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sdfgsdgLecture 2

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Published by: TJ Hooker on Oct 15, 2013
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Lecture #2: The Tokugawa System  “Centralized Feudalism”

The Hybrid Structure of the Government  Victory at Sekigahara was won by a coalition of lords led by the Tokugawa  Bakufu (shogunate) in Edo  Han (domains) of the daimyo (feudal lords) Different categories of lords  Fudai Daimyo  Hereditary Lords  loyal to the Tokugawa as it came to power  Tozama Daimyo  Outer Lords  pledged loyalty to the Tokugawa after their defeat to Tokugawa in 1600  therefor given no part in the shogunate (bakufu/Tokugawa government)  Shimpan Daimyo  Related Lords  blood related to Tokugawa Ieyasu Control Measures  Rearrange domains  Alternate Attendance and hostage system (“Sankin-kotai”)  every daimyo had to come to Edo every other year, spend a year there, and return to his domain o Brought with them their retainer/built mansions in Edo  way of making the lords spend a lot of their tax income on coming/staying in Edo  lord wanted to bring as many retainers to show how powerful he was  By 1700, Edo becomes one of, if not the, biggest cities in the world (~1 mil people) economic stimulus  Osaka  most of Daimyo sell their surplus rice to pay for their expenses that they have  Villages begin to produce what they can produce best  Strict Control of foreign relations: seclusion, outlawing Christianity, Deshima (in the harbor of Nagasaki/only Dutch allowed) o 1649: Christian missions begin in Japan, starting with the Jesuits o 1630s: Several edicts closed country to the west  “1. Strictly prohibited for Japanese ship to leave for foreign country” o 1637: Battle of Shimabara (near Nagasaki)  known as Christian uprising  Ideological conformity Domain Government and Society  Domains were largely autonomous  Samurai elite and rule of status

 Samurai become bureaucrats Local Government and Society  Village headsman  Women and the family o Male Primogeniture  inheritance along the male line o Ukiyo-e woodblock prints o 1688-1704 Genroku o Kabuki theatre  samurai prohibited from going to plays (against samurai morals)  Case of the 47 Ronin  traditional story of Tokugawa period  Illustrates the transformation that begins to take place in the Tokugawa period in the samurai class o Persecution of Christians in Japan (Ana-Tsurushi) o Deshima – In the harbor of Nagasaki o 1700s: Adoption of Western Science Smith 20 (Amanda) M: 2-5 T/Th: 1-430 W/F: 1130-330 .

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