Gaelic football is a sport played between two teams of 15 players on a rectangular grass pitch. The objective of the sport is to score points by passing the ball through the other team's goals, a set of two upright posts separated by a crossbar 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) above the ground. The sport, a form of football derived from traditional Irish ball games, is mainly played in the country of Ireland, although associations exist in other areas such as Great Britain and North America. Gaelic football is one of four sports (collectively referred to as the "Gaelic games") controlled by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), the largest sporting organisation in Ireland.

Gaelic football is the most popular sport in Ireland in terms of attendance, with the 2011 AllIreland Senior Championship Final, held at Croke Park, Dublin, drawing an attendanceOF 82,300 people. Three major football competitions operate throughout the year: the National Football League and the All-Ireland Senior Championship are operated on a county basis, while the AllIreland Club Championship is contested by individual clubs. The All-Ireland Senior Championship is run as a knock-out competition, with the top two counties meeting in the All-Ireland Football Final, considered the most prestigious event in Gaelic football

A Gaelic pitch is similar in some respects to a rugby pitch but larger The grass pitch is rectangular, stretching 130–145 metres long and 80–90 metres wide. There are H-shaped goalposts at each end, formed by two posts, which are usually 7 metres high, set 6.5 metres apart, and connected 2.5 metres above the ground by a crossbar. A net extending behind the goal is attached to the crossbar and lower goal posts. The same pitch is used for hurling; the GAA, which organizes both sports, decided this to facilitate dual usage. Lines are marked at distances of 13 metres, 20 metres and 45 metres from each end-line. Shorter pitches and smaller goals are used by youth teams.

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