camps on the serving cell is shorter than MS Fast-moving Time Threshold. Umbrella cell. 3-32 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.64 A neighboring cell serves as the target cell if the previous conditions are met for HCS HO Valid Time within HCS HO Watch Time.

which are used in hot spots and blind spots.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Huawei multiband handover algorithm divides cells into four layers. The micro cells are generally DCS1800 cells having the small coverage feature. Figure 3-10 Cell layers In Huawei multiband handover algorithm. Triggering Conditions If Better Cell Handover Enable is set to Yes. 3-33 z z Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd. Layer 2: Micro cell. Layer 1: Pico cell. If the serving cell is not in the candidate cell list. 3. then the target cells must meet the following conditions: Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Layer 3: Macro cell. which are commonly used in current GSM system and serve majority of subscribers.4. They enable capacity expansion. which are: z z z z Layer 4: Umbrella cell. path loss is taken into consideration during the sorting of the serving cell and target cells. a GSM network covering a certain area is divided into four layers. Better cell handover is specific to handover algorithm II. with 16 priorities at each layer. the triggering conditions of better cell handover are as follows: z If Pathloss Ho. The pico cells are generally DCS1800 cells. Figure 3-10 shows the cell layers. This algorithm is applicable to complex networking scenarios. The cell at the lower layer has a higher priority. The Layer of the cell parameter specifies at which layer a cell is located. then the priorities of the target cells must be higher than the priority of the serving cell after the sorting.10 Better Cell Handover Better cell handover is an optimization of inter-layer handover and PBGT handover in handover algorithm I. If Pathloss Ho. If the serving cell is in the candidate cell list. Enable is set to Yes.. path loss is not taken into consideration during the sorting of the serving cell and target cells. The macro cells are generally GSM900 cells. The umbrella cells are generally GSM900 cells having the wide coverage feature. Enable is set to No. It also implements fast MS connection.

T_layer(N) indicates Inter-layer HO Threshold of the target cell. the following conditions must be met: SS_DL(N) ≥ T_layer(N) + H_layer(S) SS_DL(N) indicates the filtered BCCH receive level of a target cell. 3. H indicates Inter-cell HO Hysteresis of the serving cell over the neighboring cell. 3-34 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the triggering conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is full-rate speech version 3. z Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH Handover If the AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes. The target cell has the highest priority in the candidate cell list. the following conditions must be met: SS_DL(N) . − If the serving cell and the target cells are at the same layer and have the same priority.64 SS_DL(N) indicates the filtered BCCH receive level of a target cell. Time. H_layer(S) indicates Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis of the serving cell. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .3 Technical Description BSS Handover − Load Handover Support is set to NO.SS_DL(S) > H .4. Ltd. A neighboring cell becomes a target cell if the preceding conditions are met for Better Cell HO Valid Time during Better Cell HO Valid Time.. Threshold The preceding conditions are met for F-H Ho Last Time within F-H Ho Stat. Downlink path loss of the call ≤ AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold + path loss handover margin ATCB of the call ≥ AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold – ATCB handover margin Uplink signal quality of the call ≤ AMR F-H Ho Qual. Threshold Downlink signal quality of the call ≤ AMR F-H Ho Qual. SS_DL(S) indicates the compensated receive level on the downlink TCH after filtration. AMR TCHH-TCHF handover and non-AMR TCHH-TCHF handover The purpose is to improve the speech quality of the call if the cell load is low. or Load Handover Support is set to YES but the load in the serving cell is lower than Load HO Threshold. better cell handover can be triggered.11 Handover Between a Full-Rate TCH and a Half-Rate TCH Handover between a full-rate TCH and a half-rate TCH performs decision based on handover algorithm II. Types of handover between a full-rate TCH and a half-rate TCH are as follows: z AMR TCHF-TCHH handover and non-AMR TCHF-TCHH handover The purpose is to absorb more MSs and to reduce the cell congestion if the cell load is high. Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection are as follows: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. − If Load Handover Support is set to YES and the load in the serving cell is higher than Load HO Threshold. − If the serving cell and the target cells are at different layers but have the same priority.

the triggering conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is half-rate speech version 3. Downlink path loss of the call ≤ Non-AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold + path loss handover margin ATCB of the call ≥ Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold – ATCB handover margin Uplink signal quality of the call ≤ Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold Downlink signal quality ≤ Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold The preceding conditions are met for F-H Ho Last Time within F-H Ho Stat. 3-35 . MR processing. Ltd. an SDCCH handover involves measurement and MR reporting. and handover execution. the triggering conditions of non-AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is full-rate speech version 1 or full-rate speech version 2. Target Cell Selection Only the serving cell can be selected as the target cell of the TCHF-TCHH handover. Downlink path loss ≤ AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold ATCB of the call ≤ AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold Uplink signal quality ≥ AMR H-F Ho Qual. SDCCH handover helps improve the access success rate of the MSs on the edge of the network. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Threshold The non-AMR TCHH-TCHF handover is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met for H-F Ho Last Time within H-F Ho Stat. Regarding procedure. Downlink path loss of the call ≤ Non-AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold ATCB of the call ≤ Non-AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold Uplink signal quality of the call ≥ Non-AMR H-F Ho Qual. thus improving the network QoS. the triggering conditions of non-AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is half-rate speech version 1.12 SDCCH Handover SDCCH handover is a process in which the MS is handed over from an SDCCH to another SDCCH in an immediate assignment.. Threshold The AMR TCHH-TCHF handover is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met for H-F Ho Last Time within H-F Ho Stat. Time. Threshold Downlink signal quality of the call ≥ AMR H-F Ho Qual. 3. Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHH-TCHF Handover If AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes or Allow AMR H-F Quality-based HO is set to Yes.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Triggering Conditions of Non-AMR TCHF-TCHH Handover If the Non-AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes. The principle of SDCCH handover is the same as that of TCH handover. Time and Speech Version is half-rate speech version 3. handover decision. Threshold Downlink signal quality of the call ≥ Non-AMR H-F Ho Qual. Time and Speech Version is half-rate speech version 1.4. Triggering Conditions of Non-AMR TCHH-TCHF Handover If Non-AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes or Allow Non-AMR H-F Quality-based HO is set to Yes.

The handover decision algorithm for SDCCH handover is different from that for TCH handover in the following ways: z The algorithms for the following handovers support SDCCH handover: quick handover. better cell handover. handover due to no downlink measurement report. TA handover. BQ handover. 3-36 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . both SDCCH HO Allowed and Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed should be set to YES(Yes). interference handover.4. Ltd. edge handover. better 3G cell handover. Better 3G Cell Handover See 2G/3G Interoperability Feature Parameter Description. concentric cell handover. and fast-moving micro cell handover z The algorithms for the following handovers do not support SDCCH handover: enhanced dual-band network handover. handover between a full-rate TCH and a half-rate TCH. and tight BCCH handover 3. If an inter-BSC SDCCH handover is required.13 Other Handovers Other handovers here refer to better 3G cell handover and tight BCCH handover. load handover.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Whether an SDCCH handover can be performed is controlled by the SDCCH HO Allowed parameter. Tight BCCH Handover See BCCH Dense Frequency Multiplexing Feature Parameter Description.

and MML commands of each parameter.Preprocessing Transfer Original MR Transfer BTS/MS Power Class Sent Freq. For the meaning of each parameter. Current HO Control Algorithm MR. the transmit power of the TRX is lower. linear interpolation is performed for the values in the lost measurement reports based on the values in the two measurement reports preceding and following the lost measurement reports. or Pico layer other than the Umbrella layer. Whether to enable the BTS to transfer BTS/MS power class to the BSC Frequency at which the BTSs submit pre-processed measurement reports to the BSC Type of the measurement report (MR) reported by the MS If the number of measurement reports lost consecutively is no larger than this value. see Table 4-2. Level value of the penalty that is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located. This parameter is invalid when cells are on different layers. Micro. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro. see Table 4-1.. Transmit power level of the TRX. If this parameter is set greater.BSS Handover 4 Parameters 4 Parameters This chapter describes the parameters related to handover. Whether the BTSs send the original measurement reports to the BSC after pre-processing them. Table 4-1 Parameter description (1) Parameter Inter-cell HO Hysteresis Description Reduces ping-pong handovers between cells on a same layer. For the default value. Whether to use handover algorithm generation 1 or 2 currently Whether to enable the BTS to preprocess measurement reports. the lost measurement reports will be discarded. When this parameter is set to YES. This parameter determines where to conduct power control.of preprocessed MR Measurement Report Type Allowed MR Number Lost Power Level Penalty on Fast Moving HO Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Otherwise. If this parameter is set to 0. and the value will be recalculated when new measurement reports arrive. value ranges. the BTSs sends the original and pre-processed measurement reports to the BSC. the power is decreased by 2 dB. Ltd. At each level. the TRX transmits signals at the highest power. 4-1 .

no AMR FR-to-HR handover is allowed if the previous FR-to-HR handover fails due to channel unavailability or channel mismatch. Within the preset time. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro.. Micro. Ltd. the MS cannot be handed over to the OL subcell again within the value of the parameter.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Level value of the penalty that is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located. or Pico layer but not the Umbrella layer. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro. Period in which penalty is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro. This penalty helps to prevent the MS from making a second handover attempt to the target cell. Micro. Micro. or Pico layer other than the Umbrella layer. the MS does not perform OL subell-UL subcell handovers within the value of the parameter. After an OL subcell to UL subcell handover of an MS fails. such as resources being insufficient Timer of penalty on a neighboring cell when a handover fails due to faults of data configuration. Period in which level penalty is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located. An MS cannot be handed over from the underlaid subcell to the overlaid subcell in this duration after the MS is handed over from the overlaid subcell to the underlaid subcell successfully. Timer for punishing the neighboring cells when handover failures occur due to resource-related causes. or Pico layer other than the Umbrella layer. Timer of penalty on a neighboring cell when a handover fails due to faults of air interface connection. Penalty signal level imposed on a target cell to which the handover fails due to congestion or poor radio quality. Penalty on MS Fast Moving HO Penalty Time on Tast Moving HO Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO Penalty Time after AMR TCHF-H HO Fail Penalty Time on Interfere HO Penalty Time of UtoO HO Inter UL/OL Subcells HO Penalty Time Penalty Level after HO Fail UmPenaltyTimer RscPenaltyTimer CfgPenaltyTimer Penalty Time after OtoU HO Fail 4-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Specifies an interval between two consecutive interference handovers After an MS performs a OL subcell to UL subcell handover successfully.

the MS does not perform UL subcell to OL subcell handovers within the value of the parameter. the 3G neighboring cell will be removed from among the 3G candidate cells. Selects 3G candidate cells. the neighbor cell can be listed in the candidate cell queue for handover. thus avoiding ping-pong handovers. If the directed retry always occurs in some areas of a network. Whether to enable a directed retry. Ltd. RSCP stands for the received signal code power. consider adjusting the sector and TRX configuration and the network layout. You should not use the directed retry as a major means of solving traffic congestion. the neighbor cell can be listed in the candidate cell queue for handover. If the measured value of a 3G neighboring cell is lower than this threshold.. thus avoiding ping-pong handovers. This parameter specifies whether Ec/No or RSCP is used for the measurement report on a FDD cell. The directed retry is to hand over an MS to a neighboring cell in the same procedure as the handover. the 3G neighboring cell will be removed from among the 3G candidate cells. After a load handover succeeds. Minimum receive level offset If the uplink received signal level of a neighbor cell is greater than "Min UL Level on Candidate Cell" plus "Min Access Level Offset". The directed retry is an emergency measure applicable to abnormal traffic peaks in some areas of a radio network.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Penalty Time after UtoO HO Fail Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed Description After an UL subcell to OL subcell handover of an MS fails. the BSC punishes the former serving cell during "Penalty Time on Load HO" by subtracting "Penalty Value on Load HO" from the receive level of the former serving cell. Whether to allow inter-BSC SDCCH handovers If the downlink received signal level of a neighbor cell is greater than "Min DL Level on Candidate Cell" plus "Min Access Level Offset". Selects 3G candidate cells. If the measured value of a 3G neighboring cell is lower than this threshold. Min DL Level on Candidate Cell Min Access Level Offset Min UL Level on Candidate Cell FDD REP QUANT Min Ec/No threshold Min RSCP threshold Penalty Value on Load HO Penalty Time on Load HO Directed Retry Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4-3 . Ec/No stands for the signal-to-noise ratio. After a load handover succeeds. the BSC punishes the former serving cell during "Penalty Time on Load HO" by subtracting "Penalty Value on Load HO" from the receive level of the former serving cell.

Minimum interval between two consecutive emergency handovers performed by an MS. the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 2G cell as the handover target cell. When this parameter is set to Pre_2G_Cell. the BSC6900 can forecast the handover direction of the call in fast handover so that the best target cell can be selected for handover. the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 2G cell as the handover target cell. the BSC preferentially selects a 2G candidate cell as the target cell for handover.. Fast handover can be triggered only when the downlink level of the serving cell is less than this parameter. If the receive level of the neighboring 2G cell that ranks the first in the candidate cell list is equal to or smaller than this threshold. Otherwise. Inter-rat HO Preference HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell Min Interval for Emerg. the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as the handover target cell. This parameter indicates the geographical relationship between the neighboring cell and the serving cell. Ltd. HO Quick Handover Enable Quick Move Speed Threshold Quick Handover Up Trigger Level Quick Handover Down Trigger Level Chain Neighbor Cell Handover Direction Forecast Enable Chain Neighbour Cell Type 4-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description This parameter specifies whether a 2G cell or to a 3G cell is preferentially selected as the target cell for handover. the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as the handover target cell if the receive level of the neighboring 2G cell that ranks the first in the candidate cell list is equal to or smaller than "HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell". if direction A is selected. When this parameter is set to Pre_3G_Cell. When this parameter is set to Pre_2G_CellThres. Fast handover can be triggered only when the uplink signal level of the serving cell is less than this parameter. Whether to allow the fast handover algorithm A quick handover can be initiated only if the rate of an MS is higher than this parameter during a certain period of time. In the BSC6900. the BSC preferentially selects a 3G candidate cell as the target cell for handover. During this interval. then the reverse direction is B. no emergency handover is allowed. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Whether the cell is a chain neighboring cell Handover direction forcast switch. When this parameter is set to YES. Otherwise.

After the fast handover is successful. then the BSC6900 determines that the MS is moving to the Class B chain neighboring cell. the MS is handed over to Class B chain neighboring cell for successively P times. The TA is calculated based on the distance between the MS and the BTS. the greater the TA value is. to prevent ping-pong handovers. When the TA is higher than the predefined TA threshold. the MS is handed over to Class B chain neighboring cell for successively P times. P/N rule: Among N handovers. After the time advancing handover is successful. the received signal of the original serving cell is decreased by "Quick handover punish value" in "Quick handover punish time" after fast handover succeeds. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Quick handover punish time": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Quick handover punish value". To avoid ping-pong handover. The longer the distance is. then the BSC6900 determines that the MS is moving to the Class B chain neighboring cell. Whether to enable the time advance (TA) handover. Handover Direction Forecast Last Times Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times Quick Handover Punish Time Quick Handover Punish Value TA HO Allowed TA Threshold Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable Penalty Time after TA HO Penalty Level after TA HO Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. This parameter indicates N in the P/N rule for MS handover direction forcast. The TA handover determines whether the timing advance (TA) is higher than the predefined TA threshold. 4-5 . to prevent ping-pong handovers. This parameter specifies whether the handover from 2G cells to 3G cells is allowed. An emergency handover is triggered when TA is greater than or equal to the value of this parameter. After the time advancing handover is successful. to prevent ping-pong handovers.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description This parameter indicates P in the P/N rule for MS handover direction forcast. P/N rule: Among N handovers. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after TA HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after TA HO".. a TA handover is triggered. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after TA HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after TA HO". Ltd.

The value of this parameter corresponds to multiplying quality level 0 to 7 by 10. Threshold UL Qual. Downlink quality threshold for emergency handover. the BQ handover to the neighbor cell is triggered. The value of this parameter corresponds to multiplying quality level 0 to 7 by 10. Ltd. This parameter is represented as the product of 10 and a quality level that ranges from 0 to 7. An emergency handover can be triggered only when the downlink reception quality of an MS is higher than the value of this parameter. An emergency handover can be triggered only when the uplink receive quality of the MS is greater than the value of this parameter. The emergency handover can be triggered only when the downlink receive quality of an MS is greater(indicate bad quality) than this threshold. If ("downlink level of the neighbor cell after filtering" "downlink level of the serving cell (after power control compensation)") > ("Inter-cell HO Hysteresis" . which indicates a poor quality. The possible causes of BER increase (or quality degradation) include too low signal power and channel interference. emergency BQ handover is triggered. Downlink quality limit for emergency handover in an AMR half rate call. If the uplink or downlink BQ exceeds the BQ handover threshold. Limit for AMR FR DL Qual. An emergency handover can be triggered only when the uplink receive quality of the MS is greater than the value of this parameter. The value of this parameter corresponds to the quality levels (0 to 7) multiplied by 10. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Limit for AMR HR DL Qual. Downlink quality limit for emergency handover in an AMR full rate call. Threshold DL Qual. An emergency handover due to bad quality is triggered when the uplink receive quality is not smaller than "UL Qual. Whether to allow intra-cell handovers BQ HO Allowed UL Qual.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Whether to enable the bad quality (BQ) handover algorithm. which indicates a poor quality. Threshold". An emergency handover can be triggered only when the downlink reception quality of an MS is higher than the value of this parameter. The value of this parameter corresponds to the quality levels (0 to 7) multiplied by 10.. Limit for AMR FR UL Qual. Whether to trigger BQ handover depends on the uplink and downlink transmit quality (measured by using BER)."BQ HO Margin" + 64). Limit for AMR HR BQ HO Margin Intracell HO Allowed 4-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

. 4-7 . A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after BQ HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after BQ HO".. After a handovr due to bad quality is successful.. Ltd. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. Whether to use the emergency handover algorithm in case the receive level of the MSs drops rapidly.. to prevent ping-pong handovers. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. to prevent ping-pong handovers. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. the edge handover is triggered.. In the formula. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. Penalty Time after BQ HO Penalty Level after BQ HO Rx_Level_Drop HO Allowed Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold Filter Parameter A1 Filter Parameter A2 Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. If the UL receive level remains lower than the "Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold" for a period. thus preventing call drops. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description After a handovr due to bad quality is successful. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after BQ HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after BQ HO". Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. In the formula.

Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. In the formula. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt.. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + .. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly.. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. In the formula. Filter Parameter A3 Filter Parameter A4 Filter Parameter A5 4-8 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. In the formula.. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B.. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B.. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + .

Trend of the received signal level of the cell during a period. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. a more rapid signal level drop is required to trigger the handover due to rapid signal level drop. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. In the formula. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree.. If this parameter is higher. In the formula. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree... The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + .. This parameter helps to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. Filter Parameter A6 Filter Parameter A7 Filter Parameter A8 Filter Parameter B Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree.. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B... 4-9 . The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. In the formula. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. Ltd.

a fixed amount of offset is added to the corresponding grade of the received signal quality for the interference handover of non-AMR FR voice services. For AMR FR voice services. No-downlink measurement report emergency handovers choose the inter-cell handover mode preferentially. no-downlink measurement report emergency handovers are triggered. Duration in which intra-cell handover is forbidden after the number of consecutive intra-cell handovers reaches the maximum.No Dl Mr. Inter-layer handover threshold of a neighboring cell = "Inter-layer HO Threshold" + "Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis" .64. Decisions of no-downlink measurement report handovers can be made only when the number of consecutive no-downlink measurement reports in the current call is no larger than this parameter. intra-cell handovers are triggered. when the MSs are subject to all kinds of radio interferences. Hysteresis value during the handovers between cells on different layers or of different priorities. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Inter-layer handover threshold of the serving cell = "Inter-layer HO threshold" . Ltd. Interference HO Allowed Interfere HO Qual. This value is used to suppress inter-layer ping-pong handovers. if no candidate cells are available and intra-cell handover is enabled in the current cell.HO Allowed Limit 4-10 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..HO Allowed No Dl Mr. Thresh Offset for AMR FR Forbidden time after MAX Times Inter-layer HO Threshold Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis No Dl Mr. Intra-cell handover can be conducted again only after this duration.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Whether to allow the interference handover algorithm. that is. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Whether to enable the no-downlink measurement report handover algorithm. Handover threshold during the handovers between cells on different layers or of different priorities. When a certain number of no-downlink measurement reports are received consecutively and the uplink receive quality is no smaller than this parameter. Interference handovers are triggered when the receive level is higher than the receive threshold while the transmit quality is lower than the interference handover quality threshold.Ul Qual HO Limit Cons."Inter-layer HO Hysteresis". AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Thresh 1 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. This value is used to suppress inter-layer ping-pong handovers. however.

filtering is performed on the measured values in several consecutive measurement reports. the MS can be switched to the overlay subcell. some of the calls in the underlay subcell will be switched to the overlay subcell. Filter Length for TCH Qual Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. if the load of the overlay subcell is higher than this parameter. If the current system flow control level is greater than this parameter. Lower threshold of the overlay level during underlay-to-overlay handovers. For the purpose of accurately reflecting the radio environment of a network. In an enhanced dual-band network.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description Number of measurement reports sampled for averaging the signal quality on a speech/data channel. When the load of the underlay subcell is higher than this parameter. 4-11 . and channels in the overlay subcell will be preferentially assigned to calls initiated in the underlay subcell as well. the system cannot initiate an underlay-to-overlay handover. This parameter is used to determine whether interferences exist on channels. the handover between the underlaid and overlaid subcells due to low or high load in the underlaid subcell is not allowed.. This parameter indicates the number of measurement reports used for the filtering of the signal quality on signaling channels. When the receive level of an MS is higher than this threshold. Load HO Allowed UL Subcell General Overload Threshold Inner Cell Serious OverLoad Thred Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. thus increasing the load handover speed. Whether to switch some of the calls in the underlay subcell to the overlay when the load of the underlay is higher than this parameter When the load of the underlay subcell is higher than this parameter. Averaging the signal quality in multiple measurement reports helps to avoid a sharp signal quality drop due to Rayleigh fading and to ensure the comprehensiveness of a handover decision. Ltd. the underlay-to-overlay load handover period subtracts a period that equals "Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO" from "UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods" every second.

Lower threshold of the overlay level during overlay-to-underlay handovers. Ltd. Overlay-to-underlay load handovers are performed by levels. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . This parameter indicates the duration of each handover level. This parameter indicates the duration of each level. When the receive level of an MS is higher than this threshold. the BSC uses the hierarchical load handover algorithm to gradually switch some of the calls in the underlay subcell to the overlay subcell. To solve this problem.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description When the load of the underlay subcell exceeds "UL Subcell General Overload Threshold". some of the calls in the overlay subcell will be switched to the underlay subcell. and channels in the underlay subcell will be preferentially assigned to channel requests initiated in the overlay subcell as well. the MS can be switched to the underlay subcell. Level step during overlay-to-underlay hierarchical load handovers UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO 4-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. all the calls that are using this cell as the serving cell generate handover requests at the same time. the underlay-to-overlay handover period subtracts a value that equals this threshold from "UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods" every second.. If the underlay load is higher than "UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold". Level step during underlay-to-overlay hierarchical load handovers When the load of the underlay subcell is lower than this parameter. thus causing the handovers to fail. which will suddenly increase the load of the BSC and possibly cause congestion in the overlay subcell.

this threshold can be decreased accordingly. Threshold for downlink edge handover. co-channel interference. This parameter specifies the difference between the coverage of the overlaid subcell and the coverage of the underlaid subcell in the concentric cell or dual-frequency network scenario. If the downlink receive level remains less than this threshold for a period of time. over-coverage. the edge handover is triggered. If the PBGT handover algorithm is enabled. 4-13 . In addition. this parameter specifies the difference between the coverage of the TRX that carries the BCCH and the coverage of the TRX that does not carry the BCCH. If the PBGT handover algorithm is disabled.SS(n) < "Distance Between Boudaries of Subcells" . this threshold needs to be adjusted according to the handover performance statistics and actual network performance. to ensure uplink-downlink balance. In the tight BCCH handover algorithm.. Assume that the signal strength of the serving cell is SS(s) and that the signal strength of the neighbor cell is SS(n). Whether to allow underlay-to-overlay load handovers. This parameter helps to adjust "Distance Between Boudaries of Subcells" and thus to prevent ping-pong handover between the overlaid and underlaid subcells. and adjacent channel interference may occur when this threshold is set improperly. Ltd. the MS is on the boundary of the underlaid subcell. The relevant computation is the same as the preceding computation. the MS is handed over from the overlaid subcell to the underlaid subcell."Distance Hysteresis Between Boudaries". Assume that the signal strength of the serving cell is SS(s) and that the signal strength of the neighbor cell is SS(n). Hysteresis in the distance between the boundary of the overlaid subcell and the boundary of the underlaid subcell. the MS is in the coverage of the overlaid subcell. Whether a cell is an inner or extra cell in an enhanced dual band network.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description Distance between the boundary of the overlaid subcell and the boundary of the underlaid subcell. If SS(s) . If SS(s) = SS(n). If SS(s) SS(n) > "Distance Between Boudaries of Subcells". Distance Between Boundaries of Subcells Distance Hysteresis Between Boundaries Cell Inner/Extra Property Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The boundaries of the overlaid and underlaid subcells are determined according to the relative value between the signal strength of the serving cell and the signal strength of the neighbor cell.

load handovers can be performed only when the receive level of the current serving cell is in the range "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" to "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" + "Load HO Bandwidth". congestion occurs in the cell. all the calls that are using this cell as the serving cell generate handover requests at the same time. Otherwise. In the handover algorithm of the second generation.. In this way. the cell can admit the users handed over from other cells with higher load.64). the cell and TRX configuration of BTSs and the network layout should be adjusted. and balance the traffic load among cells. all the calls in the current serving cell whose receive level is in the range "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" to "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" + "Load HO Bandwidth" are switched to other cells. To solve this problem."Load HO Bandwidth" and ("Inter-cell HO Hysteresis" . In the handover algorithm of the first generation. This parameter specifies whether a traffic load-sharing handover is enabled. When the load of a cell reaches or exceeds "Load HO Threshold". the cell rejects such users. a "Load HO Step Level" is added to the upper handover threshold after every "Load HO Step Period". This parameter indicates the duration of each handover level. thus improving the network performance. In hierarchical load handovers. improve success rate of channel assignment. load handovers can be performed only when the level difference between the neighboring cell and the serving cell is between ("Inter-cell HO Hysteresis" 64) . the BSC uses the hierarchical load handover algorithm to control the number of users included in each level of handovers. If the load of a cell is lower than the value of this parameter. which will result in call drop. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . The load handover helps to reduce cell congestion. which will suddenly increase the load of the processor.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Load HO Threshold Description The load handover is triggered when the traffic load in a cell is greater than the value of this parameter. Ltd. The load handover is used as an emergency measure instead of a primary measure to adjust abnormal traffic burst in partial areas. starting from "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold". Load handover Load Accept Threshold Load HO Step Level Load HO Step Period Load HO Bandwidth Load Handover Support 4-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Under some circumstances. If load handovers occur frequently in a partial area.

System Flux Threshold for Load HO Inter BSC Load Information Allowed Edge HO Allowed Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Valid Time Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Watch Time Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time MS Fast Moving HO Allowed MS Fast-moving Time Threshold Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. if the conditions for edge handover are met for P seconds within N seconds. A time threshold determined based on the radius of a cell and the moving speed of an MS. According to the P/N rule. According to the P/N rule. A load handover is allowed only when the system flux is lower than the value of this parameter. the call may drop if the received signal level is too low. the edge handover algorithm is involved. the handover is triggered.. the edge handover to the neighbor cell is triggered. the edge handover is triggered. Whether to use external 2G neighboring cells as the target cells of load handovers Whether to enable the edge handover algorithm. Ltd. the BSC concludes that the MS quickly passes through the cell. the handover is triggered. 4-15 . Otherwise. According to the P/N rule. it concludes that the MS slowly passes the cell. thus reducing the handover times. When the uplink signal level of the serving cell is less than "Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold" or the downlink signal level of the serving cell is less than "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold". This parameter specifies the number P. When an MS makes a call at the edge of a cell. The fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm enables fast moving MSs to switch over to macro-cells. This parameter specifies the number N. To avoid such a call drop. Whether to enable the fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm. if a neighbor cell meets the conditions for selecting the neighbor cell for edge handover in P of N measurement reports. if the conditions for edge handover are met for P seconds within N seconds. This parameter specifies the number P. This parameter specifies the number N.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description The system flux level is the current flux control level of the system. if a neighbor cell meets the conditions for selecting the neighbor cell for edge handover in P of N measurement reports. According to the P/N rule. If the MS crosses the cell in a time period shorter than this threshold. the edge handover to the neighbor cell is triggered.

PBGT handovers are based on path loss. that is. which switches traffic to cells of a higher precedence (decided by "Layer of the cell" and "Cell priority" together). the BSC enables the fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm. and decides whether to perform the handovers. The triggering of inter-layer handovers must meet the P/N criteria. when the condition for inter-layer handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. A network basically consists of four layers. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .. The PBGT handover algorithm searches in real time for cells that have lower path loss and meet certain system requirements. when the condition for PBGT handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. Micro. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. an inter-layer handover is triggered. a PBGT handover is triggered. Umbrella. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. and Pico.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description This parameter is used in the P/N criteria decision: If an MS quickly passes through N out of P micro-cells lately. MS Fast-moving Watch Cells MS Fast-moving Valid Cells Layer of the cell Level HO Allowed Layer HO Valid Time Layer HO Watch Time PBGT HO Allowed PBGT Valid Time PBGT Watch Time 4-16 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. a PBGT handover is triggered. The triggering of PBGT handovers must meet the P/N criteria. that is. that is. when the condition for PBGT handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. Macro. This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. that is. PBGT handovers can occur only on TCHs and among cells on a same layer and a same priority level. Whether to use the PBGT handover algorithm. the BSC enables the fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm. This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. an inter-layer handover is triggered. This parameter is used in the P/N criteria decision: If an MS quickly passes through N out of P micro-cells lately. namely. The triggering of inter-layer handovers must meet the P/N criteria. Ltd. The inter-layer and inter-level handover algorithm is achieved through the setting of different layers and priorities for cells. The triggering of PBGT handovers must meet the P/N criteria. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. when the condition for inter-layer handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. To avoid ping-pong handovers. Whether to allow inter-layer and inter-level handovers.

This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. Ltd..BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description PBGT handovers to a neighboring cell are allowed only when the downlink level difference between the neighboring cell and the serving cell is larger than this parameter. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. an intra-cell F-H handover is triggered. PBGT HO Threshold Intracell F-H HO Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshold F2H HO Threshold Intracell F-H HO Last Time Intracell F-H HO Stat Time H2F HO Threshold TA HO Valid Time TA HO Watch Time Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Whether to allow AMR handovers. when the condition for intra-cell F-H handovers is met for P seconds during N seconds. that is. the TA handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions. the TA handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions. when the condition for intra-cell F-H handovers is met for P seconds during N seconds. This parameter corresponds to P in the P/N criterion. an intra-cell F-H handover is triggered. that is. The triggering of intra-cell F-H handovers must meet the P/N criteria. If the current TCH seizure ratio of the cell is greater than this threshold. This parameter corresponds to N in the P/N criterion. handovers to a neighboring cell with a lower level than the current serving cell are allowed. For an AMR call. an intra-cell H-F handover is triggered. That is. if the currently occupied channel is a full rate channel and the Radio Quality Indication (RQI) is always higher than the threshold set by this parameter. 4-17 . That is. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a TA handover. When the value of this parameter is smaller than 64. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a TA handover. Whether to enable the BSC to assign AMR half rate channels preferentially according to the channel types allowed by the MSC and the current TCH seizure ratio of the cell Load threshold for assigning half rate channels preferentially. if the currently occupied channel is a half rate channel and the Radio Quality Indication (RQI) is always lower than the threshold set by this parameter. For an AMR call. an intra-cell F-H handover is triggered. This parameter has no impact on dynamic non-AMR F-H handovers. amr half rate channels are assigned preferentially. The triggering of intra-cell F-H handovers must meet the P/N criteria.

a concentric circle handover is triggered. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a UL BQ handover.64. The triggering of interference handovers must meet the P/N criteria. This parameter specifies the number N. that is. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. when P out of N measurement reports meet the condition for interference handovers. if the conditions for emergency BQ handover are met in P of N measurement reports. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . when P out of N measurement reports meet the condition for interference handovers. if the conditions for edge handover are met in P of N measurement reports. the UL BQ handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions.. the UL BQ handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions. if the conditions for edge handover are met in P of N measurement reports. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a UL BQ handover. if the conditions for emergency BQ handover are met in P of N measurement reports. That is. Inter-layer HO Hysteresis BQ HO Valid Time BQ HO Watch Time Interfere HO Valid Time Interfere HO Static Time UL BQ HO Last Time UL BQ HO Static Time Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Valid Time Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Watch Time 4-18 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. This parameter corresponds to N in the P/N criterion. According to the P/N rule. that is. According to the P/N rule. This parameter specifies the number N. This parameter specifies the number P. This parameter corresponds to P in the P/N criterion. That is. According to the P/N rule. This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Hysteresis value during the handovers between cells on different layers or of different priorities. According to the P/N rule. the handover is triggered. the handover is triggered. This parameter specifies the number P. This value is used to suppress inter-layer ping-pong handovers. a concentric circle handover is triggered. the handover is triggered. the handover is triggered."Inter-layer HO Hysteresis". The triggering of interference handovers must meet the P/N criteria. Inter-layer handover threshold of the serving cell = "Inter-layer HO threshold" . Inter-layer handover threshold of a neighboring cell = "Inter-layer HO threshold" + "Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis" . Ltd.

If the path loss of an AMR full rate call is equal to or less than this threshold. HCS HO Valid Time HCS HO Watch Time Better Cell Handover Enable Pathloss Ho. the handover is triggered.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description According to the P/N rule. the handover is triggered. Ltd. the AMR call is handed over from full rate to half rate. Whether to enable the algorithm for the handover to a better cell Whether to perform path loss-based sorting in a better cell handover algorithm According to the P/N rule. if the conditions for the handover to a better cell due to interference are met for P seconds within N seconds. if the conditions for the handover to a different micro cell due to fast movement are met in P of N measurement reports. the handover is triggered. According to the P/N rule. This parameter specifies the number P. Threshold F-H Ho Last Time F-H Ho Stat. Time Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. if the conditions for the handover to a better cell due to interference are met for P seconds within N seconds. Enable Better Cell HO Valid Time Better Cell HO Watch Time AMR F-H Ho Allowed AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold AMR F-H Ho Qual. According to the P/N rule. Quality threshold for the AMR handover from full rate to half rate. the handover is triggered. the AMR call is handed over from full rate to half rate. ATCB threshold for the AMR handover from full rate to half rate. This parameter specifies the number N. if the conditions for the handover from full rate to half rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. If the uplink and downlink receive quality levels of an AMR full rate call are equal to or less than this threshold. This parameter specifies the number N. 4-19 .. the handover is triggered. Whether to enable the algorithm for the load-based AMR handover between full rate and half rate Path loss threshold for the AMR handover from full rate to half rate. if the conditions for the handover to a different micro cell due to fast movement are met in P of N measurement reports. the AMR call is handed over from full rate to half rate. This parameter specifies the number N. According to the P/N rule. According to the P/N rule. the handover is triggered. If the ATCB of an AMR full rate call is equal to or greater than this threshold. This parameter specifies the number P. if the conditions for the handover from full rate to half rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. This parameter specifies the number P.

the condition for non-AMR H-F handovers is met. the user meets the condition for H-F handovers. Ltd. Quality threshold for non-AMR H-F handovers. the handover is triggered. According to the P/N rule. Whether to enable the algorithm for the uplink and downlink receive quality based AMR handover from half rate to full rate Path loss threshold for the AMR handover from half rate to full rate. the AMR call is handed over from half rate to full rate. if the conditions for the handover from half rate to full rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. If the receive quality level of an AMR half rate call is greater than this threshold. When the ATCB value of non-AMR full rate voice is no smaller than this parameter. Quality threshold for the AMR handover from half rate to full rate. Threshold 4-20 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. If the path loss of an AMR half rate call is greater than this threshold. if the conditions for the handover from half rate to full rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. When the ATCB value of non-AMR half rate voice is no larger than this threshold.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Non-AMR F-H Ho Allowed Non-AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold Description Whether to allow non-AMR voice F-H handover When the path loss value of non-AMR full rate voice is no larger than this parameter. Threshold H-F Ho Last Time H-F Ho Stat. the condition for non-AMR H-F handovers is met. Time Allow Non-AMR H-F Quality-based HO Non-AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold Non-AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold Non-AMR H-F Ho Qual. If the ATCB of an AMR half rate call is less than this threshold. This parameter specifies the number P. the AMR call is handed over from half rate to full rate. This parameter specifies the number N. Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold Allow AMR H-F Quality-based HO AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold AMR H-F Ho Qual. the handover is triggered. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . According to the P/N rule. Whether to trigger non-AMR H-F handovers according to the uplink and downlink receive quality When the path loss value of non-AMR half rate voice is no smaller than this threshold. ATCB threshold for the AMR handover from half rate to full rate. the AMR call is handed over from half rate to full rate. When the receive quality of a user is no smaller than this parameter. the condition for non-AMR F-H handovers is met. the condition for non-AMR F-H handovers is met.

Thresh 8 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 2 for Non-AMR FR Description Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. 4-21 . AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Thresh 12 for Non-AMR FR Table 4-2 Parameter description (2) Paramet er Inter-cell HO Hysteres is Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) MOD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Impact 68 0~127 0~127 dB Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Thresh 4 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 11 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Thresh 10 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Thresh 7 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Interfere HO Qual. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Ltd. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate.. Thresh 5 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Thresh 6 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Thresh 9 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 3 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual.

Twice_ps(T wice every second). ComMeasR eport(Comm on Measureme nt Report) NO. Twice_ps. BTS_Prepro cessing(BT S preprocessi ng) NO(No). Once_ps(O nce every second).4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Default Value GUI Value Range BSC_Prepro cessing(BS C preprocessi ng).of preproce ssed MR Once_ps NOreport. YES None Cell Sent Freq. Once_4s(O nce every four second) EnhMeasRe port(Enhanc ed Measureme nt Report). Once_2s(O nce every two second). Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Once_ps. YES(Yes) Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact MR. YES None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell YES NO(No). BTS_Preprocessin g None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell Transfer Original MR Transfer BTS/MS Power Class NO NO. Once_4s None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell Measure ment Report Type ComMea sReport EnhMeasReport. YES(Yes) NOreport(D o not report). ComMeasReport None SET GCELLCCUTRANS YS(Optional) Cell Allowed MR Number Lost 4 0~31 0~31 None SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell 4-22 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Once_2s. Ltd.Prep rocessin g BTS_Pre processin g BSC_Preprocessin g.

4-23 ..BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Power Level Penalty on Fast Moving HO Penalty on MS Fast Moving HO Penalty Time on Tast Moving HO Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO Penalty Time after AMR TCHF-H HO Fail Penalty Time on Interfere HO Penalty Time of UtoO HO Inter UL/OL Subcells HO Penalty Time Penalty Level after HO Fail Default Value 0 GUI Value Range 0~13 Actual Value Range 0~13 Unit None MML Command SET GTRXDEV(Optional) ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) Impact TRX 30 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 30 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 40 0~255 0~255 s ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 40 0~255 0~255 s Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell 15 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOIUO(Optio nal) Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell 5 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 30 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er UmPena ltyTimer RscPena ltyTimer CfgPena ltyTimer Penalty Time after OtoU HO Fail Penalty Time after UtoO HO Fail Inter-BS C SDCCH HO ALLowe d Min DL Level on Candidat e Cell Min Access Level Offset Min UL Level on Candidat e Cell FDD REP QUANT Default Value 10 GUI Value Range 0~255 Actual Value Range 0~255 Unit MML Command SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOIUO(Optio nal) Impact s Cell 5 0~255 0~255 s Cell 255 0~255 0~255 s Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell 40 10~255 10~255 s SET GCELLHOIUO(Optio nal) Cell NO NO(No). EcN0(Ec/N0 ) RSCP. YES(Yes) NO. YES None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLCCUTRANS YS(Optional) Cell 0 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 0 0~63 0~63 dB Cell RSCP RSCP(RSC P). EcN0 None Cell 4-24 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

YES None Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Pre_3G_Cell. 4-25 . Pre_3G_Cel l(Preference for 3G cell). Pre_2G_CellThres None SET GCELLHOUTRANF DD(Optional) SET GCELLHOUTRANT DD(Optional) Cell HO Preferen ce Threshol d for 2G Cell Min Interval for Emerg. YES(Yes) Pre_2G_Cel l(Preference for 2G cell). YES None Cell Inter-rat HO Preferen ce Pre_2G_ CellThres Pre_2G_Cell.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Min Ec/No threshol d Min RSCP threshol d Penalty Value on Load HO Penalty Time on Load HO Directed Retry Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLBASICPARA( Optional) Impact 10 0~49 0~49 dB Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell YES NO(No). HO Quick Handove r Enable 25 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOUTRANF DD(Optional) SET GCELLHOUTRANT DD(Optional) SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 0~60 0~60 s Cell NO NO(No). YES(Yes) NO. Ltd.. Pre_2G_Cel lThres(Prefe rence 2G cell by thresh) NO.

QUICK_HO _NCELL_TY PE_B(QUIC K_HO_NCE LL_TYPE_B ) QUICK_HO_NCEL L_TYPE_A. YES(Yes) NO.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . YES None Cell Chain Neighbo ur Cell Type QUICK_H O_NCEL L_TYPE_ A QUICK_HO _NCELL_TY PE_A(QUIC K_HO_NCE LL_TYPE_A ). QUICK_HO_NCEL L_TYPE_B None ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell Handove r Direction Forecast Last Times Handove r Direction Forecast Statistic Times 3 0~16 0~16 None SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 3 0~16 0~16 None SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 4-26 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. YES(Yes) NO.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Quick Move Speed Threshol d Quick Handove r Up Trigger Level Quick Handove r Down Trigger Level Chain Neighbor Cell Handove r Direction Forecast Enable Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 35 0~600 0~600 m/s SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 50 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 50 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell NO NO(No). YES None Cell NO NO(No).

YES(Yes) NO. YES None Cell 30 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell YES NO(No). Ltd.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Quick Handove r Punish Time Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell Quick Handove r Punish Value 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell TA HO Allowed TA Threshol d Inter-RA T Out BSC Handove r Enable Penalty Time after TA HO Penalty Level after TA HO BQ HO Allowed UL Qual. YES None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 60 0~70 0~70 None Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. YES(Yes) NO. YES None Cell 255 0~255 0~255 bit Cell NO NO(No). Threshol d DL Qual. YES(Yes) NO.. Limit for AMR FR YES NO(No). 4-27 . Threshol d UL Qual.

. Limit for AMR FR UL Qual. YES None Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 4-28 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er DL Qual. YES(Yes) 0~127 NO. Limit for AMR HR DL Qual. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . YES(Yes) NO. Ltd. YES dB None Cell Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell NO NO(No). Limit for AMR HR Inter-cell HO Hysteres is BQ HO Margin Intracell HO Allowed Penalty Time after BQ HO Penalty Level after BQ HO Rx_Leve l_Drop HO Allowed Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshol d Filter Paramet er A1 Filter Paramet er A2 Default Value 60 GUI Value Range 0~70 Actual Value Range 0~70 Unit MML Command SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 4 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 69 NO 0~127 NO(No).

. 4-29 .BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Filter Paramet er A3 Filter Paramet er A4 Filter Paramet er A5 Filter Paramet er A6 Filter Paramet er A7 Filter Paramet er A8 Filter Paramet er B Interfere nce HO Allowed Interfere HO Qual. Thresh Offset for AMR FR Forbidde n time after MAX Times Default Value 10 GUI Value Range 0~20 Actual Value Range 0~20 Unit MML Command SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 0 0~200 0~200 None Cell YES NO(No). Thresh 1 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. YES None Cell 60 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 5 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 20 1~200 1~200 s Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. YES(Yes) NO. Ltd.

Ltd. step:480 for TCH and 470 for SDCCH ms SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell 2 1~32 1~32.HO Allowed No Dl Mr.Ul Qual HO Limit Cons. YES(Yes) NO. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . YES(Yes) NO.HO Allowed Limit Filter Length for TCH Qual Filter Length for SDCCH Qual.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Inter-lay er HO Threshol d Adjacent Cell Inter-lay er HO Hysteres is No Dl Mr.No Dl Mr.. Load HO Allowed UL Subcell General Overload Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact 25 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 67 0~127 0~127 dB ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell NO NO(No). step:480 for TCH and 470 for SDCCH ms SET GCELLCHMGAD(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell YES NO(No). YES None Cell 80 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 4-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. YES None SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) Cell 50 0~70 0~70 None Cell 8 0~64 0~64 None SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) Cell 4 1~31 0~31.

BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Inner Cell Serious OverLoa d Thred Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshol d UL Subcell Load Hierarchi cal HO Periods MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO UL Subcell Lower Load Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 90 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 10 0~11 0~11 None SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 30 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 90 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 5 1~255 1~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 1 1~255 1~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 5 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 50 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4-31 . Ltd..

Extra None ADD GCELL(Mandatory) Cell NO NO(No). Ltd. YES(Yes) NO. Extra(Extra) Inner. YES None SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 20 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 90 0~100 0~100 None Cell 4-32 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) ..4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO Distance Between Boundari es of Subcells Distance Hysteres is Between Boundari es Cell Inner/Ext ra Property Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshol d Load HO Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 25 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 10 1~255 1~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 5 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 2 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell None Inner(Inner).

YES None Cell 10 0. YES(Yes) NO.8~11 0. step:0. 4-33 . YES(Yes) NO. YES(Yes) NO. 8~11 None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell NO NO(No).5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) Impact Load handove r Load Accept Threshol d 80 0~100 0~100 per cent ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell Load HO Step Level Load HO Step Period Load HO Bandwid th Load Handove r Support System Flux Threshol d for Load HO Inter BSC Load Informati on Allowed Edge HO Allowed Handove r Algorith m I Edge HO Valid Time 5 1~63 1~63 dB SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 10 1~255 1~255 s Cell 25 0~63 0~63 dB Cell NO NO(No). Ltd. YES None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32.. YES None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell YES NO(No).

step:0. YES(Yes) NO.5 s ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell 6 1~32 1~32. 3.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Handove r Algorith m I Edge HO Watch Time Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time MS Fast Moving HO Allowed MS Fast-mo ving Time Threshol d MS Fast-mo ving Watch Cells MS Fast-mo ving Valid Cells Layer of the cell Level HO Allowed Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 6 1~32 1~32. 4 1.5 s ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell NO NO(No).5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd. 3. 4 None Cell YES NO(No). step:0. YES None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 15 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 3 1~10 1~10 None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 2 1~10 1~10 None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 3 1. step:0. YES None Cell 4-34 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 2.. 2. YES(Yes) NO.

step:0. step:0.5 s Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4-35 .5 s Cell YES NO(No).BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Layer HO Valid Time Layer HO Watch Time PBGT HO Allowed PBGT Valid Time PBGT Watch Time PBGT HO Threshol d Intracell F-H HO Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshol d F2H HO Threshol d Intracell F-H HO Last Time Default Value 4 GUI Value Range 1~32 Actual Value Range 1~32. step:0. YES(Yes) NO. YES None Cell 4 1~32 1~32. YES None Cell ON OFF(Off). step:0. step:0. ON(On) OFF.5 Unit MML Command ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLCHMGAD(Op tional) Impact s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. ON None Cell 55 0~99 0~99 per cent SET GCELLCHMGAD(Op tional) Cell 25 0~39 0~39 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell None 1~32 1~32.5 s Cell 68 0~127 0~127 dB Cell YES NO(No).5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. Ltd.. YES(Yes) NO.

step:0.5 s Cell None 1~32 1~32. step:0. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .5 s Cell 1 1~8 1~8. step:0.5 s Cell 3 0~16 1~16.5 s Cell 1 1~16 1~16.5 s Cell 2 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 1 1~16 1~16. Ltd. step:0. step:0.5 s Cell 2 1~16 1~16. step:0. step:0. step:0.5 s Cell 1 1~16 1~16. step:0.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Intracell F-H HO Stat Time H2F HO Threshol d TA HO Valid Time TA HO Watch Time Inter-lay er HO Hysteres is BQ HO Valid Time BQ HO Watch Time Interfere HO Valid Time Interfere HO Static Time UL BQ HO Last Time UL BQ HO Static Time Handove r Algorith m II Edge HO Valid Time Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Impact None 1~32 1~32. step:0.5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4-36 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 s Cell 1 1~8 1~8.5 s Cell 12 0~39 0~39 None Cell 1 1~16 1~16..

step:0. YES(Yes) NO. step:0.5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. Enable Better Cell HO Valid Time Better Cell HO Watch Time AMR F-H Ho Allowed AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshol d AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact None 1~32 1~32.. 4-37 . YES(Yes) NO. Ltd. step:0. YES(Yes) NO.5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 2 1~16 1~16.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Handove r Algorith m II Edge HO Watch Time HCS HO Valid Time HCS HO Watch Time Better Cell Handove r Enable Pathloss Ho.5 s ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 3 1~16 1~16. step:0. YES None Cell 4 1~32 1~32. step:0.5 s Cell YES NO(No). YES None Cell NO NO(No). YES None Cell 100 0~255 0~255 dB Cell 20 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 s Cell NO NO(No).

. YES None Cell 95 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 30 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell NO NO(No). YES(Yes) NO.5 s Cell NO NO(No). Time Non-AM R F-H Ho Allowed Non-AM R F-H Ho Pathloss Threshol d Non-AM R F-H Ho ATCB Threshol d Allow AMR H-F Quality-b ased HO AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshol d AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 0 0~7 0~7 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32. YES(Yes) NO. YES None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 108 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4-38 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er AMR F-H Ho Qual. step:0. Threshol d F-H Ho Last Time F-H Ho Stat.5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. Ltd. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . step:0.

YES None Cell 103 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 14 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 2 0~7 0~7 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 50 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. YES(Yes) NO.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er AMR H-F Ho Qual. step:0. Thresh 2 for Non-AM R FR Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 3 0~7 0~7 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32.5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. Threshol d H-F Ho Last Time H-F Ho Stat. 4-39 . Threshol d Interfere HO Qual. Time Allow Non-AM R H-F Quality-b ased HO Non-AM R H-F Ho Pathloss Threshol d Non-AM R H-F Ho ATCB Threshol d Non-AM R H-F Ho Qual. step:0.5 s Cell NO NO(No).

Thresh 6 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 4 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 8 for Non-AM R FR Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 49 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 48 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 47 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 46 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 45 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 44 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 4-40 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Interfere HO Qual.. Thresh 5 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 3 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 7 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Ltd. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .

. Thresh 11 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Interfere HO Qual. Ltd. Thresh 12 for Non-AM R FR Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 43 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 42 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 41 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 40 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4-41 . Thresh 9 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 10 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual.

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Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. see the BSC6900 GSM Performance Counter Reference.BSS Handover 5 Counters 5 Counters For the counters. 5-1 . Ltd..

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see the Glossary.. Ltd. and definitions. terms.BSS Handover 6 Glossary 6 Glossary For the acronyms. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. abbreviations. 6-1 .

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58 Base Station Controler .08 Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification BSC6900 Feature List BSC6900 Basic Feature Description BSC6900 Optional Feature Description BSC6900 GSM Parameter Reference BSC6900 GSM MML Command Reference BSC6900 Performance Counter Reference Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BSS Handover 7 Reference Documents 7 Reference Documents z z z z z z z z 3GPP TS 08. 7-1 ..Base Transceiver Station (BCS-BTS) Interface Layer 3 Specification 3GPP TS 04. Ltd.

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