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E.EGGFE$GES; Simple Stress Simple Strain Torsion Shear and Moment in Beams Stresses in Beams Beam Deflections Restrained Beams Continuous Beams Combined Stresses Reinforced Beams Past Licensure Exams

*

*"=L,#
gq*:

7
Snlutions To problenrc ut
a

TABTE OF CONTENTS

STISDiTGTH OT'

MATDnIAIS
Chapter
1

SIMPLE STRESS

Page

ilo.

Reserved. No part of

Copynght 1984 by Venancio I. Besavilla, Jr. All Righs

reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, o, in any fonn or by any 'n"uor, photocopying, recording, or otherwise. without the prior wnnen permission of the publisher.

this publicutioo ;;;;;

*orJ*d. .l..oooj.-;ffi;;

Analysis of lnternal Forces Simple Stress Shearing Stress Bearing Stress Thin-walled Cylinders

1-3 3-8 8-15

15-22 22-30

ChapEr 2

SIMPLE STRAIN 'Deformation
31-3?

Stress Strain Diagram

Axial

3249
50-52 53-76

Poissons Ratio

Statistically I ndeterminate Members
ISBN 971- 8510_20_6

Thermal Stresses
Chapter 3

77-102

TOB$ION Torsinal Stress
Flanged Bolt Couplings Tbrsion of Thin Walled Tubes Helical Springs

103-r23
123-130 131-132 133-139

Chapter 4

$HEAR AND MOMERIT IN BEAMS
140-162
162-165

Shear and Moment Diagrams Moving Loads

Chrpbr 5

STRESSES IN BEAMS 166-177
178-181

Stresses in Beams

Economic Seetions Floor Framing

Unsymmetrical Beams
Shearing Stress Flexure and Shear Spacing of Rivets or Bolts
Vl_B.^Publisher 12 Sainr Jofu1 S6eet, Don Buso Vrllage rura pnDesa Cehu City. Tcl 2.1 2-)gl J

182-189 190-198 199-205.

205-211 212,215

Chapter 0

BEAM OEFLECTIOruS Double Integration Methsd Moment Diagram By Parts Deflection of Cantilever Beams

216-232 233-238 239-249

F:.*

S
Ghapter 7 RESTRAINED BEAMS Redundant Supports in Propped and. Restrained Beams Ghapter 8 c0trtTttrtu0us BEAMs Factors For The Three Moment Equations Application of Three Moment Equation

I. I.JNITS COMMONLY USED IN STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
To change lb. to rg.

250-278

100Ib. = 100 .)) 100Ib. = 45.45 kg. To change kg. to Newton 50 kg. = 50 (9.807) 50 kg.= 490.35 N To change psi to kg/cm2 100 psi = 100 2.2 (2.54) -=- (2.s4)
100 psi = 100 (0.07045) 100 psi = 7.045 kg/cm2

279-283

283305

Ghapbr 9

COMBINEO STRE$SES Combined Axial and Bending Stresses Application of Mohrs Circle

306319
320-335

Ghapur

l0

RElllf 0BCED
of Different

BEAMS

Beams

lVtaterials

Shearing Stress and Deflections in Composite Beams Reinforeed Concrete Beams

336346 346€50
350-361

To

change kg/cm2 to N/m2 or Pa or KPa or MPa

500 kg/cm2 = s00 (9.807) !1q0)' 500 kg/cm'1 = 49035000 N/m2 500 d/cm'? = 49035 KN/m2 500 kg/cm2 = 49035 KPa 500 kg/cm2 = 49.035 MPa

To change ftJb to kg.m 2,000 ft-lb = 2090 , -, 2.2 (3.28)
2,000 ft-lb = 2000 (0.1345) = 268'96 kg-m

To change ftJb to N.m 300 ft-lb = 300 (9.807)2.2 (3.28) 300 ft-lb = 300 (1.359) 300 ft-lb.= 407.72 N.m To change psf to kg/m2 100 psf = L00 (3.28)'?
2.2 100 psf = 489 kglm2

Ghapter
PROBLEM IO3.

I

Stnp|e Stress
To change psf to N/m2 (e.soz) 199 100 psf = 4795.62y111n2 To change psi to pa 100 psi = 1:0_0 (9.307) (100), 2.2 (2.s4) (z;sfl)

p'l=

1c0 (4.8e)

Determine the largest weight W which can be supported by the twc wires shown. The stresses in wires AB and AC are not to exceed I00 MPa and 150 MPa, respectively. The cross-sectiona-l areas of the two wires are 400 mmz for wire AB and 200 mm2 for wrre AC.

p'i = 100 (6e0e.4e) 199 100 psi = 690949 pa ! 690949 100 psi = 690.949 Kpa
To change Joules to N.m 100 joules = 100 N.m To change J/s to watts 100 joules/s = 100 warts

N/_,
Solution:
Consider the FBD of joint A with x

*

qxis through AB as shown

[2Y A0'sin

0]

75o

=
ol

W'sin 600

To change N.*/, to wams
100 N.m/s = 100 warrs

AC

IEH AB cos

=

0.897W

30o =
0.732W ASI

AC cos

45o =

(0.S97W) cos 45o

To change N.m/s to hp 400 N.m/s = 40C warts 400 N.m/s = 400 0.536 = hp 746

AB

=

lP =
for AC:

-lMPa=1N/mm2
E, = 200,000 N{Pa fbr steel

= AC *
AC
0.897!V

(200X1s0) 50,000 N

=

30,000

30'

W=
for ABr

53,445 N

= AB =
AB
0.732 W

rt00(100) 40,000 N

=

40,000

W=

54,645 N

Therefore the largest sate w^ight W

=

SS,44S N

100(4) | ' RF = .r.uss F'or BD: I shown. lor the ocE SCE = 3s(I000) ".nrpre.s.T. BF. and CI' so that the srresses will not exceed I00 MN/m2 in tension reduced stress l)M" .li.72kN (T) The stresses: P -l d 24nnn ^J JE 6i The araar: l._62. a 52.ol 8a Bl'" _:(62.l !'it0tllI:i\{ t 0rl. calculate the st BD. . The cross. PROtsLlM 105.5 kN (C) a through mernbers BD. *-pr"ssion. BE (4) = Resolve BD into its components at B [)Mc 3 ol Rr=180 .U 625mm? .180 kN d or 80 MN/m2 . CD.. For tlie truss shown.5) = 40+50 p BE '1" loo I KN 50 kN @ = TC 96.15 kN (C) = 42.5(10@) ^BE -Td6'. A 2aue) Solu in specified to. BF. -Itr For CF: 't P s-l for DF: Uhr c _ ur -_ 225(1000\ sz.a throuEh mernbers tsE..sectionar area of tensron (T)or cc..?9+ffiqee) = 80.. and Pass the cutting plane consider the FBD of right segment.: I'or C[: t"r.tlT::::I .5 kN (T) IIV .ssion (C).avoid the danger of buckling.t: Yt3 BD iJD (6) + 2oa7) = lso(6) 2/JBno I IE BF = 62.:. ar...5 MPa (T) sBD SBD = -.5 Mpa (C) ^cF Rr=180 kN 60 = = 656mnZ SDF = For BE: a = . "o-pr"Jon t tioii: cutting phne a .ol RF (10) .ol cF (8) = 4Q3) t 50(6) cF .s (1000) 3m 200 kN ]200 i87...1Mpa(C) Solution: Consider FBD of whole tru:. and consider rhe FBD of the right seg[nent Pars the Consider FBD of joint F IIV = ol l8o 100 5DF = D DF = 22s kN (C) 200 kN lxMB . determine the cross-sectional areas of bars BE..'ll -lzoo-112. and CF.d CE Resolve BE into its cornponents at joint E [)Mo= cE(4) = CE 0j rso(s) lIMr = c ol 50(3) 3m -_ tss kN (T) .

J mm in rection. Soludon: 0.OOO - or') A=i [P = ASI . ilf* fi. Determine the inside diameter of the crlunrn if its outside diameter is 200 mm and the limiting compressive strefs ir 50 MPa.OOON 3571.72 (roool.@O -Dr.i .lo2-(0.Tii ffir* g Solution: A =T (Dz2 (4O.6PXO. of the pin-conneded frame shown .se D = 112. the m5almun rafe load lSo. AB= psin0 = 0.8) = Asl (30x60X80) 24O. Ann = PROBLEM 106.tlo.4 mm .6p) cos g= (O.o.48P PP - = (sOx60[100) s7s.6p(C) BC Concider FBD of joinr A DI = PROU.ooo-orr) 40.2 = pcose = .EM lot.8P : p for AC: p0r6OXE0) lg0.O0O 0. o"termioe the rnaxrnum witl not orcced lo0 r"nrion or 80 MN/rn2 3" .64D21 firercforu. ffiffitr *r. = lP -AC for AB: (0.6P = p = for BC: N AB=0.Or') zso(looo) Solution: Consider the FBD and force polygon for joint B = o1 {40. = 42?.r For BF: PR.ooo N A= = sszl.' = 183. tlO s0oQ000) 0.ar1g. to.4 lSokN f.6P ls= ir = A .4mn2 0.80)21 = ito'-0.4 mm 6366.000 .oooN = o2l f. Asume the wall thickness to be one-tenth of the outside diarneter.OBLEM 42.2^^2 A cast-iron column supports an a:dal compressive load of 250 kN.Dt2) (50) s00o = f.48P (T) Determine the outside diameter of a hollow steel tube that will carry a tensile load of 500 kN at a ctr€ss of 140 MPa. 100 I(n.

.8 65. woiqhts of the mernbers. of the hmyiest cyhnder which can be placed in theposition shown in the figure without exceeding a stress of s0 MN/mz in the eabre BC. 54g. Part of the lancling gear for a liqht plane. X.000 N For Steel: 150 P =2P 400 30. The cross:sec.EM t09. !rrtt)ltt.miee the compressive stress in th PROBLEII III.y attached between an alurnrnurn rod and a hronze rori as shown ia the figure.:fi1tr Solution: l)'Mc = (P sin 55..lsoj = z0(b50) inrs 4 5 ol G)+7a61 36.i. D.t" n.is shown in the figure. = 16.P 209 Solution: P . For PROBLEM II2.g nrrnZ R=20 kN T l\ g-P [s= ir n sMpa 6.. Determine.81)/1000 A steer tutn is rigrc. are applied at the posirions indicated.the stress in the cable.5O0 N (rnaxirnurn safe value of p) p = 4- . Aluminurn: gO _. of B0 Mpa.000 N For Bronze. I00 =JL s0o l Z. The bar is supported by a pin at B and a l0-mm-diameter cable CD.t.7i | 10.l ol W= 150(9.l." alurrunum. s'incr .J':J#r"""Tr1oJ.81yI000 kN P . in steel oitSO Mpa.839 kN nt1oyz-porz..i . n\trolz 87. s*ut AB rr.08 MPa W=150 (9.125 kN A^'lI4 r(s) = W 6. Solutirrn: A homogeneous 150-kg bar AB carries a 2-kN force as shown in the figure.PROtll.llll -illjil-qggf 549.t p that wilr not exceed a . no"i fo"a. reactiou R = 20 kN. or in bronze of 100 il:: Solurion. Determrne tne weight tionat area of cable BC is lO0 mm2..81e (looo) 2kN s .uo^u* r"ir" . Nbglect the weight of bar AB.

T =
P(4)
P

Sqtoo)=
ol
5000(8)
10,000 N

soooN
Shearing Stress

flhrn =

= =

PROBLEM

Conddcr FBO of cylinder

W=

poose
ro,ooo

,/,/ ' As in the figure shown, a hole is to be punched but of a plate
stress

tJ"

)

w=
W=
PROBI.EM

1$1
ths wsight of heavieet cylinder

having an ultimate shearingrstress of sOo Mpa. (a) If tlre compressive in the punch is limited to 400 Mpa, determine the maximum

6,000N _

thickness of plate from which a hole 100 mm in diameter can be punched. (b) lf the plate is I00 mm thick, compute the smallest diame: ter hole which can be punched. Solution:

II

as shown in the l";:i,:,L:*"*:ronar tocatiori;;r;#.*,Tl: * o" u., r,,o strcssas in the cabres flTjffi.;]ril,T:,T^rlf AC and BD ara arca psun. Dctermine tho magnitude p and

A l00O.kg hornogeneour ber Ag is ruspended from two cabler AC

fi;r:

(a)P = P =

AS

p = nI troo)2 t*oo)
1,000,000nN
From shearing of plate,

limitcd to l0O Mh and

SO

l[p", ,.rp"*t*"fy.

= 40,000 N TB = (400X50) = 20,000 N w = (1000[9.6r)= gOrON tEt/ = 0f P+W = TA*TB P = 4o,oq)+2o,ooo-gglo P = SO,I9O N
(4OOXIOO}

[P = 'tA =

Asl
l8m

A! = rDt

= l00at
(l0Ort)(gOO)

P = t (b)P P P P

AsSs

1,000,000a

=

33.33 mm

= -

AsSs

(rDt)Ss
rD(10)(300)
3,0O0zD

Sheared

'@

,, Compressive area area 7ra'zl4

t&e =
S0,190(r) +

ol
9$l0(l)

from compression of punch.

I :

=

P =
ZO,OOOIZ{

AS

0.602 m

p = fio2gooy
P = l@rD2 lOOrD2 = S00OzD D = 30.0 mm

I

I

l0
PROBI.EM I16.
gear described in hoblem 109, thc bolr at A end B and thc one at C is in douHc dnar. Computc tha rhear arc in dn$c rcqrdrrd diametcr of tlress bolts if the allowable drcaing str€$ ir 50

PROBLE}I I15.
The end chord of a timber truss is framed into the bottom shord as shown in the figure' Neglecting friction, (a) compute dimension b if the allowabte shearing stress is 900 kpa; dimension c so that thsb€aring stresr does not ""d'6tl;;*rnine exceed T Mpa. Scilution:

In the landing

IvfPa.

Solution:

tEMc - 0l
(P sin P=50 kN

53.i)(450)

=

20(650)

P - 36.125.kN IXV = .01 Cv + 20 = 36.125 sin 53.10 Q1 = 8.889 kN

tD{ =

ol

CH

36.f 25 cos 53.10

c}| =

.21.690kN

R"=JCg"*Cvo
= 1f(t6eF*la.ea Rc (a)
From rhearing
'

=

23.44 hN

for bolts.at A and B (ringlc drear):

= Ps =
Ps

P = D =

AS

for bolt ar C (doubb rhorr):

AsSs

pcos S0o

loo0(36.12s) =1
(t5o b) (0.9) S2l mm
30.33 rnm

f

o2ylsoy

2s.4t (looo) =

( ozy 1so)2

b (b) Pb

50 cos 30o

(lo0o) =

D =

17.3

nm

Sn,7S mm, say

From bearing

=

AbSb

50 cos S0o

(l0oo)

s =
L.-

=
say

(150c) (Z)

41.24 mm,

42 m;n

A 750-mm putl€y, loadcd ar rhown, in keyed to a drdt of 5o-mm diarrctcr. Determinc thc wilth b of thc 7S-rnm-long hct if the dlilable drcaring cttrs ir 70 MPr.

I

.rr
Solution

l0 kN

t3

(a)

P = d =

AS
(Ta211too1

ltr]lo =
P = P b -

0l

P(25f + 6(s7s)

=

3r.r77(looo) =
10(375) 19.92 mm

60kN AS
(b)

$ = A

p

(doubleshcar)

60(1000)
Il.4

=
mm

(75b) (20)

52.9U (l000)

fttzotz tzt

=
IROBLEM IIS.
The bell *ank shown is in equilibrium. (a) Determine the requirod diamctor of tho oonnecting rod AB if its axiar stress is limited to loo MN/m2. ft) Deterrnine the rhearing str6s in the pin at D if its diameter is 20 mm. Solution:

&4.33 MFa

PROBLEM I19.

\y

The mass of the homogenous bar AB shown in the figure is 2@O kg. Tta bar is supported by a pin at B and a smooth vertical surface at A. Determine the diarneter of the srnallest pin which car, be used at B if itr rhear stre$ i8 limited to 60 Mh. lhe detail of the pin supf,ort at D ir idsntical to urat of the pin support at D shown in Problenr ll8. Solution:

[El{n =
zOaP

0l
5o rin eoo 1zao1

=

P =
= DH =
DH

31.177kN

W= (2000X9.81) =
B"=
w

19,620 N

IEH t:v-D, =
Ru

ol
+ 30 cor 600

=
ol

19620N

3l.l7V

46.177kN

IrMn
BH (8) +

-

ol

19,620(3)

=

19,620(6)

30 sin

={ 1116.1712+es.9l)2 RD = 52.984 kN

r-TE--

600 =

25.980 kN

Bn

=

RB= RB=

457.5 x (?357.ilz + e9,62.012
20,954 N (double rhoar) c21 qeoyzy

lP: ASI
20,954

= ([
14.9 mm

d :

By=19.620 N

t4
PROBLEM I20.
PROBLEM

I2I.

I

yn_ ^,,

$ansverse section of area A is Ss p sin 2A =

Two block of wood, 5O mm wiie and 20 mm.thick, are glued together as shown in the figure. (a) Uring the frce-body diagram conthe shear loa* and from it the shearing stress in the lept: letermine glued joint if p = 6000 N. (b) Generalizc the procedure of part (a) to show that the shearing stnrs on a ptane inclined at an
angle

is

u*d

A rectangular piece of wood, 50 mm by 100 mrn in crosr-section. as a compression block as shown in the figure. Determine the

|

0

maxirnurn axial load P which can be safely applied to the block if the compressive stress in the wood is limited to 20 MN/m2 and the shearing strcs parallel to the grain is limited to 5 MN/m2. fire grain rnakes an angle

to

a

of 20o with the horizontal,

as

shown. (Hint: Use the rcults

of

2A.

hoblem 120.)
5.;lution:

Solution:

(a)

Shearing force

From cornpression

V= V= V=

P cos 60o P cos 600

=

60@cos600

p : p :
_ rs
f-:

P =

SA
(20x50)(100) t00,000 N

3000 N

From shear

Shearing stress

ss=
Ss =

=

Psin20 __1]-* 2ASs srn20

X

150 (20) ., ;;;60 -30092.598 Mpa

P _ 2(soxr0o)(s)*
sin 40o

$ =
(b)

Shearing force

P ;

7778.6N
BEARING STRESS

V =

Psin0
PROBLEM I23.

Shearing stress

Ss=
Ss

Y A

_

psin0

6;r
v-

A

c- -_

%

PsinOcos0
A

Sin2O 2sin0cosO

In thc figum thown, ututno lhat a 20'mmdiemrter rivet joinr thg platcr which arc crch 100 mm widr. (r) lf thr rllowabh rtrorc rrt l{0 MN/m2 for bearing in the plate material and 80 MN/m? for shearlng of the rivct, determine the min'imum thickness of each plate. (b) Under the conditions specified in part (a), what is the largest average tensile shess in lhe Plates
Solution:

Ss

_

p,_gin2e

2A

For the lap joint in hoblem 124. 6olution: rqd rh€ (a) Fron shcering of tho riwu P=AS rhearing rtre*s in each rivot (a) P= P = 20 mm O Rivets f. Solution: {c) rnaxrrnurn ave.tSS N From bearing of plate Ab sb sb =t = D = -iElln0L (?0x25x3) $b 33. A: $= esJ (prcjected area ofrivet hole) 50(r 0001 {ro0x8.j.tzolzool P = D25.33 MPr P_ t (b) (dt) Sb . @12(6oxs) 56.05 MPa . fusuming that p . phtGs to ll0 MPa. Assume that the ao. tho boaring rtrrer i! th.e8) .----r--- O) Frcn bearing of the plater ) P = P = AbSb iQo)t G) P= (2ox2sxlloxs) 165.7 l6 (a) From shearing of rivet p = AsSs (b) bldag*rrrh crh pbt.{s ---- (5oxl ooo . (b) the beaririq strers in each pl. the shearirrq stress in each river. determirre (a.age tensire stress in each piate.98 mm = = (l3o Tensile suess in the plate P - 2OX2s) mt 2?5}mm2 A /i.18 MPa $= PnoBtEM l2S. The lap joint shcwn in the figtrre is fastened bv ihree 20.549 N ^P : 55 . drtrrmhe tho maxinun rafr load P which may b applicd if thc strering strur in thr rivetr b limitd to 60 MPa.al load P is distributed equally anong the thre€ rivcts.00 MFa \-/ pROBLSM s24. p = f.:c 5s . xd the rwrag€ tcnrilc rtras in thg pla$ to lrl(} MPe. 2LITL vt8 35. .rte. 50 kl.(20xs 718 mm2 27W 18.139 = (20t) (140) = $= \"t A -L\'t 8.. (c) Maxinutn tcnrilc rtrsr in each platc 25.rnmdi"rrneter rlvets.000 N 53.

ts Anut =--il3o-20. and (c) the outside diameter of the washers if their inside diameter is 28 mm and the bearing stress is limited to 6 MPa.89.625MPa P shearing stress in the threads sq _ Ss = (c) (e) Milirnrun diarneter of bolt (double shear) 34(1000) r (18.5 (1000) = (22.28 mrn .teox2) C pl= Pbr 22.366 MPa outside diameter of washer Pb = AbSb P - AS 34(rooo) = trc. Determine (a) the shearing stress in the head of the bolt. 27somm2 22.37 t) (l4O) \ = 8. The nut is tightened to cause a tensile load in the bolt of 34 kN. Solution: (a)' shearing stress in the head of the bolt Ss=-. Using allowable stresses of Ss = 70 MPa and Sb = I40 MPa.0O0 N From tcnrion in the plater r'rr0lil-EM 127.2-mm-diameter bolt having a diameter at thq root of the threads of 18.549 N (shearing of the rivets govern) ii. The figure shows a roof truss and the detail of the riveted connection at joint B.(2s) = p : (2750r(140) P = p : gB5.140 Mpa. rlution: ln the clevis shown in the figure.E? mm T tu' . rnaximunr rafe load 56.l16.67 55(lo0o) = (t ot.37 t yokrl PROBLEM I28. A Therefore. AS sc _ 'Ss = (b) 34(1000) n (22.44 mm (b) thHnrrofchyohr AbSb s5 T= = 27. how many l9-mm-diameter rivets are required to fasten membcr BC to the gusset plate? Member BE? What is the largest average averag€ tensile or compressive stress in BC and BE? Ab= dt 27.2)(12) 4O.6)(16) 36.5 kN (tor rrsh 22.6 mm is used to fasten two timbers as shown in the figure. deterrnine the minirnurn bort dir. rneter and the minim.7 l8 (c) P = \. PROSLII|. (b) the shearing sftess in the threads..'rn thicknrcs of each yoke that will support a load P = 55 kN without exceeding a shearing strers of z0 Mpa and a bearing strorr of ._ Q8)21$) 5666.(2q21 = d .

BE and BC.000 ABSb n = P 96.03 rivets = = f.000N P .31 rivets n - 5. oeP (zo) (n) PgC = 96.20 2'!.61 rivets AbSb (22X6XtaO)(n) = (19)(t3)(raO)(n) n = 2. and con- lEMn = = ol Repeat Problem I28 if the riv6t diameter is 22 mm and all other I aE 1ey 96(4) data remain unchanged.19 Use 5 rivets for member BE Use 6 rivets for member BC . the cutting plane a _ a through members BD.AsSs 96. From Steel Manual (Appendix B of textbook) Area of 75 x75 x 6 mm = Area of 75 x75x 13 mm = B64mm2 1780 mm2 Tensile stress in BC: e=f "t An".9 MPa sider left segment.000 (tension) 4.000 3. = 864-(19X6) s . lzz)2lzo)t") P 80. = PROBLEM 129. An". BE = 80 kN (compression) Solution: For member BC: for BC: P - AsSs = 96(1000) f. 44.= S Q=-"cA = 75omm2 96(1000) 750 128 MPa Compressive stress in BEI p Solution: Consider FBD of joint C s -c = -99G!99) t7B0 BC Pass = 96 kN (Tension) S.

5000.r 22 Tensile stress 23 st P nrotlLEM 132.t"-' .1.5000. Determine the maximum internal pressure which can be applied if the stress in the steel is limited to 140 MPa.p (500)(3000) F .01 rivets s"= s"= s" t P A 80.2MPa PROBLEM I33.000p T = 750.'iolution: s. .000 732 lSt.000pN 2T= F = 1. At what angular velocity will the stress reach 2OO MN/m2 if the mean radius is 250 mm' Solution: F = pA= p -r* F-p=p+ s-l A 4 (a) F = *T*2 F = (pv) ?'" (.l5 MPa For member BE: Pgf P 8o.)2 n 'c.000N AsSs (compression) Use 4 rivets for BE = = f. 4 Anet \"t Anet = = 864 .' p '2 _ I = .998 rivets 44.000 p (20x3000) rl = 1.000 1780 | s-A 4O P AbSb (22)(13)(IaO)(n) = 750.94 MPa P = ll.(22)(6) 732mm2 A cylindrical pressure vessel is fabricated from steel plates which have a thickness of 20 mm. The diameter of the pressure vessel is 500 mm and its length is 3 m.WALLED CYLINDERS PROBLEM 13I. show that the stress in a thin-walled spherical shell of diameter D and wall thickness t subjected to internal pressure p is given by g = PD/4t. THIN. 2pAv2 pAvz .ooo = 80.000 p F-pDL n = P 80.000 3. tzz)ztto)t") Compressive stress: F-pDL F .= Dt 96. Solution: Find the limiting peripheral velocity of a rotating steel ring if the allowable stress is 140 MN/mz and the mass density of steel is 7850 kg/ms. F = F = 1pr A s=PE nDt S = -44 4t rD2 2'" r^) -nr"2 v- .

62 (1000) w =. ^ r=pT nD2 (zrD)(200X1000) N = whA 98r0(i 2)(8X0.88 N D = UseD 0. If the tank is to be completely filled.77 mm .5.v rc = 250 w = 638.64m For girth joint.27 z(aso)(1000) p=pDL - -A water tank is 8 m in diameter and 12 m high.sxlo6XDXl) = 0.47 rad/sec FROBLEM I34. determine the minimum thickness of the tank plating - D= (l. Determine the maximum diameter of the cylindrical tank if the internal pressure is 1. ./ = nvr' PROBLEM 135.001) 94r.7 24 =lA i c pAv' '- .55m S40= = T 0.5 rD2 = (zrD)(200.000 470.62 m/sec v=tcw 159. whereas for the girth joint it is 200 kN.55 m/sec ^2.3rn (maximum diameter) A 470.000) F 2P P F = P 941. 2 A Substitute values. if the Solution: F t: stress is limited to 40 Mpa.76 N T = F-T e-' (1. (b) 2O0x 106 = 785Ov2 v = 159. I40 x 106 = 7850v2 The strength per meter of the longitudinal joint in the figure is 480 kN.88 (t) (t ) t= II.5 MN/ v - 133. Solution: For longitudinal joint F=27 PDL = .76 x to61 n? = 200..

s86(23A6\ 43.74MPa l7 bolts .=10 450 130 A spiral-riveted penstock 1. How many 40-mm diameter bolts must be used to hold the cap on if the allowable stress in the bolts is 80 Mpa.25 MPa.99lN stress due to steam pressure $= SST= Final stress - Initial stress 80-5s 25 MPa AS (b)2T= F T = PDL 2T= F = PDL 2(21.sx430) 21.26 27 PROBLEM 136. PDL. and what will happen if the steam pressure should cause the stress in the bolts to be twice the value of the initial stress? stress? l.or helix is 3 m.270 2(tL) PD S T = St = Tn= n Cinrcumferential sffess 2t ASt (10X23. steam at 3.5 m in diameter is made of steel plate thick.25 MPa (3.EM 137. Using Ss = 70 MPa and Sb = MPa. A gasket is inserted between the flange at one end of the pipe and a flat plate used to cap the end.99I N Bearing of rivets Solution: AbSb (10)(20)(la0) 28.416 16. {zo)2tto) T = T = ? = T = 21.586 TE s= r = f. of the rivets along the seam for a water pressure of I. Neglect end thrust.2sX1s00XL) L = 23.9911 = (1. l+o)zlzs) 'T s-.2 n Use n -zlbt-75.5n r = f.270 N UseT = 2l. The spiral seam is a single-riveted lap joint consisting of 2O-mm-diameter rivets.7 rtm : 3I. of which 55 Mpa is the initial what circumferential stress is developed in the pipe? why is it necessary to tighten the bolts initially. t'ttoBI.46 mm = PDL 2 s ^ 5. Whatis l0 mm the circumferential stress? i i< rlution: Shearing of rivets lsl --T-l F-4DL tf T = AsSs nD=1.46) St 3L.416 N F 508.- 5.5 Mpa has an outside diameter of 450 A pipe carrying mm and a wall thickness of l0 mm.sXFX43o)2 508.99t = 93.000 N (a)F' = p= Bolt (s. determine the spacing. The pitch of the spiral.

?MPa.6. The tank shown in the figure is fabricated from 10-mm steel plate.1200L T = 600LN T.2) t(4oo)(6oo 458.0.0$'i = (1.19 T = 42.6 mm F .cb (30.796 N + [t+ootzl ] I = -(6e63_l(339l 5 .(10)(11.t 138.cnShearing of rivets of J.A-b.I2OOLN 2T = F .= AsSs [ rcof oot i:leariug of rivcts I = T = T = 7T .6) St 438. Determine the maximum longitudinal and circumferential stresses caused by an internal pressure un"i"ffi-- Solut..000N -W H00nm-----J r. wite all other data remaining PROBLEM I39.2XI000 L) 'F=pA F . = A.pA * 1 L3 .0) 42. Solution: I .153.25)(t000i L L . using a 2-m-diameter penstock fastened with 30-rnm-diar'eter rivets.28 PIIC3t_E!.ongitudinal stress = F = pDL 2(42.|'7 .St 600L = (10 LXSI) St = 60 l4Pa \_ .)A ASt ASC nrm = = [(600)(2Xi0) + ( 00 r)(r0)] se say S = 78 mm St = 125 Mpa Se = 17.86 MPa Circumferential stress F = (t.796 (1. Repeat Problem lsrr.0C0 N UseT = 42.e63 Circurnlerential itress: Ff' = F (loxgg.

_AS ". so it governs the thickness of the plate. r . Solution: MN/m2 was observed to be 167 x l0-o m/m and at a stress of 14C MN/m2 it was 667 x. If the proportional limit was 200 MN/ m2. 380. is suspelded verlicallv from one end. and a unit mass elonqation is ..straintest.l0-6 m/m. circumferentiai stress is critical. Determine the minimum thickness of plate which may be used if the stress is limited to 40 MN/m2 and the internal pressure is t.5MN/m2. what is the modulus of elastiiity? What is the strain corresponding ro a stress of 80 MN/m2: Would these results be valid if the proportion' al Durrngastress. show also that y = M :l i' t)'tl' : . The tank shown in Problem 139 is fabricated from steel plate. rlrrtion: f = pA (l. i. show that its total t/ . ir g I'z12E.95 x 10-6 m/m A uniform bal of lenqth L.. I'rrolil-EM 203.theunitdeformationatastressofSS limit were I50 MN/mz? From Problem 139.75 mm 500 x 10-6 m/m (r40 - 35) AS los MN/m2 .S tr67 - 167)4 10-6 F - F = l500LN 2T = P = 1500L T = T50L T = ASt 7s0L = (tLX40) i = 18.30 Ghapter 2 Simp|e Strctin PROBLEM I4O. = aE \s E S 105 = 5OO x 106 " lOd 210 x t09N/m2 = EE 80 x 106 = (210 x tO91€ € I'R0BLfM 204.sxr000 L) A€ = AE = A.ic lutic. cross-sectional area A.lf the total mass of the bar is M.

stxl5o)2 (1000) Y.32 PL AE dy = PgAxdlt AE PROBLEM 206.33:nm .Er M P = AS fr. l03r ) '2 Y 50 r.) Y PL =ar (2000x10xr0001 (a a') (200 x 10") itaZ 2000 N Solr.tic:.. Neglecting the weight of the wire. determine the required diameter if the s6ess is not to exceed i40 MPa and the toti I elongation 20OO is not to exceed 5 mm.4. 2 (200 x tO9.ensileloadof t+l: W=pgfu sLz 2E Solution: from stress M= "2E .05 mm 5.26mm from elongation. It suppor.d having a cross-sectional area of s00 mm2 and a re. T N :# =# p ]t= Jo'*o* N.05 mm Y=Y.33 + 50 54.d )(140) d . . (Hint: Use the results of hoblem 204.rgth of i 50 m is . Assume E = 200 GPa' Asteelwirel0mlonghangingverticallysupportsa.33 mm "!!_ AE (20xr000x150xi00i (30c)(200 i. A steel r.. If the unit mass of steel is 7g50 kg/m3 and E = 200 x 103 MN/m2.: d= Used = 5.1Y^ r4 v Ir L _ - ^^r2 .'.ts a load of 20 kN at the lower end.rm 4. find the total elongation of the rod. v __ 7dsox9.uspended vertically from one end.rvt) 2F. PROBLEM2O5. PAL p sL2 x . MqL 2AE N 200 =( 4.

Use E = 200 Gpa. i0-) 7 T = 53.IfE=70EPa. 0.796-0. ttreaxialloadsatthepositionsshowninthefigure.i.30 (335.000xr000) (160X70 x 1.750) (100. m PROBLEM 209.liM 208. SolveProblem20sifthemagnitudesoftheloadsattheendsare interchanged.5+r.4 kN.5)(0.786 mm (8oo) (200 x to5.536 3.30.compute the total deformation of the bar.889)(zrx1s00X80) 535.530N = = = = F (0.5kN 2.e.iftheioadattheleftendisl0kNandthatatthe rioht end is 35 kN . PROBLEM 207.5 mm in diameter.333 N 2T = P .34" t't{( )trl.750) 75.101) y = y = 100.571 = = _ 1500 mm (160X70 x 1500 mm i0") ? (80)(r0) mm2 (TX1s00 z ) v1 = 2. what torque is required to twist the tire relative to the wheel. 80 mm wide. If the coefficient of static friction is 0.75 mm (elongation) 100. and of 1500 mm inside diameter.536 mm (10. a An aluminum bar having a cross-sectional area of I60 mm4 carries A steel tire. is heated and shrunk onto a steel wheel 1"500.571 mm T Y=AE Y1 PL (3s000x800) zr L A r. y= y= p (ts00.000x600) (160X70 x 10") = 0.101 N N = Total deformation N= F= F= F= Torque Torque Torque Y1+ Y2- Y3 uN 0..s - 1500) I.5 mm Yz= (20. Assume that the bar is suitably braced to Prevent buckling.333) = p(1s00)(80) v !2= t3 r3 -_---------?.pDL 2(s3.()lution. Solution: v l!AE 7r l. 10 mm thick.889 MPa (0.

A.9MN each member: Frlm strer.000 for aluminum: P" = A"S" = P 2p = P Zp (60cX80) 24.83 x 103 MNim2.000 N ._a P Y = Yy-!-2-Y3 y = 0.9f x I0-") q P 28.607 mm (contraction) y = (2.m tube is fastened between a steel rod and a brirnze rod as shrwn.82xt0-51r (2 P) (1000) Vg = I. = Ars.91 x10-o)P (contraction) allowabley = 2mm E-qE (4. / AS] for Bronze: An alumin.875 y = 1. Assume that the assenrblv is suitably braced to Frevent bucklinq and_that Es^= 200 x I03 MN/m2. and Eb . Pb = AbSb jp = P : (4s0X120) 18.67 x 10-5) P P).0!9x600f z (160)(70 x I0") mm (4.446-r.67 xlo-D)P .7L4mm F------__? ---------T (300X200 x I0") (2.000 N for steel: P.(4.'rom total deformation '"= '1 Yr r AE y= y= I0") 2 ys (r0. Iind the value of P ihat wili not exceed a maximum overall deformation of 2 mm -or a suess in :he steel of I40 MN/m2.(600) .(5 (4s0X83 x to51 (2P) (800) V^= -z V^= V= (s00xl000) Ys= (I60X70 x 10") O.76x I0-")F ) = P = [? = (6.446mm vb= Yb= v^ d l!s.000x800) (160X70 x Vr-Y6-Yu 4=450 Bronze Aluminum Sleel m2 A=600 mm2 4=300 mm2 Ys= O.714*a.82x lC-") P c y = -(6.gth of PROBLEM 2IO.0r)0 N Therefore. safe axial load P - 18. (900Xt40) 21.76 x tO-5t ---_. v = A.875 (600X70 x 10") Total deform"ation. Ea = 70 x lOs MN/mz. or in rhe brorue of 120 MN/mz. in the aluminum cf g0 MN/m2.fillul Solution: PL- r()n: tt' : l.xial loads are applieC at the positions indicated.

is horizontal before the load is applied.s) Y= PROBLEM 2.s (30. Compute the vertical displacement of the roller at C. Solutign: _5 vs = *-5* Ps = iw . / The rigid bar AB..81mm iiolution: 2I/ )Ma - o A uniform concrete slab of mass M is to be attached as shown in the figure. If the Ioad P = 50 kN.s) 37.I Q?E\ .= D PL\ AE = (As)(200) w) (6) *Xs) (.= U 1.Pa The rigid bars shown in the figure are separated by a roller at c and pinned ar A and D. Determi'e the ratio of the areas of the rods so that the slab will remain level after it is attached to the rods..000x3000) (300) (200 x 1051 Pa= .W I. determine its vertical movement.5 kN 23 PY= Y. A steel rod at B helps support the load of 50 kN.*o P(3) v=Y 5d ( 2s (4.5 I (57s00x3000) (300X200 x ro51 50 kN Y.875 mm By ratio and proportion: 'c 4.5 mm . to two rods whose lower ends are iniciaily at the same lever. /.- /'- -1q Ps t.AE -t = PL .18 PROBLEM 2II.5 -= c Y. I J -g_(Aa) (70) Aa AS 6."/"\J (4. 3 o 25 kN I'ItOBLEM 213. tt= P=50 kN (s) . 0l w (3) 2 Y=E PL. attached to two vertical rods as shown in the figure. Solution: Pa(5) = 50(2) Pa = 20kN Ps+Pa = 50 Ps = 50 -'20 Ps = 30kN [) Pa M.

= (300) (200 x tc31 O.7L4x I0-5. . ad I'.Efvl215.1 A- tuL + # D -d 42 . if its verticar maximum force p movement is limited to round bar of length L tapers rurifor.v--vz 2g 0. l0--5 p whrch can be apolied as shorvn rigid bars AB and CD shown in the figure are supported by pins at A and C and the two rods.286mm (s00X7O x tO5) y-d *v -s = o.lrr tion ^ T'L NE ng 0 Aluminum E=70 GPa Fs (6) : P P r3) dS -= P.000Xr[000) d (5OOXZO d x tO3.6*.rljne the elongation caused by en axiai tr:nsile 1.365 N PROBLEM 2I4.he 5 mm.314 + 1. : -* d5 = 4P NL 1.786 =-Ll . 6.m l2(s.40 (20.5 %(2va+vs) Y2 's1 iV.? x to=s. P ) (2000) Ps i^l i'Y. (. Neglect the weights of all members. Plar ltl.lx Ps= GPa mm2 .ivtc . .rne end t{ Solution: ^E.5475x 76. il vp v P - Y.786 mm (5. = tM^ A Pa ra rd d5 0 Ps = (3) p t-- (6) l-= '2 P ) (Yr) Dd L PL EE r--.-1. Determine rhe T.8r4 n. P (2000) _ p mm Ps=P/2 2.Zes] (L667 x t0-51e mm y^ v = = 0.7!4x ro-5) p + (1.aly fi im a diameter D at to a smaller diilnr:ter d ar :he otlrui. \ i-l' li ]. I)e el .

are pinned together at B to carry a vertical load p = 20 kN. If each rod has a cross-sectional area of 4. zE(D-d) 4PL2 trE(D-d) z E (D + (D + (D .143mm (elorgation) x21 Ygc (20.= 70 x 103 MN/mz. qb = 4P L2 . A uniform srender rod of length L and cross-sectionar area A is rotating in a horizontal prane about a verticar axis thr'ugh one .arl _l lr q _ .000) (3000) (40oX7o x tc31 P = (pAx)(1"-.p . y= y= = pw2 2E pw2 L [2Lx * _t *3'rt ILx' -3 J" *21 d* [(al . show that the total elongation of the rod pw-L"/3E.S0o.000(2000) (400X70 x 105) vec I. As shown in the figure.d)*l-2 a.lrB dx ldt + (D-d)xlz 6* 5= 64P L2 -% T fdl. two aluminum rods AB and BC./l'. end.Q0 mrn2 and E.d)x) 'Jo 'lL 2E PWZL3 5E (dL+(D-d)x i-1 .)6- 4pLz f t -a. a constant angular is P=20 kN Solution: P P = ma n v= -AE (p Ax) (r w2) PL (20.)w2 YRg Yer = p v= -AE b._ *S PL [2rx * 2.l{(tltl. compute the deformation "EIDE 4PL LDL D''l J dLJ 6= 5- .429mm (contraction. If the unit mass of the rod is p. and it is rotating at velocity of w rad/sec.EM 217. of each rod and the horizontal Assume Q = S0o and e . hinged to ligid supports. LdL-L +TD-IL - 4PL2 r1 rd- l.E (D:s LTd 4PL nEDd and vertical displacement of point B. PROBLEM 2I6.

5 Cos d + 0.60-d = 60-53. with E = 200 x tO3 tvtN/ 45o and e = 50o.932 kN [)H.41 30o = DI IV .75 s TJgg* .587 = 3.r43 Cos d i[{J)['l \4?2-= Cos(r20 $) L5 cos (120 = cos 0 I.. all other data remain unchanged. Solve Problem 217 if rod AB is -3.299 Sin tan = Cosd Cos d Cos d f. = BC cos bfj = c.' 53.143 P -i-DB = 2.I43lCosd SB Cos (l2Q * /) r.429 = ffi d) 1.5 [ -0.866 Sin d] = -.595 Cos 6. = SB Sin 0 = 3.L43 75o = o] AB = 17.0"75 Cos 1. COs .932 cos 45o BC = 14.595 Sin 6.412 mrn (leftward) Sv= 3. Assume a= of steel.410 6 2.595 mm 9 .571 mm (downward) l't{oBLEM 2lg.5870 SB Cos p O.6.641 kN \= "AE .5870 Sh= Sh= Sv. + L299 Sin $ liolutron: = / = L75 Cos d lxv AB sin ol 20 sin 600 " = 't". = 2.429 >u = 2.1r331 SB = 3.5 [cos 120 cos d + Sin t20 Sin d] i.

369 mm (downward) SB sin 0 I:431 sin 170 0.641X2000) (400X70 x to31 diameter d at the other.rq - PI.966 sin d By ratio and prop6rtion = = = I.557 cord r=9:A yL v x = (D-d)i- I. If P is the unit mass.672 JIJ Solution: cos(105-/) cos9.0. dr-x W = _dL*(D-qu L-- p= PSV . is suspended vertically from the large end. find the elongation caused by its own weight..46 SB 0.816 0.6) cos 105 cos d + sin i05 sin d .932X5000) (400)(2000 x to3... cos(i05 L046 SB ^ \= "AE . 0. - _ d) = 0.259 cos / + 0.046 AE / I.431 mm SB cos P 1.672 wdY L. A round bar of length L.672 SB= SB Sv Sv Sv Sh Sh Sh c"r 6P 1.418 mm (rightward) SAB SAB SBC (r 7. tapering uniformly from a diameter at bnce end to a smaller D (r4.557 cos cos(105.6 oz-+5 170 d+x = d+ryIt _ = - r.672 = __ cos d 0.672 mm (elongation) I'ROBLEM 219. Use this result to determine the elongation of a cone suspended from its base. SBC Cos d 1.43I cos 17o I.557 cos 6 1.966 $+ /lJ_ = 620 45.046 mm (contraction) 0.816 cos tan 0 a d _ 0.966 sin d 1.

2 6E ps + 2a5-soa2 n(o r*+g-_qu'z. A W - a)2 ry{ ld pgv 3 + (D - d)vJ2 + dL ldL + (o (dl+(D-+ry'J -d) y + (p -d)2y2 + . + (dL A [ (ar + 2dL (al)2 + al(D _ d)y w A W ryt @. 3ED(D -0) L--__ rrsL2 5E .2dtr 1 6E I D(D-d)z J pgt2 lo2*oa.) pgt2 1 (P . .aXP2 + Pd . { (D .l2 3(D -d)'E L 2 Et . = tb [(D+x)2+d(d+*)*a2l = ftto -ay s1o -a.r. ^ J E dI. islI):er J Ddv ? lAr-. f{pf z Pg 1""' * ut"' D s1o-a. J (D -d)v + dL J w = ps Wtg+x)2+d(d+x.7 For a frustum ofa cone.g(D -Ps tro-d)y+dr.lilllil.d]yl * a2L2 {. = *."r I G. v = ff.+421 (D -d)L + dL ) GU' 2 (dL)3 A= W .ro. $**)2 s1n-a1"Et Butd+x = dL+(D-d)Y w .r2 f.Z f'p(p+d)-2d2 I 6E L D(D-d) r ps\z.. v v = t* rf !r'f * r*f .f za2 T 6E L D(D-d)J 6E lffia.. j pgr2 a2 3 E D(D iv Pr pg r(D-d)yn.)s _.-.zEt z * .)s pq .psv A--3W 1 [dt (o + a)v] 2 + {J dt .l J pgr.t--oinry .zg-o JD -d)dy t(D -d)v + c.d)v + dI.l2 2 5(D -d)'E L (dL)2 .t on {tto-d)Y+dLl * ar1 (au3 t(D -d)y + 1 dr.I-G.lL :eyl {.L + 1aL)2] sqal121 snazr2 -J 2 1 J pgl.fl(D-d)L+dt."Yr'(dl)g t(D .d)gvs * sal (o -a)2 y2 * g(al)2(D _d)v .Ll" (dl.. L 1o3t2 za3u2 2D 3(D -d)zE * lotl' D.l' +1n2+12+p1. I - PsL'(D+a) 6 H (D -:--:-- t - 0) 3s-Llmf.l rl. * d2 t.(dL)3 + * (dl. -d) y -. Ps ..d)y * rt dt12 1 psLr(D+d) 6E(D-d) l'()l rl d Cotle.-zPe -FJ .i1 ps 6 (dL+(D -qy12 1 -E.l r _d) f A Substitute H 0 ..za? I 1 (D A .r--qrg-g1.

4d' Sx= v=-ErEy =y-v aluminum block is 100 mm lOng in the X dilection.' Solution: POISSONS RATTO: BTAXIAL AND TRIAXIAt.rn and 50 mm thick inthe Z direction. DEFORMATTONS 4 PLz rrFl (D d) L.70 GPa.'t. z d carries an axial load p. It is lul'lrrr:tcd to a triaxial loading consisting of a pniformly distributed lltrulrr force of 200 kN in the X direction and uniformly distributed frtlrrlrlcssivc forces of 160 kN in the Y direction and.rr.I/3 and E . wirlc in the Y directi<. determine a single distributed Il.rt its l':(D d) A solid cylinder of diameter change in diameter is 4 pv/z Ed.22O kN in the Z fffrr..4Pv --nd"E (d) (lateral contraction for a tensile load) S- 4PL2 r I I nE(D-d) dL+(D-d)L . Show th. Ey = -vEx Sx E Ey= v (ap) rd2E sy= sy= sy= Evd . If v .J dD r I I't PROBLEM 222. 4-Pl..r'lron..rnqular Ex.rrlrrrq in the X direction that would produce the same Z deformation rr llrrr original loading. '/rr frrrrr l\ ro(. jt'1-:-r l'i I)d (Assume a tensile load) s=P-A oP lt.l t1 \-- .

206 x 1so..625 t 5.' - + l.197 N 3 5. STATICALLY INDETER. and for cast iron.tr-r9. (275 n)(100 x 103) I' I' t' {l 43.1zsy1zo x ro3.206 x 10--4 275 n mm2 Sci Therefore the required load Rx is tensile. * Pci 196. For steel.33 A steel bar 50 mm in diameter and 2 m long is surrotnded by a (+) :. 1fa MPa (-) .Solution: F'or triaxial tensile stresses. = -vEx I Rr.szlt i\= (:l Ez= f. . x x (s0x7s) 53.L97 2s9.972N .tiM 232.33 AE Al t.(so)' toolz = 625 n mm" -I tss. E = 200 x 109 N/m2. c v (-) tlrrlilltotl: PL s" sz Ez 220 (r 000) (r 00)(75) 29. Compute the load that will compress the .rnbined bar a total of I mm in the length of 2 m. .I\{INATE MEMBERS Ez J = I itS"-v(S*+Sr)1 200(r 000\ IrH||til. = P. E = 100 b MPa 5 -v l_e9s!991_ (100x50) 32 MPa * iO9 tt/rn2. = lmm ^R* bx = (S0X?5) S"i = Imm -s* Ex=E Ps Fv=R* (sox7sx7o * Rx ib3) Rr (2000) (625 r)(200 x 103) l' 196.350 N Pci (2ooo) Ex= (sox7sx7o x to3.350 + 43.hcll of cast iron 5 mm thick.ss .3s) 70 x 103 .547 N 10-4 3(50X7sX70 x 10") ? t' Rn == 409.

000 = 1. The steel rod of l2OO mm2.E = I20 GPa. ceeding Ss= Ss Ss = Ec 77. Sw lis L I.71 MPa Sw = t 7 MPa (8 MPa (safe) ( I20 MPa 6s=6cr Ps + Pw = 1200 (1000) As = 400. Using allowable sffesses of Sc = 6 MPa and Ss = 120 MPa. .7I As + 6(L5625 n 79.778)+2(900X70) = 219.lrrtion: when Sc Sc = 70 MPa A timber block 250 mm square is supported on each side by a steel plate 250 mm wide and t mm thick.and the allowable stress is 140 MPa.29 Sc Ss = 140 MPa = 6MPa 140 = 20Sw Ss= Ss= Ps+ Ss (14. _ ScL Ec 250 mm st= 200 Sc _T ) 140 MPa (steel fails) Use Ss= when Sc L4. Determine the thickness r so that the assembly will support an axial load of f 200 kN without exa rnaximum timber stress of 8 MN/m2 or a maximum steel stress of L40 UfVlrn]. E = l0 x lO3 MN/m2.000 + Sc Ac = 400.8I) .j.lII Sc W = W = Ms = M(9. Each copper rod has an area of 900 mmz. determine the required area steel.2e)(6) 85.OBLEM 233.200. For rimber. ?n E = 200 x 10" MNlrn'.. 'lilltiltl i iri 5s A reinforced concrete column 250 mm in diameter is designed to carry on axial compressive load of 400 kN.ts SwL Ew of reinforcing _ Solution: Ss= SsL ES Sc l. PITOBLEM 234.7I As = 400. 85. l.000 - As) = 400.Ps+2Pc AsSs+2AcSc (t200)(77.2000.000 4(2s0 tXl40) + (2s0)(250)(7) AcAc= (250)' ') - t As As = 5. for stecl.333 N M = 22.358 kg . Determine the largest mass M which can be supported.000 Pc TI n- As Ss Aw Sw = I..54 PR.778 MPa (140 MPa Ls Es Ss (240) _ Sc (160) 200 120 Ss = l. and the allowable stress is 70 MPa. E = 200 GPa.000 A rigid block of mass M is supported by three symmetricaily spaced rods as shown has an area - 6(L5625 n ) As = I323mm2 in the figure._= Sw 200 i0 lis = 20 Sw whenSw = 20(8) 160 MPa t200 kN 8MPa.45 mm 15625 zr t'|loBLEM 235. Assume that Ec = 14 GPa and Es = 200 GPa.

.33 mm Ls= - "l(oBLE. u"r.95I\{Pa 3. The lower ends of the three bars in the figure are at the same level before the rigid homogeneous rg Mg block is attached.--lo. stresses developed in .855 Sb Pb + 2Ps = Vr' Ab Sb + 2 As Ss - (i8.i Copper 160 mm Steel 240 mm 6c=6s . Copper 160 mm t^ T IT l'. ..rno . each 250 mm long. is 900 mm2 and E = 83 GNt#. . The steel bar has an area of 2400 mmz and E = 2A0 GPa. .90 mrn long.0" The igid platfornr ia the figure has negligibte mass and rests on two aluminum bars. Each steer bar has an area of 600 mmz and E = 200_GN/.*[.M 238.. how should the length of the steer rod so that each material will be stressed to its allowable limit? Solution: Ss = 3. The center bar is steel and is 249.000(g)N In probrem 235. Fo.000)(9) Ss=Sc += 900 Sb + 2(600X3.n.-' .81) SL Sb = 70 (160) 31.Bss (31..2.2IViPa Es . Each aluminum bar has an area^of 1200 mm2 and E = 70 GPa.8S5 Sb) = (18. 140 Ls Ss= Ss= 200 120 133.i' liolution: \c= Sb Pc Ps Pc SL Es il] PROBLEM 236. .nu Jon". -q!-{U 200 be changed = igzg ii3 f) W=18.000)(9.7 56 J/ . area each bar. PROBLEM 237.9s) 123. Find the stress in the steel bar after the center load P = 400 kN is applied..

73 Mpa PROBLEM 239.= 2 Po 52.833 Sa = Ss+0. what stress exists in the longest-. l9-gg7 rn. tion at the holes and use Es = 200 Gpa.10 I tzotz MPa + 0.'ttt t l.500 Pm Solution: . and!20. t Po = 62.0ox200 x (10.r r.90) 66.000 'tn p 6. determi4e the stress in the shortest wire.25 mm shorter in the rniddre bar.10 t03 200 x Io3 Sa = 0.66 Ss + 28 = t66.a mass.23 ?E' PL PL AE o As shown in the figure. Ttie centerJine spacing between the holes is 10 m in the outer two bars but is 1.rre used to lift.000) n Po (10_"090) i031 r. holes the shearing stress developed in the drift pins. each r00 mm by 25 mm in section.3i 400 (1000) 100 mm = 400.. 20. Sm + 5q + = L25 mm.000 m. eaclr 30 rn*z in "ruu.10 SL Ss E s +0.62 Ss = 102.500 l'rrr 'l'. Use E = 200 GN/mz.34986 Ss + 2g Ps+2Pa As Ss + 2 Aa Sa (249.933 N V = SL ts a sa (2s01 70 x SL E A 20.e ends of the bars.34986 Ss + 2B) Ss + = 400. Find ffi trtt. L..349. Neglect rocal deforma. . three steel wires.lrllt lrtr is L25 mm \lt.000 Po 2400 Ss + 2(1200)(0. -. Solution: r'l{( )Bt.58 I'rrr ( P=400 kN .unstretched lengths ate L9.wire? (b) If M = 200 kg.EM 240. . (a) If M = 600.M. are to be assembled by driving 2'-mmdiarneter drift pins through holes drined in th.25 (25000X200 x to3) l'rrr I Po.d. Their. Three steel eye-bars.994 m.kg.

.ssal (50X200 x tOs.----'3 -3-------_-__-p . + = = 530. The Assembly in the figure consists of a rigid bar AB (having negiigible mass pinned at 0 and attached to the aluminum rod and the steel rod. p.6 N (remains slack) D/) = . In the position shown.gw) ffi will carry equal loads.95 N .95 + 900.39 MPa If IvI = 200 kg 200 (9.05 N and p.738.ROllt.000 mm.81) 1061.1 1431.8 = -il = 35. each ps -P^ = --t'--4 (600x9. i.s _ 9oo.81) .l = s -h ^ s3 (b) 1061.900.? .05 = * 30 Sl=*#AI tr Pt Lt 47.5 N P^ T** @--/|\---o t.s .8 N P w-P.2991?_B_11___?-c!l z Yz: 550.I N l^Ihen the lengths of the wires are the same. the bar AB is horizontal and there is a gap d = 4 mm between the lower end of the aluminum rr:d and its pin support at D.r .l8oo.Pt Pt Determine fint the force 20. -.1 b . 1800. to bring all wires to a length of q "l st 1431. Find the stress in the steel rod when the !or.70 MPa d= Pl = 52 lr (rg. (3ox2o0 x to3) = 900.)r"id of the aluminum rod is pinned tei the support at D- = L^ -() A2E2 ="=" Pz l= PZ (tg. _ D -5-PS - 1800.EM 241.

7 P-g L PL -_ Sa (1500) -= 70 x Io3 R2= R2= Pb. applied as shown. Then use the principle of superposition to compute the l.L L" x 1. = 25 kN anri P.64Mpa PROBLEM 242.67 Ss 10. and P. and. Prove that the reactions are given bV n. It carries an axial load p applied as shown in the figure.s rod of constant cross_section is attached to un_ yielding supports.eactions when both loads are applied. Ss = 1866. = 50 kN.) A homogeneou.2) Ps = 2Pa $s (300) = 2(Sa)(400) Sa = 0. (Hint: Use ihe results of hoblem 242.67 Ss = I73.. acting separately.5m 2 Ss (1500) 200 x to3 Simplifying. L P(L_b) + l0 Sa = 18A6.ErS * 19L1 = \E/a- R2= Rz= P*R. A homogeneous bar with a cross-sectionar area of 500 mm2 io attached to rigid supports.375 Ss 7 Ss + 10(0.6. = pb/L and Rr-pa/L.67 IMo = o Fs (0"6) = Pa (1.75 . It carries the axial loads p. Determine the stress in tfre segment BC. Solution: Sl= 52 nr(a) p-Rr)b AE AE Ria **pb_Rtb -38.89 kN .375 Ss) = 1856.L R2= F r'r(OBLEM 243.1 Solution: Rr(a+b) = 4 Pb 2Ss+Sa - Rl= a = -r Pb z r{Lr -. compute the reactions caused bV P.

10).llkN R2 R2 s-l $ : A (1000) s00 Sa = = = = 56. A larger load P can be carried if the aluminurn and steel portions wlll reach the maxirnum dlowable stresses simulta-reously.5 kN c _ ll.lrrlion: Since $s loadP Aluminum E=70 GPa Steel = = 119.5 _ 143. Find the siless caused in each materiar by apprying an axfar toaa p 200 kN.54 . MPa ry 120 MPa. 2.eo) Rt R2 Rt = 36. therefore rnaximum 200kN.)Jg.70 Rt (2oo) 2. = What maxirnum load p can be applied with.8 MPa 22.tl _25 = ll.5 kN 200*R1 200 . li. determine this length.(2N 200 (e00x70) Rt - Rr) (3oo) (1200x200) R.s (1000) ^ = ff= ss FRo|ILEM 245.22Mpa 143.56. out exseeding an dlowable stress of 70 MPa for aluminum or 120 MFa for steel? Can a larger load P be carried if the length of the aluminutn Refer to hoblem 2214. (sg.5 (loool 900 62. L- + = - R. the length of the steel portion being kept the same? If so.. The bar shown is firmly attached to unyielding supports.ll 9- !6. II9'6MPa PROBLEM:244. A=900 m2 D=200 GPa A=1200 mmz SA= Ss SALA= * SsLs EA Es 70 (LA) 120600) 70 200 LA = 180 mm =g L-_ .ftkN ForceactingonBC = g6.64 Solution: liolution: RI = Rl'*RI" rtl - Sf= Pzbz L2 S2 Ptbt LI --f (25X2.6. rod be changed.

t20-38.O2MPa Rz= R2= R2= 170 170 - For aluminum: -660-- 73 kN P .Ur.414 (1000) 2L9. 6. .-lHffiFrzo-n.. = 50 kN..F . ' ". Bolution: rF-& tlO-nr--+:%Solution: .60 mm.ME **.l 97 kN Ss= Rl 97 r3r.60 = 52+53 Rl (600) + o'60 = (r4oox83) : (120 (r200x70) -.n Sl+0. 120-Rt #.s86(r00o) 2400 : = 16. "'A (t* For Bronze: stress A rod is composed of three segrnents shown in the fiErre apd carries the axial t":1r_ff = 120 kN and p.67 lylPa 4.414 kN sa - 81'4i4jloooL = 67.. Solve Problem 246if the left wall yields 0. Determine thi in each material if the walls are rigid.120-Rt P . 58.RtX4oo) (r7o _ Rtx30o) (600x200) Rt 38.240A tunz 60Omm 247.s85 kN St= 52+ si R]'(600) _ R2 I70 170 .08 MPa :/ R= .17 MPa For steel: E=83 GPa E=70 CPa A=1200 nrnt E=200 cpa .Rt.1=600 mm2 ^ Ds FROBLEM 12t. sFr = 97(1000) 2400 = 40.s86 P .414 kN (600) (200) 58.42 MPa For aluminum: P P c Dfr ^ 120-Ri 23kN = = = 120-97 _ 23(1000) -Tdo73(1000) = -ub6'- 19..66 p PROBLEM 245.586 (l20 _ Rl) (4oo) (1200) (70) R2 {2400x83) + (r70 _ Rr (300) ___ R2 SB r31.81.85 Mpa \_ .6r r*.

857 Pa 2. iof*rrz. steel bolt 3:_1:T.s mul In the assembly of the bronze tube and steel boit shown.64Sb Ps P6 I-S ^ = ss ltSJif ^ ss = 56. Ft{onLEM 250.zg N D s^ = sa A ?sxlj = 140.26 19.00 Fg Contact pres$ure Pc(l00XL)+zPa . How mauy turns of the nut will rcduce this stress to iero? Eb = 83 GPa.35 MPa '['ota] sues 30 + 45. Th.857 (49.35 = 75. = As Es Ps+Pa Pa !a Aa Ea + 200 Ps = P.80 mm and the cross-seetional area of the bronze tubs is 900 mm2 and of the steel bolt is 450 **2.26N 2. nut is tumed until there is a cornpressive str€ss of 30 MN/m2 io tt bronze tub: " one additionFind the'strrss in the bronze tobe if the nut is thon Eiven al turn.35 1.26) Pc = 2. Sb (800) u'ou zoo x lo5 83 x IoS I4b. A thick.26) l'or one additional turn of the nut 0. the pitch of tho bolt ttrread is 0.56 turns . Es = 200 *0.73 = Tz*[il = AbSb = As$s 900 Sb = 450 Ss Ss = 2Sb r.35 MPa F=4(95)( I ) 'l'c reduce Sb to zero.3 MPa 14A. Solution: pressure and tangential snesses when the outward radial pressure on p = 4 MN/m2. steer tube 2. Es = 200 GPa.7 MPa 800= Pb= F=4t95)(1) Pt Ps 4Ss+9.64 56 45. required number of tunls 75.857 Pa + Pa = 190 lir rlrrtion: 49.80 = Ss+56 n aA * _ SL(800) . 4(9S){r} Pc (i00) = 380 2 (q9.68 PROBLEM ?A8.35 45.s nom thick just fits ovor an aluminum tube 2. dete'oine the contast ."$::Ti' Ea=70x10'N/m". = Ps = Ps = Ps Pa = 70 2..r".3 MPa 56. Ps PA 2 2Ps+ 2Pa = I90 a(95)(t) F = Ss=Sa ls Ls. If the contact diameter is t00 mm.81 lvlPa = Sb = 5b = 4 (2 Sb) + 9.73 49. H.

n.75 mm Ps(3)+PA$) SB= PBg AE Iiv ratic and proportion. a rigid beam with negligible mas is pinned at one end and supported by two rods.l AE PB= 1. What maxirnum load p Ean be applied without exceeding a suess in the steel of 120 Mn/m2 or in the lris:)tase of 70 iVtN/ma.5l2s P^) = 60 PA= PB= PB= 9.4 sb (2) 83 _ -LFI (e00)70) PA= XMo 2Pr(4) (600x200) Ss = When Sb O.-6 = Sb 5 2 s3 ?SS Ss= Ss 0. rlution: Ss -€= Solution: SA .645 (70) = 44.4 Ps -0 Ss = 0.92 wn )Mo 2PO =Q PA(2) + P.M 253. is supported by a steel rod and a bronze rod as shown. (l. d=200 GPa 4=900 mm2 L=3m Bronze tal before the load P As shown in the figure. = 5 tr3 _i=*_*= 2.94 kN Steel PROBLEM 252.r3 :j 1..643 Sb 70 MPa 1.5 1. Find the vertical movement of p il !i.3t2s (9.63 N (52. The beam = I20 kN: E=83 GPa 4=300 mz L=Zm was initially trorizon_ was applied. identical except for length.4 sb (3) SA= _ = 200 0. sB.oo-tr.1{) I"ROBLEM 25I. Determine Solution: s= 2 .3i25 PA (1.r0 kN r. a rigid beam with negligible rnass is pinned at 0 and supported by two rods. the load in each rod if p = S0 kN. As shown in the figure.5 (3.10) A rigid bar of negligible mass. + 3.s.7s) . pinned at one end. 3.5) = S0(2) rRoBLf.63) (4000) (:^ _ -!66d'titoo)-* ''J Ss = "p .75 SA = P(5) 3 Ps + 6(L4 Ps) = I20 (5) Ps = 52. Ds = l15.98 MPa ( I20 Mpa .

B+ Fe = 600 1..98) = 450 - 1.ood (5) 50. I'n * PA * t. Shorur in the figurc is a soction through a balcony. Soluuon: Ihrae rods.4 Fc = 600 I77.?"4 Pc) + P.to = P (6) = PB (2) + Pb (5) Q . eactr with im afi&r of 500 r-nmz.4 Pc = (600X3) 600 kN DMA=S PB (4) + Pc (6) . Here.Eiv! ?55.6 (.11) 238.1.5 Pc) 46PB-1"4tu=600 4.6 PB . Asune the floo.2. Es = 200 ad Eb = ag x lo9 Nrb2.5 Pc = rn+PB+Fc=60d (5. Compute the load in sacta rod.r to be rigid but note that it doss not necessarily romain horizontal. SA-Sc SB SA-Sc= 3SB-3Sc -E*=T -Sc = 3SB-2Sc PA (s) 3 PB(6) AE AE 5PA ' 18PB-lPc SA I 5PA = 18PB-12Pc PA = 3. ttt)lil.56kN PBOBLEIU 254.Ps PB = Asg& Plt (900x44. furd the stmss in each rpd. Astming there'was no slack or stness in the rods x lo 9 N/mz lrcfore the load was applied.as Sown.@0N El.4 (177.B - 6.5 (l77.= '.994 N 19434 kN 5./150 .9 Fc * 1.6 (184"34) .Il kN 450 - 1. lointly support the toad of 20 hN. The total uni- form load of 600 kN is supported by thrao rods of the samc iirea and natcrial.2.481N Pb .ll) = P6 P 40T81(2) + zl.4 Pc = 600 2o7A It = l'B .Absb pt = (g00xz0) Pb .6 PB h = 40.21.

^A.OBLEM 256. Horizonta|movement is prevented at joint A by the short horizontal suut AE.42MPa 10.= Ats = AD 0-525 P nC (304) + 2(300X0. For each aluminum bar.1 Soiution.3s)( r 6.464 m iiolrrli<-rn: 85 = Sb = 0.75) (0.ol JOolg200 l0 kN s P nll - S AC co:i 30o ) AB (3 /cog 30o (4o0x70) P I i\gs"1!C-(!)(200x200) Ps+2Pbcos30o = I0kN Ab Sb cos 3Oo = I0(i000) .7s(r000) 200 6.74 MPa S /\C cos 45o (400x70) PAD = 0.4. = 200 mm2 and E = 200 GPa./.28 MPa = Peo SAD _ .169 kN 4.464) tf . are pinned together to support a load P = 20 kN as shown.000 S Ss = 21.66 MPa Sb= ast"r26 (2r. AC. cos3oo lh- = * 3. SAB = PAD I.1l3 6. AB = = (0.525X1I.35PAC PAC P PAD(3/cos45o) (200) (200) + PAD cos45o + P ABcos30o .169 (1000) 400 = = 58.75 MPa 15. P P AC = I1. AB.7s) 1r.20S cos AC AC + (0.169 Sin 3Oo p. A = 400 mm2 and E = 70 GPa.n3 (1000) 400 )H = 0 PAE + PAE + PAE = PAE - P AD sin 45o sin 45o P AB Sin 3Oo 4.3I126 Ss) cos S0o 10.113 kN g=i SAC. and AD.175 kN I76 N .75 i<N = = Three bars. For the steel bar.66) Sb= 6.35 P AC) 45o + (0.525 P AC) cos 30o =2O PR. Determine the stress in each bar and the force in the strut AE.31126 Ss Ss As + 2 Ss Sb= Ss cos 30o Sb (3.

The tensile load at 20oC is 5000 N.856 MPa -.02[rt{tr)c45s (I1.5 MPa (40 MPa s 200 x I03 ACI t20 = T]f= = (t r.8I S AB '= zo cos t*r.2oC . = SAB _ S AB (3/cos s0o) __ _ +ryJg . Solution: ^sL D=T D 6 AU AA .02 MPa P_ PP- PAB cos 30o + PAC + PADcos45o (31. *. and determine the maximum of P that will not exceed an aruminum stress of 40 Mpa or a steer A steel rod with a sross-sectional area of 150 mm2 is stretched between two fixed points.F np (3/cos 45o).Af liolution: AC = 3oo 3. (a) V = YT* Yl 5.7 x IO-6XT lsd (2oo x ro31 T = 34.71 S AD SL -E= when S AC = 120 MPa cL At+ PIL AE + DArr 5 120 =:. 120 MPa 3I.+F .1= 31. to the data in hoblem 256.Ar Yr 21.2Oa) = 5000 (2r. 2@ S "ii36d- = SAd ".temperature will the stress be zero? Assume a = I1.5X400) cos 30e + (120)(200) + 40. THERiIAL STRESSES 77 Refer value stress of 120 Mpa.9 Mh.76 PROBLEM 257.7 x ro-6. use S AC = S AB = S AD = { $ = (b) 126.5 MPa Yr = od. I'ROBLEM 261. What wiu be the stress at -2OoC? At what.1+ooy s000 lsO(2OO 2L.7 umTcmogl and E = 200 x 109 N/m2.O2MPa (40 MPa x tO3) Therefore.

64oC Y=iL . Neglect the deformation of the wheel wicle that is caused by the prrssure of the tire. .t 200 x 105 r-v*-J"€ I 60MPa I @r: r-J- I Solution: if-vfi: f. T = 4o.. at 20oc.... ....7 um/(m oC. Y = YT* Yl P. I3..ooo) (T - 15) MN/*2 at -20oC. ..olrtIion: - PROBLEM 262.. 200 x 109 N/m2..7 x ro-611tO. . .M2&. a steel tire I0 mm thick and 75 mm to be shrunk onto a locomotive driving wheel 1..hf ffff lt..00O) r_l0m___=_-1_3mm1. AT A 5 - (1r.7 x 10-6 m/1m ocland E = 200 6PA...c. what is the minimum diameter of the rod? Assume a= ll.= 200 x 103 (lr.7xro-6yqao1 tol) l0 lm r800 L37.8 m in diajust ructer fits over the wheel..rvable stress is not to exceed rsO YT = od. . .. steel rod is stretched between two rigid wals and carries a tensile load of 5000 N.E 3 = S S (10..4rnm2 |m Ta2 = l0 m d TPROBLEM 263.. . l)ctermine the contact pressure between the fire and the wheel after rhe assembly cools to 20oC. . which is at a temperature of 2OoC...22mm steel railroad rails l0 m long are raid with a clearance of s mm at a temperature of Is. . .78 .'At what temperature will the rails just touch? what stress will be induced in the rails at that temperature if there were no initial crearance? Assume a = rl. If the alro.. Aszume c = 11.s000 +< A(200 x l30. .lL At a temperature of 90oC.4mm2 L37.7 um /(m oC) and E = T= A i= 4 SL qLAr .. "nt E = 200 GFja.

E = 200 x 10? N/rn2.550 N When the stress in the steel'rod ig zero.357 xl0*9'PB: 0.2oo) + (L) (IsXlO0X2Oo x t03.82 MFa r.950 N F_ = io-6XLXl3oo - * PR (L) (2OXlo0X83 Ps 2(r22. oc1..8U Solution: t8r Y=YT PL AE oLAT P 75O (2OO x tOs. a bronze hoop 20 mrn thich whoss'iesii.7 x to-611t yf e 0o.000803 PB = 85.815) P = 2. E = 85 x l0' N/nr'. 2oo) 122. trnd q = ilJ um/fth COt^ A = 6000 mmi. Nesloct the possititity that bctrccnthc. 20O Gpa and q = ll. E = g3 Gpa and q = 19 um/(m oC1 .815 N p(600X100) .000)19.850) * 1'031 p (l80oX7s) (I .shown.00209 0. each bronze rod.775N . diamta ic 600 mm just fits snugly over a sted hoop r 5 mm rhichBoth hoops arc 100 mm wide. .hoope rthcu bronze. = 2PB = 2Ps PB= Fs 9. E the temperature drops to 20oC. At what temperature will the bronze stiess in the steel rod be zero? For the steel rod.0 um/(m "C). ttc rnm .81) 539. PB w _ = z-- = 269.r*. At' lsooc.T ring may buchle. 559.550 "B= . For steel.p = PROBLEM 2d5.001287 + 3.YB = Y. fo. Compute the contact p.q-iiUqd slab having a mass of 55 Mg is placed upon two rods andr one steel rod as.lillIrr): P= 2p- YrB... 20oC.000) = 2(85. A = 6000 mm2. * (19 x Y.Z um/-(n oC.z r tO{XgO _ zo) 'i.O2fxto-9 r. 1. Solution: At W= W= (55.6. and o = I9.ggg x t0-9 ps p(60. = PDL (ll.86 iviPa tjttoBLEM 266. Fo.. .2Fg 0.

andd= ll.2 _ {ffi. Solution: * P. .9rJS75 mm 0. the bronze rod will be in compressiol and the steel rod in tension. 2OoC.7uml (* oc). = 2(2465) Y. A = 600 mm2.905i5 + r. A = 40Omm2.g PROBLEM 267..9 x ro*611eooxtooo 1.2oe6 _ 0. For eaclsteel rod.'there is a gap . determine the stress in each rod when the temperature of gre assembly is increased to lOOoC. PB PB ":103.x to-611soo.10385 (400) (200 x tt3) . From FBD of slab P.2 YB = Yts = *Y. as slrown. PR (8oo) (PL) (AE)s (800) At o. (ll-z.2 mm between the lower end of the bronze bar and the rigid slab supported by two steellbars.AAC = = 6.9um(moC1.20 rnm )Yr. E = 200 x lO9N/m2.2096 mm - 2oo) s A Y. sB= #l* OUU L. For the bronze 2P. (2 Ps) (8oo) 0.217 MPa 0. 0. YtB = = = (11.= YtB YtB aL AT 4930 N P = - (18.1 2rt65 N 2P. = Y.J'= 0. .0.2oo) = (19 x ro-6112s011r 2oo) 96?J?5)(2s0]|_ (6000)(83 x 103 T = l29.r 82 Yrr= Yrg(drArt YB 83 = (cl. Y.r . E = 85 I t09N/mz..Ar)e -t#l .2oc Jrq Js Therefore. rod.162 MPa 8.7 x io-6yaoolrooo zool Ss ffi 2. Neglecting the mass of the slab. (809) (400X200 x to31 (6oox83 P.to385 - (6ooXS3 x tO3.ando = IQ.

(y.S I*I ivrpa =.rsz AEo AEg Posililn J A-tr s # ^"A .l.o. E = 200 * to9 Nl*2. Find the stressin each r#"1atr90oC. e = tZOo .r2Nrpa 18.7um/(m oc). . as shown.9 2l..1u o = rl. Yti * 0. - roo.2.'r""n. IS "r4 0.84 PROBLEM 268.pm gap between en"d of the txonze cylinder and the rigid slab at IOoC. For the aluminum cytinder.201 mm Y.175x90o t r800 YtA - too) YtB YtB Y. - = ss _ lS0O (Ss x ros) P (tgo) t). x to9 N/m2.Z4Z.r". A = 500 mm2.Ji r I sA= Solution: W= 33.rnarn ocy..1 ^mz. ro.'arra o^= re.tA + Yre) (YR* Ys) PL PL lF= s PL 0.201 OI Y f s = . secured between two rigid slabs by tightening two steel borts. *i At looc no axial loads exist init"-"rr"*uiy.o6e r'/ t! P (21s) P(75) (2s0ox20o x io3y x tOs.75 ..75 MPa (. 0. E 83 x 109 N/m2. and q = 2s um/(m "cy.* "*.= \t tt aL AT 1zs x to-6.1tooxgoo looi r'troBLEM 269.frsffi = SS.i52 mm (11..089 * .:.7x lo-6x2t5x9oo 0.138 mm (19 x lo-6.747.138 + O.-+AE" + l2OO (zO = Origirul Fiml olslab Posilion 4 ilob o. An aluminum cylinder and a bronze eylinder are centered and ror-ita. = bolt. the right Resolve Problerii 268 assuming there is a 0.O5.i SS.

the bronze I2 x I0" mmo.0 x I0-6 AT = 23. E = 20O GPa. d os _ - 14. A = 450 mm'.05 Y. P(75)_ .4 = = = 14. and o = I9.736x r0-4 sleeve.05 + 0.000(L) (12.Yt. For the steel cylindef A .20r" +$s .7gg.4 N At" = 0. r. Fo.7 um/(m oC1.0 umlm oe1.000 N YtB.788.216 MPa - (1r.7 x io-6) L AT = 250.M 270.799.7 x ro-6.7 x ro-6) = ?. (lSoo(S5 x ro3) Solution: (a) -(500)14.039 l(zlsl -.s = (ytA &138 PL 0.38oC (b)Pr= 0 P. For the steel bolt. = YB PB (I9. The lengths of the cyrinder and sleeve are equal.0 um/(m oC) 250 kN 250 kN = 34.both simultaqeously support a vertical compressive load of 250 kN wliich is applied to the assembly through a horizontal bearing plate. = 7200 mm2.. A = Ar (I9. AT - (Ir...----I -' -- -' I ____ Jl! tn ots PL "q+ 14.000)(83x 103) Ar (19.--IgOoPROBLf.5! x I0-4 A steel cylinder is enclosed in a bronze sleeve.-' -: _ _ __ ::-. . For the bronze sleeve. x I Ar L. and ol= ll. and a = tI. Compute the temperature change which will cause the stress in the bronze to be 20 MPa.+ 2(s0ox2o0 x ro3.799.4 d _ oA. and o = I9. .0 x. A bronze sleeve is slipped over a steel bolt and is held in place by a nut that is tightened I'finger-tight".86 Solution: 87 Y+ -ts Y . E = 85 Gpa.IIOBLEM 27I: t Ps+P.7 um/(m oC1.-l2OOL4.7 to-6) = (decrease in temgewure) wEv'ry-w:a I :. = 250.4 a _ oB .0 x to-6.:-: : f_":!!! : y!'! TFinalFuirb --.(Ya + Y3) _ 0.(YR*YB)-0.324MPa 8.000 _ Y Y. LL.10-6) L Ar I2. compute (a) the temperature change that will cause a zero Icad in the steel. P(tr00) I2oo(7ox to3.788 MPa = 250.0 x l0-6 - LL.s) PL- @i$: - -. E = 20Q GPa.Y ttt ts AT s (increase in temperature) (19.78oC .152 . and (b) the temperature change that will cause a zero load in bronze. E = 83 GPa. A = 9C0 mmz.

I l. Anse ..m zzz.Ys_ = Yo r) 1Y" ol * " oI (l1.4r7.000 PB (I.500'L e t.3s9 x ro-81t.gg9 x (83 x tOs.6y + (I. SB = PB tt.lr1 x ro-81r. tr3.33 x tO-3.--' 4so(2oox i05) 4so(zoox ro3.000 . For the sleeve-bolt assembry described in problem 27r.. + 450(200 x tOS. + x (1.358 N l0*4 t.soo N = =.0 x ro.5 x 10-4y = (1.000 L 900(83 x t0') (I9 x I0_") L(70) ro-81 e. 20MPa = ls. + (r.r. assume the rrrrt is tightened to produce an initial stress of I5 x 106 N/m2 in the Irrrrnze sleeve.4I7x 4SO(2OOx tOS) l0-o) 900(83 xroS) PB = 34. = l'B.111 x * lo'6) L l\t Ar (1. .4I x oo.807 x ro. = B.000 Ytr* Y.3 x . Pr=PB i+ (19. p (l s)(goo) l s. ".. = iffi = 38'175 MPa . l.500 L _____7 + Ya 18. Find the stress in the bronze sleeve after a temperature riae of 70oC.339 x tO-8). = t 15 MPa s^ o.I9 x t0-4. = B. t 13.I1l I0-8 + 1. AT AT 4. - (1. t0-81e. tu.(900)(20) Yr" pF PB ytB yB . l 18.000 L 9OO (l.I ^B tr.soo N p 'Bl 'q "l Solution: . (19. = YtB' (IIT x =.8u $tttrt.1zo1 * = l8'ooo N P.7 x to-6.0 x 10-6 (7. 18.z x l0 -6) Ar =. -: pB = lg. (8. 18.4.+to .xI0-4 iO-41 .

2v2T j< 10-3 Ar ls. fo'.272t. An aclat m# p = 200 kN is applied.2sx to-3.= OIJ x ro-611soo.Otm/ oC. . steel and 23.st - R(1. asume o = II.Sclrrtion: s.6Xsoox6oo 0.272L mm Y. . "= Y= s (20o : 85.184 mm - z.51 x rO-5) AT + 0.12oox6oo 0.e aluminum and.714 kN PL YtA (zs x ro-6.tA (a I.. At what temperature will eci Problein 273 hgriBnumencallfl th.OO io3.14286 R = 16.7 x 10.3244 YA YtA' = Ir.+ R(3.* n)900= '1200 4R = 3/200-R) 4R= 600 . alumrnirm. 0.:A Bs..25x10*5+3. 1/= . * 0.90 PROBLEM 273. frn rtt(ilil.. Y LJ AE ts (I1.-l!4llxlo!qr 200 = 180.32M -o. = (200 + RXI. Find the stress in each mffidlal iiiffFC.(4$ x lq':5) AT 1..7r4(l 000x200) 9oO (7o x to31 YtA 0-!1.0.25 Ar . AT) (29Q.3244 .68Mpa x t0-3) = o.14286 mm 'Y.D/.12924 in temperature) s^ = -(?99.1404 mm n - 20o.i4286 + 4.6 s^ = -16'Bi5(Iooo) = 900 t8. AT + 0. t0-3.7 um/(m'oC.t746 x 1o'3.9+o T = 2O-15.84 =Y-Y srs R(200x1000) 900(70 x (200 + RX30OX1000) = 'A 0. Thg'eomposite bar shown is firmly attached to unyieldrng supports.94q T : 4"060c (ciecrease .815 kN .1746x10-3) = 0. (3. (200 x 103. at 20oC.1746 x to-3.\reel segiments ual stresses? for iol111i6n' sA *-8.25 x = 0.s o.3R Fiaal Poiltian A 7R= 600 85.ao) ' Js '\ Finql ft= YtA Y. + R (3. 1200(200 x to3.7 14Xt 000x300) l2.hM274.* (ffi x fo-6X200) o.68 Mpa AT = t 5.1404 '- O.24+ R(t.

= 48.noo.. and 1I.4I Mpa 58.005952)+(i00+ R X0.SSx r0-5.900 (tl.592N (100 + nxtooor.1sooX5o) + ir r.P.680kN 147.013305R+0. + R (500) (2zx ro-6.97. and P.Oa402R+(50+ R)(0.592 + 29.9 um/(m oC) for oc) for aluminum. Assume q = 18.io.z x rcr 6) (s0 + RXl000Xs0o) L2oo _ + R (400) _ (400xs0) 24}o(8sx to31 L2oo(7}x tO31 600(200 x tO3) 0. 23 um/(m Solve hoblem 275 if P.R + 0. 600(200 x tO51 (7ox ro3) 0. rxoBLEM 276 segments shown.ature drop of 30oC if (a) The walls are rigid and (b) the oC.70'5-2-2 = 600 L.= Ys to 6XsoOXg0) + (23 x ro-611sooXs0) + YtB-* YtA * Yt.04s 600 = = ffi= ff 600 ffi= to : lffi = = 81'4oMPa = 246. = YB + YA + Y. n _ R R = ^ = .300 OsSg = (l..00333) 0. A rod is composed of the three If tie axial loads . = YB * YR + Ys + 0. compute the stress induced in each material bi a temie.300 mm. are each zero.g00 = R = SB.300 7O. l0O+i B ronze E=83 GPa A--74Nm2 Aluminum E='IO GPa A=1200 m2 swt E=200 GPa ffiR2 Solution: liolution: (a) YtB * YtA t (r8.592 ^ -ffi= SA= . each equal 50 kN and the walls yield 0.z x i0-6) (18.x 'Ye + YA + {tr.680 kN 50+R = (b) Yte * YtA * Yr.r3MPa = 80.o MPa 48. -frt = 70.6stvtpa R = 100+R sB SA 47.939 = (1. fot walls spring toqether by 0.69060 .045 N 2ooMPa .0 MPa J4l:6:os ..s .PROBLEM 275.83MPa 70.9.33 x to-s.265 I"265 = = O.300 mm when the temperature drops 50oC. and'P.9 x to-6yaoo. bronze.*n (I000X800) zlcri(Bsx ro3.7 um/(m steel.1s o) + (400x30) _ R (800) . * 0.680kN 19'87 MPa tiy.

.#' ^A = yt = (60.h Hrs..bar AB.Z x l0. :.9) + s(2.9 x to 611zooo1 steel rod.rse t4 Af -. gsxto3 = 2.1soOo.:r q$. = 0. AT = 2(0. IIhe ri{i{.24oC .7' mm 3(. If the r.A as shown in the figure. r. is connectecr to fwo rods ..60 i\lpa rn rhe 0 2:ro1 rg - 2(l r.".t. AT PL rmr n@ .fu rr( 2Yr*5YB nT + rigid horizontal bar of neoJioibre rn3s..tf the bdr AB is horizontgt at a given.@) TI . Ngglect the mass of bar AB.ress lB. of.is-pinried bt 0 and connected to two rods-as 'jhown'rn:iJre:figut'e.59. Solutioni nno Ya P..__-=4|_ "LIJ" )Mo=0 Pn.frc. f osLAT= t ArEs P.7XAsX200) . 5Yr"*5Yr = 2Ys*2yts "tB+2Y.355 (der:re.the ratio cif the areas of the two rods so that the bar AB will 'behorrzontadar aqy. a^LAT PA L laEh lir.6. determjle.E 4 Ps = ooAoEo.:Jr. = ouArE.13OOO). = Y.5 MPa XMo-0 SPq =' s v=!! 1.94 PROBLEM 277.lrrli<ln: = qAAAEAAT Yt.. (s) ( " %{q) )^ l20dXSBXQ = (e00)(60)(s) SB = I12.temperarure.tress. (a) .IF 4 crArE* AT (lt?:sx2ooo\ I.7rt) in nrperature) 15.u 2(Ys*Yrr) 5(IrB-Yts) * PROBLEIT4 278.!iltenr rs initialr.rernrinn the temprature chqnge th4lwil cause a tensile sl. 4(1r.tl+ r-3m---I--4 /_.23XAAX70).femperature.9 mm 0-516 zoo 4 to3 YtB-Ys - Yr-Y.

Neglect the deformation and'the mass of the horizontal bar AB. Determine the relationship between the force in rod C and the change in temperature-AT. and E = 200 GPa.0. 63 v 'ts +v's = Yte 1YA.03333 P.648 2 Ps) .2238L Ps = L7. For the assembly shown.vbrtical rods if the temperature rises 40oC after the load = 50 kN is applie{: .. P=50 Solutigl: -Js IMe=Q PA F) + P. = 0. e.1+ooo1(40. PA PA rs0 - 2(80.648 YtA YtB IA IB . A = 2000 mmt. 2(23 x Pr(r000{.: = = 11.1a01 + ?P.52 + O. .0. The lower ends of the three steel rods shown ane-atltbe sarne level before the force P = 600 hN is applied to the horizonta rigitd slab'.55 MPa (tension) I'R0BLEM 280. * r50. determine the stress in each of the two p .130) . PA= 150-2P Y.7 um/(m oC).7 x to-6.26l" kN (compression) (compression) sA= +# S. | 972 + 0. ior each rod.96 PROBLEM 279.19j0) 1 1? (2OO P=600 kN = x tO31 to*6ysoo. .OT524P A P=600 kN = 3.03333 P. = ll.40MPa W 133. = 80. - 10.r (roooxsooo) 900 (70 x tO3. (6) = s0 (e) PA+2Ps Y.09524 PO 0.03333 Ps 5. 2V' -'tA*2YA + = (l r.09524 (150 O. Neglect the mass of the rigid slab.130 kN = 3. measured in deEees Celsius.934 P.

sPC) . Cos 45o + 2PrCos 30o 0.gyc = yrA + yA * y1" _ y^" 9Ye-?Y.150 * PZ = 84.98 t't( lIil EM 281.1l.(YF r' .sPC Substitute eq. Assume a= I!. and E 200 x = remperature rise of 50oC. Find the load SolutiQn: fl.F.7 AT (l) (2) o Pe*FB*lC = 600 l2. o-n -.25PC .tc * Y") - (Y. .7AT 103..gt) )v= = I47. Assume bar after a oC.j5'1 " (l) .045 PB - 45 PB'*-SQP" Xv= - l2.I7.gl \n) z SyB tY. i 600(5i 4Ps = 600(3)-6?a PB.7AT ta = 177 'Ll + o'\L277 Nr w= (15 x o tosxg.ll.8165 Pl = 147.1?5.18.5PC = 7500 . +. ':= 7500 .03.75P-= .7 AT )Ma-0 4Pr+ 5P. Four steel bars jointly support a mass of 15 Mgas shown in the Iigure.iI.5lq :.sPA := .Lt." .h.0125 PA Too (roo. Each bar has a cross-sectional area of 600 mm'.I50 N 2P. (ir.5 PB t l2.t7. ro3) -.5P"= 7500 .$).+t'P.875 86.* 50P6.* carried by each bar after a temPerature rise of 50oC.li.7 um/(m t0'N/m-.7AT 25.17 5P .7 Ar 57:5'P.tA + Y.YA*YtA*Yt" :$ (iooo)ggPl_ zOOo(zOOx _ 0.l. (3): (3) t4) 57:51450.375 . 75oo '.Pc =Q. (4) and eq.l1. = 459-l.7 x ro-611s000) AT 0.0ll7 AT PA(1000x5000) losi 0. : .5PO+ t2.Zx lo-6x6000) AT + (r1.

g165 Pt Lr * = 84.8165 Ll) 70..200 +P2) 0.8165 Pl .-4 l0r) .8t65) (0.FO)+ 600 (70x "" .8165 Ll 70.8165 H = = Yl = L2 Y2 L2Cos S0o LrCos4so - LrCosSOo [rt.2OOL2+P)L2) Q0.000 + 2.523N=21.1 l0r) ' = (138.g05 Pz pr) L1 .100 P1+P2= 84..0o0 + 1.0.t x ro-6) Lz (50) . (50) + o.100 Ll Cos 45" H=L2cpi eo' H= L2 Cos 30" = L1 Cos 45' L2 = 0.8l6s [(23 x 10-6. PA=h=21.957 2. Solve Problem 281 if bars A aqd D are steel and bars B and C are aluminum.2m + P1) L1 = Q0..857 p2) 0.857 Pl = 21.t50 N Yl Yl EV= W=ME r = 0.8165L2 Q0.523 N 0.200 + P1 = 46.957 P2 = 67.8165(21.7 xl0-6)Ll tsol + -.70200 + tttt 600(200 x lOJ) .66667 P2 YCos45o .150 0.2n L1 + P1L1 = 0.3165P1 = 49.393 N "*Zs + -.g57 (t) H= 600 (200 x cos:4so (rr. For aluminum.2m + P1) L1 = (70.z(n + Pr) L1 = (138.35.4kN L.800 + 0. Cos 45o + P2 2PrCos S0o = 147.523) + P2 = 84.2OO + P2)(0. = Yl=YCos45" Y2=Y Cos 30" Solution: Yl_Ycos45' YZ.8165 L2 QO.P2 =.YCosS0o YCos45o Y Cos S0o 0.Y Cos 30' W =.z r to-611.8165 (7O.#=f 600(200x l0r) I 0.8165 70.8165 Lt PROBLEM 282.8165 Y2 PrT AT*ffi PoI a y2= aL2 LT *'ff = crLl 2 P.383N=67.. (.gty 0 = l4z.857 p2) (0. = 0.5kN PB=PC=67.000 + 2.200 + PI = 92.8165 y2 = Lt) Yl = Y2 Yl = P1. (I5 x lo3y1*.0 um/(tn oC) and E 70 x I 09 N/mz. Therefore.9 AEz (ll.400 Yl= arLtAT + Y2= Ptlt AEt P^L^ 0. c = 23.5 _ 23.66667 PZ= 1.8165X0.

A. \. . M 305. GN/mo.Ghopter I 'r03 Torslon Pt Eq. JG OJG L Tr. compute the'shaft diameter. Whar powen.' ..957)(1.71.905) 1.876 -.gOO wtrat'.4o.905 P2 =' = = '(84.canrbe tfansmltted by the.r. m? What maximum shearing stress is developed? USC G = gg 2.5hd1 2I.800 P2 = 26.876 N llolution: 7t.287 N o*F 3 (#) Thgrefore. ------r(t t8)" SS = 43.905 P2 of 14 kN.287 N 26.876 N 71.s55 Pl = PI = 183..4 MPa I'ROBf.611843 21. = 14(6)(tooof Ltcal(es x ro3) PA= PB= PP= Pc '* . Q) (1): (2): (0.ttran :3ojn a 6-m length when subjected to a torque Eq. Pt - r.is'th44nimumdiameter of a solid steel shaft that will not twist throqgli porg..- . .3I(N d : sa " ll8mm 16T zr'dS o _ t6(l4XtoOO)2 os.str€Jsed to 6O Mpa when twisted tlrlough..9OSP2 = 2I.905 P2 = i 21.20 r/s?. if .tn.''.8tO I'ROBLEM 304.solid st'eel straft S.90s) L555.long is. Using G = 83 GPa.Pt + 1.643 71.rlution: e= T= 5s a- TI.8I6s Pr+P2) (1.E.9 kN 26.

rd5 16 r (10001 r (lO4)" T 2trf z 13.ux to31 T = 0.665.r 4tt = 0. m GN/m'. T _ T = _ D2 16T nd- Determine the length of the shortest 2-mmdiameter bronze wire whicb can be twisted through two cpmplete turns without exoseding a shearing'stress of 70 MPa. compute the proper diarneter if G = g3 I A steel marine propeller is to transmit 4.66s MW .lr (1000) L (s5 x lo3) r= --P- S^L GE {rtzla L= 6280 mm d= 104 mm ss= 60= m t- 167 t.252 N.r. | (#) _ 238.732Nr0N.104 T = jsJ r EJG L O= SoJ J!.7S2iI.R0BLEM307.llN.(S) ?Sg. rd3 29Omm t solution: ss 70 = = nul zd" 16T(1000) O= TL JG.295 Watts 1. Use G = 55 Gpa.665.5 mm .5 MW at S r/s without p= p= v- ts.295 N. so d- = l6(238. JG - 4 ". liolution: exceeding a shearing stress of 50 tvtN/fn2 or twisting through more than lo in length of 25 diameters. m/sec 1.5+106 hr.m p= p= PROBLEM3ffi.-P frT 4.252 (hr) QAI 1.73?(rooo)(25d) rQf E d 347.m Used = 348mm .

tho torque capacity (or torsional srenEth) of the hotow shaft is For solid straft: r = #un ftOa-oa'1 r'rr()Btr-EM 310. I'herefore. m .403 lil. t*l g . II = 16 Ts Show that a hollow circular shaft whose inner diameter is half the outer diameter has a torsional strength equal to 15/16 of that of a solid shaft of the same outside diameter.tlf :-t4 t i. .952 N.r = 5.5 deg/rn.$ lrroola-(7ofl J * _ q:: r. Solution: tq J:. fire capacity is the meazure of smength. ss= + l[:. rlution: r = #t#unt Let S = maximum allowable stress of the shaft material./I6 of that of the solid shaft. 16 T.PROBLEM 308.Stoa-aal "r .:3--4- 7. m TL ^ c=iE o.460 x 106 d3 For the hoilow shaft: g = rh(+) T = 8. For hollow shaft: JJ- Determine the maxifnum torque that can be applied to a hollow circular steel shaft of 100-mrn outside diameter and 70-mm inside diameter without exceedinq a shearinq sffess of 60 x 106 N/mZ or a tlrrist of 0.s (#o) = --*o #ti* #r T (looo)2 {?"460 s- -i* u' l:'n x lo6y (83 x ros) '.460xI06 mm4 TE J ## 16 Te zr g=--A tA tr'u-_ T(50)(1000) 7. For the solid shaft: #run -fir J .. fire torque capacity of the shaft is that value which will cause stresses approaching the maximum allowable.JJ IO nd3 rh= t*r. Use G = gi x tO9 H/mZ" #tun .

357 x106 O = 33. " iirirt of 2.714 N.*oa_ 32 '- aa) a) ss = l!+ zd" J .' Using G = 8Ax 109 l"t.nfJl2 xl06 1n12 1s1a lasy ss=+ n T (r000x35) 2.460 x 106 mm4 l.ing a shear- A flexible shaft ing suess of 70 MN/mz or G = GN/m2.r 2.357 e = mm4 n. rigidly attached to a solid shaft 1. m/m.R()BLEM 312.5 m long. an 109 t.s(rro)= T = Max.357 xIOo t. N/mo. Use of 2 N.9m I.f . what will be the angular rotation of qn-e end relative to the other end? Use G = 85 Gpa.5000 2. T = 4._ 2m_-l 16(2l)(1000) n (s)3 7. m PROBLEMJI3: ffit T{L0e^' .! = s^ = DJ ltroota_(70)41 lto = L = de = O= l.5 m length. m . and 70 mm in diameter. Determine the rhaximum torque which can be applied without exceed. find the maxinum strearing stress and the angle of rotation of Ttre steel shaft strown rotates at 3 r/5 with 50 kW taken'off gear A rblative to gear C.444 N.7lE m T! b)e = $* T(50)(1000) nA tw _ 7.[W 'o rcmovcd at B._2.PROBLEM 3I I. m atA. consists oi a S-mmdiameter steel wire encasd in a stationary tube that fits closely enough to impose a frictional torque A stepped steel shaft consists of a hollow shaft 2 m long. petermine the maximum length of the shaft if the shearing suess is not to exceed 140 MPa. and 45 kW applied at C. m J#rtffi (r80xr000) (32)(2) (o)2 (sla 18s x to3) (18-0) (3?) (1000) fb* I Sttoool'l For solid shaft: JJ * _ [*J. Torque = 4.5 deg in the S.+rcx[06 4. with outside diameter of t00 mm and an inside diameter of 70 mm.2Lo e = r# ^-.0o4 N.460 x 106 T = 10.004 N. lirrlution: Solution: For hollow shaft: J ."' fttzof 2.

. tzsta J will not bxceed 60 MN/m2. determine the angle by wir:ch one end of the shaft lags be.592XrOOO)2 .. OR/C = 8.t^tt for AB: nd3 { = t[S..5mm r (75)s Dsmax Sg 28.se2x4xrooo)3 fitsota A 5-m steel straft rotating at Z rlsha. m iiolution.82 MPa = 64.s Z0 kW applied at a gear that 2 rn frorn the left end where 20 kw are removed.i TRg r'&c = - ^ Ds= LA *- -? rd" 16T 500 N.. hind the other end.. At the right end.387 f.86 MPa = BC: e =E* 4 .f.LEM 315: r80 fi eR/c = .m 1000 N"m **c = _ 16 (1000 (1000) 16T t ..#.. a) Find the uniform straft diameter so that the shearing str:ess ir + (2.l..d as shown.. B{J kw are removed and another 20 kw leaves the shaft at l"s m frorn tne right end.il 1'592kN'm 45 2n (3) 2. determine the required diameter of thc shaft if the shearing stress is lihited to 60 MN/mo and the angle of rotation at the free end is not to ora6€d 4 deg. ?AB = ' .86 MPa oR/c = x# PROf.ffiy (zxlooo)l (r.2250 lir:lution: l- p_ 2nf . # t*on [8sxlo3) _ ^ r6(2.s87xr000)4 d ? 51.5 mrn thrd = 5l.387 kN. Using G = gS GN/rnZ..--- r (50)" 64.".. Use G = 85 GN/rnr.IolrLEM 314.9rnm o -sSS for SS 16(r. (b) If a unifqrm srrafr diameter of r0o mrn is specified.. $olution: 30 kw 15 kw 45 kW m-P r-ffi A solid steel shaft is loid...

l0xmm . compute the angnrlar twist for the entire length_when tll rheft ir transmitting a torque of lZ0 N. Use G = 83 x log MN/m2.3 170 N. G.5) "s (: Tr .5mJ 3.{(2.592( lor Bronze: .4480 ss= ss= r._t. Y 30 = Y = Y+".89zl kN.t. = 83 r. (a) Determine the maxi. and Gb = 35 GN/42.387 kN. m s TL JG 180 rl + 3.e of three different materials and is :.979 kN.3 I.smJ. Assuming that no significant discontinuity rcrults from applying the angiular deforn.r SS ')s-*1.7I2TS+TS=3 'tS '[B kN.106(2sxlooo)2 0..s) g ttoo)"tas x roc) - (L.ubjected to tsto applied torques as shown. (b) Find the angle of rotation of the fiee end of the shaft.614 x 106 A round steel straft 3 m long tapers uniformly from a 6O. = F 0.979Xr000)f n (d3) 69.m...num shearing gress developed in each rnaterial. ation equation over each infinitirimd leng'th.--_--.493X3s) '[B = l'712 TS 1'B* Ts .m 3 kN"m (0.N/m2.03 MPa I'til )r1l.6I4X83) l6 (3.64 mm a d= b)O = = = i l'106 kN' m 1.. (looo)3 .387X1. Use Ga = 28 GN/m".AB _ 20 2n(2\ 50 = = 20 kw 20 kw oB I. m 3.liM 318.8%(37}5)(rooo)2 r-* = 28. mcter at one end to a SOmm diarneter at the other end.l .592 kN. m 2.49 MPa for Steel: Stee I ' 0.979 =0s TgL TsL 3 'cD - a) ss _ 60= 16T rdS (2.614 N 106 mrn4 .979(1.7 ^ _190 "oll OO/a = PN. Solution: 45.m 60 3m Dx 303 -= D = A solid compound shaft is mad. m TL JG 'Bc r hr (2) 30 2n (2) A Un llc l*-zm--ft.mm dia.OBLEM 316.

5(3Xl000)3 r 160 r {rtoolatza * ro3/ 0 - 0.73 MPa Scilution: b)g = rH = f.0.zgIo A hollow bronze shaft of 75 mm outer diameter and 50 mm inner diameter is slipped over a solid steel shaft 50 mm in diameter and of the sanne length as the hollow shaft. together at their 6(2.1I MPa a. G = 35 GN/mz.08627 *-4 12 d* Solution: z.OBI-..sxlooo)3 + 1..rsx tos. The two shafts are then fastened rigid- S s Ds 18.os627 f$ t 6 3 g= O= -_o.sXroo0)2 = --n (75)" "I8. G = 83 GN/mz. JG Js O= O= f6 Tdx Jc r70. For bronze.5(2Xlooo)3 fi.tsf . For aluminum: r ly ends.ttzsla-(sofl = 2'493x 106 mm4 r80 tl JB JB _ i- r5ro)4(3._l G)31 r80 e "s 16(1. Ss = For steel: L.02254 rad l'*3 I| 6 3 a)s sz_ 16T ad- For bronze: it l. Js = =|.for $teel.{so)a 2.11 MPa O = O = PR. Determine the rnaximum shearing stress dcvelopcd in each material by end torques of S kN.sxr 000)i z (100)3 S.EM 317.S= TL. m.s(l.Fi r.000 (32) 16 83n j 3 I dx (1Ox)a 2.28920 .6es42l L (o)3 0. = 12.6ss42f-f-.

It is subjected to the loads shown which act at the ends of the vertical rnembers BE and cF.. W-L-I oz = r4(2) xtYl = o XMo=o Dv(7)+ 4(2) +3(2) L *X2 -0 3L x2 'Dv=2KN AV=4f2=6KN AH. These vertical members are rigidly attached to the beam at B and c. m Itl _wL_wL Mr = 57..1 =wL 6 =WX L PROBLEM 441.m MD = 6- 2(3) =g .L = 0 MH = -32+32(L') =0(check) MD = 0+32(l) =32 KN.6 ME=o 23 -! 2 gA11z. m MBI=-I2-6=-l8KN. KN.+1 l) . m R=32 kN )MR. 5 max.Mo =2(42+2\ = 44 KN.m MCI = -22 + 28 = 6 KN.a.= 3 +14 =17 KN =L' 3 a x =-!/3 -t.: .3 WL Mt = 57.m MC = 44 l'RotrLEM 442. = r(.m Ms. M isat V=0 .6 KN.l wl r2-ll '3 2 ' 2' 11o /. = s2 *!1i. Draw shear & moment diaoram for beam ABCD only.1s21 " " . Abeam ABCD is supported by a hinge at A and a roller at D.+ XY =o Solh.m 6(Z'1= MC MB = = -LB-2(2) = -22 KN. - 38(2) = -32 KN.

I .gs TB ' r (7s)g Solution: = = 3143'6 N' m )=J^ J-iJ t= Tr Td 2JS o For steel: B0 16 TS (1000) n (so)3 ^TL e =lc oB= rsT= T= T= 1963. The compound shaft shown is attached to rigd supports.5 m.95 Mpa Ds- 126. determine the ratio of the lengths b/a so that s each b material will bb stressed to its permissible limit.5 + 5143. Solution: SL SL T is sB (2) (r.186 sB . For the bronze segment AB. m os TL =. DG^ =SL An = In problem 319.95 MFa o0 MPa 0. compute the maximum torque T that can be applied.48 MPa (rai$ F 16T . m Ts* TB 1969. S= ry 16 TB (rooo) l6T For brsnze: 37.6 5107. If a = 2m and b = I.116 PROBLEM 3I9. What torque rcquired. and G = 35 GN/m'.s) s^ J' ' so(83) SS 7s(3s) SB = 0'4744 when (= "S B 80 MPa dGg 60 MPa (Ok) = dGs 80 0.1 N.37. For the steel segment BC. the diameter is 50 mm. S < g0 MN7-2. and G = 83 GNim2.TL JG^ JG^ bb 2JSL =dJG ^ IJJ SL 2JSL dJG ^ PROBLEM 320.4744 Ss (60 75(s6) = (rl s0(8s) Ql Use: )80 MPa SS 80 MPa I != $= 1.5 N. the diameter is 75 mm.4744 (80) sBsB= 50= 37. S < 60 MN/m2.

970 + 1.I TL L ^-tTL (l ll' the shaft were hollow. Solution: is A compound shaft I'tLt ='rt3 . . 'L t 'l'l + T2 = IqT rd3 16 (2T)(looo) 50mm6 T ' too = S - .t 322. 1. = 83 Gpa and G" = 2g Gpa.963 6.m t= .'-bTz 't'.m ') r = i6 (5T) (1000) l^ tr (75)3 = z4L L.970 kN.118 For bronze: 6o TB = = 16 TB (looo)2 t:1 i+ l6u 2T # (l.r '2' LT U l^ l..933 kN.rrlneax ro3.steel l (75)3 t' 1637. and the angle of rotation of ihe free end limited to l2e.rx. permissible value T = 1227 N. = Tb/L and T2 = if the shaft were hollow? PROBLEM 32I.rl- lq T = e-PJG 1933N. ( 100 MPa.trGI JzGz (a) = T. l'rrlve that the resisting torques at the walls are T. the same relations would result because J and are still the same for both segments. m rrr.6 N. (b) . m TB*Ts 4. . sa^< 70 Mpa. m TrF 'l'. O2 of an aruminum segment and a steel segment is acted upon by two torques as shown.sx100o)2 + 3r (2x1oo0)2 (so)4 (Bs x rosy S t. . Determine the maximum permissible value of T subject to the following conditions: s.- t2 ' r| d -rTl^ d zz -T I z (50)3 'l'^ (a + b) = Ta z . Use G.r/L.963 kN. m 4. How would these values be changed A torque T is applied as shown to a solid shaft with built-in ends.)l = consisting. of 119 r For. m 8o = 16 Ts (IOOO)2 zr (50)3 rs T= rF lniltil I N. l= I d T = 70 " L227 N.

m applied I m from the left end. $ = tzslatzsx ro31 AB: T 8kN.m T2= r&L 16(2) 0- + (TA - sOOXl..I2 (100)3 MPa = 528N.37 MPa rF l2 kN. liolution: o"r#.5 (re TA 300x1. and to another clockwise torque of 16 kN.8 TA = Q r For BC: (100)3 TO .oa* 12. is A shaft 100 mm in diameter and 3 m long.m l6(sxlooo)2 rA (2) .m TRC = 528N. G = 55 orvl*2.7t t20 PROTLEM 323. Solution: A shaft composed of segments AC. for aluminul. Compute the maximum shearing stress developed in each segment of the shaft.250 = r For CD: t- (100)- ss= -.m TCO = 5?8-300=228N.m TA* TB= 300+7gg TB = f000-S28 'iB = 472N.220.ro[r) rl - 8kN.sXlOOo)2 Tz= 3(l) 33+ T2 $ (rA tsola 1z8x ro31 ss For = _ 12kN.5) (1000 _ TA) ss= (2s)4(8s) 10.and for bronze.*- an/s 4 kN. and DB is fastened to riqid supports and loaded as shown. with built-in subjected to a clockwise torque of 4 kN.8000 = 0 ss= 40.m c _ 16T TA ss= rd3 For steel: . G = g3 GN/m2. ends.m TpS = 4Z2N.095 TA - 13. + + 1. PIIOBLEM 324.m 16 = o kN.. m applied 2 m from the left end.450 + Q 12..m * Tr= iG) 33 T ru OE . mum shearing stress developed in each segments.74MPa T= 8 -4 T= 4kN. For steel.-.. CD. m $= s l6(l2xlooo)2 r 61.m ss= 16(4XlOOO)2 2s.s\ "A/B n TI .m 16T - 1000)(txlooo)2 zd" a. 9 = 28 GN/m2.795 (50f(28) ..

=300 N.56 MPa r (2s)3 153.080 N.92 MPa 50mmQ sb _ = r6(472X1000) "s2 Q= 95.10 MPa (so)4(83 x ro3. each with one end built into a rigid support.29MPa For Bronze: 25 mmo Aluminum S^ r6(r200. Use G = 83 GN/m2 and neglect deformations of the'bolts and flanges.ronr2 T = 15. as shown in the figure. have flanges figidly attached to their free ends.m I2=IQQ |11. However. initially there is a'6o mismqtch in the location of the bolt holes. Determirle the maximum shearing stress in each shaft after the shafts are bolted together.85 MPa FLANGED BOLT COUPLINGS PROBLEM 325.122 ss ss _ = _ 16(528X1000) T r(2x1000)2 32 T(l x looo)2 n (25)s 172. The shafts afe to be bolted together at their flanges.8xr000) z(s0)5 16(r200. liolution: T=PRn ol * 02= 60 -u2 T = t= Sstu (4oxo. A flanged bolt coupling consists of eight jteel 20-mmdiameter bolts spaced evenly around a bolt circle 300 mm in diameter.6 For aluminum: = _ Ip00. ' The two'steel shirfts shown in the figure. I't{oBLEM 326. fi raoltas * lo3) = u*- 123 T Ss I.8X1000) tr(4O)3 JI = = 48. m @ L . m 16T nd3 d^ Dd l6(228X1000) ----z-"(s0)" Steel Sa = 9. Determine the terque capacity of the coupling if the allowable shaering stress in the bolts is 40 MN/mz.rsox8) r = ft .8 N.

230mm4 J be Determine the number of l0-mmdiameter steel bolts that must used on the 300-mm bolt circle of thd coupling described in hoblen 328 to increase the torque capacity to 8 kN. and four lo-mmdiameter steel bolts on a concentric bolt circle 200 mm in diameter.5.6(0. A flanged bolt coupling consists of six l0-mmdiameter steel bolts on a bolt circle 300 mm in diameter. Solution: 5o = T(loooxso) 3.376. how many l0-mm-diameter steel bolts must be used on a 2O0'mdiameter bclt circle so that the coupling will @ as strong as the weaker shaft? Solution: For solid shaft: Pr = #'.1s)(6) + 3I4r. 3L tcoole _ (eo)41 3. What torque of 60 MPa in the bolts? Solution: "- A flanged bolt coupling is used to connect a sorid shaft 90 mm in diarneter to a hollow shaft loo mm in outside diameter and 90 mm in inside diameter.4N ^ D^=_ Dz 6o 16T zr d" !z Rz 4712.124 128 PROBLEM 328. If the allowable shearing stress in the shafts and the bolts is 60 MN/m2.roo)(n) s0g0 = 4osr. m Use T = 4051.10)(4) saY sstu (60)(o.10X4) 5497. m -a2 r =? T = PIRInI !PrRrn2 47L2.3 N.4(r0O) = Rl P2 16T(1000) r(90)s 8588.8 N.230 T = 4051.5 N. L_ I0 bolts 11 = 8.4(0. PROBLEM 327.6 N Pz= T= T= t- PlRlnt * P2R2n2 For hollow shaft: 47r2.5 N.s = J!\gt nl = 9. as shown in the Lb applied without exceeding a shearing stress figure.6(0. ltt Pr= Pl Pt 4: (r0)-(60) 4712. m Tr ^ rs=T r = 50mm J PROBLEM 329.376. say 9 bolts .4(0"1s)(ni) + 3141.6. m T = r50 3141. m.

566. 16(300Xi s0)(1000) 15.. PROBLEM 332. Solve. 100 Pl = 4712.4(0. 20-mm rivets arranged as shown. Solution: 2OO" .4(O.4 N Tr J = PlRnl * . PrRrn. = rzof [2(lso)2 + z6o'121 12.4.E63 45.7O7.problem'328 if the diameter of the bolts used on the mm bolt circle is changed to 20 mm.963 15. max.707.2n2 4712.6 N. Compute the maximum and minimum shear. m J J A2(x2 + y27 T = T \! " T = + f. S.N P.566.-'= P^ z'' j AtRt A2Rz 4712.4 i ll Pz 4 (lo)2(r50) i (20)2 (roo) Qolution: -e YS '2 T = 12. l6(300xs0xr000) 15.r0X4) rJ t 15. min.963 mm4 max.837 MPa St = min.16 kN PI= Pr nos nd2 = $ ruo. S.27? MPa A plate is fastened to a fixed member by four ing stress developed.707.126 PROBLEM330. . S.tsX6) 9267. +PZP.

78Q.000 N. rnrn l(X) mm [2s0P - 150(40)] 1000 N.91 MPa Tr rs.972mm4 6. A2(x2 + y21 J= tleilution: The center of grutly of the rivet group is I00 mm from C.37 kN .(40)(150X1000) T= 6.14 mm' J . tzol2 l4(7q2+6(so)2] II.67A mm4 /\.14 mm. Compute the value of the loadj P so that the average shqaring stress of any rivet does not exceed to MPa. what additional loads p can be^appried before the average shearing stress in any rivet exceeds 60 six 20'mm diameter rivets MN/m2i Solution: a) os- Tr J T. OA = 90. The plate shown in the figure is fastened to the fixed member by three lGmm-diameter rivets.. mm J : l-DlJ +y21 E J J .A61.8 60= 250P - 6000 J = 2. oA= 1go)z + (75).22s P (100) P 64i4N P - 55.000. !2e I'R0BLEM 334. fisten the plate in the figure to the fixed member.[ J- Therefore C is the most stressed rivet.000.000 (90.128 PROBI"EM 333. mm r-i--------ir r= { tso)" + (75)' r= 90.-ffi .14) r1.780. Determine the average shearing stres caused in each rivet by the 40'kN loads.I 0otz [2(s0)2'+ (roo)2 + 2(7s)21 = 784L.972 45.-T ss= ss= b)T "S T = r = 225 P N.

t. when S.at torque can be applied without exceeding a shearirrg stress of.s" G& s" t. + Paq4a 4712(g. m . and four 20". TORSION OF THIN-WALLED TUBES: SHEAR FLOW A flanged bolt coupling consists of six lO-mm_diameter steel:bolts .r mm-diametgffilurirnxm bolts on a ioncentric bolt circle 200 mm in diameter.: l\ z:l' 883s.7 A soluqlbrjl i^:?. I4lh. = 83 GN/mZ and G.7X0.diameter.60 :MN/m' in the steel or 40 MN/m1 in the aJuminum.evddly spaced aroUnd. shape shown A tube 3 mm thick has the elliptical in the figure.r PROBLEM 335. s) = Pr\-q. zEmTJ Ss = 4. . = 60 MPa 60 = 4.r 130 l.rs(6) + 4239(0.. m AtubeSmmthickhastheshapeshowninthefigure'Findthe if dimension a = 75 mm.003)(60) '.. '" T T 2(883s. '. es(lsol = . m .4465^ S" = P_ s P_ a T= T= T= 13.446 S" shearing stress caused by a torque of 700 N. ..:\'l Jt'l " t' \ 2.1 0)(4) 5937 N. H nab . (10)z(60) tzolz = 47r2N 4zse N (Ls.. f.g**" = ss 3i81N.t{oBLEM 339. A $9. s. rrr: l- 2 Ar s". ::: .= 28 GN/m2 ?Holil l1M 338. Use G.a bolt circle 300 mm in.49 MPa ( zl0 MPa (safe) . What torque will cause a shearing stress of 6O MN/m2l lglrtti.

7 mm 98.8L4. tJse G = 83 GN/ma. A helical qpring is rnade by wrapping steel wire 20 mm in diameter around a forming cylinder 150 mm in diameter. Hrrlution.1.615 r Solutionr l s reo..l-:iL goplem S39 ss s _ 16(2000x80) n (20)s / \i(l:]' 4(8). -T 2A.=S.. . 1 4m -'l ' 4m-.P'Rs.I if a torque of.600 N. z I a A= A .615 m r 2R d PROBLEM 340.2L89 .r33 HELICAL SPRINGS Solution: FIottLEM 343.- t T) 0. Compute the number of turns required to permii.30 MPa ss "iEffi Ss m= r6 zr Ft d" 7.2mm2 700{1000} 64. (10)' + 75(2Q) Dete'nlne thelqrqximum shearing stress and elongation in a herical steel spring composed of 20 turns of 20-mmdiameter wire on a mean radius of-80 mm. Find rtim"nd?1. ca4 20 a I tr ltOy? + Y_ Y = 64(2oooxso)3(20) 1qs x ro311zoy4 = 600(r0oo) 2(100r + zQa) (3) 55.1 Sr 4Ri 85 mm R = 75+10 .4 r ^ 0. S. 'l Y 2A. .-tr rd" .n S=T s _ A= 70. .6o'ilpa 64.S--:. rn .an elongation of I00 mrn without exceeding a shearing stress of 140 MPa Use G o 83 GPa" I l rl111i6n ' c _ l6PR . m causee 4 shearing stres of 70 MN/nZ.when the spring is supporting a load of 2 kN.7 mm a= I'ROBLEM 345.

+?. compute the maximurnload that will not exceed a shearing stress of I40 Mpa in either spring.| (?sfGo) paf P2 T:rO dt 4R' P.. Solution: P is supported by two conceflwiarte*] eprings arranged as shown.x:1o311zoj PROBLEM 349" r . Use G = 85 GN/m2. 140 Pt 140 = tul* zt (l * d" t6 Pr (7s) = r(20)s 2749 N 16 P2(100) n (30)3 20 tr + ZEI [1 + @ 30 Solution: P2 = 6904 N Yl = Y2* 20 . Each of ttib outer springs consists of I8 turns of.firni Pp= p= = 3. The central spring has 24 turns of 20-mrn wire on a mean diameter of 150 pm.2(2249) = 8796.134 140 = 16 P (E5) n (2o)3 rr. = 2157.5 N Y= 100 = 64PR-'n -. If a load P = 5 kN is now applied to the plate. The inner spring consists of 30 turns of e-mm-diamepr'wire A load PROBLEM 35I. G dz4 iil each spring.5 N on *i* diameter of r50 mm.. P=5 kN l. aetermine the maximum shearing stress orn = _ Unrr*f. mm higher than the symmetrically located outer springs.i. 10-mm wire on a mean diameter of I00 mm.a& rf P Ir P2 Pz r35 2749N p. the odter spring has 20 turniof s0'.. " mm wire on a mean diameter of 200 mm. G A riqid plate of negligible mass rests on a central spring which is 2Q. "1.2Pr.5N < 2749 N (safe) Pl*P2 2157.5 "+ 69c/- 9051.2PI s. Z If P2 cd4 6904 Pl 1as.8N > 6904 N (fail) = 6904 = 3.2(roo)3(20) -= 3.= !z 6aPiRrsn.. 2443..= tgias.

Solution. 12014 0.46l.72N PZ the springs. db W = t0(9.mi rdc tu . = . Sg 46. Each spring consists of 20 turns of r0-mm wire having jof .?!l 64pz$oy31ray +20 .M88 P1 Pr qg.3 r(20)s lI + 4(75) I ' PI+ 2P2 tt. is zupported by two identical springs as shown. s-s = rnax. Sg J9E 11 \. A rigid bar.9 MPa : [i rq + 4(50) I . tCI (as+ f t-2n---t-2n---L-2ml * AI h-A---l-L IFry PI P2 = = 3. hinged at one end.g) + 2PZ E.8I) = 98.86) P2 = lL7.86 N P2 = 2{58. s o. 500gi P2 = 826N Pt+2(826)=5000 Pt = 3348 N l6PR /l * d .64PrRrlnr. o1 6apzR21t? G.55s2 2P2 P_Z + 4o9.. x ro3.* rds 'z (10)" 4 d=t R' 1 =lw r = rr.r) 294.I N >M"-0 A rnax.1 'r.1735 r.4 a2 + 2o oq 1es ereq]1|.DI l6(3348X7s) ?PL+4PZ 20 = = 6(e8. Neglect the mass of the rigid bar. = -S2= " "s2 = e 170'5 MPa L=h 24 Y2 r6(826xs0) z(10)J 220.150 a mean diameter mm. = 2Yt = 64p^R3o Ga4 2(64)P' RSn Gd4 PROBLEM 353. 4 G.55ffiF. compute the maximum shearing sftess in = 2Pt Pt * z(z P1) = 294'3 Pt = 58.-(r' .llPa .1flif 0. et i$F-e 5000 l'I Pt + {3.

= P2 = 367.6 P2 .4 P.2APi ttu = = 490.2 - l. As shown in the figure. rr' - nrr)r- @) l0 s8.9 - 1. xMs.f. .75 3Pr+ 2P.23tgg 64 p"(zs)3(48) 1+z t0 34 P3 PS 3. = 2t9..1.5 .s-Yt = S(Yr'.9 -I.7x50) zr (103 l0 lr + @'l gsz 4O. meter of 100 mm.4P. Each steer spring has 24 turns of r.23133 p) z(o.2. and G = g3 GN/m2.93 MPa l6(resxTs) +- 20 4(75) ' .5(144.23133 pt 64P2FOt)3Q4') (8s x 150.29MPa tta . Q 50(9. Compute the maximum shearing stress in each spring. .6P2. The bronze spring has 4g turns of 2'-mrndiameter wire on a mean diameter of r50 mm.Yt Yz_Yt =_ 3t Y.9 64 PRS n 1692.gxso) rr .2.81) Pl * $$P2 . = 3Pr+ 2Y.7 N Y2.5) 735.12014 = 0.5 pt Sclution: 4. -3Y.s Pl ) - 1. I Pg =i 50(9.9 Pr 144"8 N - 1.7 N 150.4 XV= 0 Yg Pt + P2 + PZ + o 'sl: tt. a homogenous 50-kg rigid block is suspen.?).{(14{..l "T rdS 16 x 103.19286 Ps Ys . = 490. .-mmdiameter wire on a meandia.t l6(1s0. = (lll{.4 Pl = 490.8IXl.6(150. = 3Y2-2YI 0.= t 64 Pr(so)5(24) (as x ro3xro)4 = = = = = 367.72 MPa tr. ded by three springs whose rower ends were originally at the same level.5 Y= - 6.8) l95N v Yg s.5 4. t = (r* .138 PROBLEM 355.6(367..8) Yt = Y2= - 0.Y1) Yg-Yt = 3Y.--------[I n (2oc') 9. and G = 42 GN/m2.5 Gd4 Pt = P2 P2 P2 y. = )(10) p2 0.19286 Pa = 3(0.23lgg pt) pl Pg = 3.

'u-rox MBc = 74x 30 (x . = 30 (2) + 10 (10) (5) = 100 . MCD = 20X .50 (X-2) €It4O tMA=0 l6 R.2) .4 10-6 AtrT1-I r-1 KN l0 kN KN lokN vAn Mng vBc Moc write shear and moment equatidns for the beams in the following problems.ftt 30 kN € M)r: 30(X) . Also draw shear and moment diagrams. = 56 KN Itl = 30+10(f0)-56 l{t = 74 KN VAB = 74-I0XKN MAB = 74x-lo(x)$l*.20x KN. = 30X=50X+100+4OX-24o.Iox = (N4x+29)KN.m vrrn = -10+6 = -4KN = 6(X ^2) + 40. specifying values at all change of loading positions and at ail points of zero *rear. PROBLIM: 403 50 kN 20 kN ^.tox 1JL1 MBC= (.M = l0KN = 10X KN. = 6(X-2)-IoX Mnc = 1-4X-12)KN.140 KN. m VCD = 30-50+40 = 20KN MCD ." vBC = 74-30-lOX VBc=. Sheur snd tomenfr in Bearns Load Diagram Increasing Decreasing Shear Diagram -0 + 40 = l0(7) 6 ftt Momcnt l1.m VBC = 30-50= -20KN MBC = 30X .S XZ +4{X + 60)KN.izp KN. m = -10+6 = -4KN Mcp Mc:D Rr=6 kN I'ROBLEM: 405 SOLUTIONS: =0 6 R2 = 50(2) + 20 (7) R2 = 40kN Rt = 50+20-!0 Rl = 30kN VAB = 30 kN MAB = 30 rKN. Neglect the mass of the beam in each problem.140 Ghapter q l0 kN l'RollLEM: 404 -Mr) ti l{ .t /'----\ Increasing Decreasing tt't \-z .s0(x -4+qo (x-6) . M - l. rr MBC or Ir.-2O (7 * X) = 20X . M McD = .

Lz 3 .667 .z7$41 2 lX M--I"rr*o.T4'. 70x-**t) \.-xvt*) .g = -1= L_X PROBLEM: 408 w L y = f (L-x) €MO=0 6Rz = 30 (2) (l) + ls (4) (4) R2 = 50KN RZ = 30(2) + tS(4) -s0 Rl = 70KN VAB = 70. v.L-x) wx --d .r=-!xz-xv 2 \.4F-?) -36 36(5-X) 30(x-2) =fw'L 2 = = .24 MOt = 24X VBC = 24-30(x VBe = 84-3OX MBc= VaO = McD = 30 -2) PRODLEM 4II: 24x-so(x.50X MAB = z=J_ XL 7 =L L Y re.r Vrc = 70-& -15(X-2) VBC = MBC {O-lsX = = -|"**. r"4' rs (x = =I-t1= 0. -*P. w.x=24=o.t42 PROBLEM: 407 €MA=O 5 ' R2 = 30 (2) (3) R2 = 36KN Rl = 30 (2)-36 Rl = 24KN V1g = .(L-x) = 70X-60(X-1) y .

"r Plloltl.# . f X v _yI L l.IrM 415: _ drl _xr 3L 2L' M.) R2 =50KN VgC = 20-8X Rt = 6(10)-so Rt = loKN VnR = 10 = 20(x-2)-8x(f ) = 2ox.m Mn* = IOX VBc = l0 - Io(X -2) rdBc = 10X MBc = VCD -Io lx -zyL21 ITROtf LEM 416: Iox -5 (x-2)2 IMa -0 Re = l0(S -X) (2-r.H.. wxs 1'qx' . =WX .-J{xs lll = 3L2 Uxs _wx2 6L2 _ -v{x2 * l[xs 2L It = 8(5) -20 ll = 20KN M = 8(sx2.40 -4xz MBC = e4X2 + 20X -40) KN.l L'(L) ' = IL 2 '3 R2 McD = role -xX McD = -5(8-x)2 q-Iy Rl -w! 3 _LV! l& Rl = 23 6 = = '!!I.s) -20(3) M = 40KN.n Vnt = -8X PROBLEM 412: EMg=0 6R2 = t0(6xs) l0 kN/m ** MBc MBC = -t*(.

\r) ] gl. I .f 2 -'3' M = Wry _ l121gx1 . z?x J ..\z' 2 (WX_L 4 I=W It.-{ 6t ._L-ftf 4L M= M=wlr_wrs 66L for rnax.L IVN/m V=WLWX2 62L M = Rr *vfIt .L o* - +". = 18 KN x-L =20 z X y = 2tt{X I . -0 A R2=12KN R. Rt _lf rtilx.v =Rl .wxs !3L IA rl.X. = l(sl(zot_ rz ' 2"'. aoL 1/2xy lM = W-LX -!xz(?WI) A/ o = wL o=L 7r T _yxz 62L M = ]^/I.T' 6 6 ' v=Y.3. Rl = R2 ) = ILL .-x .l '.L.l*v 2 t47 'I l\'l v = wL _ I v/Wx. M.R. V = 0 RrX-IxufIt r 2 . = ltqizoXzl PITOBLIM 417: )M..NLZ 18 "'-TE /t M = -!vlo-2 y =IL2 I2 rkOttLEM 4t9: e6 .=.t 6 2.s I6'E 6L "B ra=)NL2 -wL2 824 -Wl .3 4 '2' s.M isatX =* z n = W-L t l\/r "F = fl-l _ l{ ..

* (t + cos o) or considering the right segment max.PR(r -Cor 0) VA = .P Sin0 MA = .4 x12axy x.xy tt" =* R-Rcoso + PRCos 0 18* l-Qft2 = 0 5 A R.^ Msc m = ti l. wnte the Soln.LOx2 9 I' "BC -lesrd Pt2 MBc = j n. Mec = tf .. (a) the load P is verticd as shown. m Mac = frl (. 2 3"3 = I8X . shear and momcnt equationc for thc built-in circular shosn. 18-lxv fI11 = 2' van = fn(\tLEM 422.Moccursat V=0 MBC 12 (5 l/2.r cos (l8o - o) f-Rcos(180-0) PROBLEM: 42t.885 KN.coso) -!2 2 vsc "----iMee MRe sin n8o - o) = r8X . 18. R Cos (180 -0) PR Cos (180 * 0) Vrg = -12 *X) = max.M max.' . Mnc = l0X2 = 54 X = 2.V".IX(20X) 2 3' !-QlL2 3 VRg Mae J sin 6 v"^ fID = 1s - =j *. = 18(2.324m fl ll' | !8 T - gesg + PR cos 0 [. (b) if the load P ie horizontal to the + cos o) MA:-PRsino vA=-PCoso .324) - 10(2'324\" 9 Msc = * R Cos (lso -g) M = 27..

R2=6KN R.a. = 30 KN li. determine p g so ir{)rnent over each support equals the moment at.. = 50-30 *20KN lvi' i'ilrl = 20(2) = 40 KN.m -25 l\4a = 169 + 20(3) = Mn "2= ] (40 + 351 = sz. In the overhanging beam shown. +.lO KN. = 13.150 PROBLEM 427: XMr'= rll(flll. m Mc = -10 + l4(1) = 4 KN.5 --r-(zt+ao)(s) "2' MC = -o0 KN. PROBLEM 428 ).5=20-P t' 8. = l0+2eO)_6 R.8 - -l (OXo.[otsLEM 433.M^ = 60 kN 6 50 kN XMo =9 4Rz = 60(1) + 30(6) + 5(4)(2) R2 = 70KN 'rli.. = F P(l) + 5(1)(0.m r 2 "' =g = 12 - (6)(2) t..8 KN. n l't2. R1 =40KN RI 2n 79 - 200 - _ 160 KN..200= 50(7) l{.4_ l0 n.m M" = 37. . m MF MD ME r:le Mt.-6 = 3P+60-4P_ 40 = -10(l) = .'= 2o-P = t* le+)(r.5 KN. = (P+20)(s)-p(4) -s(4)(2) tV.EM 430.5 x MB =_14=1. m = 40 Rt = 60+30+514. mid span.. m MO -'I00 =-100+50(2) =0 KN.75 KN = i3.5) =p +2. = 24KN lil = P+5(4) = P+2O Mu-ME lvl.OO)= 12 KN. that the sR2+10(1) lrrl'l = t0(2)(2) .m .

6m 20 ...s) = so Ipt so-so = o flttttLlitU 439. 20(4)(3) PROBLEM 436.m ..5m .5) + 60 R2 =24KN R1 = 30+20(3)-24 Rr=66KN R.m MD = -36+69 = +24 KN.tt.70KN .. X MB 59 = 1.m Mg = 24 hlt. 2o(2)(t) + 40(2) + S2(5) X = f9 = 20 O. m X | -42KN € = I. " 48 KN RI R : l0 +20(2) - t0(2) R=30KN ME = -10(3)-20(2Xt) + t0(2xs) a = 20(4')-48 l . Abeam supported on three reactions as shown consists of two segments joined at a frictionless hinge at which the bending Iilililrent ii ZefO..52KN lrurr.8) M.m 3C(l) = -30 KN. = 2. l{l l{ Mg = 30 KN. 2O(2) + 40 + 32 M. m xF 52. o - 24(L) =g .5 KN. = 0 'trt . =o 5R2 + 3q11. l{..| tsoxr.152 PROBLEM 434.gp 20 = It.4 KN.m Mg = 20 + - 70 20(l) = 40 KN... M"=2.zl -12 KN. = 20 KN.m MF = -30+ 1=(36X1. l:. lM.ryr MD = -12 -24(t)='-36 KN. = . m 5o + -L (Ioxo.s) = 52.4_ v2\ MC = )tz+litr.s. lri 40 tto(I) = 5o KN. XM. = 20(3)ft.

m Itl _wL_wL Mr = 57.m 6(Z'1= MC MB = = -LB-2(2) = -22 KN.+1 l) . m R=32 kN )MR. = r(. Abeam ABCD is supported by a hinge at A and a roller at D.m MCI = -22 + 28 = 6 KN. W-L-I oz = r4(2) xtYl = o XMo=o Dv(7)+ 4(2) +3(2) L *X2 -0 3L x2 'Dv=2KN AV=4f2=6KN AH.6 ME=o 23 -! 2 gA11z. It is subjected to the loads shown which act at the ends of the vertical rnembers BE and cF.m MC = 44 l'RotrLEM 442..m Ms.a. m MBI=-I2-6=-l8KN. M isat V=0 . KN. Draw shear & moment diaoram for beam ABCD only.m MD = 6- 2(3) =g .Mo =2(42+2\ = 44 KN.L = 0 MH = -32+32(L') =0(check) MD = 0+32(l) =32 KN.1 =wL 6 =WX L PROBLEM 441. 5 max.= 3 +14 =17 KN =L' 3 a x =-!/3 -t..1s21 " " . - 38(2) = -32 KN.3 WL Mt = 57.: . These vertical members are rigidly attached to the beam at B and c.6 KN.l wl r2-ll '3 2 ' 2' 11o /.+ XY =o Solh. = s2 *!1i.

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