INTEGRATION

BASIC FORMULAE 1. k 2.
n ∫x

dx = kx + dx =

c , k a constant.

x n +1 where n ≠ -1 n +1 x +c

3. 4.

∫x ∫e

1

dx = log

x

dx = e x + c dx = ax +c log a

x 5. ∫ a

Example 1: a) b) c) d) e)

∫ 1x
x ∫
3

dx

∫ 5x dx ∫2
x

dx dx + 1 x + e ) dx x

∫ 3x ∫ (x

1

2

f)

2

Answer a) b)

∫ 1x = 1x + c =x+c
x dx = ∫
3 1 x 3+ x4 + c= + c 3+ 1 4

3 x + 50 x + k = 80. 000 k = 70.000.000 Which is cost function is equal to 80. Solution MC = 3. When x=0. = − +c ∫ 3 3 −2 + 1 3x = x 2 dx + e) 1 ∫ 3x 2 dx 2 ∫ (x + = f) 1 x + e ) dx x ∫ 1 x ∫ xdx + ∫ e dx = x3 + log x + e x = c 3 Application of integration in pentagon MC is derivative of the cost function. x2 5x 2 +c = +c 2 2 d) = 2x +c log a 1 −2 1 x −2 +1 1 x = .000.3 = 10. 000e. fixed cost is 80.3 x 3. 10.c) ∫ 5x dx x ∫ 2 dx = 5 x dx ∫ = 5. C= ∫ MC dx +k K is the constant of the integration.3 x Fixed cost is 80.3(0) + 50(0) + k = 80. Example 1: the marginal cost function of the firm is given by MC = 3. 000e. 000e. 000e + 50dx = 3000 + 50 x + k C= ∫ .3 x + 50 Find the cost function if the fixed cost is 80. 000 10. Similarly C or cost function is the antiderivative or integration of the MC.3 x + 50 x + k . 000e.000. 000 . 000e.3 x + 50 e.

Find the average cost function.So cost function C = 10. Solution: MC = 6+10x-6x2 C= ∫ 6 + 10x − 6x 2 dx = 6x + 5x2.3 x + 50 x + 70. 12 =6(1) + 5(1). 000 Example 2: the marginal cost function of manufacturing x pair of shoes is 6+10x6x2.2x3+k C is 12 when x=1 So.2x3+3 AC = c 6x + 5x 2 − 2x 3 + 3 3 = = 6 + 5x − 2 x2 + = x x x EXAMPLE 3: . 000e.2(1)+k 12=9+k So k = 3 So C = 6x + 5x2.the total cost of producing a pair of shoe is Rs 12.

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