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Seismic analysis of steel plate shear walls considering strain rate and Pdelta effects

Anjan K. Bhowmicka, Robert G. Drivera and Gilbert Y. Grondin


, a,

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta,

Canada, T6G 2W2

Received 10 April 2008; accepted 19 August 2008. Available online 20 September 2008.

Nonlinear seismic responses of a typical 15-storey and 4-storey steel plate shear wall are studied. Dynamic shear and moment envelopes are compared with the current CAN/CSA-S16-01 seismic capacity design approach. It has been observed that estimated dynamic base shear forces and overturning moments in the steel plate shear walls, as well as the column forces, are underestimated in the current seismic design provisions. The effect of loading rate on the dynamic behaviour of steel plate shear walls is also investigated. Nonlinear dynamic analyses show that loading rate increases flexural demand mostly at the base of the steel plate shear wall and loading rate has a small effect on inelastic seismic demand for a suite of spectrum compatible earthquake records for Vancouver. Also investigated is the Pdelta effect on seismic demand in shear and flexure. The inelastic seismic analyses indicate that the current National Building Code of Canada stability factor approach to

account for Pdelta effects is very conservative for steel plate shear walls and the Pdelta effects on seismic demand are very small. Keywords: Infill plate; Pdelta; Seismic analysis; Steel plate shear wall; Strain rate

Article Outline
1. Introduction 2. Seismic design of steel plate shear walls 3. Selection of steel plate shear wall system 4. Nonlinear finite element model for seismic analysis 5. Inelastic seismic time history analyses 5.1. Frequency analysis 5.2. Ground motion time histories 6. Inelastic response in shear wall 6.1. Strain rate effect on seismic response 6.2. Pdelta effect on seismic response 7. Summary and conclusions Acknowledgements References

Fig. 1. (a) Floor plan view of the 4-storey and 15-storey building; (b) elevation of SPSW.