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Published
on
www.PaGaLGuY.com
|
August
17,
2009


New
Quant‐DI,
New
Strategy

By
TCYonline.com
 


“There is no need to panic, guys; CAT 2009 is no different from any past CAT as regards Quant & DI.” 

As
a
serious
CAT‐09
aspirant,
do
you
completely
agree
to
it?
 
 Although
 there
 is
 no
 need
 to
 panic,
 CAT
 2009
 is
 certainly
 different
 from
 the
 past
 CAT
 as
 regards
 the
 right
 ways
 to
 approach
it.
We
have
been
assured
many
times
through
official
notifications
about
CAT
2009
that
IIMs
are
trying
to
keep
 the
 test
 as
 close
 to
 the
 old‐paper‐pencil‐based
 pattern
 as
 possible.
 The
 freedom
 offered
 in
 a
 Linear‐Computer‐Based
 format
supports
their
claim.
However,
the
fact
that
it
will
be
held
on
a
computer
screen
is
strong
enough
to
make
us
re‐ visit
our
test
taking
strategies.
The
need
to
reduce
or
counter‐balance
the
time‐wastage‐per‐question,
which
seems
to
 be
 a
 certain
 outcome
 of
 reading
 the
 data
 from
 computer
 screen,
 cannot
 be
 over
 emphasized.
 This,
 together
 with
 the
 fact
 that
 CAT
 Quant
 &
 DI
 are
 getting
 more
 reasoning
 oriented,
 would
 prove
 our
 excessive
 dependence
 on
 the
 quick‐ calculation‐faculties
a
mere
 illusion.
 This
 mirage,
 if
not
dealt
with
carefully
today,
will
anyhow
disappear
in
November
 end.
Nevertheless,
today’s
mistakes
would
be
tomorrow’s
blunders.
 


THE
LOGIC
PREVAILS

Past
few
years
have
proven
to
each
serious
MBA
aspirant
that
a
99.99
Percentile
in
CAT
is
beyond
quick
calculations
and
 Vedic
Math.
Though
these
skills
are
essential
to
set
the
mood,
they
hardly
have
helped
a
CAT
taker
who
does
not
know
 how
to
logically
approach
a
Quant
or
DI
problem.
Probably,
that’s
the
reason
why
test
makers
are
turning
towards
more
 logical
problems
and
less
calculation‐thirsty
sitters.
Your
MOCK
Online
CAT
scores
stand
witness
to
the
hard
fact
that
as
 the
 Quant
 and
 DI
 problems
 turn
 more
 logical
 the
 time
 per
 question
 is
 bound
 to
 increase.
 This
 is
 because
 a
 logical
 problem
needs
a
logical
solution
and
to
break
the
code
you
must
spend
time
analyzing
the
given
data.
Hence,
there
is
a
 need
to
curb
this
time‐flu
before
it
causes
major
damage.



 So.
 Sometimes
 the
 question
 statements
 are
 either
 very
 lengthy
 or
 involve
 a
 lot
 of
 ambiguous
data
which
otherwise
can
be
simplified
on
the
scratch
paper
simply
by
 .
All
choices
scanned.
you’d
consider
only
2nd
&
4th.
 can
 challenge
our
capability
to
stay
consistent
with
a
single
unit
of
the
data
–
especially
the
one
used
in
the
answer
 choices.A
HOLISTIC
APPROACH
 
 If
we
analytically
assess
the
challenges
a
computer
can
pose.
 you
 have
 forgotten
 which
 were
 closer
 and
 which
 could
 be
 skipped
 now.
 3.
 
×



2



×



4



×







in
this
case. Challenge
 of
 Consistency…
 which
 although
 a
 by‐product
 of
 poor
 concentration
 on
 computer
 screen.
 Then
how
 should
you
save
time?
 
 Simply
by
writing
the
important
ones
on
the
scratch
paper. Concentration
 Challenge…
 which
 is
 the
 root
 cause
 of
 “having
 to
 RE‐RE‐RE‐Read”
 a
 question
 statement
 /
 answer
choices
/
a
chart
/
an
equation
in
order
to
unlock
the
relevant
information
in
it.
if
ignored.
 1
 CHALLENGE
 Concentration
 EXAMPLES
 Think
of
a
question
based
on
logical
arrangement.
 Actually.
Choice
 2
 seems
 “closer”.
Now.g.

 4.
 we
can
reach
the
so
called
Holy‐grail
strategy
for
CAT‐09
 Quant
and
DI.
The
analysis
by
TCYonline
experts
broadly
exposes
5
major
challenges
a
CAT
09
Quant
or
DI
problem
can
 pose.
3rd
&
5th
as
they
are
on
the
computer
screen.
They
are:
 1. Challenge
of
Relevance…
which.
You
read
the
question
and
draw
 a
framework
on
the
rough
paper.
move
to
answer
Choice
1
–
“doesn’t
fit”.
 2.
the
moment
you
come
back.
 
 And
 there
 is
 only
 one
 way
 to
 meet
 these
 challenges
 –
 “Common‐sense”.
you
decide
to
look
 at
the
framework
(from
your
notes)
again.
 However.
may
push
us
into
the
data‐ware‐house‐of‐the‐chart
or
graph.
 Choice
 4
 “can
 also
 be
 the
 answer”
 and
 Choice
5
can
“never
be
the
answer”. Optical‐Illusion
Challenge…
which
leads
us
to
assume
the
“Not‐otherwise‐givens”
thereby
deviating
from
the
 logic
and
falling
into
the
set
trap. Challenge
 of
 Interpretation…
 which
 is
 caused
 by
 many
 statements
 which
 are
 difficult
 to
 retain
 in
 mind
 (because
you
cannot
highlight
any
of
them).
now
you
must
have
looked
at
2nd
and
4th
only
and
saved
a
lot
of
time
but
 you
could
not
strike
off
1st.
 Choice
 3
 is
 “weird”.
E.
 5.
Now
by
the
time
you
come‐back
to
the
 choices.
 it
 can
 be
 easily
 translated
 into
 specifics
as
follows:

 NO.


 And
 we
fell
into
the
 trap.
another
test
administered
b
Prometric.
We
try
to
 understand
every
piece
where
as
in
some
questions
some
items
are
not
covered
or
 stated.

 This
has
been
explained
in
an
example
from
CAT
2007
below.
Punjab.
in
one
 graph
all
 distances
are
given
in
 m
 while
in
other
 they
are
given
in
 km.
 An
example
below
(from
past
CATs)
explains
optical
illusion.
MP
etc.
approach
in
DI
should
 be
 Question
 centric
 and
 NOT
 data
 centric
 especially
 in
 the
 Round
 1
 of
 your
 attempt.g.
Hence.
 To
 add
 to
 the
 confusion.
 Sometimes
 these
units
are
 kept
different
 in
both
 graphs.
 Hence.
Wheat.
Sometimes.
 km)
 of
 measurement
 in
 both
 the
 graphs.
 2
 Optical‐Illusion
 Remember
 that
 diagrams
 in
 the
 questions
 are
 NEVER
 drawn
 to
 scale
 (unless
 specified
 otherwise).
U.
Many
times.
That
 is.
 Here
 we
 should
 specifically
 notice
 units
 (cm.
 a
 triangle
 may
 look
 exactly
 like
 a
 Right
 Angled
 Triangle
and
it
would
not
be
clearly
mentioned
in
the
question
statement.
what
we
generally
do
is
that
we
start
understanding
the
complete
 stuff
 and
 the
 relation
 of
 all
 the
 parameters
 with
 respect
 to
 one
 another
 E.
 .
 
 4
 Consistency
 Sometimes
 there
 are
 2
 graphs
 to
 be
 referred
 to
 in
 one
 Question‐set.
You
may
 very
 easily
 fall
 into
 the
 trap
 if
 you
 do
 not
 re‐draw
 it
 as
 a
 scalene
 /
 isosceles
 (whatever
the
given
data
suggests)
on
your
scratch
paper.
 Production
of
Rice.
 We
know
that
the
figures
in
the
 Geometry
problems
 have
angles.
we
 just
 estimate
 the
 answer
 based
 on
 an
 angle
 that
 looks
 bigger
 (or
 smaller)
 as
 per
 the
figure.
 m.

 Additionally.
smaller
angles
are
deliberately
shown
bigger
in
size
making
 us
fell
into
the
trap.
 doing
 this
 on
 computer
 screen
 consume
 even
 more
time
because
of
“low
concentration
problem”.
Here.
 3
 Relevance
 Many
 a
 time.
 This
 is
 especially
 through
 in
 case
 of
 problems
 involving
 logical
 arrangement
of
the
data
or
those
involving
Venn‐Diagrams.formulating
the
problem
in
steps
as
you
read
it.

 This
has
been
explained
in
an
example
from
CAT
2003
below.P.
 it
 has
 been
 seen
 that
 a
 consistent‐formulation
 of
 a
 problem
 on
 the
 rough
paper
can
un‐lock
all
the
variables
and
constants
in
order
to
reach
multiple
 answers.
 This
has
been
explained
in
an
example
from
past
CATs
below..
 it
 has
 been
 seen
 that
 a
 graph
 or
 a
 chart
 in
 DI
 contain
 a
 lot
 of
 information
or
sometimes
student
will
have
to
refer
two
charts
to
answer
a
set
of
 questions.
Such
kind
of
illusions
are
 very
common
in
GRE.
Pulses
in
Maharashtra.


if
we
 start
formulating
the
problem
on
the
scratch
paper
as
we
read..
the
answer
is
nk
–
n
=
n
(k–
1).5
 Interpretation
 In
 many
 DI
 questions
 involving
 logical
 arrangement
 of
 data.
.
life
gets
easier.
considering
all
the
n
teams
together?
 (1)
n(k
–
1)
 (4)
k(n
–
2)
 
 
 (2)
k(n
–
1)
 
 (3)
n(k
–
2)
 
 
 (CAT
2007)
 (5)
(n
–
1)(k
–
1)

 Such
question
statements
demand
good
concentration.Tn.
 This
has
been
explained
in
an
example
from
past
CATs
below
 
 Here
are
a
few
examples
from
past
CATs:
 Concentration
 Question

1



 In
a
tournament.
 
 So..
 the
 proper
 interpretation
 of
 the
 data
 in
 the
 form
 of
 tables
 and
 flowcharts
 helps
 a
 lot
 in
 reaching
the
correct
answer.
How
many
players
are
participating
in
the
 tournament.
with
n
>
5.
there
are
n
teams
T1.
k>3.
Each
team
consists
of
k
players.
…….
Here.
the
given
pairs
confuse
us.
However.
T2
&
T3.
T2.
 
 Answer
(1)
 
 
 
 ..
 
 For
instance.
Our
notes
go
something
like
this:
 There
are
“n”
teams

 “k”
players
in
each
team
 “n”
pairs
(the
confusing
part
was
this
simple)
of
teams
have
1
player
in
common.
Tn
–
1
&
Tn
and
Tn
&
T1
 No
other
pair
of
teams
has
any
player
in
common.
The
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Solution
1:
 following
pairs
of
teams
have
one
player
in
common:
 T1
&
T2..


However.
 
 Make
adjustments
in
your
assumptions
by
keeping
in
mind
that
the
sum
of
angles
of
the
big
triangle
 must
be
180o

 
 You
will
find
that
only
25o
comes
as
the
result.
in
order
to
accurately
reach
the
solution.
 Optical‐Illusion
 Question

2
 In
the
figure.
Hence.
these
sides
do
not
seem
to
be
 equal.
in
the
figure.
Then
 DAE
is
approximately:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Solution
2:
 
 

 
 It
is
given
that
AB
=
BC
=
CD
=
DE
=
EF
=
FG
=
GA.
then
C
=
15
(isosceles)
and
then
keep
calculating
the
angles
further
we
can
reach
the
 solution
fast
(for
this
you
must
have
drawn
the
figure
on
to
the
scratch
paper).
 
 Work
from
the
choices.

 

 If
we
put
A
=
15.
AB
=
BC
=
CD
=
DE
=
EF
=
FG
=
GA.
we
have
to
proceed
with
the
given
data
and
NOT
 according
to
the
given
figure.
 Answer
(4)
 
 (1)
15 o














 
 
 (2)
20 
 o (3)
30 









 o (4)
25 
 
 o (
CAT
2000)
 .


remember
–
the
more
you
read
without
referring
to
the
question.
It
was
known
that
20
of
them
took
all
three
rides.
isn’t
it?
 But
if
you
really
 refer
to
the
question
first
you
will
find
that
in
order
to
answer
it.
 
 Hence.
 the
highest?
 

 
 
 
 
 (1) 1996
 A
lot
of
data.
and
Ferris
wheel.
 roller
 coaster.
 (2)
1997
 (3)
1998
 (4)
1999
 (CAT
2003)
 Consistency
 Directions
 
 Eighty
 five
 children
 went
 to
 an
 amusement
 park
 where
 they
 could
 ride
 on
 the
 merry‐go‐round.
the
more
you’ll
get
confused
 (and
therefore
waste
time).
we
don’t
 at
all
require
 the
first
chart.
 Relevance
 Question
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Solution
3
 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Per Capita Availability of Tea (gms) in Chaidesh 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 487 464 510 544 566 1995 1996 1997 Year 1998 1999 
 
 (Note:
Availability
is
defined
as
production
less
export.

 From
second
chart
we
can
say
that
it
is
highest
in
1997.
as
a
proportion
of
tea
produced.
Just
concentrate
on
the
required
data
to
solve
this
question.
and
55
of
them
took
at
least
 .)
 Production and export of Tea (Chaidesh) 207 189 209 215 220 0 200 400 600 421 561 587 645 660 800 Export (million kg) Production (million kg) 
 In
which
year
during
the
period
1996–99
was
Chaidesh’s
export
of
tea.


we
can
answer
both
the
questions
 together.
if
we
put
all
the
given
information
in
a
consistent
way.
 
 How
many
children
did
not
try
any
of
the
rides?
 

 
 How
many
children
took
exactly
one
ride?

.
 
 .
 
 Question
4
 
 
 Question
5
 
 
 Solution
4
 &
5:
 two
of
the
three
rides.
 











(1)
5

 
 Total
children

 
 
 
 =
85
 =
20
 =
55
–
20
=
35
 =
145
–
(20
×
3
+
35
×
2
)
=
15
 =
85
–
(
20
+
35
+
15)
=
15.
Each
ride
cost
Re
1.
and
the
total
receipt
of
the
amusement
park
was
Rs
145.
 
 (2)
10

 
 
(3)
15



 (4)
20
 (1)
5
 
 (2)
10


 
 
(3)
15



 
 (4)
20
 Children
who
have
taken
3
rides

 Children
who
have
taken
2
rides

 Children
who
have
taken
1
ride
 
 Children
who
have
taken
0
rides

 
 Therefore.


16.
 

A
 ‐
20
 +
90
 ‐
10
 
 
 
 
 B
 
 C
 
 D
 (2)
C.66
 
 Would
you
take
the
chance
to
write
all
the
data
on
the
paper
again???
 Hey!
You
have
got
to
work
smart
here!
 
Just
put
the
given
information
in
the
required
format.
 Interpretation
 Question
6
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Solution
6
 
 Which
tank
gets
emptied
first
and
how
does
it
take
(in
minutes)
to
get
emptied
after
pumping
starts?
 (1)
A.
 
 Answer
(3)
 
 
 
 
 .
20
 (4)
D.
20




(3)
D.
B.
 Hence
 it
 will
 get
 emptied
 first
 and
 in
 1000/
 50
 =
 20
 minutes.
C
and
D).
each
containing
1000
liters
of
a
chemical.
25

 
 (CAT
2005)

 A
chemical
plant
has
four
tanks
(A.
The
chemical
is
 being
pumped
from
one
tank
to
another
as
follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 From
A
to
B
@
20
liters/
minute
 From
C
to
A
@
90
liters/
minute
 From
A
to
D
@
10
liters/
minute
 From
C
to
D
@
50
liters/
minute
 From
B
to
C
@
100
liters/
minute
 From
D
to
B
@
110
liters/
minute
 










+
20
 
 
 
 
 
 
 









‐
90
 
 
 











+
10
 











+
50
 









‐
50
 








+
100
 
 
 








‐
100
 








+
110
 










‐
110
 50
 liters
 is
 going
 away
 from
 tank
 D
 every
 minute.


stream
or
gender
and
get
fresh
set
of
recommended
tests
on
 the
 weak
 areas.
 For
 instance.A
few
more
things
one
can
exercise
in
his
MOCKs
are:
 Keep
in
mind
the
same
old
plan
of
doing
the
paper
in
3
rounds.TCYonline.
 all
 for
 free.twitter.
 Test
 Generator
 that
 gives
 ultra‐flexibility
 to
 the
 CAT
 aspirant
 for
 generating
 tests.com/TCYonlineCAT)
&
Facebook
(www.
 form
 study
 groups
 in
 your
 city
 and
 attend
 gyaan
 sessions.
 Also
 it
 is
 expected
 that
 as
 the
 test
 goes
 online
 the
 percentage
 of
 Data‐Sufficiency
 question
 will
 increase.TCYonline.php)
 with
 unlimited
access
 to
 250+
 chapter‐wise.
Also.
forward
and
rewind
and
to
watch
it
in
full
screen.com
 is
 India’s
 biggest
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 MBA
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Use
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(highly
unlikely)
you
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option
to
pause.
 Take
the
first
All
India
FREE
MOCK
e‐CAT
at
www.Preparation).
Now
as
the
test
is
on
computer
you
must
follow
 a
 very
 logical
 approach
 to
 select
 the
 questions
 in
 Round
 1
 and
 2.
sometimes
there
are
2
–
3
questions
based
on
one
set
 of
 data.com/e‐CATs/eCATs.
Sms
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 it
 is
 also
 expected
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 amount
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 data
 in
 the
 Graphs
 and
 charts
 will
 be
less
 and
 with
 a
 logical
 approaches
described
above
you
would
be
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come
up
winners!
 All
the
best!!
 
 www.
 Get
 FREE
 SMS
 updates
on
b‐school
forms.
 In
 DI
 you
 must
 attempt
 the
 questions
 that
 can
 be
 answered
 by
 read
 minimum
 information
 from
 the
 graphs
 /
 charts.
 ones
 involving
minimum
equations
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 About
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 course
 (www.
 In
 Quant.
last
dates
and
results.com/cat2009/cat_preparation.php

 .PaGaLGuY.
 MBA
 aspirants.
 Challenge
 Zone
 to
Challenge.
 sectional
 and
 MOCK
 CATs
 together
 with
the
 UNIQUE
 features
 like
 TCY
 Analytics
 –
that
 allows
 one
 to
 benchmark
his
performance
with
the
Toppers
from
a
city.
 Moreover.
 Here
 we
 are
 assuming
 that
 Prometric
 will
 allow
 you
 to
 move
 back
 and
 forth
 among
 the
 questions.
 pace
 up
 and
 compete
 with
 your
 friends
 real‐time
 on
 a
 test
 and
 Voice
 based
 Flash
 Lectures
 with
 faster
 downloads.

 Follow
TCY
on
Twitter
(www.facebook.com/Cat.
 They
 are
 also
 expected
 to
 consume
 less
 time
 once
 the
 problem
 is
 properly
 drawn
 on
 to
 the
 scratch
 paper.
 However.
your
time
per
question
will
definitely
increase
as
 you
will
have
to
skip
a
question
only
if
you
know
you
cannot
do
it
at
all
given
the
fact
that
you
will
never
come
 back
to
it.
 used
 by
 over
 500.

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