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Published on www.PaGaLGuY.com | August 17, 2009
“There is no need to panic, guys; CAT 2009 is no different from any past CAT as regards Quant & DI.”
As a serious CAT‐09 aspirant, do you completely agree to it? Although there is no need to panic, CAT 2009 is certainly different from the past CAT as regards the right ways to approach it. We have been assured many times through official notifications about CAT 2009 that IIMs are trying to keep the test as close to the old‐paper‐pencil‐based pattern as possible. The freedom offered in a Linear‐Computer‐Based format supports their claim. However, the fact that it will be held on a computer screen is strong enough to make us re‐ visit our test taking strategies. The need to reduce or counter‐balance the time‐wastage‐per‐question, which seems to be a certain outcome of reading the data from computer screen, cannot be over emphasized. This, together with the fact that CAT Quant & DI are getting more reasoning oriented, would prove our excessive dependence on the quick‐ calculation‐faculties a mere illusion. This mirage, if not dealt with carefully today, will anyhow disappear in November end. Nevertheless, today’s mistakes would be tomorrow’s blunders.
Past few years have proven to each serious MBA aspirant that a 99.99 Percentile in CAT is beyond quick calculations and Vedic Math. Though these skills are essential to set the mood, they hardly have helped a CAT taker who does not know how to logically approach a Quant or DI problem. Probably, that’s the reason why test makers are turning towards more logical problems and less calculation‐thirsty sitters. Your MOCK Online CAT scores stand witness to the hard fact that as the Quant and DI problems turn more logical the time per question is bound to increase. This is because a logical problem needs a logical solution and to break the code you must spend time analyzing the given data. Hence, there is a need to curb this time‐flu before it causes major damage.
So. Sometimes the question statements are either very lengthy or involve a lot of ambiguous data which otherwise can be simplified on the scratch paper simply by . All choices scanned. you’d consider only 2nd & 4th. can challenge our capability to stay consistent with a single unit of the data – especially the one used in the answer choices.A HOLISTIC APPROACH If we analytically assess the challenges a computer can pose. you have forgotten which were closer and which could be skipped now. 3. × 2 × 4 × in this case. Challenge of Consistency… which although a by‐product of poor concentration on computer screen. Then how should you save time? Simply by writing the important ones on the scratch paper. Concentration Challenge… which is the root cause of “having to RE‐RE‐RE‐Read” a question statement / answer choices / a chart / an equation in order to unlock the relevant information in it. if ignored. 1 CHALLENGE Concentration EXAMPLES Think of a question based on logical arrangement. Actually. Choice 2 seems “closer”. Now.g. 4. we can reach the so called Holy‐grail strategy for CAT‐09 Quant and DI. The analysis by TCYonline experts broadly exposes 5 major challenges a CAT 09 Quant or DI problem can pose. 3rd & 5th as they are on the computer screen. They are: 1. Challenge of Relevance… which. You read the question and draw a framework on the rough paper. move to answer Choice 1 – “doesn’t fit”. 2. the moment you come back. And there is only one way to meet these challenges – “Common‐sense”. you decide to look at the framework (from your notes) again. However. may push us into the data‐ware‐house‐of‐the‐chart or graph. Choice 4 “can also be the answer” and Choice 5 can “never be the answer”. Optical‐Illusion Challenge… which leads us to assume the “Not‐otherwise‐givens” thereby deviating from the logic and falling into the set trap. Challenge of Interpretation… which is caused by many statements which are difficult to retain in mind (because you cannot highlight any of them). now you must have looked at 2nd and 4th only and saved a lot of time but you could not strike off 1st. Choice 3 is “weird”. E. 5. Now by the time you come‐back to the choices. it can be easily translated into specifics as follows: NO.
And we fell into the trap. another test administered b Prometric. We try to understand every piece where as in some questions some items are not covered or stated. This has been explained in an example from CAT 2007 below. Punjab. in one graph all distances are given in m while in other they are given in km. An example below (from past CATs) explains optical illusion. MP etc. approach in DI should be Question centric and NOT data centric especially in the Round 1 of your attempt.g. Hence. To add to the confusion. Sometimes these units are kept different in both graphs. Hence. Wheat. Sometimes. km) of measurement in both the graphs. 2 Optical‐Illusion Remember that diagrams in the questions are NEVER drawn to scale (unless specified otherwise). U. Many times. That is. Here we should specifically notice units (cm. a triangle may look exactly like a Right Angled Triangle and it would not be clearly mentioned in the question statement. what we generally do is that we start understanding the complete stuff and the relation of all the parameters with respect to one another E. . 4 Consistency Sometimes there are 2 graphs to be referred to in one Question‐set. You may very easily fall into the trap if you do not re‐draw it as a scalene / isosceles (whatever the given data suggests) on your scratch paper. Production of Rice. We know that the figures in the Geometry problems have angles. we just estimate the answer based on an angle that looks bigger (or smaller) as per the figure. m. Additionally. smaller angles are deliberately shown bigger in size making us fell into the trap. doing this on computer screen consume even more time because of “low concentration problem”. Here. 3 Relevance Many a time. This is especially through in case of problems involving logical arrangement of the data or those involving Venn‐Diagrams.formulating the problem in steps as you read it. This has been explained in an example from CAT 2003 below.P. it has been seen that a consistent‐formulation of a problem on the rough paper can un‐lock all the variables and constants in order to reach multiple answers. This has been explained in an example from past CATs below.. it has been seen that a graph or a chart in DI contain a lot of information or sometimes student will have to refer two charts to answer a set of questions. Such kind of illusions are very common in GRE. Pulses in Maharashtra.
if we start formulating the problem on the scratch paper as we read.. the answer is nk – n = n (k– 1).5 Interpretation In many DI questions involving logical arrangement of data. . life gets easier. considering all the n teams together? (1) n(k – 1) (4) k(n – 2) (2) k(n – 1) (3) n(k – 2) (CAT 2007) (5) (n – 1)(k – 1) Such question statements demand good concentration.Tn. This has been explained in an example from past CATs below Here are a few examples from past CATs: Concentration Question 1 In a tournament. So.. the proper interpretation of the data in the form of tables and flowcharts helps a lot in reaching the correct answer. How many players are participating in the tournament. with n > 5. there are n teams T1. k>3. Each team consists of k players. ……. Here. the given pairs confuse us. However. T2 & T3. T2. Answer (1) .. For instance. Our notes go something like this: There are “n” teams “k” players in each team “n” pairs (the confusing part was this simple) of teams have 1 player in common. Tn – 1 & Tn and Tn & T1 No other pair of teams has any player in common. The Solution 1: following pairs of teams have one player in common: T1 & T2..
However. Make adjustments in your assumptions by keeping in mind that the sum of angles of the big triangle must be 180o You will find that only 25o comes as the result. in order to accurately reach the solution. Optical‐Illusion Question 2 In the figure. Hence. these sides do not seem to be equal. in the figure. Then DAE is approximately: Solution 2: It is given that AB = BC = CD = DE = EF = FG = GA. then C = 15 (isosceles) and then keep calculating the angles further we can reach the solution fast (for this you must have drawn the figure on to the scratch paper). Work from the choices. If we put A = 15. AB = BC = CD = DE = EF = FG = GA. we have to proceed with the given data and NOT according to the given figure. Answer (4) (1) 15 o (2) 20 o (3) 30 o (4) 25 o ( CAT 2000) .
remember – the more you read without referring to the question. It was known that 20 of them took all three rides. isn’t it? But if you really refer to the question first you will find that in order to answer it. Hence. the highest? (1) 1996 A lot of data. and Ferris wheel. roller coaster. (2) 1997 (3) 1998 (4) 1999 (CAT 2003) Consistency Directions Eighty five children went to an amusement park where they could ride on the merry‐go‐round. the more you’ll get confused (and therefore waste time). we don’t at all require the first chart. Relevance Question 3 Solution 3 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Per Capita Availability of Tea (gms) in Chaidesh 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 487 464 510 544 566 1995 1996 1997 Year 1998 1999 (Note: Availability is defined as production less export. From second chart we can say that it is highest in 1997. as a proportion of tea produced. Just concentrate on the required data to solve this question. and 55 of them took at least .) Production and export of Tea (Chaidesh) 207 189 209 215 220 0 200 400 600 421 561 587 645 660 800 Export (million kg) Production (million kg) In which year during the period 1996–99 was Chaidesh’s export of tea.
we can answer both the questions together. if we put all the given information in a consistent way. How many children did not try any of the rides? How many children took exactly one ride? . . Question 4 Question 5 Solution 4 & 5: two of the three rides. (1) 5 Total children = 85 = 20 = 55 – 20 = 35 = 145 – (20 × 3 + 35 × 2 ) = 15 = 85 – ( 20 + 35 + 15) = 15. Each ride cost Re 1. and the total receipt of the amusement park was Rs 145. (2) 10 (3) 15 (4) 20 (1) 5 (2) 10 (3) 15 (4) 20 Children who have taken 3 rides Children who have taken 2 rides Children who have taken 1 ride Children who have taken 0 rides Therefore.
16. A ‐ 20 + 90 ‐ 10 B C D (2) C.66 Would you take the chance to write all the data on the paper again??? Hey! You have got to work smart here! Just put the given information in the required format. Interpretation Question 6 Solution 6 Which tank gets emptied first and how does it take (in minutes) to get emptied after pumping starts? (1) A. Answer (3) . 20 (4) D. 20 (3) D. B. Hence it will get emptied first and in 1000/ 50 = 20 minutes. C and D). each containing 1000 liters of a chemical. 25 (CAT 2005) A chemical plant has four tanks (A. The chemical is being pumped from one tank to another as follows: From A to B @ 20 liters/ minute From C to A @ 90 liters/ minute From A to D @ 10 liters/ minute From C to D @ 50 liters/ minute From B to C @ 100 liters/ minute From D to B @ 110 liters/ minute + 20 ‐ 90 + 10 + 50 ‐ 50 + 100 ‐ 100 + 110 ‐ 110 50 liters is going away from tank D every minute.
stream or gender and get fresh set of recommended tests on the weak areas. For instance.A few more things one can exercise in his MOCKs are: Keep in mind the same old plan of doing the paper in 3 rounds.TCYonline. all for free.twitter. Test Generator that gives ultra‐flexibility to the CAT aspirant for generating tests.com/TCYonlineCAT) & Facebook (www. form study groups in your city and attend gyaan sessions. Also it is expected that as the test goes online the percentage of Data‐Sufficiency question will increase.TCYonline.php) with unlimited access to 250+ chapter‐wise. Also. forward and rewind and to watch it in full screen.com is India’s biggest and most trusted source for MBA preparation. Use PaGaLGuY’s hugely popular discussion boards to interact with thousands of MBA students in top b‐schools. if it did not allow (highly unlikely) you to move back. option to pause. Take the first All India FREE MOCK e‐CAT at www.Preparation). Now as the test is on computer you must follow a very logical approach to select the questions in Round 1 and 2. sometimes there are 2 – 3 questions based on one set of data.com/e‐CATs/eCATs. Sms BEGIN MBA to 56070 to join.000 MBA aspirants each month. Read best inspiring CAT prep stories of 19 successful MBA students in a FREE downloadable ebook at http://www.pagalguy. it is also expected that the amount of data in the Graphs and charts will be less and with a logical approaches described above you would be able to come up winners! All the best!! www. Get FREE SMS updates on b‐school forms. In DI you must attempt the questions that can be answered by read minimum information from the graphs / charts. ones involving minimum equations should be preferred.com/books About TCYonline TCYonline features one of the most advanced online testing and benchmarking engine for CAT preparation and offers a comprehensive online CAT course (www. In Quant. last dates and results.com/cat2009/cat_preparation.php .PaGaLGuY. MBA aspirants. Challenge Zone to Challenge. sectional and MOCK CATs together with the UNIQUE features like TCY Analytics – that allows one to benchmark his performance with the Toppers from a city. Moreover. Here we are assuming that Prometric will allow you to move back and forth among the questions. pace up and compete with your friends real‐time on a test and Voice based Flash Lectures with faster downloads. Follow TCY on Twitter (www.facebook.com/Cat. They are also expected to consume less time once the problem is properly drawn on to the scratch paper. However. your time per question will definitely increase as you will have to skip a question only if you know you cannot do it at all given the fact that you will never come back to it. used by over 500.
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