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Klett, ...
15, 11 000
: 011/33 48 384, : 011/33 48 385
office@klett.co.yu, www.klett.co.yu

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15.000

Klett, 2008.  , , ,

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ISBN 978-86-7762-028-8

CIP -
,
37. 016 : 51 (075. 2)
,
3 : 3. .
1 / , ;
[ ]. 4. . - :
Klett, 2008 (: ). - 144 . : . ; 29 cm
15.000.
ISBN 978-86-7762-028-8
1. , []
COBISS.SR-ID 146987020

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100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

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1000 ( ) .
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35
38
40
42
49
54
56
58

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

1 .

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89


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. 89
. 94
. 96
102
108
111
113
115

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

, ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

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126
128
132
133

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

100

1.

:
13
+ 16

2.

29

+ 29

+ __
18

14

33

60

34

44

31

28

62

42

52

45

56

73

+ 18

:
18

+ 25

+ 37
+ 39
+ 27
64

3.

+ __

16
+ 51

29
+ 49

+ 38

18
76

+ 15
+ 24

+ 82

+ 45

59
+ 55

100

18
+8

38

64
19

18

63

.
a.
57
36
48 12
14 + 43 100 43
91 34 0 + 36 57 0
95 59 21 + 15 81 45 18 + 18
28 + 29 74 38 18 + 39 82 25 19 + 38

100

4.

:
38, 58

70

62, 42

81

61

59

72

18

50

25 + 13

36 18

66 28

90 48

9+9

70 8

64 26

33 15

44 + 17

32 + 38

36 + 45
25 + 17

75 25

16 + 43

100 28
36 + 36

5.

36 + 14

95 36
99 18

:
(22 + 55) + 11 = __________

13 + 34 + 32 = __________ (42 + 56) 37 = __________

(89 47) + 35 = __________

36 + 47 21 = __________ (53 + 29) 34 = __________

(99 83) + 56 = __________

85 46 31 = __________ (87 39) 42 = __________

(36 36) + 48 = __________

54 + 27 27 = __________

81 33 33 = __________

100

6.

.
.

57 + 24 =

36

= 18

49 +

= 87

38 +

= 91

62

=11

+ 45 = 92

+ 17 = 54

24 = 61

23 = 61

37

81

51

66 37 =

84

53

29

18

47

+ 36 = 72

73

= 46

29 +

= 93

42

+ 33 = 81

19 + 56 =

54 = 19

84 37 =

38 +

= 51

56 +

74

= 28

13

27

73

46

48

75

= 93

37

38

=17

49 = 22

64

85

36

47

71

25

100

7.

8.

:
28 + 34 = 34 + 28 = ___

7 + 42 = ___ + ___ = ___

16 + 52 = ___ + ___ = ___

18 + 39 = ______________

:
x + 45 = 72
x = _________
x = _____
:
____________

9.

10.

11.

12.

27 + x = 56
x = _________
x = _____
:
___________

x 37 = 25
x = _________
x = _____
:
___________

88 x = 26
x = _________
x = _____
:
___________

:
) 23
87 65.
_____________________________
_____________________________

) 95 36
27.
________________________
________________________

)
, 5.
.
____________________________________
____________________________________

) 84
14 27.
________________________
________________________

84 . 65 .
?

: ___________________________________________________________
. 14 , 5
. ?

: ___________________________________________________________
9 , 29 . 3
. ?

: ___________________________________________________________

100
1.

2.

3 4 = ___

6 4 = ___

6 5 = ___

3 6 = ___

7 4 = ___

6 6 = ___

3 8 = ___

9 4 = ___

6 7 = ___

3 5 = ___

3 4 = ___

6 9 = ___

3 10 = ___

8 4 = ___

6 10 = ___

24 : 6 = ___

18 : 2 = ___

24 : 8 =___

32 : 8 = ___

25 : 5 = ___

63 : 7 =___

45 : 5 = ___

49 : 7 = ___

80 : 8 =___

35 : 7 = ___

64 : 8 = ___

7 : 7 =___

27 : 3 = ___

81 : 9 = ___

0 : 4 =___

32

25
:5

:
7

28

3.

10

63
:7

:
35 + 49 : 7 = ___ + ___ = ___

60 6 6 = ____________________

(100 64) : 4 = ___ : ___ = ___

2 (14 + 11) = __________________

7 0 + 72 : 8 = ___ + ___ = ____

75 42 : 6 = ____________________

100

4.

5.

:
6 + 3 5 = 45

21 8 4 = 52

3 7 + 2 = 27

4 5 + 4 2 = 72

:
12 4 = (10 + ___) 4 = ___ 4 + ___ ___ = ___ + ___ = ___
18 3 = (___ + 8) ___ = ___ ___ + ___ ___ = ___ + ___ = ___
14 5 = ___________________________________________
16 6 = ___________________________________________
48 : 4 = (40 + ___) : 4 = ___ : 4 + ___ : 4 = ___ + ___ = ___
69 : 3 = (___ + ___) : 3 = ___ : 3 + ___ : ___ = ___ + ___ = ___
72 : 4 = ____________________________________________
75 : 5= ____________________________________________

6.

x 5 = 45
x=
x=
:

6 x = 54
x=
x=
:

72 : x = 9
x=
x=
:

x : 6 = 15
x=
x=
:

11

100

7.

72 9 41.

8.

_____________________________
_____________________________

9.

75
5, 29. .

_____________________________
_____________________________

10.

_____________________________
_____________________________

11.

12 6
45 5.
_____________________________
_____________________________

13.

16 3 24.

90
7 6.
_____________________________
_____________________________

12.

8 9 3 .
_____________________________
_____________________________

48 . 4 .
?

: ______________________________________________________________

14.

18 .
4 ?

: ______________________________________________________________

15.

12

36 . , ,
. ?

: ______________________________________________________________

10 = 1

10

10 = 1

10 = 1

10 1

10

1 X = 10 = 100 = 1000

13

1.

:
1

1 100

100

2 100

200

9 100
10

2.

100
200

800

1000
900

3.

14

500

:
100

300

200

400

500

2
2

2 , 3
4
!

1.

541

15

2.

:
246

3.

614

171

240

352

207

833

309

:
4 , 2 , 5 = 425
8 , 4 , 9 = _______
6 , 3 , 0 = _______

4.

16

5 , 0 , 2 = _______
3 , 2 , 5 = _______
7 , 0 , 8 = _______

4 , 3 , 6 = _______
2 , 0 , 0 = _______
9 , 9 , 3 = _______

444 = ____ ____ ____


732 = ____ ____ ____
506 = ____ ____ ____

700 = ____ ____ ____


348 = ____ ____ ____
244 = ____ ____ ____

:
296 = 2 9 6
304 = ____ ____ ____
850 = ____ ____ ____

5.

200 + 30 + 1

2 100 + 3 10 + 1

6.

:
200 + 60 + 8

5 100 + 8 10 + 4
400 + 30 + 5
5 100 + 8 10 + 7
8 100 + 0 10 + 1
900 + 10 + 0

7.

8.

:
270

280

330

695

696

701

704

843

842

837

834

705

710

610

608

745

725

598

:
111, ____, ____,____,____,____,____,____,____.

9.

6:
260, ____, ____,____,____,____,____,____,____, ____.

10.

:
____, ____,____, ____,____, ____,____,____,____,____.

17

1000 ( )

1.

2.

300

500

200

100

300

500

<

> < :

400

600

300

243

461

611

323

299

401

662

355

20

30

80

350

320

530

580

351

329

538

582

50

18

200

3.

<

> < :

>

<

246

247

382

385

896

897

902

905

>, < =

<, > = ?

4 9 9

511

709

7 0 9

8 5 0

851

573

5 3

3 4 2

324

405

3 5

1000 ( )
4.

, :
)
200 300

700

600?
600 : _______ _______.
)
470 480

520

500?
500 : _______ _______.
)
596 597

600

600?
600 : _______ _______.

5.

:
)
400

6.

)
400

400

7.

300

601

294

443

544
781

900

* ?

*43>743
666<6*6
437=4*7
306>*06
453<*53

: ________ ________.
: ________, ________ ________.
: ___________________________.
: ___________________________.
: ___________________________.

19

1000 ( )

8.


:
) 699, 801, 565, 950, 782
500

600

700

800

900

1000

) 378, 131, 395, 313, 415


128

268

343

387

400

500

511

900

) 924, 499, 237, 814, 503


236

9.

387

490.
_____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____.

10.

712.
_____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____.

11.

) 4, 5 6 ,
.
_____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____.
) .
_____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____.

20

1000 ( )

1.

872;
413;
421, 843.
321

420
834
277

2.

871

431
853

515

953

916

476

412

104

830

:
)

759

835

486

975

957

648

864

684

100

579

597
1000

796

_____,_____,_____,_____,_____,_____

3.

890

524

_____,_____,_____,_____,_____,_____,_____

, ,
:
351
1000

739
659

573
462

264
184

618

723
295

299

: _____,_____,_____,_____,_____
: _____,_____,_____,_____,_____,_____,_____

21

1000 ( )

4.

789:
______, ______,______,______,______,______,______,______,______,______,_____.

5.

492:
______,______,______,______,______,______,______,______.

6.

983:
______,______,______,______,______,______,______,______.

7.

:
) ________ ________
) ________ ________
) 2 1 ________ ________
) 1 2 ________ ________

8.

:
) 60 70 __________________________
) 600 700 ________________________

9.

9.
___________________________________________________________________

10.

) 0, 4 9
2 .
____, _____, _____, _____, ____, _____, _____, _____,_____, _____, _____
_____, _____, _____,_____, _____.
) ________ .

22

) ________ .


12 10 ,

0,1,2...9 . .
.
, , , ...
:

()

()

()

.
I = 1 = 1

VI = 6 = 5 + 1

II = 2 = 1 + 1

VII = 7 = 5 + 1 + 1

III = 3 = 1 + 1+ 1

VIII = 8 = 5 + 1 +1 + 1

IV = 4 = 5 1
V= 5 = 5

1.

IX = 9 = 10 1
X = 10 = 10

. :
XI = 11 = 10 + 1

XVI = 16 = ___ + ___ + ___

XII = 12 = 10 + 1 + 1

XVII = 17 = ___ + ___ + ___ + ___

XIII = 13 = 10 + ___ + ___ + ___

XVIII = 18 = ___ + ___ + ___ + ___ + ___

XIV = 14 = 10 + ___ ___

XIX = 19 = ___ + ___ ___

XV = 15 = 10 + 5

XX = 20 = 10 + 10

23

1000 .
I

10

50

100

500

1000

:
X

10

LX

60 = 50 +10

XX

20 = 10 + 10

LXX

70 = 50 +10 +10

XXX

30 = 10 + 10 +10

LXXX

80 = 50 + 10 + 10 + 10

XL

40 = 50 10

XC

90 = 100 10

50

( ):

24

100

CC

200

100 +100

CCC

300

100 +100 +100

CD

400

500 100

500

DC

600

____+____

DCC

700

____+____+____

DCCC

800

____+____+____+____

CM

900

____ ____

j
I
1

X
10

C
100

II

XX

20

CC

200

III

XXX

30

CCC

300

IV

XL

40

CD

400

50

500

VI

LX

60

DC

600

VII

LXX

70

DCC

700

VIII

LXXX

80

DCCC

800

IX

XC

90

CM

900

1.

,
.

:
VI = 5 +1 = 6

CLVI = ____________

XI =10 + 1 = 11

CVI = ______________

CXV = 100 +10 + 5 = 115

DXI = ______________

LXVI = 50 +10 + 5 +1 = 66

DCLXVI = ____________

II

2.

:
XXX = 30 = 10 +10 +10

CCXXX = _____________

XX =20 =10 +10

DXXXIII = _____________

XIII =13 = 10 +1+1+1

LXXXVIII = _____________

CCCXX = 320 = 100 +100 +100 +10 +10

CCCXXXIII =_____________

LL =

DD = _____________

IIII =

VVV = _____________

III

3.

, I, X ,
.


:
IV = 4 = 5 1

XC = 90 = 100 10

IX = 9 = 10 1

CD = 400 = 500 100

XL = 40 = 50 10

CM = 900 = 1000 100

:
XIV =10 + 5 1=14
XXC =

XM = ______________
CCLXXIX = ______________

CXIV = 100 + 40 + 40

XXXIX = ______________

IC = _____________

VL = _______________

25

1.

.
.
5
.
1
.
7
.
3

2.

.
I

.
8

.
10
.
2
.
4

.
VIII
.
9

.
IX

.
6

.
IV

.
VI
.
II

.
VII
.
III
.
X

.
V

:
_____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____.

3.

4.

:
20 = __________

330 = ___________

55 = __________

450 = ___________

101 = __________

700 = ___________

86 = ___________

990 =___________

123 = __________

1000 = __________

:
XXVIII = ___________

DXLIII

= ____________

LX

= _____________

CC

= ____________

XLIX

= _____________

DCCCL

= ____________

LXX

= ____________

CCCXX

= _____________

CXXXI = ____________

5.

120
CXX

26

CMLXXX = ____________

64
DLXXVII

867
CLXI

277
XXXIII

CCCLI

7.

.
10. V

11. X

7. IX

19. VII

27. IV

, M, , , .

I
II
III
IV

7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
XVIII
XIX
XX
XXI
XXII

V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
XVIII
XIX
XX
XXI
XXII

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

7
7
7
7
7
7

6.

7
7
7

27

XIX

XXI


IX


XIII


XI


IX

a) .
.
) ? _________________________________________
) ? ________________________________________
) , ? ? ______________
_____________________________________________________________________

8.

28

.

.

.
.

1.

!
, .

: S,
N

O
S

S C ,
.

29

...

,
.

2.

, 2 cm.

: A, B, C, D E.
?

?
OC, OD OE.
?

, B, C, D .
.
.
.

30

3.

, 3 cm.

4.

C
?

.
.

, _____________ .

31

5.

( ) 4 cm.
4 cm, .

.
B

6.

!

.
1 cm
.

1 cm 5 mm
.

4 cm
.

1 cm
.

32

7.
8.

.
.
.
, , .

9.

. .

33

10.

. , .
F

34

11.

, , .
.

3
3
300

1.

2.

3.

+
+
+

2
2
200


500 200
5 2!

.
3 + 2,
300 + 200!


300 + 200?

=
=
=

5
5
500

5
5
500

:
4+4=
4 + 4 =
400 + 400 =

6+2=
6 + 2 =
600 + 200 =

:
100 + 200 =
200 + 500 =
800 + 200 =
300 + 400 =

2
2
200

54=
5 4 =
500 400 =

500 400 =
700 300 =
800 200 =
1000 300 =

=
=
=

3
3
300

93=
9 3 =
900 300 =

700 + 100 =
900 900 =
600 + 400 =
800 400 =

:
+300

600

+900

400

+200

300

300

35

4.

:
)

200

700

300
600

400

300
300

100

200

500

600

900

900

1000

800

300

5.

700
200
100

400

200
200

500

:
+ 400

300 +
900

600

100

100

800

100 +

+ 200

+ 200

700

700
+ 200

500

300

400 +

6.

200, 400 .
?

36

+ 200

700
500 +

200

7.

600
. 400 . ?

8.

:
200 + 300 400 =
400 100 + 300 =
800 + 100 100 =
700 600 + 400 =

9.

200
200

10.

300 200 + 900 =


100 + 500 600 =
900 + 100 300 =
100 + 600 500 =

400
600

100

300 ,
100 200 .
?
:

11.

200 , 100
. ?
:

12.

300 200 .
400 . ?

37

2+4=6

4+2=6

2+4=4+2

200 + 400 = 600

400 + 200 = 600

200 + 400 = 400 + 200



!

38

1.

100 + 500 =

2.

:
+

200

400

300

500

200
400
300
500

3.

:
300 +
= 600 + 300
+ 200 = 200 + 400
500 + 400 =
+ 500
300 + 0 = 0 +

4.

:
+ 400 = 400 + 600,
300 + x = 200 + 300,
400 + 500 = c + 400,
300 + 700 = 700 + m,

5.

100 + 700 = ___ + 100


300 + ___ = 500 + 300
0 + 1000 = 1000 + ___
___ + 700 = 700 + 200

=
x=
c=
m=

k + 900 = 900 + 100,


100 + 400 = t + 100,
200 + n = n + 200,
300 + 500 = 500 + y,

k = ____
t = ____
n = ____
y = ____

:
x

200

500

x+y
y+x

300

600
400
700

300

500

900
900

600
700

900

39

(1 + 2) + 3 = 3 + 3 = 6

1 + (2 + 3) = 1 + 5 = 6

100 + (200 + 300) = 100 + 500 = 600

(100 + 200) + 300 = 300 + 300 = 600

(1 + 3) + 2 = 4 + 2 = 6

(100 + 300) + 200 = 400 + 200 = 600

(100 + 200) + 300 = 100 + (200 + 300) = (100 + 300) + 200


( + b) + c = + (b + c) = ( + c) + b

1.

:
(200 + 500) + 300 =
(200 + 300) + 500 =
200 + (300 + 500) =

2.

=
=
=

:
(270 + 340) + 150 = 270 + (340 +
)
160 + (430 + 218) = (160 + 218) +
(550 +
) + 205 = 550 + (144 + 205)

40

(400 + 500) + 100 = ___ + ___ = ___


400 + (500 + 100) =___ + ___ = ___
(400 + ___ ) + 500 =___ + ___ = ___

(170 + 330 ) + ___ = (170 + 500) + 330


(234 + 166) + 180 = 234 + ( ___ + 180)
500 + ( ___ + 223) = (500 + 177) + 223

3.

400, 100 300 :


(

4.

)+

:
45 + 29 + 25 = (45 + 25) +
18 + 15 + 35 =
19 + 14 + 51 =

5.

:
45 + 31 + 9 + 15 = (31 + 9) + (45 + 15) =
23 + 14 + 17 + 16 =

6.

17 , 16 24 .
.
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

7.

33 , 22 , 17 8 .
.
( ___ + ___ ) + ( ____ + ____ ) = ____ + ____ = ____

8.

) 99
.
____ + ____ + ____ = 99
____ + ____ + ____ = 99
____ + ____ + ____ = 99

) 84
.
____ + ____ + ____ = 84
____ + ____ + ____ = 84
____ + ____ + ____ = 84

41

200 + 2 = 202

1.

:
600 + 5 =


6 0 0
+
5

700 + 3 =
7 0 0
+
3

200 + 8 =


2 0 0
+
2
2 0 2

2.

500 + 9 =

4 0 0
6

9
+ 7 0 0

:
400 +

= 404
+

4 0 4

7+

= 607
+

2 0 0
+
2
2 0 2

7
6 0 7

400 +

42


4 0 0

= 401

4
6 0 4

+ 3 = 903

5 0 0
5 0 7


.

420 + 5?

3.


2 3 0
6
+

:
230 + 6 =

20 + 5 = 25.

420 + 5 = 425.

890 + 2 =

8 9 0
2

20 + 5 = 25
420 + 5 = 425
450 + 8 =

4.

3 8 0
6


4 2 0
+
5
4 2 5

= 729

8+

4 2 0
5
4 2 5

4 3 0
9


7 2 0
7 2 9

= 968

+ 1 = 351

:
720 +

670 + 7 =

7
4 5 7

8
9 6 8

+ 520 = 524

9 0 0
9 0 0

43

3+4= 7
13 + 4 = 17
313 + 4 = 317

5.

:
452 + 5 =

236 + 2 =

2 3 6
+
2

721 + 8 =


3 1 3
+
4
3 1 7

6.


4 5 2
+
5

645 + 4 =

5 3 6
3

:
362 +

= 368

= 799
+

5
7 9 9

3 1 3
+
4
3 1 7

+ 6 = 578
+ 922 = 925

44


3 6 2
3 6 8

5+

8 7 1
6

4
2 4 8

+ 3 = 903

3 6 2
3 6 7


.
325 3 , 2 5 .
325 = 3 100 + 2 10 + 5

, 1 10 ,
325 2 , 12 5
.
325 = 2 100 + 12 10 + 5

10 ,
325 3 , 1 15 .
325 = 3 100 + 1 10 + 15

, 325 2
, 11 15 .

325 = 2 100 + 11 10 + 15

437 :
437 = 4 100 +

10 + 7


4
7

437 = 3 100 +

10 + 7


3 13

437 = 4 100 +

10 + 17


4 2

437 =

100 + 12 10+


3
17

45

7.

6 + 4 = 10
36 + 4 = 40
536 + 4 = 540

:
745 + 5 =

936 + 4 =


7 4 5
+
5


9 3 6
+
4

588 + 2 =

321 + 9 =

2 4 7
3

:
882 +

= 890


8 8 2
8 9 0

= 630
+


6 2 10

6 3 0

5 3 6
4
5 4 0

882 +

= 890

5 3 4
5 4 0

46


8 8 10


6 3 10
6+

8 2 6
4

8.

5 3 6
+
4
5 4 0


7 4 10

+ 6 = 630

9
8 9 0

9.

4 + 8 = 12
24 + 8 = 32
224 + 8 = 232

:
277 + 4 =

438 + 5 =


2 7 7
+
4


4 3 8
+
5

826 + 7 =

10.

658 + 9 =

7 4 3
8

:
578 +

= 583


5 7 8
5 8 3


2 2 4
+
8
2 3 2


5 7 13


2 2 12
9+

= 777
+


7 6 17

7 7 7

6 2 5
7

2 2 4
8
2 3 2

+ 2 = 581

7 3 6
7 4 1

638 +

= 642

6
2 4 2

47

11.

:
+8

12.

+6

+7

+5

400

950

697

455

320

300

580

368

791

612

807

880

952

955

289

143

500

730

943

205

387

582

437

882

841

800

451

785

122

374

720

527

680

144

107

920

574

768

368

605

137 .
8 .
?

13.

14.

1000 .

234
8 . 9 .
?

48



35 5 = 30,

435 5 = 430.

1.

:
496 6 =

618 8 =

55= 0
35 5 = 30
435 5 = 430

255 5 =


4 9 6

2.

837 7 =

7 3 1
1

:
943

6 1 8
8

= 940

6 4 8
8


9 4 3
9 4 0


4 3 5

5
4 3 0

781

= 780

7 8 1
7 8 0

4 3 5
5
4 3 0

5 = 150

7 2 9
7 2 0

449

= 440

6
8 3 0

49

63= 3
46 3 = 43
346 3 = 343

3.

:
584 2 =


5 8 4

329 3 =

976 1 =

4.

3 4 6

3
3 4 3

748 6 =

3 4 6
3

:
459

= 452


4 5 9

= 674

6 7 7
6 7 4

3 4 6

3
3 4 3

3 = 401

5 5 9
5 5 2

50

8 4 9
7

4 5 2

677

3 2 9
3

295

= 291

1
4 8 8

5.

20 5 = 15
420 5 = 415


7 2 0

720 6 =


7 1 10


9 8 0

980 3 =


9 7 10

340 8 =


4 2 0

5
4 1 5


4 1 10

5
4 1 5

6.

560 9 =

5 6 0
4

:
290

= 283

3 6 0
7


2 9 0

2 8 3

4 2 0
5
4 1 5

830

5 3 0
5 2 1

2 8 3

8 3 0
8 2 4

= 824

5 = 625


2 8 10

480

= 471

6
2 4 4

51

7.

46 8 = 38
246 8 = 238

:
694 5 =


6 9 4


6 8 14

435 8 =


4 3 5


4 2 15

277 9 =

4 3 7
8

:
742

= 738


2 3 16

8
2 3 8


7 4 2

194

2 4 6
8
2 3 8

5 3 0
5 2 1


7 3 12
7 3 8

1 9 4
1 8 8

= 188

6 = 359

52

7 3 8

4 5 2
6

8.

2 4 6

8
2 3 8

856 8 =

873

= 866

7
8 2 5

9.

:
6

10.

966

529

792

363

398

683

135

990

850

595

880

251

747

840

224

850

172

419

978

148

630

958

349

933

943

329

465

642

855

860

587

829

529

774

243

712

760

140

695

483

214 , 7 .
?

11.

12.

:
335 9

, . 353 , 8
, 4 . ?

53


835 + 9

1.

460 4

:
844
240
116
279
456

853 9

231 + 9

123 7

837 + 7

3.

121 5

108 + 8
838 + 6

463 7

280

448 + 8

2.

124 8
451 + 5

285 6

271 + 8 =

110 + 6

248 8

271 + 8

281 2

462 6

447 + 9
235 + 5

243 3

>, < = :
279 + 8

283 5

486

477 + 4 + 6

381 + 9

394 4

253 6 8

238

586 + 6

670 4

651 + 4 6

649

:
)
7

+9

+6

+3

653

270

54

274

268

276

284

275

269

4.

9 496?

5.

345, 8. .

6.

394 6 8.

7.

456 7 6.

8.

293 7 402 2.

9.

413 . 6 .
4 e e. ?

10.

314 . 8 , 7
. ,
?

55


( 100)

8+4


80 + 40

1.

2.

7+5=
70 + 50 =

8 + 4 = 12
80 + 40 = 120

:
4+
40 +

6+9=
60 + 90 =

= 13
= 130

+ 6 = 12
+ 60 = 120


80 + 40
70 + 70 =
80 + 60 =


85 + 40

3.

80 + 40 = 120
85 + 40 = (80 + 40) + 5
= 120 + 5 = 125

56

50 +
80 +

4.

= 140
= 170

60 + 70 =
64 + 70 =
60 + 79 =

4+
40 +
90 +

30 + 81 =
48 + 90 =
36 + 70 =

70 +
= 140
+ 90 = 145
56 +
= 126

= 13
= 130
= 147

( 100)

5.

:
80

+ 60
+ 20

6.

8.

+ 85
+ 30

+ 40

90

+ 86
+ 10

+ 55

+ 76

70

70

+b

7.

70

60

63
40

113

110

47

60

80
64

127

134

68
143

158

:
a) 8 5
62.

) 16 5
57.

__________________________

________________________

60 58 .
?

9.

87 , 60 .
9 .
, ?

10.

:
47 + 90

57

1.

:
600 + 50 =


6 0 0
+
5 0

400 + 30 =
4 0 0
+
3 0

800 + 70 =

200 + 30 = 230

2.

3 0 0
6 0

= 580
+


2 0 0
+
3 0
2 3 0

:
500 +

200 + 90 =

7 0 0
3 0


5 0 0
5 8 0

700 +

= 740
+

7 0 0
7 4 0

+ 60 = 960

2 0 0
3 0
2 3 0

5 0 0
5 8 0

58

+ 300 = 320

7 0
3 7 0

20 + 50 = 70

3.

:
250 + 40 =

420 + 50 = (400 + 20) + 50


= 400 + (20 + 50)
= 400 + 70 = 470


2 5 0
+
4 0

480 + 10 =
+

670 + 20 =

4 4 0
4 0

830 + 50 =

5 2 0
7 0

4.

4 2 0
+
5 0
4 7 0

:
720 +

= 760
+

= 370
+

4 2 0
+
5 0
4 7 0


7 2 0
7 6 0

40 +

4 8 0
1 0

4 0
3 7 0

220 +

= 280

4 1 0
4 8 0

+ 440 = 460

5 0
6 9 0

59

22 + 40 = 62

5.

:
546 + 30 =

222 + 40 = (200 + 22) + 40


= 200 + (22 + 40)
= 200 + 62 = 262


5 4 6
+
3 0

758 + 40 =
7 5 8
+
4 0

942 + 50 =

5 2 3
4 0

372 + 20 =

6 1 4
4 0

6.

:
627 +

= 697
+


6 2 7
6 9 7


2 2 2
+
4 0
2 6 2
30 +

= 482
+

3 0
4 8 2

+ 50 = 888

2 2 2
+
4 0
2 6 2
+

60

4 0
4 8 5

+ 225 = 285

3 0
7 6 3

7.

80 + 40 = 120

:
390 + 20 =

280 + 40 = (200 + 80) + 40


= 200 + (80 + 40)
= 200 + 120
= (200 + 100) + 20
= 300 + 20 = 320


3 9 0
+
2 0


3 11 0

570 + 60 =
+

730 + 80 =

8.

480 + 50 =

6 6 0
7 0

= 320
+


2 9 0
3 2 0


2 12 0


2 12 0

+ 60 = 440
+

3 5 0
7 0

:
290 +


2 8 0
+
4 0
3 2 0

5 7 0
6 0

+ 60 = 510

2 8 0
+
4 0
3 2 0
+

6 0
8 4 0

6 0
4 4 0
+ 440 = 520

4 0
3 2 0

61

9.

85 + 40 = 125

:
386 + 50 =

285 + 40 = (200 + 85) + 40


= 200 + (85 + 40)
= 200 + 125
= (200 + 100) + 25
= 300 + 25 = 325


3 8 6
+
5 0


3 13 6

794 + 60 =
+

378 + 60 =

10.

254 + 70 =

4 8 2
3 0

343 +

= 423


3 4 3
4 2 3


2 12 5

5 9 6
6 0


2 8 5
+
4 0
3 2 5

7 9 4
6 0

70 +


3 12 3

= 226
+

7 0
2 2 6

+ 50 = 421

2 8 5
+
4 0
3 2 5
+

62

6 0
3 2 4

+ 356 = 406

6 7 8
7 3 8

11.

300

60

12.

184
40

10

470

636
30
730

490
20

686

452
60
536

530

:
165 185 205

532

13.

5 72

612

652

273 m, 60 m .
?

14.

436 8, 60. .

15.

229 . 8 ,
80 .
?

63

E
( 100)

130 60


13 6

1.
13 6 = 7
130 60 = 70


135 60

2.

14 7 =
140 70 =

15
150

=9
= 90

18 9 =
180 90 =

11
110

=8
= 80

120 40 =
140 60 =

3.

130 60 = 70
135 60 = 75

64

40 = 80
30 = 90

4.

160 80 =
163 80 =

140
146

170 90 =
171 90 =
142 70 =
138 50 =

60 = 80
60 = 82
155
= 95
44 = 94

= 50
= 56


( 100)
5.

120

50

6.

170
40
80

166

133

122

80

60

30

70

183
50
93

92

144 ,
50 .
?

7.

111 .
20 , 30 . .
?

8.

:
178 80

9.

176 60 8 5.

10.

116 30 8 7.

65

60 20 = 40,
360 20 = 340

1.

:
540 30 =


5 4 0

3 0

780 40 =
7 8 0

4 0

60 20 = 40
360 20 = 340
960 20 =

7 6 0
3 0

320 10 =

8 7 0
8 1 0

2.

:
870

= 810


8 7 0
8 1 0


3 6 0

2 0
3 4 0

50 = 900

3 6 0
2 0
3 4 0

30 = 720

4 9 9
4 2 0

66

5 0
9 0 0

590

= 510

6 0
3 3 0

35 10 = 25
435 10 = 425

3.

:
292 60 =


2 9 2

6 0

834 10 =
8 3 4

1 0

471 50 =


4 3 5

1 0
4 2 5

4.

653 20 =

8 4 9
3 0

:
879

= 829

5 6 1
5 0


8 7 9
8 2 9

20 = 648

4 3 5
1 0
4 2 5

493

= 413

5 8 4
5 1 4

2 0
6 4 8

50 = 234

4 0
3 9 8

67

5.

300 40 = (200 + 100) 40


= 200 + (100 40)
= 200 + 60 = 260

:
400 60 =

500 30 =

200 10 =

6.


3 10 0

6 0


4 0 0

6 0

5 0 0
3 0

800 90 =

6 0 0
3 0

2 0 0
5 0

:
300

= 270


3 0 0

2 7 0

2 7 0

3 0 0

4 0
2 6 0


2 10 0

4 0
2 6 0

50 = 550

40 = 360

3 0 0

4 0
2 6 0

9 0 0
8 4 0

68


2 10 0

5 0
5 5 0

500

= 420

7 0
3 3 0

7.

120 30 = 90

:
510 60 =

420 30 = (300 + 120) 30 =


= 300 + (120 30) =
= 300 + 90 = 390


5 1 0

6 0

730 80 =

240 80 =

8.


4 11 0

6 0

7 3 0
8 0

620 40 =

3 6 0
7 0

4 4 0
9 0

:
580

= 490


5 8 0

4 9 0

4 2 0

3 0
3 9 0


3 12 0

3 0
3 9 0

4 9 0

30 = 790


4 18 0

50 = 780

4 2 0

3 0
3 9 0

3 6 0
2 8 0

3 0
7 9 0

440

= 380

4 0
8 9 0

69

9.

115 20 = 95

:
431 40 =

215 20 = (100 + 115) 20


= 100 + (115 20)
= 100 + 95 = 195


4 3 1

4 0

518 60 =

224 30 =

10.

2 4 6
6 0

453


1 11 5

2 0
1 9 5

= 393


4 5 3

458

= 398

5 4 6
4 9 6

70


3 15 3
3 9 3

70 = 385

2 1 5

2 0
1 9 5

5 4 4
7 0

3 9 3

5 1 8
6 0

853 70 =


2 1 5

2 0
1 9 5


3 13 1

4 0

7 0
3 8 5

60 = 253

6 0
2 5 3

11.

:
20

12.

60

70

80

440

460

300

500

600

980

310

310

510

500

430

290

752

430

480

515

413

592

925

746

817

733

873

299

254 kg . 60 kg.
?

13.

14.

427 80, 60. .

, . 213 ,
80 . 90
. ?

15.

418 . 200 .
80 . ?

71

1.

. .

237
167

413

72

237

2 4 7
8 0

1 9 7
4 0

5 1 6
7 0

3 5 3
6 0

413

446

2.

3.

<, > = :
246 + 60

366 60

243 90

113 + 60

415 + 90

576 70

444 + 80

634 60

x 10

x 60

:
x + 90

x + 60

x + 40

x + 10

x 40

x 90

460
594
335
429

4.

:
) 517 60, 60.
:
) , 4 15.

5.

:
:
) 598 9, 40.
:
) , 17 53.

6.

:
415 kg , 80 kg , 60 kg
. , ?
:

7.

212 , 80 8 .
, 500 ?
:

73

254 + 23 = (200 + 54) + 23 = 200 + (54 + 23) = 200 + 77 = 277


2 5 4
+
2 3
2 7 7

1.

2 5 4
+
2 3
2 7 7

:
218 + 41 = (200 +

) + 41 =

+ (18 +

)=


2 1 8
+
4 1

654 + 35 = (600 +

)+

+(

)=

6 5 4
+
3 5

512 + 39 =
436 + 25 =
452 + 26 =
378 + 21 =

74

5 4 6
5 3

6 1 7
2 1

7 2 3
2 4

8 1 4
3 2

348 + 44 = (300 + 48) + 44 = 300 + (48 + 44) = 300 + 92 = 392


3 4 8
+
4 4
3 9 2

2.

:
226 + 35 = (200 +


12,
8 3.
.
1 10 ,
12 = 1 10 + 2, 2
, 8 + 1 = 9
3 !


3 8 12

) + 35 =

+ (26 +

)=


2 2 6
+
3 5

437 + 45 = (400 +

) +

+(


4 3 7
+
4 5

)=

3 4 8
4 4
3 9 2


11
=


12

848 + 24 =
639 + 29 =
916 + 77 =
761 + 18 =
+

6 5 8
3 5

2 4 4
3 9

6 5 6
3 5

5 6 2
2 8

75

274 + 42 = (200 + 74) + 42 = 200 + (74 + 42) = 200 + 116 = 200 + (100 + 16)
= (200 + 100) + 16 = 300 + 16 = 316

2 7 4
+
4 2
3 1 6

3.

:
387 + 43 = (300 +
=
+(

) + 43 =
+
)=(

+ (87 +
+
)+

)=
=

+
+


3 8 7
+
4 3

293+ 55 = (200 +
=
+(


2 9 3
+
5 5

)+
+

=
)=(


2 11 6

+(
+

+
)+


3 12 10

)=
=

+
+

844 + 71 =
756 + 83 =

76

2 4 4
8 5

3 5 7
6 4

4 2 3
9 9

5 1 8
8 7

4.

:
+ 22

5.

+ 46

+ 57

413

532

222

211

438

454

446

432

449

846

438

534

478

738

877

643

488

536

394

361

499

777

598

486

:
87 + 246 =

28 + 454 =

57 + 313 =

6.

+ 23

36 + 872 =

+ 43

+ 33

+ 78

244

7.

412

550

532

42

60
83

592

883
18

521

786
44

77

8.

:
) 48 448:
:
) 56 667 9:
:
) 94 804 8:
:

9.

249 6 9:

10.

278 , 84 .
?

11.

362 , 80 . 67
. , ?

12.

578 g , 64 g . 90 g,
60 g . ?

13.

78

432 g , 68 g
. ?

?
!


.

!
, ...
!

79

,

.

.
.

1m
,
.
.


. .

1m = 10 dm =
100 cm = 1000 mm

80

1km = 1000 m

1.

193 k m

60 km 53
km

km
63

km
27

135 km

: ?

2.

736 m

224 m

306 m

498 m

896 m

144 m

220 m

548 m

?
.

81

3.

2 m 1 cm

16 dm 8 cm

26 dm

2 m 4 cm

2 m 7 dm

1 m 8 dm

.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

4.

! .
?

1 m 3 dm

13 dm 4 cm

14 dm 1 cm

148 cm

1 m 3 dm 6 cm

1 m 4 dm 5 cm

1 m 2 dm 8 cm

13 dm 4 cm

132 cm

1 m 4 dm 1 cm

5.

1 .
. ?

45 cm

1m

82

30 cm

20 cm

25 cm

25 cm

30 cm

6.

.
1m=
1 dm =

7.

dm
mm

1 km

630 cm
1000 m

830 mm

43 dm

10.

1 cm =
1 km =

4 dm 2cm

3 m 2 dm

7 dm 3 cm

730 cm

40 dm

56 cm

560 mm

1200 m

320 m

8 km

8 m 4 dm

mm
m

6m
1 km
840 cm

.
780 mm =
800 cm =
480 dm =
1000 dm =
100 cm =

9.

cm
cm

>, < = .
45 dm

8.

1 dm =
1m=

cm
dm =
m
m
dm =

.
4 dm =
cm =
20 cm =
mm
5m=
dm =
8 dm =
cm =
7m=
dm =

m
m

mm
cm
mm
cm

140 cm =
700 mm =
650 mm =
720 cm =
350 dm =

1m=
5 cm =
60 dm =
7m=
3 dm =

dm
cm =
cm
dm
m

dm =
mm
cm
dm
cm =

dm

mm

mm

:
1m

= 70 cm

4 dm +

1 km 930 m =

1 dm 1 cm =

cm

1000 mm
1 km 50 m =

cm = 30 cm
m

56 cm +

dm =1 m
cm = 1m

320 mm

mm = 1 dm

280 mm +

mm =1 m

430 m +

m = 1 km

83

MA

. ?

, ,
,
?

, , . ,
.
(: kg).
(: g) (: t).

1 kg = 1000 g

84

1 t = 1000 kg


0
200 g

1 kg
50g

20g

100 g

500 g

100 g

1.

5g
1g
10g 2g

,
:

200 g
50g

1 kg

2.

200 g

1 kg

500 g

1 kg

200 g

1 kg

1 kg

50g
0
1 kg

?
?
?
?
?

500 g
200 g

85

3.

.
100 kg 50 kg 20 kg 10 kg

4.

6.

50 g
1
1

500 g 200 g 100 g

50 g

128 kg 200 g

20 g
1
1
1

10 g
2
1
2

5g
1
1

2g
1
2
2

1g

292 g

.
50 g

20 g
1

10 g
1

5g
1

2g

1g
1

300 kg . ?

66 kg

86

1 kg

:
2 kg , 1 kg , 1 kg , 500 g , 400 g , 1 kg
100 g ?

500 g 200 g 100 g


636 g
1
1
171 g
372 g

7.

2 kg

.
500 g 200 g 100 g
1
1
1
1
1
2

5.

5 kg

94 kg

74 kg

69 kg

61 kg

78 kg

8.

100 kg
150 kg
350 kg

1t =

120 kg 280 kg
500 kg

1 t =


.
.

1t 200kg
1t 800kg

?
1 t 800 kg
1 t 200 kg
_______________________________
3 t

.
:
1 kg 600 g. () 350 g.
?
1 kg 600 g 350 g , 1 kg 250 g.

87

9.

<, > = :
100 kg

10.

34 kg + 66 kg

88 kg

51 kg + 19 kg

71 kg

96 kg 28 kg

68 kg

100 kg + 38 kg 44 kg

146 t
= 86 t
81 t = 56 t
436 t +
= 818 t
+ 623 t = 700 t
96 t = 84 t

50 t = 109 t
1000 t
= 992 t
114 t
= 79 t
+ 43 t = 169 t
399 t +
= 419 t

:
3 60 g + 150 g =
384 g + 2 74 g 13 g =
514 g + 7 30 g 26 g =
1 kg 400 g + 39 g =
1000 g 260 g + 186 g =

12.

27 kg + 31 kg

.
146 t
= 32 t
81 t = 56 t
436 t +
= 818 t
+ 623 t = 700 t
96 t = 384 t

11.

49 kg

60 g + 150 g =
384 g + 74 g 13g =
514 g + 30 g 26 g =
1000 g 200 g + 186 g =
1 kg 400 g + 39 g =

76 g + 96 g =
809 g + 6 g 200 g =
1000 g 96 g + 42 g =
100 g + 84 g + 11 g 73 g =
28 g + 81 g + 26 g 51 g =

20 50 kg.
350 kg , 450 kg. ?

13.

1 kg . 380 g, 430 g.
?

88

457 23 = (400 + 57) 23 = 400 + (57 23) = 400 + 34 = 434



!

4 5 7

2 3
4 3 4

1.

4 5 7
2 3
4 3 4

:
179 58 = (100 +

+(

58) =

=

1 7 9

5 8

945 32 = (900 +

+ ( 45

)=


9 4 5

3 2

632 22 =
568 44 =
394 21 =
769 59 =

3 7 7
2 6

8 7 3
4 3

9 8 8
2 3

4 8 9
5 8

89

345 26 = (300 + 45) 26 = 300 + (45 26) = 300 + 19 = 319


3 4 5

2 6
3 1 9

2.

:
563 49 = (500 +


,


!

+(

49) =


5 6 3

4 9

284 67 = (200 +


3 3 15

2 6
3 1 9

+ ( 84

)=


2 8 4

6 7


5 5 13

4 9

=

2 7 14

6 7

673 48 =
332 17 =
545 29 =
936 19 =

90

7 8 2
3 4

2 9 2
7 5

6 5 4
3 8

4 6 1
5 9

3 4 5
2 6
3 1 9

316 43= (200 + 116) 43 = 200 + (116 43) = 200 + (110 40) + (6 3) = 200 + 70 + 3 = 273

:

3 1 6

4 3
2 7 3

3. :

212 41 = (100 +

3 1 6
4 3
2 7 3

) 41 = 100 + (

) = 100 + (110


2 1 2

4 1

425 33 = (300 +


2 11 6

4 3
2 7 3

) 33 = 300 + (

) + (2

)=

)=


1 11 2

4 1

) = 300 + (120


4 2 5

3 3

)+(


3
5

3 3

946 53 =
853 61 =
666 73 =
519 46 =

3 4 6
3 8

7 3 8
5 4

3 7 5
8 5

5 7 7
6 9

91

4.

:
34

5.

45

26

73

495

286

288

578

465

345

926

395

442

582

852

301

434

351

738

492

426

739

521

545

412

611

209

712

19

28

35

48

76

466

6.

>, < =

:
544 36

7.

508
466

244
317 45

92

287 53

30
436

292

844

965 81

444

500 56

54
42

500

8.

47 843 78.

9.

864 9 8?

10.

11.

422 55, 17 104.


.

413 kg . 64 kg.
18 kg . ?

12.

325 l , 84 l .
47 l?

13.

. 97
. 145 ,
?
:

14.

346 . 83
, 60 . 35
. ?
______ .
______ .
______ .

93

1.

.
625 + 37 =
848 29 =
571 46 =
452 33 =
175 26 =
347 + 48 =
777 + 15 =

683
999

= 600
= 999
48 = 303
63 = 724
108 +
= 125
492
= 418
615 90 = ____

228 + 49 =
908 + 67 =
633 27 =
118 +
= 145
53 +
= 571
+ 36 = 851
+ 37 = 282

606

27
518

0
83
815

351
787

245

975
17

277

792 662

395

94

74
819

525
419

149

2.

,
:
417 + 69 =
316 49 =
561 +
596

=587

597
821

333
579

= 498

26

15

444

241
98

79

351
27

243

312 71 =

369

550

486

13

85 = 495
616 66 =

188

33

30

+ 314 = 393

100

580
267

43
555

518
164

415

480

600 82 =

3.

247 92.

4.

347 53 147 68.

5.

236 , 48 ,
94 .
, ?
:

6.

246 kg 88 kg .
97 kg . ?
:

95

222 + 200 = (200 + 22) + 200 = (200 + 200) + 22 = 400 + 22 = 422


,
, ,
!

2
+ 2
4

1.

2
0
2

2
0
2

2 2 2
+ 2 0 0
4 2 2

:
343 + 100 = (300 +

) + 100 = (300 +

)+


3 4 3
+ 1 0 0

456 + 300 = (

+ 56) + 300 = (400 +

)+


4 5 6
+ 3 0 0

287 + 500 =
600 + 389 =
300 + 471 =
536 + 200 =
4 5 4
+ 4 0 0

96

2 0 0
+ 5 7 6

5 0 0
+ 3 2 1

6 0 0
+ 2 7 2

142 + 233 = 142 + (200 + 33) = (142 + 200) + 33 = 342 + 33 = 375

1
+ 2
3

2.

:
425 + 370 =

4
3
7

2
3
5

1 4 2
+ 2 3 3
3 7 5

+(

+ 70) = (425 +

)+

)+


4 2 5
+ 3 7 0

523 + 144 =

+ (100 +

) = (523+

5 2 3
+ 1 4 4

462 + 134 =
122 + 666 =
141 + 357 =
651 + 128 =

1 4 5
+ 5 3 2

1 3 4
+ 2 5 5

1 2 5
+ 7 4 2

7 2 8
+ 1 3 0

97

235 + 346 = 235 + (300 + 46) = (235 + 300) + 46 = 535 + 46 = 581

2
+ 3
5

3.

:
146 + 247 =

+(

3
4
8

5
6
1


5 7 11

+ 47) = (146 +

)+


1 4 6
+ 2 4 7

323 + 448 =

+ (400 +

2 3 5
+ 3 4 6
5 8 1

) = (323 +

)+


3 2 3
+ 4 4 8


3 8 13
+


11

237 + 426 =
175 + 618 =
356 + 228 =
529 + 141 =
7 3 6
+ 1 5 9

98

3 3 6
+ 3 3 8

2 4 8
+ 2 3 9

2 7 9
+ 3 1 8

264 + 162 = 264 + (100 + 62) = (264 + 100) + 62 = 364 + 62 = 426

2
+ 1
4

4.

:
173 + 454 =

+(

6
6
2

4
2
6


3 12 6

+ 54) = (173 +

)+


1 7 3
+ 4 5 4

241 + 387 =

+ (300 +

2 6 4
+ 1 6 2
4 2 6

) = (241+

)+


2 4 1
+ 3 8 7


5 12 7
+


12 8

259 + 351 =
467 + 482 =
375 + 463 =
564 + 139 =
5 4 6
+ 2 6 2

1 3 6
+ 2 9 3

2 8 4
+ 6 7 1

5 4 4
+ 2 8 3

99

158 + 464 = 158 + (400 + 64) = (158 + 400) + 64 = 558 + 64 = 622

1
+ 4
6

5.

:
274 + 356 =

+(

5
6
2

8
4
2


5 12 2

+ 56) = (274 +

)+


5 13 0
+ (200 +

1 5 8
+ 4 6 4
6 2 2


2 7 4
+ 3 5 6

358 + 275 =


5 11 12

) = (358 +

)+


5 12 10


3 5 8
+ 2 7 5


5 12 13

364 + 259 =
477 + 266 =
284 + 537 =
675 + 266 =
4 6 8
+ 3 4 7

100

2 7 3
+ 2 3 8

2 3 7
+ 1 8 5

5 4 4
+ 2 6 6

6.

200

440

370

154

448

371

268

374

350

320

480

233

237

452

268

478

+b

7.

:
314

452

+
188

628

273

8.

:
274 + 158 + 126 = (274 + 126) +
377 + 211 + 189 = 377 + (
+
456 + 144 + 288 =

9.
10.

143

=
)=

+
+

=
=

246, 478. .

2 ,

4 ,

11.
12.

,
+

.
.

347 450 136.

353 kg , 67 kg
. ?

101

465 342 = 465 (300 + 42) = (465 300) 42 = 165 42 = 123

.

,
!

4
3
1

1.

:
386 231 =

(200 +

)=(

6
4
2

5
2
3

4 6 5
3 4 2
1 2 3

) 31 =


3 8 6
2 3 1

594 362 = 594 (

)=(


5 9 4
3 6 2

544 233 =
999 248 =
872 551 =
622 411 =
7 5 8
4 4 6

102

4 9 5
3 5 3

3 9 6
2 1 5

6 4 8
1 4 7

351 137 = 351 (100 + 37) = (351 100) 37 = 251 37 = 214

3
1
2

5
3
1

1
7
4

3
1
2

4
3
1

11
7
4

3 5 1
1 3 7
2 1 4

2.

:
347 128 =

(100 +

)=(

) 28 =

)=(


6 2 5
3 1 9

=

3 3 17
1 2 8


3 4 7
1 2 8

625 319 = 625 (


6 1 15
3 1 9

637 238 =
991 729 =
582 375 =
415 147 =
9 5 4
3 2 6

8 7 1
2 2 2

4 4 4
1 2 6

5 4 3
4 1 7

103

425 242 = (300 + 125) (200 + 42) = (300 200) + (125 42) = 100 + 83 = 183

4
2
1

3.

:
546 364 = (400 +

5
2
3

3
2
1

12
4
8

5
2
3

4 2 5
2 4 2
1 8 3

) (300 +


5 4 6
3 6 4

837 451 = (700+

2
4
8

)(

) = (400

) + (146

)=


4 14 6
3 6 4

+ 51) = (

400) + (137


8 3 7
4 5 1

)=

928 444 =
703 111 =
5 7 6
4 9 0

104

4 6 8
2 7 7

8 3 4
4 5 2

5 6 7
2 7 6

544 356 = (400 + 144) (300 + 56) = (400 300) + (144 56) = 100 + 88 = 188

5
3
1

4
5
8

4
6
8

5
3
1

3
5
8

14
6
8

4.

:
355 177 = (200 +

)(


3 5 5
1 7 2

500 321 = (400+

)(

+ 77) = (


13 14
5 6
8 8

5 4 4
3 5 6
1 8 8

100) + (155


3 4 15
1 7 7

+ 21) = (

4
3
1

)=

)=


2 14 15
1 7 7

) + (100


5 0 0
3 2 1


4 10 0
3 2 1


4 9 10
3 2 1

423 546 =
900 784 =
5 4 4
2 7 6

8 7 4
3 8 7

8 5 1
3 7 4

9 4 4
3 5 5

105

5.

, :
900 145 = 755,
854 131 =
,
729 536 =
,
624 358 =
,
581 194 =
,
433 255 =
,

6.

755 + 145 =

+
=

+
=

+
=

+
=

+
=

.
.
490 160 =

923 346 =

540 180 =

528

375 144 =

952 348 =

456 272 =

49 = 595

577

644

= 634

800

231

7.

= 317

330

211

166

604

360

184

:
130

180

135

144

169

130

990

780

106

650

525

417

324

211

8.

1000 :
) 249
:
) 780 143
:
) 291 456
:
) 72
:

9.

164 458 .
244 . ?

10.

756 kg . 462 kg,


328 kg . ?

11.

713 . 465
, 596 .
?

12.

, 747 . 589
, 523. ?

107

( )

1.

.
j (
).
744

634
920 286 =

555 + 176 =

619 + 125 =

103 + 138 =

269 + 365 =

980 236 =

731

241
629 388 =

2.

:
x

108

930 296 =

300

312

428

471

599

x + 115

a 144

x + 244

a 239

258 + x

a 256

286

300

756

451

422

( )

3.

:
244
130

4.

210
374

168

378

155

439

130 + 244 = 374


244 + 130 = 374
374 244 = 130
374 130 = 244
:
+ 186

5.

284

144

+ 155

182

300

355

440

486

513

572

418

200

374

450

?
.

646 183

463

730
415 + 163

787

578
514 165

772
699

540
349

789 294

854

278

77 + 777

495

421 128

356 + 173
529

219

854
293

500 199
601

485

359
444 168

431 + 299

644 + 128

400 181
739

395

545 194

109

( )

6.

:
36

7.

9.

7=

41

2+

A
A A
+ A A A
6 1 5

A
A 5
+ A 6 A
8 4 9

)
.

!

A
A
7 9 2


.
) * * * = 1

) * * * * * = 2

) * * * * * = 1

) * * * * * = 3

221
130
65

110

38 = 89


,
:
)

8.

+5

118
44

68

( )

1.

:
:

A 581 458

A 88 + 35

108 + 138

603 357

514 145

123 + 246

458 347

48 + 174

900 777

124 + 209

O 579 456

E 1000 433

319 + 248

M 1000 334

148 + 419

900 123

545 111

940 506

J 1000 657

209 + 134

K 945 511

840 406

561 438

252 + 303

111

( )

2.

1000 410 282?

3.

147 632 456 148.

4.

460 . 163
, 214 . ?

5.

730 . 164
74 . ?

6.

576 . 148, 116 .


?

7.

328 , j 145 .
140 .
?

8.

147, 193, 218, 254, 242, 263, 144, 178 155


600? , ?

112

200 + 50 = 250
(200 +20) + 50 = 220 + 50 = 270 = 250 + 20
200 + (50 + 20) = 200 + 70 = 270 = 250 + 20
20, 20!
(200 + 40) + 50 = 240 + 50 = ___ = 250 + ___
200 + (50 + 40) = 200 + 90 = ___ = 250 + ___
40, 40!

,
!

+b=
( + x) + b = + x
+ (b + x) = + x

200 + 50 = 250
(200 20) + 50 = 180 + 50 = 230 = 250 20
200 + (50 20) = 200 + 30 = 230 = 250 20
20, 20!
(200 40) + 50 = 160 + 50 = ___ = 250 ___
200 + (50 40) = 200 + 10 = ___ = 250 ___
40, 40!

,
!

+b=
( x) + b = x
+ (b x) = x

113

1.

2.

240

135

360

285

240 + 50

135

360

285 50

240 + 100

135

360

285 100

240 + 198

135

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285 198

240 + 248

135

360

285 248

+ b = 180 :
( + 196) +b =_______
+ (b + 84) = ______

3.

( 44) + b = ______
+ (b 78) = ______

+ b = 350 :
( + ___ ) + b = 350 + 64
( + ___ ) + b = 428
( ___ ) + b = 286

4.

+b

+ (b ___ ) = 350 86
+ (b + ___ ) = 516
+ (b ___ ) = 204

, :
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) 183, .
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5.

340 , 86 .
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_____________________________________________________
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_____________________________________________________

114

+b

380 60 = 320
(380 + 20) 60 = 400 60 = 340 = 320 + 20
20, 20!
(380 20) 60 = 360 60 = ___ = 320 ___
20, 20.


,

.

b=
( + x) b = + x
( x) b = x


,
.

380 60 = 320
380 (60 + 20) = 380 80 = ___ = 320 ___
20, 20!
380 (60 20) = 380 40 = ___ = 320 + ___
20, 20.


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115

1.

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153

700 45

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153 45

700 100

350

690

153 100

700 154

350

690

153 154

700 286

350

690

153 286

(b + 60) = _____
(b 38) = _____
( + 325) b = _____

b = 360, :
( + ___ ) b = 416
( ___ ) b = 308

4.

b = 400, :
( + 120) b = _______
( 340) b = _______
(b + 220) = _______

3.

(b + ___ ) = 255
+ (b ___ ) = 528

:
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5.

423, j 580.
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116

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mm.

137

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